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County Seat: Hot Springs
Established: April 5, 1873
Parent Counties: Hot Spring, Montgomery, and Saline and Clark
Garland County, in the heart of the Ouachita Mountains, is home to the nation’s first federal reservation (est. 1832), which later became Hot Springs National Park. The first settler was Jean Pierre Emanuel Prudhomme who built the first real settlement by the springs in 1807 and lived there two years. The ownership of the valuable land around the hot springs was fought over in the courts for almost twenty-five years between original claimants John C. Hale, Ludovicus Belding, John Percifull, and Henry M. Rector. When the U.S. Supreme Court settled the dispute in 1877, the U.S. government owned the land as a national reservation.
Garland County, is home one of the largest quartz crystal mine operations in North America; the Ouachita Mountains and National Forest and the Lake Quachita, Lake Catherine and Lake Hamilton State Parks.
There are 47 springs along the base of the Hot Springs Mountain.
Garland County, with the county seat at Hot Springs, was formed April 5, 1873 and named for Augustus H. Garland, Governor of Arkansas, United States Senator and Grover Cleveland's Attorney General.
Garland County's 2000 population was 89,657, with Hot Springs having 35,750.
Towns and Other Populated Places
Hot Springs is the county’s largest city.
Other towns include Mountain Pine, an incorporated city with a population of 770 in 2010, and Lonsdale and Fountain Lake, with populations of 94 and 503, respectively. Large industries began adding to the county’s economic base after World War II began, including Reynolds Metal Company in 1942, Alliance Rubber Company in 1954, Norris Dispensers, Inc., in 1957, and Lake Catherine Footwear in 1960.
The gated community of Hot Springs Village, which straddles the Garland-Saline county line, was established in 1970 and had 12,807 residents in the 2010 census, and the town is known for its recreational facilities, especially golf courses that constitute a major tourist attraction.
[excerpts from Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture and wikipedia]
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