Genealogy Trails History Group

Grant County, Arkansas
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Grant County

Grant County was formed February 4, 1869. It was named for President Ulysses S. Grant.
Sheridan is the county seat.

Population, 1940:  10, 477 

Grant County was created by the first reconstruction Legislature, Governor Clayton approving the act on February 4, 1869. The territory comprising it was taken from Hot Spring, Jefferson and Saline counties. It was named for Gen Ulysses S. Grant, who had been elected president of the United States in November, 1868. The county is centrally located. On the north it is bounded by Saline and Pulaski counties; on the east by Jefferson County; on the south by Cleveland and Dallas counties, and on the west by Hot Spring and Saline counties. Its area is 637 square miles of gently rolling land, drained by the Saline River, Hurricane and Brush creeks.

William M. Allison, John W Harrison and Thomas A. Morris were appointed commissioners to locate the county seat. A. N.  Harris off ered to donate land for a seat of justice. His offer was accepted by the commissioners and the town of Sheridan was laid out. Until the completion of the courthouse in 1871, the county business was transacted in a store house belonging to E. H. Vance. The first county officers were: T. A. Morris, judge; E. H. Vance Jr., clerk; T. W. Quinn, sheriff; Thomas Page, treasurer; L. J. Wallace, surveyor; J. Holiman, coroner; J. H. Burk, assessor. 

On the night of March 13, 1877, the courthouse was destroyed by fire, supposed to have been of incendiary origin. Temporary quarters were obtained and used until a new courthouse was ready for occupancy in 1880. The county is divided into the following townships: Calvert, Darysaw, Davis, DeKalb, Fenter, Franklin, Madison, Merry Green, River, Simpson, Tennessee and Washington. 

Prior to 1840 hunting and trapping were about the only occupations of the few white people living within the present limits of the county. In 1841 a number of persons settled in the county. Among them were Merrill Alley, Hugh Berry, Seth Atchley, Edward Calvert, Benjamin Hubbard, John B. Hester, James Rogers, Jonas Black, Francis Posey, the Porters, the Tulls, The Fenters, the Williams family and some others. The first store was opened near Morring's Ferry, in what is now Calvert Township by a Frenchman named Nicholai. The first post office was at Lost Creek, and Joab Pratt, a local preacher, was one of the early postmasters. 

The Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad runs along the western boarder of the county, and the Benton & Pine Bluff division of the Missouri Pacific passes through Sheridan, which is the largest town. It was incorporated on August 4, 1888; has two weekly newspapers, a telephone exchange, lumber interests, and is the principal banking and commercial center. The population in 1920 was 695. Leola, on the Rock Island Railroad in the southwest corner, is the only other incorporated town. It has two sawmills, a cooperage plant, general store, etc., and a population of 482.
Belfast, Erin, Cherrygrove, Grapevine and Prague are the principal villages.
[Source: Annals of Arkansas, 1947, Dallas T Herndon, editor, Historical Record Association; Transcribed by Joe Rose]


Cities, Towns and Other Populated Places
Leola * Prattsville  * Sheridan
Poyen * Tull
 


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Grant County Data


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Website Updates:
Sep 2014:  Bios from the "Biographical and Histor ical Memoirs of Western Arkansas"


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Surrounding Counties
Saline County (north)
Pulaski County (northeast)
Jefferson County (east)
Cleveland County (southeast)
Dallas County (south)
Hot Spring County (west)


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