Alabama

Principal Stage Stops and Taverns of Alabama

 

PRINCIPAL STAGE STOPS AND TAVERNS IN WHAT IS NOW ALABAMA PRIOR TO 1840.

Source: The Alabama Historical Quarterly By Marie Bankhead Owen, Editor and Emmett Kilpatrick, Co Editor - Published By State Department Of Archives And History, Walker Printing Co. Printers And Stationers,  Montgomery, Ala Vol.  17 No. 1 and 2 Spring and Summer Issue 1955.

  Transcribed and submitted by Veneta McKinney

(This List is Compiled from Material as set out in the Appended Bibliography by W. P.A. Workers on Project 1584.)

 

Alabama Hotel, Tuskaloosa; Under the management of Lewis; was the political center of that place while the Capitol was there.

Thomas Anthony's Tavern; (See Fort Mitchell, Russell County).

Fort Bainbridge, Russell County; Twenty-nine miles west of the Chattahoochee River on the old Federal Road.

Mrs. Harris' Hotel, 1835.

Lewis' Tavern, 1818-1825; LaFayette stopped here, April 1, 1825.

Capt. Kendall Lewis, the former Army Officer serving under Col. Benjamin Hawkins, the Agent, had his father-in-law, Big Warrior as his "Sleeping Partner," but the Indian owned it.

Bear Meat Cabin, Blount County; Early travelers stopped, before 1825, in Blountsville on the Tuskaloosa to Huntsville road.

Bell Tavern; Same as Freeny's Tavern. The Bell, which prompted the name, is now preserved in the Alabama Department of Archives and History.

Bonum's Tavern, Montgomery County. This was the original settlement of the Bonham family in Western Montgomery County.

Major Brown's Tavern, Dallas County; East of Cahaba River on the road to Tuskaloosa.

Buzzard Roost Tavern; Levi Colbert's place of entertainment on the old Natchez Trace, in the present Colbert County.

Patrick Byrne's Tavern, Baldwin County; On the hill before going down in the valley to reach Blakeley. A breakfast stop, where good coffee might be had.

The Carter House, Claiborne; Kept by three brothers.

Centerville Tavern; The present day home of J. P. Kennedy at Centerville, used from the date of the removal of the Capitol to Tuskaloosa, as a stopping place in that town. On the removal of the records to Montgomery in 1847, the caravan stopped there.

Cheatham's Tavern, Huntsville, Madison County; C. Cheatham operated a place of entertainment in the town of Twickenham, on Jefferson Street, just off the Square.

Coker's (Cooker's) Tavern; Northern part of Conecuh County (this stop was thirteen miles below Price's on the road to Blakeley.)

Cook's Tavern; An accommodation stop on the old Federal Road about Uchee, Russell County of  today.

Crabtree's Tavern, 1825; (See Fort Mitchell, Russell County.)

Crocheron's Tavern, Richmond, Dallas County.  This was a large brick structure, and the remains exist to-day.

Thomas Crowell's Tavern, 1827; (See Fort Mitchell, Russell County.)

Dadeville Hotel; In which Johnson J. Hooper is reputed to have written some of his "Simon Suggs" and "Widow Rugby" stories.

Fort Dale, Butler County; 1820.

The Taylor House, at Greenville; Was the official stopping place five years later.

Dexter House, Montgomery; Erected in 1847 by Col. Lewis Owen. Managed by Jacob P. House of Autauga County, a Mr. Sims, and William Taylor.

Duffie's (Duffle's) House; On the road from Coosada to Tuskaloosa, probably about Centerville.

Evans' Tavern, Montgomery County; Same as Milly's Tavern, which see. 
Milly later married this man.

Exchange Hotel, Montgomery; Completed November, 1847 - never closed since. This hostelry was built by Robinson and Bardwell, who built the first State Capitol under plans drawn by Samuel Holt. Leased first by J. J. Stewart, and subsequently in  the management have been Joseph G. Field, Washington Tilley, Lanier and Son, A. P. Watt, Bulger, Hucell and Company (who managed it during the Confederacy), C. A. Lanier, and that family owns the controlling interest today.

John M. Flynn's House; Claiborne.

Frankfort Hotel, Franklin County; Built in 1844.

Major Clement Freeny's Tavern, Montgomery; On present Commerce Street, two squares South of the River. Major Freeny was the son­ in-law of Mrs. Walter Lucas, of Lucas' Tavern fame. They both entertained LaFayette on his trip through America in 1825.

The Georgian's Tavern; An early stop probably in Monroe County, dating not later than 1830, on the road to Blakley.

