Transcribed by : Tina Easley


Jas. S. Conway - Henry W. Conway -

Jas. S. Conway

Born in Greene County, Tennessee, 1796; second son of Thomas and Ann Conway; came to St. Louis in 1816; removed to Arkansas Territory in 1820; in 1826 settled on a farm on Red River in Lafayette County; surveyed the western boundary of the Territory in 1825 and the southern in 1831; surveyor general in 1832; governor of the State, 1836-1840; retired at the close of his term and spent the rest of his life on the farm; buried at Walnut Hill in the Conway graveyard; grave is marked by a marble monument about six feet high inscribed as follows:

"J. S. Conway, son of Thomas and Ann Conway. Born Dec. 9, 1796, died May 3, 1855."

Sources Of Information: Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, p. 263; Shinn's School History of Arkansas, p. 122; Reynolds' Makers of Arkansas History, p. 169; Hallum's Biographical and Pictorial History of Arkansas, p. 52; W. C. Bradley of Walnut Hill.

Henry W. Conway

Brother of Jas. S. Conway; helped to lay out the city of Little Rock; was at one time postmaster of Little Rock; delegate to congress from Arkansas, 1823-1827; killed in a duel with Robert Crittenden in 1827; buried at Arkansas Post; grave was originally marked by a brick enclosure covered with a marble slab, over all of which was a marble shaft erected by his brother, Jas. S. Conway. On the shaft were these words:

1 Joseph S. Utley was born on a farm near Greenbrier in Faulkner County, Arkansas, October 18, 1876. He received his elementary education in the rural schools. Beginning in 1894 he taught several years in the country schools of his native county. In the fall of 1897 he entered Hendrix College, graduating in 1906. He was principal of the public school at Ashdown from 1902 to 1904. Mr. Utley taught history and French in the Clary Training School from 1906 to 1908. He was admitted to the bar at Benton, Arkansas, in September, 1907, and is now a member of the firm of Cooper & Utley of that place. In 1903 he married Miss Vivian Williams of Conway.—Editor.

"Sacred to the memory of Henry W. Conway who was born in Tennessee, 18th March, 1793; entered the United States army as ensign in 1812; was promoted to second lieutenant in 1813. Fought at Fort Boyer, Mobile Point (commanded by Captain Lawrence) at the defeat of the British fleet and land forces and the destruction of the Commodore's vessel in 1814; was retained in the service as first lieutenant in the peace; resigned and received an appointment in the treasury department at the city of Washington in 1817; resigned and emigrated to Missouri in 1818; emigrated to Arkansas in 1820, having been appointed receiver of public moneys; resigned and was elected delegate to congress in 1823; was reelected in 1825 and 1827 by large majorities. Was unfortunately mortally wounded in a duel with Robert Crittenden on the 2$th October, and died 9th November, 1827, aged 34 years, 7 months and 21 days, deeply lamented by all who knew him.

"This tomb is erected as a small memento of his great worth by his devoted brother, Jas. S. Conway."

The vault and the slab originally enclosing his grave have been almost destroyed by falling timber and the grave is in a neglected condition.

Sources Of Information : Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 215 and 776; Reynolds' Makers of Arkansas History, p. 168; Shinn's School History of Arkansas, p. 94; Halium's Biographical and Pictorial History of Arkansas, p. 47; Col. W. H. HalliBurton of Dewitt.

Gen. Jas. H. McBR1DE.

Born in Harrodsburg, Kentucky, in 1813; went to Missouri when a young man and began practicing law; circuit judge of his district in 1858; resigned in 1861 and was appointed brigadier general in the state service by Governor Clabe Jackson; displayed great bravery at Oak Hill; after this, he resigned his position in the state service and was appointed brigadier general in the Confederate service by President Davis; in 1863 he resigned his position in the army on account of ill health and started south with his family; at Bluffton in Yell County, his condition became so critical that he was forced to stop; died and was buried at Bluffton. His grave is unmarked and but few if any of the oldest citizens of the community could now point out the exact spot.

Judge P. J. McCall, from whom this information was obtained, writes that his father knew General McBride in the army, as did several others of his acquaintance who are yet living, particularly, Captain R. B. Parks and H. P. Berry. The mother of Judge McCall visited the family of General McBride during the general's illness. Judge McCall's address is Sharp, Arkansas.

