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Crenshaw County


Water Mills for Crenshaw County in 1886

An Early History of Crenshaw County by Joe Sport - 1957

Crenshsaw County - From Northern Alabama by Smith and DeLand 1888


An Early History of Crenshaw County
by Joe R. Sport, 1957

Transcribed by K. Torp

[Transcriber's Note: Some really obvious typos found in the original have been corrected - otherwise, all other spellings were maintained]

Chapter I
History of The Formation of Crenshaw County

Crenshaw County, located in south central Alabama in that section of the state known as the timber belt, is a relatively new county. It has been termed a "Reconstruction County" as it was created by a legislative act on November 24, 1866.
It was through the efforts of William H. Chapman, a representative to the state legislature from Covington County in 1866-7, that the act which permitted parts of Butler, Pike, Coffee, Lowndes, and Covington Counties to be taken and used in the formation of Crenshaw County was passed. Chapman introduced the measure for the creation of the county and vigorously supported it in the state legislature until it was approved.

Chapman himself moved to Crenshaw shortly after it became a county and studied medicine in Rutledge. After receiving his medical license he moved to Leon in the southern part of the county where he practiced medicine for a number of years before moving to Coffee County near Elba where he died.

The act of establishment of the county, named Felix Jordan, George W. Thaggard, Thomas Mahone, J. D. Chapman, and Adam Benhow as Commissioners to hold an election for county officials and county seat on the first Monday in March 1867.

Two places, Barber's Cross Roads and Fuller's Cross Roads were voted upon to decide which would be selected as the site of the county seat. Barber's Cross Roads received the greater number of votes, and was thus declared the county seat. The name of the village was changed to Rutledge, being named in honor of Captain Henry Rutledge, Commanding officer of Company C, 59th Alabama Infantry, who gave his life for the confederacy at Drewry's Bluff.

The first county officials to be elected were George W. Thaggard, Probate Judge; John R. Snow, Sheriff; Francis Cody, Circuit Clerk ; W. T. Massey, Tax Assessor; James M. Lawerence, Tax Collector.

A. N. Northey was the first senator to represent the county in the state legislature in 1868. He was followed the same year by William Mastin, the first senator the people of the county voted for since becoming citizens of a new county, who represented the county until 1870. In this year W. P. Calloway was elected as senator and in 1871 he became the first citizen of the county to be elected to the state legislature as representative, serving a two year term in 1871-2.

Crenshaw, after becoming a county in 1866, was involved in its first state constitutional convention in 1867. She sent as her representative the capable James H. Howard.

On May 11, 1893 , after a popular election in which the change was approved, the county seat of Crenshaw was moved from Rutledge to the new and enterprising town of Luverne.

Luverne, later to become the leading town of the county, is located in the central part of the county on the Patsaliga River near the site of an old Indian village. The land where the town was built was at one time part of the Cody plantation. Luverne was named after the wife of M. P. LeGrand of Montgomery who had purchased land in the county for a railroad. In 1888 the Luverne Land Company was organized by S. D. Hubbard, M.P. LeGrand, and George A, Folmar, J. O. Sentell surveyed the land and made a plot laying out the streets for the town. Following this in 1889 the town was incorporated under the laws of Alabama. An election was held the same year in which J. O. Sentell was elected the town's first mayor. The councilmen elected were Dr. J. R. Horn, G. W. Pope, G. A. Folmar, and G. F. Kirkpatrick. The city clerk was R. P. Fundaburk, and the Marshall was G. W.Turner.

The county of Crenshaw was named after the Honorable Judge Anderson Crenshaw of Butler county. Judge Crenshaw was born in South Carolina in 1776, spending his early years there, and attending South Carolina College where he was the first student to graduate. While still a young man Judge Crenshaw came to the one time state capital of Alabama, Cahaba. He remained there for a number of years in which time he spent twelve years as a member of the Alabama Supreme Court. Leaving Cahaba Judge Crenshaw then settled in Butler County where he became famous for his just interpretations of the law. Always a fair and respected individual, Judge Crenshaw was honored in 1866 by the people who remembered him and named Crenshaw County after him.

