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World War II 
Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer


During World War II, three of the outer Aleutian Islands Attu, Agattu and Kiska were invaded and occupied by Japanese troops. They were the only part of the continental territory of the United States to be occupied by the enemy during the war. Their recovery became a matter of national pride.

On June 3, 1942, the Japanese launched an air attack on Dutch Harbor, a U.S. naval base on Unalaska Island, but were repelled by U.S. forces.  A few days later, the Japanese landed on the islands of Kiska and Attu, where they overwhelmed Attu villagers. The villagers were taken to Japan, where they were interned for the remainder of the war. Aleuts from the Pribilofs and Aleutian villages were evacuated by the United States to Southeast Alaska.

Attu was regained in May 1943 after two weeks of intense fighting and 3,929 American casualties. The U.S. then turned its attention to the other occupied island, Kiska. From June through August, tons of bombs were dropped on the tiny island, though the Japanese ultimately escaped via transport ships. After the war, the Native Attuans who had survived their internment were resettled to Atka by the federal government, which considered their home villages too remote to defend.

In 1942, during World War II the Alaska Canada Military Highway was completed, in part to form an overland supply route to America's Russian allies on the other side of the Bering Strait. Running from Great Falls, Montana, to Fairbanks, the road was the first stable link between Alaska and the rest of America. The construction of military bases, such as the Adak base, contributed to the population growth of some Alaskan cities. Anchorage almost doubled in size, from 4,200 people in 1940 to 8,000 in 1945.

U.S. World War II Draft Registration 1942

Name

Birth Date

Birthplace

Residence

Race

Jeff Alcorn

24 Jul 1895

Rogersville CO, Alaska

Tulare, California

White

Alfred Anderson

27 Jul 1878

Seldovia, Alaska

Sf, California

White

John Eugene Anderson

12 Jan 1893

St Joseph, Alaska

Hamilton, Ohio

White

Oscar Anderson

13 Jun 1879

Sitka, Alaska

Santa Clara, California

White

Manuel j Arraial

20 Jan 1878

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

 

Manuel j Arraial

20 Jan 1878

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

 

Nicolai Andrew Astashkin

12 May 1896

Sitka, Alaska

Mason, California

White

James Selvester Balance

31 Dec 1879

Junaeu, Alaska

Norfolk, Massachusetts

White

James Selvester Balqnce

31 Dec 1879

Juneau, Alaska

Norfolk, Massachusetts

White

Harvey j Bates

4 Dec 1896

Harshman, Alaska

Montg, Ohio

White

Joseph Wallace Bates

18 Jun 1883

Little Rock, Alaska

Contra Costa, California

Negro 

George Beck

2 Apr 1884

Nome, Alaska

San Francisco, California

White

George Alsted Bennett

4 Jul 1888

Sitka, Alaska

Newport News, Virginia

White

D b Benton

25 Dec 1894

Halchubbel, Alaska

Hamilton, Ohio

Negro 

Roy Fred Bentz

6 Aug 1894

Dolton, Alaska

Lucas, Ohio

White

Diolino Da Silva Benzeiro

15 Aug 1890

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Diolino Da Silva Benzeiro

15 Aug 1890

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Joseph Alevdo Bettencourt

12 Jan 1890

St George, St George Island

Petrluma, California

White

John Boles

29 Jul 1882

Juneau, Alaska

San Joaquin, California

White

Chris Klans Borden

18 Dec 1880

Alaska

Camden, New Jersey

White

Willis Broady

18 Apr 1892

Berminghans, Alaska

Jersey City, New Jersey

Negro 

William Phillip Callaghan

2 Jun 1894

Deadwood Creek, Alaska

San Francisco, California

White

Jose Mathews Camara

12 Mar 1896

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Jose Mathews Camara

12 Mar 1896

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

AL Carston

23 Mar 1890

Nome, Alaska

Shasta, California

White

Joseph Carvalho

30 Nov 1894

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Joseph Carvalho

30 Nov 1894

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Isadore Augustus Casenhiser

21 Jul 1887

Akron, Alaska

Summit, Ohio

White

Joseph James Chebotayewich

31 Jul 1885

Dutch Harbor, Alaska

Contra Costa, California

White

David Alexander Cohen

21 Apr 1884

Kodiak, Alaska

Sonoma, California

White

Max Cohen

28 Jun 1896

Alaska, Alaska

Santa Rosa, California

White

Claude Arnold Colwell

3 Aug 1893

Kodiak, Alaska

Mah, Ohio

White

Wallace Vance Cooper

26 Jun 1891

Hot Springs, Alaska

Contra Costa, California

White

Manuel Cordeiro

15 Oct 1884

St Michael

Fall River, Massachusetts

White

Vincente Coute

8 Feb 1886

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Giovanni m Cristiano

12 Aug 1883

San Angelo, Alaska

Boston, Massachusetts

White

Giovanni m Cristiano

12 Aug 1883

San Angel, Alaska

Suffolk Boston, Massachusetts

White

William Croft

1894

Alaska

Sonoma, California

 

