county map

Alabama County Names

County Alm Houses - 1910

Alabama became a state in 1819; before then, it was a part of the Mississippi Territory

County Name

Date Established

Origin of Name

County Seat

Autauga

November 21, 1818

American Indian Village of Atagi

Prattville

Baine, see Etowah

December 7, 1866

Gen. David W. Baine, CSA

Gadsden

Baldwin

December 21, 1809

Sen. Abraham Baldwin/GA

Bay Minette

Baker, see Chilton

December 30, 1868

Alfred Baker

Grantville

Barbour

December 18, 1832

Gov. James Barbour/VA

Clayton

Benton, see Calhoun

December 18, 1832

U.S. Sen. Thomas Hart Benton/MO

Jacksonville

Bibb

February 7, 1818

Gov. William W. Bibb

Centreville

Blount

February 6, 1818

Gov. Willie G. Blount/TN

Oneonta

Bullock

December 5, 1866

Col. Edward C. Bullock

Union Springs

Butler

December 13, 1819

Capt. William Butler/Creek Wars

Greenville

Cahawba, see Bibb

February 7, 1818

Cahawba River, from the Choctaw for "water above"

Cahawba

Calhoun

December 18, 1832

Sen. John C. Calhoun/SC

Anniston

Chambers

December 18, 1832

Sen. Henry C. Chambers/AL

Lafayette

Cherokee

January 9, 1836

American Indian Tribe

Centre

Chilton

December 30, 1868

Confederate Cong. Wm. P. Chilton

Clanton

Choctaw

December 29, 1847

American Indian Tribe

Butler

Clarke

December 10, 1812

Gen. John Clarke/GA

Grove Hill

Clay

December 7, 1866

Sen. Henry Clay/KY

Ashland

Cleburne

December 6, 1866

Major Gen. Patrick Cleburne/AR

Heflin

Coffee

December 29, 1841

Gen. John Coffee

Elba

Colbert

February 6, 1867

Chiefs George & Levi Colbert

Tuscumbia

Conecuh

February 13, 1818

American Indian word

Evergreen

Coosa

December 18, 1832

Town of Alabama Indians

Rockford

Cotaco; see Morgan

February 8, 1818

Cotaco Creek

Somerville

Covington

December 17, 1821

Brig. Gen. Leonard Covington/MD

Andalusia

Crenshaw

November 30, 1866

Judge Anderson Crenshaw

Luverne

Cullman

January 24, 1877

Johann G. Cullmann

Cullman

Dale

December 22, 1824

Gen. Samuel Dale

Ozark

Dallas

February 9, 1818

A.J. Dallas, US Sec. of Treasury/PA

Selma

Decatur

December 7, 1821

Commodore Stephen Decatur

Woodville

DeKalb

January 9, 1836

Major Gen. Baron DeKalb/Am. Rev.