Chapter 2
Early History and Early Settlers of The County

The early history of Crenshaw county dates back prior to 1814 when that territory which now forms the county was a part of the Creek Indian Confederacy. This land was used mostly be Indians as hunting ground where they found an abundance of wild game, especially deer, and turkey. Fish in the numerous streams were also plentiful.

There have been many Indian remains found in the county, especially along the banks of its streams.. Camp sites have been found in several locations, but the only remains of a permanent village site to be found in the county were found on the H.N. McLeod plantation about two miles northwest of the present town of Glenwood.

After the defeat of the Creek Indians at the hands of General Andrew Jackson the territory which included Crenshaw county was ceded to the United States by the Creek Indian Confederation in a treaty signed at Fort Toulouse on August 9, 1814. Following this the land became a part of the Mississippi Territory and remained in this capacity until 1817 at which time Alabama was designated a territory. After Alabama achieved statehood in 1819 the territory which now forms Crenshaw county was divided between several of the surrounding counties until the legislative act creating the county was passed in 1866.

Of historical significance to the county is the Old Three Notch Trail, a military road which was to be used by General Jackson's troops. This road cut across the lower portion of the county near the present site of Dozier. Also in the northern portion of the county, passing near Honoraville, was The Merriweather Trail which is believed to have been a road leading from Greenville to Georgia which was used by military troops and early settlers.
In Crenshaw county is to be found one of the purest stocks of English, Irish, and Scotch descendants to be found anywhere in the United States. The people who settled the county were direct descendants of the settlers of the original thirteen colonies. Most of them came from South Carolina and Georgia settling first in other sections of the state and later removing to Crenshaw county.

The rest of this chapter is to be given to a discussion and biographical sketches of the earliest families to have settled in Crenshaw county. As will be pointed out, many of them came when the land was still a wilderness inhabited by red men and wild beasts.

Probably the first man to settle in the county was Francis Daniel, who with his wife came to Crenshaw from their former home in Montgomery county shortly after 1820. Mr. Daniel and his wife settled near the present site of Honoraville where he improved a farm and engaged in his occupation as a planter. At the time of their settlement this part of the county was nothing but a wilderness filled with Indians and wild animals. Mr. Daniel, however, was friendly toward the Indians and found trading with them to be very profitable for him and his wife who were miles from any of their own people.

Settling in another portion of the county shortly after Francis Daniel settled near Honoraville was John Cody who was the first to settle near the present location of the county seat. Luverne. Mr. Cody was, in fact, one of the earliest settlers of the state. He came to Pike county at a very early date, and about 1825 he and his wife removed to Crenshaw county where he had cleared a farm and made a home for them. His son, Francis Cody, who later became the first circuit clerk of the county, was born here in l829.

Shortly after John Cody settled near Luverne, Richard Whitehead Horn settled at what was later to become known as New Providence which is located near Glenwood. Mr. Horn and his wife came here in 1826 when the nearest neighbors were miles away, he and his newly wed wife were surrounded by wild beasts and savages, but here in the forest Mr. Horn set to work to build them a home, and to surround it with the comforts of life. Fish and game were plentiful and a supply could be obtained almost any time from the Indians in exchange for a few ears of corn. Trading with the Indians became very important to the Horns, and many times when Mr. Horn was away at work his wife would be startled to find a savage in the house, face painted and armed, squabbling in his native language. Over his shoulder he would have a wild turkey or string of fish. By holding up the number of fingers he would indicate to her how many ears of corn he wanted in exchange, for his prize, Here on their farm near the Conecuh River the Horns remained until their death at ripe old ages.

Another pioneer of the county who settled in the western part of the county near the Butler county line was Joseph Ellington. Mr. Ellington settled in this region when the only other inhabitants were Indians, black bears, wolves, and wild animals. He improved a farm here and pursued his chief occupation as a planter. Mr. Ellington also did quite a bit of trading with the Indians in his vicinity.

