Genealogy Trails

ARIZONA COMMISSIONS



THE TAX COMMISSION
The Arizona Tax Commission, is to the raising of revenue what the Corporation Commission is to the matter of regulating corporations, and the creation of this Commission places Arizona greatly in advance of many of the older and more completely organized States. Here there will be throughout the State a practically uniform system or levying and collecting taxes systematized and placed upon a business-like foundation. So powerful is this body that it can subpoena witnesses and punish for failure to answer the process; it can hail county assessors before it and punish them for any infraction of the orders of the Commission ; it can put aside the rulings of the County Boards of Equalization and substitute others in their places; and it can direct the Attorney General or County Attorneys to institute suit for the collection of back taxes or unpaid penalties. All the forms and blanks used by the individual assessors and collectors are prescribed by the Tax Commission. Great as are the powers accorded this body, the work laid out for it will equal, if not exceed, the metes of its powers, as every incorporated town and city in the State must be visited by the members of the Commission, in order that a comprehensive knowledge of tax values throughout the State may be acquired. In addition to which, the Commission is charged to investigate all complaints of unjust taxation and to determine to what extent thp complaint is founded on fact. The law provides that all assessors shall furnish annually to the Commission the tax rolls of their respective counties, as a basis for their work. Before the filing of their preliminary report, the compiling of which will be a monumental task, two years are allowed to elapse, and a biennial report will be required thereafter with recommendations of changes which seem necessary to the best interests of the State. The task of naming the men who would compose the Commission was Governor Hunt's, and since it necessitated the selection of three men exceptionally well informed on the subject of taxation and state affairs in general, it proved no easy one to him, but his selection has met with general approval. A little information of general interest regarding each of the Commissioners follows :
Who's Who In Arizona Volume 1 1913 Complied and Published by Jo Connors

C. M. ZANDER was chairman of the Tax Commission in May, 1912, and is chairman for the years 1913 and 1914. He is a native of Wisconsin, having been born in Milwaukee in 1875. His grammar school education was obtained in Minneapolis, Cairo and Bay City, Michigan, and in Eastman, Wisconsin. He finished his schooling at the Omaha High School, where he maintained himself by owning and carrying circulation routes on the Omaha World Herald at the time W. J. Bryan was editorial writer for it. He cast his first vote for Bryan in 1895 before coming to Arizona, and firmly believes he will yet cast another and winning vote for his first choice. In December, 1896, Mr. Zander came to Phoenix. Almost upon his arrival he formed a lasting friendship with the present Governor, Geo. W. P. Hunt, then member of the Territorial Legislature, from Gila County. For four years he had control of the circulation of the Arizona Republican. In 1901 he became the first probate clerk of Maricopa County, and upon the expiration of his term in that office he removed to Buckeye, where he took an active part in the development of that section. For four years, as secretary-treasurer and general manager of the White Tank Canal Company, he was forced to bear the brunt of one of the bitterest water wars ever \vaged in Arizona. The successful outcome of that issue has brought Mr. Zander much deserved commendation from the farmers of that section and the business men of Phoenix. For several years he was deputy assessor of Maricopa County, in which capacity he made the best possible use of the opportunities afforded him to study land values and methods of taxation. He met with much opposition in his fight for fairness in taxation and that experience wr ill prove a valuable aid in making decisions as member of the Tax Commission. Mr. Zander has for some time been associated with the Valley Realty and Trust Company, which connection he severed to become Tax Commissioner. In 1901 he was married to Miss Clara Miller, daughter of the late Winchester Miller, one of the noted pioneers of Tempe. After a happy married life of six years, Mrs. Zander died suddenly, leaving her husband and two small children to mourn her loss. Mr. Zander is of German extraction, but like all typical Americans, the blood of many nationalities runs through his veins Dutch, German, French, English, Irish and Scotch. He believes in standard breds rather than thorough breds. He comes from fighting stock too, his family has been fully represented in every war of the Republic since its foundation and in the French and Indian wars of the Colonies. Likewise, his is a race of insurgents, as his people engaged in conflict against the English in 1776 and the South in 1861. In 1896 he thought it time for the North to get a licking so he became a radical Democrat, thereby perpetuating the traditions of his race. Ever since, he has been a strenuous advocate of the rule of the people. In religion, Mr. Zander has very strong convictions, yet he holds to breadth and tolerance, and is more interested in the principles that underlie the different sects of the Christian faith than in the minor differences that separate them. He is a member of the Grand Lodge Order Knights of Pythias. Commissioner Zander is well esteemed for his sterling worth and his many friends prophesy a period of great usefulness as a member of this powerful body.
Who's Who In Arizona Volume 1 1913 Complied and Published by Jo Connors

