NEW CAPTAIN FOR RANGERS
Governor Brodie yesterday issued
a commission to Thomas H. Rynning of Douglas, Arizona, to be captain of
the Arizona Rangers, vice Burton Mossman of Bisbee, resigned. In making
this appointment recognition is given a deserving and thoroughly
competent man to fill a position the laborious duties of which the
territory has not become fully acquainted with.
Mr. Rynning was second
lieutenant of B troop of the Rough Riders. He was with Roosevelt and
Brodie in Cuba, being in all the engagements from the battle of La
Guaymas up to the surrender at Santiago. During this campaign he won
distinction for gallant and daring deeds and no doubt his record on the
battle-field did much, if it was not his entire influence, toward
securing his appointment as the Ranger's captain. Mr. Rynning, although
a comparatively young man, has been on the frontier all his life,
he knows well the geography of
the territory, which knowledge will be of unlimited benefit to him in
performing his official duties.
Mr. Mossman, the retiring
captain of the Bangers, and the band's first leader, has shown how
badly needed by the territory was such an organization. His record, the
making of which he owes considerable to his men, has been a splendid
one. His private interests in Bisbee became such that last July he
decided they needed his undivided attention, and his resignation was
tended to the governor.
The sergeant of the Arizona
Rangers is appointed by the captain and commissioned by the governor.
It is likely this appointment will be made the first of next week.
—Phoenix Gazette, 1902
Thomas H. Rynning, second
captain of the Arizona Ranger organization, was born in Christiana,
Norway in 1866. He came to the United States when he was two years old.
In 1885, as a mere boy, he enlisted in the U. S. Cavalry in Texas. That
was a period when a cavalryman had something to do. Young Rynning,
under Ceneral Phil Sheridan, was in a campaign against the southern
Cheyenne Indians in Indian Territory. Following that campaign and still
as a trooper in the Eighth cavalry, he served under Lieutenant Samuel
Fountain in Arizona against the Chiricahua Apaches in 1885 and 1886. On
account of his reliability he was detailed to carry dispatches out of
the Sierra Madre mountains in Mexico to General George Crook in
Arizona. He was with Leonard Wood at the capture of Geronimo. With his
command he marched to Dakota territory in 1888, which was the longest
ride by cavalry in the world. There they relieved the famous Seventh
cavalry (Custer's old regiment) and pursued Sitting Bull into British
Columbia. He was honorably discharged from the army in 1891 with a
record of 17 battles against the Indians.
Rynning then went to California
and from there he settled in Tucson, Arizona in 1893 where he became a
building contractor. Having failed to see enough trouble in the
military, after four years of successful contracting, along came the
Spanish-American war and he could not resist the temptation to enlist
with Roosevelt's Rough Riders. He went in as a private, was promoted to
sergeant and left as a second lieutenant in Troop B. He went to Cuba
with Colonels Theodore Roosevelt and Leonard Wood.
It is not generally known
that an exceptional responsibility fell to him in the battle of San
Juan. Just before the advance up Kettle hill, when the Rough Riders
were deployed in loose formation and impatiently lying in the grass and
brush under galling fire, an officer of the regulars passing alone the
lines went up to Lieut. Rynning and stated that Capt. "Bucky" O'Neill
had just been killed and ordered Rynning to take charge of that section
of the line. Just at that moment there was a spontaneous decision of
the Rough Riders, officers and enlisted men alike, that they would not
await orders where they were but would advance. Under Rynning the
charge up Kettle hill began and was carried out with great success.
With an enlisted man, Rynning was the first to reach the summit of the
hill, and mounting a great over- turned sugar kettle (which gave its
name to the hill) directed the enlisted men to hold aloft the Rough
Rider regimental flag as a rallying point; and it was while the two
were standing on that kettle that the famous flag [which now rests in
the museum of the Department of Library and Archives in the state
capitol building in Phoenix] was riddled with bullets. Following the
rally on Kettle hill the Rough Riders and the regulars on each side of
them pressed on to victory at the summit of San Juan hill.
Upon his return from the service
he resided in Safford and also in Tucson, engaging again in the
In 1902, when Alexander O.
Brodie, who was a lieut. Colonel with the Rough Riders, was elevated to
the governorship of the Territory of Arizona, Tom Rynning was appointed
captain of the Arizona Rangers, succeeding Burt Mossman, resigned. At
that time he was residing in Douglas, Arizona, and upon taking charge
of the Rangers, moved the headquarters from Bisbee to Douglas. Under
his leadership the Rangers became widely known for their handling of
strikes in the Bisbee and Morenci areas. In 1906 a copper strike in
Cananea, Mexico, where Americans as
well as Mexicans were employed
as miners at Colonel William C. Greene's copper mines there, brought on
a bitter conflict between factions over wages. Volunteers were called
in and Captain Rynning headed a force of volunteers from the
Bisbee-Douglas-Naco area, and as private citizens, put down the rioting
and bloodshed with the aid of the Mexican Ruralcs under the leader-ship
of Colonel Emilio Kosterlitzky.
In 1907 Hynning was appointed
warden of the territorial prison at Florence, Harry Wheeler succeeding
him as the third and last captain of the Arizona Rangers. Rynning
supervised the new penitentiary's construction with the aid of convicts
brought there from the old territorial prison at Yuma which was being
abandoned. He held that post until statehood in 1912, when a Democratic
regime took over, but in 1921, when the Republicans came into power
again, Rynning was again named to his old job as superintendent of the
Rynning went to San Diego,
California, after his first term as warden at the Florence prison had
ended, and was commissioned as deputy United States marshal for the San
Diego division in 1934. He also served as an undersheriff there. Tom
Rynning died in San Diego June 18, 1941, at the age of 75, and was
buried at Fort Roscrans cemetery in that city.
A shooting affray occurred at
Douglas Sunday night which resulted in the death of one man and the
serious wounding of another when Ranger W. W. Webb shot and instantly
killed Lorenzo Bass in the "Cowboy" saloon. The coroner's jury decided
that the deed was justifiable homicide and exonerated Webb.
The bullet which killed Bass by
penetrating his heart, passed through his body and lodged in the
abdomen of Ranger McDonald. The physicians in attendance reported that
McDonald's chance for recovery' was good.
The killing of Bass is
considered to have been provoked by him. According to the evidence he
made an assault upon Webb with a revolver, and was shot dead instantly
before he could make another move. McDonald took no part in the
trouble, and was standing near when the trouble look place.
Webb and McDonald entered the
saloon together. They stepped up to the bar and were about to lake a
drink when Bass, who dealt Monte in the place, ordered them to leave.
This the men refused to do. and Bass stepping up to Webb, struck him on
the side of the face with the butt end of a revolver. Before Bass could
make another move he was shot through the heart and was a dead man. The
move by Webb was too quick for him and this is believed to be the
reason why Bass did not kill the Ranger. It is currently reported that
hi' had made threats to kill Webb on sight
Bass was between Webb and
McDonald when the shot was fired. After passing through his heart the
bullet struck McDonald about the waist line and went upward. He fell to
the floor, telling Webb to give any of the others the same kind of a
dose, if they made any breaks.
Additional details of the
killing of a man at Douglas by Ranger Webb were received at the office
of the governor in an official report by Captain Rynning. There is a
disreputable street in Douglas known as Sixth street. There was a
disturbance on that street and a deputy constable asked Webb to
accompany him to make an arrest. They arrested two men and took them
away. Soon after that some shooting was heard in that neighborhood and
Ranger Webb and the deputy constable went back to see what was going
on. On his way back Webb met three other Rangers, Barefoot, Peterson
and McDonald, who had just returned from a long trip. They went
together into the Cowboy saloon and dance hall. The proprietor, Lon
Bass, who Captain Rynning says was one of the toughest men he ever met,
came up to Webb and said something about the Rangers coming into his
place without being called. He swore that they could not make trouble
there and his language was very abusive.
Captain Rynning said he had
ascertained that Bass drew his gun, when Webb quick as a flash fired
and shot him through the heart and before he fell shot him in the side.
The people of that street, the captain said, have an animosity against
all officers as he knows by personal experience, having once gone there
himself to put down a disturbance. At the time of the killing all of
the Rangers were perfectly sober. The captain says that there is a
clique of cow thieves along the border and that they stand in with the
As soon as the killing occurred
Webb was turned over to Constable Dayton Craham [former Ranger] .and as
there is no convenient jail there a couple of Rangers were appointed to
guard him. At the time the report was made up a coroner's inquest was
in progress. Captain Rynning believes there will be no trouble in
The story of the shooting as
gleaned from travelers who arrived here from the south is noticeably
different, though it in no way reflects on the Rangers. The stoiy is
that two or three weeks ago Ranger Webb and saloonkeeper Bass had some
trouble but later patched it up and spoke pleasantly. On the day of the
shooting Captain Rynning and Rangers Webb, McDonald and Peterson
arrested the two men referred to above, in the saloon, but that when
the second disturbance occurred only Rangers Webb and McDonald went to
the saloon to investigate.
As they approached the bar Bass
stepped from behind and hit Webb with the butt of his revolver,
whereupon Webb shot him twice, one bullet going through his heart and
the other lodging in his body. During the shooting a bullet passed
through the right lung of Ranger McDonald and lodged between the lung
and the surface. Though it had been probed for, it had not been
recovered at last account, and Ranger McDonald's recovery was
considered very doubtful.
Bass was known as a desperate
man and one who bore the scars of many battles. The pitiable thing in
connection with the incident is that Bass leaves several orphan
children, Mrs. Bass having died some time ago.
The Tombstone Prospector had
Ranger Webb was brought over to
Tombstone by Sheriff Lewis and Captain Rynning and placed in the county
jail where he will be held until Friday the 13th. when he will be taken
back to Douglas and given a preliminary hearing. After the coroner's
jury had exonerated Webb he was immediately arrested by the officers on
a charge of murder and will be given a hearing. In conversation
regarding the case Captain Rynning stated that "Webb had to kill Bass
or be killed himself," and added, "He is just as anxious as anyone to
have an examination held so that he could be cleared of the matter."
Bass had a gun when he came at
Webb, and from his actions it was plain he meant to fin-. Bass' friends
say that Webb will have a hard time clearing himself of the charge of
murder, while Webb himself says the shooting was purely self-defense.
McDonald's wound which was at first considered fatal, has proved
otherwise and the chances for his recovery pronounced very good.
The interesting question is, who
shot McDonald? It is thought by some that an employe of the saloon shot
him while the Other shooting was going on and others hold to the theory
that the bullet that passed through Bass entered the body of McDonald.
The Bisbee Review later wrote:
When the preliminary examination adjourned, the prosecution had not
finished presenting its witnesses. The testimony was strongly against
Webb, several of the witnesses stating that the
killing of Bass was unprovoked.
The strongest testimony was that of Al White, who is employed at the
Copper Queen smelter at Douglas, and was present in the Cowboys' Home
saloon when the shooting took place.
When the examination closed the
outlook for Webb was dark. If the testimony is to be believed he did
wrong in killing Bass. The Rangers were not downhearted at the outlook,
and say that Webb will not be bound over to the grand jury.
Yesterday the testimony of A. L.
White, John Wilton, E. L. Matrix, John Swords, Alex Gilchrist and James
Goode were heard. The last two testified that they were drunk when the
shooting took place, and are unable to throw any light on the affair.
The only exciting incident of
the day was the removal of C. F. Nichols, who acted as stenographer at
the coroners inquest His place was filled by W. C. Ferguson, formerly
of Bisbee, at the request of Attorney English who alleged that Nichols
had not taken the testimony verbatim at the inquest.
The testimony of John Swords was
even more positive than that he gave at the inquest He stated under
oath that Webb shot without cause. The witness stated that he was in
the saloon when Webb and Bass entered. Webb had some words with Bass
and then placed a revolver against his side and fired. He fired another
shortly after. About four minutes before a shot was fired in the
saloon, he stated that he saw Bass make no move as if to injure Webb.
He stated that the wound on Webb's cheek was the result of a glass
being thrown by one of the girls in the saloon. He swore that he did
not see a gun in the hands of Bass.
A. L. White testified that
Ranger Barefoot was quarreling with the bartender in the saloon, when
Bass entered the front door and wanted to know what the trouble was. He
stated that Webb then drew a revolver and shot Bass in the stomach. He
fell to the floor exclaiming, "Oh, my God!" Just before the shooting
Webb asked Bass what he was going to do, and the latter replied that he
would beat the face off him and put him out. The witness was certain
that Bass had no gun in his hand. He said one of the women threw a
glass at Webb.
John Wilton testified that Bass
entered the saloon, and told Webb to "cut it out" and that he would
"punch him." Then Webb shot twice and killed him. Wilton was positive
that he saw no gun in the hands of Bass and that he did not strike Webb.
E. L. Mattix, who is a miner,
was in the saloon when the shooting took place. He said that Bass
entered the front door, and asked Webb what was the trouble. Words
passed between the two men, and then Webb shot and while Bass was
falling he fired the second shot. Like the others he did not see any
gun in the hands of Bass.
The courtroom was crowded to the
doors during the examination of witnesses. At the request of the
defense, all witnesses were excluded from the courtroom while the
others were giving their testimony. This is done to prevent any
Incidently, the fire at Douglas
yesterday morning which destroyed the saloon in which the killing
occurred, destroys all evidence of a material nature with reference to
the assertion that Webb fired a shot into the floor a few minutes
before he killed Bass. Outside of this it will have little bearing on
the issues of the case owing to the prosecution and defense having
witnesses at their disposal who can testify to the condition of things
in the saloon, just before and after the shooting was done.