John Selden Roane.

Born in Wilson County, Tennessee, January 8, 1817; graduated from a college at Princeton, Kentucky; came to Arkansas in 1836; studied law under his brother, Sam C. Roane; settled at Pine Bluff in 1837; moved to Van Buren in 1842; lieutenant colonel in Yell's regiment in the Mexican War; governor of Arkansas, 1849-1852; active in raising troops for the Confederacy in 1861 and was made brigadier general; married to Miss Mary Kim Smith, daughter of General Nat Smith of • Tulip, Arkansas.

Governor Roane died rather suddenly of neuralgia of the brain in 1867. He was buried in Oakland cemetery in Little Rock. His grave is marked by a neat marble monument erected by devoted friends. This monument is inscribed as follows:

"John Selden Roane, Governor of Arkansas from 1849 to 1852. Born Jan. 8, 1817, died April 7, 1867."

Sources OF Information : Sketch of career—Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 318-320; Mrs. Mary K. Roane of Tulip, Arkansas.

Note : The death of Mrs. Roane has occurred since the above was written. She has a daughter, Mrs. Lem Smith, who is living at Tulip and can doubtless give any information desired concerning Governor Roane.

Chester Ashley.

Born in Amherst, Massachusetts, in 1791; taken by his parents to New York where he was given good training in the elementary and high schools; afterwards graduated with honors from Williams College; took a law course at Litchfield, Connecticut; went to Illinois and afterwards to St. Louis, Missouri, where he practiced law for about a year; came to Little Rock in 1820; married in 1821 to Miss Mary W. W. Elliott of Cape Girardeau, Missouri; elected to the United States senate in 1844 and again in 1847; died in 1848 in Washington City; buried in Mt. Holly cemetery, Little Rock. His grave is marked by a handsome white marble monument inscribed as follows:

"Sacred to the memory of Chester Ashley who departed this life in Washington City April 29, 1848, in the 57th year of his age.

" 'Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven; whose sin is covered.' 'The Lord is nigh unto all them that call upon him in truth."

"Dedicated by his wife and children."

Sources Of Information : Sketch of career—Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 763-4; Reynolds' Makers of Arkansas History, pp. 213-19.


Sterling R. Cockrill.

Born in Nashville, Tennessee, September 26, 1847; volunteer in the Confederate army at the age of sixteen; did good service all through the war; graduated at Washington College at Lexington, Virginia; graduated from the law department of Cumberland University in 1870; began practicing law at Little Rock in the year of his graduation from the law school; law partner of Augustus H. Garland in 1874; elected chief justice of the supreme court of Arkansas on the death of Elbert H. English in 1884; reelected in 1888, serving till 1893; married in 1872 to Miss Ashley Freeman, a granddaughter of Chester Ashley. His grave is marked by a monument of gray marble inscribed as follows:

"Sterling Robertson Cockrill, lawyer and judge. Chief justice of the supreme court of Arkansas, 1884-1893."

Source Of Information : Sketch of career—Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, p. 8n.

William Savin Fulton.

Governor Fulton was a graduate of Baltimore College in the class of 1813; studied law in the office of the famous William Pinckney; moved to Nashville, Tennessee, in 1815; began practicing law in 1817; moved to Florence, Alabama, in 1820; elected in 1821 as judge of the county court of Lauderdale County, Alabama; appointed private secretary to General Jackson, in which position he served throughout the Seminole campaign. As his epitaph contains a brief sketch of his career, a further account is omitted here. He is buried in Mt. Holly cemetery at Little Rock. His grave is marked by a white marble monument on a gray stone base. The epitaph is as follows:

"Sacred to the memory of William Savin Fulton, son of David and Elizabeth Fulton. Was born in Cecil County, Maryland, June 2, 1795. Married to Matilda Nowland at Florence, Alabama, Feb. 9, 1825. In 1829 appointed by Pres. Jackson secretary, and in 1835, governor of the Territory of Arkansas. In 1836 and again in 1840 elected a senator for the State of Arkansas in the congress of the United States. Died at Rosewood Aug. 15, 1844, in the 5oth year of his age. Dedicated by his wife and children."

Source Of Information : Sketch of career—Hallum's Biographical History of Arkansas, p. 183 et seq. .