Michael Peter Cumskey

5 Nov 1896

Sitka, Alaska

Ala CO, California

White

John Andrew Cunningham

2 Feb 1879

Unga, Alaska

Middlesex, Massachusetts

White

John Andrew Cunningham

2 Feb 1879

Unga, Alaska

Middlesex, Massachusetts

White

Alex Curgoem

15 Aug 1878

Fairbank, Alaska

Sonoma, California

Indian 

Jose j D'Arruda

24 May 1883

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Manuel Romiz D'Arruda

15 Aug 1893

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Rey Demetrius Stephen Darin

1 Aug 1891

Kenai, Alaska

Lorain, Ohio

White

Jake Darnell

22 May 1896

Sitka

Sharp, Arkansas

White

Manuel Darocha

14 Apr 1895

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Pedro Darocha

29 Jun 1885

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Frank De Mello

16 Jul 1894

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Felizhento De Souza

10 Jun 1885

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Harry Debarr

17 Mar 1890

Sitka, Alaska

Sf, California

White

Manuel Decouto

15 Aug 1884

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Manuel Decouto

15 Aug 1884

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

William Harmon Dederick

29 Jul 1887

Unga, Alaska

Crawford, Pennsylvania

 

Frank Demello

16 Jul 1894

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Felizhento Desouza

10 Jun 1885

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Joiner William Dickson

12 Jun 1896

Magnolia, Alaska

Fairfax, Virginia

White

George Dowd

4 May 1882

Atto, Alaska

Napa, California

White

Arthur w Dryden

18 Dec 1892

Braggs, Alaska

Butte, California

White

Alex Watson Edge

21 Sep 1893

Nushejak, Alaska

E P G & E CO

White

Thornton Emmons

23 Jul 1890

Sitka, Alaska

Franklin, Ohio

White

Eric l Empy

8 Jan 1891

Salt Lake City, Alaska

Alameda, California

White

Jasper Talbert Engel

16 Apr 1896

Fort Cudahy, Alaska

New York, New York

White

Will Vernon Fitch

27 Jul 1892

Kv, Alaska

 

Negro 

Frank Fortin

29 Dec 1894

Alaska

Newport, Rhode Island

White

Otho Lorenzo Foster

3 Sep 1896

Dermott, Alaska

Mah, Ohio

Negro 

William Willard Foster

27 Aug 1888

Unga Island, Alaska

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 

John Fastino Fragozo

30 Jan 1881

St Michael

 

White

John Fastino Fragozo

30 Jan 1881

St Michael

 

White

Manuel Moniz Galvao

15 May 1882

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

William Robert Gibson

Apr 1890

Fairbanks, Alaska

Calaveras CO, California

White

Walter Frank Graham

26 Jan 1892

Mobile, Alaska

Sonoma, California

White

Henry Manford Gray

9 Feb 1895

Vian, Alaska

San Joaquin, California

White

Teril Haveril

2 Mar 1894

Nome, Alaska

Eureka, California

White

George Oden Hewitt

9 May 1893

Douglas, Alaska

Lake, California

White

George h Hobden

4 May 1893

Nome, Alaska

Cincinnati, Ohio

White

William Peter Hobson

15 Jun 1892

SE Alaska Killisnov, Ten of Alaska

Almeda, California

White

Abram Zane Hoffman

7 Aug 1887

Sitka, Alaska

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 

Charles Herman Holz

14 Oct 1894

Juneau, Alaska

Arlington, Virginia

White

Owen Jack Hoyle

11 Feb 1881

Fort Wrangell, Alaska

Sacto, California

White

Sam Jefferson

17 Oct 1879

Montgomery, Alaska

Ham, Ohio

Negro (Black)

Fred Jensen

4 Jul 1888

Aleutian Islands, Alaska

New York, New York

White

Alvin w Johns

14 Feb 1887

Portage, Alaska

Napa, California

White

Millard F Johnson

10 Sep 1880

Fairbanks

Sullivan, Indiana

White

Alfred Anthony Joseph

30 Jan 1883

St Michael

Barnstable, Massachusetts

White

Kurt Adoph Martin Kahnert

30 Oct 1894

Kasaan, Alaska

Atlantic, New Jersey

White

Wilfred Allen Kemp

1 Nov 1895

Little Rock, Alaska

Balto, Maryland

 