Regarding the fire at Douglas,
the Bisbee Review reported: The Copper Belt theatre, Cowboys* Home
saloon and restaurant, adjoining the theatre, were completely destroyed
by fire Friday. As far as can be ascertained the fire was the outcome
of a quarrel between a Mexican prostitute and her lover, who lived in a
back room of the Cowboys' Home. During the quarrel the woman threw a
lamp at the man. It struck the wall, broke, and set the place on fire.
The house being a light frame structure, lined with cloth and papered,
the fire spread with great rapidity to a small shack adjoining,
occupied as a restaurant; all were soon in flames.
The Cowboys' Home was owned by a
man named Coats. It and all the contents were a total loss. This is the
saloon in which Lorenzo Bass was killed. The Copper Belt theatre was
owned by J. O. Philips. He saved his piano, cash register, cigars and
liquors, but all the fixtures were a total loss.
It is not known why, but for
some minutes after the hose was attached to the hydrant there was no
water with which to fight the fire. Some say it was fully twenty
minutes before the water came on in sufficient force with which to
fight the fire.
Editor's Note; The Webb case
came to trial after numerous delays, during the district court
proceedings at Tombstone, and after a four-day trial, the jury returned
a verdict of not guilty and Ranger Webb was discharged and surities on
bond released. Webb was honorably discharged from the Ranger service at
the expiration of his one-year enlistment, September 18, 1903. At the
bottom of his certificate of discharge Captain Rynning wrote:
"Excellent service, honest and faithful. A fearless and reliable
The legislature, in 1903, passed
a law doubling the number of the Arizona Rangers. It has been claimed
that during the last two years it was possible for the Rangers to cover
only a limited portion of the territory, because of the small number
provided by the original law. The new act doubles the force, and we
hope to see the efficiency of the force more than doubled as a result.
One of the results of the Ranger
force is to relieve the counties of the territory of much of the
expense of hunting down criminals and bringing them to justice, and
especially should this relief be desirable in the border counties,
where hard characters are most likely to put in an appearance and make
The Rangers can accomplish much
and be more powerful for good, in our opinion, when they work in
harmony and in conjunction with the sheriffs office in the various
counties of the territory. This has not been done to a great extent
lately; on the other hand there seems to have grown up a kind of
jealous rivalry between the sheriffs and the Rangers. We hope now that
the Rangers have been increased in number, that a new policy will be
adopted, and that Captain Rynning will seek to do his work in harmony
with the various sheriffs of the territory. The Rangers could be
stationed in the several counties, with instructions to hold themselves
in readiness to give assistance to the sheriff. This would save much
expense to the counties, and the sheriffs could have an equipped force
at the expense of the territory.
The doubling of the Ranger force
in Arizona we believe will cause cattle rustlers and other hard
characters to steer clear of this section, and if this proves to be the
result, then the legislature has done well. We believe the Rangers have
been a benefit to the territory, and we hope to sec the company grow in
efficiency until the last cattle thief has been driven out. But the
Rangers are by no means entitled to the credit for the good work that
has been done by the sheriffs of Cochise and Graham counties in
rounding up many hard cases during the past two years in this part of
the territory. Sheriffs Lewis and Parks have both been active, and have
accomplished much, and they deserve the praise due when duty is well
Now that we have an adequate
Ranger force, let it be used to the best advantage, and in our opinion
harmonious work with the sheriffs of Arizona will be the best plan to
—Solomonville Bulletin, 1903
Badges were of solid silver and
lettered in blue enamel with engravings etched in blue. Captain's,
Lieutenant's, and four sergeants' badges had rank in blue above the
word Arizona; badges worn by privates had numbers, one to twenty. In
addition, each man carried a warrant of authority and commissions were
issued to the officers.
Editor's Note: According to the
bill there will be twenty privates, four sergeants, a lieutenant and
captain on the force. This is an increase of eight privates and four
sergeants. The new salary scale for the force is as follows, one of the
provisions being that they own and keep their own horses: captain,
$175; lieutenant, $135; sergeants, $110; privates, $100. The captain
and lieutenants are allowed to ride on the trains free of charge. The
remainder of the force must make their moves on horseback.
An added feature of the new law
was to the effect that the captain shall provide and issue to each
Ranger a badge, uniform in size and shape, with the words "Arizona
Ranger" inscribed thereon in plain and legible letters, which badge
shall be returned to the captain upon the said Ranger going out of the
The trouble in Graham county
resulting from the putting into operation of Arizona's new eight hour
law  has finally reached a stage of contest for supremacy between
the properly constituted authorities and the disorderly element among
the 3,500 striking miners, mostly Mexicans and Italians, at Clifton,
Morenci and Metcalf, a trio of mining towns closely clustered in the
The Clifton Copper Era stated:
For the past week the strike
situation at Morcnci has been most critical. There were from twelve to
fifteen hundred of the miners, mostly well armed who practically had
control of the
camp and compelled the companies
to close dieir mines and cease to operate their tramways. Last week
Sheriff Parks arrived on the scene with a large number of deputies from
the valley, and swore in others until he had sixty men under him. Then
twenty-four Rangers arrived, but this force was inadequate to cope with
the strikers, who had stationed themselves on the surrounding hills,
and by their long range rifles commanded the situation. At one time
they had it in their power to capture or kill all the deputies and
Rangers, as they were surrounded by twelve hundred armed miners, who
jeered the officers and laughed at them, then defied them to advance
further. A battle which meant the extermination of the officers, as
well as death to many strikers was averted only by the coolness and
good judgement of Sheriff Parks, his deputies and the Rangers. Had a
gun been fired accidently on either side, there would have been an
awful slaughter. It would have been a fight to the finish, because a
braver or better lot of officers was perhaps never before assembled in
one group than those under Sheriff Parks, and Captain Rynning of the
Ranger force, but it would have been of short duration, as the strikers
were fifteen to one. Sheriff Parks ordered a hall, and then a retreat,
which was accomplished without provoking the fire of the strikers. It
was a most trying and critical moment, and had not all of the officers
used good judgment a struggle would have been commenced which would
have been prolonged for many weeks at the expense of hundreds of lives
and the destruction of millions of dollars worth of property.
On Tuesday night the entire
Arizona National Guard, 230 men under command of Colonel James II.
McClintoek, Adjutant General, arrived on the scene, and on Wednesday
morning a number of leaders were arrested and placed in confinement,
and many of the strikers disarmed. A search was made of all the houses
for arms and cartridges, and some were found and confiscated, but it is
not thought that the miners were disarmed by any means, as it is known
that many of them have cached their arms in the hills.
Last night 250 troops from
Portal Grant and Huaehuca arrived and tonight as many more ore expected
from Texas, in all making more than 800 regulars and militia at the
scene of the trouble.
The deputy sheriffs at Morcnci
will now doubtless be withdrawn from Morenci and placed at Clifton and
Met calf, where it is possible their services may be needed later.
At one period Deputies Thompson,
Birchfield, Epley and Phillips were surrounded by several hundred
strikers, and told to deliver up their arms. The deputies dropped on
their knees, threw cartridges into their Winchesters and told the
strikers to come and get them. The strikers made no further
demonstration, and the officers were allowed to depart in good order.
All the citizens of Morcnci speak in tin; highest terms of praise of
the deportment, conduct and judgment exercised by Sheriff Parks, when
for more than a week with a mere handful of deputies he was able to
protect the lives and property of the citizens of the community.
In the same issue of the Copper
Era was this comment: Just as the Era goes to press it is learned that
the striking miners at Morenci have agreed to resume work at the terms
originally offered by the company, nine hours' pay for eight hours'
work. It is supposed the Metcalf miners will agree to the same terms.
A special dispatch to the Tucson
Star is as follows:
Clifton, Arizona, June 12,
1903.—Col. J. H. McClintock disarmed the strikers here yesterday. Today
the strikers have agreed to accept the company's terms. The strike is
therefore now over. Sheriff Parks and his deputies and Captain Hynning
with the Arizona Rangers have shown fine generalship throughout this
trouble and to them is largely due the credit of averting bloodshed.
General Sup't. Arizona Copper Co.
Editor's Note: Although no
mention was found in the newspapers as to any possible effects the
unprecedented flood which swept through the Clifton area had on the
sudden settlement of the strike and the end of hostilities, it seems
there is a possibility it may have, as in the same issue of the Copper
Era was this startling headline:
Unprecedented Disaster Wreck
Devastation and Death Caused By a Cloud Burst in Chase Canyon. Loss of
Life from Twenty to Thirty Persons—Only Seven Bodies Recovered—Many
Home- less and Much Damage Done—Hundreds of Men Cleaning Up the
Wreckage and Streets.
The old saying that "misfortunes
never come singly" has again been verified. When the strike situation
had reached an acute stage and an armed conflict between the officers
of the law and the strikers was momentarily expected, Clifton was
visited by the most disastcrous Hood in its history, sweeping into
eternity a score of human beings and causing untold property
losses. In the middle of Tuesday afternoon ominous clouds were
seen hovering over the mountains from the New England camp to Morenci,
and it was evident that heavy rain was falling. Telephone messages were
received from the Longfellow mine and Metcalf to look out for floods,
and word was sent up Chase creek, inhabited mostly by Mexican families,
and where the principal part of the town of Clifton is located, warning
the people to that effect. But few people realized the danger, and but
little attention was paid to the warning.
Then the storm broke loose in
Clifton, the rain falling in sheets, as if spilled from a mighty
reservoir, accompanied by hail as large as walnuts, propelled with
force as if shot from a gatling gun. The people ran for shelter to
their homes and stores. In an incredible short space of.time a
terrifying roar of angry, washing waters, which drove terror to the
hearts of those who realized its import, was heard above the roar of
the rain and hail and the deafening peals of continuous thunder and
lightning, which fairly rent the hills, and reverberated from crag to
crag of the narrow canyon which confines the limits of the town.
The flood waters struck the
upper end of the town with a breast of from six to eight feet, carrying
houses, horses, wagons and human beings on to the Frisco ( San
Francisco river was commonly called Frisco river by the locals.) river
with a speed and fury indescribable.
Not until then, when too late,
did the people realize their great danger. It might therefore be said
that the flood came without warning, as in fact it did to most people.
Houses were picked up and jammed against others only to break into a
thousand pieces, carrying their helpless occupants for a few hundred
feet, when they sank beneath the murky waters never to be seen alive
again. In a few moments the happy and prosperous town of Chase creek
was partially almost wiped from existence. The scenes of terror as
witnessed by many who were fortunate enough to be in the brick
buildings, or who had made their escape and were clinging to the rugged
sides of the mountains, were indescribable and can never be blotted
from the tablets of memory.
Wreckage and debris would pile
against a building or block up the narrow street, causing the water to
pile up until its force swept everything before it crushing strong
buildings, like egg shells, and hurling the debris with still greater
violence against another building, which, like its neighbor could not
withstand the force of the compact and was lifted from its foundation,
and dashed into fragments in a few seconds. And so it continued from
the upper end of the town of Chase creek to the Frisco river, a
distance of probably a mile. How anyone who was on the creek side of
the town escaped is a miracle, but hundreds did escape, many of them
being mangled and bruised from head to foot. Had this storm occurred in
the night time the loss of life would have been appalling.
Within a few moments the worst
was over, but the flood lasted for an hour before it commenced to
recede and it was a considerable time after that before any material
assistance could be rendered to those whose lives were imperiled in
buildings wrecked but still standing.
Owing to the strike hundreds of
men were in idleness and on the streets, but insofar as being able to
render assistance was concerned, they might as well have been a
thousand miles away.
The Douglas Dhpatch in 1905
carried a story from Phoenix, saying:
Seven of the Morenci rioters
were released from the territorial prison last week on the expiration
of their two-year terms. One of them, the leader, Three Fingered Jack,
sentenced at the same time, was not of the number. It will be
remembered that he took part in the last attempted prison break and was
sentenced to a term of ten years.
The Morenci strike following the
eight hour law which went into effect on June 1, 1903, was succeeded by
a riot which was put down by the National Guard, the Arizona Rangers,
United States troops in July.
Several of the more prominent of the rioters were arrested and tried in
the court of Graham county the following fall. Eight of them were
convicted and sent to Yuma prison. One of the number was an Italian and
a member of the Mafia, from which organization he received $5 per week
during his imprisonment. He had accumulated about $90 at the time of
the release of himself and his companions. They celebrated their
freedom by a drunk which has been given a place in the annals of the
town of Yuma. Two of the released went to Tucson, two went to Phoenix,
and the other three went to the Pacific coast.