Dandridge McRAE.

Born in Alabama, October 10, 1829; graduated at the State University of South Carolina in 1849; admitted to the bar in Arkansas in 1854; active in raising troops in the war and was finally made brigadier general; married January 10, 1855, to Miss Angie Lewis. He was a great promoter of industrial expositions and was several times honored with important positions on commissions for the promotion of such enterprises. Was at one time deputy secretary of state, which position he filled with ability.

General McRae died April 23, 1889, and was buried at Searcy in Oak Grove cemetery. There is no monument at his grave but his last resting place is tenderly cared for by his relatives and friends.

Sources Of Information : Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 1014-15; Mrs. Annie McRae Neely of Searcy, Arkansas.

Chas. P. Bertrand.

Born in New York city November 3, 1808; came to Little Rock early in its history; became a lawyer of great ability; started the Advocate in 1830, the second newspaper in the State; continued to be the editor and proprietor till 1835; married in 1836 to Mary H. Morris at Frankfort, Kentucky. He died August 27, 1865, and was buried at Little Rock in Mt. Holly cemetery. His grave is marked by a large stone chiseled in the form of an urn. On this monument are these words:

"To the memory of Chas. P. Bertrand. Born in New York city, Nov. 28, 1808. Married at Frankfort. Ky., April 28, 1836. to Mary H. Morris. Died in Little Rock. Arkansas, Aug. 27, 1865. 'Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth; yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labors; and their works do follow them"—Rev. xiv—13."

Sources Of Information : Sketch of career—Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, p. 766; Pope's Early Days in Arkansas, p. 114.

Thomas W. Newton.

Born at Alexandria, Virginia, January 18, 1804; came to Arkansas Post in 1818 and was mail carrier from there to Little Rock till 1822; in 1822 moved to Little Rock; studied law under Robert Crittenden; was deputy clerk and recorder in 1822; deputy postmaster under Henry W. Conway in 1823; appointed postmaster August 23, 1823; secretary of the legislative council of the territorial legislature in 1823; re-elected in 1825 and again in 1827; postmaster again in 1828; removed to Kentucky in 1829 but returned to Arkansas about 1834; cashier for the famous Real Estate Bank; United States marshal in 1844; member of congress in 1847; died in New York city September 22, 1853; buried in Mt. Holly cemetery. He was twice married— first to Miss Mary K. Allen of Shelbyville, Kentucky, and second, to Amelia Cordell of Missouri. Newton's grave is marked by a neat marble monument inscribed as follows:

"Thos. W. Newton, born at Alexandria, Va., Jan. 18, 1804, died in New York city, Sept. 22, 1853."

Source or Information : Sketch of career—Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 767-8.

Cephas Washburn.

Born in Vermont, July 25, 1703; educated in the university of his native state; studied theology in Andover Seminary; ordained as a missionary to the Cherokees; went first to Georgia but remained there only a short time; sent by the American Board of Missions to establish a mission in Arkansas; founded Old Dwight mission about four miles west of the present town of Russellville. Signs of this mission are still to be seen. On their way to this mission, Washburn and the missionary sent with him stopped at Arkansas Post and preached several times. Washburn preached the first sermon ever preached in Little Rock. He was a passenger on the first steamboat that ever passed above Arkansas Post. He remained at Dwight till 1828, when, by treaty, the Indians were moved further west.

After Mr. Washburn quit missionary work, he labored among the white people of the State as a regular minister. His first settlement was in Benton County where he taught school and preached for about ten years. Next, he was pastor of a Presbyterian church at Ft. Smith. In 1855 he moved to Norristown between the present towns of DardaneUe and Russellville. He labored from 1855 to 1859 as synodical evangelist. He was on his way to Helena to hold a series of evangelistic meetings when he was stricken with pneumonia and died at the home of his lifelong friend, Dr. R. L. Dodge, at Little Rock, March 17, 1860.

Washburn's body rests in Mt. Holly cemetery in Little Rock. His grave is marked by a plain marble slab inscribed as follows:

"Here lies the body of Rev. Cephas Washburn who departed this life in hope of a blessed immortality, at Little Rock, Ark., March 17, 1860, in the 68th year of his age. For many years an earnest, laborious, and successful missionary among the Cherokee Indians, first in Georgia, then in Arkansas and the Indian Territory. His last years were spent in missionary work among the people of Arkansas. By his side rests the body of his son, Edward, the painter of the Arkansas Traveler, who departed this life March 27, 1860."

