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Biographies


Burton Ellsworth Bennett

Bennett, Burton Ellsworth, lawyer and public official of New York City, was born April 17, 1865, in North Brookfield, NY. He was senior editor of the Cornell Daily Sun. In 1895-98 he was attorney for the United Staten for the District of Alaska.

[Herringshaw's American Blue Book of Biography, 1915; submitted by cddd]


John Green Brady

RISE OF A STREET GAMIN.

To a Boy Rescued from Five Points Alaska Owes Much of the Development of Its Wonderful Resources.

JOHN GREEN BRADY, pioneer worker in Alaska and afterward governor of the Territory, was born in New York City in 1849. Eight years later he was cast into the streets to shift for himself. He was schooled in the atmosphere of the Five Points, at that time a festering ulcer of crime and futile existence. Little good came out of the place, but many murders, robberies, assaults, and self-inflicted deaths did.

A child brought up in such an atmosphere seemed destined for a life of crime or vagabondage. He saw crime and dissipation on every side, and he saw that the criminal in this particular locality was master. A child that was an outcast among such environments generally was doomed. But Brady emerged from it and accomplished much good for this nation.

Brady was as ragged, dirty, and hungry as any of his companions, and he was rapidly developing the same cunning that enabled them to exist on that ragged edge of humanity. No society at that time made a specialty of shielding children from cruelty, and the boy received his full share of brutality.

Rescued from the Slums.

In 1853 several humane men and women sought, through the establishment of the Children's Aid Society, to care for the growing army of destitute and outcast children in the city, and to rescue all children from the districts in which vice was rampant. It had to fight its way into the infected districts, and it had a long struggle before it wrung from people an acknowledgment of the good work accomplished. But from the outset good results were obtained.

Brady was about eight years old when his case came to the notice of the society's officials. They took him out of the cellar where he existed when he was not on the street, washed him, clothed him, and fed him. Then a place was found for him on the farm of Judge John Green, of Tipton, Indiana.

The change from city to country life was not agreeable, and a couple of times he started to run away. He turned back again, for Judge Green had treated him kindly and had already begun to educate him. As his education proceeded, Brady evinced aptness and acuteness, and the fascination of study steadily grew on him. He worked on the farm, taught school a little, worked hard at his books, fitted himself for college, and earned enough money to sustain himself there.

Worked His Way Through Yale.

He worked his way through Yale University and the Union Theological Seminary and became a clergyman. One of the first things he attempted was to assist boys who were situated as he once was. He accomplished something by working with them in New York City, but his one idea was to get them away from the city and its influences.

He had his own case constantly before him. Even with the assistance and kindly interest of Judge Green it had been a terrible struggle to get through college. Often for weeks at a time Brady had lived on one scant meal a day and had gone insufficiently clothed. He felt that if he could accomplish what he had done under such adversities, other boys given an earlier and better start could accomplish more.

With that purpose in view he took up seventeen hundred acres of land in Texas and attempted to start an industrial farm. Funds were lacking because people had little faith in the ability of farms to save gamins, and in a short time the farm had to be abandoned. The plan on which it was started has since then been adopted in other places, and it has been the means of putting hundreds of boys on the right road.

The failure of the industrial farm was a hard blow to Brady, but it did not discourage him. In 1878, together with Dr. Sheldon Jackson, he went to Alaska as a missionary. Even so short a time ago as that, Alaska was to most people a place of "fogs and ice and polar bears," and they looked upon Charles Sumner as an extravagant and foolish statesman for having by his insistence worried the government into giving Russia seven million two hundred thousand dollars for this Territory.

Goes to Alaska.

When Brady arrived there the place had about thirty thousand inhabitants, of whom nearly twenty-five thousand were Indians. Much was being made of the salmon catch, but the waste with which it was carried on was criminal. The salmon industry, seal-fishing, and prospecting were all the people had to depend upon.

Brady came to believe that Alaska had a future and that what it needed at the moment more than missionaries was an economical organization of business. So he helped to form the Sitka Trading Company and became its manager. This company managed, even before the discovery of gold, to spread information about Alaska throughout the United States, and it prevented the permanent dwellers there from living in a state of semi-starvation during the winter months, as had hitherto been the custom.

After it was found that gold existed in large quantities, the Sitka Trading Company continued to work for the development of Alaska as other than a mere mining camp. Today, while the annual gold output ranges between nine and ten millions of dollars in value, the receipts from the annual salmon pack is equal to the amount of money this country paid Russia for Alaska.