KIDDER IN TROUBLE
Ranger Jeff Kidder, who some
time since was doing duty in this section, but recently transferred to
the southern portion of the territory, seems to be trying to make a
reputation for himself as a bad man, judging from the following from
the Bisbee Review of July 6:
"Who sent this Ranger in here
with his pistol to beat up men on the streets of Bisbee? What
provocation is there for inflicting a man with the methods of a thug,
bully and butcher upon a community that has the reputation of being
peaceful to a degree, excelled by no camp on earth? Is the reputation
of a member of the Ranger force to be made and maintained by the muzzle
end of a .45 in the hands of a hot-headed man wearing a star? Who gave
this man Kidder, wearing an. Arizona Ranger badge, the extraordinary
powers warranting him to cut men's heads open with the butt end of a
.45? Why are not our own officers ample to care for the peace of this
community? They have taken care of it in the past; they are still able
to do so without the savage assaults of a murderous mind, stimulated
with the idea that he's the whole cheese, if he can demonstrate his
ability of knocking out men and boys with his ever ready gatling., A
sorry affair, indeed, was that on the streets of Bisbee last night. Let
the captain of the Rangers come here—fair man as Captain Rynning is,
and take this man Kidder out of here, strip him of his star and badge
which gives him the authority to 'pack a gun' and use it like a crazy
man, unfitted to be an officer by every evidence in the world. The last
and most flagrant assault by this man Kidder was made early in the
evening, and as far as can be ascertained, and the Review man made
diligent search for all the facts in the case, was a wicked assault
made on a .young man named Radebush. He with companion was standing
near the front of the Turf saloon, on the sidewalk, and on the curb
thereof, when along came the great peace preserver of Arizona, his ever
ready shooting iron in his pocket, prepared for business. With a gruff
'You'll have to get off the streets here,' he pushed Radebush off the
sidewalk, where he had a perfect right to be. Radebush turned and said:
'Why, what's the matter with our standing here?' This was enough for
Mr. Kidder, the big man with the big gun. Arizona had been deadly
insulted by a common miner—a peaceful young fellow who works for the
Calumet and Arizona company, a young man who by scores of testimony
from such men as Lewis Hunt, Mayor Taylor and others state is a steady,
hardworker, without a particle of bad blood in him. This dreadfully
insulting remark of Radebush was enough for the dignity of the arsenal
packer. Out with his side kick, his .45, he immediately smashed poor
Radebush over the face with his deadly weapon and knocked the young man
cold. As he fell to the side-walk his forehead struck the cement walk
and was cut open. There he lay unconscious, the third victim of this
man strapped with a belt full of cartridges and a long toni gun, a new
weapon for slashing men brought into vogue in Bisbee.
"So cowardly, so vicious and so
brutal was the unprovoked assault that he (Kidder) was soon surrounded
by a thousand men, and cries of 'get a rope,' 'hang him.' 'string him
up,' came from a hundred throats, and it required but the leadership of
one single solitary man to have swept the other officers from the
street and strung Kidder to the first pole they came to. The feelings
of the citizens was aroused in a high pitch."
The Douglas American of July 7th
had the following relative to the trouble gotten into by Kidder:
"Ranger Kidder, charged with
beating several people over the head with a six-shooter Tuesday evening
while about making an arrest on Main street in Bisbee, was arraigned
yesterday in Judge McDonald's court at Bisbee on two charges of assault
and one of assault with a deadly weapon. In the first two cases he
asked for a change of venue, which was made to Tombstone, and in the
third waived examination, being hound over to the grand jury in the sum
of $1,600. There is a great deal of feeling over the matter in Bisbee.
Strong assertions is made by the men attacked and their friends that
the attacks were unprovoked and the work of an officer who exceeded his
authority. Bangers here expressed themselves yesterday and today as
deeply deploring the affair because of the reflection it cast upon the
Hangers as a body and as desiring the matter thoroughly sifted. If
Kidder is guilty as public sentiment appears to indicate, they want him
to receive the limit of punishment"
The above item, which was
reprinted in the Williams News, carried the following item two weeks
Last Wednesday at Tombstone
Hanger Kidder was convicted in the justice court on a charge of assault
and battery committed on the person of a man named Fagan in Bislwe on
the evening of
July 5th. The jury was out only
a short time, when they brought in a verdict of guilty as charged, and
the justice imposed a fine of $50.
The ease against the Ranger for
assault upon Graham was dismissed on account of witnesses of the
prosecution not being present. Kidder must answer another charge for
assault upon Radebush. This case will come up before the grand jury.
The Tombstone Prospector, in
November 1904, reporting the district court activities, listed the
Territory of Arizona vs. Kidder, plead not guilty. In December this
paper noted: Mr. Radcbush,
a witness in the ease of the
Territory vs. Jeff Kidder, is in town today. lie is oim* of the parties
whom Kidder is charged with having beaten up. In June 1905. the
Prospector said: The case of the Territory vs. Jeff Kidder, for assault
with a deadly weapon has been transferred to Pima county upon the
motion of the attorneys for the defendant filing affidavits to the
effect that by reason of biased and prejudiced published reports of the
ease the defendant could not secure a fair and impartial trial in this
district. This is the sensational case of alleged assaults made by the
officer at Bisbee on July 4th of last year.
Editor's Note: In checking
through various newspapers, no further mention was found in the case.
The Douglas Dispatch in November 1905 said: Ranger Jeff Kidder, who is
stationed at Naco, is in the city to transact official business and to
call on friends. He reports everything quiet in the vicinity of Naco.
WEST" IN TUCSON
"Hands up!" was the command
uttered by a masked brave at 11:30 o'clock last night in the Palace
saloon, and the seven men who were congregated in the place suddenly
realized that the crisp order meant business and that the days of the
Wild West were not altogether gone as six of them obligingly filed into
the back room at the right of the rear of the saloon and stood there
with uplifted paws.
For the seventh man, a carpenter
named M. D. Beede, had cut and run for it as soon as the would-be
holdup made his appearance. And to that fact Proprietor Kane of the
saloon probably owes the fact that he is still in possession of his
"bank roll" today.
At the time narrated, Decker,
the night bartender, was standing at the end of the bar; Lincoln, the
crap dealer, and Johnson, the roulette dealer, were behind their
respective games, while Beede, Matt Fayson, a miner, E. O. Smith, one
of the city's typos, and the colored porter were variously disposed
about the room engaged in conversation.
Suddenly there appeared through
the back door a man of ordinary build, dressed in a long, faded coat,
blue overalls, a dirty slouch imitation Panama hat, and with a red
bandana handkerchief covering bis face, through the punched eye-holes
of which glittered a pair of restless black orbs.
"Throw up your hands!" was the
command of the desperado, "and march into that side room," an order
obeyed by everyone except Beede, who was already out of the front door
like a flash.
The victims could not help
observing, in spite of their rather nervous condition, that the bandit
was in an equally nervous state, judging from his repeated jestures to
"hold 'em up higher," as he gradually edged toward the coveted crap
table money. This he would have reached in a few seconds at the rate he
was progressing when suddenly—"crack!" went a pistol shot, followed by
two others in rapid succession, and the gentlemen who had been doing
the living picture act suddenly got busy dodging bullets, but the
seance was very short, for as the smoke cleared away Sergeant Harry
Wheeler, of the Arizona Rangers, was seen standing in the front door
with a smoking revolver, while the holdup artist lay on the floor with
blood flowing from a wound in his head and another in his right breast.
Carpenter Beede had run into
Wheeler immediately after making his hurried exit, and thinking the
latter was about to go into the saloon, hurriedly ejaculated: "Don't go
in there—there is a holdup going on!" to which the Ranger answered:
"All right; that's what I'm here for," and cautiously advancing to the
saloon door, he opened it and at the instant was descried by the
robber, who pointed his big .45 Colt's at him and pulled the trigger,
but just a trifle too late, for the Ranger's gun had spoken first and
the bullet had grazed the right side of the bandit's head, staggering
him and undoubtedly destroying his aim. As it was his bullet whistled
harmlessly past the Ranger, who thereupon fired again, this time with
better effect, as the ball took effect in the man's right breast,
effectually putting him out of business for the time.
As he sank to the floor with a
groan the crowd closed in on him, seeing that there was no further
danger, and soon Dr. Olcott was called and was on the scene, doing what
he could for the man, who was seen to be very badly if not fatally
wounded. He was promptly removed to the hospital by the doctor's
orders, and at 10:30 a.m. today had very slight chances of recovery.
His name was ascertained to be George Anderson, and he came here from
Locust Grove, Georgia. Just who he is, or how long he had been here no
one seemed to know.
From the evidence of people on
the sidewalk during the shooting there was a fourth shot fired,
evidently at Mr. Wheeler from across the street, by a confederate of
Anderson, although neither Wheeler nor anyone in the saloon could vouch
for this. The fact remains, however, that a bullet went by Wheeler
which embedded itself in the leg of the roulette table and which, from
the line of firing, obviously must have been shot by somebody outside.
Sergeant Wheeler is a small man,
but he proved his right to his office thoroughly. "I am sorry that this
happened," said he to a Citizen reporter this morning, "but it was
either his life or mine, and if I hadn't been just a little quicker on
the draw than he was I might be in his position now. Under the
circumstances, if I had it to do over again I think I would do exactly
the same thing." This was said without the slightest air of bravado,
and merely as the plain statement of an officer. The sergeant had just
arrived from Willcox last night, where he is stationed and was leaving
Wanda's restaurant when he met Beede.
Ranger Wheeler telegraphed to
Captain Rynning, who was in Benson at the time of the shooting, and who
took the first train here. He went out to the hospital this morning in
company with a representative of the sherifFs office, in order to
secure an antemortem statement from the wounded man, in case his
injuries should terminate fatally.
In one of the foregoing
paragraphs, wherein the names of the occupants of the saloon were
mentioned, the name of "Policy Sam" Meadows was inadvertently left out.
Sam was there—very much so, according to his version, which is
undisputed by others.
It appears that the bartender
Decker, thought the matter was a joke at first, or else he is gifted
with a superabundance of nerve, for when the bad man first issued his
command to elevate the "digits," Decker jokingly held up first one
finger and then two, at the samp time asking his robberiets if that was
enough. But he was soon undeceived as to the man's mission, for that
worthy told him to "get a move on" in no uncertain terms, whereat he
At 2 o'clock Dr. Purcell, the
county physician, who went out to the hospital to attend the wounded
man, reported that his chances for living were practically nil, as he
was shot through the right lung as well as in the forehead above the
right eye, although the latter wound is not, of course, fatal. The
right eye is powder burned, according to the doctor, which supports the
theory advanced by some that the man shot himself, but this is scouted
by nearly all the eye witnesses of the affray. The Ranger is almost
positive that his bullets inflicted both wounds.
Bandit George Anderson finally
passed away, breathing his last at 3 a.m. today.
By the time the readers of this
paper are glancing over its columns, the true name of the bandit who
was shot last Sunday night by Hanger Wheeler may be known, for the
coroner's jury will then have been in session over an hour and the
infonnation may have been elicited from some witness. For the present,
though, it remains unknown as far as the people are concerned. The
story of the dead man whose remains have been viewed all day long as
they lay at the Reilly undertaking parlors, is a trifle out of the
common with regard to the usual lawbreaker of his class.
A week ago last Friday afternoon
a man well dressed in a dark suit, with a derby hat came into the San
Augustin hotel and asked proprietor Hall for a room for an indefinite
period, particularly wishing a room only, which is contrary to the
rules of the house. His request was granted, however, as he occupied
the apartment Friday and Saturday nights and was seen in the room early
Sunday evening by the domestic, but when the chambermaid went to make
up the bed Monday she discovered that the room had not been occupied
the night before.
After waiting a day or two, Mr.
Hall, thinking at first that in spite of the good appearance of the
guest, he had simply been done out of a little rent, took possession of
the neat traveling bag left there and locked the door. Subsequently he
remembered that the man had spoken of being pestered for money he owed
by people outside of this town, and putting two and two together, with
the reading of the- story of the hold-up and the mysterious bandit's
refusal to give his true name, at least as given out, he opened the
grip and discovered that its contents consisted of numerous letters,
telegrams and documents, in addition to a few articles of clothing.
These documents clearly
established the fact that the man was named Walter F. Stanley, and that
he was the advance contracting agent for the Independent Carnival
company. One of the letters is an introduction from Maynard Cunsul,
secretary of the recent Albuquerque fair, in which he commends both the
man and the show. Another letter establishes the fact that he recently
entered into a contract with Douglas people, including the Douglas
band, for a date for his show there. He had very evidently worked west
from Denver, Pueblo and other Colorado points, as the telegrams showed.
When, therefore, the man died
yesterday, Mr. Hall promptly reported his knowledge to the authorities
and turned over the grip and its contents. The man's wife is evidently
in Denver, and there is nothing to indicate that there are any
children. There was no money found in the grip and the man probably
didn't have any, or else he would have paid for his room in advance.
Now, however, comes the fact
that he had evidently made up his mind to commit the crime for which he
paid the penalty with his life, for as the readers of this paper will
recollect, in the story of the shooting, it was stated that there was
undoubtedly a shot fired at Ranger Wheeler from across the street,
probably by a confederate.
The night following the shooting
a man in a box ear of an east bound freight told his brother hobo
travelers that he had a wounded partner in Tucson. His information
reached the authorities and Ranger Wheeler took up the trail of the
confederate and at the time of the bandit's death, was twenty miles
east of Lordsburg, New Mexico, hot in pursuit. Then he was wired for by
the officials here to come back for the inquest today. Hence he had no
choice but to report here, which will probably result in the fellow's
escape for good.
As a final chapter, it is known
positively that the name Walter F. Stanley was an assumed name. The man
came from Locust Grove, Georgia, as has been stated, and it is
understood that Undertaker Reilly is in communication with parties
there—in fact, he received a wire today from that point, but the
contents have not been made public at this writing. They may, of
course, be brought out in the evidence before the coroner's jury.
LATER—This afternoon telegrams
were received by Mayor Schumacher, and Undertaker Reilly from the
father of the dead man, ordering him to be buried here, which will
probably be done tomorrow afternoon.