Sources Of Information : Mrs. Emma Black of Russellville, Ark.; Hon. D. Porter West's Early History of Pope County.

Benjamin Johnson.

Kentuckian by birth; appointed one of the three judges for the Territory of Arkansas in 1819; remained in that office till 1836 when Arkansas was admitted into the Union; immediately appointed United States district judge with the whole State for his district; held this position till his death in 1849.

The body of Judge Johnson rests in Mt. Holly cemetery. In 1850 there was erected to his memory a monument—a shaft of white marble which bears the following inscription:

"Benjamin Johnson, born A. D., 1784, died Oct. 2, A. D., 1849. Upright as a man, exemplary as a Christian, and eminent as a judge, he descended to the grave full of years, respected by his fellowmen, and mourned by a large family."

Source Of Information: Col. Ben S. Johnson of Little Rock.

Colonel T. M. Gunter.

Born in Tennessee September 18, 1826; graduated at Irving College in 1850; colonel of a regiment of Arkansas volunteers in the war; prosecuting attorney in 1866; member of congress, 1875-1883; buried in Evergreen cemetery at Fayetteville. In the center of the Gunter lot is a stone of Vermont granite erected to the family. This stone rests on a base five feet by three and is about six feet high. On this family stone is the word "Gunter," and on the plain white marble slab" at Colonel Gunter's grave is the inscription:

"Thomas Montague Gunter, born Warren, Tennessee. 1824-1004." Sources Of Information: Miss Edna Jordan of Fayetteville kindly furnished the facts about burial place; sketch was taken from Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, p. 942.

J. D. Walker.

Born in L,ogan County, Kentucky, December 13, 1830; came to Arkansas in 1847; educated in the private schools of Kentucky and at Ozark Institute in Arkansas; admitted to the bar at Fayetteville in 1850; colonel of a regiment in the Confederate army; after the war resumed law practice; was solicitor general of Arkansas but resigned and continued the practice of law; presidential elector for the State at large in 1876 and voted for Tilden; United States senator, 1879-1885.

Mr. Walker was a son-in-law of Judge David Walker of Fayetteville. His law practice was done mostly at that place. He was buried at Fayetteville in the Walker cemetery on East Mountain. As yet his grave is unmarked, but his relatives are preparing to erect a monument to his memory.

Sources Of Information: Sketch taken from Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, p. 940; facts about burial place were kindly furnished by Miss Edna Jordan of Fayetteville.

General Patrick R. Cleburne.

Born near Cork, Ireland, March 17, 1828; came to America in 1849; settled in Cincinnati, Ohio, and was engaged by a druggist; moved to Arkansas and was employed by the drug firm of Grant & Nash of Helena; later he bought out Nash and the firm became Grant & Cleburne; gave up the drug business and read law in the office of Thos. B. Hanley, being admitted to the bar in 1856; became a successful lawyer; enlisted as a private in Yell's Rifles but eventually rose to the rank of major general; had a military record of unusual brilliancy; was killed at thebattle of Franklin, Tennessee, November 30, 1864; remains were brought to Helena in 1869 by the Ladies' Memorial Association and interred in the Confederate cemetery there. His grave is marked by a monument of Carrara marble about fifteen feet high inscribed as follows:

"Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Major General, C. S. A., born in County Cork, Ireland, March 17, 1828; killed at the battle-of Franklin, Nov. 30, 1864."

In another place on the monument are these words: "Missionary Ridge," while in still another is the word "Chickamauga," and just under this is a quotation from Virginia Frazer Boyle's poem, "The Death of Cleburne." On the first stone base and underneath the first inscription given above is the quotation, "Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori."

The monument was erected by the Ladies' Memorial Association of Phillips County assisted by the men.

Sources Of Information: Sketch was taken from Hempstead's pictorial History of Arkansas, p. 889; facts about burial place furnished by

kindness of Miss Jessie Thompson, of Helena, Ark.


Governor George Izard.

