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Steamboat Disasters

Part Four















Earthquake of 1811









While on her way from St. Louis to New Orleans, with a valuable cargo, the steamboat Gulnare, September 8,1844, came in contact with the steamer Westwood. about twenty miles above Helena. The Gulnare was struck on the starboard side, opposite the main hatch, and was so badly broken up that she sunk within three minutes. The passengers and crew escaped, with the exception of two Germans and a United States soldier, who were deck passengers. These three persons were drowned. The soldier was much intoxicated. One of the Germans lost his life while attempting to save his baggage. The Gulnare was heavily laden, and only a small part of her cargo was saved.


This disaster took place at the mouth of Arkansas river, January 12, 1850. The St. Joseph was from New Orleans, bound to St. Louis, with a valuable cargo on board. This steamer and the South America were running side by side at the time of the accident. The larboard boiler of the St. Joseph exploded, and the boat soon after took fire. There were many deck passengers on board, some of whom plunged into the river. The boiler was blown backward, instantly killing a boy at the engine, and mortally wounding the second engineer, who died the next day. A Mr. Moore, of Glasgow, Mo., was also mortally wounded. He lingered in great agony for twenty-four hours, having every particle of skin pealed from his body. It is believed that eight or ten persons were drowned.

We have stated above that the steamer South America was near the St. Joseph at the time of the accident. Captain Baker, of the last named boat, took $3000 from the iron chest and handed it to the clerk of the South America for safe keeping. On the next day, Captain Baker, wishing to pay off his men, desired to have his money back, but the clerk of the South America would give him but $300, claiming the balance for salvage. Captain Baker stopped at Memphis, in order to take legal measures for the recovery of his money. The South America was attached at that port, and the Sheriff took possession and detained her for twenty-four hours. In the meanwhile, the facts of the case coming to the knowledge of the citizens, caused such a general feeling of indignation, that the officers of the South America being apprehensive of popular vengeance, agreed to refund the money to Captain Baker. The behaviour of Captain Greenlee to the crew and passengers of the St. Joseph's, is represented as inhuman in the highest degree.


The steamboat Mechanic had been chartered at Nashville for the conveyance of General Lafayette and suite to Marietta, Ohio. She departed from the former place on Friday morning, May 6th, 1825, having on board, besides her officers and crew, General Lafayette, General Carroll and staff, Governor Coles, of Illinois, General O'Fallon, Major Nash, of Missouri, and several other gentlemen as passengers. On the following Sunday, about 12 o'clock, midnight, while the steamer was ascending the Ohio, and when near the mouth of Deer Creek, about one hundred and twenty-five miles below Louisville, a severe shock was felt by the persons on board, and it was soon ascertained that the boat had struck some object under the surface of the water. The commander, Capt. Hall, presently announced to the passengers in the cabin that the boat had snagged. Capt. Hall then caused the yawl to be made ready to convey General Lafayette and the other passengers ashore. In the meanwhile, the General had been aroused from his slumbers, and was soon prepared to leave the steamer.

As the night was very dark, and great confusion prevailed on board, General Lafayette, while attempting to descend into the yawl, was precipitated into the river and would have been drowned but for the assistance of one of the deck hands, whose name we have been unable to ascertain. The General, although far advanced in age, was able to keep himself above water until help arrived. He lost eight thousand dollars in money, besides his carriage, clothing,  but finally reached the shore in safety.

While Capt. Hall was devoting all his attention to the preservation of his passengers, his desk, containing one thousand three hundred dollars, was lost overboard and was never recovered.


The steam tow-boat Pilot, Capt. Brown, bursted all her boilers, on March 14th, 1845, a short distance below New Orleans, while engaged in towing the brig Pioneer up to that city. Some fragments of the boat were thrown into the air with such force as to carry away the top-gallant mast and fore top-gallant yard of the Pioneer.

List Of Killed.—William B. Fagan, first engineer; Mr. Barry, a passenger; Mr. Davis, steersman; and a fireman, name not mentioned.

Wounded.—William Webster, branch pilot; William Reilly, second engineer ; Capt. Brown; three deck-hands and four firemen.

Capt. Brown was thrown off the vessel by the concussion and was taken out of the water by the crew of the brig.


This steamer was destroyed by fire on the Mississippi river, nine miles above New Orleans, December 17th, 1850. About forty lives were lost. Sixteen of those who perished were United States soldiers; the rest were deck hands, and persons belonging to the boat. One woman was killed, viz : Mrs. White, the wife of the carpenter. In order to save her from the flames, her husband threw her into the river and then sprung after her, but could not save her.

List Of Killed.—Jackson Knowles, head cook; William Sheppard, porter; a young man from Elizabethtown, Ill., name unknown ; three firemen ; A. Collier, wife and child ; the following United States soldiers,  Gilder, Hunt, Franks, Rean, Rosendale, Drury, Dumont, Dailey, Duyer, Gerard, Hyer, Johnston, Kimble, Loomis, Werther, Lind, and Donnie; several deck passengers, names unknown, were also lost.

All the baggage belonging to the passengers, and the boat's books and papers, were destroyed.


The prosperous and beautiful city of St. Louis, Mo., was visited on the night of 17th May, 1849, by a most terrible conflagration, which destroyed property to the amount of $5,000,000. The fire broke out about 10 o'clock, p. m., near the river, at the corner of Locust street and the Levee, where the corner house and the three buildings above on the Levee were destroyed. From thence the flames spread across Locust street, sweeping every house, (with but one exception,) in the blocks fronting on the Levee and Main street, and extending from Locust street southward to Chestnut street, a distance of three squares. The fire then advanced up Chestnut street and crossed over to the next block south, at the junction of Commercial alley with this street, then extending from the alley to Main street, and down that to Market street, consuming everything in its route, except two buildings at the corner of Market street and Commercial alley. At the intersection of Market and Main streets, the flames crossed diagonally to the Market Street House, and followed both sides of Market street up to Second street. Then, crossing Main street, the flames again swept every Building, from Locust to Market street, except a row of four-story fire-proof warehouses just below Locust street. Thence the destructive element proceeded up Pine, Chestnut and Market streets, consuming every house in the two blocks between the streets just mentioned and Main and Second streets, together with nearly half the block north of Olive street.

