Alabama Events


1540—July 2. The territory of what is now the State of Alabama entered by DeSoto, the Spanish adventurer, while searching for gold.

1540—October 18. DeSoto fought the great battle of Maubila, or Mauvtta, with the tribe of Indians subsequently known as the Mobilians.

1540—November 29. DeSoto passed out of Alabama into Mississippi, where is now the county of Lowndes, Mississippi.

1699—January 31. The French, under Iberville and Bienville, while sailing in search of the mouth of the Mississippi river, discover Massacre, afterwards Dauphin Island.

1702—January. Bienville established a settlement on Massacre island.

1702—January. Bienville established the original site of Mobile, on Mobile Bay, at the mouth of Dog river, and built there Fort St. Louis de la Mobile.

1711—March. Bienville established the present site of the city of Mobile.

1711—October. A pirate ship fiom Jamaica debarked on Massacre island, and plundered its inhabitants.

1714—June. Fort Toulouse, afterwards Fort Jackson, built by Bienville, four miles south of Wetumpka.

1719— August 19. A Spanish squadron bombarded the French on Massacre island, but were repulsed.

1720— December. The capital of the Louisiana colony transferred from Mobile to Biloxi, Miss.

1721— March 17. First African slaves landed at Mobile.

1735— Fort Tombecbe established by Bienville on the little Tombigbee river, at what is now Jones' Bluff.

1743—May. Bienville, who, for more than forty-six years had been Governor of the Louisiana colony, resigned and returned to France.

1763—February 18. France ceded to England all the soil of the Louisiana colony east of the Mississippi, and embracing the settlement at Mobile.

1780—March 14. Fort Charlotte — originally Fort Conde and the Mobile settlement taken from the English by Don Galvez, the Spanish commander.

1782—November 30. On the treaty of peace between England and the United States, the former relinquished to the latter her claim to the soil east of the Mississippi and north of latitude 31 °.

1795—October 27. Spain relinquished to the United States her claim to the territory east of the Mississippi and north of latitude 31°.

1799—September. Captain Ellicott, an English engineer officer, completed the running of his famous boundary line along the thirty-first parallel of north latitude from the Mississippi to the Chattahoochee river.

1802—April 24. Georgia relinquished to the United States her claim to the control of the country out of which ultimately grew the States of Alabama and Mississippi.

1807—February 19. Aaron Burr arrested in what is now Washington county, Alabama.

1807—December. St. Stephens laid off in town lots, and a road cut irom there to Natchez, Miss.

1813—April. The settlement at Mobile and the part of Alabama south of latitude 31°, relinquished by Spain to the United States.

1813—July. Bloody war commenced between the Creek Indians and the white settlers of Georgia and what is now Alabama.

1813—July 27. Battle of Burnt Corn fought.

1813—August 30. Fort Mims massacre.

1813—October. General Andrew Jackson marched from Tennessee into what is now Alabama, with 2,000 Tennesseeans, to avenge the massacre at Fort Mims.

1813 — November. Jackson routed the Creeks with great slaughter, at the battle of Talladega.

1813— November 12. Celebrated canoe fight on the Alabama river, near Claiborne.

1814— March 27. Jackson drove the Creeks from their fortifications on the Horse Shoe bend of the Tallapoosa river, in the now county of Tallapoosa, Alabama, killing a great number, and virtually ending the war.

1814—April. Fort Jackson established by Gen. Jackson on the site of Bienville's old Fort Toulouse.

1814—August 19. Treaty of peace concluded at Fort Jackson betwen Gen. Jackson and the Creeks.

1814— September 15. British sea and land attack on Fort Bowyer repulsed by a portion of Jackson's command.

1815— February 13. Fort Bowyer surrendered to the British.

1815—April 1. The British evacuate Mobile Point and Dauphin Island, pursuant to the treaty of Ghent.

1817— March 1. Alabama territory carved out of Mississippi territory, with St. Stephens as the seat of government, and Wm. W. Bibb, Territorial Governor.

