GULNARE AND WESTWOOD
While on her way from St. Louis to New
Orleans, with a valuable cargo, the steamboat Gulnare, September
8,1844, came in contact with the steamer Westwood. about
twenty miles above Helena. The Gulnare was struck on the
starboard side, opposite the main hatch, and was so badly
broken up that she sunk within three minutes. The passengers
and crew escaped, with the exception of two Germans and a
United States soldier, who were deck passengers. These three
persons were drowned. The soldier was much intoxicated. One of
the Germans lost his life while attempting to save his
baggage. The Gulnare was heavily laden, and only a small part
of her cargo was saved.
BURNING OF THE ST. JOSEPH
This disaster took place at the mouth of
Arkansas river, January 12, 1850. The St. Joseph was from New
Orleans, bound to St. Louis, with a valuable cargo on board.
This steamer and the South America were running side by side
at the time of the accident. The larboard boiler of the St.
Joseph exploded, and the boat soon after took fire. There were
many deck passengers on board, some of whom plunged into the
river. The boiler was blown backward, instantly killing a boy
at the engine, and mortally wounding the second engineer, who
died the next day. A Mr. Moore, of Glasgow, Mo., was also
mortally wounded. He lingered in great agony for twenty-four
hours, having every particle of skin pealed from his body. It
is believed that eight or ten persons were drowned.
We have stated above that the steamer
South America was near the St. Joseph at the time of the
accident. Captain Baker, of the last named boat, took $3000
from the iron chest and handed it to the clerk of the South
America for safe keeping. On the next day, Captain Baker,
wishing to pay off his men, desired to have his money back,
but the clerk of the South America would give him but $300,
claiming the balance for salvage. Captain Baker stopped at
Memphis, in order to take legal measures for the recovery of
his money. The South America was attached at that port, and
the Sheriff took possession and detained her for twenty-four
hours. In the meanwhile, the facts of the case coming to the
knowledge of the citizens, caused such a general feeling of
indignation, that the officers of the South America being
apprehensive of popular vengeance, agreed to refund the money
to Captain Baker. The behaviour of Captain Greenlee to the
crew and passengers of the St. Joseph's, is represented as
inhuman in the highest degree.
The steamboat Mechanic had been
chartered at Nashville for the conveyance of General Lafayette
and suite to Marietta, Ohio. She departed from the former
place on Friday morning, May 6th, 1825, having on board,
besides her officers and crew, General Lafayette, General
Carroll and staff, Governor Coles, of Illinois, General
O'Fallon, Major Nash, of Missouri, and several other gentlemen
as passengers. On the following Sunday, about 12 o'clock,
midnight, while the steamer was ascending the Ohio, and when
near the mouth of Deer Creek, about one hundred and
twenty-five miles below Louisville, a severe shock was felt by
the persons on board, and it was soon ascertained that the
boat had struck some object under the surface of the water.
The commander, Capt. Hall, presently announced to the
passengers in the cabin that the boat had snagged. Capt. Hall
then caused the yawl to be made ready to convey General
Lafayette and the other passengers ashore. In the meanwhile,
the General had been aroused from his slumbers, and was soon
prepared to leave the steamer.
As the night was very dark, and great
confusion prevailed on board, General Lafayette, while
attempting to descend into the yawl, was precipitated into the
river and would have been drowned but for the assistance of
one of the deck hands, whose name we have been unable to
ascertain. The General, although far advanced in age, was able
to keep himself above water until help arrived. He lost eight
thousand dollars in money, besides his carriage,
clothing, but finally reached the shore in
While Capt. Hall was devoting all his
attention to the preservation of his passengers, his desk,
containing one thousand three hundred dollars, was lost
overboard and was never recovered.
The steam tow-boat Pilot, Capt. Brown,
bursted all her boilers, on March 14th, 1845, a short distance
below New Orleans, while engaged in towing the brig Pioneer up
to that city. Some fragments of the boat were thrown into the
air with such force as to carry away the top-gallant mast and
fore top-gallant yard of the Pioneer.
Killed.—William B. Fagan, first
engineer; Mr. Barry, a passenger; Mr. Davis, steersman; and a
fireman, name not mentioned.
Wounded.—William Webster, branch
pilot; William Reilly, second engineer ; Capt. Brown; three
deck-hands and four firemen.
Capt. Brown was thrown off the vessel by
the concussion and was taken out of the water by the crew of
This steamer was destroyed by fire on the
Mississippi river, nine miles above New Orleans, December
17th, 1850. About forty lives were lost. Sixteen of those who
perished were United States soldiers; the rest were deck
hands, and persons belonging to the boat. One woman was
killed, viz : Mrs. White, the wife of the carpenter. In order
to save her from the flames, her husband threw her into the
river and then sprung after her, but could not save
Killed.—Jackson Knowles, head
cook; William Sheppard, porter; a young man from
Elizabethtown, Ill., name unknown ; three firemen ; A.
Collier, wife and child ; the following United States
soldiers, Gilder, Hunt, Franks, Rean, Rosendale, Drury,
Dumont, Dailey, Duyer, Gerard, Hyer, Johnston, Kimble, Loomis,
Werther, Lind, and Donnie; several deck passengers, names
unknown, were also lost.
All the baggage belonging to the
passengers, and the boat's books and papers, were
TWENTY - THREE STEAMBOATS BURNED, SEVERAL
SQUARES IN ASHES
The prosperous and beautiful city of St.
Louis, Mo., was visited on the night of 17th May, 1849, by a
most terrible conflagration, which destroyed property to the
amount of $5,000,000. The fire broke out about 10 o'clock, p.
m., near the river, at the corner of Locust street and the
Levee, where the corner house and the three buildings above on
the Levee were destroyed. From thence the flames spread across
Locust street, sweeping every house, (with but one exception,)
in the blocks fronting on the Levee and Main street, and
extending from Locust street southward to Chestnut street, a
distance of three squares. The fire then advanced up Chestnut
street and crossed over to the next block south, at the
junction of Commercial alley with this street, then extending
from the alley to Main street, and down that to Market street,
consuming everything in its route, except two buildings at the
corner of Market street and Commercial alley. At the
intersection of Market and Main streets, the flames crossed
diagonally to the Market Street House, and followed both sides
of Market street up to Second street. Then, crossing Main
street, the flames again swept every Building, from Locust to
Market street, except a row of four-story fire-proof
warehouses just below Locust street. Thence the destructive
element proceeded up Pine, Chestnut and Market streets,
consuming every house in the two blocks between the streets
just mentioned and Main and Second streets, together with
nearly half the block north of Olive street.
point the ravages of the fire in this part of the city were
stayed ; but in order to produce this effect, it was found
necessary to blow up two or three houses at the corner of
Market and Second streets. Several persons were killed by the
explosion, one of whom was Mr. Targee, a well known citizen of
St. Louis. The fragments of one of the dead bodies were found
on the opposite side of the street; one piece near the
junction of Walnut and Second streets, and a thigh-bone and
foot belonging to another body, near the lower end of Walnut
street, two or three squares from the spot where the houses
were blown up. These, with the body of a boy who was burned on
the Levee, were supposed to constitute the remains of four
persons who had perished in the conflagration.