Globe Tavern; Same as the Indian Queen; built in 1820 by George Washington B. Townes. Mr. Townes was, a few years later, Governor of Georgia.

Gregg's Tavern, Lawrence County; At Leighton. The first stop after crossing the River at old Bainbridge, at a point on the Buyler road, first authorized Alabama State highway.

Green Bottom Inn, Madison County; On the Huntsville to New Market Pike. Maintained prior to 1818 and some years later by John Connelly. Here Andrew Jackson stopped.

Hadley's Inn, Escambia County; Somewhere close to the present Flomaton.

Mrs. Harris' Hotel, 1835; (See Fort Bainbridge, Russell County).

The Indian Queen, Montgomery; North side of Market Street, near North McDonnough Street.

James Johnston's Tavern; (See Fort Mitchell, Russell County).

Edward D. King's House, Perry County. This gentleman would take travelers as an accommodation only.

Lewis' Tavern, 1818-1825. (See Fort Bainbridge, Russell County).

Longmyre's Tavern; Sixteen miles South of Cooker's, and probably in Conecuh County.

Lucas' Tavern; Montgomery County, two miles West of Okfuski Creek.
Gen. LaFayette spent the night of April 2, 1825 in this building, which now stands, used as a Negro house.

Duncan (sometime Douglas) Macmillan's House, Conecuh County. This house was sixteen miles from Longmyre's. The proprietor was a God­fearing man.

Archibald Maderra's Tavern, Huntsville, Madison County; This institution enjoyed a lucrative business in 1819 when it was political headquarters for the delegates to the Territorial Constitutional Convention.

The Madison House, Montgomery; Corner North Perry and Market Streets; erected in 1847, dismantled in 1908.  Managed by Charles Abercrombie, Washington Tilley, Joseph Pizzala (he called it "The European House"), Sidney Kirtland and others.

Sam Manack's House on Pinchona, Montgomery County; 1803-1816, at the old Federal Road crossing. Here was born David Moniac (Manack), first Indian appointed to the United States Military Academy; here was entertained Peggy and Lorenzo Dow, and Aaron Burr, under arrest, was here in 1807. Mrs. Manack was William Weatherford's mother-in-law.

The Medison House, Montgomery; Erected in 1821, at the corner of Commerce and Montgomery Streets, on the Public Square. This is the present Exchange Hotel.

McAlpin's Tavern, Bibb County; Near the present Centerville, in Bibb County.

Merchants Hotel, Montgomery; Erected in 1831, by Mr. Caleb Tompkins, on the North side of Market Street, about the present Dexter Avenue Methodist Church.  Managed by Oliver Reed, and after his death, by his widow.  Burned May 18, 1846.

Mrs. Mill's House, Baldwin County; Somewhere near the present crossing of Little River on Monroeville to Bay Minette road.

Milly's Tavern, Montgomery County; At the Federal Road crossing of Noococe Cheppo Creek (two miles East of present Mt. Meigs). This woman, the widow of a British soldier who died at Kasihta, lived in the Creek country from 1785 to after 1820. She had a toll bridge and tavern stop license from the Federal Government.

Fort Mitchell, Russell County.

Thomas Anthony's Tavern; (Little Prince, the Indian Chief, controlled a half-interest in this business from 1811 to about 1824, though between 1811 and 1820 the tavern keeper's name, the white man, is not mentioned. Adam Hodgson, when there in 1820, mentions Thomas Anthony of Philadelphia.

Crabtree's Tavern, 1825; (Three miles West of Fort Mitchell). LaFayette stopped here March  31, 1825.

Thomas Crowell's Tavern, 1827; (At the Post). Capt. Hall, R. N., Count Saxe-Weimer, James Stuart, and other notable travelers mentioned Capt. Crowell.

James Johnston's Tavern; Same as Crowell's, and was known by several other names; located at Fort Mitchell. Major Johnston was the Mail contractor between Montgomery and Milledgeville in the early Twenties, and controlled, with Ward Taylor of Greenville, and Patrick Byrnes of Blakeley, early Stage routes going South out of Montgomery.

The Montgomery Hall, Montgomery; On lower Market Street, South­west corner of Lawrence.  Cost $50,000; opened to the public in 1835; leased by Benjamin  Wilson and John Bluck.

Montgomery Hotel, Montgomery; Same as Bell Tavern.

Mooresville Tavern, Limestone County; Still standing; property of Henry B. Zeider's Estate.

Rev. Nall's House, Bibb County; On the Tuskaloosa road.

