Alaska Genealogy Trails

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Boroughs/Census Areas

Alaska Borough Map
Name Class Largest town
(As of 2000)
Established Origin Etymology Area
Aleutians East Borough Sand Point 1987
Its location in the east Aleutian Islands, which are themselves of uncertain linguistic origin; possibly derived from Chukchi word aliat ("island") 6,988 sq. mi.
Aleutians West Census Area Unalaska 1961 The Borough Act of 1961 created "The Unorganized Borough" including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class Borough. Location in the western Aleutian Islands. 4,397 sq. mi.
Anchorage Consolidated City-Borough Anchorage 1975
Derived from the presence of a safe place to anchor and unload supplies for construction of the Alaska Railroad circa 1913, thereby creating a community. 1,697 sq. mi.
Bethel Census Area Bethel 1961 The Borough Act of 1961 created "The Unorganized Borough" including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class Borough. City of Bethel, the largest settlement in the census area, which is itself named for the Biblical term Bethel ("House of God"). 40,633 sq. mi.
Bristol Bay Borough Naknek 1962
Named in 1778 by Capt. James Cook for George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol. 505 sq. mi.
Denali Borough Healy 1990
From Denali, the tallest North American mountain, which means "great one" in the Dena'ina language 12,750 sq. mi.
Dillingham Census Area Dillingham 1961 The Borough Act of 1961 created "The Unorganized Borough" including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class Borough. The city of Dillingham, the largest settlement in the area, which was itself named after United States Senator Paul Dillingham (1843-1923), who had toured Alaska extensively with his Senate subcommittee in 1903. 18,675 sq. mi.
Fairbanks North Star Borough Fairbanks 1964
Named for its Borough seat of Fairbanks, named in turn for Charles Fairbanks (1852 - 1918), U.S. Senator from Indiana and vice president under Theodore Roosevelt, and for Polaris, the North Star 7,366 sq. mi.
Haines Consolidated City-Borough Haines 1968 (Consolidated 2002)
After Haines, which was itself named for Mrs F.E. Haines, the key fundraiser for the construction of a Presbyterian mission in the town. 2,344 sq. mi.
Hoonah-Angoon Census Area Hoonah 1961 The Borough Act of 1961 created "The Unorganized Borough" including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class Borough. The cities of Hoonah and Angoon 7,444 sq. mi.
Juneau
Hosted by Dennis & Cathy Danielson
Consolidated City-Borough Juneau 1970 The City of Juneau merged with the City of Douglas and the surrounding Borough to form the municipality Joseph "Joe" Juneau, prospector and co-founder of the city. 2,716 sq. mi.
Kenai Peninsula Borough Soldotna 1964
The Kenai Peninsula, whose named may be derived from "Kenayskaya", the Russian name for Cook Inlet. 16,013 sq. mi.
Ketchikan Gateway Borough Ketchikan 1963
The Borough seat of Ketchikan and the Borough's gateway location on the Alaska-Canadian border. 4,840 sq. mi.
Kodiak Island Borough Kodiak 1963
Named after Kodiak Island, which may itself be named for the Koniag people 6,560 sq. mi.
Kusilvak (Formerly Wade Hampton) Census Area Hooper Bay 1961

2015

The Borough Act of 1961 created "The Unorganized Borough" including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class Borough.

In July 2015, the name was changed to Kusilvak
Wade Hampton III (1818-1902), a Confederate cavalry leader during the American Civil War.

In July 2015, the name was changed to Kusilvak.
Kusilvak means the high one, the name of the highest mountain in the area, located between Scammon Bay and Mountain Village.
17,194 sq. mi.
Lake and Peninsula Borough King Salmon 1989
The Borough's many large lakes, and the Alaska Peninsula 23,782 sq. mi.
Matanuska-Susitna Borough Palmer 1964
Named for the valley that the Matanuska and Susitna Rivers form. 24,682 sq. mi.
Nome Census Area Nome 1961 The Borough Act of 1961 created "The Unorganized Borough" including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class Borough. City of Nome, the largest settlement in the census area. 23,001 sq. mi.
North Slope Borough Barrow 1972
The Alaska North Slope along the Brooks Range. 88,817 sq. mi.
Northwest Arctic Borough Kotzebue 1986 In 1986, residents of Kotzebue and 10 other area villages voted to form the Northwest Arctic Borough (with boundaries coincident with those of NANA), to be economically based on taxing the Red Dog mine, then under development. Its geographic location and position above the Arctic Circle. 35,898 sq. mi.
Petersburg Borough Petersburg 2013 Incorporated after voters approved Borough formation in December 2012. Named for Norwegian immigrant Peter Buschmann, founder of the former city of Petersburg. 3,829 sq. mi.
Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area Craig 1961 The Borough Act of 1961 created "The Unorganized Borough" including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class Borough. Prince of Wales Island and the town of Hyder (Known as Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan prior to the expansion of Ketchikan Gateway Borough in 2008) 3,760 sq. mi.
Sitka Consolidated City-Borough Sitka 1971
Derived from Tlingit word Shee At'ika, meaning; "People on the outside of Shee (Baranof Island)". 2,874 sq. mi.
Skagway Borough Skagway 2007
Derived from Tlingit word Shgagwei, meaning "a windy place with white caps on the water." 452 sq. mi.
Southeast Fairbanks Census Area Deltana 1961 The Borough Act of 1961 created "The Unorganized Borough" including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class Borough. Its location, southeast of Fairbanks 24,814 sq. mi.
Valdez-Cordova Census Area Valdez 1961 The Borough Act of 1961 created "The Unorganized Borough" including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class Borough. Cities of Valdez and Cordova 34,319 sq. mi.
Wrangell Consolidated City-Borough Wrangell 2008 Formerly part of Wrangell-Petersburg Census Area Ferdinand von Wrangel, Russian administrator of Alaska, 1840-49. 2,570 sq. mi.
Yakutat Consolidated City-Borough Yakutat 1992
Yakutat Bay and the Yakutat Alaska Native people 7,650 sq. mi.
Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area Galena 1961 The Borough Act of 1961 created "The Unorganized Borough" including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class Borough. Yukon River ("great river"; in Gwich'in), which flows through the census area; and the city of Koyukuk 145,900 sq. mi.

Source: Wikipedia, transcribed by dd

 


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