Born in Charleston, South Carolina, in September, 1777. He was highly educated, his learning being obtained in Paris, France, Columbia College, New York, and in England and Germany. Appointed in 1794 as lieutenant in the United States army; appointed in the War of 1812 as colonel of the second artillery and was promoted to the position of brigadier genera! and afterwards to that of major general; appointed governor of Arkansas Territory by President Adams in 1825 and served in that capacity till his death on November 22, 1828. He was buried at first in the old cemetery where the Peabody school now stands, but was taken later to the Ashley lot in Mt. Holly cemetery by order of Colonel Ashley himself. Izard's grave is marked by a plain white tablet which is inscribed as follows:

"Here lie the remains of George Izard of South Carolina, formerly major general, United States army, late governor of Arkansas Territory, who died November 22, 1828, aged 53 years."

Sources Of Information : Sketch, Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 205-209; Shinn's School History of Arkansas, p. 97; Hallum's Biographical and Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 133-134 (which is quoted by Hallum from an article in the Gazette of March 20, 1886, written by Hon. C. B. Moore, now of Texarkana, Ark.)

William E. Woodruff, Sr.

Born on Christmas Eve Day, 1795, near Bellport, Long Island. His father died when young Woodruff was only thirteen years of age. Woodruff's maternal grandfather, William Clarke, was an American captain in the Revolutionary war. When the elder Woodruff died Mrs. Woodruff apprenticed her son to a printer for seven years at twenty dollars a year and board. The certificate of recommendation which Woodruff received from this printer at the close of the apprenticeship was' one of the things of which he was most proud.

Mr. Woodruff served in part of the War of 1812 as a private soldier. He was a contemporary and acquaintance of John and James Harper and of Captain Bonneville whom Washington Irving has immortalized. In 1817 he decided to go west. He went to Wheeling, West Virginia, where he and a companion purchased a skiff and rowed down the Ohio to where Louisville now stands. After remaining for some months he walked to Russellville, Kentucky, and then to Franklin, Tennessee. At Nashville he worked for Henry Vanpelt, the founder of the Memphis Appeal. He came to Arkansas Post in 1819 and established the Gazette. In 1821 he moved to Little Rock where he continued the Gazette, a Democratic paper of the Jacksonian type.

In 1838 he sold out his interest in the Gazette, repurchased in 1841 and sold again in 1843. In 1846 he established the Arkansas Democrat. He purchased the Gazette again in 1850 and consolidated it with the Democrat as the Gazette and Democrat. In 1853 he retired permanently from the newspaper business.

Woodruff died in Little Rock June 19, 1885. He is buried in Mt. Holly cemetery in Little Rock. No monument marks his grave but the family are preparing to erect one soon. The following children survive him: Mrs. J. N. Jabine, Mrs. Samuel S. Bell, Mrs. C. R. Vaughan, Mrs. J. A. Martin, Miss Jane Georgine Woodruff, and Chester Ashley Woodruff.

Archibald Yell.

Born in North Carolina in 1797; moved when young to Tennessee; came to Arkansas in 1832 as receiver of public moneys of the Little Rock land office but resigned in less than a year; opened a law office in Little Rock in 1833; appointed judge of the superior court in 1835; delegate to congress, 18361839; governor of Arkansas, 1840-1844; elected to congress again in 1846 but resigned soon and began raising a regiment for the Mexican War; made colonel of this regiment and was killed at the battle of Buena Vista February 23, 1847.

Governor Yell's body has had three burials. It was first buried on the battlefield where he fell, but was taken up the next summer and carried to Fayetteville and buried on what was known as the Colonel Hunt place. Here it reposed till 1872 when it was again disinterred and buried in Evergreen cemetery at Fayetteville. This grave is marked by a stone of Italian marble one inch thick over a four-sided brick column about six feet high. The epitaph reads as follows:

"Archibald Yell, born in North Carolina, August, 1797. A volunteer in the battle of New Orleans, district judge of Arkansas Territory in 1832; first member of congress from the State; Governor, 1840; elected to congress again, '44; resigned and accepted colonelcy of Arkansas volunteers for the Mexican war, 1846; killed at Buena Vista, February 22, 1847. A gallant soldier, an upright judge, a fearless advocate of popular rights, a sincere friend, an honest man."

