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Butler County

Daniel H. Brook, M. D. Now successfully established in medical practice at Claude [Tex], Dr. Brook began his practical career as a court reporter, and with his aspirations always directed toward a permanent position of opportunity and service in the world he eventually secured the means and completed preparation for his present work.
      Daniel H. Brook was born in Butler county, Alabama, August 26, 1878, a son of J. I. and Susan (Shine) Brook. His father, a native of Alabama, and now one of the best known residents of Claude, Texas, came to this state in 1880, and was for many years a stock farmer until he retired. He served in an Alabama regiment during the Civil war, and has always been a loyal Democratic voter, and a member of the Methodist church. The mother was born in Alabama in 1844, and died in Collin county, Texas, in 1902, at the age of fifty-eight. She was married in her native state. Of the four children, two sons and two daughters, Dr. Brook was the third. He spent his boyhood chiefly in Collin county, receiving an education in the public schools there, and graduating from the high school in 1898. He then took up stenography, became a reporter in Fort Worth, the county seat of Tarrant county, and in that way acquired the funds to get him through his medical course. He was for two years a student in the Southwestern Medical College at Dallas, and completed his studies in the Tulane University at New Orleans, graduating in the year 1906. His first practice was in Collin county, where he remained until 1909, in which year he established his office at Claude, in Armstrong county.  He has a large private practice, and is also acting as county health officer.
     In politics he is a Democrat, but takes no active part in practical party affairs. He is a member of the Potter County Medical Society, the State Medical Society, the Southern Medical Association, and the American Medical Association. Fraternally he is one of the prominent Masons, having taken all the degrees of the Scottish Rite, including the thirty-second, and having his membership in Dallas Consistory, No. 2, Texas. He is also affiliated with the Woodmen of the World, is an interested worker in the Commercial Club organization at Claude. On December 5, 1903, Dr. Brook married Miss Pierce Young, who was born in Texas, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Young, of Arkansas, old residents of that vicinity. Her mother still resides in that county. Dr. Brook and wife have three children: Winston, born in Collin county, October 4, 1904; Glidewell, born in Collin county. May 20, 1907; and J. E., born at Claude, June 24, 1909. Source: "A History of Texas and Texans Vol 3", by Frank Johnson, Eugene Barker, and Ernest Winkler - Published  by American Historical Society 1914 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney]
CALDWELL, Dr. HENRY M - The Chief Pioneer of Birmingham Passes Over to Rest

                Dr. H. M. Caldwell was stricken some months ago, and his illness at that time excited grave apprehensions; but when he so far recovered, under treatment of the highest medical skill, as to appear again on the streets, hopes of his entire recovery were indulged. Several days ago, however, he was stricken with paralysis, and it became evident to his sorrowing friends that death was hovering near.  At 11:45 Wednesday night, in the presence of all his family except one daughter, the end came – Dr. Caldwell was at rest.


Henry Martin Caldwell was born at Greenville, this state, in 1836, and was therefore 59 years old when he died.  His father was John C. Caldwell, a native of North Carolina, who moved to Alabama with his young wife, Elizabeth Beck, before the state had been long in the union.  His father died in 1870 and his mother the next year.

                He was educated at the schools of Greenville, receiving a good education and at the age of 21 graduated in medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.  Returning to Greenville after his graduation he began the practice of his chosen profession, meeting with splendid success.

                While yet a very young man he was married to Miss Milner, a sister of Maj. W. J. Milner of this city, and as the result of his union he has tow sons and two daughters, Charles H. and John Mr. Caldwell, and Mrs. Charles O. Locke and Mrs. Johnson, all of whom are still living.  Mrs. Caldwell died the latter part of August 1894, after a short illness.

                Dr. Caldwell was thoroughly imbued with the polities prevailing in his section and which matured into the formation of the Confederacy. At the beginning of the war he entered the medical department of the army and until the surrender served in the army mostly with the Thirty-third Alabama infantry. After the surrender he returned to that practice of medicine at Greenville.  Early in the 70’s he removed with his family to Birmingham and in 1875 was elected president of Elyton Land Company, the most potent factor in the growth and development of this city and district.  He was reelected present annually and served in that capacity until about two months ago when he resigned on account of failing health.

                He has been identified with the industrial development of Birmingham from the very foundation of the city, and has had more to do in shaping the policy of Elyton Land Company and fixing the prices of real estate in this city than perhaps any other man. He was stockholder and director in a great many of the enterprises that have existed here and which contributed to the prosperity of Birmingham, and was the largest individual property holder in the city. Hew as president and the larges stockholder in the company that built  the Caldwell Hotel, a director in the Highland Avenue and Belt Railroad company, in the Birmingham Trust and Savings company, Williamson Iron company, Birmingham Iron Works, Birmingham water Works company and various other enterprises.

                Dr. Caldwell was a member of the First Presbyterian church of this city, and belonged to the order of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. He was strictly temperate, energetic, prudent and faithful.

                He devoted the best energies of this life to the enhancement of the interests of the company of which he was president and to the up building of the city.  Source: Hamilton News Press, Marion County AL, August 15, 1895 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney


CARMICHEL, JOHN C., Attorney-at-Law, Greenville, son of Duggald and Caroline E. Carmichel, natives, respectively, of the States of South Carolina and Georgia, was born in Dallas County, this State, July 2, 1861.

The senior Mr. Carmichel was a minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church. He came into Alabama in early life, devoted his time to the ministry until 1867, and in that year embarked in the mercantile business in Dallas County, where he died in 1875.

