Forgotten Places

 in Arkansas

( Part Two )

TINA EASLEY

tinaeasley67@hotmail.com 

http://genealogytrails.com/ark/greene/

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ar/county/greene/

Double Click name of Place for more information.

Source - Places marked historical were searched thru USGS , others were identified while researching , sources noted.

O thru Z --- Forgotten Places

Oak Flat (historical) Van Buren AR Leslie
Oak Hill (historical) Howard AR Dierks
Oakdale (historical) Lincoln AR Tyro
Oakhurst (historical) Dallas AR Princeton West
Oakwood (historical) Garland AR Fannie
Oakwoods (historical) Drew AR Monticello South
Obear (historical) Craighead AR Otwell

Obin (historical) Grant AR Cane Creek
Oconee (historical) Randolph AR Dalton
Oga (historical) Stone AR Onia
Okay (historical) Pope AR Lost Corner
Old Euclid (historical) Howard AR Dierks Dam
Old Lewisburg Conway Ar County seat
Old Liberty (historical) Van Buren AR Cleveland
Old Linder (historical) Faulkner AR Greenbrier
Old Piney (historical) Drew AR Collins NW
Old Thompson (historical) Howard AR Athens
Old Union (historical) Howard AR Umpire
Old Union (historical) Drew AR Collins NW
Ona (historical) Arkansas AR Stuttgart North
Onalaska (historical) Ouachita AR Eagle Mills
Opitz (historical) Saline AR Traskwood
Opposition (historical) Lawrence AR Ravenden

Orchard (historical) Perry AR Martindale
Oreb (historical) Howard AR Dierks Dam
Oregon (historical) Boone AR Bergman
Orr (historical) Mississippi AR Leachville
Osborn (historical) Benton AR Garfield
Osotouy (historical) Arkansas AR Watson
Ozmont Bluff (historical) Drew AR Monticello South
Pactolus (historical) Benton AR Cherokee City
Paepcke (historical) Mississippi AR Blytheville
Paraclifta (historical) Sevier AR Falls Chapel
Paradise (historical) Drew AR Monticello South
Parham (historical) Arkansas AR Stuttgart North
Paris (historical) Greene AR Marmaduke
Parma (historical) Desha AR Gould
Parn (historical) Benton AR Centerton

Pates (historical) Howard AR Athens
Patterson (historical) St. Francis AR Gieseck
Pattersons Bluff (historical) Logan AR Unknown
Peace (historical) Cleveland AR Kedron
Peach (historical) Fulton AR Mammoth Spring
Pedlo (historical) Boone AR Everton
Pekin (historical) Craighead AR Needham
Pekin (historical) Stone AR Shirley
Penters Bluff (historical) Izard AR Bethesda
Perman (historical) Monroe AR Pine City
Phelan (historical) Ashley AR Mist
Phosphate (historical) Independence AR Bethesda
Pickles Gap (historical) Faulkner AR Greenbrier
Pine Mountain (historical) Van Buren AR Scotland
Pinnacle Springs (historical) Faulkner AR Damascus

Pippin (historical) Benton AR Pea Ridge
Pirlte (historical) Bradley AR Hermitage
Pisgah (historical) Pope AR Holla Bend
Pittman (historical) Clay AR Datto
Pleasant Home (historical) Pike AR Murfreesboro
Pless (historical) Pope AR Knoxville
Plum Bayou (historical) Jefferson AR Wright
Plumlee (historical) Newton AR Ponca
Poe (historical) Van Buren AR Shirley
Point of Rocks Pulaski Ar Little Rock
Point Remove Conway Ar
Polo (historical) Carroll AR Grandview
Poluca (historical) Randolph AR Pocahontas
Pond (historical) Benton AR Gravette
Pool (historical) Cleveland AR Rison
Porters Store (historical) Washington AR Brentwood
Potash Sulphur Springs (historical) Garland AR Lake Catherine