Although the progress of the fire was
arrested at the point designated above, the flames continued
to spread southward; having made another start at the foot of
Elm street, and spreading diagonally through the block, it
again reached Main street, extending down to Spruce street, a
distance, north and south, of two squares. Then crossing Milin
Street, it swept all before it to within a short distance of
Third street, three squares to the west of its starting point.
At Main street, the flames crossed Elm street, and consumed
one fourth of the block north of Elm and west of Main streets.
From the foot of Elm street up its southern side to Second
street, a distance of two squares, not a house was left
standing. This dreadful calamity reduced many families from
comfortable circumstances to perfect destitution. Hundreds of
estimable people were made houseless.
" Cast abandoned on the
world's wide stage,
And doomed in
scanty poverty to roam."
About ten o'clock, p. M., the fire, by
some means, was communicated to the steamer White Cloud. There
was quite a fleet of steamboats moored at the Levee at this
time. The Eudora was lying above the White Cloud, and the
Edward Bates below it; the Belle Isle and Julia were moored
below the Bates. A strong wind was blowing from the north-west
at the time the fire commenced its devastations among the
boats. The flames were soon communicated from the White Cloud
to the Eudora, and the Edward Bates caught almost at the same
The hawsers of this vessel were either
cut or severed by the fire, and she then drifted into the
current, carrying destruction to almost all the boats
stationed south of her. As the wind set in towards the wharf,
the cables were hauled in and they drifted out into the
current, yet the flaming vessel followed them up with a speed
from which it seemed impossible for them to escape. She
appeared to be animated by some intelligent spirit, which
prompted her to involve tbe others in that destruction to
which she herself was doomed. The fleet of vessels being
loosened from their moorings, were driven about, the sport of
the wind and the waves, with nobody on board to control their
Within half an hour from the time the
conflagration commenced among the boats, twentythree of them
had been surrendered to the fury of the flames, and half a
million dollars worth of property was destroyed. The spectacle
was awful but magnificent; a spectacle to which no pencil
could do justice, but not the less dreadful and horrifying to
Boats Destroyed.—American Eagle, Cossan,
Master, Keokuk and Upper Mississippi packet; valued at $14,000
; total loss; insured for $3,500 at Pittsburgh ; no
cargo,Alice, Kennett, Master, Missouri river packet; valued at
$18,000; total loss; insured for $12,000.
Alexander Hamilton, Hooper, Master,
Missouri river packet; valued at $15,000; total loss; insured
for $10,500 in eastern offices; no cargo.
Acadia, John Russell, Master, Illinois
river packet; valued at $4,000; total loss ; fully insured in
eastern offices; cargo valued at $1,000.
Boreas No. 3, Bernard, Master, Missouri
river packet; valued at $14,500; total loss ; insured for $11
500 in city offices; no cargo.
Belle Isle, Smith, Master, New Orleans
trader; valued at $10,000; total loss ; insured for $8,000 at
New Orleans ; no cargo.
Eliza Stewart, H. McKee, Master, Missouri
river trader; valued at $9,000 ; total loss ; insured for
nearly the full value at Nashville ; no cargo.
Eudora, Ealer, Master, New Orleans and
St. Louis trader; valued at $16,000 ; total loss; insured for
$110,500 at St. Louis ; no cargo. ,
Edward Bates, Randolph, Master, Keokuk
packet; valued at $22,500; total loss ; insured for $15,000 at
St. Louis ; no cargo.
Frolic, Ringling, Master, tow-boat;
valued at $1,500; total loss; no insurance ; no cargo.
Kit Carson, Goddin, Master, Missouri
river packet; valued at $16,000; total loss; insured for
$8,000 at St. Louis ; cargo valued at $3,000.
Mameluke, Smithers, Master, New Orleans
and St. Louis trader; valued at $30,000; total loss; insured
for $20,000 at Louisville, Columbus, Ac.
Mandan, Beers, Master, Missouri river
trader; valued at $14,000; total loss; insured for $10,500 at
St. Louis ; no cargo.
Montauk, Moorhouse, Master, Upper
Mississippi trader; valued at $16,000; total loss ; insured
for $10,000 at St. Louis, Ac.; cargo valued at $8,000.
Martha, D. Finch, Master, Missouri river
trader; valued at $10,000; total loss; fully insured at St.
Louis ; cargo valued at $30,000 ; also insured.
Prairie State, Baldwin, Master, Illinois
river packet; valued at $26,000 ; total loss ; insured in
eastern offices for $18,000 ; cargo valued at $3,000
Redwing, Barger, Master, Upper
Mississippi trader; valued at $6,000; total loss; no insurance
; cargo valued at $3,000.
Peter's, Ward, Master, Upper Mississippi trader; valued at
$12,000; total loss; insured for $9,000 at Nashville and
Louisville; no cargo.
Sarah, Young, Master, New Orleans and St.
Louis trader; valued at $35,000; total loss.
Taglioni, Marshall, Master, Pittsburgh
and St. Louis trader; valued at $20,000; total loss; insured
for nearly the full value at Pittsburgh; cargo valued at
Timour, Miller, Master, Missouri river
trader; valued at $25,000; total loss ; insured for $18,000 at
St. Louis, Ac.; cargo valued at $6,000.
White Cloud, Adams, Master, New Orleans
and St. Louis trader ; valued at $3,000 ; total loss; fully
insured; no cargo.
And a Ferry boat, valued at
16th of September, 1848, the steamer Concordia burst all her
boilers, when about to land passengers at Plaquemine, La. All
the upper works were demolished, and some fragments of them
were blown to the distance of three hundred yards. The cabin
passengers all escaped uninjured. Twenty-eight of the crew and
deck passengers were killed, and eight or ten persons were
Killed.— B. M. McDowell, clerk ;
Michael McQuaide, deck hand; Henry Jordon, a colored fireman ;
two cabin boys ; a fireman, name not mentioned ; Robert and
Edward Davis, colored men; and about twenty deck passengers,
Wounded.— Capt. H. Pease
(mortally); John F. Mosely, second clerk; John Tabbot, colored
fireman; John Henderson, first engineer; F. W. Colles,
book-keeper; Samuel Bunnall, colored fireman. Capt. Pease died
soon after the accident.