     John C. Carmichel was educated, primarily, at the common schools. In 1882 he entered the Agricultural and Mechanical College at Auburn, remained one year, and for the next succeeding twelve months turned his attention to teaching in the public schools. In 1885 he edited the Alabama Free Press, at Brownsville, and while there conceived the idea of studying law. In the office of W J Sanford, at Opelika, he pursued the study of law about one year, and on April 15, 1886, was admitted to the bar. He began the practice at Greenville in October, 1887, in partnership with Mr. Zell Gaston. The firm of Carmichel & Gaston are among the most reputable in Central Alabama.

     Mr. Carmichel is a member of the Knights of Honor, Knights of Pythias, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and is officially identified with the Sabbath school.  Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney


DUNKLIN, DANIEL G. prominent Merchant and Planter was born at Greenville, Ala., October 28, 1823, and his parents were James and Catharine (Lee) Dunklin, the former a native of South Carolina and the latter of Leesburg, N. C.

     James Dunklin came to Alabama in 1818, and was among the first (if not the very first) settlers at where now stands the town of Greenville. He became an extensive planter, was one of the commissioners that laid out the town of Greenville, and was afterward commissioner of the county. He died in Greenville in 1828.

     Daniel G. Dunklin, during his youth, acquired such learning as was possible at the neighboring schools, attending perhaps three months out of the year. As will be seen he was only four years of age at the time of his father's death. At the age of fourteen years in a dry goods house at Montgomery, he received his first employment as a clerk, and he remained with that concern seven years. He was twenty-one years of age when he engaged in the mercantile business at Montgomery on his own account. He remained there two years, came to Greenville, and established himself in the mercantile business. Here he has been one of the most successful merchants; he has devoted his time to his business, and has accumulated a competency. Prior to the war he owned a large number of slaves, was extensively interested in planting, and had standing out on interest a large amount. It is not necessary to add that the war swept away this immense fortune, for that was but the common lot of a great many.

     During the four years of the war, Mr. Dunklin was in the Quartermaster's Department of the Confederate States, and afterwards engaged in mercantile business again at Greenville. He has succeeded in regaining largely his lost estate. He is now one of the most extensive farmers in Butler County, producing annually many bales of cotton, and giving particular attention to the breeding of stock. He has probably the finest stock farm and vineyard in this section. He is one of Greenville's most respected citizens, noted for his kind-heartedness, liberality and public-spiritedness.

      He was married January 19, 1847, to Miss Susan C. Burnett, of Greenville, Ala. She died in 1861, leaving one child. Walter J. January 12, 1864, Mr. Dunklin married Miss Hanna Patton, of Greenville, Ala., and has had born to him one son, Patton B. The family belong to the Episcopal Church, and Mr. Dunklin is a member of the Masonic fraternity and of the I. O. O. F - Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney


GASTON, ZELL, Attorney-at-law, Greenville of the firm of Carmichel & Gaston, was born in Butler County, this State, June 21, 1863, and is a son of Lucius C. and Amanda J. Gaston, natives, respectively, of the States of Georgia and Florida.

      Mr. Gaston attended the common schools of his neighborhood until about sixteen years of age, at which time he entered the Agricultural and Mechanical College at Auburn, where he remained four years. From the Agricultural and Mechanical College he entered the Alabama University, and from there graduated as Bachelor of Arts, class of 1884. Returning to Greenville, he accepted the principalship of the public schools, and taught therein for the two succeeding years. He read law in the office of the Hon. J. C. Richardson, of this city, was admitted to the bar in February, 1886, and entered at once into a partnership with John C. Carmichel, in the practice of law.

       Mr. Gaston is now, and has been for some time, County Superintendent of Education. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias, Knights and Ladies of Honor and of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

      He was married January 26, 1887, to Miss Lelia Dulin, daughter of Adam B. Dulin, Esq., of this place. (Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney)


Wesley Hamner was born in 1812, in Putnam County, Ga., and moved into Marion County (Ga) when a young man; being a cripple - from accident - he learned the shoe-making trade, which he followed a good many years. He was an independent soldier in the War of 1836; came to Alabama in 1843, and returned to Georgia in 1847. In 1856 he returned to Alabama and located in Pike County. After the war he moved into Butler County, where he died in 1886. He was an earnest Christian gentleman, and much devoted to his family. He reared two sons and seven daughters: Sarah J., wife of N. Cowart, of Georgia; Daniel T.,; Martha, wife of Benjamin Hudson; Mary E., wife of Augustus Parker; Julia S., wife of R. H. J. Hilldreth; Frances (deceased) was the wife of William McKinney and the mother of five children, all of whom were drowned in attempting to cross a stream of water in 1876; Ellen, wife of N. D. Hathorn; Susan W., wife of Sidney Williams; John W. T., a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney


LINTON, JOHN , soldier of the American Revolution, aged 76 years, and a resident of Butler County; private N. C. Militia and State Troops; enrolled on Oct 19, 1833, under act of Congress of June 7, 1832, payment to date from March 4, 1831; annual allowance, $76.66. — Revolutionary Pension Roll, in part 3, vol. xiii. Sen. doc. 514, 23rd Cong., 1st sess., 1833-34. He resided in Butler County, June 1, 1840, with Hugh Linton, aged 82.— Census of Pensioners, 1841, p. 149.   Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer

LITTLE, JOHN BUCKNER, educator and editor, was born October 10, 1861; son of John G. and Sophronia E. (Howell) Little, of Greenville. He entered the University of Alabama in 1879, and received the degrees of A. B., 1883, and A. M., 1886, from this institution. He was assistant professor of chemistry. University of Alabama, 1883-87; president, South Alabama institute, Greenville, 1887-90; principal, Military academy, Huntsville, 1890-91; editor, "Tuscaloosa Times," 1886, "True Democrat," 1888, "State Review," 1895-96; later a teacher in Butler County. Author: "History of Butler County," 1885. Married: in 1890, to Lula Duncan, of Huntsville. Residence: Butler County. 
Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer 