Following Joseph Ellington's settlement in the Western part of the county John Bradley settled near the present site of the Bradyleton post office in 1828. Here he improved a farm and engaged in planting. John Bradley and his descendants played a very important role in the development of this section of the county.

Also coming to the Bradleyton and Helicon area in 1828 was Leon Thrower who improved a farm adjoining the Bradley farm. Mr. Thrower is the father of Dr. Stephen S. Thrower, who was born and reared on his father's farm, and later became one of the best known men in the medical profession in Crenshaw county.

Following the Bradyleton settlement came the settlement of the Leon community by the Merrills. In the winter of 1829-30 Jacob Merrill cleared and improved a farm near this community. At about the same time his brother, William Merrill, came to the community, and here in the wilderness near Patsaliga River the brothers improved vast farmlands. Indians were numerous in their area at the time of their settlement and the brothers being friendly with them engaged in Indian trading as a sideline to their occupations as planter.

Following these early settlements in the county during the decade 1820-30 settlers continued to pour into areas until by 1870 the population of the county was 8950 whites, and 2206 Negroes, giving a total population of over 11,000.

Some of the other families to come to the county at early dates following 1830 were the Finleys, Hawkins, Rhoutons, Baxters, Moodys, Brunsons, Benbows, Fonvilles, Knights, Walkers, Moxleys, Morgans, Pendreys, Lowmans, and Rutledges.

To all the families I have mentioned and the others that I am positive I have not uncovered does the credit for pioneering and developing what is now Crenshaw County.

Slavery and The Civil War

Slavery in Crenshaw County did not flourish as it did in the black belt counties and other sections of the state. There were a few slaves and slaveowners in the county especially in the central and northern part of the county, but in the southern portion very few slaves were found, The greater number of slaves were found in that section of the county known at that time as the Rocky Mount District of Lowndes County.

The largest number of slaves owned by any one family in the county in 1850 was thirty-five owned by a Webb family in the extreme northern section of the county. A Tanner family also of this section of the county in 1850 owned twenty-one slaves, and the Saulter family near Luverne owned twenty slaves during this same year.

Other slave owning families of the county were the Perdues, Rhoutons, Summerlands, Jordans, Stringers, Codys, Daniels, and the Ellingtons.

Lance Kendrick, a slave of a Kendrick family, is still living and at present is residing near Brantley. Lance, who adopted the sir name of his slaveowner is believed to be in the neighborhood of 115 years of age and is still able to give some vivid accounts of his days as a slave.
Since there were so few slave owners in the county many of its residents were against secession, but when their state seceded from the union they were loyal to it and supported the cause of the Confederacy. (*Lance Kendrick died after this article was written.)

With the call for volunteers by President Jefferson Davis of the Confederate States of America the men of Crenshaw County responded in numbers. Almost every family name in the county was represented in the Confederate army.

The following paragraphs are composed of biographical sketches of soldiers from Crenshaw county who served valiently in the army of the Confederacy; many of them giving their lives for a cause they thought to be just.

JOHN D. B(?)AILY served in Company B of the 14th Alabama Infantry in Virginia under Lee's command. He was wounded twice; once at Fredericksburg, and again at Gettysburg. He was with Lee at Appomattox when he surrendered to Grant.

BENJAMIN R. BRICKEN had his first taste of war as a very young boy serving in a company organized in Virginia to meet the raiders of Dahlgren. Being too young to enlist in the regular army young Ben ran away from home and enlisted without his father's consent in the 46th Alabama Infantry under General Pettus. He fought at Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, throughout the state of Georgia, and was in the trenches at Atlanta. After Atlanta he was with General Hood in North Alabama and Georgia. He was discharged just before the end of the war when his father discovered his whereabouts and requested he be sent home.

DR. WILLIAM T. BURGAMY joined Company B of the 13th Alabama Infantry and served about eight months in the army of Virginia. He later served as a lieutenant in Hilliard's Legion for a short time and was discharged because of ill health. In 1864, he reentered the army and served in North Alabama until the close of the war.