His real name is Joe Bostwick.
—Tucson Citizen, 1904
Arizona is by no means the
domain of the bad man. The burglar insurance people give lower rates
there on bank safes than they do in New York and yet with its vast
area, nearly thrice that of New York, policed by twenty-six men, the
Arizona Rangers, it would seem to be open to the highwaymen of the
country. But the Rangers are doubly efficient. They know the lay of the
land. They can track a man with all the skill of the Indian with scant
clews through a desert where few desperadoes could find their way.
Captain Rynning, the head of the
Ranger force, has his office at Douglas to be near the border, where
much of the Ranger work is done. The organization is secret. The men
are not generally known, so that they may work in a town without their
presence being suspected. Last year they found it necessary to kill but
one bad men, and this is certainly a record to be proud of, for they
covered 10,140 miles on their ponies and arrested 455 men. For a little
army that is doing about as well as the Arizona taxpayer could expect.
Along the Mexican border tho
Rangers co-operate with the Mexican Gendarmes Fiscales, a body of
frontiersmen, skilled Indian fighters, and enemies to desperadoes,
headed, strange to say, by a square jawed Russian, Amelio Kosterlitzky,
who came to the Mexican border years ago from the Russian army in
search of adventure, which was not then to be had at home. He is
dreaded by the border scoundrels, for the law in Mexico and its
administration gives him plenty of leeway.—Brooklyn (NY) Eagle.
—Douglas Dispatch, 1905
Land of mystery and intrigue and
home of the primitive Sen Indians. Lure of the adventurous and
sometimes doom for those less fortunate in coming back alive from its
The Douglas Dispatch, in May of
1905, tells of the return from Tiburon [te-voo-ron] Island, of Arizona
Charley and his party after an uneventful trip. He tells of their
having no firearms; that their weapons are the primitive bow and arrow
and wooden spear. He related that the Seri were expert in spearing
fish, which they eat raw; no evidences of cooking or of fire were seen.
From the indications, fish was about the only food of the Scris, as
there were no signs of agriculture or gardening, nor were there any nut
or fruit trees to be seen.
Physically, the Seris were said
to be much like the Cocopah Indians in Arizona—strongly built and
symmetrical in form, but apparently nothing warlike about them and that
it might be possible they were cannibalistic, as is often rumored, but
there was no indications of it.
The island itself showed
unmistakably that it is of volcanic origin, the surface being generally
rough and mountainous, and, though not barren, there is a sparse
vegetable growth in a few small valleys. There is a small tree on the
island that resembles the sycamore, the largest one noticed being not
four inches in diameter.
Tiburon Island is said to
contain about 20,000 acres, but it is thought that this estimate was
too great, and there is nothing especially attractive or inviting about
The Douglas Dispatch, later in
the month, had this item:
Thomas Grindell and G. Olin
Ralls leave this morning for Bisbee, where they are joined by Messrs.
Hoffman and Ingraham, and leave Wednesday for Nogales. They leave for
Magdalena Sonora, and spend Friday with Colonel Kosterlitzky, who is
assisting them in their trip to the Tiburon Island. He will furnish
them with soldiers if they so desire.
From there they leave for Altar,
where they buy horses and outfit for the trip. They go first to
Libertad and then skirt the coast to Cape Tepapa, where there are ruins
of an old monastery of the Seri Indians. They go south from there to a
strait about a mile and a half long at low tide and the water is very
rough. This is crossed by means of Indian boats called "belsas," being
made of pine. From this point they get on land four miles and explore
the island. The island is twenty-four miles by twelve miles.
Mr. Grindell visited the savage
Sens last year, but found them the most peaceable people on earth. Many
of them were so poor that they could hardly navigate and lived on a
very plain diet, such as fish and turtles. They do not cook their food
and do not use knives, but simply in a very primitive manner tear the
food asunder and eat it raw.
The women are supreme in tribal
government and the older they are the greater their power. The party
will be gone about six weeks and will go into the Yaqui country before
The following month, the
Dispatch had this item:
Ed P. Grindell arrived in this
city Sunday from Cananea. He is very much worried about the continued
absence of his brother Tom, superintendent of the Douglas schools, who
left with Olin Ralls of the Coirper Queen smelter and four others for
Tiburon Island in the Gulf of California, at the close of the school
The party was to have returned
on August 1st, almost a month ago, but no message has as yet been
received since they left Guaynias for the island. He says he is almost
must have happened to the party
to delay their return for so long a time. The Seri Indians who inhabit
the island are not especially warlike, but they have no particular love
for the white man and the Grindell party may have gotten into straits
through their treachery.
And later this story:
There were several rumors on the
streets yesterday that the bodies of Tom Grindell and the members of
his exploring party had been found at the mouth of the Colorado River,
the report being brought here by a man who returned from the Altar
district yesterday. There is but little doubt here that Grindell and
his party have met death either at the hands of treacherous Indians or
by drowning, the waters of the gulf being fully as treacherous as the
Indians in (hat section are said to be.
Reports from Nogales state that
E. P. Grindell, a brother of the lost explorer, is prosecuting his
search, but there is little hope that the party will Ix- found alive.
The report of a grewsome find by vaqueros in the employ of a ranchman
in the Altar district may lead to some conclusive evidence as to the
fate of the explorers.
The Nogales Oasis says:
Sunday evening E. P. Grindell
came here from Hermosillo, where he had been for several days, en route
to Tucson on business; but has since returned and gone to Altar where
he will organize a party to go out to the gulf coast and Tiburon
Island, to search for the missing exploring party headed by his brother
T. F. Grindell, which passed Caborca on the 9th of June, with the
intention of going to the island, and has not since been reported, when
at the time of departure from Altar the plan was to return to
Hermosillo not later than the 15th of August.
At Hermosillo Mr. Grindell was
given by Governor Ysabal letters to the prefect in Altar, and a general
letter calling upon all to whom presented to afford every attention
possible to aid Mr. Grindell in his search. He will outfit at Altar and
follow out the trail of the missing party so far as possible.
While in Hermosillo Mr. Grindell
met a man who has a cattle ranch near the coast who stated that his
vaqueros had reported finding a deserted camping place occupied but
shortly previous where there had been left a sheet iron camp stove.
Everything In-longing to its owners, but that, had been carried away.
Upon a stick or post planted in the ground near the stove were nailed
four human hands. If upon investigation at Altar it is learned that the
missing party took such a stove, the searching party will try to locate
the place where it was seen and thoroughly scour the surrounding region
for further traces.
The missing men are four in
number, T. F. Grindell and Olin Ralls of Douglas, Dave Ingraham of
Blsbee and Lieutenant Hoffman, who had a commission in the rough
riders. They are all young, active men, well capable of caring for
themselves, and has anything untoward occurred to them, it has been
through unavoidable accident or treachery.
Magdalena, Sonora, October
Captain Thomas H. Rynning,
My Dear Captain: Your esteemed
favor dated the 11th instant reached me yesterday morning. I
immediately got three men ready to go with your sergeant and as he did
not arrive on yesterday's train, I took train for Nogales and no one
seems to know when he will return. I returned here this morning and
will go again to Nogales this afternoon with the hope of finding your
sergeant, as I think not a moment ought to be lost in hunting for the
Grindell party. For my part, I am ever ready to be of service to you.
How unfortunate is this affair!
If Tom Grindell would have minded and heeded my advice, he would be all
right today. When he went on his expedition he and Ralls stayed with me
one day. I cautioned them against the trip—that is, the route they
intended to take, as I know too well the country. I insisted on them
going by way of Guaymas, but all to no avail. Tom was bull-headed
al>out the thing, and it was impossible for me to get him to change
his mind. I pictured to him the things as I experienced them once, and
for no money in the world will I undertake a like job. Instead of
getting Tom to desist, he became more determined.
It was my intention to gel my
orderly trumpeter to go with them in case the Guaymas route, but I
would not permit the trumpeter to join them on the one they took.
Before they left Douglas, when Ralls indicated to me the intended trip
and outlined the road by letter, I even then advised him not to take
this road. I do hope my letters will be found among Ralls' effects at
Douglas so that you may see how hard I fought witli them to desist.
I am also positive that the poor
fellows died for want of water, for after the Papago guides left them
they no doubt wandered in a demented state of mind superinduced by
thirst, until one by one they gave out and lay down to die; but then as
long as their bodies are not found there is hope, and most sincerely do
I hope that they will yet turn up sound and well.
Douglas, Ariz., October 10.—The
following taken from the Nogales Oasis is the latest information
received from E. P. Grindell, who is heading a searching party for his
There are now indications thai
the exploring party headed by Thomas Grindell may have been murdered by
their guide. E. P. Grindell of Tucson, who is searching for his missing
brother and his companions, was in Nogales yesterday. He had been to
Altar, where, through the efforts of Antonio Ramirez, presidente of the
municipality, he succeeded in finding the Papago Indian guide who
left that place with the party last June and later returned without
them. The guide told of leaving the party on the coast. He said they
found the four hands mentioned by the Mexican cowboy some weeks ago,
before he left the party. He also told Mr. Grindell that the missing
party intended to go to the Escalantes ranch, about thirty-five miles
from the coast, where he left them. He said they had camped one night
at a place where there was no water and had turned the horses loose.
The horses scattered, and two of the men, with himself, went to find
them. The entire day was spent in hunting for the animals. He then left
the party and returned to Caborca. He offered to take Mr. Grindell to
the place where he left them, telling him the country was dry and sandy
and they could find tracks that had been made six months before. Mr.
Grindell agreed to take the trail with the Indian, but the night before
they were to depart, Arturo Furken of Caborca accosted Mr. Grindell and
told him that the man he was to start out with was of shady reputation,
and offered to accompany them. When the Indian was told that Mr. Furken
would be one of the party, he demurred and did not want to go. Later he
agreed to go if he could take two of his brothers with him. He was told
that his brothers could go along. Next morning there was no Indian
guide to be found. He had secured a fresh horse during the night and
fled the country. His flight has caused Mr. Grindell to believe that
the man let the horses of the missing party scatter and while the men
were separated hunting for them, the guide murdered them one at a time.
He also believes that had he gone alone with the guide as he had
intended, he would have never returned.
Wednesday Mr. Grindell was in
Hermosillo and told his story to Governor Yzabal. The governor said
that they would have to get that guide, and assured Mr. Grindell that
he would get him. Mr. Grindell has gone to Tucson, where he will remain
a few days, while the Mexican audiorities are seeking the guide. If
they do not find the Papago he will go back to Sonora and employ men to
assist him in the search.
Washington, January 5.—The
department of state has received a letter from E. P. Grindell, dated
from Hermosillo, Mexico, and giving a detailed account of his search
for his missing brother,
Thomas Grindell and the members
of his party. The letter is as follows:
Hermosillo, Sonora, Mex. Dec. 9.
Robert Bacon, Assistant
Secretary of State, Washington, D. C.
Sir:—Mr. Hostetter, the American
consul here, informed me you have written him regarding four Americans
lost in the vicinity of Tiburon Island last July; namely, Thomas
Grindell, Olin Ralls, David Ingraham and Jack Hoffman. Mr. Hoffman,
however, has since been found, and you no doubt have heard his story.
He says the other boys likely perished for want of water.
Now I have been searching for
this party since the 5th of September, giving my entire time to the
matter, but have failed to find any of them. I have, however, found
their trail and have followed it for over one hundred miles, but the
recent rains have entirely obliterated their trails. So now I have
nothing to work on but the general location. I found the boys' camp
deserted. I found four or five animals dead. I trailed Mr. Ralls over
forty miles, where he went alone with one mule. A sudden rain forced us
to stop following the trail for the day, and next day the trail was
gone. But one of the Indians found, about ten miles further on, a dead
mule. The mule had the pack saddle still on its back and a rifle and
bucket still fastened to the saddle, which led me to believe that Mr.
Ralls had fallen between this and the point where I last had his trail.
I searched the country thoroughly, but could find no trace of the men.
I had with me five to twelve
Papago Indian trailers and one American companion. We searched the
entire coast of the mainland in front of Tiburon Island for a distance
of one hundred miles, and back into the mountains for from twenty to
thirty miles, and I think I have covered every place where bodies might
reasonably be expected to be. We rode over eight hundred miles on
I have given up ever finding the
boys, but as a last resort I have offered a reward to the Papago
Indians of $200 for each of the bodies they find. It is my opinion that
the boys wandered in their frenzied condition away back into the
mountains, into places where they never will be found. Everyone here
has been very kind to me in the search, especially Louis Hostetter, the
American consul. He has been very considerate, and helped me many
times. I trust this information will be of value to your department.
Very truly, E. P. Grindkll.
Yesterday afternoon the Review
was in receipt of the following telegram from J. A. Naugle,
superintendent of the New Mexico & Arizona Railway with
headquarters at Guaymas, Sonora. The telegram is the first information
received from the exploring party which left Douglas last June, headed
by Prof. Thos. Grindell, consisting of five members, for the purpose of
exploring Tiburon Island in quest of a gold mine which was reported to
be fabulously rich.
Guaymas, Mexico, Oct. 25.
Mr. J. E. Hoffman, who was with
Professor Grindell and party, appeared in my office this morning and
states that the party became separated near the crossing to Tiburon
Island about June 29th, and that he continued along down the coast,
arriving here yesterday. He thinks the party has probably perished for
want of water and food. He States that the Papago Indian guide was all
right. In case it is desired to find them or recover their remains, the
party should start from Guaymas by boat. Hoffman offers to accompany
the rescue party. He is without funds. Advise us if we can render any
assistance from this end.