TIMOUR NO. 2.
The steamboat Timour No. 2 exploded,
September 25th, 1854, while lying at Edwards' wood-yard, on
the Missouri river, three miles below Jefferson City. She was
taking in wood at the time. All her boilers, three in number,
exploded at the same moment, wrecking all the forward part as
far as the wheel-houses, killing fifteen persons, and wounding
five or six others. The boat sunk soon after the explosion.
She had a valuable cargo, the greater part of which was lost.
The names of the sufferers are not mentioned, with the
exception of Mr. Charles Dix, the Captain's brother, who was
blown overboard and drowned.
eighth of January, 1845, the steamboat Belle Zane, while on her
way from Zanesville, Ohio, to New Orleans, struck a snag in
the Mississippi, about twelve miles below the mouth of White
immediately turned bottom upward ! This terrible accident took
place in the middle of an exceedingly cold night. Of ninety
persons who were on board a moment before the disaster, only
fifty escaped drowning and many of those who succeeded in
reaching the shore were afterwards frozen to death. At the
time the boat was snagged, the passengers were all in their
berths; those who were able to extricate themselves when the
boat suddenly turned over, had scarcely any clothing to
protect them from the inclemency of the weather. No situation
could be more wretched than that of the people who escaped to
the beach, almost naked, unsheltered and drenched with water
on a freezing night in December.
They remained in this miserable
situation for nearly two hours, when the steamboat Diamond came down and
took off all who remained alive, sixteen in number. There were
five ladies on board, all of whom were saved in the yawl. The
feet and hands of some of the survivors were so badly frozen
that amputation was necessary.
The following is a list of those who
perished, as far as their names could be ascertained; Dr.
Brant, Ohio; Abner Jones, C. Banks, Mrs. Williams, two
daughters and a colored slave, Miss.; Hettie Frazier and
cousin, name unknown, Boston; Edward Bossing and son, Illinois
; Mrs. Wilkes and family, consisting of eight persons ; seven
deck hands, fourteen slaves, and thirty other names unknown.
Sixteen bodies were picked up, including four ladies, and
buried on the banks of the Mississippi.
3rd day of April, 1852, the Glencoe, Captain Lee, from New
Orleans, arrived at St. Louis, and had just been moored at the
levee, foot of Chestnut street, when three of the boilers
exploded, with the most appalling and destructive effects. The
sound of the explosion was heard in the most remote quarters
of the city; in the neighborhood of the levee the shock was
like that of an earthquake, the houses for several squares
around appeared to reel under the force of the concussion. The
boat was crowded with people at the time ; the passengers were
engaged in looking after their baggage, and numbers of
citizens, hotel-runners, hackmen, had pressed into the boat.
There was a fearful loss of life, but the names and number of
the killed are beyond the scope of inquiry, as many of the
victims were strangers; the bodies of a large number blown
overboard were not recovered from the water, and many of the
dead were so shockingly disfigured or torn to pieces that all
recognition was out of the question. Fragments of wood, iron,
and dead bodies were thrown to a surprising distance.
The shock of the explosion drove the
steamer far out into the river, and immediately afterwards she
took fire, the furnaces having been dismantled, and the
burning fuel scattered over the decks. As the Glencoe floated
down the stream, she presented a frightful spectacle. The
whole forward part of the boat to the wheel-house, and down to
the water line, had been swept away, and all the after-part
was a commingled mass of timbers, freight, and human bodies
heaped together in the wildest confusion. The fire
burned fiercely and spread rapidly. The spectators on the
shore beheld men, women and children running, with phrensied
gestures, from one part of the burning steamer to another,
seeking some means of escape from the dreadful death which
threatened them some who had been caught between the falling
timbers were writhing in agony, making ineffectual efforts to
extricate themselves, and imploring others to assist them.
Numbers of the crew and passengers were compelled by the
advancing flames to throw themselves overboard; some of these
succeeded in reaching the shore, but many of them were
meantime, several small boats were actively engaged in
rescuing the drowning people, and a considerable number were
saved in this manner. The wreck finally lodged at the foot of
Poplar street, where it burned to the water's edge, and then
sunk, carrying down with it the ashes and bones of the dead.
Near the spot where the explosion took place many dead bodies
and dying persons were extended on the levee. Thirteen
mutilated corpses were soon after removed to the office of the
Board of Health, that being the most convenient place where
they could be deposited. Twenty or thirty of the wounded were
conveyed to the Sisters' Hospital. Others who were less
injured, some with their faces scalded or blackened by the
fire, were running about the levee in a frantic manner, crying
for assistance. The dead bodies of five persons who had been
blown from the deck of the Glencoe were found on the steamer
Cataract. They were dreadfully mangled, the limbs in some
cases being torn from the trunk—heads were mashed and
disfigured to a degree which defied all attempts at
identification. The body of a woman was found on the levee
stretched across a marble slab, (the top of a table which had
also been blown from the boat;) every bone in this corpse was
broken, and " the limbs," says an eye-witness, " were so badly
mangled that they could scarcely hang together."
The body of Mr. John Denny, first clerk
of the Glencoe, was found on the hurricane deck of the steamer
Western World. Few external injuries were found on this body,
but life was totally extinct. The body of a little girl, with
the legs torn off, was recovered from the river. The
dissevered leg of a man was picked up on the side walk in
Commercial street; the boot which remained on the limb, led to
the recognition thereof as a part of the mortal remains of
William Brennan, one of the engineers. Of the thirteen wounded
persons who were sent to the hospital, three died during the
night, and scarcely any of the others were believed to be
Capt. Lee, his lady and one of his
children, left the boat as soon as she landed, and a very few
minutes before the explosion. The Captain's little son, ten
years of age, who remained on board, was killed. Mr. A. R.
Jones, a merchant of St. Louis, was instrumental in saving a
great number of lives. He obtained a yawl, and approached the
burning boat near enough to take off a great many passengers.
As an acknowledgment of his humane services in the time of
danger and affliction, the steamboat men of St. Louis
presented Mr. Jones with a handsome silver mug, bearing a
The Killed.—John Denny, first clerk of
the Glencoe; Henry Balsar, pilot; John Curtis Lee, son of the
Captain, aged ten years; Edward McCarty, hack driver, St.