FRANCIS CODY joined Hilliard's Legion in May 1862 and was in the Kentucky Raid when he lost his health and was discharged in 1863 at Knoxville. He remained home a few months and then re-enlisted in Loves Calvary, but was again discharged because of bad health. After this he again tried to enlist in the 17th Alabama Infantry but was turned down because of his health. Francis Cody had four brothers to serve in the war; one, George W. of Company C, 59th Alabama Infantry, died at Knoxville a few months after he entered service; another, Martin McComb served in the South Carolina Command while Colombus Jefferson served as a lieutenant in the 17th Alabama Infantry and Jackson Van Buren served in the same unit from May 1861 until the close of the war in 1865. A brother-in-law of Francis Cody, William P. Harbin, saw service with the 59th Alabama Infantry for many months during the war.

THOMAS F. DANIEL served in the State Troops during the Civil War and operated in the Pensacola and Gulf Coast areas. He had two brothers, Elisha J. who was in service throughout the war, and Moses F. who was killed at the battle of Drewry's Bluff.

RANSOM L. DAVIS served in Company A, 17th Alabama Infantry as a private soldier. He began operations in the Pensacola area, but later moved to Tennessee where he participated in the Battle of Shiloh. He was captured at Shiloh, but was later released through a prisoner of war exchange and rejoined his command which was then in the Mobile area. He later fought in Johnston and Hood's armies in Georgia and was in the battle at Atlanta. Leaving Atlanta he fought with General Hood in Tennessee and was again captured at Nashville. He remained a prisoner of war until after the close of the war. Ransom had two brothers to serve in the Confederate Army. One, Thomas, gave his life in the way, and the other, James fought numerous engagements with the army of Tennessee.

DR. EDWARD P. DYER was in Company E, 56th Alabama Infantry, but was thrown from his horse early in the war receiving injuries that resulted in a discharge from service.

J. M. ELLINGTON served in Company K, 17th Alabama Infantry for two years at Mobile. He later was removed to Tennessee and fought under Johnston and Hood to Atlanta.

JOHN C. FONVILLE served at the beginning of the war as first sergeant of Company B, 14th Alabama Infantry. He enlisted in this unit in 1861 in Auburn and was discharged in October of the same year. He later reenlisted and served in Ferguson's Brigade in Tennessee and North Alabama. He was in the battle of Atlanta and later with Presidents Davis' calvary escort which surrendered along with the president at Washington, Georgia. John's brother, Frederick Gibson, a lieutenant and adjutant of his unit, served in Company B of the 14th Alabama Infantry and was killed in an explosion at Petersburg. Another brother, Dr. James B. was in the 17th Alabama Infantry and was captured at Atlanta. He remained a prisoner of war until after the close of the war in l865.

NOAH J. GANEY served in Company E 56th Alabama Infantry Calvary. He fought in numerous engagements in Mississippi and was involved in several skirmishes against Sherman's army in his advance from Vicksburg to Chattanooga. He was under General Joseph Wheeler in Georgia and the Carolinas and fought several skirmishes with this calvary unit. At the close of the war Mr. Ganey was with the calvary escort of President Davis when he came south from Richmond. When the treasury fund of the Confederacy was divided by President Davis in Georgia, he received for his services a twenty dollar gold piece and five Mexican silver dollars.

JOHN W. HOLLOWAY served in Company E, 32nd Tennessee Infantry. He was in General Bragg's command in Tennessee and was wounded in the Battle of Chickamauga.

OLIVER W. HORN, a lifetime resident of Crenshaw County enlisted in Company E, 56th Infantry Regiment, C. S. A.., 1861, and served until Lee's surrender. He was one of eight brothers in service in the Confederate Army, all sons of Richard W. Horn of New Providence.

MELVIN JETER enlisted in John C. Brannan's Alabama company of independent scouts. He served in this category until 1864, when he was detailed as a special scout serving under both General Maury and General Forest. When the war ended Mr. Jeter was on detail in charge of a wagon train which he surrendered at Campbellton, Florida.

DR. J.E. KENDRICK did not participate in any engagements with the enemy during the war. He was a cadet at the University of Alabama for two years during this period by appointment of Governor Watts.