LITTLE, JOHN GOODWIN, farmer, was born December 3, 1825, near Ridgeville, Butler County, deceased; son of Amos and Elizabeth (Hays) Little, who came from Union District, S. C., to Butler County in 1820, later moving to Conecuh County; grandson of John and Martha (Manning) Little, and of Thomas Norris and Cansody (Goodwin) Hays, all of Union District, S. C. The Hays, Little and Manning families were all of Irish stock, having come from near Cork, Ireland, to Maryland, prior to the Revolutionary war. Mr. Little was reared on a farm, and received a limited education in the country schools. In 1846, he became employed as overseer with Col. Estey of Mississippi for eighteen months; later invested in land near Cedar, Butler County; during the War of Secession raised provisions for the army; engaged in farming for five years after the war; moved to Monterey, where he lived for fifteen years; and in 1888 moved to Greenville, where he lived in retirement. He was a Democrat and a Baptist. Married: December 22, 1855, to Sophronia Elizabeth Howell, who died January 10, 1892. Children: 1. Theresa Jenelia, m. Dr. Jabes J. Garrett; 2. Susan Elizabeth, m. William Andrew Jackson Stuart; 3. John Buckner, who was assistant professor of chemistry, University of Alabama, 1883-1887, president of the Southern Alabama institute, Greenville, 1887-1890, principal of the Military academy at Huntsville, 1890-1891, editor of the "Tuscaloosa Times," 1886, of the "True Democrat," 1888, of the "State Review," 1895-1896, and author of "History of Butler County," m. Lula Mary Duncan; 4. Annie B., m. Dr. Frank H. Mason; 5. Charles Town, merchant, m. Eugene McDowell. Last residence: Butler County. 
Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer

LLOYD, BENJAMIN, primitive Baptist minister and compiler of hymns, was born October 6, 1804, in Talbot County, Ga., and died January 14, 1860. in Greenville; son of John E. and Elizabeth Lloyd. His paternal ancestors came from Wales with William Penn chiefiy settling in Virginia, though members of the original family remained in Pennsylvania, others settled in Maryland, one branch continuing southward from Virginia. Benjamin Lloyd was a minister of the gospel, in the Primitive Baptist church. Under President Buchanan's administration, he was receiver of the land office of the United States, at Greenville. He was major of militia in the Indian War of 1836. Author: "Primitive hymns"; "The primitive hymns, spiritual songs, and sacred poems, regularly selected, classified and set in order, and adapted to social singings and all occasions of Divine Worship." Married: February 22, 1832, at Eatonton, Ga., to Naomi Ann, daughter of Elder Cary and Martha (Roundtree) Cox, who lived at Eatonton. The family of Roundtrees lived in Edgefield District, S. C. Children: 1. John Franklin, Confederate soldier, died from wounds received in battle of Chickamauga, Tenn., m. Mary Eliza Lee; 2. Cary Chapelle, Confederate soldier and Baptist minister, m. (1) Susan M. Lee, (2) 'Julia A. Snelgrove; 3. Joseph Lafayette, Baptist minister, m. (1) Mary Ann Henderson; (2) Lucy Payne; 4. Columbus James, d. in infancy; 5. Eugene Emory, d. unmarried; 6. Benjamin, jr., Confederate soldier, killed during War of Secession in railroad accident, near Cleveland, Tenn., September 9, 1862; 7. Frances Elizabeth, d. in infancy; S.William Holt, Confederate soldier, m. Mary Frances Reynolds; 9. Andrew Jackson, Confederate soldier, killed at the battle of Richmond, Va., July 2, 1862; 10. Wylie Willis, Confederate soldier, m. Carrie Cooper; 11. Jesse Cox, Confederate soldier, m. Mattie Eliza Reynolds; 12. Orren Datus, Confederate soldier, m. Mary E. Norvell; 13. Milton Stephens, Confederate soldier, m. Melissa Harwell; 14. Martha Ann Eliza, d. young; 15. Ichabod David, m. Mary Hundley; 16. Fannie Joe, m. Y. C. Norris; 17. Thomas Jefferson, m. (1) Fannie Perryman, (2) unknown; 18. James Buchanan m. (1) Maggie Herbert Adams, (2) Sallie Barnett Adams; 19. Albert Adams, m. Lena Brown. Last residence: Greenville.  
Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer

LLOYD, CARY CHAPPELLE, physician, was born April 2, 1834, at Talbotton, Talbot County, Ga. ; son of Rev. Benjamin and Naomi Ann (Cox) Lloyd. He received his academic education in the common schools of the period and completed his medical studies at the Jefferson medical colleges, Philadelphia, Perin., and Atlanta, Ga., graduating with honors in 1856, at the age of twenty-two, at the latter institution. He entered upon the practice of his profession at Greenville, the following year. He enlisted in the Confederate Army in 1861, at the outbreak of the War of Secession, Co. D, 17th Alabama cavalry regiment, and was made assistant regimental quartermaster with the rank of captain of cavalry. He is a Democrat, an ordained minister of the Missionary Baptist church, and was clerk of the Alabama Baptist association for twenty-five years. Married: April 28, 1858, at Mt. Willing, Lowndes County, to Susan Miller, daughter of Rev. David and Mary (Coleman) Lee of that place. Children: 1. Carrie Lee, m. John R. Brooks, Liberty, N. C.; 2. Francis Bartow m. Sarah Lillian Carter, Butler Springs; 3. Eleanor C., Greenville. Residence: Greenville. 
Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer

LLOYD, JAMES BUCHANAN, merchant, was born February 2, 1857, near Old Fort Dale, Butler County; son of Benjamin and Naomi Ann (Cox) Lloyd, the former who was born in Talbot County, Ga., emigrated to Alabama in 1836, lived in several places in the state, was a Primitive Baptist minister and the compiler of the "Primitive Baptist Hymn Book," was a major of Alabama militia in the Indian war of 1813, and receiver of the U. S. land office at Greenville under Buchanan's administration; grandson of Cary and Martha (Roundtree) Cox, of Eatonton, Ga. The Lloyds came from Wales with William Penn. Mr. Lloyd was educated in the Greenville schools, and after leaving school engaged in merchandising. He was postmaster at Pine Apple, 1891- 1897; and represented Wilcox County in the State legislature, 1911. He is a Democrat and a member of the Christian church. Married: (1) November 8, 1882, to Maggie Herbert Adams, and (2) December 28, 1892, to Sallle Barnett Adams; both daughters of :Dr. David and Martha (Blankenship) Adams, of Pine Apple; granddaughters of John and Mahalath (Atkins) Adams of Georgja, and of John and Eliza (Carter) Blankenship. Children, by second marriage: 1. James Adams. Residence: Pine Apple.  
Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer

LOBMAN, NATHAN, merchant, was born June 2, 1851, in New York City; son of Henry and Theresa (Steiner) Lobman, natives, respectively, of Heidelberg, Bavaria, and Tachan. Austria, who emigrated to New York in 1846 or 1847, and were married in that city, who came to Greenville in 1854, and moved to Montgomery in 1861, the former of whom engaged in cabinet making and merchandising until the death of his wife in 1876, when he went to Pineapple to live. He was educated in a school taught by Col. Thomas Herbert in Greenville, and after leaving school, clerked for two years in Greenville, for the firm of L. Bear and company. In 1869, he moved to Montgomery where he conducted a general store, and two years later moved to Pineapple, where he opened a general store in partnership with L. Steiner. under the firm name of Steiner and Lobman. After nineteen years in business together at Pineapple, Mr. Lobman and Mr. Steiner opened a wholesale drygoods house in Montgomery. Mr. Lobman was elected alderman of Montgomery in April, 1903. He is a director in the Peoples cotton factory, a director of the Commercial and industrial association, and a trustee of the Jewish Temple. He is a Mason; an Odd Fellow; a Knight of Pythias; a member of the National Union; and of the B'nai B'rith. Married: January 14, 1884, to Carrie, daughter of Joseph Pollock, of New York City. Children: 1. Theresa; 2. Walter; 3. Myron; 4. Bernard. Residence: Montgomery. 
Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer

LONG, JOHN LEE, business man, was born January 12, 1868, at Greenville; son of John T. and Louisa (Thagard) Long, who lived in Greenville; grandson of Solomon and Patience P. (Warr) Long, and of Rev. Solomon Thagard. In early life, Mr. Long clerked in a store, then went into business for himself as a cotton buyer. He has served Greenville several times as councilman, treasurer, and member of the school board: has been chairman of the board of revenue for Butler County ; chairman of the Democratic executive committee of Butler County; a member of the State executive committee, and chairman of the congressional executive committee; was a member of the constitutional convention of 1901; became a member of the staff of Gov. Joseph F. Johnston with the rank of lieutenant colonel; was elected to the State legislature in 1906, and was re-elected in 1910 and 1919; served in 1910 as chairman of the campaign committee having in charge the successful fight against the adoption of the proposed amendment to the State constitution providing for constitutional prohibition; was appointed chairman of the State tax commission in 1911, and held that position until September, 1913, when he resigned to enter business in Greenville. He is a Democrat and an Episcopalian. Married: May 23, 1900, to Sallie Dickerson of Greenville. Residence: Greenville. LONG, JOHN R., merchant, was born August 25, 1835, in Pickens County; son of Richard and Mary H. (Coleman) Long, natives of Virginia, who moved first to South Carolina, and in 1828, to Alabama, settling on a plantation in Pickens County, near Pickensville, until the death of the former in 1858. His paternal grandfather was born in Ireland, and his grandmother in England. He began life for himself as a clerk for Drury Miller, a merchant at Bridgeville, and remained Micro for three years, when, on the death of his father, he returned home and took charge of the plantation, at the same time conducting a farm of his own in Noxubee County, Miss. He enlisted in the C. S. Army in 1861, joining Co. C, Forty-first Alabama infantry, and remained in the service of the commissary department until the latter part of 1864, when he was discharged on account of disability for service. In 1866, he formed a partnership in the mercantile business with Dr. A. M. Wilkins at Pickensville, and at the same time formed a partnership with S. W. Hood, at Franconia. He maintained the latter association until 1869, when he sold his interest in the business at Franconia, and gave his entire attention to the store in Pickensville, assuming full control of the business in 1887. He was a township trustee for twenty years, and is a Mason. Married: (1) in 1869, to Dora Stinson, who was born in Pickens County, and died December, 1882, daughter of James and Nancy (Cotton) Stinson; (2) in November, 1886, to Mary Archibald, a native of Pleasant Ridge, Greene County. Children, by first marriage: 1. Walter, b. in January, 1871, a graduate of Marion military institute, 1892; 2. Julia, b. in March, 1873, attended Judson college; 3. Lillie, b. in December, 1875, attended Judson college; 4. John R., jr., b. in January, 1877, attended Pickensville institute; 5. Drury, b. in July, 1881; by second marriage: 6. Annie, b. in January, 1889. Residence: Pickensville.  Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer

MILNER, JOHN COOPER of Vernon. Ala., was born May 28. 1868. at Georgiana. Butler county. Ala., and is the son of John Ashley and Sallie (Cooper) Milner, and the grandson of Pitt Sanders and Parmelia N. (Parler) Milner respectively of Barnesville. Ga.. and of Georgiana, Ala., and of Peter and Symantha (Moncrief) Cooper, of Cooper's Station. Ala. The Milner family came originally from England. One Captain John Milner, presumably an ancestor of John C. Milner. served in the CaroIinas in the War of the Revolution. John A. Milner, being a civil engineer, lived in various places in Alabama. During the War period he was employed by the Confederate Government in the manufacture of iron. John C. Milner, at various times, attended several schools in different parts of Alabama; also attended Moores' Business University in Atlanta, and in June, 1889, he graduated from the Law Department of the University of Alabama, and very soon thereafter he entered upon an active practice of law in Birmingham. He was county solicitor of Lamar county, Ala., 1891-1892, Mayor of Vernon, Ala.. 1895-1896. His only claim to Military service is that of having been a private in Co. "M" Alabama State Troops (as they were then called), in 1892-1894. He is a Democrat, and was Chairman of Campaign Committee of Lamar County. He was beat commissioner 1896-1898, delegate to most of the State conventions, member of State Executive Committee. 1906-1910, and a member of Congressional Executive Committee. 1906-1910. He joined the Methodist Episcopal Church. South, in 1882. and has been a steward in it continuously since 1896. He is a Mason; and Odd Fellow; and a member of the A. T. O. fraternity. He was married. June 29. 1892. at Vernon, Ala., to Adine Pearl Cobb, the daughter of Roland Wallace and Laura Chappel (Price) Cobb, and the granddaughter of Alexander Cobb, who was a member of the Alabama Legislature from Fayette county during the entire war period. 1801-1865, and was Judge of Probate of Lamar county from 1874 to the time of his death in December, 1887. Source: Alabama Official and Statistical Register - by Alabama Department of Archives and History. Compiled by Thomas M. Owen, LL. D., Director , Montgomery, Ala. THI Brown Printing Company 1911 - Transcribed and submitted by Veneta McKinney

PARMER, WALTER O., breeder of thoroughbred horses, etc.; born Greenville, Ala., Nov. 18, 1855; son of Dr. Clinton D. and Eleanor (Oliver) Parmer; Scotch-Irish descent; educate A. & M. College, Auburn, Ala., 1872-73; married Lizzie Dunklin Jan. 2, 1877; member Knights of Honor, K.P.’s, Hermitage and Big Lake and Windsor Clubs; Major 2 nd Ala. Regimental State Troops 1878-82; member Methodist church, P.O. address Nashville R.D.
Source: Who’s Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul & Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler

a prominent Lawyer, son of the Rev. Simon Peter and Mary E.(Arledge) Richardson, was born on the Island of Key West, Fla. April 18, 1851, and was educated at Auburn College, Summerfield Institute, and the Southern University, at Greensboro, Ala.  
      From 1870 to 1872 he gave his time to teaching. In the latter year he entered the law department of the Cumberland University, at Lebanon, Tenn., and graduated therefrom, as Bachelor of Laws, in 1873. In January, 1874, he located at Greenville, where he at once entered upon a successful practice in his chosen profession, and where he, at this writing (1888), is recognized as standing at the head of the Butler County bar. His practice is general, and extends largely throughout Central and Southern Alabama.
      He was elected to the State Senate in 1886-87, where, as a member of the joint committee of the House and Senate on the revision of the code of Alabama, he rendered much valuable service and proved himself entirely familiar with the needs and purposes of the undertaking, and was identified with the principal legislation of the session. Another writer very justly describes him as a man of quick and acute perception, possessed of a mind thoroughly trained and organized for the law which he loves for its own sake He is a most brilliant conversationalist, an extensive miscellaneous reader, an eloquent speaker and writer, and possessed of much dignity of character. "In an article devoted to the Senator, the Montgomery Advertiser says of him: " He is a source of pride and pleasure to his friends throughout the State. As a public man he has always been upright, honest and true, and his ability to fill the honorable position to which he has been called by the people of his district, is unquestioned and unquestionable."
      Mr. Richardson diversifies the duties of professional life to some extent by turning his attention occasionally to fruit culture, in which he has achieved decided success. Within his well-cultivated fields devoted to the purpose, he produces some remarkable results in horticulture and venticulture: his varieties of grapes are probably the finest in the State.
      A sort of modern ethics that seems to prevail in the treatment of popular living men in publications of this character confines us at times too much to a bare recital of well-known facts, leaving no room for the play of imagination or the display of any pyrotechnics in the eulogy of the worthiest of men. Thus, in the present instance, the publishers find themselves reduced to the presentation of the outlines of one of Alabama's most promising young men. As a mark of distinction and as a means of testifying to the high esteem in which Julius C. Richardson is held, the publishers take pleasure in prefacing this sketch with a handsome and life-like steel-plate portrait of that gentleman.
      Mr. Richardson was married in November 1874, at Greenville, to Miss Bettie McCall, the accomplished daughter of D. T. McCall, Esq. of that place, and has had born to him two children: Terry M. and Mack. (Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney)