Louis; Mrs. Schenil, passenger, Memphis, Tenn.; (every bone in
her body was broken, as mentioned in the preceding narrative
;) John Grey, aged 12 years, a pedlar boy, from Memphis;
William Brennan, assistant engineer ; a family, consisting of
a man, his wife and three female children, names unknown ;
George W. Rolfe, runner at the American Hotel, St. Louis;
David Cree, Belfast, Ireland ; George Reeder and James Wile,
runners at the Virginia Hotel; a woman, name unknown ; and
many others, whose bodies could not be identified; making a
total of sixty killed.
Badly Wounded.—William Callahan,
fireman; Jesse H. Harrington, passenger, Cook county, Ill.;
Samuel High, a citizen of St. Louis, who went on board after
the boat arrived ; Thomas Carroll, passenger, Liverpool,
England; Frederick W. Burlog, German emigrant: Thomas Donahoe,
Dubuque, Iowa; Patrick McLaughlin, New York ; Daniel B.
Henman, Gibson county, Ill.; James McLean, Ohio; Michael Dunn,
one of the boat's crew; Sarah Matthews, passenger, aged
thirteen, mortally wounded ; W. B. Catherwright, passenger,
Mississippi ; William Brathwed, an Englishman; (he had with
him $1,900 in specie;) George Buchanan, engineer.
Slightly Wounded.—Mr. Lane, bar-keeper ;
Mr. Studdiford, Ohio; Francis Cafferty, hotel runner; Thomas
Foley, assistant engineer.
Very few of those who were badly wounded
lived twenty-four hours after the accident. In addition to
those mentioned in the foregoing list, some of the wounded
were conveyed away by their friends, and their names were not
Two or three steamboats which lay near
the Glencoe, were much damaged by the explosion. A lady from
Illinois was killed in her state - room in the steamer
Cataract, which lay next to the Glencoe.
The Saluda exploded on Missouri river,
near Lexington, April 9th, 1852. It appears that this boat had
been detained in the neighborhood of Lexington for four days,
by a strong tide. Several of her passengers left her to seek
other conveyance. On the day above mentioned, the Captain made
another effort to stem the current. The steamer left the
landing at half past one o'clock, A.
M., and five minutes after, the boilers exploded with
such tremendous effect that the cabin and all the wood-work
forward of the wheel-house were completely demolished, and not
a piece of timber was left above the guards. The boat sunk
within a few minutes. The books were all lost, and the names
of all the passengers who were killed by the explosion or who
sunk with the boat could not be ascertained. The number of
those who perished is estimated at one hundred.
commander, Capt. Belt, who was on the hurricane roof, was
blown high in the air, and fell against the side of a hill in
Lexington, at least one hundred feet from the wreck. The
second clerk, Mr. John Blackburn, was standing on the
boiler-deck, and was also blown on shore, to a considerable
distance from the boat. He was taken up dead. It may be
mentioned as a melancholy coincidence, that a brother of this
gentleman, (E. C. Blackburn,) was killed by the accident on
the Pacific railroad in November, 1855. They were both highly
esteemed by all who knew them. The mutilated bodies of a large
number of the passengers of the Saluda were found in the
streets of Lexington. Charles Labarge and Louis Gareth, the
pilots, and Messrs. Clancy and Evans, the engineers, were
lost. Their bodies were blown into the river, and were never
recovered. One of the surviving passengers lost his wife and
seven children. A lady was deprived of her husband and three
children. Such was the force of the explosion, that a part of
the boiler passed through a warehouse on the wharf, and quite
demolished it. The citizens of Lexington subscribed $1,000 for
the relief of the sufferers. The accident is ascribed to the
negligence of the engineer.
Killed.—Mr. Laynell, second
bar-keeper ; Mr. Nash and Mr. McClency; E. S. Halfer, second
engineer; Mr. Leggett; Mr. WayJey; J. Brick ; Mrs. Dunbar and
child ; Mrs. McGehas and child ; two children of Mr. Rollins ;
two Messrs. Bayley; two second clerks; a first engineer; two
pilots; Mr. McAllister; W. H. Bridges ; five firemen,
and many others, names unknown. Many of those who perished
Sixteen persons were wounded, two of them
mortally ; names not mentioned.
SULTANA AND MARIA
These boats came in collision on the
Mississippi, seven miles below Natchez, November 21, 1846. The
bow of the Sultana struck the Maria opposite her boilers,
throwing them out of their place, and breaking the connection
pipe and much of the wood-work, causing the boat to sink
within five minutes. About thirty lives were lost, and several
persons were scalded with more or less severity.
Killed.—Garret Bennis, James
Slemmon, Wm. Moreland, John Ross, Dennis McArtney, John
Steamlon, Wm. English, Frank Roberts, Peter Mattis, Peter
Valenier, and perhaps twenty others, names unknown.
Wounded.—Wm. Leahey, Samuel Buzzy,
Patrick Kenney, John B. Fleming.
Convoy.—The steamboat Convoy was burnt ten
miles above Natchez, April 29th, 1849. Two persons, who jumped
overboard, were drowned. The boat was a total loss.
Andrew Fulton.—The steamboat Andrew Fulton, on her
way from New Orleans to St. Louis, was wrecked on the Plateau
Rocks, March 1st, 1849. Three passengers were drowned.
Kbokuk.—The steamboat Keokuk was snagged at
the foot of St. Genevievo island, on the Mississippi, August
29th, 1844. She sunk in three fathoms water. One cabin
passenger, and ten or twelve deck passengers, names unknown,
Glide.—The steamboat Glide, Capt. Delzell,
exploded on the Mississippi, August 10th, 1844. A passenger
was blown overboard by the explosion, and no effort was made
by the crew to save him, although he floated for some time,
and called for assistance. The Glide had no small boat.
Charles.—The steam ferry boat St.
Charles, exploded near the Levee at St. Louis, December 7th,
1844. Mr. Bell, a passenger, was mortally wounded; and several
other persons were slightly injured.
Western.—The steamboat Western, on her way from
Pittsburgh to St. Louis, came in collision with the steamer
Aliquippa, which struck her in the middle and nearly cut her
in two. Several children were drowned. The boat cost $16,000,
and was insured for $10,000.
Shark.—The tow-boat Shark exploded
near New Orleans, January 6th, 1846. The Captain's brother,
Mr. Whon, was instantly killed. Mr. Kew, first engineer, and a
fireman, were mortally wounded. Three other persons were badly
Stren.—The steamboat Syren exploded near
Chattahoochie, February 8th, 1845, while taking in freight.