LAWRENCE S. KNIGHT enlisted at the age of fifteen in Company K, 17th. Alabama Infantry. He fought in the battle at Shiloh and continued fighting with Johnston's army from Resasa down Kenesaw Mountain where he was wounded and lost his left arm, thus ending his military career. Lawrence had two brothers to serve in the Confederate Army in Hilliard's Legion. One, Charles P., who was wounded once and fought in several engagements during the war, and the other, Franklin, who was killed at Appomattox on the morning of Lee's surrender.

JOHN F. LOWMAN served in Company C, 37th Alabama Infantry with the rank of Sargeant. He was engaged in the battles at Corinth and Shiloh, the siege of Vicksburg, the battle at Lookout Mountain, and the Battle at Missionary Ridge, and the battle at Atlanta. At the Siege of Vicksburg Mr. Lowman was taken prisoner, but was later released in a prisoner of war exchange and, immediately rejoined his command. He was with General J. E. Johnston when he surrendered his army at Greensboro, North Carolina.

FREDRICK C. MCDONALD served in Company C, 29th Alabama Infantry in Tennessee and Georgia. He was taken prisoner at Nashville and remained in that capacity until after the close of the war in 1865.

THOMAS L. MERRILL served in Company C, 37th Alabama Infantry at the Siege of Vicksburg, and later at Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. He was with Johnston and Hood in Georgia, and surrendered with Johnston in North Carolina. He had two brothers, Green B. and Henry, who served in the Confederate Army. Green B. served with the 37th Alabama Infantry throughout the war and Henry a lieutenant in Company C of the 37th Alabama Infantry died at Columbus, Mississippi, in 1862.

WILLIAM J. MERRILL served in Company F, 1st Alabama Calvary in South Carolina. He had a brother, James T., who served in the same unit and was once wounded and another brother, Jacob P., also once wounded, was a private soldier in the 37th Alabama Infantry.

DR. DANIEL N. MOXLEY served as a captain, and commanding officer of Company B, 25th Alabama Infantry. He fought in both the battle at Shiloh and at Corinth. Shortly after these battles he was discharged because of bad health.

JAMES P. PENDREY served in Company A, 6th Alabama Calvary. He fought with Hood in all his engagements in Tennessee, and was with General Forest when he surrendered at Meridan.

DR. THOMAS L. QUILLIAN served in Company I, 1st Alabama Calvary for a short time, and was then transferred to Company H, 59th I Alabama Infantry. He fought at Chicamauga, Knoxville, and later with General Longstreet's corps in Virginia. He was captured three days before Lee's surrender and later released. His brother, Dudey A. Rutledge was a sergeant in the 59th Alabama Infantry. He fought in the Battle of Chickamauga, Dewry's Bluff, and at Petersburg. Dudley was wounded at Dewrys Bluff and age in at Hatchet Run. At the close of the war he was confined to a hospital in Richmond.

GEORGE A. SANDERS served in Company I, 46 th Alabama Infantry; fighting in Mississippi against Grant and Sherman and later with Hood in Tennessee. He became seriously ill while near the close of the war he returned to his home.

JOSEPH A. SIKES joined the Confederate Army at the age of sixteen. He was in several engagements in Tennessee and was later in Mobile area. His brother, Captain John H. Sikes, commanding officer of a company in a Florida regiment, was killed in Virginia in 1863.

DR. STEPHEN S. THOROWER, along with five brothers served in the army of the Confederacy during the Civil War. Dr. Thorower was a sergeant in the 14th Artillery of Hilliard's Legion. He was in the East Tennessee until after the Battle of Chickamauga, and then went to Virginia where he was wounded and taken prisoner of Petersburg on April 3, 1865. One brother James, served in the 14th Alabama Infantry and died at Richmond in 1862. Another brother, Benjamin F., one of the 1st brothers of Dr. Thorower were all killed at Shiloh. The other three, William M., who served in Hilliard's Legion, was captured at Richmond in 1864. Startling J., a sergeant in Hilliard's Legion, was captured at Hatcher's Run, and George W., who served in the 59th Alabama Infantry, was also captured at Hatchet's Run.