CHARLES R. HOWE, member of the Tax Commission from Cochise County, is one of the practical assessors of the State. He is also a native of Wisconsin, and was born at Darlington, May 8, 1871. At the age of twelve he moved with his parents to South Dakota, where they encountered many of the hardships incidental to life in a new country. Here they remained eight years, when they moved to Southern California. In Los Angeles Mr. Howe attended the Los Angeles Business College, and was graduated from three departments with honor, being the only one out of a class of 200 who received diplomas from two departments in the same year. Here also he met Miss Maude L. Henderson, now Mrs. Howe, who was a classmate of his. For four years Mr. Howe held position as Assistant Secretary of the Merchants & Manufacturers' Association of Los Angeles, which he resigned in 1901 to come to Arizona. He settled in Cochise County, which is still his home, and took a position with one of the large mining companies. He soon became interested in politics and in 1905 was made Clerk of the Board of Supervisors of Cochise. Two years later, when made assessor, he found the county with an assessed valuation of less than $10,000,000, and an abnormally high rate of taxation, and during the first year of his administration the assessed valuation was more than doubled, the rate lowered, and the income increased. It was about that time that Mr. Howe began making a profound study of the tax matter and acquired knowledge that proved very valuable and was largely used in the drafting of the bill creating the Tax Commission, and which will undoubtedly be of inestimable worth in determining matters that come before the Commission. Mr. Howe has also served as Secretary pro tern, of the Fair Commission and later of the Cattle Sanitary Board, which he resigned to devote his entire attention to his duties as Tax Commissioner. He is well known and exceedingly popular, and belongs to the Elks, Knights of Pythias and Fraternal Brotherhood.
Who's Who In Arizona Volume 1 1913 Complied and Published by Jo Connors

The Arizona Land Commission
 (By Mulford Winsor, Chairman Land Commission)
By the terms of the Enabling; Act, under which Arizona was admitted to the Union, the new state has the right to select from the unappropriated, non-mineral public lands, for the benefit of her various institutions, two million three hundred and fifty thousand acres, in addition to which four sections in each township 2, 16, 32 and 36 are set aside for the benefit of the public schools. Since the area of the state is 1 13,000 square miles, it may be seen that the public schools of Arizona will receive the benefit of about eight million acres of land, while the total acreage of state lands for all purposes is brought to nearly ten and a half millions. Is it strange that the state should look well to the conservation of this princely inheritance? These lands are valuable for many purposes timber, grazing, agriculture, etc. but chief among them is agriculture. Immense as is Arizona's mineral wealth, and much greater as it will grow, it is destined that the state's fame, in years to come, will be based upon its extensive and varied agriculture. The valleys and mesas of this great inland empire, marked by every degree of climate from temperate to tropical, are rich beyond compare, lacking only water to make them add to the world's production of food stuffs. And there are many ways of developing water by means of storage reservoirs, for the impounding of the floods which annually wash the mountain sides and fill the intervening canyons; by means of dams to divert the streams of the valleys from their channels ; by means of artesian wells, and in other ways. Only a few of the opportunities afforded by nature for the watering of Arizona's hitherto waste places have as yet been taken advantage of, therefore a very small percentage of the land has been cultivated. It is now the state's business, having accepted these millions of acres, to select them. Then it is the state's business to so administer this great wealth as to bring the greatest good to the greatest number. It is in this spirit that the new state has approached the subject. In the absence of definite information as to the lands to be selected, or of the uses to which they and the school sections may be put, the first state legislature deemed it wise to postpone the establishment of a definite and permanent plan for their handling, control and disposition, and to appoint a State Land Commission, of three members, whose duty it is to make personal examination of the public lands of the state, select the most valuable in satisfaction of the grants for institutions, investigate the school sections, and secure all information concerning their desirability and adaptability, and to make report to the governor and legislature, setting forth a complete and detailed plan of handling all of these lands. The commission consists of Mulford Winsor of Yuma, chairman ; Cy Byrne of Pinedale, a practical forester, and William A. Moody of Thatcher, a man of wide experience in land matters. The chief clerk of the board is E. J. Trippel, wrho was for a number of years registrar of the United States Land Office for Arizona. . The commission has a full realization of its great responsibility, and hopes to discharge it in creditable manner.

