Welcome to Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska
A Proud Part of the Genealogy Trails Group
Welcome to the Genealogy Trails website for Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska
Our goal is to help you track your ancestors through time by transcribing genealogical and historical data and
placing it online for the free use of all researchers. This is a continuation of our original Illinois Trails History and Genealogy Project
and we are excited about this opportunity to expand into other states.
We welcome your feedback and comments, and of course, your data contributions. If you have transcribed data that
you would like to have posted on this website, please send it to us.
If you would like to be kept informed of our state and county website updates, subscribe to our mailing lists
This Site is Available for Adoption!
We are looking for a coordinator for this site.... folks who share our dedication to putting data online and are
interested in helping this project be as helpful and useful to researchers as it can be. If you are interested
in joining our group as host of this site, view our Volunteer Page for further information
Location and Climate
The Fairbanks North Star Borough is located in the heart of Interior Alaska, and is the second-largest population
center in the state. Fairbanks lies 45 minutes by air from Anchorage and 3 hours from Seattle.It lies at approximately
64.833330° North Latitude and -147.716670° West Longitude . The area encompasses 7,361.0 sq. miles of land
and 77.8 sq. miles of water. Interior Alaska experiences seasonal temperature extremes. January temperatures range
from -66 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit. July temperatures range from 30 to 99 degrees Fahrenheit. Annual precipitation
is 10.37 inches, with 67.8 inches of snowfall. During the winter months, if the temperature drops below -20 degrees
Fahrenheit, ice fog can occur. Fairbanks is known for its lingering summer days. When the solstice arrives, there
are more than 22 hours of daylight.
History, Culture and Demographics
Koyukon Athabascans have lived in this area for thousands of years. Fairbanks developed when the Chena steamboat
landing brought many non-Natives to Fairbanks during the Pedro Dome gold rush. The population of the area continued
to increase after construction of the Alcan Highway and the Trans-Alaska oil pipeline.
The population of the community consists of 9.9% Alaska Native or part Native. The Fairbanks area is the second
largest population settlement in Alaska.
Communities located within the Borough include:
College, Eielson Air Force Base, Ester, Fairbanks, Fox, Harding Lake, Moose Creek, North Pole, Pleasant Valley,
Salcha, and Two Rivers. Fairbanks is the borough seat.
Economy and Transportation
City, Borough, State and federal government agencies, including the military, provide over one-third of the employment
in the Borough. The Borough School District and the University of Alaska Fairbanks are the primary public employers.
Approximately 6,000 residents are military. Retail services, gold mining, tourism, transportation, medical, and
other services are the primary private sector activities. The Fort Knox hardrock gold mine produces 1,200 ounces
daily with 360 permanent year-round employees.
The Richardson Highway, the Parks Highway, the Steese Highway and the Elliott Highway connect the Interior to Anchorage,
Canada and the lower 48. Truck, rail and air services provide transportation of cargo. Scheduled jet services are
available at Fairbanks International airport.
Fairbanks is home to the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the oldest college in Alaska.