Pack's Tavern, DeKalb County; On the old road leading to Ross' Landing, on the Tennessee River, and later Lebanon.

Peeble's Tavern, Escambia County; About old Steadham village, the headwaters of the Escambia  River.

Planter's Hotel; On Montgomery Street, in the city of Montgomery, on the Square, West of the Artesian Basin (site of Capitol Clothing Store of 1936). Burned on December 16, 1838. In 1833, Abner McGee erected this building, making the bricks out of the contents of an Indian Mound on the River bank just East of Maxwell Field.

Price's Inn, Butler County; About Butler Springs of today.

Routt's Round Top Inn, Hazel Green, Madison County.

Royston's Inn, Russell County; At Sand Fort, fifteen miles west of the Chattahoochee River on the old Federal Road (1825 and 1836 dates historically recorded).

Scurlock's, Conecuh County; On the Conecuh River, some thirty miles West of Pea River. This tavern was on the Fort Crawford road. In 1819, corn to feed the traveler's horse was $6.00 per bushel. This family name is probably "Shurlock," yet perpetuated in Southeast Alabama.

Sharp's Tavern, Bibb County; near the present Centerville.

Judge Stephens' House, Bibb County; On the Tuskaloosa to Coosada road.

Tate's, Baldwin County; At the forks of the Blakeley and Pensacola trails. This was the residence of David Tate, who moved, with Sam Manack, into this country on the former property of their relative, Alexander McGillivray. About 1818 or 1819, Andrew Jackson erected Montpelier at this place. Mr. Frank Earle owns the place and lives there today.

The Taylor  House, Greenville, Butler County;(See Fort Dale).

Vickers' Tavern; North side of Market Street, at Decatur. Erected in 1818 by James Vickers.

Walker's Tavern, Macon County; 1816 to about 1840. Adjacent to the Pole Cat Spring, Indian Agency, at the trail fork; North to Tukabahchi, West to Fort Jackson, Southwest to St. Stephens. Capt. Walker was the son-in-law of Big Warrior.

Washington Hall, Claiborne.

The White House, Cahaba, Dallas County.

Wood's Tavern, Montgomery County; On the old Federal Road about fifteen miles West of Snowden, and somewhere in the vicinity of Sandy Ridge, Lowndes County of today.  Col. Matthew Wood was an officer of the Alabama Militia.  The Inn was presided over by his "talkative daughter."

Young's Tavern, Cahaba, Dallas County.


BIBLIOGRAPHY.

For numerous references to places of accommodation in Alabama prior to1840, see:

"Early Travel and some Stage Stops in Alabama," by Peter A. Brannon, in the "Pageant Book, "Montgomery, 1926;

"The Federal Road," by Peter A. Brannon, published in the "Montgomery Advertiser,"1923;

"By Paths Through Alabama, and Houses by the Side of the Road," by Peter A. Brannon, Montgomery, Alabama,1929.

"Little Journeys," by Peter A. Brannon, Montgomery, Alabama, 1930;

"Mile Stones," by Peter A. Brannon, Montgomery, Alabama, 1931;

"Lillies, Lions, and Bagpipes," by Peter A. Brannon, Montgomery, Alabama, 1934.

See also:

"The Buyler Road," by Peter A. Brannon, in the "Alabama Highways," Vol. 2, No. 12, March, 1927;

"Three Notch Road," by Peter A. Brannon, in the "Alabama Highways," Vol. 1, No. 4, July, 1927;

"The Federal Road," by Peter A. Brannon, in the "Alabama Highways," Vol. 1, No. 1, April, 1927, and numerous references to early travel to be found in "Through the Years" stories by Peter A. Brannon in the "Montgomery Advertiser" from 1931 to date.

See also:

"Memorandum Taken on My Tour to Pensacola, Commencing the 15, April, 1819," by Thomas Stocks, in the "Monthly Bulletin" issued by the Alabama Department of Archives and History, Vol. 2, No. 3, September, 1925.

See also:

"Early Taverns in America," by Elise Lathrop, 1936 edition (data furnished by Peter A. Brannon);

Journals of Levasseur; Count Saxe-Weimer; Capt. Basil Hall; Adam Hodgson, 1820; James Stuart, 1830; Tyrone Power; Sol Smith, the Comedian; and Lorenzo Dow; United States  Treaties;  Reports of  Military Commands, etc., etc., mentioned Stopping Places.