At this point the ravages of the fire in this part of the city were stayed ; but in order to produce this effect, it was found necessary to blow up two or three houses at the corner of Market and Second streets. Several persons were killed by the explosion, one of whom was Mr. Targee, a well known citizen of St. Louis. The fragments of one of the dead bodies were found on the opposite side of the street; one piece near the junction of Walnut and Second streets, and a thigh-bone and foot belonging to another body, near the lower end of Walnut street, two or three squares from the spot where the houses were blown up. These, with the body of a boy who was burned on the Levee, were supposed to constitute the remains of four persons who had perished in the conflagration.

Although the progress of the fire was arrested at the point designated above, the flames continued to spread southward; having made another start at the foot of Elm street, and spreading diagonally through the block, it again reached Main street, extending down to Spruce street, a distance, north and south, of two squares. Then crossing Milin Street, it swept all before it to within a short distance of Third street, three squares to the west of its starting point. At Main street, the flames crossed Elm street, and consumed one fourth of the block north of Elm and west of Main streets. From the foot of Elm street up its southern side to Second street, a distance of two squares, not a house was left standing. This dreadful calamity reduced many families from comfortable circumstances to perfect destitution. Hundreds of estimable people were made houseless.

 " Cast abandoned on the world's wide stage,
And doomed in scanty poverty to roam."

About ten o'clock, p. M., the fire, by some means, was communicated to the steamer White Cloud. There was quite a fleet of steamboats moored at the Levee at this time. The Eudora was lying above the White Cloud, and the Edward Bates below it; the Belle Isle and Julia were moored below the Bates. A strong wind was blowing from the north-west at the time the fire commenced its devastations among the boats. The flames were soon communicated from the White Cloud to the Eudora, and the Edward Bates caught almost at the same moment.

The hawsers of this vessel were either cut or severed by the fire, and she then drifted into the current, carrying destruction to almost all the boats stationed south of her. As the wind set in towards the wharf, the cables were hauled in and they drifted out into the current, yet the flaming vessel followed them up with a speed from which it seemed impossible for them to escape. She appeared to be animated by some intelligent spirit, which prompted her to involve tbe others in that destruction to which she herself was doomed. The fleet of vessels being loosened from their moorings, were driven about, the sport of the wind and the waves, with nobody on board to control their motions.

Within half an hour from the time the conflagration commenced among the boats, twentythree of them had been surrendered to the fury of the flames, and half a million dollars worth of property was destroyed. The spectacle was awful but magnificent; a spectacle to which no pencil could do justice, but not the less dreadful and horrifying to every spectator.

List Of Boats Destroyed.—American Eagle, Cossan, Master, Keokuk and Upper Mississippi packet; valued at $14,000 ; total loss; insured for $3,500 at Pittsburgh ; no cargo,Alice, Kennett, Master, Missouri river packet; valued at $18,000; total loss; insured for $12,000.

Alexander Hamilton, Hooper, Master, Missouri river packet; valued at $15,000; total loss; insured for $10,500 in eastern offices; no cargo.

Acadia, John Russell, Master, Illinois river packet; valued at $4,000; total loss ; fully insured in eastern offices; cargo valued at $1,000.

Boreas No. 3, Bernard, Master, Missouri river packet; valued at $14,500; total loss ; insured for $11 500 in city offices; no cargo.

Belle Isle, Smith, Master, New Orleans trader; valued at $10,000; total loss ; insured for $8,000 at New Orleans ; no cargo.

Eliza Stewart, H. McKee, Master, Missouri river trader; valued at $9,000 ; total loss ; insured for nearly the full value at Nashville ; no cargo.

Eudora, Ealer, Master, New Orleans and St. Louis trader; valued at $16,000 ; total loss; insured for $110,500 at St. Louis ; no cargo. ,

Edward Bates, Randolph, Master, Keokuk packet; valued at $22,500; total loss ; insured for $15,000 at St. Louis ; no cargo.

Frolic, Ringling, Master, tow-boat; valued at $1,500; total loss; no insurance ; no cargo.

Kit Carson, Goddin, Master, Missouri river packet; valued at $16,000; total loss; insured for $8,000 at St. Louis ; cargo valued at $3,000.

Mameluke, Smithers, Master, New Orleans and St. Louis trader; valued at $30,000; total loss; insured for $20,000 at Louisville, Columbus, Ac.

Mandan, Beers, Master, Missouri river trader; valued at $14,000; total loss; insured for $10,500 at St. Louis ; no cargo.

Montauk, Moorhouse, Master, Upper Mississippi trader; valued at $16,000; total loss ; insured for $10,000 at St. Louis, Ac.; cargo valued at $8,000.

Martha, D. Finch, Master, Missouri river trader; valued at $10,000; total loss; fully insured at St. Louis ; cargo valued at $30,000 ; also insured.

Prairie State, Baldwin, Master, Illinois river packet; valued at $26,000 ; total loss ; insured in eastern offices for $18,000 ; cargo valued at $3,000

Redwing, Barger, Master, Upper Mississippi trader; valued at $6,000; total loss; no insurance ; cargo valued at $3,000.

St. Peter's, Ward, Master, Upper Mississippi trader; valued at $12,000; total loss; insured for $9,000 at Nashville and Louisville; no cargo.

Sarah, Young, Master, New Orleans and St. Louis trader; valued at $35,000; total loss.

Taglioni, Marshall, Master, Pittsburgh and St. Louis trader; valued at $20,000; total loss; insured for nearly the full value at Pittsburgh; cargo valued at $15,000.

Timour, Miller, Master, Missouri river trader; valued at $25,000; total loss ; insured for $18,000 at St. Louis, Ac.; cargo valued at $6,000.

White Cloud, Adams, Master, New Orleans and St. Louis trader ; valued at $3,000 ; total loss; fully insured; no cargo.

And a Ferry boat, valued at $3,000.


On the 16th of September, 1848, the steamer Concordia burst all her boilers, when about to land passengers at Plaquemine, La. All the upper works were demolished, and some fragments of them were blown to the distance of three hundred yards. The cabin passengers all escaped uninjured. Twenty-eight of the crew and deck passengers were killed, and eight or ten persons were wounded.

Killed.— B. M. McDowell, clerk ; Michael McQuaide, deck hand; Henry Jordon, a colored fireman ; two cabin boys ; a fireman, name not mentioned ; Robert and Edward Davis, colored men; and about twenty deck passengers, names unknown.

Wounded.— Capt. H. Pease (mortally); John F. Mosely, second clerk; John Tabbot, colored fireman; John Henderson, first engineer; F. W. Colles, book-keeper; Samuel Bunnall, colored fireman. Capt. Pease died soon after the accident.