1818— January 19. First Alabama Territorial Legislature convened at St. Stephens.

1818—July. French refugees found Demopolis.

1818— November. Second and last Territorial Legislature assembled at St. Stephens.

1819— March 2. Congress authorized the people of Alabama Territory to form a State government.

1819—May 3. Election for delegates to frame a Constitution for the State of Alabama.

1819—July 5. Convention to frame a Constitution for the State of Alabama, assembled at Huntsville.

1819—August 2. Constitutional Convention concluded its labors and adjourned.

1819—September 20. First general election in Alabama under the new Constitution, for Governor and members of the Legislature.

1819—October 25. First State Legislature assembled at Huntsville.

1819-November 9. Wm. W. Bibb inaugurated first Governor of the State of Alabama.

1819— December 14. Joint resolution of Congress admitting the State of Alabama into the Union.

1820— May 8. First term of the supreme court of the State of Alabama held at Cahaba.

1820—October 23. Second State Legislature assembled at Cahaba.

1820—December 18. Act of the General Assembly approved, to establish the University of Alabama.

1820—December 21. State Bank chartered and located at Cahaba, the seat of government. Capital $2,000,000.

1821—December 18. Supplementary University Act approved.

1825—April 3. General La Fayette visited Montgomery.

1826—State Capital and archives removed from Cahaba to Tuskaloosa.

1828—Work on the original University buildings begun at Marr's Spring, one and a quarter miles east of Tuskaloosa courthouse.

1831— April 17. University of Alabama opened to students.

1832— January 13. Tuscumbia, Courtland, and Decatur Railroad incorporated; the first constructed in the State.

1832—January 14. Act of the General Assembly approved, organizing the supreme court of Alabama as now constituted.

1832—January '21. Montgomery branch of the State bank incorporated with a capital of $800,000.

1832—November 16. Decatur branch of the State bank incorporated with a capital of $1,000,000.

1832—December 14. Mobile branch of the State bank incorporated with a capital of $2,000,000.

1837—Great financial revulsion in Alabama, and in the United States, generally.

1839—January 26. Alabama Penitentiary incorporated.

1839—August. Great drouth throughout Alabama and the entire South, beginning about the first of this month and continuing until the end of January of the next year.

1842—February 8. Alabama Penitentiary opened for the reception of convicts, and the penal code adapted to penitentiary punishments became operative.

1846—January 28. General Assembly, by joint vote, selected Montgomery as the future site of the State Capital.

1846—February 4. Act of the General Assembly approved, placing the State bank and its branches in process of liquidation.

1847— November 2. Original capitol building at Montgomery completed and turned over to commissioners appointed by the State to receive it.

1847—December 6. General Assembly for the first time met in the new capitol at Montgomery.

1849—December 14. Capitol at Montgomery destroyed by fire.

1849— December 17. Governor Collier inaugurated in the Montgomery Methodist Church, the capitol having been burned three days before.

1850— January. The work of rebuilding the capitol at Montgomery commenced.

1851— November. Present capitol at Montgomery completed.

1852— February 6. Alabama Insane Hospital incorporated.

1854—February 17. First legislative enactment establishing a system of free public schools in Alabama.

1856—February 18. Important supplementary act to establish free schools in Alabama.

I860—January 27. The State Institution at Talladega, for the instruction of the deaf and dumb, and the blind, incorporated.

1860—February 24. General Assembly adopted a joint resolution requiring the Governor to order a general election for delegates to a State Convention in the event of the elevation of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency of the United States.

1860— December 24. General election for delegates to a State Convention under the call of Governor Moore, pursuant to the above joint resolution.

1861— January 7. State Convention assembled at Montgomery to take action in view of the election of Abraham Lincoln.

1861—January 11. Ordinance of Secession adopted.

1861—January 12. Alabama Senators and Representatives in Congress withdraw in a body on hearing of the adoption of the Ordinance of Secession.