Middleton Garfield Kenedy

21 Apr 1881

Cordova, Alaska

Prince Georges, Maryland

 

Frank Chester Kennedy

5 Dec 1889

Little Rock, Alaska

White Hall, Maryland

 

Paul Albert Kininnook

24 Mar 1892

Ketchikan, Alaska

Sf, California

Indian 

Make George Kolomoy

13 Mar 1888

Anchorage, Alaska

Shasta, California

White

Michael P Kosdapoff

14 Oct 1879

Citka, Alaska

New York, New York

White

Charles Kruger

10 Nov 1892

Naknek, Alaska

San Francisco, California

White

Henry Alexia Leighton

25 Jan 1889

Nome, Alaska

Essex, Massachusetts

White

Henry Alexis Leighton

25 Jan 1889

Nome, Alaska

Essex, Massachusetts

White

George H Levitt

28 May 1892

Unga, Alaska

New York

White

Aaron Levy

18 Jan 1878

Wrangell, Alaska

Alameda, California

White

Jason Paul Loomis

22 May 1895

Juneau, Alaska

C C CO, California

White

John Henryk Lyk

21 Jun 1881

Alaska

 

White

John Henryk Lyk

21 Jun 1891

Alaska

New York, New York

White

Manuel Rapoza Macedo

1 Aug 1890

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Seth Allan MacKay

20 Mar 1892

Ft Wiangel, Alaska

Alameda CO, California

White

James Magee

10 Sep 1882

Alaska

Queens, New York

White

Andrew Marinos

30 Nov 1892

Nome, Alaska

New York, New York

White

Paul William Marrett

28 Apr 1895

Sitka, Alaska

S f, California

White

John De Souza Martin

16 Dec 1880

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

John Desouza Martin

16 Dec 1880

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

John b Mattos

11 Aug 1887

St George Island

Stanislaus, California

White

Joseph Joaguim Mattos

7 Feb 1888

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Joseph Joaguin Mattos

7 Feb 1888

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

William Henry McCornick

18 Oct 1889

Douglas, Alaska

Alameda, California

White

Philip Stethem McLean

12 Jun 1892

Siteka, Alaska

Essex, New Jersey

White

Henry McPhee

22 Dec 1891

Forty Mile, Alaska

Providence, Rhode Island

White

Henry McQuesten

19 May 1890

Circle City, Alaska

Contra Costa, California

White

John Meier

21 Jun 1896

Juneau, Alaska

Berks, Pennsylvania

 

Nick Melekian

15 May 1889

Turkey, Alaska

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Paul Melvin

18 Jul 1890

Kodik, Alaska

Contra Costa, California

White

Antonio e Mendonca

29 Mar 1892

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Cornelius Miller

16 Oct 1892

Alaska

Allegheny, Pennsylvania

 

Hubert Clay Miller

29 Aug 1888

Pine Bluff, Alaska

Hamilton, Ohio

White

Paul Frank Miller

12 Oct 1895

Alaska

Allegheny, Pennsylvania

 

Waldo-Cogswell Mills

22 Sep 1895

Sitka, Alaska

Ala, California

White

Siemund S w Mogilnickij

4 Jan 1884

Alaska

Rich, New York

White

Sigmund S w Mogilnickij

4 Jan 1884

Austria, Alaska

Rich, New York

White

Joe Moniz Mondoza

 

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Manuel Moniz

28 Jan 1897

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Manuel Moniz

28 Jan 1897

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Miller y Morris

23 Dec 1893

Alaska

Summit, Ohio

Negro (Black)

Alexander Nard

15 Mar 1896

Evergreen, Alaska

Mah, Ohio

Negro (Black)

John Alfred Nelson

5 Mar 1896

Fairbanks, Alaska

Contra Costa, California

White

Moses Nofziger

17 Dec 1892

Alaska

Fulton, Ohio

White

Walter Roymond Owens

29 Dec 1883

Welch, Alaska

Shasta, California

White

Andrew Jackson Parkerson

15 Jun 1881

Canadian Switch, Alaska

San Joaquin, California

White

Samuel Kendall Paul

14 Aug 1883

Wrangell, Alaska

Union, New Jersey

White

Thomas Pedersen

15 Nov 1887

Iliamna, Alaska

Kings, New York

White

Charles Peoples

3 Nov 1895

Fanest City, Alaska

Lucas, Ohio

Negro (Black)

Francis Alves Pereira

4 Dec 1883

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Arthur Mayland Perkins

3 Jan 1889

Nome, Alaska

Washington, Vermont

White

Sergy Peroueshin

2 Apr 1894

Sitka, Alaska

Bx, New York

White

Horace C Prevost

13 Jul 1896

Tanana, Alaska

Bucks, Pennsylvania

 