The steamboat Timour No. 2 exploded, September 25th, 1854, while lying at Edwards' wood-yard, on the Missouri river, three miles below Jefferson City. She was taking in wood at the time. All her boilers, three in number, exploded at the same moment, wrecking all the forward part as far as the wheel-houses, killing fifteen persons, and wounding five or six others. The boat sunk soon after the explosion. She had a valuable cargo, the greater part of which was lost. The names of the sufferers are not mentioned, with the exception of Mr. Charles Dix, the Captain's brother, who was blown overboard and drowned.


On the eighth of January, 1845, the steamboat Belle Zane, while on her way from Zanesville, Ohio, to New Orleans, struck a snag in the Mississippi, about twelve miles below the mouth of White river, and immediately turned bottom upward ! This terrible accident took place in the middle of an exceedingly cold night. Of ninety persons who were on board a moment before the disaster, only fifty escaped drowning and many of those who succeeded in reaching the shore were afterwards frozen to death. At the time the boat was snagged, the passengers were all in their berths; those who were able to extricate themselves when the boat suddenly turned over, had scarcely any clothing to protect them from the inclemency of the weather. No situation could be more wretched than that of the people who escaped to the beach, almost naked, unsheltered and drenched with water on a freezing night in December.

 They remained in this miserable situation for nearly two hours, when the steamboat Diamond came down and took off all who remained alive, sixteen in number. There were five ladies on board, all of whom were saved in the yawl. The feet and hands of some of the survivors were so badly frozen that amputation was necessary.

The following is a list of those who perished, as far as their names could be ascertained; Dr. Brant, Ohio; Abner Jones, C. Banks, Mrs. Williams, two daughters and a colored slave, Miss.; Hettie Frazier and cousin, name unknown, Boston; Edward Bossing and son, Illinois ; Mrs. Wilkes and family, consisting of eight persons ; seven deck hands, fourteen slaves, and thirty other names unknown. Sixteen bodies were picked up, including four ladies, and buried on the banks of the Mississippi.


On the 3rd day of April, 1852, the Glencoe, Captain Lee, from New Orleans, arrived at St. Louis, and had just been moored at the levee, foot of Chestnut street, when three of the boilers exploded, with the most appalling and destructive effects. The sound of the explosion was heard in the most remote quarters of the city; in the neighborhood of the levee the shock was like that of an earthquake, the houses for several squares around appeared to reel under the force of the concussion. The boat was crowded with people at the time ; the passengers were engaged in looking after their baggage, and numbers of citizens, hotel-runners, hackmen, had pressed into the boat. There was a fearful loss of life, but the names and number of the killed are beyond the scope of inquiry, as many of the victims were strangers; the bodies of a large number blown overboard were not recovered from the water, and many of the dead were so shockingly disfigured or torn to pieces that all recognition was out of the question. Fragments of wood, iron, and dead bodies were thrown to a surprising distance.

The shock of the explosion drove the steamer far out into the river, and immediately afterwards she took fire, the furnaces having been dismantled, and the burning fuel scattered over the decks. As the Glencoe floated down the stream, she presented a frightful spectacle. The whole forward part of the boat to the wheel-house, and down to the water line, had been swept away, and all the after-part was a commingled mass of timbers, freight, and human bodies heaped together  in the wildest confusion. The fire burned fiercely and spread rapidly. The spectators on the shore beheld men, women and children running, with phrensied gestures, from one part of the burning steamer to another, seeking some means of escape from the dreadful death which threatened them some who had been caught between the falling timbers were writhing in agony, making ineffectual efforts to extricate themselves, and imploring others to assist them. Numbers of the crew and passengers were compelled by the advancing flames to throw themselves overboard; some of these succeeded in reaching the shore, but many of them were drowned.

In the meantime, several small boats were actively engaged in rescuing the drowning people, and a considerable number were saved in this manner. The wreck finally lodged at the foot of Poplar street, where it burned to the water's edge, and then sunk, carrying down with it the ashes and bones of the dead. Near the spot where the explosion took place many dead bodies and dying persons were extended on the levee. Thirteen mutilated corpses were soon after removed to the office of the Board of Health, that being the most convenient place where they could be deposited. Twenty or thirty of the wounded were conveyed to the Sisters' Hospital. Others who were less injured, some with their faces scalded or blackened by the fire, were running about the levee in a frantic manner, crying for assistance. The dead bodies of five persons who had been blown from the deck of the Glencoe were found on the steamer Cataract. They were dreadfully mangled, the limbs in some cases being torn from the trunk—heads were mashed and disfigured to a degree which defied all attempts at identification. The body of a woman was found on the levee stretched across a marble slab, (the top of a table which had also been blown from the boat;) every bone in this corpse was broken, and " the limbs," says an eye-witness, " were so badly mangled that they could scarcely hang together."

The body of Mr. John Denny, first clerk of the Glencoe, was found on the hurricane deck of the steamer Western World. Few external injuries were found on this body, but life was totally extinct. The body of a little girl, with the legs torn off, was recovered from the river. The dissevered leg of a man was picked up on the side walk in Commercial street; the boot which remained on the limb, led to the recognition thereof as a part of the mortal remains of William Brennan, one of the engineers. Of the thirteen wounded persons who were sent to the hospital, three died during the night, and scarcely any of the others were believed to be curable.

Capt. Lee, his lady and one of his children, left the boat as soon as she landed, and a very few minutes before the explosion. The Captain's little son, ten years of age, who remained on board, was killed. Mr. A. R. Jones, a merchant of St. Louis, was instrumental in saving a great number of lives. He obtained a yawl, and approached the burning boat near enough to take off a great many passengers. As an acknowledgment of his humane services in the time of danger and affliction, the steamboat men of St. Louis presented Mr. Jones with a handsome silver mug, bearing a suitable inscription.

List Of The Killed.—John Denny, first clerk of the Glencoe; Henry Balsar, pilot; John Curtis Lee, son of the Captain, aged ten years; Edward McCarty, hack driver, St. Louis; Mrs. Schenil, passenger, Memphis, Tenn.; (every bone in her body was broken, as mentioned in the preceding narrative ;) John Grey, aged 12 years, a pedlar boy, from Memphis; William Brennan, assistant engineer ; a family, consisting of a man, his wife and three female children, names unknown ; George W. Rolfe, runner at the American Hotel, St. Louis; David Cree, Belfast, Ireland ; George Reeder and James Wile, runners at the Virginia Hotel; a woman, name unknown ; and many others, whose bodies could not be identified; making a total of sixty killed.