A strong man and one thoroughly acquainted with Alaskan conditions was needed as governor in 1897, and President McKinley appointed John Green Brady to the post. His services as governor were of immense value to the Territory and to the nation, and when he resigned the post in 1906 the sound organization of the Territory had been accomplished and its future was assured.

[The Scrapbook, Volume 2, 1907, submitted by C. Danielson]

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John Green Brady, missionary, manufacturer and statesman of Sitka. Alaska, was born June 15, 1849, in New York City. ln 1897-1905 he was governor of the territory of Alaska. He is proprietor of a steam saw mill in Sitka.

[Herringshaw's American Blue Book of Biography; Prominent Americans (1913) page 124; MZ - Submitted by FoFG]

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John Green Brady: Ex-Governor of A'aska, and recently Independent Missionary and Manager Sitka Trading Co. Born June 15. 1848, at New York. Received his early education

from Judge John Green, Tipton, Ind., to whom he was sent by the Children's Aid Society of New York, in 1859; worked his way through Yale (A.B., 1874), and Union Theol. Sem. (grad. 1877); ordained to the Presbyterian ministry. 1S78. Engaged 1,700 acres of land in Texas, where he proposed to establish an Industrial reform colony for New York slum boys, but on account of lack of funds It was abandoned. Missionary at Sitka, Alaska, with late Dr. Sheldon Jackson, 1877-79. Address: Sitka, Alaska, U.S.A.

[International Who's Who (1912) page 168; MZ - Submitted by FoFG]

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John Green Brady: Residence-530 West 122d Street, New York City; Born May 25, 1848, in New York City.

He was married in Cochranton, Pa., October 20, 1887, to Miss Elizabeth Patton, Maplewood Institute, Pittsfield, Mass., '83, daughter of Hugh Patton, a merchant of Cochranton, Pa. They have five children, all born in Sitka, Alaska:
John Green, Jr., born August 1, 1889.
Hugh Picken, Yale '14, born February 19, 1891.
Sheldon Jackson, born September 22, 1892.
Mary Beattie, born April 29, 1894.
Elizabeth Coley, born September 1, 1896.

Brady was governor of Alaska from 1897 to 1906 and is now temporarily residing in New York.

[Biographical Record of the Class of 1874 in Yale college: Part 4th 1874-1909; published 1912, page 22; MZ - Submitted by FoFG]


Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr.

Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. (July 18, 1886 - June 18, 1945) was a Lieutenant General in the United States Army during World War II. He served in the Pacific Theater of Operations and commanded the defenses of Alaska early in the war. Following that assignment, he was promoted to command the 10th Army, which conducted the amphibious assault (Operation Iceberg) on the Japanese island of Okinawa. He was killed during the closing days of the Battle of Okinawa by enemy artillery fire, making him the highest-ranking U.S. military officer to have been lost to enemy fire during World War II. Buckner, Leslie J. McNair, Frank Maxwell Andrews, and Millard Harmon, all lieutenant generals at the time of their deaths, were the highest-ranking Americans to be killed in World War II. Buckner and McNair were posthumously promoted to the rank of full four-star General on July 19, 1954 by a Special Act of Congress (Public Law 83-508)

Early life and education

Buckner was the son of Confederate General Simon Bolivar Buckner, Sr. and his wife Delia Claiborne. His father was Governor of Kentucky from 1887 to 1891, and was the Gold Democratic Party's candidate for U.S. Vice President in 1896.

Buckner was raised near Munfordville, Kentucky, and attended the Virginia Military Institute. He was appointed to West Point (class of 1908) by President Theodore Roosevelt. He served two military tours in the Philippines. During World War I, he served as a temporary major, drilling discipline into aviator cadets. Career

Inter-war period

For the seventeen years beginning May of 1919, his assignments were not with troops but with military schools as follows: four years as tactical officer at USMA, West Point NY; one year as student at The Infantry School at Ft. Benning GA; four years at the Command and General Staff School, Ft. Leavenworth KS, with the first year as a student (distinguished graduate), then three years as instructor; four years at the Army War College, Washington DC, with year one as student then three years as Executive Officer; four more years at West Point, as Assistant Commandant and Commandant of Cadets. At West Point, "His rule is remembered for constructive progressiveness, with a share of severity tempered with hard, sound sense, and justice." Commented differently by one cadet's parent, "Buckner forgets cadets are born, not quarried".

He was with troops for the rest of his career. In September of 1936 he became Executive Officer of the 23rd Infantry Regiment at Ft. Sam Houston TX. Promoted to colonel in January 1937, he was rapidly given command of the 66th Infantry (Light Tank) at Ft. Meade MD. In September of 1938 he was given command of the 22nd Infantry at Ft. McClellan AL. From November 1939 to August 1940 he was Chief of Staff of the 6th Division at Camp Jackson SC, Ft. Benning GA, and Camp Beauregard LA.