Antone Rebello

19 Apr 1889

St Michael

Fall River, Massachusetts

White

Antone Rebello

16 Sep 1891

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Antone Rebelo

16 Sep 1891

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Manuel Franandes Reis

22 Apr 1883

Saint Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Jack Renleen

30 Nov 1879

Rlonlik, Alaska

Sacramento, California

White

Delbert Earl Replogle

31 Jul 1896

Douglas, Alaska

Bergen, New Jersey

White

William Herbert Richardson

23 Oct 1896

Sitka, Alaska

S f, California

White

John Rosenberg

4 Apr 1896

Unimak Island, Alaska

Sonoma, California

White

Charles Rush

13 Aug 1890

Cordova, Alaska

Yolo, California

White

Armistead Thompson Mason Rust

4 Jun 1894

Sitka, Alaska

Montgomery, Virginia

White

George Viall Salle

13 Jan 1884

Camden, Alaska

Essex, New Jersey

White

Lionel L Sawyer

14 Apr 1893

Fairbanks, Alaska

New York, New York

White

Joseph David Schmidt

10 Jun 1895

Alaska

Creek, California

White

Wm Carroll Schuler

6 Feb 1896

Juneau, Alaska

Ala, California

White

Joseph Samuel Sheehan

22 Jan 1890

Unalaska, Alaska

Baltimore, Maryland

 

Steward Shook

15 Nov 1881

Upper Mount, Bethel Township

Northampton, Pennsylvania

 

Frank Sollik

5 Nov 1885

Sitka, Alaska

San Francisco, California

White

Manuel Alfred Souza

24 Feb 1890

St Michael

New Bedford, Massachusetts

White

Manuel Alfred Souza

24 Feb 1890

St Michael

New Bedford, Massachusetts

White

Eric Percy Stone

20 Jan 1892

Sitka, Alaska

Providence, Rhode Island

White

Carl Symonds

3 Jan 1881

Sitka, Alaska

Marin, California

White

Manuel Souza Teixeira

9 Nov 1893

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Amos Tell

15 Apr 1895

Wagner, Alaska

Contra Costa, California

Negro 

Charles m Thomas

8 Apr 1888

Texacana, Alaska

Lake, Indiana

Negro

David Wilfred Thomas

13 Mar 1893

Ketchikan, Alaska

Alameda, California

White

Michael Tishaeff

8 Nov 1895

Kulukak, Alaska

New York, New York

White

Henrique Souza Travassos

14 Jan 1894

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Theodore James Tremblay

24 Apr 1895

Songoss, Alaska

Kings, New York

White

Harry Uca

1 Jan 1887

Alaska, Alaska

Essex, Massachusetts

Indian 

John Medeiras Varoa

29 Jun 1888

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

John Mederios Varoa

29 Jun 1888

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Joseph Victoria

28 Mar 1897

Saint Michael

Stonington, Connecticut

White

Manuel Camata Vieira

9 Jan 1878

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Monuel Camara Vieira

9 Jan 1878

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Frank Pontes Viera

8 Dec 1885

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Frank Pontes Viera

8 Dec 1885

St Michael

Bristol, Massachusetts

White

Herbert Walton

6 Sep 1886

Cordova, Alaska

New York City

White

Yacel Konstanten Wash

3 Aug 1884

Holy Cross, Alaska

Hudson, New Jersey

White

George Frederick Weaver

17 Feb 1892

Skagway, Alaska

NY, New York

White

Daniel Webster

1 Oct 1883

Un, Alaska

Sacto, California

White

Carl Henrik Werenskiold

21 Jun 1891

Portlande, Alaska

Queens, New York

White

Arthur Rudolph West

19 Oct 1892

Juneau, Alaska

Alameda, California

White

Harry Julius West

25 Oct 1890

Jancan, Alaska

Alamenda, California

White

Louis Henry Murray White

17 Sep 1888

Juneau, Alaska

Suffolk, Massachusetts

White

Ralston Ferris White

7 Nov 1889

Juneau, Alaska

Suffolk, Massachusetts

White

Ralston Ferris White

7 Nov 1889

Juneau, Alaska

Suffolk, Massachusetts

White

Albert Burr Williams

24 Nov 1883

Salizo, Alaska

Stanislaus, California

White

Hartley Williams

13 Oct 1896

Cordova, Alaska

Solano, California

Indian 

John Sidney Williams

8 Feb 1889

Nome, Alaska

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 

Nicholas Charles Williams

27 Oct 1888

Sitka, Alaska

Ala, California

White

Jesse Yarbrough

15 Nov 1889

Hebora, Alaska

Lake, Indiana

Negro 

Carl Alexander Zuboff

29 Nov 1887

Sitka, Alaska

 

White


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