Badly Wounded.—William Callahan, fireman; Jesse H. Harrington, passenger, Cook county, Ill.; Samuel High, a citizen of St. Louis, who went on board after the boat arrived ; Thomas Carroll, passenger, Liverpool, England; Frederick W. Burlog, German emigrant: Thomas Donahoe, Dubuque, Iowa; Patrick McLaughlin, New York ; Daniel B. Henman, Gibson county, Ill.; James McLean, Ohio; Michael Dunn, one of the boat's crew; Sarah Matthews, passenger, aged thirteen, mortally wounded ; W. B. Catherwright, passenger, Mississippi ; William Brathwed, an Englishman; (he had with him $1,900 in specie;) George Buchanan, engineer.

Slightly Wounded.—Mr. Lane, bar-keeper ; Mr. Studdiford, Ohio; Francis Cafferty, hotel runner; Thomas Foley, assistant engineer.

Very few of those who were badly wounded lived twenty-four hours after the accident. In addition to those mentioned in the foregoing list, some of the wounded were conveyed away by their friends, and their names were not ascertained.

Two or three steamboats which lay near the Glencoe, were much damaged by the explosion. A lady from Illinois was killed in her state - room in the steamer Cataract, which lay next to the Glencoe.


The Saluda exploded on Missouri river, near Lexington, April 9th, 1852. It appears that this boat had been detained in the neighborhood of Lexington for four days, by a strong tide. Several of her passengers left her to seek other conveyance. On the day above mentioned, the Captain made another effort to stem the current. The steamer left the landing at half past one o'clock, A. M., and five minutes after, the boilers exploded with such tremendous effect that the cabin and all the wood-work forward of the wheel-house were completely demolished, and not a piece of timber was left above the guards. The boat sunk within a few minutes. The books were all lost, and the names of all the passengers who were killed by the explosion or who sunk with the boat could not be ascertained. The number of those who perished is estimated at one hundred.

The commander, Capt. Belt, who was on the hurricane roof, was blown high in the air, and fell against the side of a hill in Lexington, at least one hundred feet from the wreck. The second clerk, Mr. John Blackburn, was standing on the boiler-deck, and was also blown on shore, to a considerable distance from the boat. He was taken up dead. It may be mentioned as a melancholy coincidence, that a brother of this gentleman, (E. C. Blackburn,) was killed by the accident on the Pacific railroad in November, 1855. They were both highly esteemed by all who knew them. The mutilated bodies of a large number of the passengers of the Saluda were found in the streets of Lexington. Charles Labarge and Louis Gareth, the pilots, and Messrs. Clancy and Evans, the engineers, were lost. Their bodies were blown into the river, and were never recovered. One of the surviving passengers lost his wife and seven children. A lady was deprived of her husband and three children. Such was the force of the explosion, that a part of the boiler passed through a warehouse on the wharf, and quite demolished it. The citizens of Lexington subscribed $1,000 for the relief of the sufferers. The accident is ascribed to the negligence of the engineer.

Killed.—Mr. Laynell, second bar-keeper ; Mr. Nash and Mr. McClency; E. S. Halfer, second engineer; Mr. Leggett; Mr. WayJey; J. Brick ; Mrs. Dunbar and child ; Mrs. McGehas and child ; two children of Mr. Rollins ; two Messrs. Bayley; two second clerks; a first engineer; two pilots; Mr. McAllister;  W. H. Bridges ; five firemen, and many others, names unknown. Many of those who perished were Mormons.

Sixteen persons were wounded, two of them mortally ; names not mentioned.


These boats came in collision on the Mississippi, seven miles below Natchez, November 21, 1846. The bow of the Sultana struck the Maria opposite her boilers, throwing them out of their place, and breaking the connection pipe and much of the wood-work, causing the boat to sink within five minutes. About thirty lives were lost, and several persons were scalded with more or less severity.

Killed.—Garret Bennis, James Slemmon, Wm. Moreland, John Ross, Dennis McArtney, John Steamlon, Wm. English, Frank Roberts, Peter Mattis, Peter Valenier, and perhaps twenty others, names unknown.

Wounded.—Wm. Leahey, Samuel Buzzy, Patrick Kenney, John B. Fleming.


Convoy.—The steamboat Convoy was burnt ten miles above Natchez, April 29th, 1849. Two persons, who jumped overboard, were drowned. The boat was a total loss.

Andrew Fulton.—The steamboat Andrew Fulton, on her way from New Orleans to St. Louis, was wrecked on the Plateau Rocks, March 1st, 1849. Three passengers were drowned.

Kbokuk.—The steamboat Keokuk was snagged at the foot of St. Genevievo island, on the Mississippi, August 29th, 1844. She sunk in three fathoms water. One cabin passenger, and ten or twelve deck passengers, names unknown, were drowned.

Glide.—The steamboat Glide, Capt. Delzell, exploded on the Mississippi, August 10th, 1844. A passenger was blown overboard by the explosion, and no effort was made by the crew to save him, although he floated for some time, and called for assistance. The Glide had no small boat.

St. Charles.—The steam ferry boat St. Charles, exploded near the Levee at St. Louis, December 7th, 1844. Mr. Bell, a passenger, was mortally wounded; and several other persons were slightly injured.

Western.—The steamboat Western, on her way from Pittsburgh to St. Louis, came in collision with the steamer Aliquippa, which struck her in the middle and nearly cut her in two. Several children were drowned. The boat cost $16,000, and was insured for $10,000.

Shark.—The tow-boat Shark exploded near New Orleans, January 6th, 1846. The Captain's brother, Mr. Whon, was instantly killed. Mr. Kew, first engineer, and a fireman, were mortally wounded. Three other persons were badly scalded.

Stren.—The steamboat Syren exploded near Chattahoochie, February 8th, 1845, while taking in freight. Ten of the crew were killed. The b,oat sunk and the cargo was all lost.

Red Rover.—The steamboat Red Rover came in collision with the steamer Ruby at Fort Stoddart, on the Alabama river, forty miles above Mobile, March 9th, 1845. The Ruby sunk immediately, with all her freight and $10,000 in specie. Two persons were drowned.