Poyner (historical) Johnson AR Hagarville
Providence (historical) Faulkner AR Fourche
Pryor Ridge (historical) Howard AR Baker Springs
Puckett (historical) Benton AR Rogers
Pump Springs (historical) Howard AR Nathan
Quinlan (historical) Woodruff AR Hunter East
Rabell (historical) Pike AR Murfreesboro NE
Race (historical) Benton AR Hiwasse
Racket Ridge (historical) Van Buren AR Rex
Radway (historical) Cleveland AR Rison
Rankin (historical) Little River AR Ashdown West
Rankin (historical) Perry AR Martindale
Raum (historical) Carroll AR Denver
Ray Station (historical) Jefferson AR Moscow
Raymond (historical) Monroe AR Monroe

Red Bluff (historical) Jefferson AR Redfield
Red Fork Ar
Red Hill (historical) Sevier AR Geneva
Red Neck (historical) Drew AR Monticello South
Redbird (historical) Montgomery AR Oden
Reed (historical) Sharp AR Poughkeepsie
Reed Settlement (historical) Drew AR Monticello South
Reeves (historical) Chicot AR Lake Village
Register (historical) Nevada AR Bodcaw
Rest (historical) Lincoln AR Glendale
Rickert (historical) Washington AR Wheeler
Riddle (historical) Sevier AR Unknown
Riley Creek (historical) Yell AR Danville
Ripley (historical) Cleveland AR Herbine
Roberts (historical) Miller AR Fouke
Roberts (historical) Arkansas AR Humphrey

Rockbridge Ozark Ar N Fork
Rock Creek (historical) Pike AR Glenwood
Rocky Comfort (historical) Benton AR Hiwasse
Roff (historical) Polk AR Bog Springs
Rollinson (historical) St. Francis AR Dansby
Rome City (historical) Benton AR Colcord NE
Rosedale (historical) Howard AR Silver Ridge
Rosedale (historical) Crawford AR Natural Dam
Rough Edge (historical) Howard AR Dierks Dam
Rough and Ready (historical) Drew AR Monticello South
Round Top (historical) Benton AR Gravette
Rowlett (historical) Faulkner AR Guy
Ruckers Grove (historical) Washington AR Elkins
Ruddells (historical) Izard AR Sylamore
Ruffin (historical) Poinsett AR Trumann
Running Lake (historical) Randolph AR Pocahontas

Saint Francis (historical) Cross AR Parkin
Saint Thomas (historical) Crittenden AR Frenchmans Bayou
Salem (historical) Faulkner AR Gleason
Saline (historical) Bradley AR Wilmar South
Saline (historical) Howard AR Umpire
Saline (historical) Dallas AR Bunn
Saline River (historical) Grant AR Bunn
Sanders (historical) Hot Spring AR De Roche
Sandtown (historical) Conway AR Houston
Sandtuck (historical) Bradley AR Sumpter
Sardis (historical) Hempstead AR Patmos
Sassafras (historical) Arkansas AR De Witt NE
Scaife (historical) Chicot AR Eminence
Scarb (historical) Craighead AR Herman
Scoby (historical) Cleveland AR Warren NE

Scrouge Out (historical) Drew AR Monticello South
Secrest (historical) Jefferson AR Sherrill
Sedalia (historical) Benton AR War Eagle
Sellmeyer (historical) Clay AR Knobel
Sensation (historical) Scott AR Horseshoe Mountain
Serepta Springs (historical) Nevada AR Laneburg
Settlement (historical) Van Buren AR Shirley
Sexton (historical) Washington AR Westville
Shake Rag (historical) Van Buren AR Clinton
Shaver (historical) Boone AR Alpena
Shaw (historical) Craighead AR Rivervale
Shilo (historical) Searcy AR Harriet
Shiloh (historical) Cleburne AR Greers Ferry
Shonyo (historical) Mississippi AR Dell
Short (historical) White AR Judsonia