Ten of the crew were killed. The b,oat sunk and the cargo was
Red Rover.—The steamboat Red Rover came in
collision with the steamer Ruby at Fort Stoddart, on the
Alabama river, forty miles above Mobile, March 9th, 1845. The
Ruby sunk immediately, with all her freight and $10,000 in
specie. Two persons were drowned.
Persian.—The steam tow-boat
Persian exploded twenty-two miles below New Orleans, October
24th, 1845. C. Cruler, first engineer, and George Clinton,
mate, were killed instantly; and eight persons were badly
Potomac.—The steamboat Potomac, from New
Orleans, bound for Nashville, exploded at Choctaw Pass,
January 9th, 1845. Two deck hands were killed, and three other
persona seriously injured.
Simon Kenton.—The steamboat Simon Kenton burst a
connection-pipe, August 23th, 1847, while lying at the wharf
at St. Louis. A German woman attempted to jump into the yawl
with her infant in her arms. The child fell into the river and
was drowned. Four persons wera scalded severely.
Cleveland, running between Pittsburgh and Beaver,
collapsed two flues, June 14th, 1844. The cook and a colored
man were killed, and five persons were dangerously
New Hampshire.—The steamboat New
Hampshire, on her way from New Orleans to Little Rock, Ark.,
May 1st, 1849, exploded all her boilers, forty miles below the
place last mentioned. Twelve persons were killed, viz.: George
T. Allen, first clerk; Alexander McComas, pilot; James Van
Dyke, mate ; four negro firemen, awheel man, the second
steward, a cabinboy, Charles Radcliffe, carpenter, Mr.
Berring, a cabin passenger, and a deck hand, name unknown. The
boat was totally wrecked
Louisiana exploded one of her boilers, August 12th,
1844, killing seventeen persons, viz: William Smith, Henry
Finley, J. Goodman, John Henry and Jacob Cross, and twelve U.
S. soldiers, names unknown. The explosion took place fifteen
miles above Bayou Sara.
Swan.—The steamer Swan burst two
of her boilers near New Orleans, August 16th, 1844, killing
William Andrews, pilot, Robert Elliott, bar-keeper, Peter
Aimes, steersman, and a negro fireman.' The Captain and
several other persons were badly scalded.
Caspian.—The steamboat Caspian struck a snag at
the foot of Island No. 25 on the Mississippi, December llth,
1845. She sunk in fifteen feet water. Forty German emigrants
Denizen.—The steamer Denizen,
Capt. Rhodes, exploded thirty miles below Vicksburg, November
30th, 1845. Capt. Rhodes was killed, and a cabin passenger
Malon.—The steamer Malon sunk in
the Ohio river, near Paducah, September 12th, 1854.
Thirty-five deck passengers and one cabin passenger were
Phcenix.—The steam tow-boat
Phoenix blew up near New Orleans, May 20th, 1843, killing a
Mr. Hall, and two other persons, names unknown.
Peruvian.—The steamer Peruvian
burst all her boilers, June 7th, 1833, while on her way from
New Orleans to Louisville More than fifty persons were
Fashion No. 2.—The steamboat Fashion
No. 2 collapsed a flue on the Monongahela river, near
Pittsburgh, December 20th, 1850, killing Joseph Carroll and A.
Ligbtle, passengers, Isaac Peebles, assistant engineer, a son
of the Captain, and James Louderback, fireman. Several persons
Fusileer.—The steamer Fusileer
exploded both boilers near Attakopas, on the Mississippi
river, December 30th, 1852. The first mate was killed ; the
Captain was badly wounded.
Hercules.—The steam tow-boat
Hercules was badly damaged by coming in contact with the brig
Ermon, December 26th, 1828, on the Mississippi river, below
New Orleans. Three of the crew were drowned.
Financier exploded on the Upper Mississippi, October
2d, 1850, killing Mr.King, son of the Captain, and William
Greene, second engineer. The carpenter and cabin-boy were
Meteor No. 3.—The Meteor No. 3, on
her way from Red River to New Orleans, was burned to the
water's edge and sunk fifty miles above the last named city,
October llth, 1850. Three colored men were drowned.
Tippah.—The steamboat Tippah, on her way from
Tallahatchie river to New Orleans, was burned twenty-five
miles above Vicksburgh, January 7th, 1852. The second engineer
was drowned. Mrs. Butler, the Captain's wife, swam
Columbus.—The steamboat Columbus
collapsed a flue on the Mississippi, May 6th, 1850, killing
one man and wounding twelve others.
May Queen.—The steamboat May Queen collapsed her
flues on the Arkansas river, on February 16th, 1852. Twelve
persons were killed, and seven were badly wounded.
Mary Kingsland.—The steamboat Mary
Kingsland exploded, for the third time in her history, on the
1st of March, 1852. George Hainey, second engineer, and two
others, names unknown, were killed; George Swiler, pilot, was
mortally wounded ; and several other persons were severely
Princess.—The steamer Princess was
burned, two miles below Fort Adams, on the Mississippi,
October 8th, 1854. The persons killed were, Mrs. Weise and
child, and Miss Wilson, passengers ; George Brantz, a deck
hand, and five negroes.
Magnolia and Maluhka.—The steamers Magnolia and
Malumka came in collision on the Alabama river, February 16th,
1854. Three lives were lost.
Sylvester Webster.—The steamer Sylvester
Webster capsized August 18th, 1854; on the Mississippi river,
thirty-five miles below New Orleans. The captain and two
female passengers were drowned.
Buckeye State.—The steamer Buckeye State
burst a steam-pipe on the Ohio river, March 25th, 1852,
scalding three passengers severely. One of them jumped
overboard and was drowned.
Gipsey.—The steamer Gipsey was
burned, December 7th, 1854, near the mouth of New river. Dr.
Harker and his son and daughter perished in the flames. Four
other persons were burned to death or drowned.
Medore.—The steamer Medore blew up
on the Mississippi, April 12th, 1842. John R. Boone was
Douglass.—The steamboat Douglass
burst a steam-pipe, near New Madrid, mortally wounding a child
of Dr. Hoffman, and two children of Mrs. Montgomery. Mr. C.
Lemard of Louisville, and a slave of Dr. Hoffman, were killed
instantly. Several passengers were badly scalded.
West Wind.—The steamer West Wind
collapsed a flue at the mouth of the canal near Louisville. Killed.—Mrs. Dothart and sister, St.
Louis ; Mr. Sadwood; an old man from St. Louis, name unknown;
Mr. Vidonc, St. Louis. Several passengers were wounded.
Valley.—The steamers Farmer and
Scioto Valley came in collision, November 20th, 1842, twenty
miles below Louisville. The Farmer was sunk and three deck
hands were drowned.