Persian.—The steam tow-boat Persian exploded twenty-two miles below New Orleans, October 24th, 1845. C. Cruler, first engineer, and George Clinton, mate, were killed instantly; and eight persons were badly scalded.

Potomac.—The steamboat Potomac, from New Orleans, bound for Nashville, exploded at Choctaw Pass, January 9th, 1845. Two deck hands were killed, and three other persona seriously injured.

Simon Kenton.—The steamboat Simon Kenton burst a connection-pipe, August 23th, 1847, while lying at the wharf at St. Louis. A German woman attempted to jump into the yawl with her infant in her arms. The child fell into the river and was drowned. Four persons wera scalded severely.

Cleveland.—The steamboat Cleveland, running between Pittsburgh and Beaver, collapsed two flues, June 14th, 1844. The cook and a colored man were killed, and five persons were dangerously wounded.

New Hampshire.—The steamboat New Hampshire, on her way from New Orleans to Little Rock, Ark., May 1st, 1849, exploded all her boilers, forty miles below the place last mentioned. Twelve persons were killed, viz.: George T. Allen, first clerk; Alexander McComas, pilot; James Van Dyke, mate ; four negro firemen, awheel man, the second steward, a cabinboy, Charles Radcliffe, carpenter, Mr. Berring, a cabin passenger, and a deck hand, name unknown. The boat was totally wrecked

Louisiana.—The steamboat Louisiana exploded one of her boilers, August 12th, 1844, killing seventeen persons, viz: William Smith, Henry Finley, J. Goodman, John Henry and Jacob Cross, and twelve U. S. soldiers, names unknown. The explosion took place fifteen miles above Bayou Sara.

Swan.—The steamer Swan burst two of her boilers near New Orleans, August 16th, 1844, killing William Andrews, pilot, Robert Elliott, bar-keeper, Peter Aimes, steersman, and a negro fireman.' The Captain and several other persons were badly scalded.

Caspian.—The steamboat Caspian struck a snag at the foot of Island No. 25 on the Mississippi, December llth, 1845. She sunk in fifteen feet water. Forty German emigrants were drowned.

Denizen.—The steamer Denizen, Capt. Rhodes, exploded thirty miles below Vicksburg, November 30th, 1845. Capt. Rhodes was killed, and a cabin passenger badly wounded.

Malon.—The steamer Malon sunk in the Ohio river, near Paducah, September 12th, 1854. Thirty-five deck passengers and one cabin passenger were drowned.

Phcenix.—The steam tow-boat Phoenix blew up near New Orleans, May 20th, 1843, killing a Mr. Hall, and two other persons, names unknown.

Peruvian.—The steamer Peruvian burst all her boilers, June 7th, 1833, while on her way from New Orleans to Louisville More than fifty persons were killed.

Fashion No. 2.—The steamboat Fashion No. 2 collapsed a flue on the Monongahela river, near Pittsburgh, December 20th, 1850, killing Joseph Carroll and A. Ligbtle, passengers, Isaac Peebles, assistant engineer, a son of the Captain, and James Louderback, fireman. Several persons were scalded.

Fusileer.—The steamer Fusileer exploded both boilers near Attakopas, on the Mississippi river, December 30th, 1852. The first mate was killed ; the Captain was badly wounded.

Hercules.—The steam tow-boat Hercules was badly damaged by coming in contact with the brig Ermon, December 26th, 1828, on the Mississippi river, below New Orleans. Three of the crew were drowned.

Financier.—The steamboat Financier exploded on the Upper Mississippi, October 2d, 1850, killing Mr.King, son of the Captain, and William Greene, second engineer. The carpenter and cabin-boy were scalded.

Meteor No. 3.—The Meteor No. 3, on her way from Red River to New Orleans, was burned to the water's edge and sunk fifty miles above the last named city, October llth, 1850. Three colored men were drowned.

Tippah.—The steamboat Tippah, on her way from Tallahatchie river to New Orleans, was burned twenty-five miles above Vicksburgh, January 7th, 1852. The second engineer was drowned. Mrs. Butler, the Captain's wife, swam ashore.

Columbus.—The steamboat Columbus collapsed a flue on the Mississippi, May 6th, 1850, killing one man and wounding twelve others.

May Queen.—The steamboat May Queen collapsed her flues on the Arkansas river, on February 16th, 1852. Twelve persons were killed, and seven were badly wounded.

Mary Kingsland.—The steamboat Mary Kingsland exploded, for the third time in her history, on the 1st of March, 1852. George Hainey, second engineer, and two others, names unknown, were killed; George Swiler, pilot, was mortally wounded ; and several other persons were severely injured.

Princess.—The steamer Princess was burned, two miles below Fort Adams, on the Mississippi, October 8th, 1854. The persons killed were, Mrs. Weise and child, and Miss Wilson, passengers ; George Brantz, a deck hand, and five negroes.

Magnolia and Maluhka.—The steamers Magnolia and Malumka came in collision on the Alabama river, February 16th, 1854. Three lives were lost.

Sylvester Webster.—The steamer Sylvester Webster capsized August 18th, 1854; on the Mississippi river, thirty-five miles below New Orleans. The captain and two female passengers were drowned.

Buckeye State.—The steamer Buckeye State burst a steam-pipe on the Ohio river, March 25th, 1852, scalding three passengers severely. One of them jumped overboard and was drowned.

Gipsey.—The steamer Gipsey was burned, December 7th, 1854, near the mouth of New river. Dr. Harker and his son and daughter perished in the flames. Four other persons were burned to death or drowned.

Medore.—The steamer Medore blew up on the Mississippi, April 12th, 1842. John R. Boone was killed.

Douglass.—The steamboat Douglass burst a steam-pipe, near New Madrid, mortally wounding a child of Dr. Hoffman, and two children of Mrs. Montgomery. Mr. C. Lemard of Louisville, and a slave of Dr. Hoffman, were killed instantly. Several passengers were badly scalded.

West Wind.—The steamer West Wind collapsed a flue at the mouth of the canal near Louisville. Killed.—Mrs. Dothart and sister, St. Louis ; Mr. Sadwood; an old man from St. Louis, name unknown; Mr. Vidonc, St. Louis. Several passengers were wounded.

Collision Of The Farmer And Scioto Valley.—The steamers Farmer and Scioto Valley came in collision, November 20th, 1842, twenty miles below Louisville. The Farmer was sunk and three deck hands were drowned.

Munroe.—The steamer Munroe was sunk in the night of March 20th 1854, ten miles above Natchez. Thirty persons were drowned.