Alaska

Buckner was promoted to Brigadier General in 1940 and was assigned to fortify and protect Alaska as commander of the Army's Alaska Defense Command. He was promoted to Major General in August 1941. Though comparatively quiet, there was some combat when World War II commenced. The Japanese attacked Alaska in the attack on Dutch Harbor 3-5 June 1942, and seized the islands Kiska and Attu as a diversion. The Battle of Attu, Operation Landcrab, occurred in May 1943, and Kiska was invaded in August, 1943. This constituted the Aleutian Islands campaign. In 1943, he was promoted to Lieutenant General.

Battle of Okinawa In July 1944, Buckner was sent to Hawaii to organize the 10th Army, which was composed of both Army and Marine units. The original mission of the 10th Army was to prepare for the invasion of Taiwan; however, this operation was canceled, and Buckner's command was instead ordered to prepare for the Battle of Okinawa. This turned out to be the largest, slowest, and bloodiest sea-land-air battle in American military history. According to an eyewitness account, on June 18, 1945, Buckner had arrived in his command jeep which was flying its standard 3 star flag, to inspect a forward observation post. Visits from the general were not always welcome as his presence frequently drew enemy fire, which usually happened as General Buckner was departing. Buckner had arrived with his standard bright three stars showing on his steel helmet and a nearby Marine outpost sent a signal to Buckner's position stating that they could clearly see the general's three stars on his helmet. Told of this, Buckner replaced his own helmet with an unmarked one. However, a small flat trajectory Japanese artillery projectile of unknown caliber (estimated 47mm) struck a coral rock outcropping next to the general and fragments entered his chest. Buckner was carried by stretcher to a nearby aid station, where he died on the operating table. He was succeeded in command by Marine General Roy Geiger. Total American deaths during the battle of Okinawa were 12,513.

Buckner was interred in the family plot at Frankfort Cemetery in Frankfort, Kentucky.

Personal life

Buckner was married to Adele Blanc Buckner (1893-1988). They had three children: Simon Bolivar Buckner III, Mary Blanc Buckner, and William Claiborne Buckner.

Awards

Distinguished Service Cross
Army Distinguished Service Medal
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
World War I Victory Medal
American Defense Service Medal
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal

Legacy

Named in honor of Buckner:

Fort Buckner, an Army sub-post of the Marine Corps' Camp Foster on Okinawa, is home to the 58th Signal Battalion and includes a small memorial to its namesake.

USNS General Simon B. Buckner (T-AP-123), an Admiral W. S. Benson class troop transport.

Nakagusuku Bay on the East side of Okinawa was nicknamed "Buckner Bay" in the 1940s by American military personnel. They often refer to it as such to this day, even in official correspondence.

West Point's Camp Buckner, where yearlings (incoming sophomores) go through Cadet Field Training (CFT).

Several places built in Alaska during Cold War-related military construction, including:
Buckner Gymnasium (also Fieldhouse and Physical Fitness Center) at Fort Richardson (now part of Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson) in Anchorage, Alaska, a post which the general established during World War II.
The Buckner Building in Whittier, Alaska, once the largest building in Alaska by square footage.
Buckner Drive in the Nunaka Valley subdivision of Anchorage, originally built as military housing.
Buckner Drive in Fort Leavenworth's Normandy Village.
Buckner Gate at Fort Shafter, Hawaii.

Source: Wikipedia


Fred T. Bunker

Bunker, Fred T., real estate dealer of 1144-79 Dearborn St., Chicago, Ill., was born Sept. 8, 1859, in Illinois. He is a director of the Alaska Cold Storage company and other corporations.

[Herringshaw's American Blue Book of Biography, 1915; submitted by cddd]


John Edward Chilberg

Chilberg, John Edward, banker of 803 Ninth ave., Seattle, Wash, was born Jan. 19, 1867, in Wapello county, Iowa. He is president of the Miners' and Merchants' bank of Alaska and other banks.

[Herringshaw's American Blue Book of Biography, 1915; submitted by cddd]


Wilford Bacon Hoggatt

Governor of Alaska territory, was born Sept. 11, 1865, in Paoli, Ind. In 1884-98 he was a naval officer; and since 1899 has been a mining engineer. In 1906 he was appointed governor of Alaska for the term ending in 1912.

[Progressive Americans of the Twentieth Century, 1910; submitted by cddd]

 


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