Silt (historical) Lincoln AR Grady
Silver Springs (historical) Benton AR Rogers
Simco (historical) Sharp AR Grange
Simmons (historical) Woodruff AR McCrory
Sims (historical) Mississippi AR Frenchmans Bayou
Slatington (historical) Montgomery AR Polk Creek Mountain
Slicker (historical) Searcy AR Snowball
Slip-Up and Hitch (historical) Howard AR Newhope
Slocomb (historical) Saline AR Haskell
Slovaktown (historical) Prairie AR Slovak
Smead (historical) Calhoun AR Woodberry
Smeadley (historical) Johnson AR Hunt
Smithton (historical) Clark AR Gurdon
Smithville (historical) Craighead AR Brookland
Smyrna (historical) Howard AR Gillham Dam

Sneed (historical) Cleveland AR New Edinburg
Sommer (historical) Logan AR New Blaine
South Bend (historical) Lincoln AR Gillett
Southern Home (historical) Yell AR Blue Mountain Dam
Spear (historical) Prairie AR Slovak
Spencer (historical) Baxter AR Norfork Dam North
Spielerville (historical) Logan AR Paris
Spring Bank (historical) Miller AR Doddridge SE
Spring Lake (historical) Garland AR Lake Catherine
Springfield (historical) Mississippi AR Leachville
Stanley (historical) Pike AR Narrows Dam
Star of the West (historical) Pike AR Center Point NE
Stephenson (historical) Pike AR Murfreesboro
Sterling (historical) Chicot AR Readland
Stineville (historical) Prairie AR Jasmine

Stone (historical) Marion AR Cotter SW
Stoops (historical) Monroe AR Keevil
Stop (historical) Crawford AR Evansville
Studemeir (historical) Grant AR Grapevine
Sturdevant (historical) Woodruff AR McCrory
Sturgis (historical) Bradley AR Marsden
Styra (historical) Clay AR Pollard
Sub Rosa (historical) Franklin AR Cecil
Sulphur Spring (historical) Newton AR Hasty
Summit (historical) Washington AR Elkins
Summit (historical) Benton AR Bentonville North
Sunny Gap (historical) Faulkner AR Hamlet
Sunrise (historical) White AR Floyd
Sunshine (historical) Howard AR Dierks
Super (historical) Arkansas AR Stuttgart North

Sydenham (historical) Washington AR Elkins
Sylvia (historical) Marion AR Cozahome
Tatetown (historical) Pope AR Lee Mountain
Tatumville (historical) Saline AR Congo
Taylorville (historical) Woodruff AR McCrory
Telico (historical) St. Francis AR Forrest City
Thessing (historical) Franklin AR Charleston
Thomas (historical) Prairie AR Hazen
Thomwall (historical) Arkansas AR De Witt
Thrasher (historical) Hempstead AR McNab
Tilmanville Greene Ar
Todd (historical) Lincoln AR Star City
Towle (historical) Monroe AR Monroe
Townsley (historical) Madison AR Weathers
Trammell (historical) Benton AR Gentry
Trigg (historical) Cleveland AR Ivan

Troy (historical) Drew AR Line
Truth (historical) Madison AR Kingston
Tunnel (historical) Carroll AR Eureka Springs
Turin (historical) Grant AR Sheridan
Turney (historical) Cross AR Monterey
Turnip (historical) White AR Rose Bud
Tuscany (historical) Jackson AR Grubbs
Twin Oak (historical) Hot Spring AR Malvern South
Two Mile (historical) Polk AR Potter
Tyler (historical) Cleburne AR Floral
Tyner (historical) Phillips AR Rondo
Underwood (historical) Independence AR Newark
Unionville (historical) Cleveland AR Rison
Upper Nodena (historical) Mississippi AR Nodena
Uzzett (historical) Prairie AR Hickory Plains