J. A. Naugle.
Upon receipt of the telegram the
Review immediately called up Thomas Rynning at Douglas, captain of the
Rangers, but Mr. Rynnling was in Mexico. Lieut. Hopkins of the Rangers
was notified of the contents of the telegram, and he at once notified
the Mexican consul at Douglas, who in turn communicated with the
Mexican State authorities at Hcrmosillo and Magdalena. It is expected
that when the Mexican officers at Ilermosillo leam of the arrival of
Hoffman at Guaymas they will immediately send a courier after the
rescue party, which left that place on October 17th, traveling in the
direction of Caborca and Port Libcrlad.
In addition a telegram was sent
to Mr. Naugle stating that Mr. Hoffman was to be furnished with expense
money and to have him wait for the arrival of the rescue party headed
by the brother of Professor Grindcll.
Almost five months have passed
since Thos. Grindell, who last year was the principal of the public
schools at Douglas, organized a prospecting party for the pUIpOBe of
exploring Tiburon Island, off the west coast of Mexico, in quest of a
rich gold mine. Mr. Grindell visited the Island in 1904. and it was for
the purpose of prosecuting his search still further during his summer
vacation, that the party was organized the first part of June. After
leaving Caborca, a settlement about half way between the railroad and
the coast, no trace of the party
has been had. They were then on their way to Port Lihcrtad, when' they
expected to find boats which would afford them transportation to a
point opposite the island. Instead, they found Port Libcrtad deserted,
and the party then started down the barren and desert coast on foot.
The Papago guide refused to go into the desert and returned, but the
intrepid party pushed on south hoping to strike fresh water, and were
never heard of since until Mr. Hoffman, of the original party, arrived
in Guaymas yesterday after a journey on foot lasting from June 29th.
Judging from the Hoffman story
the party became lost and separated, and the possibilities arc that he
was the only surviving member.
—Bisbee Daily Review, 1905
J. K. Hoffman, who is supposed
to be the only survivor of the Grindell expedition, which left here for
Tiburon Island last spring, has arrived at Magdalena, according to
reports received here, and will accompany the searching expedition
headed by Captain Thomas Rynning over the trail taken by the Grindell
party. They are expected to leave today for Altar.
Previous to leaving Guaymas for
Magdalena, Mr. Hoffman wrote a brief history of his trip to the coast,
and it was just received here. The following is the story written for
the Dispatch by Mr. Hoffman:
"We left Bisbee June 1st for
Nogales, where supplies were secured and from there went to Santa Ana,
Sonora, by train, where Grindell and Ralls left their surplus baggage;
thence by Stage to Altar, where we secured more supplies, one horse and
a burro; thence to Pitiquito also by stage, where we bought one horse
and four burros, with two pack saddles. At Pitiquito we packed our
burros and started for Terno Rancho. Before reaching there, however,
two dry camps were made and more water was secured at the second camp
from a ranch alxuit four miles distant. At Terno Rancho we secured a
Papago guide. We then started for Coyote Springs, two or three camps
being made on the way, the first one in the mountains, where a fresh
supply of water was secured, the last we had.
"Then our hardships began. We
were out of water long before reaching Coyote Springs and exceedingly
thirsty. We stopped there a few days and then started for Tiburon
Island pass, but ;it Coyote Springs we got the last water we ever had.
Before reaching Tiburon pass, where our last camp together was made, we
made three camps, one of which we made on account of the intense heat.
Before reaching the third camp we were out of water, or rather nearly
out, as Grindell and Ralls still had a little in their canteens. Dave
Ingraham and myself were completely out, although Dave and I were in
good shape. I was about played out and drank seven cups of sea water
and two cups of coffee made out of sea water. You know the effects. The
next morning I could hardly navigate, with about eight more miles to go
to reach Tiburon pass.
"However, I dipped my head, arms
and breast in sea water about eveiy half mile or so and felt better
right along. The reason that I played out was that I was the packer and
the cook and did lots of sweating, although the boys helped all they
"We arrived at Tiburon pass,
where Grindcll and Doc Ralls took the animals and water cans and
started to cross. In the meantime I was distilling water and distilled
about ten tincups full. Dave and I drank seven. I continued to distill
water, Ralls having given up the attempt to cross to the island and
having started out for the San Antena Rancho with about half a gallon
of water (distilled). He did not return for two days and we were forced
to do something, distilling not furnishing water fast enough for three.
We started out for the San
Antena Rancho on or about June 28th. We ran across a strong trail and
followed it, thinking that it would bring us to the ranch. After
traveling twenty or thirty hours the trail proved to be a stock feed
and water trail in wet weather. We stayed here in the shade the rest of
the day, before starting for anywhere else. Dave and I were played out,
but Grindell took the canteens and continued on; this was the last seen
of Grindell. We rested all night and started back for the gulf the next
"We found a shady spot to rest
on the way back, but there was not shade enough and we were partly in
the sun all day. The next night we continued toward the direction of
the gulf and traveled two more nights together. We quenched our thirst
by chewing the pulp of the water plant (cactus). The fourth night Dave
could not go any farther and the fifth night I was forced to leave him,
and made the gulf the next morning, weak and exhausted. High tide had
covered our former camp and had done considerable damage. I found three
or four bunches of matches which were not wet and started to distill
water, but it took me all day to get some water.
"Olin Ralls had returned without
water, as I found a plate with some fried bacon from which he had taken
the grease and mixed it with flour and eaten part. It took me five days
to regain strength enough to return to the mountains for Dave. I got
out as far as we were or farther, but got so weak had to return without
seeing anything of him. Stayed in camp three or four days more and,
decided that the only way to save my life was to travel south for
Guaymas. I left about July 14th or 15th, taking with me bacon, shotgun,
the only gun left, the rifles and six-shooters being left on the
desert, flour, baking powder, two pair blankets, coal oil and cooking
utensils, making two loads.
"It took me until October 24th
to reach Guaymas. I had to make detours of twenty or thirty miles
around some of the swamps. I had too many troubles in regards to water,
food, sore feet, etc., to bother you with.
J. E. Hoffman.
After the statement of Hoffman,
the Douglas Dispatch reported that Governor Kibbey had granted a leave
of absence to Captain Tom Rynning and four privates in the Rangers for
thirty days to join a search party. Captain Rynning was supposed to
start from Nogales with Sergeant Old and privates Stanford, Kidder and
Burnett, all of whom go as private parties and not in their official
capacity. They will be joined by a squad of men detailed from the
Mexican Rurales by Colonel Kosterlitzky, and will leave as soon as
possible for Altar, where the trail of the missing party will be taken
The next issue of the Dispatch
reported that the action of Governor Kibbey in giving leave of absence
to Captain Rynning and four of his men to join the search for Tom
Grindell was very favorably commended on.
After an unsuccessful attempt to
find the missing members of the Grindell expedition to Tiburon Island
or to recover the bodies of the three lost Americans, Captain Tom
Rynning of the Hangers, who had been petitioned lo head the relief
party, re-turned to Douglas yesterday morning. With the exception of
finding the decomposing remains of animals used by the party and a
portion of their outfit, no trace of Tom Grindell, Dave Tngraham and
Olin Ralls was discovered.
Captain Rynniiig was seen last
evening at the Ranger head-quarters by a Dispatch reporter and gave the
following story of his trip:
"The party which was organized
at Guaymas to go to the relief of the missing explorers left Guaymas at
noon November 2nd in the power boat Lolita of twenty tons. In the party
were John F. Hodman, the survivor of the ill-fated expedition; Dr.
Frank Toussaint of Guaymas, Rangers Tip Stanford and W. A. Old and
myself. The crew of the Lolita comprised the captain and a crew of five
"Dr. Toussaint is formerly of
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and is engaged in mining near Guaymas. He is a
warm friend of a sister of the Grindell boys and took a personal
interest in the search. In addition to the money which I took from
Douglas, die doctor advanced me $100 to outfit for the trip and to
charter the boat. We found out on our return that the message from
Walter Douglas requesting me to draw on him for $500 was received at
Guaymas two hours after our leaving for the island. If we would have
had that amount we might have stayed longer and con-tinued the search
for the bodies further in the interior. I never
drew on Mr. Douglas for any
money. "We arrived at Tiburon Island the next evening, the distance
being about 125 mile.*. We did not disembark until the next morning at
9 o'clock. Although we sailed completely around the island the only
human habitation we saw were five deserted Seri villages and two dogs.
All of the natives had probably gone into the interior of the island.
"The captain and sailors on the
Lolita evidently were well informed as to the Seri Indians or else had
been intimidated by the stories they had heard of the cruelties
practiced by the natives as they absolutely refused to leave the boat.
No amount or gold could have persuaded them to set foot on Tiburon soil.
"After the trip around the
island we landed on the mainland and Hoffman guided us to the last camp
of the party. There we found two dead horses and a half mile below the
last camp we found a dead burro, three coats, an overcoat, two
blankets, an ax, a burro bell, saddle and two pack saddles. We also
found a camera which belonged to Mr. Grindell. It was hidden in the
brush .some distance below and there we also found a quantity of bacon,
flour and other provisions and about 300 rounds of ammunition.
"Hoffman led us to the place
where he assured us was the spot at which he left Dave Ingraham to die,
but no trace of him could be found. Hoffman found his buck-handled
knife near this place. All of the statements made at Guaymas by Hoffman
were corroborated by what we found, but no trace whatever could be
found of the bodies, dead or alive, of the missing explorers.
"Going further inland we found
the trail of what we supposed was the other relief expedition, which is
led by Ed Grindell. The trail of the horses showed that they were shod,
which convinced us that it was Ed Grindell's party. The trail seemed to
come down from the north and went back that way, only further to the
east. One of the trails was nine miles from the camp of the missing
party and the last was about fourteen miles from the camp.
"Considerable apprehension was
felt by the members of our party for the other rescue party, as it was
feared that they were making a dangerous trip and they are likely to
meet the same fate that Grindell and his companions are supposed to
"Realizing that nothing further
could be done in that vicinity, we re-embarked and left for Guaymas,
where we arrived yester-day morning. Hoffman expected to leave last
evening for Bisbee and will probably be there tomorrow.
"Hoffman is almost completely
recovered from the results of his awful trip down the coast to Guaymas.
The trip that we made in twenty-four hours it took him ninety days to
make, and when he arrived in that city he was in horrible shape. His
body was almost completely covered with running sores and he was almost
crazed by his experiences. His face was almost as black as that of a
negro owing to the exposure to the sun and weather, and persons who
knew him before he left on the trip failed to identify him. In some
instances he was requested to repeat parts of conversations he had with
some of these people to prove his identity.
"Parts of his story were not
given much credence in Guaymas, but the trip to the island convinced us
that he told the truth in every instance. His experiences in that trip
down the coast would make an interesting but exceedingly harrowing
tale, and that he is alive today is the best proof of his story to
those who know the country through which he went.
"As to Grindell's fate and that
of his companions, it would be hard for me to give an opinion. It is
the general belief, however, that if they were not actually killed by
the Sens, their bodies were disposed of by them. The stories concerning
the habits of this tribe regarding their cannibalistic tendencies we
found to be true. It is a fact that they cat all of their meat raw and
that they have been known to partake freely of human meat.
"Of course, there may be a
chance that the members of the party escaped, the absence of any trace
of their bodies leaving some hope of that, but it is beyond me where
they are if they are alive, with the possible exception that they are
prisoners in the interior of Tiburon Island, but there seems but little
hope of that. The other relief party under Ed Grindell may have
dis-covered something more, possibly the bodies of the missing men, and
nothing further can be done until they return."
A telegram was received by the
Dispatch from Hermosillo yesterday stating that Ed Grindell and Ralph
Colvin of this city had arrived in that city after a fruitless attempt
to locate the former's brother and his two companions; the third
organized attempt to find the missing explorers. The message stated
that the party had just returned from the coast, but the search was
absolutely fruitless, as the recent heavy rains had obliterated aII
trails and traces of the party which had previously been found.
The telegram which was sent to
the Dispatch by Mr. Colvin states that Ed Grindell had given up all
hope of ever hearing anything from his brother and that it would be
useless to con-tinue the search.
There is this satisfaction,
however, that everything was done Within human power to locate those
whose fate will always be conjecture and this will, of course, be some
consolation. Mr. Grindell has spent his time and money and did not give
up the hurt till it was found that all efforts were in vain. The many
friends of the men who were lost showed the right disposition in
helping in a material way in every necessary manner and now tha ti the
search is at an end they will feel that everything was done that could
RYNNING TO RESIGN?
There is no little surprise as
well as disappointment expressed by many people because of the failure
of Governor Kibbey to appoint Captain Rynning of the territorial
Rangers superin-tendent of the territorial prison, says the Tucson Star.
It was generally understood that
Captain Rynning was going to receive the appointment. This because of
his peculiar fitness and qualifications for the very important office,
which is charged with most responsible if not dangerous duties.
It was expected Captain Rynning
would receive the appoint-ment because he had justly earned the
promotion and official recognition. Captain Rynning had made a good
record as a Hough Rider in the Spanish-American war. He has made a
splendid record as captain of the territorial Ranger force. It was the
presence of mind, the indomitable courage and quick action of Captain
Rynning that quelled and brought to naught the riot of the strikers
during the Clifton strikes two years ago, in which by his courageous
timely action he saved much bloodshed and destruction of property.