WILLIAM C. WALKER served in the 1st Alabama Artillery and a was captured at Fort Morgan where he died while still a prisoner of war. One brother, William H., served in the Army of Virginia while another, F.L., served in the State Troops at Pensacola for a short time.

JOHN C. WHITE was a sergeant in Company C, 46th Alabama Infantry. He was in numerous skirmishes in Tennessee and Mississippi and was captured at Vicksburg. He was released in a prisoner of war exchange, and later fought at Missionary, Ridge and numerous other engagements from Dalton to Atlanta. He was with General Johnston when he surrendered his army at Greensboro, North Carolina.

There were no major battles or small skirmishes fought in Crenshaw County during the Civil War although Union troops did pass through that portion of the county near the present site of Honoraville. However, they did not do any damage side from raiding pantries and smoke houses.

One incident of Federal troops passing through this part of the county was related by Mr. (sic) J.N. Pollard, grand-daughter of William Rhouton. It was told to her by her older relatives that Union soldiers passed through this particular area and visited the home of her grandfather, raiding his smokehouse and carrying off all of the cured meat except that portion which they were fortunate enough to hide before the arrival of the Federals.
Aside from this small filtration of the county by the Union soldiers there were no other incidents of them entering the county during the war. The residents of Crenshaw county were fortunate in not losing their property although many of their sons gave their lives for the Confederate States of America.


Transportation in Crenshaw County in those years prior to the formation of the county was restricted to foot horseback, horse and buggy, and mule and wagon. There were a few roads in the county which led to the nearest villages where necessities were to be obtained. All in all, however, transportation was very crude in the county until after the Civil War.

In the years prior to 1860 there had been two railroads surveyed through the county. One, the Mobile and Girard was not constructed, however, until several years after the Civil war, and construction of the other, the Vicksburg and Brunswick was never attempted.

It was not until 1887 that the first shipment by rail was made in the county. This shipment of forty bales of cotton was made by W. E. Bradley over the Alabama-Midland Railroad which was completed in 1888. This railroad came from Montgomery via Sprague Junction terminating at Luverne. Stations which were founded on this track in the county were Lapine, Bradleton, Petrey, and Patsburg. A short time after completion of the track to Luverne another track was laid connecting Rutledge with this railroad at Julian junction just north of Luverne. A few years later the Mobile and Girard Railroad was completed through the county. The stations of the county along this track are Glenwood, Brantley, Dozier, and Searight. Aside from these miles of track there have been no other railroads in the county.

As I have mentioned in a previous chapter the two earliest roads of any kind in the county were the Three Notch Trail and The Merriweather Trail, but after the creation of the county, and with the growth of villages and communities, railroads were cut in the county and many roads were cleared. Evolving from these early roads and railroads grew a useful if not commendable transportation network within the county.

The citizens of Crenshaw county have, since the earliest settlers, sensed the need for education. In the years following 1840 the typical one room school house was found in almost every settlement. Some of the elder schools in the county were founded at Leon, New Providence, Rutledge, Honoraville, Sal Soda, Cook's Stand, and Helican.

Probably the first secondary school in the county was the Helicon Academy founded around the middle of the nineteenth century. The high school at Searight following the Civil war was probably the first high school in the county to offer classes in grades one through twelve. This school was later moved to Dozier. Other early high schools were the Vernledge High School, the Rutledge High School, the Union Springs District High School at Luverne and the Luverne Free School.

During the latter half of the nineteenth(?) century the county boasted the only college ever to exist in the county. The school which became in its later years the Highland Home College was an outgrowth of the old Barns School founded at Strata in 1856. Because of the unhealthy climate the school was moved to Highland Home in l881 and reestablished under the name, Highland Home Institute. It had its first session on the first Monday of November 1881 with about 70 pupils enrolled . Prof. J.M. Barnes was the President, Prof. Samuel Jordan, Principal, and Col. M. L. Kirkpatrick was in charge of the Preparatory Department. The building was a 50 x 100 foot wood frame building and the campus consisted of 8 acres. Highland Home Institute was later chartered the Highland Home College in 1889 and remained so until it closed its doors in 1916 after providing the residents of Crenshaw County for many years a place for higher education.