Valley Ridge (historical) Howard AR Gillham Dam
Van Wagoner (historical) Ouachita AR Bragg City
Veits (historical) Prairie AR Slovak
Venquin (historical) Madison AR Witter
Vest (historical) Izard AR Boswell
Villa Vale (historical) Lincoln AR Pinebergen
Vinson (historical) Chicot AR Luna
Vogel (historical) Benton AR Springdale
Waco (historical) Craighead AR Rivervale
Wadell (historical) St. Francis AR Hawkins
Wager (historical) Benton AR Robinson
Wake (historical) Baxter AR Norfork Dam North
Wakefield (historical) Howard AR Mineral Springs North
Walco (historical) Hot Spring AR Malvern South
Walden (historical) Carroll AR Beaver

Waldstein (historical) Jefferson AR Reydell
Wann (historical) Benton AR Colcord NE
Watervalley (historical) Randolph AR Ravenden Springs
Watkins (historical) Boone AR Harrison
Wayside (historical) Hot Spring AR Point Cedar
Webbs Mill (historical) Craighead AR Needham
Welchs Shop (historical) Dallas AR Tulip
Welford (historical) Cross AR Monterey
Wells Creek (historical) Newton AR Hasty
Wenstead (historical) Sharp AR Hardy NE
West (historical) Conway AR Adona
West Bayou (historical) Arkansas AR Humphrey SW
Westbrook (historical) Hempstead AR McCaskill
Whitburg (historical) Craighead AR Needham
Whitlock (historical) Saline AR Benton

Wilcox (historical) Bradley AR Vick
Wildcat (historical) Crittenden AR Jeanette
Wilkinsville (historical) Jackson AR Amagon
Willard (historical) Prairie AR Jasmine
Williams Gulf (historical) Van Buren AR Rex
Willowdale (historical) Pulaski AR Sweet Home
Winona Springs (historical) Carroll AR Rockhouse
Wise (historical) Ouachita AR Bragg City
Wolf Pen (historical) Carroll AR Marble
Wolverton (historical) Mississippi AR Luxora
Wona (historical) Miller AR Mandeville
Woodland (historical) Saline AR Benton
Woodlawn (historical) Nevada AR Troy
Woods (historical) Benton AR Bentonville South
Woolverton (historical) Conway AR Formosa

Wranes (historical) White AR West Point
Wrape (historical) Cross AR Tilton
Wright (historical) Pike AR Murfreesboro NE
Wyandotte (historical) Hot Spring AR Traskwood
Wyles (historical) St. Francis AR Dansby
Wyloe (historical) Ouachita AR Bragg City
Yadkin (historical) Randolph AR Ravenden Springs
Youngstown (historical) Lincoln AR Cornerstone
Yuma (historical) Prairie AR De Valls Bluff
Zadock (historical) Johnson AR Hagarville
Zama (historical) Nevada AR Bluff City
Zeb (historical) Searcy AR Snowball
Zebulon (historical) Pike AR Lodi
Zellner (historical) Desha AR Kelso

 

 


 

Source - Early Days in Arkansas 1814 - 1895

A duel which created wide-spread interest on account of the prominence of the parties involved , was fought early in the month of September 1827 , between Thomas W. Newton and Ambrose H. Sevier. The meeting took place at a point on the Arkansas river about sixty miles above Little Rock, called Point Remove. This spot is now in Conway County, Arkansas, but was at that time in the country of the Cherokees.

The affair grew out of the highly inflamed state of political excitement that was then begining to manifest itself in the Territory, and Sevier and Newton were warm partisans of their respective leaders. Mr. Conway was the recognized leader of one party, and Robert Crittenden led the other party. Gen. George W. Jones, of Iowa, and the life- long friend of ex-President Jefferson Davis, .and who in after years became a United States Senator from Iowa, was Mr. Newton's second, while Dr. William P. Reyburn acted as his surgeon, and Robert C. Oden as his friend. Mr. Sevier had Col. Wharton Rector for his second, and Dr. Nimrod Menifee of Conway county, attended as his surgeon. After the usual preliminaries, such as stepping off the ground, deciding upon the "words," loading the pistols, etc., had been gone through with, the principals were placed in position, at ten paces, and their weapons handed them.

