Alabama became the 22nd state on December 14, 1819.
1817 and 1819 Old Saint Stephens was the first territorial capital of
Montgomery is the current capital.
"Alabama" means Tribal Town in the Creek Indian language.
The Alabama State Flag was authorized by the Alabama legislature
on February 16, 1895.
"Alabama" is the
official state song.
Hematite is Alabama's official state
mineral and is known as oxide of iron (Fe2O3).
butterfly (Danaus pleipuss) is the state's official insect.
star blue quartz is the state's official gemstone.
The pecan is
the Alabama's official nut.
The Florence Renaissance Faire is
the Alabama's official fair.
"Audemus jura nostra defendere" is
the official state motto. Translated it means "we dare defend our
feet Cheaha Mountain is Alabama's highest point above sea level.
Alabama's geographic center is located in Chilton a community
located 12 miles southwest of Clanton.
Alabama's mean elevation
is 500 feet at its lowest elevation point.
Alabama is the only
state with all major natural resources needed to make iron and steel. It
is also the largest supplier of cast-iron and steel pipe products.
A skeleton of a pre-historic man was found in Russell Cave.
People of Note born in
People from Alabama are called Alabamians.
Alabama resident Sequoyah devised the phonetic, written alphabet
of the Cherokee language.
Peter Bryce is recognized as the
state's first psychiatrist. He was born in 1834 and died in 1892.
Tallulah Bankhead entertained as a star of stage, screen, and
radio during the 1930s-1950s. She was born in Huntsville in 1902 and
died in 1968.
Singer and entertainer Nathaniel Adams (Nat King)
Cole was known as the man with the velvet voice. He was born in
Montgomery in 1919 and died in 1965.
Boxer Joe Louis was born in
Lexington in 1914. He died in 1981.
Baseball player Willie
Howard Mays was born in Westfield in 1931.
Baseball player Henry
Louis (Hank) Aaron was born in Mobile in 1934.
singing group Alabama has a Fan Club and Museum in Fort Payne.
In 1995 Heather Whitestone serves as first Miss America chosen
with a disability.
is the oldest county in Alabama.
Huntsville is known as the
rocket capital of the World.
Schools established in Mobile
include Washington Academy (founded in 1811) and Huntsville Green
Academy (founded in 1812).
Blount County was created on
February 7, 1818 and is older than the state.
Winston County is
often called the Free State of Winston. It gained the name during the
Mobile is named after the Mauvilla Indians.
The town of Enterprise houses the Boll Weevil Monument to
acknowledge the role this destructive insect played in encouraging
farmers to grow crops other than cotton.
Montgomery was the birthplace of the Confederate
States of America.
The Confederate flag was designed and first
flown in Alabama in 1861.
The Alabama Department of Archives is
the oldest state-funded archival agency in the nation.
fund education Alabama instituted its state sales tax in 1937.
In 1956 the Army Ballistic Missile Agency was established at
Huntsville's Redstone Arsenal.
Governor George C. Wallace served
four terms in office.
The United States Army Chemical Corps
Museum in Fort McClellan contains over 4000 chemical warfare artifacts.
Notable Incidents in
General Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek
Indians in 1814. Following the event the Native Americans ceded nearly
half the present state land to the United States.
On January 28,
1846 Montgomery was selected as capital of Alabama.
11, 1861 Alabama becomes the fourth state to secede from the Union.
At the Battle of Mobile Bay Admiral David Farragut issued his
famous command, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead." The event
occurred on August 5, 1864.
The world's first Electric Trolley
System was introduced in Montgomery in 1886.
In 1902 Dr. Luther
Leonidas Hill performed the first open heart surgery in the Western
Hemisphere by suturing a stab wound in a young boy's heart. The surgery
occurred in Montgomery.
Hitler's typewriter survived from his
mountain retreat and is exhibited at the Hall of History in Bessemer.
The Birmingham Airport opened in 1931. At the time of the
opening a Birmingham to Los Angeles flight took 19 hours.
Alabama introduced the Mardi Gras to the western world. The
celebration is held on Shrove Tuesday, the day before Lent begins.
Alabama workers built the first rocket to put humans on the
Source of Information:
(All credit goes to 50states.com for factual information.
We've just formatted and organized things for easier
Transcribed by K. Torp