Source: Handbook of Alabama, by
Saffold Berney, 1892, Transcribed by C.
Established by act approved January 20,1830.
Territory taken from Montgomery, Dallas and Butler
counties. Named for William Lowndes, the South
Lies near the centre of the State. Area, 720 square
miles; all prairie (rotten limestone and rolling or
hill prairie); woodland, all, except a few square
miles of open prairie. In the prairie region a large
area of the uplands are brown sandy soils. Principal
soil varieties are the sandy loams of the table lands,
the dark loams of the bottoms, and the calcareous
soils of the prairies and lime hills. Soils very
productive. Bottom lands particularly adapted to corn,
of which crop forty bushels to the acre are often
made. Principal crops, cotton, corn, oats, potatoes,
millet and sugar cane. Lowndes is situated in what is
known as the "black belt" of Alabama, and is one of
the richest agricultural counties of the State.
Population, white, 4,466; colored, 27,084; total,
County seat, Hayneville; population, 355. Other
towns, Lowndesboro, Benton, Fort Deposit and Mount
Acres in county, 442,514. Assessed
value of property in 1891, real,$2,155,- 959.00;
personal, $1,739,189.00; total, $3,895,148.00.
Newspapers, Examiner, weekly, and
True Citizen, weekly, Hayneville.
Railroads, miles of main track,
Western of Alabama (Selma division), 22.42;
Louisville & Nashville (Mobile &
Montgomery division), 21. Telegraph, miles of poles,
The Alabama river—navigable
throughout the year, forms the entire northern
boundary of the county. County watered by several
Climate and health good, and school
and church facilities superior.
Crops in 1889 (census of
1890)—cotton, acres, 113,341; bales, 40,430; value,
$1,847,206.00; corn, acres, 51,080; bushels,
1,063,793; oats, acres, .4,591; bushels, 60,608.
Lands, $3.00 to $20.00 an acre. There are no
unappropriated government lands in this
Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical by
Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 -
Transcribed by Veneta McKinney
Population: White 5,645; colored 25,531. Area 740
square miles. Woodland, all, except a few square miles
Acres - In cotton (approximately) 28,200; in corn
41,169; in oats 3,630; in sugar-cane 201; in sweet
potatoes 1,000. Approximate number of bales of cotton,
County Seat - Hayneville; population 500; located
23 miles southwest of Montgomery.
Newspapers published at County Seat - Examiner
(Democratic); True Citizen (Independent Democrat).
Post offices in the County - Benton, Burkville,
Braggs, Calhoun, Collirene, Farmersville, Fort
Deposit, Gordonsville, Hayneville, Letohatchee,
Lowndesborough, Morganville, Mount Willing, Saint
Clair, Sandy Ridge, White Hall.
Established in 1830, this county was named in honor
of Hon. William Lowndes, of South Carolina. It has
long been known for the productiveness of its lands,
and is regarded one of the best agricultural districts
in the South. Prior to the war the planters of Lowndes
made immense fortunes from farming upon its fertile
cotton fields. Though in use many years, the lands
remain unimpaired in their productiveness. The county
needs only the hands of system and diligence to direct
and urge the industries suited to the capabilities of
its soil, to place it alongside the most advanced
sections of our planting interests. Like all other
localities of the famous cotton belt, Lowndes County
has shared in the shrinkage of the valuation of lands.
This is mainly due to the destruction of an organized
labor system consequent upon the emancipation of the
slaves. Its lands are well adapted to the employment
of improved implements of labor.
The surface of Lowndes is rolling. The whole of the
county lies within the prairie belt, still there is a
fair proportion of upland soils. Along the table-lands
are found sandy loam soils; in the extensive bottoms
which prevail along the river and numerous streams are
found dark loam soils, while upon the prairies proper,
and the flanks of the lime-hills, exist the soils
which have a great admixture of lime. While the
prevailing surface of Lowndes is rolling, there are
many precipitous hills in the southern portion. The
presence of lime in the clay makes the roads miry
during the wet seasons. This feature, connected with
that extreme southwestern portion, has won it the
local name of "Little Texas." But this constitutes but
a fractional part of this magnificent agricultural
region. A feature belonging largely to the first
bottom soils is that they are sandy, but they derive
vast benefits from the underlying formations of lime.
Here, as elsewhere in the prairie region, there are
occasional interventions of sandy knolls, which
furnish locations for houses and settlements, and also
an abundance of good water.
The main crops grown in Lowndes are cotton, corn,
oats, sweet and Irish potatoes, millet and sugar-cane.
The black lands are usually devoted to the production
of corn, while the sandy lands are employed for
raising cotton; but the red lands produce equally
well. Many of these lands are well adapted for
pasturage purposes. Numerous grasses flourish, some of
which are indigenous and others imported. These,
together with the varieties of clover and the dense
brakes of cane which prevail along the streams and in
marshy lowlands, makes this one of the most desirable
sections for stock-raising.
This consideration is enhanced by the fact that the
winters in this latitude are brief and mild, and stock
does not have to be cared for so tenderly as in
sections farther north. Pintlala. Big Swamp, Manack,
Cedar and Dry Creeks, with numerous tributaries, flow
across the county. It is along these streams that much
of the richest land in the county is found.
Scattered throughout Lowndes are broad belts of
valuable timber, comprising several varieties of oak,
hickory, long- and short-leaf pine, elm, ash, poplar,
walnut, sycamore, gum, beech, cedar, mulberry and
chestnut. Points of interest are Hayneville, the
county seat, with a population of several hundred,
Lowndesboro, Benton, Fort Deposit and Letohatchee.
Good schools are found in almost all the centers of
population, while a common-school system provides
educational advantages for all classes.
Transportation is afforded by the Louisville &
Nashville Railroad, the Montgomery & Selma, and
the Alabama River.
Lands may be purchased from $3 to $20 per acre.
There are no government lands in the county.
WATER MILLS OF LOWNDES COUNTY IN
Bulletin, Geological Survey of Alabama, by Truman H.
Aldrich, 1886 - Transcribed by Veneta
The following is a list of the
water powers that are utilized. The most of
these powers are small, but they make a large aggregate,
and they represent only an insignificant part of the power
that is capable of
G. B. Holley. Lowndesboro, flour
and grist mill ...........................................
W. N. Bozeman. Benton, gin and