Alabama Facts


Alabama became the 22nd state on December 14, 1819.

Between 1817 and 1819 Old Saint Stephens was the first territorial capital of Alabama.

Montgomery is the current capital.

The word "Alabama" means Tribal Town in the Creek Indian language.

The Alabama State Flag was authorized by the Alabama legislature on February 16, 1895.



Official "Stuff"

"Alabama" is the official state song.

Hematite is Alabama's official state mineral and is known as oxide of iron (Fe2O3).

The Monarch butterfly (Danaus pleipuss) is the state's official insect.

The star blue quartz is the state's official gemstone.

The pecan is the Alabama's official nut.

The Florence Renaissance Faire is the Alabama's official fair.

"Audemus jura nostra defendere" is the official state motto. Translated it means "we dare defend our rights."

[If you like to read more of these, visit the ADAH's website.]


Geology/Geography Facts

At 2,405 feet Cheaha Mountain is Alabama's highest point above sea level.

Alabama's geographic center is located in Chilton a community located 12 miles southwest of Clanton.

Alabama's mean elevation is 500 feet at its lowest elevation point.

Alabama is the only state with all major natural resources needed to make iron and steel. It is also the largest supplier of cast-iron and steel pipe products.

A skeleton of a pre-historic man was found in Russell Cave.


People of Note born in Alabama

People from Alabama are called Alabamians.

Alabama resident Sequoyah devised the phonetic, written alphabet of the Cherokee language.

Peter Bryce is recognized as the state's first psychiatrist. He was born in 1834 and died in 1892.

Tallulah Bankhead entertained as a star of stage, screen, and radio during the 1930s-1950s. She was born in Huntsville in 1902 and died in 1968.

Singer and entertainer Nathaniel Adams (Nat King) Cole was known as the man with the velvet voice. He was born in Montgomery in 1919 and died in 1965.

Boxer Joe Louis was born in Lexington in 1914. He died in 1981.

Baseball player Willie Howard Mays was born in Westfield in 1931.

Baseball player Henry Louis (Hank) Aaron was born in Mobile in 1934.

The musical singing group Alabama has a Fan Club and Museum in Fort Payne.

In 1995 Heather Whitestone serves as first Miss America chosen with a disability.


City/County Facts

Washington County is the oldest county in Alabama.

Huntsville is known as the rocket capital of the World.

Schools established in Mobile include Washington Academy (founded in 1811) and Huntsville Green Academy (founded in 1812). 

Blount County was created on February 7, 1818 and is older than the state.

Winston County is often called the Free State of Winston. It gained the name during the Civil War.

Mobile is named after the Mauvilla Indians.

The town of Enterprise houses the Boll Weevil Monument to acknowledge the role this destructive insect played in encouraging farmers to grow crops other than cotton.


Government/Politics Facts

Montgomery was the birthplace of the Confederate States of America.

The Confederate flag was designed and first flown in Alabama in 1861.

The Alabama Department of Archives is the oldest state-funded archival agency in the nation.

To help fund education Alabama instituted its state sales tax in 1937.

In 1956 the Army Ballistic Missile Agency was established at Huntsville's Redstone Arsenal.

Governor George C. Wallace served four terms in office.

The United States Army Chemical Corps Museum in Fort McClellan contains over 4000 chemical warfare artifacts.


Notable Incidents in History

General Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek Indians in 1814. Following the event the Native Americans ceded nearly half the present state land to the United States.

On January 28, 1846 Montgomery was selected as capital of Alabama.

On January 11, 1861 Alabama becomes the fourth state to secede from the Union.

At the Battle of Mobile Bay Admiral David Farragut issued his famous command, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead." The event occurred on August 5, 1864.

The world's first Electric Trolley System was introduced in Montgomery in 1886.

In 1902 Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill performed the first open heart surgery in the Western Hemisphere by suturing a stab wound in a young boy's heart. The surgery occurred in Montgomery.

Hitler's typewriter survived from his mountain retreat and is exhibited at the Hall of History in Bessemer.

The Birmingham Airport opened in 1931. At the time of the opening a Birmingham to Los Angeles flight took 19 hours.

Alabama introduced the Mardi Gras to the western world. The celebration is held on Shrove Tuesday, the day before Lent begins.

Alabama workers built the first rocket to put humans on the moon.


Source of Information: 50states.com
http://www.50states.com/facts/alabama.htm

(All credit goes to 50states.com for factual information.
We've just formatted and organized things for easier reading)
Transcribed by K. Torp


 

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