Munroe.—The steamer Munroe was
sunk in the night of March 20th 1854, ten miles above Natchez.
Thirty persons were drowned.
And Paris.—The steamboat Meteor was struck by the
Paris, abaft the wheel-house, August 24th, 1848, when five
miles below Stevensport. The Meteor sunk immediately. Four or
five German deck passengers were drowned.
Brooklyn.—The steamboat Brooklyn
collapsed a flue, March 6th, 1847, twenty miles below
Vieksburg. P. Feinan, fireman, and H. Conele, German
passengers, were killed.
Clinton.—The steamer Clinton was
burned, March 23d, 1847, five miles above Bonne Caro, on the
Mississippi. Two deck passengers, the second mate, (Mr.
Weaver,) the bar-keeper, the cook and the chambermaid, were
Simon Kenton.—The steamer Simon Kenton,
on her way from Quineey to St. Louis, April 4th, 1847, broke a
connection-pipe. A. Mead, deck hand, was mortally
R. King And
Winona.—The steamers Wm. R. King
and Winona came in collision on the Tombigbee river, February
5, 1847. The former was sunk and two persons were
Medora.—The steamer Medora
exploded below Point Hudson, on the Mississippi river, March
18, 1847. Four persons were killed and three others were
National.—The steamer National was
burned at the mouth of Kentucky river, March 20, 1847. The
clerk was killed.
Palmyra.—The steamer Palmyra
struck a rock near the Upper Rapids, Mississippi river
November 3, 1838. One life lost.
James Pitcher.—The steamer James Pitcher
was burned to the water's edge. November 29, 1S46. One person
Wave.—The steamboat Wave was burned near
Pern, on the Illinois river, June-21, 1837. A French
gentleman, name unknown, was drowned.
Witt Clinton.—The steamboat De Witt Clinton, on her
way from New Orleans to Pittsburgh* January 25, 1852, struck a
snag eight miles below Memphis, and sunk in 15 feet water. All
on board were drowned, except one fireman and the officers of
the boat. Thirtysix lives were lost.
Louisiana.—The steamer Louisiana,
while racing with another boat on Lake Pontchartrain, May 7,
1849, collapsed a steam pipe. Four persons were killed
instantly, and six others were badly scalded.
Governor Bent.—The Governor Bent, an
Arkansas river boat, exploded all her boilers near Island No.
76, on the Mississippi, May 12, 1849. One fireman was killed.
A few moments before the explosion, all the crew were seated
on the boiler-deck, when their attention Wr.s
attracted to a rat, which they all pursued, except one
man, and he was killed. Had the rat not appeared at that
moment, many lives would have been lost.
Wyandotte.—The steamer Wyandotte
was totally wrecked on the Mississippi, above Vicksburg,
November 21, 1848. Thirty of the passengers and crew
TTn i..—The steamers Marengo and Harry Hill came in
violent contact, on the Mississippi, below Natchez, November
30,1848. The Marengo sunk and three of her crew were
America.—The steamboat America exploded fifteen
miles below Madison, Ind., on the Ohio river, December 19,
1848. Four persons were mortally wounded, and ten others were
Charter Oak.—The steamboat Charter Oak was
destroyed by fire, near Bailey's Landing, on the Mississippi
river, April 12, 1848. Many of the passengers were lost, and
others severely wounded.
Kenney.—The steamer Kenney
exploded in the Totnbigbee river, (Alabama,) June 5, 1848.
Fifty of the crew and passengers were killed or
Eagle.—A collision took place
between the steamers Sultana and Gray Eagle, at Island No. 35,
on tha Mississippi, June 13, 1848. Two men belonging to the
Gray Eagle were killed and five were wounded.
Hardee.—The steamer Hardee burst
her connection pipes, on Missouri river, thirty miles above
Weston, September 6, 1849. Captain G. Fishback was instantly
killed ; Geo. Martin the pilot, was mortally wounded, and
several others were badly scalded.
Carrollton, going from New Orleans to Vicksburg, was blown up
near Baton Rouge, October 1, 1835. Eight persons were killed
instantly, and seven others were mortally wounded.
Big Hatchie.—The steamboat Big Hatchie exploded one
of her boilers at Harmon's Landing, 100 miles above St. Louis,
on the Mississippi, July 25, 1845. A passenger, named Hoyle,
was instantly killed, and a son of Mr. Ludlow, Manager of St.
Charles Theatre, New Orleans, mortally wounded. Several other
persons, names unknown, are supposed to have been
The R. B. Gilhore
And Delaware.—The steamboat R. B.
Gilmore was wrecked and sunk by coming in collision with the
Delaware, on the Ohio river, below Louisville, April
15, 1838. Several passengers, names not reported, were
Eutaw.—The mail-boat Eutaw,
running between Wheeling and Steubenville, collapsed a flue,
April 23, 1S38, causing the death of a fireman. Several
persons were badly scalded.
Dacotah.—The steamboat Dacotah exploded at
Peoria, 111., August 20, 1851. She was bound for Minnesota.
Eleven persons were killed, viz.:—Mr. Haywood and three
children; Wm. Baker, wife and child; H. Foster; C. Van Sycle;
three children of B. Wordsworth; H Bains and Wm.
Echo.—The steamboat Echo collapsed two flues
at Bayou Sara, May 20,1851, killing three of the crew, and
wounding five others.
Financier.—The steamer Financier
exploded on the Mississippi, near Alton, October 12, 1850. The
mate and the Captain's son were-killed. Several of the crew
were badly scalded.
Duncan.—Tne steamer Duncamblew up
on Savannah river, June 8, 1841, killing three negroes. The
boat was burned and sunk.
Pike.—The steamboat Pike was sunk, September
5, 1840, by coming in contact with the steamer Fayette, two
miles below Alton, 1l1. Seven persons were known to be
Farmer.—The steamboat Farmer collapsed a flue,
on the Mississippi, above New Orleans, Nov. 27, 1840. Mr.
Berry, second engineer, and a german deck passenger were
Chester.—The steamer Chester,
Captain Cable, on her way from New Orleans to St. Louis,
collapsed two flues, twenty miles above the first-named place,
on the first of July, 1840. The mate and a deck hand were
blown overboard and drowned.
Edna.—The steamboat Edna exploded, July 3d,
1842, at the mouth of Missouri river. Fifty passengers,
(German emigrants,) were mortally wounded.