Both pistols were discharged simultaneously, without injury to either party. A second shot was demanded, and the opponents again took their places. But before the second shot could be ex- changed. Dr. Menifee sprang" in between the combatants and protested against further hostilities, declaring if another was had it must go through his body. He appealed to Gen. Jones if a settlement could not be arranged without the spilling of blood. A consultation was then held by the friends of both parties, which resulted in a determination to bring the affair to an honorable close without fur- ther resort to arms. The principals were compelled to accept this verdict of their friends. Mr. Newton and Mr. Sevier became warm friends afterwards.


Source - Early Days in Arkansas 1814 - 1895

It may, perhaps, not be out of place to mention in this connection, a duel "that was not all a duel." This affair occurred in ante-Territorial days, and was between Col. Frederick Notrebe and Col. Alexander Walker, both prominent citizens of the Post of Arkansas. Col. Walker was quite a character in his way, and Col. Notrebe had all the fiery impulses of his race the French. These gentlemen had always maintained the most cordial and friendly relations towards each other. But, as it often happens, the best of friends fall out, so it happened to these two old friends, and they became involved in a general quarrel or dispute over some matter or other that "grew by what it fed on," until Col. Walker let drop a remark about Col. Notrebe which he took as an insult, and demanded satisfaction, which Col. Walker agreed to give according to the code.

A sand-bar opposite the Post, in the Quapaw country, was selected for the place of meeting. Before daylight of the day of battle Col. Notrebe, with his seconds and surgeon and other friends, as well as a large crowd of his dependents and nearly all of his negroes, crossed over the river and awaited the coming of the foe. Col. Walker and his party, consisting of his second and surgeon and a few friends, arrived just after day. Col. Walker, seeing the formidable array confronting him, exclaimed : "Well, Freder- ick, if I had known that you were going to come with an army at your back I would have come over during the night and thrown up breast works.This sally caused a general laugh and gave the friends of both parties the much desired opportunity of adjusting the matter without a resort to arms. Col. Walker expressed a willingness to recall the objectionable words if Col. Notrebe would withdraw his challenge. This Col. Notrebe agreed to do, and the two old pioneers remained life long friends.


Source - Early Days in Arkansas 1814 - 1895

 Toward the latter part of September of the same year I met Governor Pope at Louisville, and on Sunday morning, the 30th day of September, we left on board the steamboat "Reindeer," an Arkansas River packet, commanded by Capt. Daniel Miller of the firm of Montgomery, Miller & Company, forwarding and commission merchants of Montgomery's Point, Arkansas, at the mouth of White River.

The "Reindeer" was a side-wheeler of about 600 tons burden. She was built after the pattern of most of the steamboats plying the western waters. The gentlemen's cabin was below and aft the wheel houses, and had for sleeping accommodations bunks, one above the other, and provided with curtains, an arrangement similar to that on modern sleeping cars, but very far from being so luxurious. The ladies cabin was immediately above and was provided with state rooms and some considerable show of comfort and convenience. From the wheel houses back there were wide guards and steps leading up to the ladies' cabin. In front of the ladies cabin, on the boiler deck, were accommodations for deck passengers.

This in warm weather was the most pleasant part of the boat. In front of the wheel houses there were no guards, the boat coming to a sharp point at the bow. Gov. Pope and myself were the only cabin passengers for Arkansas, although there were a large number of passengers for points along the Mississippi River as far down as Louisiana, among them Senator Black, wife and daughter, of Missis- sippi. The boat carried a heavy cargo of freight for points along the Arkansas and White Rivers. On account of the low stage of water in the Ohio River and the heavily ladened condition of the boat, we stuck on every sand-bar between Louisville and Paducah.