The Arizona Land Commission is not only gathering, for the benefit of the legislature, even sort of information that can be of any value and there is a world of it but is building the foundation of what it is thought will be the greatest, most comprehensive and most perfectly systematized State Land Office in the Union. When the examination now being made of school lands is complete, and the institutional grant lands shall have been selected, the land office records will show, in the most intelligible and comprehensive form, all that anyone could possibly wish to know about any sub-division thereof. Whether the lands are to be sold or leased, or both, there need be no guesswork. What each tract is good for, what it contains and what it is worth, can be told, and reliably, at a glance. Nor is this all. The Land Commission considers state-building to be its chief duty, and is therefore gathering information which will enable it to make accurate and intelligent reply to the thousands of queries that will doubtless come to it from all quarters, whether such inquiries relate to state lands, government lands, or lands in private ownership, or to general or local conditions. There will be accurate data regarding irrigation enterprises completed, undertaken or projected and irrigation possibilities; regarding the industries in which Arizona is concerned, and the adaptability of the different sections to their development ; regarding everything of value to the prospective home seeker, investor or business man. In short, the Land Commission proposes to know all there is to know about Arizona, to record the facts in get-stable form, and to use them to the state's best advantage. It is a great and inspiring work, which has been entered upon with enthusiasm, and is being carried forward vigorously and optimistically.
Who's Who In Arizona Volume 1 1913 Complied and Published by Jo Connors

Mulford Winsor, chairman of the State Land Commission, was born in Jewell City, Kansas, May 31, 1874. His father was editor of the Jewell City Republican, and when but seven years old, he began to get an insight into the work of a newspaper office, and much of his education was obtained in this way. In 1885 the family moved to Fort Smith, Arkansas, where he worked at the printing trade and attended high school while serving as journeyman printer. With politics as with newspaper work, he early acquired a thorough knowledge of the subject, and since his coming to Arizona he has been a remarkable influence in the Democratic party, an in flue nee distinguished by his consistent advocacy of progressive principles. He came to Prescott in 1892, where he remained two years, and then removed to Yuma. In journalism he is a leader in the state, and a writer of exceptional ability, being both fluent and accurate. Mr. Winsor was the first historian of Arizona, and his work in this particular is widely known. In 1896 he established The Yuma Sun, and he has also owned and edited The Tucson Citizen, Phoenix Enterprise, and Daily Globe, of Globe. As editor of the latter paper he wrote the first editorials appearing in the state advocating the Initiative, Referendum and Recall, and calling upon the Democratic party to champion the cause of popular government in connection with the work of framing Arizona's constitution. He was selected in Yuma county as delegate to the Constitutional Convention, and was Chairman of the Committee on Legislative Departments, which had charge of the Initiative and Referendum Article of the Constitution. Mr. Winsor was secretary to Governor Hunt until his appointment as member of the Land Commission. He is a member of the Yuma Lodge of Elks, and has served as District Deputy Grand Exalted Ruler, the highest honor to be conferred by this order in the state.
Who's Who In Arizona Volume 1 1913 Complied and Published by Jo Connors


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