General Thomas Woodward's "Reminiscences," Blue's "History of Montgomery," Mrs. Fry's Memories of Old Cahaba," Hamilton's  Colonial Mobile," and such publications give the early history of the locations, wherein is set out pertinent references to the original places of accommodation.

 

LEWIS' TAVERN AT FORT BAINBRIDGE

Source: The Alabama Historical Quarterly By Marie Bankhead Owen, Editor and Emmett Kilpatrick, Co Editor - Published By State Department Of Archives And History, Walker Printing Co. Printers And Stationers,  Montgomery, Ala Vol.  17 No. 1 and 2 Spring and Summer Issue 1955.

 Transcribed and submitted by Veneta McKinney

Travelers who passed through the Creek Nation between 1820 and 1830 have left sundry descriptions of the Taverns and Inns.  From bits of data taken from the notes of those travelers, students of late years have woven descriptions of these houses of entertainment. and have compiled statistical data of much historical worth in fixing the lore and customs of the period.

Kendall Lewis' Tavern was a large double-pen log structure with an open hall between, and having separate cabins in the rear.  Apparently the Bar and Lobby of the Inn occupied the front rooms and the guests were accommodated in the rear cabins. One traveler says that twelve guests could be accommodated. There were no glass windows but shutters were provided for some of the guest rooms.  A roller towel on the wall of the open hall was for the common use of the guests, but a Scotch-man comments that an ewer and basin would be furnished, if paid for, in the individual apartments.

Kendall Lewis was the son-in-law of Big Warrior,* Chief of the Upper Creek Indians from 1810 until 1824 when he died in Washington. In 1811, Lewis was a Lieutenant of Scouts in the service of Col. Benjamin Hawkins, United States Agent for Indian affairs South of the Ohio River. Lewis seems to have been a Captain in one of the Georgia Regiments in the War of 1813 (as he is frequently referred to as such). The date on which he took Big Warrior's daughter for a wife is not of record. There is considerable tradition in Russell County, Alabama with reference to two of his children who moved to Arkansas in the 1830's. A son was born to Mrs. Lewis on the night of April 1, 1825. Perhaps the excitement and confusion incident to the entertainment of Gen. LaFayette and his retinue might have induced the consummation of this event and it is known that this boy, named General LaFayette Lewis grew to manhood, resided most of his life in Russell County.

(*The stopping place mentioned in the. Pickens letters as Big Warrior's Stand, was actually Kendall Lewis' Tavern, at Fort Bainbridge.  In later years a road stop was at Fort Bainbridge, Creek Stand, and Warrior's Stand, points along the Federal Road between the Western line of Russell County and Fort Hull, near Tuskegee.)

Mrs. Harris, presumably a widow, maintained this tavern in1830, and while she is not called so by name, circumstances would indicate that she was the proprietor in 1835. A location on a map of 1836 marked "Cooks" is practically coincident with the location.

Capt. Lewis, a Georgian, was said by Adam Hodgson, British traveler entertained by him in 1820, to have left that State on account of having killed a man in a personal encounter. From information in my hands as late as July 4, 1936, learn that Capt. Lewis was the brother of Mary Lewis Wall whose granddaughter resides today at Macon, Georgia.

 

THE IRA MITCHELL HOME

A rather pretentious frame structure occupies the site at the present home of old Fort Bainbridge.  Capt. Lewis' Tavern was about 400 yards west and on the left side of the road from the Fort.
(Compiled by Peter A. Brannon, from numerous notes referable to Fort Bainbridge.)

 

PLANTERS HOTEL, MONTGOMERY

Source: The Alabama Historical Quarterly By Marie Bankhead Owen, Editor and Emmett Kilpatrick, Co Editor - Published By State Department Of Archives And History, Walker Printing Co. Printers And Stationers,  Montgomery, Ala Vol.  17 No. 1 and 2 Spring and Summer Issue 1955.

 Transcribed and submitted by Veneta McKinney

There is nothing of record in Montgomery Probate Office to show the exact date of the erection of the Planters Hotel, but a Mortgage made in 1836 by Pierce and Taylor to Abner McGee describes the property as "the land occupied by the Planters Hotel." This Mortgage was foreclosed in 1847 and William Taylor became the owner. He immediately transferred to the Planters Hotel Company a corporation. This was later succeeded by the Montgomery Hotel Company, the present owners of the land and buildings.

The legal description of this property is;

Lot 5, Square 13, East Alabama, located at Northwest comer of Montgomery and Commerce Streets. Having a frontage of 100 ft., on Commerce by a depth of 150 ft., on Montgomery Street.

           (Clyde E. Wilson, Abstractor)

 

 


 

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