For this service to the
territory Captain Rynning is entitled to recognition and official
promotion. That promotion should have been superintendent of the
territorial prison, because of all men in Arizona, outside of Ben F.
Daniels, he is peculiarly fitted for this heavy trust.
Captain Rynning is a giant in
frame and strength, an athlete in action; he has had much experience
with criminals, having been in the Chicago police force, and has
managed the range duties of Arizona with marked skill, prudence and
unstinted courage, and with much credit to the service.
The Star has ever maintained
that public honors and promo-tion in the public service should follow
well performed public service. That qualification should be the most
important consid-eration, linked with integrity and good citizenship,
and when sustained by a record of public service there should be
nothing to defeat the right of public recognition.
Captain Rynning meets every one
of these requirements and for this particular official station. It is
to be hoped when Jerry Millay resigns or if he refuses to accept the
appointment, that Governor Kibbey will see his way clear to appoint
Captain Rynning superintendent of the territorial prison. —Douglas
Rynning Has No
Captain Tom Rynning of the
Arizona Rangers, who returned last evening from a trip to the
territorial capital, said to a Dis-patch reporter that he had no
intention of resigning, as was reported by the Phoenix papers.
The head of the Rangers was
asked concerning the superin-tendency of the Yuma penitentiary, for
which he was prominently mentioned before the appointment of Jerry
Millay. "I have no Complaint to make," he said, "although I did think
that the appointment would be offered me. Governor Brodie made me a
promise of the office on the resignation of Mr. Daniels, which was
expected some time ago, but I learned from Governor Kibbey that Colonel
Brodie had never mentioned it to him, due undoubtedly to the stress of
official business which occasioned his leaving the executive office of
the territory and his subsequent hurried trip to the Philippines.
Governor Kibbey told me that had he known of Colonel Brodies promise he
would have offered me the appointment, but thinking that he knew the
facts in the case I never sent in an application for the place."
—Douglas Dispatch, 1905
Two or three Arizona newspapers
are camping on the trail of the Arizona Rangers, with the evident
intention of impairing the usefulness of the organization by
diminishing its numbers, says the Nogales Oasis. The plea is made that
when the Rangers were organized cattle thieves were numerous along the
border and the services of the Rangers were necessary; but that the
evil has been so greatly lessened during the past few years as to
render the maintenance of the company at its present strength
The reason advanced for the
proposed diminishing of the force is hardly a logical one, from the
viewpoint of a man in the cattle country, and right on the border, as
well. It is a fact that cattle stealing has become less popular in this
section, but the cattle thieves have not all been killed off by any
means. Some have been sent to Yuma; some have been driven out of the
country and others have sought less dangerous vocations.
This condition is due to the
energetic services of the Arizona Rangers. They are experienced
cattlemen, trained to the rugged life that an active Ranger must lead
and knowing the trails of the country and the habits of the cattle
rustler. It is fear of these men that has stopped the depredations of
the cattle thieves. Abolish the Rangers and the abolishment of the
organization will be the signal for which many are undoubtedly waiting
to resume their raids. Cut the force in two and the danger of cattle
stealing will be sufficiently diminished to tempt many of the old
timers to again start in business with a horse, a riata and a branding
iron for capital.
The Oasis has been in Arizona
for many years. It knows the Rangers as an organization of fearless and
efficient officers. It knows of their work and in the interest of the
cattle industry and other industries it stands for the maintenance of
the Arizona Rangers. They have done good work and the fruits of their
labors should not be undone. —Douglas Dispatch, 1905
The editor of the (Clifton)
Copper Era has worked himself up into a great state of nervous
excitement over the Ranger force. He is greatly worried for fear some
member of the force will arrest some lawbreaker within the sacred
precincts of the Cliff town. He writes as one inspired and constantly
reminds the Rangers and the public that the local officers can take
care of all the criminals who come within their jurisdiction. It is the
duty of every Ranger to respond to the call of the local officials,
whether it be in Safford, Clifton or Phoenix. If he did not do so he
would be derelict in his duty.—Safford Journal, —Douglas Dispatch, 1905
THE ARIZONA RANGERS. That is the
caption of an editorial defense of Captain Rynning's men in the last
issue of the Safford Journal, the latest addition to Graham county
newspapers, and from the same it seems that the Rangers arc not without
friends in Graham county, where most of the agitation against them
begins. The Journal says:
A few, and we are glad to note
that it is only a few, of the Arizona newspapers arc advocating that
the force of the Arizona Hangers be reduced in numbers. Investigation
shows that the agitation was started by the Copper Era of Clifton.
There is a reason for all things and if we examine this particular
question we will find that the reason for the attitude of the Copper
Era is that at one time, not very long ago, when there were several
notorious hop joints running in Clifton which the local authorities
Were either incapable or incompetent to close, the assistance of the
Rangers was called for—and the joints closed. This action undoubtedly
made some powerful enemies for the Rangers in' Clifton and the Copper
Era is their mouthpiece.
Under the circumstances it is
safe to say that very little attention will be given to the frenzied
waitings of the Copper Era. No body of men has done more to rid this
territory of notorious cattle thieves, thugs and highwaymen than the
Arizona Rangers. This organization was created for the purpose of
mak-ing this territory a fit place for peaceful and industrious
citizens. How well it has succeeded is evidenced by the fact that now
there is being raised a cry for a decrease of their numbers. Perhaps
the Rangers arc not kept so strenuously active now as in the early days
of their existence—we hope so, anyway. "Eternal vigilance is the price
of peace." A reduction in the numbers of the Rangers force just at
present would be inviting a return to the old days when every man who
went twenty miles from home had to pack a gun and be a law unto
himself. The Rangers are all right. They have done and are still doing
good work. Let us keep every one of them. —Douglas Dispatch, 1905
In order to save the life of Ranger Kidder, yesterday afternoon, Deputy
Sheriff Sparks drew his revolver and shot a hobo at Naco who was
attempting to make an assault with a dagger. A free-for-all fight was
taking place there yesterday evening, brought on by about fifteen
tramps who were drinking and raising a disturbance just west of town on
the railroad track. Officers Kidder and Sparks were called to settle
the trouble when the hoboes .assaulted them. Both officers were knocked
down and badly, but not seriously injured. As Ranger Kidder arose one
of the tramps drew a dagger and attempted to assault him, when Deputy
Sparks drew his revolver and fired, the bullet taking effect in the
assailant s hip.,
All the rioters were arrested
and landed in jail. A warrant will be sworn out in justice court
charging the one who made the knife play with assault with intent to
kill, and others on a charge of disturbing the peace. The man who was
shot will be sent to the county hospital at Tombstone, where he will
remain under arrest. The fight was witnessed by a large crowd of
people. —Bisbee Review, 1906
CANANEA RIOT Awful Reign of
Terror in Greene Camp at Cananea, Mexico— Al Least Fifty Men are Killed
and Wounded—Prominent Ameri-cans Shot Down in Cold Blood—The Town Set
on Fire and the Mines Burning—Men, Women and Children Flee for Their
Lives Pitched Battle at Naco.
"For God's Sake Send Us Armed
Help at Once" was Colonel Greene's Message to the United States.
Naco, Arizona, June
1.—Forty-five American Miners killed and more than twice that number
wounded and dying—Fifty Mexi-can miners and four policemen killed and
many more wounded —the town burned—citizens fleeing for their lives to
the hills, stores being looted, and machinery being dynamited. Soldiery
rushing in from across the American line.
The above glaring headings
greeted the readers of the Douglas Dispatch on the morning of June 2,
1906, and the newspaper went on to reveal:
This in brief was the situation
at Cananca at one o'clock this morning. At noon yesterday the Mexican
miners, about 5,000, left their work at the Capote and adjoining mines
and appeared on the Mesa or public square and demanded of the foreman
that their wages be raised from $3 to $5 per day, Mexican money, and
eight hours per day, and stated that if this was not complied with at
once that they would strike. After a half hour conference, they called
on Colonel W. C. Greene, who appeared from his sick room, and addressed
them from the veranda of the mining company's office. He explained to
them that he could not raise their wages without the consent of the
governor of Sonora, but that he would do this as soon as he could hear
from the governor giving his consent.
This did not satisfy the
Mexicans, who immediately went on a strike and called all their men off
the works and instituted a state of rebellion. They said that if they
could not get their demands granted, the Americans could not work and
at once armed them-selves and began to make a wholesale warfare on the
The American miners being
unarmed at work were taken by surprise and were swept down before the
ruthless fire of the Mexicans. The Americans made as good defense as
possible and soon returned fire under fearful disadvantages, killing
and wounding as above stated.
Col. W. C. Greene at once
appealed to the Americans and Governor Yzabal at Hermosillo, who at
once started with Mexi-can Rurales, arriving at four o'clock this
morning. Here they were joined by Captain Thomas Rynning of the Arizona
Rangers and five hundred armed miners of Bisbee. A special train
carrying Rangers, special officers and armed citizens, left Douglas at
eight o'clock making the run of thirty-five miles in thirty-five
minutes. They joined the governor and his forces. A train passed
through Douglas from EI Paso at two o'clock, having 1000 rifles and
ammunition on and were joined here by officers and armed citizens.
At 10:15 a long train pulled
into Naco, carrying nearly one thousand, principally women and
children, who passed through to Bisbee. They were in a state of terror
and many of them were without hats and anything, but the clothing they
had on their backs. They were sitting on the floor of the baggage cars,
and scats were taken out to make more room for the crowd which was
jammed in as rightly as possible. The train stopped about seven miles
out of Cananea to pick up a great many of the refugees who had flown
from the town on foot seeking to gain the international line.
At 10:30 another train came to
Naco having two coaches loaded with women and children, who were hungry
and half starved. They were at once fed by the people and wandered
about the town eating at the lunch wagons and getting whatever there
was to eat. They had left all of their possessions behind them and fled
for safety. They were all terrorized and told harrowing stories of the
fearful conditions which they had left behind them.
NACO, (11:30 p.m.—Special.)—The
town is swarmed with men armed, walking to and fro doing sentinel duty.
The country around swarms with riders coming in from all directions,
ready to join the armed forces which is to cross the international line
in the next hour. Ranger Arthur Hopkins is in charge of the situa-tion,
and all under arms must report to him. The Arizona Rang-ers,
twenty-four in all, arc present and prepared to cross the line as soon
as the Bisbee contingent joins them. Tremendous excite-ment prevails
and every minute news reached here by telephone giving fresh
information of the alarming condition. The officers have little to say
as to their plans further than they are ready at the proper time to
cross the line.
NACO, (11:45 p.m.—Special.)—A
party of mounted men have just arrived from Bisbee in advance of the
train which will arrive here in about an hour. These cavalrymen
reported at once to Ranger Hopkins. The boys here have just completed
organizing a special company to take a special train to Cananea and
will leave in a few minutes.
The Mexicans have refused to
permit the soldiers to pass the line and a skirmish is expected to take
place at this juncture. It is the idea of the Bisbee men to ride the
line and prevent the Mexi-cans from making an attack on tl?e train.
Everyone is prepared to make the attempt to cross the ^line, no matter
what is in advance. There are horsemen arriving all the time and
swelling the ranks and it is believed that'a strong cavalry force will
be in readiness in a few minutes.
NACO, (12 p.m.—Special.)—Just
now a pitched battle took place near the stock yards, just east of
town, where over 200 shots were fired as fast as possible. Two
Americans were shot off their horses and several Mexicans were killed
and wounded. A courier ran into the center of the town.having been
chased by a posse of Mexicans who were determined not to let them pass
the line. The Americans are scouting for an opportunity to cross and
the fighting continues all along the border for several hundred yards.
There is great consternation prevailing here, and it is feared that the
Americans are taking too many chances in trying to cross the line. The
special train is waiting on the line to make the crossing and a
telegram from Cananea is just received urging the troops to hurry.
p.m.—Special.)—There was a company of twenty-five horsemen riding along
the line just now when they were fired upon from ambush by a large
number of Mexicans. Two men were shot. They are shooting now all along
NACO.—The telephone from Cananea
is in charge of B. A. Packard and other Americans, who are keeping the
Americans on this side of the line in touch with the progress at that
point. They report that everything is burning and that the mines are
burning at several places and that all work has been abandoned and the
smelters are shut down. There is no working going on and a large number
of Mexicans are marching up and down the streets carry-ing flags and
making a tremendous noise. They have no order and there seems to be
very little leadership among the strikers. Every one but the strikers
have left the streets and are in hiding or are fleeing to the hills.
NACO, June 2.—In the midst of
the turmoil and confusion, Col. W. C. Greene passed through the crowd
in his automobile, crowding the way through the strikers. He was not
molested by any one and made a last effort to quell the mob and to send
them to their homes. This was without avail, and after passing through
several of the main thoroughfares he returned home and gave up, seeing
that his efforts were futile. Greene was cautioned to remain under
cover, but this had no effect upon the copper king, who did all in his
power to allay the storm.
As the train pulled out of
Cananea loaded with the large num-ber of refugees, an American was
attacked by three Mexicans, all armed. Before the eyes of the
spectators, the American put up the great fight, killing all three
Mexicans and escaping with his life.