Fort Payne

Elmore

February 15, 1866

Gen. John A. Elmore

Wetumpka

Escambia

December 10, 1868

American Indian name/river

Brewton

Etowah

December 7, 1866

Cherokee Indian name

Gadsden

Fayette

December 20, 1824

Marquis de LaFayette

Fayette

Franklin

February 6, 1818

Benjamin Franklin

Russellville

Geneva

December 26, 1868

Geneva, Switzerland

Geneva

Greene

December 13, 1819

Gen. Nathaniel Greene/GA

Eutaw

Hale

January 30, 1867

Col. Stephen F. Hale

Greensboro

Hancock, see
Winston

February 12, 1850

Gov. John Hancock/MA

Double Springs

Henry

December 13, 1819

Gov. Patrick Henry/VA

Abbeville

Houston

February 9, 1903

Gov. George S. Houston

Dothan

Jackson

December 13, 1819

Gen. Andrew Jackson

Scottsboro

Jefferson

December 13, 1819

Pres. Thomas Jefferson

Birmingham

Jones, see Lamar

February 4, 1867

E. P. Jones/Fayette County

Vernon

Lamar

February 4, 1867

Sen. L.Q.C. Lamar/MS

Vernon

Lauderdale

February 6, 1818

Col. James Lauderdale/TN

Florence

Lawrence

February 6, 1818

Capt. J. Lawrence, USN/VT

Moulton

Lee

December 5, 1866

Gen. Robert E. Lee

Opelika

Limestone

February 6, 1818

Limestone Creek

Athens

Lowndes

January 20, 1830

Cong. William Lowndes/SC

Hayneville

Macon

December 18, 1832

Sen. Nathaniel Macon/NC

Tuskegee

Madison

December 13, 1808

Pres. James Madison

Huntsville

Marengo

February 6, 1818

French battlefield

Linden

Marion

February 13, 1818

Gen. Francis Marion/SC

Hamilton

Marshall

January 9, 1836

Chief Justice John Marshall

Guntersville

Mobile

December 18, 1812

Named for Maubila Indians

Mobile

Monroe

June 29, 1815

Pres. James Monroe

Monroeville

Montgomery

December 6, 1816

Major L.P. Montgomery/TN

Montgomery

Morgan

February 6, 1818

Gen. Daniel Morgan/VA

Decatur

Perry

December 13, 1819

Commodore O.H. Perry/RI

Marion

Pickens

December 20, 1820

Gen. Andrew Pickens/SC

Carrollton

Pike

December 17, 1821

Gen. Zebulon M. Pike/NJ

Troy

Randolph

December 18, 1832

Sen. John Randolph/VA

Wedowee

Russell

December 18, 1832

Col. Gilbert C. Russell/Creek Wars

Phenix City

Sanford, see Lamar

February 4, 1867

H. C. Sanford/Cherokee County

Vernon

St. Clair

November 20, 1818

Gen. Arthur St. Clair/PA

Ashville

Shelby

February 7, 1818

Gov. Isaac Shelby/KY

Columbiana

Sumter

December 18, 1832

Gen. Thomas Sumter/SC

Livingston

Talladega

December 18, 1832

Town of Creek Indians

Talladega

Tallapoosa

December 18, 1832

American Indian name

Dadeville

Tuscaloosa

February 6, 1818

Chief Tuscaloosa

Tuscaloosa

Walker

December 26, 1823

Sen. John W. Walker

Jasper

Washington

June 4, 1800

Pres. George Washington

Chatom

Wilcox

December 13, 1819

Lt. J.M. Wilcox/Creek Wars

Camden

Winston

February 12, 1850

Gov. John A. Winston

Double Springs

"Extinct Counties"

Baine County

This county was discontinued in 1867, and the land incorporated into Etowah County in 1868.

Baker County

This county was created in 1868. The name was changed to Chilton County in 1874.

Benton County

Created in 1832, its name was changed to Calhoun County on 29 January 1858.

Cabela County

This county was created in 1818. The name was changed to Bibb County two years later.

Cotaco County

Created in 1818 and named for a local Indian chief, it was renamed Morgan County in 1821

Hancock County

Formed in 1850, it's name was changed to Winston in 1858.
Jones County - This county was created on 4 February 1867. It was abolished on 3 November 1867. Almost a year later, on 8 October 1868, Sanford County was created from what had been Jones County. In 1877, the name was changed to Lamar County

Sanford County

Established on 8 October 1868, Sanford County was created from what had been Jones County. In 1877, the name was changed to Lamar County

SOURCES:
Alabama Department of Archives and History. Alabama State Emblems, n.d.
Alabama Department of Archives and History. Official and Statistical Register, 1979.
Rogers, William Warren et al. Alabama: The History of a Deep South State, 1994.

Alabama Almshouses Index in 1910

 

Autauga County Almshouse, Booth.

Barbour County Almshouse, Clayton.

Bibb County Almshouse, Centerville.

Blount County Almshouse, Oneonta.

Bullock County Poorhouse, Union Springs.

Butler County Poorhouse, Greenville.

Calhoun County Almshouse, Jacksonville.

Cherokee County Almshouse, Center.

Chilton County Poorhouse, Clanton.

Choctaw County Almshouse, Butler.

Clarke County Poorhouse, Grove Hill.

Clay County Poorhouse, Ashland.

Cleburne County Paupers Home, Edwardsville.

Coffee County Almshouse, Elba.

Colbert County Almshouse, Littleville.

Coosa County Poorhouse, Rockford.

Covington County Poor Farm, Andalusia.

Crenshaw County Poorhouse, Luverne.

Cullman County Pauper Farm, Cullman.

Dallas County Old Folks Home, Selma.

Elmore County Poorhouse, Wetumpka.

Etowah County Farm, Gadsden.

Fayette County Paupers Home, Fayette.

Franklin County Poorhouse, Belgreen.

Geneva County Poorhouse, Geneva.

Greene County Poorhouse, Knoxville.

Hale County Poorhouse, Greensboro.

Henry County Poorhouse, Abbeville.

Jackson County Poorhouse, Scottsboro.

Jefferson County Almshouse, Woodlawn.

Lamar County Almshouse, Vernon.

Lauderdale County Farm, Florence.

Lawrence County Almshouse, Moulton.

Lee County Paupers Home, Opelika.

Limestone County Poorhouse, Athens.

Lowndes County Poorhouse, Letohatchee.

Macon County Poorhouse, Tuskegee.

Madison County Almshouse, New Market.

Marengo County Almshouse, Linden.

Marion County Almshouse, Hamilton.

Marshall County Almshouse, Guntersville.

Mobile County Asylum for the Poor, Mobile.

Montgomery County Poorhouse, Montgomery.

Morgan County Poorhouse, Hartsells.

Perry County Almshouse, Marion.

Pickens County Almshouse, Carrollton.

Pike County Hospital, Troy.

Randolph County Pauper Farm, Wedowee.

Russell County Almshouse, Seale.

St. Clair County Poorhouse, Ashville.

Sumter County Almshouse, Livingston.

Talladega County Poorhouse, Talladega.

Tallapoosa County Poorhouse, Dadeville.

Tuscaloosa County Almshouse, Tuscaloosa.

Washington County Poorhouse, Bigbee.

Wilcox County Poorhouse, Camden.

 

[Paupers in Almshouses, 1910, transcribed by Cathy Danielson]

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