Collision Of The Meteor And Paris.—The steamboat Meteor was struck by the Paris, abaft the wheel-house, August 24th, 1848, when five miles below Stevensport. The Meteor sunk immediately. Four or five German deck passengers were drowned.

Brooklyn.—The steamboat Brooklyn collapsed a flue, March 6th, 1847, twenty miles below Vieksburg. P. Feinan, fireman, and H. Conele, German passengers, were killed.

Clinton.—The steamer Clinton was burned, March 23d, 1847, five miles above Bonne Caro, on the Mississippi. Two deck passengers, the second mate, (Mr. Weaver,) the bar-keeper, the cook and the chambermaid, were lost.

Simon Kenton.—The steamer Simon Kenton, on her way from Quineey to St. Louis, April 4th, 1847, broke a connection-pipe. A. Mead, deck hand, was mortally wounded.

Collision Of The Wm. R. King And Winona.—The steamers Wm. R. King and Winona came in collision on the Tombigbee river, February 5, 1847. The former was sunk and two persons were drowned.

Medora.—The steamer Medora exploded below Point Hudson, on the Mississippi river, March 18, 1847. Four persons were killed and three others were wounded.

National.—The steamer National was burned at the mouth of Kentucky river, March 20, 1847. The clerk was killed.

Palmyra.—The steamer Palmyra struck a rock near the Upper Rapids, Mississippi river November 3, 1838. One life lost.

James Pitcher.—The steamer James Pitcher was burned to the water's edge. November 29, 1S46. One person killed.

Wave.—The steamboat Wave was burned near Pern, on the Illinois river, June-21, 1837. A French gentleman, name unknown, was drowned.

De Witt Clinton.—The steamboat De Witt Clinton, on her way from New Orleans to Pittsburgh* January 25, 1852, struck a snag eight miles below Memphis, and sunk in 15 feet water. All on board were drowned, except one fireman and the officers of the boat. Thirtysix lives were lost.

Louisiana.—The steamer Louisiana, while racing with another boat on Lake Pontchartrain, May 7, 1849, collapsed a steam pipe. Four persons were killed instantly, and six others were badly scalded.

Governor Bent.—The Governor Bent, an Arkansas river boat, exploded all her boilers near Island No. 76, on the Mississippi, May 12, 1849. One fireman was killed. A few moments before the explosion, all the crew were seated on the boiler-deck, when their attention Wr.s attracted to a rat, which they all pursued, except one man, and he was killed. Had the rat not appeared at that moment, many lives would have been lost.

Wyandotte.—The steamer Wyandotte was totally wrecked on the Mississippi, above Vicksburg, November 21, 1848. Thirty of the passengers and crew perished.

Collision Of Th» Marengo And Harry TTn i..—The steamers Marengo and Harry Hill came in violent contact, on the Mississippi, below Natchez, November 30,1848. The Marengo sunk and three of her crew were drowned.

America.—The steamboat America exploded fifteen miles below Madison, Ind., on the Ohio river, December 19, 1848. Four persons were mortally wounded, and ten others were much injured.

Charter Oak.—The steamboat Charter Oak was destroyed by fire, near Bailey's Landing, on the Mississippi river, April 12, 1848. Many of the passengers were lost, and others severely wounded.

Kenney.—The steamer Kenney exploded in the Totnbigbee river, (Alabama,) June 5, 1848. Fifty of the crew and passengers were killed or missing.

Collision Of The Sultana And Gray Eagle.—A collision took place between the steamers Sultana and Gray Eagle, at Island No. 35, on tha Mississippi, June 13, 1848. Two men belonging to the Gray Eagle were killed and five were wounded.

Hardee.—The steamer Hardee burst her connection pipes, on Missouri river, thirty miles above Weston, September 6, 1849. Captain G. Fishback was instantly killed ; Geo. Martin the pilot, was mortally wounded, and several others were badly scalded.

Carrollton.—The steamer Carrollton, going from New Orleans to Vicksburg, was blown up near Baton Rouge, October 1, 1835. Eight persons were killed instantly, and seven others were mortally wounded.

Big Hatchie.—The steamboat Big Hatchie exploded one of her boilers at Harmon's Landing, 100 miles above St. Louis, on the Mississippi, July 25, 1845. A passenger, named Hoyle, was instantly killed, and a son of Mr. Ludlow, Manager of St. Charles Theatre, New Orleans, mortally wounded. Several other persons, names unknown, are supposed to have been killed.

Collision Of The R. B. Gilhore And Delaware.—The steamboat R. B. Gilmore was wrecked and sunk by coming in collision with the steamboat Delaware, on the Ohio river, below Louisville, April 15, 1838. Several passengers, names not reported, were drowned.

Eutaw.—The mail-boat Eutaw, running between Wheeling and Steubenville, collapsed a flue, April 23, 1S38, causing the death of a fireman. Several persons were badly scalded.

Dacotah.—The steamboat Dacotah exploded at Peoria, 111., August 20, 1851. She was bound for Minnesota. Eleven persons were killed, viz.:—Mr. Haywood and three children; Wm. Baker, wife and child; H. Foster; C. Van Sycle; three children of B. Wordsworth; H Bains and Wm. Moffatt.

Echo.—The steamboat Echo collapsed two flues at Bayou Sara, May 20,1851, killing three of the crew, and wounding five others.

Financier.—The steamer Financier exploded on the Mississippi, near Alton, October 12, 1850. The mate and the Captain's son were-killed. Several of the crew were badly scalded.

Duncan.—Tne steamer Duncamblew up on Savannah river, June 8, 1841, killing three negroes. The boat was burned and sunk.

Pike.—The steamboat Pike was sunk, September 5, 1840, by coming in contact with the steamer Fayette, two miles below Alton, 1l1. Seven persons were known to be lost.

Farmer.—The steamboat Farmer collapsed a flue, on the Mississippi, above New Orleans, Nov. 27, 1840. Mr. Berry, second engineer, and a german deck passenger were killed.

Chester.—The steamer Chester, Captain Cable, on her way from New Orleans to St. Louis, collapsed two flues, twenty miles above the first-named place, on the first of July, 1840. The mate and a deck hand were blown overboard and drowned.

Edna.—The steamboat Edna exploded, July 3d, 1842, at the mouth of Missouri river. Fifty passengers, (German emigrants,) were mortally wounded.