NACO, June 2.—(12:45—Special.)—A
telephone message was just received from B. A. Packard, which was sent
by Colonel Greene. It says: "FOR GOD'S SAKE SEND US ARMED HELP." This
struck terror into the very hearts of all, and it was hard to keep the
men from rushing across the line in a forced march to Cananea. It seems
now that the very American forces are being annihilated and are utterly
helpless. What the morning will bring forth no man can say, but it
looks now that not half the terrible butchery and destruction can be
told. There is terrible conster-nation reigning here and death and
destruction seems rampant. Five hundred fighters strong left Bisbee at
12 o'clock sharp and arc expected every minute.
NACO, June 2.—(Special)—Three
Mexicans have been killed in the skirmishes on the line. One was shot
through the head and killed immediately; one was shot twice and the
third was shot through the bowels, which proved fatal. Three others are
NACO, June 2.—(9:30
p.m.—Special.)—A telephone message from W. C. Greene, president of the
Cananea Consolidated cop-per company to Col. B. A. Packard, says forty
people arc killed. Buildings have been set on fire by the rioters. The
American consul, Galbraith, has wired Washington asking that troops be
sent from Fort Huachuca, Arizona, to protect the American citizens.
Editor's Note: The foregoing
headlines and special bulletins give some idea of the excitement and
turmoil which took place at Naco and Cananea, and after considerable
revaluation of the situation, it was discovered that the loss of life
and damage of property was not as great as was first reported. Captain
Rynning did show a great deal of poise and in his handling of the riot
and coordination with Colonel Kosterlitzky, he showed him-self
possessed of a good quality of diplomacy.
A resume of Captain Rynning's
diplomacy in connection with the Cananea riot is contained in a later
article appearing in the Phoenix Republican, in part as follows:
Rioting by the Mexican miners
was in progress and they showed themselves especially hostile to
Americans, of which there were some 300 men, women and children in the
camp. Word came to Bisbcc of the situation and citizens appealed to
Rynning to lead a rescue party to Cananea. He replied that it would
probably mean his losing his job as captain of the Rangers, but he
would lead the proposed expedition; and he asked for armed volunteers
to the number of 300. The number required followed him immediately to
the border town of Naco, where they pro-posed to entrain for Cananea.
At the Mexican line Governor Yzabal of Sonora met Captain Rynning and
forbade his entrance into Mexico, pointing out that permission could
not possibly be given to an armed party of Americans to come into his
country. Captain Rynning replied that they were not going in as a party
but as individuals; that they were going on a peaceful mission to
Cananea to protect and rescue Americans in peril and they were going on
that train. Governor Yzabal made the best of the situation and went
along. He afterwards lost his job when it was represented to President
Diaz that he had permitted Captain Rynning to cross the line.
Arriving at Cananea with his
armed Americans, Captain Ryn-ning was met by Colonel Kosterlitzky, the
famous Russian com-mander of Sonora Rurales, who had just arrived with
some hundreds of Mexican soldiers. Captain Rynning anticipating some
controversy with the colonel, already had ordered his men to proceed to
a hill which commanded the town, and when the interview began the
Americans were assembling on the hill. The colonel pre-cmptorily
ordered Captain Rynning to return to Naco with his men, and added that
he was there to protect life and property, that the Americans were a
menace to peace, and he broadly intimated that if his orders were not
obeyed there would be trouble. Captain Rynning, in his slow, quiet
voice, suggested to Colonel Kosterlitzky that he direct his gaze to the
neighboring hill. "My men are up there," Captain Rynning said, "and you
can sec that they command the situation. I am going to see that the
Americans here are protected until they can be taken out of town and
across the American line. We don't want trouble, but if you want it we
can accommodate you."
Kosterlitzky, like Yzabal, put
the best possible face on a dis-agreeable situation. A considerable
number of rioters were killed after the arrival of the Rynning party,
and it has always been understood that the Americans did their share
toward putting down the riot—but there was no conflict between the
American and Mexican soldiers, and in due course the American residents
were escorted out of town and across the line.
As soon as possible thereafter
Captain Rynning reported per-sonally to Governor Kibbey and advised him
of all he had done. It is understood that the governor said to Rynning,
"You deserve to be severely punished for what you have done and I will
try to make the punishment fit the crime—how would you like to be
superintendent of the prison?"
When Governor Kibbey told
President Roosevelt of the Mexi-can exploit of his former Rough Rider
lieutenant, "Teddy" gave one of his famous chuckles and said: "Tom's
all right, isn't he?"
WHEELER AND HIS HAT
That General Luis E. Torres will
not permit any discourtesy on the part of Mexican officials to any
American citizen and that he is desirous of retaining the most cordial
feeling between the two republics is shown by the following incidents
Some time during the early part
of last week a rancher on the American side of the line near Naco lost
a bunch of goats, a portion of which strayed over into Mexico. The
rancher secured permission from one of the Mexican officials at Naco by
the name of Jiminez to go over into Mexico to search for his goats. He
also requested Lieutenant Harry Wheeler of the Arizona Rangers to help
him in his search. While on the Mexican side of the line the rancher,
although having previously had permission to cross the line, was
arrested by this man Jiminez and thrown into jail.
Wheeler on hearing of the
occurrence proceeded to the office of Jiminez for the purpose of
securing the man's release if pos-sible. On entering the office Jiminez
was found with his hat on, but requested that the American Ranger
immediately remove his headpiece. This Wheeler very courteously refused
to comply with unless Jiminez would accord him the same courtesy.
On the refusal of Lieutenant
Wheeler to remove his headgear, Jiminez is said to have started for the
Ranger lieutenant, but for some unknown reason stopped before he
reached him. Wheeler eventually left the office of Jiminez and still
had his hat on. The lieutenant immediately reported the occurrence to
his superior officer, Captain Rynning of Douglas, who took the matter
up with General Luis E. Torres, who wrote as follows:
"Captain Thomas Rynning,
"My Dear Friend: Your very kind
letter has been received and I thank you very much for helping us watch
the border for the bandits who were reported to be heading toward the
"I deeply regret the lack of
courtesy shown by the adminis-trator of the customs service at Naco
toward my friend, Lieuten-ant Wheeler, and I have reported the case to
the proper officials. I wish to apologize myself for the lack of good
behavier on the part of Mr. Jimincz, and I wish to say further that I
work at all times to keep the best of relations between the people of
our two countries.
"Believe me, my dear captain,
truly your friend.
Luis E. Torres. —Douglas
KIDDER GETS HIS MAN
DOUGLAS, Dec. 31.—A running
fight in which five shots were exchanged occurred here this afternoon
between a man suspected of being a desperate character, and Jeff
Kidder, a member of the force of Arizona Rangers, and as a result the
suspect lies fatally wounded.
For several weeks past the local
police and the Rangers have been receiving reports of hold-ups and
house-breaks, and in every instance have been unable to secure the
slightest clue as to the identity of the perpetrators of the crimes.
During the past few days a
number of strange men have been noticed in the city, who have had no
visible means of support, and the police officers determined to watch
them, thinking that this might be the explanation of the crimes. The
Ranger force was divided up and have been patrolling certain places
where these men were in the habit of congregating.
While riding his beat this
evening, which took him in the direction of the railroad roundhouse,
Jeff Kidder, a private in the Ranger force, noticed a man start up in
front of him about forty yards, and he immediately shouted to the
fellow to halt. Instead of stopping the man redoubled his speed, and
Kidder shot over his head. At this the suspect turned, and drew from
his hip pocket a six-shooter, and fired three shots at the Ranger, none
of which took effect, Kidder, who is one of the crack shots of the
Ranger force, drew down on the fellow and the first shot passed through
The Ranger went to the man's
assistance at once and picked up the revolver, which was a 38-calibre
on a 45 frame. In one of the mans pockets he found an ordinary sock
filled with 38-calibre cartridges, and outside of this there was not a
thing whereby the man could be identified.
A doctor soon arrived on the
scene and administered restora-tives to the wounded man, but up to a
late hour tonight the fellow had not recovered consciousness, and the
physician stated that there is no possibility of his recovery.
DOUGLAS, Dec. 31.—The man shot
by Ranger Kidder died at the C. & A. hospital at 11:45 tonight. No
one has yet appeared who can identify the man.
10.—(Special)—After hearing the testimony in the case against Ranger
Kidder, who was charged with killing a stranger near the roundhouse one
night last week, Judge Ben Rice this morning discharged the prisoner on
the motion of Assistant District Attorney Ross. The warrant charging
Kidder with murder was sworn out against Kidder at his own request, he
desiring that the case have a full investigtion in court. George
Campbell, who was with Kidder at the time the killing occurred, was the
first witness. He testified that he went with Kidder on the evening of
the trouble and that they followed a man across the railroad track;
Kidder called on him to stop, say-ing that we were officers and desired
to look at him. At this the man fired a pistol, the bullet whizzing
close to my ear. Then Kidder fired three shots; the man's gun lay about
four feet from him when he went to him.
Christian Nelson, machinist,
testified that he was on the ground and saw the deceased after he was
shot; deceased was lying on his back with blood coining out of his
head, but he was not dead. He saw the gun.
Leslie Kyle, roundhouse foreman,
said Kidder came to the roundhouse and asked for a phone, stating that
he was an officer and had shot a man and wanted to phone for the
coroner, which he did. I saw the deceased with a gun lying three or
four feet from him; also a pipe; deceased had a bullet wound in his eye.
F. E. Smith, machinist, was at
the roundhouse on the occasion of the shooting and saw the injured man
when the wagon came after him; did not sec his wound.Con Jones,
boilermaker, said a man was killed near the round-house and he saw him
and a gun lying close to the dead man.
W. C. Copeland, boilermaker,
testified: "All I saw was the dead man, 50 or 60 feet this side of the
roundhouse. I think he had a hole in his head. I think he was still
alive; know nothing about the shooting."
Jacob Smith, boilermaker, slated
that he saw a man with a hole in his head, ready to turn in his checks,
southeast of the roundhouse about nine o'clock; did not see the pistol
until after it was picked up.
M. F. Knechtel, boilermaker,
said: "I saw the man 15 or 20 steps southeast of the roundhouse. He was
shot over the right eye. I heard no shots. He looked like he was still
alive; saw him dead since at Ferguson's undertaking parlors."
Albert Ryan: "I was not at the
shooting; I saw a body at Ferguson's undertaking parlors and recognized
him. I knew him in Texas and knew him as Tommy Woods; I knew him in
Douglas. I glanced at his face and he was dead." Ryan, when
cross-examined, admitted that he told three men that he had not seen
deceased for five years.
Lee Thompson testified to corpus
delicti at the undertaking parlors: "I knew the deceased as Tom T.
Woods for three years; he worked for me twice, then opened up a saloon
on Ninth and G." Cross examined he stated: "He always carried a gun. T
have heard him say he would not give his gun up to an officer or
any-body else. I am not sure that I told Kidder about this before the
Campbell was recalled and stated
that he had seen the man's body at Ferguson's undertaking parlors.
Ryan, on being recalled,
admitted that a few days ago he had declared that he did not know the
name of the deceased. At this point, on motion of Assistant District
Attorney Ross and without objection, the name Tom T. Woods was
substituted instead of "John Doe."
The gun was produced in
evidence; also Kidder's gun. Con-stable Shropshire identified Kidder's
gun and stated that Kidder offered to give it up the night of the
Young Davis testified: "I am E.
P. and S. W. night watchman. Went over with Judge McDonald and found
the man; he was alive. I picked up the gun and examined it; it was
three feet from the body and had been fired once; the body was taken to
the Calumet hospital. I knew him by sight for three years, but did not
know his name.
Davis cross examined: "I
examined the gun by sticking my little finger in the muzzle and
smelling of it; identified the gun.
The defense called Officer
Shropshire who identified the gun as the one Davis gave him; he found a
stocking containing 38-40 smokeless cartridges in dead man's hip
pocket; also a couple of skeleton keys. The gun had been freshly fired.
One shot had been fired out of it. The gun was a 38 on a 45 frame.
Witness Campbell, for the
defense, stated that Kidder asked him to go down on Sixth street, which
they did. They came back near Happy Jack's place and went down on
Railroad avenue to investigate a robber's nest; went to the window.
Thought there were three men and a woman. They were talking about a
watch and money. Deceased came out of the back door and came up the
street. We followed him on suspicion. We split and followed him across
the railroad yards; it began to rain. Kidder was ahead of me; I think I
was within 30 or 40 yards of him. Kidder called to him in a loud tone,
"Hold on there, Jack, we are officers and want to look at you."
Deceased fired as previously stated.
Kidder's statement corroborated
Campbell's statement regard-ing Sixth street, and the hobo
headquarters; also in regard to the shooting. He hailed him as stated
by Campbell; deceased replied with a shot and I went to shooting back.
I fired three shots, then saw him on the ground. I left and went for an
officer. 1 was a territorial Ranger at that time. I was and I am here
under orders from the captain of the Rangers.
The prosecuting attorney moved
the court to discharge the defendant. The position of the prosecuting
attorney was fair in the extreme and his remarks to the court as well
as the evidence fully vindicated Kidder. The court found that Kidder
killed Tom T. Woods in the proper discharge of his duty. —Bisbee
FIT OF JEALOUSY
BENSON, Ariz., Feb. 28.—In an
insane fit of jealousy, J. A. Tracy, aged 38, a resident of Vail
Station, where he is the agent for the Helvetia Copper Company,
attempted to kill D. W. Silverton and wife yesterday at Benson, and
would have suc-ceeded had it not been for the interference of Lieut.
Wheeler of I lie Arizona Rangers.