Amos Crocker.—The steamer Amos Crocker
was sunk, April 27th, 1849, in Red Bayou. One life was
Embassy.—The steamboat Embassy, from Pittsburgh
to St. Louis, collapsed two flues at Three Mile Island, June
9, 1849. Ten persons were killed and twenty-five
Iron City.—The Iron City struck some
floating ice near St. Louis, December 31st, 184S. Her bow was
broken so as to cause her to sink immediately. Five of the
crew were drowned.
EARTHQUAKE OF 1811
This earthquake was the most remarkable
phenomenon that ever occurred on the American continent within
the memory of man. The shocks were repeated with more or less
violence, for the space of three months, and were felt along
the course of the Mississippi from Cairo to New Orleans. The
central point of the convulsions appears to have been about
seventy miles below the former place. The scenes which
presented themselves during the earthquake, or succession of
earthquakes, to speak more properly, were terrible beyond all
powers of description. The first shock was felt on the night
of December 16th, 1811; it made a great commotion in the
waters of the river, and greatly alarmed the boatmen. The
steamer Orleans, the first steamboat built in the west, was
on her passage to New Orleans, and was tossed about as it were
by a violent tempest. Just below New Madrid, a flat boat
belonging to Richard Stump was swamped, and six men were
drowned. During the various shocks, the banks of the
Mississippi caved in by whole acres at a time. Large trees
disappeared under the ground or were cast with frightful
violence into the river. At times, the waters of the
Mississippi were seen to rise up like a wall in the middle of
the stream, and then suddenly rolling back would beat against
either bank with terrific force. Boats of considerable size
were often cast "high and dry" upon the shores of the river.
Frequently a loud roaring and hissing were heard, like the
escape of steam from a boiler. The water of the river was much
agitated. Whole islands disappeared. On the shores, the earth
opened in wide fissures, and closing again threw the water,
sand and mud, in jets higher than the trees. A dense fog or
mist pervaded the atmosphere. The air was impregnated with a
sulphurous effluvium, and a taste of sulphur was observed in
the water of the river and the neighboring springs.
Each shock of the earthquake was
accompanied by what seemed to be the reports of heavy
artillery. A man who was on the river in a boat at the time of
one of the shocks, declares that he saw the mighty Mississippi cut in
twain, while the waters poured
down a vast chasm into the bowels of the earth. A moment more,
and the chasm was filled, but the boat which contained this
witness was crushed in the tumultuous efforts of the flood to
regain its former level. The town of New Madrid, Missouri, was
almost entirely destroyed by these convulsions of nature. This
town, which formerly stood on a bluff bank, fifteen or twenty
feet above the summer floods, sunk so low that the next rise
of the water covered it to the depth of five feet. Many of the
inhabitants were drowned, and the buildings generally were
One of the lakes formed by this
earthquake is nearly sixty miles long and several miles wide.
The legislature of Missouri, in 1851, made an appropriation
for the purpose of reclaiming the sunken lands. A more
terrible calamity of this kind has rarely been recorded in the
history of the world. Fortunately, it occurred at a time when
that part of the country was but thinly inhabited.
BURNING OF THREE STEAMERS
Between the hours of 12 and 1 o'clock, on
Monday morning, December 3rd, 1855, a fire broke out on board
of the steam packet George Collier, Captain Burdett, lying at
the lower landing, Memphis, Tenn. The steamer had just
arrived, and had not been made fast, when the mate discovered
the fire in a small closet under a flight of steps in the
forward part of the boat. From this small beginning, the
flames spread to every part of the steamer, in less than five
minutes. All efforts to arrest their progress proving
Captain Burdett, perceiving that the
total destruction of the boat was inevitable, gave the alarm
to the passengers in the cabin. His first efforts were
directed to the preservation of the ladies, and in this, by
almost superhuman exertions, he succeeded. The male passengers
and some of the officers and crew were compelled to save
themselves by jumping off, some into the river and some on the
lower deck of the wharf boat, which lay near the Collier. This
fine wharf boat, called the Mary Hunt, together with the
steamer May Flower, which lay on the other side, was soon
involved in the fate of the George Collier, and the three
burning vessels are said to have presented one of the most
magnificent and terrible spectacles ever witnessed in that
locality. A flood of light, even at that dreary midnight hour,
made every object distinctly visible for a great distance
around the conflagration. Crowds of people rushed to the
wharves, all in the most intense excitemcnt and anxiety for
the fate of the many people who were known to be on board the
blazing steamer. There were more than forty passengers on the
George Collier, who together with the officers and crew made a
total of sixty-five or seventy people, all of whom, for a
time, appeared to be doomed to an agonizing death. The
register of the passengers names was destroyed with the boat.
It is impossible, therefore, to state, with any degree of
precision, how many lives were lost, but twelve persons, at
least, are known to have perished.
The George Collier had just completed her
trip from New Orleans to Memphis, with a valuable cargo, all
of which was destroyed. None of the passengers had
Killed.—Arthur Dignan, of
Philadelphia, assistant bar-keeper of the Mayflower; R. S.
Candon, of Louisville, engineer of the Games' Landing
Railroad; another gentleman attached to the same Railroad,
name not mentioned; James Banks,
cook of the Collier, and Sidney, a cabin boy of the same boat;
several of the cabin passengers and three or four colored
people, names unknown.
The George Collier was valued at $35,000;
the Mayflower at $100,000, and the wharf boat at $15,000. The
whole loss by this conflagration is estimated at
The loss of the steamer Martha
Washington, with its attendant circumstances, is one of the
most extraordinary events in the records of marine disasters,
a cloud of mystery hanging over the whole subject, which will
probably never be cleared away. This steamer, Captain Cummins,
commander, was on her way from Cincinnati to New Orleans, when
she took fire on the Mississippi river, near Island No. 65, at
about half-past one o'clock, on the morning of January 14,
1852. The boat was entirely consumed. Several passengers lost
their lives, but all the officers and crew, except the
carpenter, were saved. The work of destruction was completed
within three minutes. A whole family, consisting of a man, his
wife and two children, perished in the flames. Two or three
other persons were either burned to death or drowned while
attempting to escape from the fire. The books and papers were
The burning of this boat has given
occasion for several law-suits and criminal prosecutions. A
charge of conspiring to burn the boat has been made by Sidney
C. Burton, of Cleveland, Ohio, against Wm. Kissane, L. L. Filley,
the brothers Chapin, Lyman Cole, Alfred Nicholson, the clerk
of the Martha Washington, and several others. It was alleged
that a heavy insurance on the cargo was obtained from several
offices, and that the boat had been fraudulently laden
with boxes containing nothing more valuable than bricks,
stones, and rubbish.
It is said that in the summer of 1852, L.