1861—February 4. Delegates from six seceding States, comprising a Provisional Congress, assembled at Montgomery to organize the government of the Confederate States.

1861—February 18. Jefferson Davis inaugurated, at Montgomery, first President of the confederate States.

1861—March 21. State Convention adjourned, first having ratified the Constitution of the Confederate States, which had been submitted for such action.

1861—April 15. First patient admitted to the Alabama Insane Hospital.

1864 —August 5. Farragut's fleet entered Mobile bay and encountered the Confederate war vessels.

1864—August 7. Fort Gaines capitulated to Farragut.

1864— August 23. Fort Morgan capitulated to Farragut.

1865— April 2. Selma stormed and captured by Wilson.

1865—April 4. University buildings at Tuskaloosa burned by Croxton.

1865—April 8. Spanish Fort abandoned to Canby.

1865—April 9. Confederate defenses at Blakely stormed and taken by Canby.

1865—April 12. Mobile occupied by Federal troops.

1865—April 12. Montgomery occupied by Wilson.

1865—May 25. Disastrous powder explosion at Mobile.

1865—June 21. President Johnson, by proclamation, appointed Lewis E. Parsons provisional Governor of Alabama.

1865—July 20. Governor Parsons, by proclamation, ordered a general election throughout Alabama, for delegates to a State convention, called by him to assemble at Montgomery, September 12, 1865.

1865—August 31. General election for delegates, pursuant to Governor Parsons' proclamation.

1865— September 12. Constitutional Convention assembled at Montgomery.

1865—September 30. Constitutional Convention adjourned.

1865—November 6. Election for State officers and members of the General Assembly—first after the war.

1865—November 20. General Assembly convened at Montgomery—first after the war.

1865—December 13. Governor Patton inaugurated.

1865—December 20. State government turned over to Governor Patton by Governor Parsons.

1867—January. New University buildings begun at Tuskaloosa.

1867—March 2. Congress passed the Reconstruction Act, remanding the State to a semi-territorial condition and subjecting it to military rule.

1867—March 23. Supplementary Act of Congress passed, prescribing the method by which the State might frame a new Constitution and apply for admission into the Union.

1867— November 5. Reconstruction Convention assembled at Montgomery.

1868— February 4. Question of the adoption of the Constitution framed by the Reconstruction Convention, voted on by the people.

1868—July 13. William H. Smith, first Governor of the reconstructed State, inaugurated.

1868— July. New University buildings at Tuskaloosa completed.

1869— April. New University buildings opened to students.

1870—Novembei 8. Robert B. Lindsey elected Governor of Alabama.

1870—November 26. Governor Lindsey inaugurated.

1874— November 24. George S. Houston inaugurated Governor of Alabama.

1875— March 19. Act of the General Assembly approved, calling a convention to revise and remodel the Constitution of the State.

1875—August 3. General election for delegates to the State Convention of this year.

1875—September 6. State Convention assembled at Montgomery.

1875—October 2. State Convention adjourned, after adopting the present Constitution of Alabama and submitting it to the people for ratification or rejection.

1875—November 16. The Constitution of 1875 ratified by the people at a general election held on this day.

1875— December 6. The Constitution of 1875 became operative.

1876— April 3. Great rain and wind storm throughout Alabama. This storm came from the east, and lasted nineteen hours without intermission, and was accompanied by unusually heavy thunder and continuous rain and lightning. The rain was considered the heaviest that ever fell in Alabama.

1876, Oct. —. Alabama and Chattanooga Rail road sold at public outcry.

1876—Ten electoral votes cast for Samuel J. Tildcn and Thomas A. Hendricks.

1878—Violent yellow fever epidemic.

1879, Jan. 15—State Bar Association organized.

1880—The Greenback party, in active opposition to Democrats.

1880—Ten electoral votes cast for Winfield S. Hancock, and William H. English, democrat.