The economy of the county prior to the later portion of the nineteenth century was almost wholly dependent on farming. All the early settlers of the county were planters and this remained their chief occupation although a few of them did attempt to do a merchantile business on the side. A few engaged in sawmilling, a few others in grist milling, and a very few in ginning, but not until after the civil war were any of these expanded to any degree.

Most of the merchandise bought by early inhabitants of the county was purchased from either Troy, Greenville, or Montgomery. It was not uncommon for people of a community to make trips often taking two to four days to one of these villages on a mule and wagon.

Among the first merchants in the county were William Merrill who engaged in merchandising for a number of years at Leon and James Johnson who was the first merchant at Rutledge.

Printing in the county did not come until those years between the close of the Civil War and the end of the nineteenth century. Five newspapers were published in the county in the decade 1890-1900. Of those were the Searight Beacon published at Searight, the Rutledge Wave and the Gleaner, edited and published by Mathew Tucker in Rutledge and the Luverne Enterprise and The People's Advocate also edited and published by Mathew Tucker in Luverne. There was a quarterly magazine published about this same time, but the name of the publication is not available.

Other newspapers published at one time or the other in the county were The Brantley Reporter, Crenshaw County News, Crenshaw County Critic, Crenshaw County Banner, The Luverne Democrat, The Bugle, and The Luverne Journal.

From these early beginnings in the different fields of economic factors Crenshaw County has continued to grow and progress in hopes of building a better future



Source: Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney


Population: White, 9,500; colored, 2,000. Area, 660 Square miles. Woodland, all. Long-leaf pine upland, 435 square miles; oak and hickory uplands, 125 square miles; hill, prairie and lime lands, 100 square miles.

Acres - In cotton (approximately), 27,000; in corn, 28,099; in oats, 5,208; in tobacco, 33; in rice, 25: in sugar-cane, 294; in sweet potatoes, 558.

Approximate number of bales of cotton, 8,500.

County Seat - Rutledge; population, 300.

Newspaper published at County Seat - Enterprise, Democratic.

Postoffices in the County - Aiken, Argus, Best, Bradleyton, Bullock, Cook's Stand, Helicon, Honoraville. Host, Johnson, Leon, Live Oak, Mount Ida, New Providence, Norwood, Peacock, Rutridge, Sal-Soda, Saville, Vidette.

This county was formed in 1865, and named for Hon. Anderson Crenshaw. It lies in that section of the State toward which much attention is now being turned, because of its varied resources and growing industries. Debarred the enjoyment of railroad privileges, there has not been that spirit of enterprise and energy which is warranted by the varied resources of Crenshaw.

In this county, as in all others in this region, lands may be had at very moderate figures. Over-spread with forests of splendid timber, both of pine and oak, they are destined to be quite valuable, and yet may be bought in some sections for $1 per acre, in others for $2.50, and in others still, for $5.

There are 24,500 acres of land belonging to the general Government in Crenshaw.

Vast tracks of land may be purchased at nominal prices, and the people would welcome immigrants of thrifty habits.


Source: Bulletin, Geological Survey of Alabama, by Truman H. Aldrich, 1886 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney


The following is a list of the water powers that are utilized.  The most of these powers are small, but they make a large aggregate, and they represent only an insignificant part of the power that is capable of development.


CRENSHAW COUNTY.................................................................................... ....... H.P.

E. P. Lasseter, Bullock, flour and grist mill ................................................................. 8

G. B. Morgan. Bullock, flour and grist mill ............................................................... 15

Folmar's Mill, Goshen, flour and grist mill .................................................................. 8

N. Skipper. Honoraville. flour and grist mill ............................................................. 10

Daniel & Co., Lapine, flour and grist mill ................................................................. 30

John S. Marsh. Rutledge, flour and grist mill ............................................................ 20

G. B. Sasser, Luverne. flour and grist mill ................................................................ 15



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