L. Filley of Cincinnati, one of the persons implicated in this
imputed crime, confessed on his deathbed that there had been
no merchandize shipped on the Martha Washington, and that the
boat had been designedly set on fire to defraud the Insurance
Companies. Sidney C. Burton states that he shipped on this
boat a quantity of leather valued at $1,500, and that he was
unable to obtain the insurance money, because the insurance
officers protested that the boat had been fraudulently set on
fire. At the suit of Mr. Burton, the persons named above were
arrested on the charge of conspiring to burn the boat, which
involved the charge of murdering the passengers who were lost.
Kissane was tried at Lebanon, Ohio, and afterwards at
Cincinnati, and was convicted ; he obtained a new trial, and
All the persons implicated were
afterwards tried at Columbus, Ohio, for conspiracy, forgery ,
but the jury brought in a verdict of " not guilty." Burton
then obtained a requisition from the Governor of Arkansas on
the authorities of Ohio, and had all the accused parties
arrested by officer Bruen, at the Walnut street house,
Cincinnati, in 1854. They were hurried into an omnibus heavily
ironed and ill-treated, and conveyed down to one of the
wharves below Cincinnati, placed on a boat, and carried away
to Jeffersonville, Ind., and from thence to Helena, Ark., to
be tried for murder, arson , where they were confined in a
miserable jail three months.
They were again acquitted in the Court of
Arkansas. But the determined prosecutor again returned to the
charge. Kissane, one of the defenders, in order to raise money
to defray the expenses of his legal defence, committed a
forgery on the Chemical Bank of New York, in the summer of
1854. Some of his friends or advocates assert that he
committed this deed in mere desperation, having been driven to
the last extremity by the prosecutions or persecutions of
Burton. Kissane was arrested for this forgery, but while in
the custody of an officer, he contrived to make his escape
from the railroad car by creeping through an aperture in the
water closet. After concealing himself for some time, he was
retaken, tried, and sentenced to the State's prison, at Sing
Sing, two and a half years ; but in December of 1855, he was
pardoned by Governor Clark, of New York. In the same month and
year, the Grand Jury of Hamilton county, Ohio, found a true
bill against Burton, the prosecutor of Kissane, and
another person, named Coons, for perjury. Coons acknowledged
that Burton had paid him for giving in false evidence at the
trial of the persons charged with burning the Martha
Such being the facts of the case, there
are many conflicting opinions in relation to the guilt or
innocence of the parties charged with the horrid crime of
setting fire to the steamer and sacrificing the lives of
several passengers, for the purpose of obtaining a sum of
money from the insurance offices. Several other incidents of a
mysterious and romantic character are related in connection
with this narrative. Sidney C. Burton, the prosecutor of
Kissane, lately died (December 11th, 1855,) at Cleveland,
Ohio, in circumstances which give, a color of probability to a
prevailing suspicion that he was poisoned. It is mentioned
also that an attempt was before made to poison him at a hotel
in Columbus, Ohio. The whole affair presents a tangled web
which it would require a good deal of ingenuity to
This disaster occurred at six o'clock, A.
M., on the first day of July, 1855, about ninety miles below
Louisville, on the Ohio river. Every person on board, except
those of the crew who had been appointed to keep the night
watch, were in their berths. Three boilers exploded at the
same moment, demolishing the whole of the upper works forward
of the wheel house, and hurling many of the sleeping crew and
passengers into the water, without any premonition of danger.
The steamer was
under way at the time of the accident, and the engine had been
working steadily without intermission, for two hours. There
were about fifty cabin passengers, exclusive of eight ladies,
one child, and a nurse, who, together with the officers, crew
and deck passengers made a sum total of one hundred and thirty
The explosion produced a deafening report
and the wreck immediately took fire. " Then," says an
eye-witness, " was presented a dreadful harrowing scene, such
as no pen can describe, no imagination conceive. Many persons
were blown into the river, a few of whom swam ashore ; many
fell on the boat, and were mingled in awful confusion with the
fragments of the wreck; all was lit up by the blazing timber,
which, in that dead hour of the night, cast an unearthly gleam
on the hideous spectacle. To the spectator, to whose harrowed
sight were visible the blackened bodies of the dead and the
expiring agonies of those who struggled in the water, and on
whose ears rung the groans of those who were expiring on the
wreck, the scene was one of the most terrific and
The second mate, Peter Edds, ordered the
anchor to he thrown overboard as soon as possible, and the
steamer dragged for two miles down the stream. The scene of
the disaster was near some wood-choppers' cabins, on the
Kentucky shore. These people, as soon as they discovered the
misfortune which had befallen the Lexington, came in their
skiffs, and took off the surviving passengers. The ladies
generally were saved. The males, with very few exceptions,
were more or less injured.
Killed.—W. C. Larkins, Madison,
Ind.; Mr. Phillips, Liberty, Mo.; Henry Lewis ; John Taylor,
colored porter; Thomas Baldwin, and William Harrison,
colored; James Miller, second clerk, Nashville; M. R.
Fairchild, bar keeper; P. Willis, second engineer, Smithfield
; M. Bernard, pilot; Samuel Lowery, colored ; two brothers,
names unknown ; Mr. Haines, carpenter; a German deck hand ; a
colored fireman, and eleven others, names unknown, making a
total of about thirty five.
Wounded.—Capt. Throop, Col. Bales
and Thomas Payne, Louisville ; Thomas Gibson, first mate ; E.
G. Davidson, first clerk, Paducah, Ky.; Sneed Strang, pilot,
J. B Johnston and M. Twigg, Nashville ; S. W. Anderson,
assistant engineer; D. Harris,
Cincinnati; Henry, colored boy; J. Gardner, King's Landing,
Ky.; P. Flynn, Auburn, N. Y.; J. Johnson and A. Badger, pilot,
St. Louis; W. P. Johnston, Madison ; T. Ryan, St. Louis; Capt.
Thomas White, Louisville ; Mr. McElroy, Lebanon, Ky; J. Hall,
Liberty, Mo. ; Charles Squire, and others, names not
The boat turned bottom upward, and sunk
near Stephensport. The steamer D. A. Given took charge of
those passengers who had been carried to the Kentucky shore by
the wood choppers. It is remarked as a singular circumstance
that few persons were scalded by this explosion. Most of the
wounded were badly bruised or had their limbs broken. Many
were drowned, of whom no account will ever be given, as the
books and papers, and all the baggage, except that in the
ladies' cabin, were destroyed.
Capt. J. V. Throop, the commander of the
Lexington, has been engaged on the river for twenty-five
years. He is a prudent and experienced officer, and this is
the first accident that ever befel a boat under his