1880, Nov. 23—Alice furnace No. 1. in Birmingham, went into blast.

1881, Feb. 10—Industrial and normal school for negroes established at Tuskegee.

1881, Feb. 26—State railroad commission established.

1882—Alabama State Teachers' Association formed.

1882—State normal school established at Jacksonville.

1882—East and west railroad linked Cartcrsvillc, Georgia, and Pell City. Alabama.

1883, Jan. —Defalcation of State Treasurer Isaac II. Vincent discovered.

1883—Anniston and Sheffield founded.

1883, Feb. 23—State Department of Agriculture created.

1884—Birmingham Mineral Railroad opened to traffic.

1884—Ten electoral votes cast for Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks.

1885, Sept. 30—Confederate Monument Association incorporated.

1886—Immense freshets in spring ami summer.

1887, April 12—Bessemer founded.

1887—The following railroads opened to travel: Alabama Midland, Birmingham and Atlantic, Kansas City, Memphis
and Birmingham, Mobile and Birmingham.

1888—Yellow fever in Decatur.

1888—Ten electoral votes cast for Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman,

1888—Savannah and Western (Central of Georgia) Railway opened to Birmingham.

1880, Feb. 28—Legislature pensions named Confederate soldiers and the widows of Confederate soldiers.

1880, Dee. 8—Hawea' riot at Birmingham. Thirteen persons killed by posse under sheriff Joseph B. Smith, to protect from mob violence Kichard 11 awes, who ha*I murdered his wife ami two daughters.

1890—East Lake Atheneum established.

1892—Co-education inaugurated at Alabama Polytechnic Institute.

1892—Eleven electoral votes cast for (J rover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson.

1893—Hon. Hilarv A. Herbert appointed Secretary of the Navy by President Grover Cleveland.

1893—Financial panic.

1894, June-Sept.—Strike by coal miners of North Alabama; ten men killed.

1890, Oct. 12—Alabama Girls' Industrial School at Montevallo opened to students.

1890, July-Dec.—Seventy-five thousand tons of iron shipped from Alabama to foreign ports. This initiated export of iron from Alabama.

1890—Eleven electoral votes cast for William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewcll.

1897, Feb. 3—General Assembly established office of State Tax Commissioner.

1897, Feb. 10—General Assembly appointed chief mine inspector, requested examination of mine bosses, standard scales, safety-lamps, ventilation, maps, and care of those injured by accidents.

1897, July 24—Birmingham rolling mills make successful experiment in manufacture of steel.

1897, Dec. 27—Cahawba bridge disaster: train went through bridge and twenty-seven people were killed.

1897—Alabama shipped 223,000 tons of Iron to foreign ports.

1898, Apr. 28—Governor Johnston called for volunteers for the Spanish American war.

1898—Low price of cotton caused widespread distress and discontent.

1898, Dec. 7—Confederate Monument on Capitol Hill unveiled.

1898, Dec. 16—General Assembly voted to hold a Constitutional convention.

1898, Dee. 17—Governor Johnston approved the act for a Constitutional convention.

1899, Feb. 23—Legislature voted $3000 to buy land and erect buildings for a Boys' Industrial School.

1899, Mar. 18—Primaries for delegates to Constitutional convention.

1899—Governor Johnston called special session of the General Assembly, and secured repeal of bill for Constitutional convention on May 10.

1900, Nov—General Assembly voted for to submit Constitutional convention to the people.

1900—Eleven electoral votes cast for William Jennings Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson.

1901, Mar. 25—About in 10 a. m. fearful tornado in Birmingham.

1901, May 21-Sept. 3—Constitutional convention in session in Montgomery.

1901, June 11—Governor William J. Samford died in Tuskaloosa; William Dorsey Jelks succeeded to office of governor.

Sources: Hand-book of Alabama, Authors: Berney & Saffold, 1892 & Sketches of Alabama History, Author: Joel Campbell Du Bose, MA, 1900 - Submitted by C. Anthony.



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