Amos Crocker.—The steamer Amos Crocker was sunk, April 27th, 1849, in Red Bayou. One life was lost.

Embassy.—The steamboat Embassy, from Pittsburgh to St. Louis, collapsed two flues at Three Mile Island, June 9, 1849. Ten persons were killed and twenty-five wounded.

Iron City.—The Iron City struck some floating ice near St. Louis, December 31st, 184S. Her bow was broken so as to cause her to sink immediately. Five of the crew were drowned.


This earthquake was the most remarkable phenomenon that ever occurred on the American continent within the memory of man. The shocks were repeated with more or less violence, for the space of three months, and were felt along the course of the Mississippi from Cairo to New Orleans. The central point of the convulsions appears to have been about seventy miles below the former place. The scenes which presented themselves during the earthquake, or succession of earthquakes, to speak more properly, were terrible beyond all powers of description. The first shock was felt on the night of December 16th, 1811; it made a great commotion in the waters of the river, and greatly alarmed the boatmen. The steamer Orleans, the first steamboat built in the west, was on her passage to New Orleans, and was tossed about as it were by a violent tempest. Just below New Madrid, a flat boat belonging to Richard Stump was swamped, and six men were drowned. During the various shocks, the banks of the Mississippi caved in by whole acres at a time. Large trees disappeared under the ground or were cast with frightful violence into the river. At times, the waters of the Mississippi were seen to rise up like a wall in the middle of the stream, and then suddenly rolling back would beat against either bank with terrific force. Boats of considerable size were often cast "high and dry" upon the shores of the river. Frequently a loud roaring and hissing were heard, like the escape of steam from a boiler. The water of the river was much agitated. Whole islands disappeared. On the shores, the earth opened in wide fissures, and closing again threw the water, sand and mud, in jets higher than the trees. A dense fog or mist pervaded the atmosphere. The air was impregnated with a sulphurous effluvium, and a taste of sulphur was observed in the water of the river and the neighboring springs.

Each shock of the earthquake was accompanied by what seemed to be the reports of heavy artillery. A man who was on the river in a boat at the time of one of the shocks, declares that he saw the mighty Mississippi cut in twain, while the waters poured down a vast chasm into the bowels of the earth. A moment more, and the chasm was filled, but the boat which contained this witness was crushed in the tumultuous efforts of the flood to regain its former level. The town of New Madrid, Missouri, was almost entirely destroyed by these convulsions of nature. This town, which formerly stood on a bluff bank, fifteen or twenty feet above the summer floods, sunk so low that the next rise of the water covered it to the depth of five feet. Many of the inhabitants were drowned, and the buildings generally were destroyed.

One of the lakes formed by this earthquake is nearly sixty miles long and several miles wide. The legislature of Missouri, in 1851, made an appropriation for the purpose of reclaiming the sunken lands. A more terrible calamity of this kind has rarely been recorded in the history of the world. Fortunately, it occurred at a time when that part of the country was but thinly inhabited.


Between the hours of 12 and 1 o'clock, on Monday morning, December 3rd, 1855, a fire broke out on board of the steam packet George Collier, Captain Burdett, lying at the lower landing, Memphis, Tenn. The steamer had just arrived, and had not been made fast, when the mate discovered the fire in a small closet under a flight of steps in the forward part of the boat. From this small beginning, the flames spread to every part of the steamer, in less than five minutes. All efforts to arrest their progress proving ineffectual.

Captain Burdett, perceiving that the total destruction of the boat was inevitable, gave the alarm to the passengers in the cabin. His first efforts were directed to the preservation of the ladies, and in this, by almost superhuman exertions, he succeeded. The male passengers and some of the officers and crew were compelled to save themselves by jumping off, some into the river and some on the lower deck of the wharf boat, which lay near the Collier. This fine wharf boat, called the Mary Hunt, together with the steamer May Flower, which lay on the other side, was soon involved in the fate of the George Collier, and the three burning vessels are said to have presented one of the most magnificent and terrible spectacles ever witnessed in that locality. A flood of light, even at that dreary midnight hour, made every object distinctly visible for a great distance around the conflagration. Crowds of people rushed to the wharves, all in the most intense excitemcnt and anxiety for the fate of the many people who were known to be on board the blazing steamer. There were more than forty passengers on the George Collier, who together with the officers and crew made a total of sixty-five or seventy people, all of whom, for a time, appeared to be doomed to an agonizing death. The register of the passengers names was destroyed with the boat. It is impossible, therefore, to state, with any degree of precision, how many lives were lost, but twelve persons, at least, are known to have perished.

The George Collier had just completed her trip from New Orleans to Memphis, with a valuable cargo, all of which was destroyed. None of the passengers had landed.

Killed.—Arthur Dignan, of Philadelphia, assistant bar-keeper of the Mayflower; R. S. Candon, of Louisville, engineer of the Games' Landing Railroad; another gentleman attached to the same Railroad, name not mentioned; James Banks, cook of the Collier, and Sidney, a cabin boy of the same boat; several of the cabin passengers and three or four colored people, names unknown.

The George Collier was valued at $35,000; the Mayflower at $100,000, and the wharf boat at $15,000. The whole loss by this conflagration is estimated at $250,000.


The loss of the steamer Martha Washington, with its attendant circumstances, is one of the most extraordinary events in the records of marine disasters, a cloud of mystery hanging over the whole subject, which will probably never be cleared away. This steamer, Captain Cummins, commander, was on her way from Cincinnati to New Orleans, when she took fire on the Mississippi river, near Island No. 65, at about half-past one o'clock, on the morning of January 14, 1852. The boat was entirely consumed. Several passengers lost their lives, but all the officers and crew, except the carpenter, were saved. The work of destruction was completed within three minutes. A whole family, consisting of a man, his wife and two children, perished in the flames. Two or three other persons were either burned to death or drowned while attempting to escape from the fire. The books and papers were all lost.

The burning of this boat has given occasion for several law-suits and criminal prosecutions. A charge of conspiring to burn the boat has been made by Sidney C. Burton, of Cleveland, Ohio, against Wm. Kissane, L. L. Filley, the brothers Chapin, Lyman Cole, Alfred Nicholson, the clerk of the Martha Washington, and several others. It was alleged that a heavy insurance on the cargo was obtained from several offices, and that the boat had been fraudulently laden with boxes containing nothing more valuable than bricks, stones, and rubbish.