As a result of the murderous
attempt, Tracy is dead and Wheeler is carrying two wounds to the
Tombstone hospital for treatment, one in the left leg above the knee,
and another in I he right foot.
Tracy was shot four times by
Wheeler. One ball entered the left breast, another through the neck,
the third in the shoulder and the last shot fired by Wheeler passed
through the left hip.
Back of the murderous attempt
made by Tracy to kill Silverton and wife is a story shrouded in mystery
relative to the relations existing between Tracy and Mrs. Silverton
before she was married.
Mrs. Silverton refuses to give
her maiden name, but says she knew Tracy, first in Nevada about a year
ago and later in Ari-zona. She says she knew Tracy in Tucson and also
Vail Station where she was a resident at the time Tracy lived there.
When taking her deposition
before the justice of the peace she swore Tracy was nothing more than a
friend. Later, to a Review reporter in disconnected statements, she
"This is all a one-sided affair
you know. We were doing our best to avoid trouble, and I don't sec what
they want us to stay over here for. Tracy is nothing to me. I have
never been married to him. I first knew him in Nevada about a year ago.
He was always wanting me to come to him."
Again she said: "He was crazy
What Mrs. Silverton was doing in
Nevada, Colorado, Tucson, Vail Station, and other points in the West,
she docs not state, and is very careful to guard her maiden name. She
takes this course upon the advice of her husband, who declares he does
not care what transpired between his wife and Tracy in the past; that
she is his wife now and he proposes to protect her.
D. W. Silverton Jr., is a son of
Col. D. W. Silverton, of Louis-ville, Kentucky, a prominent family of
that city. Col. Silverton has been in Cananea on several occasions as
the guest of Col. W. C. Greene. Young Silverton appeared worried
yesterday as to just how his father would receive the news of the
incident at Benson, in which he and his newly wedded wife played such
an important part.
When pressed by the reporter for
the name of his wife before she was married, Silverton gave as an
excuse for refusing to an-swer, that his wife was well connected in
Colorado and that he did not wish her folks to learn of the affair.
Mrs. Silverton admitted to a
Review man that she had lived in Colorado and Nevada, and that her
mother still lived in Colorado, but that her father was dead. When
pressed for more details concerning her life and movements, prior to
her marriage to Silverton, she evaded the questions, saying she could
not see how that could interest anybody.
Mrs. Silverton is good looking.
Rather tall and well formed. Large black eyes, brown wavy hair, and
seems partial to tur-quoise jewelry. Two large turquoise rings are worn
on the left hand and she wore ear rings with set turquoise stones. She
gave her age as 25 and said she had been in Arizona about a year and a
Young Silverton is a son of one
of the oldest families in Ken-tucky. He is a graduate of a school of
mines and says he is in the West to see the practical side of mining.
He says he first met Ins present wife about eighteen months ago in
Nevada and that they had corresponded at intervals since that time. He
says he wrote his wife to leave Vail Station and go to Phoenix, where
he met her and they were married six weeks ago by an evangelist named
McComa, who was traveling through Phoenix at the time.
With the marriage of Silverton
and this girl, whether for cause or not, Tracy's jealousy was aroused.
He learned that the couple were in Tucson on their honeymoon. He
followed them there and at one time had an interview with Mrs.
Silverton. She says he wanted to make her a present of a diamond ring
which she refused. Tracy made no threats at this time, but in order to
avoid meeting him again Silverton and his wife took an auto-mobile ride
through the country around Tucson. Tracy returned to his business at
Vail Station, but the next day, according to Mrs. Silverton, she
received four threatening letters from Tracy.
Tiring of Tucson, Mr. and Mrs.
Silverton decided to visit Bisbee, Cananea and Douglas. They boarded
the train for Ben-son at 2:30 p.m., Wednesday afternoon and arrived at
Vail, a way-station, about one hour later. As the train stopped at the
depot, Mrs. Silverton looked out of the window and saw Tracy standing
on the depot platform. She pointed him out to her husband who hastily
left his seat, and jumping down from the ear steps, he introduced
himself to Tracy as the husband of the woman to whom he had written the
threatening letters. Just what passed between the two men is not known.
The meeting was not pleasant and as the train pulled out of Vail
Station for Benson, Tracy attempted to catch the rear car but failed.
Mr. and Mrs. Silverton arrived
in Benson an hour later and took rooms at the Virginia hotel, being
assigned room 14. During the night, Tracy arrived from Vail Station
armed with a .45 Colts pistol. He remarked to a comrade, who rode with
him on the freight train, that he was "going to Benson to get a couple
of people." Silverton evidently thought that Tracy might follow him and
his wife to Benson and secured a negro porter to watch for Tracy and
inform him if he arrived. When Silverton arose early Thursday morning,
preparatory to leaving for Bisbee with his wife, he learned that Tracy
was in Benson. To make sure he stepped out on the front porch of the
Virginia hotel and saw Tracy standing beside the train which was about
to depart for Bisbee. Upon seeing Tracy, Silverton immediately entered
the hotel and asked Castenada, the proprietor, for a gun, as he feared
a man standing over by the train intended to do him harm. Castenada
advised that instead of getting a gun, that he report the matter to an
officer, and summoned Lieut. Wheeler of the Rangers, who was stopping
in the hotel.
After listening to the story of
Silverton and searching him to make sure he was not carrying a
concealed weapon, Wheeler walked towards the train, for the purpose of
preventing trouble, and to disarm Tracy, should he discover he was
carrying a gun. As Wheeler left the hotel, walking across the street to
the rail-road tracks, Tracy was standing on the car steps of the cafe
parlor ear. As Wheeler approached Tracy, and was within a few feet of
him, Mr. and Mrs. Silverton left the hotel also, to go to the train. As
Tracy saw the married couple leave the hotel he jumped down from the
steps and as he did so attempted to pull a gun, and had the gun half
out of his pocket, when Wheeler stepped up close, saying:
"Hold on there. I arrest you.
Give me that gun."
For reply Tracy whipped out a
revolver and fired, the shot entering the side of Wheelers coat,
passing through without doing any damage. As Tracy fired the first
shot. Wheeler got his own gun into action, and the next two shots were
fired almost together. Wheeler continued to advance upon Tracy,
command-ing him to halt; that he was under arrest, and to surrender his
gun. Tracy kept firing and Wheeler returned the fire. When Wheeler had
fired four shots, all of them taking effect, and the men were standing
in the middle of the street, Tracy said:
"I am all in. My gun is empty."
At this announcement. Wheeler
threw his gun down on the ground, and walked toward Tracy, commanding
him to sur-render. At this time Wheeler was shot through the leg and
Tracy was shot four times in the body above the waist line, though he
was still able to stand on his feet.
Tracy's gun was not empty. As
Wheeler advanced toward him, Tracy fired at him twice, one of the shots
taking effect in the Ranger's foot. Nothing daunted. Wheeler gathered
up some rocks and began throwing at his man (his own gun was several
feet behind him) and finally, after Tracy had shot at him six times,
Wheeler walked up to him and disarmed him, turned him over to a lone
Benson officer, went back and picked up his own gun, and then was so
weak from pain and loss of blood that he had to be assisted into the
Tracy was able to walk with
assistance. From the nature of his wounds, it was thought best to send
him to a hospital at Tucson. He died on the way, at Mescal Station.
Capt. Rynning, who was in Benson
at the time, took a deposi-tion from Tracy, but could not get him to
say much beyond the fact that there was a woman in the case.
Wheeler was taken to the
hospital in Tombstone yesterday by Capt. Rynning. He will be confined
to his bed for about a month.
When seen by a Review man at
Benson, Wheeler regretted the occurrence and was sorry when he learned
that his assailant had died while being taken to Tucson.
There is little doubt that Tracy
came to Benson for the pur-pose of killing Silverton and his wife, and
but for the prompt and plucky action of Ranger Wheeler, there was very
little doubt I hat he would have accomplished his purpose.
WHEELER MADE A GOOD FIGHT
The affray at Benson Thursday
morning resulted in the display of unusual bravery by Lieut. Wheeler of
the Arizona Rangers. The circumstances of the encounter with the man
Tracy dis-closed the fact that the brave officer, while acting in the
defense of his own life, had no desire to take that of his assailant
when he made the claim that his pistol had been emptied of bullets.
It is quite evident that only
for the presence of Wheeler in Benson, Tracy would have killed the man
Silverton and perhaps his wife also. Tracy was acting like an insane
man and had undoubtedly followed Silverton and wife to Benson with the
purpose of satisfying an insane jealous hate.
Wheeler has shown that as an
officer he is all right. He was no doubt taken unawares when Tracy
began shooting at him, but lie was not stampeded; he was there to
prevent murder which had been threatened by Tracy and he did so by
risking his own life.
Lieut. Wheeler is to be
congratulated on his narrow escape from more serious harm and also on
the fact that he did his duty as an officer, and while the death of
Tracy will be regretted it no doubt saved the life of Silverton.
PHOENIX, March 1.—D. W.
Silverton, who stated to a news-paper reporter at Benson on Tuesday
that he and his wife had been married in Phoenix six weeks ago, will
find he is unable to prove this assertion by the records of the probate
court in this county.
A newspaper correspondent called
on the probate judge here today and that official informed him that a
marriage license had never been issued in this county to D. W.
Silverton to wed any-body.
The story told at Benson to the
effect that he had been mar-led by a traveling evangelist is also
evidently a fabrication, as no one ever heard of a traveling evangelist
by that name. The persistency with which Silverton refused to give the
maiden name of his alleged wife, and the failure to find any marriage
license on record in this county, surrounds the tragedy enacted at
Benson Thursday with additional mystery regarding the re-lations of
Tracy with the woman in the case and also her relations with Silverton.
Now that the excitement
attending the killing of Tracy by Ranger Lieutenant Harry Wheeler has
subsided, little side stories which throw a melodramatic air about the
episode are coming to light.
It is related by a bystander who
was so close to the shooting that he had to move lest he get out of
luck and into range of some of the flying missiles from the guns of the
combatants that as both men lay on the ground at the end of the affray,
at a time when Wheeler is said to have refused the comfort of a chair,
preferring that it be given his erstwhile antagonist, the man who would
have taken his life had his aim been true, Wheeler turned his head
toward the man near him remarking: "Well, it was a great fight while it
lasted, wasn't it, old man."
"I'll get you yet," said Tracy,
with the faintest kind of a grim smile. He reached for Wheeler's
proffer hand. But little did the wounded man realize that it was his
last threat. He expired but a few hours later on his way to medical
attendance at Tucson. —Bisbee Review, 1907
In his biennial message to the
territorial legislature in 1907, Governor Joseph H. Kibbey had this to
say about the Arizona Rangers:
"Although expensive to the
territory, the Arizona Rangers proved so often their usefulness that it
seems impossible to recommend the repeal of the law authorizing the
force. The area of Arizona is vast, and there are so many remote
sections in which the county peace officers do not ordinarily
travel—the remoter sections being the favorite haunts of criminals of
the most desperate class—that the Rangers to a large extent perform
functions that can not well be performed at all by sheriffs or their
deputies. The Rangers are traveling almost constantly, and as their
identity is kept hidden except when necessary to reveal it, they are
enabled to make many arrests of great importance. During the biennial
period ended June 30, 1906, the Rangers made a total of 1,756 arrests,
of which 451 were for felonies. In addition to these arrests, they made
many others in conjuga-tion with local officers, the Rangers being
quite frequently called upon for assistance by sheriffs and police
"During the past year one of the
most notable achievements of the Rangers was to detect a conspiracy
which was forming in Arizona by Mexican citizens to start a
revolutionary movement against the government of Mexico, to arrest the
ringleaders of the revolutionists, and to aid in their deportation or
conviction. When the officers of the Rangers brought to my attention
the facts they had learned as to this conspiracy, I at once laid all
the available facts before the United States District Attorney, and
also advised the State Department at Washington. The projected
revolution-ary movement was effectively suppressed, and for their
efficiency in this matter the territorial authorities have been warmly
thanked by both the Mexican Government and the United States Government.
"The total cost of maintaining
the Ranger force during the fiscal year 1905 was $33,354.46. During the
fiscal year 1906 it was $33,054.17." Captain Tom Rynning of this city
has received the appointment of superintendent of the territorial
prison at Yuma, succeeding Jerry Millay, who resigned on account of bad
health. The ap-pointment was announced yesterday by Governor Kibbey.
This leaves open the position of captain of the Rangers and it is
rumored that Lieutenant Wheeler, who is next in line in the Ranger
force, will be given the appointment. The news of Captain Rynning's
appointment is a source of much gratification to friends in Douglas and
elsewhere over the territory. It has been predicted that Deputy Sheriff
Hopkins, formerly sergeant of the Rangers, will be offered the
lieutenancy and that in the event of his declination the position will
be up to Ranger Kidder who is now stationed at Douglas. Should the
lieutenancy come to Sergeant Kidder it could not be given to a more
deserving officer. He has been very active in the hunting down of
criminals for the four years of his connection with the Rangers. He has
always been a careful, courageous and zealous officer and the people of
Douglas would be pleased to hear of his promotion. —Douglas Dispatch,
1907 Editor's Note: The immediate appointment by Governor Joseph H.
Kibbey of Lieutenant Harry S. Wheeler as captain of the Rangers and
confirmation by the Arizona Legislature which followed on March 22,
1907, gave the organization its third, and what proved to be its last
Sergeant William A. Old was
appointed to the lieutenancy by Governor Kibbey, and the appointment
was confirmed by the legislature.