It was not until Sunday, October 7th, that we reached Bird's Point (now Cairo), at the mouth of the Ohio. Soon after our arrival at Paducah a large New Orleans packet landed just below the "Reindeer," and after she had been made fast and the gang- plank put out, I observed two men go ashore who seemed to be in an angry altercation about something. One of the men was very tall, while the other was of rather slight build. When they reached the wharf the larger one struck his companion in the face and knocked him down, who, as he arose to his feet, drew a long dirk knife and stabbed his assailant to the heart, killing him instantly. The murderer started to run, but a boy stopped his flight by striking him in the back with a stone. The man was promptly arrested and hurried of, but I never learned his fate. These men were Italian fruit venders, and partners in the business. This tragedy made a very deep impression on my mind, as it was the first time I had ever seen human life taken, but it was by no means the last bloody affray I witnessed in those early days.

On October the 11th we reached Montgomery's Point, one of the oldest and most widely known landing's on the Mississippi River. In the early settlement of Louisiana Territory this point was the place of residence of Francois D'Armand, a wealthy fur trader and a man of considerable im- portance in that region of country. Gen. William Montgomery resided at the Point at this time. A few of the old log cabins erected by Francois D'Armand in 1766 were still standing about three hundred yards back from the river. Two large log ware-houses, built upon piling, stood near the water's edge and were used by the firm of Montgomery, Miller & Co., for storing- freight destined for points along the Arkansas and White rivers. The extensive business of this firm was under the management of Mr. Moses Greenwood, who afterwards became a prominent and wealthy commission merchant of New Qrleans, and who was well known and highly respected through out the the South for his many excellent traits of character.


Source - Early Days in Arkansas 1814 - 1895

Among the large number of deck passengers on the steamer "Reindeer," bound for Arkansas Territory, was Major Kwing and party from Ken-'
tucky, who had large government contracts for surveying the public lands of the Territory.

Another of the deck passengers was Bennett B. Ball, of Shelby County, Ky., a lawyer of some prominence, and who afterwards cut quite a figure
in early Arkansas politics, and who settled at Old Lewisburg, then the county seat of Conway County.


Source - Early Days in Arkansas 1814 - 1895

We left Gray's the next morning at about seven o'clock and arrived opposite the town of Little Rock at twelve o'clock, noon, October 16, 1832.
The Governor's party was met here and entertained by Judge David Rover where Argenta, or North Little Rock, now stands. Judge Rover had
the ferry privilege at this point. We remained as his guests until four o'clock p. m., when we made preparation to cross the river.


Source - Early Days in Arkansas 1814 - 1895 

Their original intention was to locate at New Gascony, a French trading post, on the north side of the Arkansas River, fifteen miles below where
Pine BlufF now stands. But after crossing the Mississippi River, the party struck an Indian trail that carried them to where Batesville now is, on
the White River. Thence they traveled in a south- westerly course until they struck the Arkansas River at a place about fifteen miles above the "Point
of Rocks
," where the town of Little Rock was afterwards located. Major Pyeatt determined to stop here and establish his settlement. He gave the name of Crystal Hill to the place on account of the proximity of an eminence of considerable height, covered with quartz crystals of various sizes. Here they proceeded to erect log houses and to surround themselves with the rude comforts of pioneer homes. This party of immigrants had not long been established in their new homes when they were greatly surprised to learn that another party of immigrants from North Carolina had preceded them about a year and were then living a few miles above Crystal Hill, on the south side of the river, at the foot of the Maumelle mountains, or, as they were then called, the "Mammal Mountains."


Source - Early Days in Arkansas 1814 - 1895 

 A short time after the establishment of the settlement near Crystal Hill, Jacob Pyeatt and a portion of the settlers moved up the river about twenty-three miles, and located another settlement near the mouth of a small stream called the Cadron.This place was for several years the temporary county seat of Pulaski County.