RILEY, REV. B. F., D. D., the subject of this sketch is a native Alabamian. He was born near the village of Pineville, Monroe County, July 16, 1849. Reared in a country home far in the interior, his early scholastic advantages were meagre. His early years were chiefly spent laboring on his father's farm, with occasional alternations of attendance at a country school. At the age of eighteen he asked permission of his father to leave home, in order that he might secure an education. Going to Starlington, Butler County, he taught a primary school, where he made his first money. In his nineteenth year he went to Erskine College, S. C, and begged that he be taken on trial in the sophomore class. His training had been so defective that he found it difficult to retain his place in the class, but, overcoming all barriers, he pushed through and graduated in 1871. His original purpose was to prepare for the bar, but this idea he abandoned and chose the ministry instead. After the completion of his course at Erskine, he entered the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, then at Greenville, S. C, but his health had been so impaired by the taxation of his strength in his literary course, that he had to give up the prosecution of his theological studies. Returning to Alabama, he engaged in manual labor, in order to recuperate his strength for the further pursuit of his divinity course. After the lapse of a year or more he entered the Crozer Theological Seminary, near Philadelphia, and returned to Alabama in 1876. He has served as pastor of the Baptist Churches at Snow Hill and Opelika, Ala., and Albany, Ga. At present he is pastor at Livingston, Ala. In 1885 he was honored with the title of Doctor of Divinity by the State University. Dr. Riley's tastes are decidedly literary. He has accumulated an excellent library, and is a regular contributor to some of the leading journals of the country. He has written two small works - one a local history, the History of Conecuh County, Ala., and the Immigrants' and Capitalists' Guide-Book to Alabama. The latter work was purchased by the State for gratuitous distribution, and is used in the interest of immigration. Dr. Riley has other works in course of preparation, which will be issued as early as the exactions of his pastoral work will allow. Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney

STALLINGS, JESSIE F. prominent Attorney-at-law, Greenville, was born in Butler County, this State, April 4, 1855, and is a son of Robert and Lucinda (Ferguson) Stallings, of that county.
     Mr. Stallings' grandfathers were among the early settlers of Butler County, having settled there in 1818.
Mr. Stallings' father was a farmer, and his sons were brought up to that vocation. The subject of this sketch was educated at the Universities of Kentucky and Alabama, graduating from the last named institution in 1877. After teaching school one year he took up the study of law with Mr. J. C. Richardson, of Greenville, as his preceptor. It is proper to remark, however, that he had taken the law course at the Alabama University. He was admitted to the bar in 1879, and at once, in partnership with Mr. L. E. Brooks, entered upon the practice. This partnership was dissolved at the end of two years, and the present one, with Mr. C. L. Wilkerson, formed.
     Mr. Stalling was elected solicitor for the Second, or Montgomery District in May l887, for the term of six years. He was married in March 1885, at Eufaula, Ala., to Miss Ella McCallister, the accomplished daughter of A. M. McCallister, Esq., of that city. Mrs. Stallings died, leaving one child, and in 1887, Mr. Stallings was married to Miss Bessie McCallister, a sister of his former wife.  Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney
STANLEY, JAMES BERNEY Editor of the Greenville Advocate, was born in Hayneville, Lowndes County, Ala. August 9, 1845, and was the fourth son of Robert H. and Emma Stone Stanley. His father was a Carolinian of English parentage; his mother was a daughter of a British officer, and was born in Paris.
      His first work of which we have any record, is in connection with the Southern Messenger, a weekly paper printed at Greenville, his family having already removed to that place. He entered the office of this paper as an apprentice in 1853, and remained there for two years. He was then entered as a cadet of the Glennville Collegiate and Military Institution, but did not remain there but one session, when the whole college, aroused by Southern patriotism, entered the army in defense of the Southern Confederacy. The subject of this sketch joined the Seventeenth Alabama, and remained with it until the close of the war. Although he was in active service all the time, and witnessed some of the bloodiest of the fights, he was wounded in but one battle. On the memorable field of Franklin, Tenn., he received two severe wounds, which disabled him for several months.
     Immediately after the close of the war Mr. Stanley returned home, and in November, 1865, he commenced the publication of the Greenville Advocate. Day by day the paper grew more and more in the favor of the people, until today it is welcomed in thousands of families.
     Although he is a stanch Democrat, and has always been a strong advocate of the principles of his party, he is not particularly fond of politics, and has never shown any desire for office, though he has been sent by his county as a delegate to every State Convention since 1867, and in 1884 was elected by that convention as an alternate delegate from the State at large to the National Convention in Chicago, which nominated President Cleveland. He has held a number of important offices in various societies; three years ago he was elected Grand Vice-Dictator of Alabama, of Knights of Honor, and, probably, would have been Grand Director today, could he have attended the last session of the Grand Lodge.
     He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but is a man of views too broad to believe that there is but one church, and that all that is good and holy is in that church. As all earnest Christians should be, he is constantly striving to impress the minds of the young with the sacred teachings of the holy scriptures, and is rarely ever absent from the Sunday School, of which, until recently, he was superintendant.
     In May, 1882 on a steamboat on the Alabama River, the editors of the State almost unanimously elected him president of the Editors and Publishers' Association of Alabama. The members of the Press showed their appreciation of his abilities as an officer by re-electing him the succeeding three years by acclamation. He takes a great interest in the brotherhood, and does everything in his power to make each meeting of the Association as pleasant as possible. Two years ago he was appointed by the President of the National Press Association as a member of the National Executive Committee from Alabama, and at the meeting of that Association in Cincinnati last year he was retained in that position by election.
       The success of his paper and the noble qualities of his character, have won for him a wide reputation and given him rank among the journalists of the country.
      He was united in marriage to Miss Lulu Reid, December 7, 1867. His wife was indeed a help-mate, whose worth was only rivaled by her modesty.   Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney
STEINER, JOHN T. - Merchant and Banker, Greenville, son of Joseph and Margaret (Camp) Steiner, was born November 27, 1860, in Butler County, this State. From the common schools of Greenville, at the age of sixteen years, he entered Vanderbilt University, where he remained two years, and returned to Greenville and engaged with his father in the Greenville Bank, in the capacity of runner. From this initial step he rose rapidly to proficiency in the various departments of the banking business, and of late years has been the controlling element in the management of that institution. He is a member of the firms of Steiner & Sons, bankers; Steiner Bros. & Co., general merchants; J. H. Steiner & Co., hardware dealers; and the Steiner Hardware Company, the latter institution being at Decatur, Ala.
Mr. Steiner, in addition to his various enterprises, takes an active interest in politics, and is one of the solid workers of the Democratic party.
     He represented his party from Greenville as delegate to the convention that nominated Governor Seay in 1886, and afterward worked faithfully in the interest of the ticket. He is a member of the order of the Knights of Pythias, Knights of Honor, the American Legion of Honor, and is a lieutenant in the Greenville Light Guards.
     J. T. Steiner was married in July, 1881, to Miss Annie Dunklin, the accomplished daughter of J. H. Dunklin, of Greenville, and has had born to him three children: John, Lucile and Edith.  Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney
STEINER,  JOSEPH M - Merchant and Banker, Greenville, was born in Butler County, this State, in 1854, and is a son of Joseph and Margaret M. (Camp) Steiner.
     "Mr. Steiner was educated at the Common schools of Greenville, and was only fourteen years of age when he was engaged as a clerk in his father's cotton establishment, at Mobile. He remained at Mobile one year, and returned to Greenville, accepted a clerkship in the store of Dunklin & Steiner, was there until 1874, and was in that year admitted to partnership. In 1887, Governor Seay appointed him Treasurer of Butler County, to fill out the unexpired term, caused by the death of the recent incumbent of that office. He is, therefore, at this writing County Treasurer, and is also a member of the Greenville Board of Aldermen. His business relations may be summed up as follows: He is a member of the firm of Joseph Steiner & Sons, bankers, and J. M. Steiner & Co., hardware merchants, Greenville; Steiner Bros. & Co., general merchandise; Joseph Steiner & Sons, fertilizers, etc.; and the Steiner Hardware Company, Decatur, Ala.
Altogether, Mr. Steiner is one of the most active and successful business men (and he is a business man, to the exclusion of everything else except of his duties to the community as a good citizen,) in the state of Alabama. He was married at Greenville March 11, 1875 to Miss Ida, daughter of A. J. and Clara E. Hawthorne, of this city, and has had born to him four children: Bettie, Clara, Joseph, Aileen.
     Mr. Steiner is a member of the Greenville Light Guards, of the Knights of Pythias, Knights of Honor, and the I. O. O. F., in all of which organizations he has filled the various chairs.  Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney
STEINER,ROBERT E., prominent Attorney-at-law, Greenville, was born in Butler County, this State, May 9, 1862, and is a son of Joseph and Matilda M. (Camp) Steiner, of this place.
     From the age of five years to twenty-two, the subject of this sketch was almost continuously at school. He graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts from the State University (Alabama) when sixteen years of age, and, two years later, received from the same institution the degree of Master of Arts. In 1884 he graduated from the Law Department of Harvard University as a LLB; returned at once to Greenville and associated with the Hon. John K. Henry, entered at once upon the practice of law. Judge Henry died in 1886 and Mr. Steiner formed a partnership, as at present, with the Hon. J. C. Richardson. In 1886, he was elected to the Legislature and was made chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs, in which he performed much valuable service. Mr. Steiner has always taken much interest in State Military matters, and is at this writing holding the commission of major of the Second Reginient Alabama Troops.
     He is a member of the order of Knight of Phythias, of the Masonic fraternity, and of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. He devotes much of his time to church work, and in 1887, as lay delgate, represented the Union Springs District in the Alabama Conference. He is also a member of the board of stewards, and is one of the trustees of his church at Greenville.
     Major Steiner was married in December, 1884, to Miss May Flowers, the handsome and accomplished daughter of John J Flowers, Esq., of Butler County. Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney
STEINER, SAMUEL J., M. D -  Physician and Surgeon, Greenville, native of Butler County, this State, son of Joseph and Matilda M. Steiner, was born January 18th, 1857. At the age of thirteen years he was employed as a clerk in a drug store and remained there about five years. In 1876, he entered the literary department of the Vanderbilt University, Nashville, and graduated from the medical department of that institution as M. D. in 1878. Immediately upon receiving his diploma he returned to Greenville, and entered upon the practice of medicine.
     Dr. Steiner, though yet a young man, occuppies a high position in the estimation of the fraternity throughout the State. He was for some years Medical Examiner for the order of Knights of Pythias, and is now (1888) Examiner in Chief for the Equitable Life Insurance Company for the district of Butler and adjacent counties. He is a member of the firm of Joseph Steiner & Sons, bankers; Steiner Bros. & Co., merchants; J. M. Steiner & Co., hardware dealers; and of the Steiner Hardware Company. The two first named institutions are located at Greenville, and the others at Decatur, this State.
     The Doctor is a member of the order of the Knights of Pythias, the I. O. O. F., and of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. He was married at Greenville, September 25th, 1879, to Miss Lottie McCall, daughter of D. T. McCall, Esq., of this place.
      He was commissoned surgeon of Second Regiment, Alabama State Troops, 1863 and served in that capacity at the Battle of Birmingham and all the engagements of said Regiment. Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney
WAGSTER, WILLIAM, soldier of the American Revolution, age not given, and a resident of Butler County; private S. C. Continental Line; enrolled on July 16, 1819, under act of Congress of March 18, 1818; payment to date from July 5, 1819; annual allowance, $96; suspended under act May 1, 1820. Continued and transferred from Edgefield District, S. C., from January 22, 1829. — Revolutionary Pension Roll. in vol. xiv, Sen. Doc. 514, 23rd Cong., 1st sess., 1833-34.
Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer

WATTS, JOHN WADE, lawyer, was born August 30, 1846, in Butler County, and died April 5, 1913; son of Gov. Thomas Hill and Eliza B. (Allen) Watts. He was educated in the private schools of Montgomery, and graduated from the University of Virginia, B. L., 1867. He served on the body-guard of Gen. E. W. Rucker, C. S. Army, 1863; and on the staff of Gen. James H. Clanton, 1864, with the rank of captain. After the close of the War of Secession he practiced law in partnership with his father in Montgomery. He was a Democrat; and a Baptist. Married: June 5, 1872, to Nannie Ross Sanders, of Uniontown. Children: 1. Gabriella, deceased; 2. Sophia, secretary to commissioner of conservation; 3. John; 4. Madge, m. Gaston Scott; 5. Polly; 6. Annie Campbell, deceased; 7. Flournoy. Last residence: Montgomery.
Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer

WATTS, THOMAS HILL, lawyer, soldier, attorney-general, Confederate States of America, and governor of Alabama, was born January 3, 1819, in Butler County, about a mile from Fort Bibb and sixteen miles west of the present town of Greenville, and died September 16, 1892, in Montgomery; son of John Hughes and Prudence (Hill) Watts, the former a native of Fauquier County, Va., who came to Alabama in 1819, later becoming prominent planters, the latter of Clarke County, Ga.; grandson of Thomas Watts of Virginia, who served in the Revolutionary War under John Marshall, later chief justice of the supreme court of the United States and of Thomas Hill, of Clarke County, Ga. He was of Welsh and English descent. Governor Watts was educated in the schools of Butler County and at Airy Mount academy, Dallas County; and at the University of Virginia, where he graduated in 1840, with honors. Though just out of college, he took an active part in the presidential campaign of 1840, supporting Harrison against Van Buren. In 1841, he was admitted to the bar at Greenville, remaining there until 1847 when he removed to Montgomery. He represented Butler in the legislature of 1842, 1844 and 1845. In 1848 he was an elector at large for General Taylor. In 1849 he was elected to the lower house from Montgomery County, and in 1853 State senator from Montgomery and Autauga Counties. He was the "Know Nothing" candidate for congress in 1856, but was defeated. In 1860 he supported Bell and Everett. He was what was called a Union man, but with the election of Lincoln on a purely sectional platform, he changed his ideas and became a Secessionist and was elected to the convention of 1861, with William L. Yancey representing Montgomery County. He became chairman of the judiciary committee and exerted much infiuence in the convention. He maintained "that the power of the convention to interfere with the constitution was confined to such changes as were necessary to the perfect accomplishment of secession." Fleming says "Foreseeing war, Watts proposed that the general assembly be given power to confiscate the property of alien enemies, and also to suspend the collection of debts due to alien enemies." In 1861 he received a fiattering vote for governor, but was defeated by John Gill Shorter. Upon the opening of hostilities he organized the 17th Alabama infantry regiment, C. S. Army, and became its colonel. He saw service with this organization at Pensacola, Fla., and Corinth, Miss., while in command of his regiment at Corinth, President Davis selected him as attorney-general for the Confederate government. This honor was wholly unsolicited on his part. However, he immediately resigned his command and proceeded to Richmond, where he took the oath of office on April 9, 1862. Against his wishes he was elected governor of Alabama in August, 1862, filling this position from December, 1863, to the spring of 1865, the most trying period through which the State has ever passed. It was during his term that the clash between the state militia and conscription officers occurred, and the meeting of southern governors to remonstrate against the Confederate government's restriction of trade was held. In the spring of 1865, Governor Watts, calling on the people to renew their efforts against the invader, said in the New York Times, April 4, 1865, "we hold more territory than a year ago, more of Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas. Georgia is overrun but is ready to rise. Our financial condition is better than four years ago. Arms, commissary and quartermaster's stores are more abundant now." Soon after the collapse of the Confederate government, Governors Shorter and Watts were taken prisoners and confined in northern prisons. Upon his return to Alabama he opened law offices in Montgomery. He had formerly been associated in the practice with Jefferson F. Jackson, afterwards U. S. district attorney for the southern district, Thomas J. Judge and D. S. Troy. Before the war he had accumulated a comfortable fortune, but with the cessation of hostilities the Federal troops destroyed all his property, and he was left a poor man, having to begin again to build up his property. In June, 1872, he was one of the counsel for the defense in the case of the United States vs. Smith, Pyland and Bozeman, one of the Ku Klux cases. His speech before the jury was considered to be the cause of the mistrial. Governor Watts never held office again with the exception of 1880-81, when he represented Montgomery 1733 County in the legislature. However he never ceased to be active in politics. In 1868, upon his pardon by President Johnson, he supported Seymour and Blair. In 1872 he urged the people to support Horace Greeley, because of his considerate treatment of President Davis. He supported Tilden for the presidency in 1876; Hancock in 1880; and Cleveland in 1884, 1888 and 1892. He was in 1889-90 president of the Alabama bar association. He was formerly a Whig, but from 1868 acted with the Democratic party. He was a prominent member of the Baptist church and contributed very liberally of his means to its support. Married: (1) January 10, 1842, to Eliza B. Allen, of Montgomery, daughter of Wade and Eliza (Sayre) Allen ; (2) September, 1875, to Mrs. Ellen (Noyes) Jackson, widow of one of his former partners, Jefferson F. Jackson. Children: by first wife, 1. John Wade, m. Nannie Ross Sanders; 2. Thomas Henry, m. Johness Bealle Eddins; 3. Florence, m. Col. Daniel S. Troy; 4. Catherine, m. Capt. Robert Collins; 5. Alice, m. Alex Troy ; 6. Minnie Garrett, uritn. Last residence: Montgomery. 
Source: History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, By Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen, Published by The S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1921; Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer


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