It is said that in the summer of 1852, L. L. Filley of Cincinnati, one of the persons implicated in this imputed crime, confessed on his deathbed that there had been no merchandize shipped on the Martha Washington, and that the boat had been designedly set on fire to defraud the Insurance Companies. Sidney C. Burton states that he shipped on this boat a quantity of leather valued at $1,500, and that he was unable to obtain the insurance money, because the insurance officers protested that the boat had been fraudulently set on fire. At the suit of Mr. Burton, the persons named above were arrested on the charge of conspiring to burn the boat, which involved the charge of murdering the passengers who were lost. Kissane was tried at Lebanon, Ohio, and afterwards at Cincinnati, and was convicted ; he obtained a new trial, and was acquitted.

All the persons implicated were afterwards tried at Columbus, Ohio, for conspiracy, forgery , but the jury brought in a verdict of " not guilty." Burton then obtained a requisition from the Governor of Arkansas on the authorities of Ohio, and had all the accused parties arrested by officer Bruen, at the Walnut street house, Cincinnati, in 1854. They were hurried into an omnibus heavily ironed and ill-treated, and conveyed down to one of the wharves below Cincinnati, placed on a boat, and carried away to Jeffersonville, Ind., and from thence to Helena, Ark., to be tried for murder, arson , where they were confined in a miserable jail three months.

They were again acquitted in the Court of Arkansas. But the determined prosecutor again returned to the charge. Kissane, one of the defenders, in order to raise money to defray the expenses of his legal defence, committed a forgery on the Chemical Bank of New York, in the summer of 1854. Some of his friends or advocates assert that he committed this deed in mere desperation, having been driven to the last extremity by the prosecutions or persecutions of Burton. Kissane was arrested for this forgery, but while in the custody of an officer, he contrived to make his escape from the railroad car by creeping through an aperture in the water closet. After concealing himself for some time, he was retaken, tried, and sentenced to the State's prison, at Sing Sing, two and a half years ; but in December of 1855, he was pardoned by Governor Clark, of New York. In the same month and year, the Grand Jury of Hamilton county, Ohio, found a true bill against Burton, the prosecutor of Kissane,  and another person, named Coons, for perjury. Coons acknowledged that Burton had paid him for giving in false evidence at the trial of the persons charged with burning the Martha Washington.

Such being the facts of the case, there are many conflicting opinions in relation to the guilt or innocence of the parties charged with the horrid crime of setting fire to the steamer and sacrificing the lives of several passengers, for the purpose of obtaining a sum of money from the insurance offices. Several other incidents of a mysterious and romantic character are related in connection with this narrative. Sidney C. Burton, the prosecutor of Kissane, lately died (December 11th, 1855,) at Cleveland, Ohio, in circumstances which give, a color of probability to a prevailing suspicion that he was poisoned. It is mentioned also that an attempt was before made to poison him at a hotel in Columbus, Ohio. The whole affair presents a tangled web which it would require a good deal of ingenuity to unravel.


This disaster occurred at six o'clock, A. M., on the first day of July, 1855, about ninety miles below Louisville, on the Ohio river. Every person on board, except those of the crew who had been appointed to keep the night watch, were in their berths. Three boilers exploded at the same moment, demolishing the whole of the upper works forward of the wheel house, and hurling many of the sleeping crew and passengers into the water, without any premonition of danger. The steamer was under way at the time of the accident, and the engine had been working steadily without intermission, for two hours. There were about fifty cabin passengers, exclusive of eight ladies, one child, and a nurse, who, together with the officers, crew and deck passengers made a sum total of one hundred and thirty persons.

The explosion produced a deafening report and the wreck immediately took fire. " Then," says an eye-witness, " was presented a dreadful harrowing scene, such as no pen can describe, no imagination conceive. Many persons were blown into the river, a few of whom swam ashore ; many fell on the boat, and were mingled in awful confusion with the fragments of the wreck; all was lit up by the blazing timber, which, in that dead hour of the night, cast an unearthly gleam on the hideous spectacle. To the spectator, to whose harrowed sight were visible the blackened bodies of the dead and the expiring agonies of those who struggled in the water, and on whose ears rung the groans of those who were expiring on the wreck, the scene was one of the most terrific and heart-rending description."

The second mate, Peter Edds, ordered the anchor to he thrown overboard as soon as possible, and the steamer dragged for two miles down the stream. The scene of the disaster was near some wood-choppers' cabins, on the Kentucky shore. These people, as soon as they discovered the misfortune which had befallen the Lexington, came in their skiffs, and took off the surviving passengers. The ladies generally were saved. The males, with very few exceptions, were more or less injured.

Killed.—W. C. Larkins, Madison, Ind.; Mr. Phillips, Liberty, Mo.; Henry Lewis ; John Taylor, colored porter; Thomas Baldwin,  and William Harrison, colored; James Miller, second clerk, Nashville; M. R. Fairchild, bar keeper; P. Willis, second engineer, Smithfield ; M. Bernard, pilot; Samuel Lowery, colored ; two brothers, names unknown ; Mr. Haines, carpenter; a German deck hand ; a colored fireman, and eleven others, names unknown, making a total of about thirty five.

Wounded.—Capt. Throop, Col. Bales and Thomas Payne, Louisville ; Thomas Gibson, first mate ; E. G. Davidson, first clerk, Paducah, Ky.; Sneed Strang, pilot, J. B Johnston and M. Twigg, Nashville ; S. W. Anderson, assistant engineer; D. Harris, Cincinnati; Henry, colored boy; J. Gardner, King's Landing, Ky.; P. Flynn, Auburn, N. Y.; J. Johnson and A. Badger, pilot, St. Louis; W. P. Johnston, Madison ; T. Ryan, St. Louis; Capt. Thomas White, Louisville ; Mr. McElroy, Lebanon, Ky; J. Hall, Liberty, Mo. ; Charles Squire, and others, names not mentioned.

The boat turned bottom upward, and sunk near Stephensport. The steamer D. A. Given took charge of those passengers who had been carried to the Kentucky shore by the wood choppers. It is remarked as a singular circumstance that few persons were scalded by this explosion. Most of the wounded were badly bruised or had their limbs broken. Many were drowned, of whom no account will ever be given, as the books and papers, and all the baggage, except that in the ladies' cabin, were destroyed.

Capt. J. V. Throop, the commander of the Lexington, has been engaged on the river for twenty-five years. He is a prudent and experienced officer, and this is the first accident that ever befel a boat under his command.





Part Two

 Part Three

Part Four