After the two settlements had been pretty thoroughly established, Major Pyeatt conceived the idea of cutting out a trace from the settlements to the Arkansas Post, for the guidance and benefit of those who might come in the future. With a number of the settlers, he set about the undertaking. At a point about fifty miles from the place of beginning and at a stream, afterwards known as the Wattensaw, he struck an Indian trail that led directly to the Post of Arkansas, his objective point. This, I think, may well be considered the beginning of road making in Arkansas.


Source - Early Days in Arkansas 1814 - 1895 

Little Rock in 1832. But little of the capital could be seen from the north side of the river when I first saw the town in 1832, on account of the high and irregular bluffs on the south bank, which time and the march of improvement have greatly lowered and depressed. In the first geography I ever studied, when a boy, the author located the capital of Arkansas on the north side of the river, and called it Arkapolis. This glaring error was continued subsequently in Morse's Geography. I am informed that this misnomer grew abroad as the result of a meeting of a few citizens of Little Rock, held February 10, 1821, at which a resolution was adopted, changing the name of the town to Arkapolis. The resolution had few friends outside of the meeting, and the proposition fell stillborn at home, although the publication of its adoption abroad found favor with the geographers.


Source - Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeastern Arkansas - 1889

Bagwell Lake in the eastern part of Greene County took its name from Aaron Bagwell in the early days of Greene County.


Source - Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeastern Arkansas - 1889

Paris the original seat of justice in Greene County about 1835 , at a point 5 miles northeast of Gainesville . Here a log court was erected and one or two stores opened.


Source - Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeastern Arkansas - 1889

Herndon a postoffice in southwest part of Greene County .


Source - Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeastern Arkansas - 1889

Tilmanville a postoffice fifteen miles north of Paragould.


Source - History of Southern Missouri and Northern Arkansas 1865

The family of William Monk , author , settled at Bennett's river about 25 miles from where West Plains is now located .


Source - History of Southern Missouri and Northern Arkansas 1865 - 1913

Ozark County and Rockbridge , its county seat , being located on Bryan's Fork of the North Fork , about 50 miles from the state line.


Source - History of Southern Missouri and Northern Arkansas 1865 - 1913

On July 11th we broke camp and reached Yellville, Marion county, and on the 13th reached Carrolton, a small town in Arkansas, and went into camp. The author well remembers the spring. It ran out of the steep, rocky gulch and the branch ran a little south of west and a beautiful grove of timber surrounded the spring. The prisoners were marched down within a few feet of the spring and there placed under guard. As usual, the abuse that had been continually heaped upon the prisoners during the march was renewed and in a short time a man who was said to be from one of the counties north of Rolla, Mo., commenced making a speech and inciting and encouraging the soldiers to mob the prisoners at once; that he had disguised himself and entered the camps of the lop-eared Dutch at Rolla, and that to his own personal knowledge they had men's wives and daughters inside of their camps, committing all manner of offenses possible, and that they were heathens; didn't resemble American people at all and that he would not guard nor feed any man who was a friend to them ; that they ought to be killed outright.
 


 Source - Afro-American Advocate June 3, 1892

Four Towns Gone Due to Rising Waters and Floods

Holendel , Ark. , up the White River , has been swept off the face of the earth and remnants of houses are lodged among the limbs of trees along the banks of that mighty torrent . There is not an inhabitant there to-day . Not a soul is living at Chicot City. The backwater has come forty miles from the Arkansas river and is up to the second stories of the buildings.Red Fork , a place of 400 people , is no more and the same can be said of Pendleton . Relief boats have come in from that section bringing the surviving families.


Source - Dodge's geography of Arkansas - 1908

Of this town Mr. Lewis says: "Guachoya was in the vicinity of Arkansas City, in Desha County, and possibly at or near the large mound one mile to the
northward." In pages 227-233 of the work just mentioned is recorded the arrival, illness, and death of DeSoto at the Indian town, Guachoya.