Sources Of Information : Sketch of career, Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 287-289; Shinn's School History of Arkansas, PP- 135-136; facts about burial place were furnished by kindness of Miss Edna Jordan of Fayetteville, Ark.

David Walker.

Born in Kentucky in 1806; educational advantages poor; admitted to the bar; came to Fayetteville in 1830 and in time became the foremost lawyer of northwest Arkansas; entered politics and was successful considering the circumstances under which he labored; prosecuting attorney of the third judicial district, 18331835; one of the framers of the constitution of 1836; elected tothe senate in 1840; Whig candidate for congress against Archibald Yell in 1844 but was defeated; elected without his knowledge by the legislature in 1848 as judge of the supreme court; president of the secession convention in 1861; chief justice of the supreme court in 1866, but was driven out on account of the change of government in 1868; member of the supreme court, 1874-1878; died at Fayetteville in 1879. His grave is marked by a plain monument of Italian marble sixteen feet high resting on a stone base. The epitaph is as follows:

"David Walker, born in Kentucky, Feb. 19, 1806, died in Arkansas ' Sept. 30, 1879. After a long life of honor and usefulness he is at rest."

Sources Of Information : Reynolds' Makers of Arkansas History, pp. 138-143; Miss Edna Jordan, of Fayetteville, Ark.

Rt. Rev. Andrew Byrne.

Born in Navan, Ireland, December 5, 1802; while a student at the diocesan seminary at Navan, he volunteered to go with Bishop England to Charleston, South Carolina, where he was ordained November 11, 1827; pastor of St. Mary's at Charleston in 1850; transferred in a few years to New York where he became noted as a preacher; first bishop of the diocese of Little Rock; traveled over the State extensively and did a great work for the Catholic church; died at Helena, Arkansas, June 10, 1862, and was buried in the convent graveyard there where the body remained till November 30, 1881, when it was transferred by Bishop Fitzgerald to Little Rock and placed in a crypt under the sanctuary of St. Andrew's Cathedral. The epitaph on the tomb of Bishop Byrne is as follows:

"In pace. Prid. Kal. Dec. 1881 in hac Ecclesia deposita fuere ossa et reliquiae Andrea Byrne Primi. Petric. Episcopi novissimae Tubae vocem expectantis quae mortale hoc immortalitatem induere jubebit. Natus Navan in Hibernia III non. Dec. 1802. Consecratus Eboraci VI Id Martii 1844 functus vita Helenae in Ark. IV Id Junii 1862."

Sources Of Information: Rt. Rev. J. M. Lucey's "The Catholic Church in Arkansas," pp. 16, 17 and 23; Father P. Enright, rector of St. Andrew's Cathedral, Little Rock; Rt. Rev. J. M. Lucey, Pine Bluff; Shinn's School History of Arkansas, p. 166.


. Famous Indian chief of the Quapaw tribe. On one occasion a roving band of Chickasaws stole some children from atrapper's family. Hearing of the distress of the parents, Saracen went to them and offered to rescue the captive children. He followed the robbers and overtook them near Arkansas Post, and, unaided, sprang into their midst with his Indian war whoop and rescued the children. For this deed he has been kindly remembered by the people of Arkansas. Saracen received the Catholic missionaries sent to his people, and, after the Catholic faith was explained to them, his tribe assisted at the mass. In 1829, Saracen, then over ninety years of age, knowing that his life was almost over,came back from the Quapaw reservation in the Indian Territory to Little Rock and begged Governor Pope to allow him to spend the rest of his life on his old hunting grounds near Pine Bluff and his request was granted.

The Catholics of Pine Bluff placed a memorial window to Saracen in St. Joseph's church in 1888. The body of Saracen has also been moved from the public cemetery where it was first buried and has been placed in the Catholic cemetery at St. Joseph's church. It is the purpose of the pastor and his people to gather in their cemetery the bodies of Saracen's family and bury them by his side, though the task of finding the bodies is a most difficult one. When all the members of the family are brought together, a suitable monument will be erected to the memory of the tribe.

Source Of Information : Rt. Rev. J. M. Lucey of Pine Bluff.

Isaac Murphy.

Born in Pennsylvania in 1799; moved to Arkansas in 1834; prominent as a teacher in the northwestern part of the State about 1840; member of the legislature in 1848; settled at Huntsville in 1854; senator in 1856; delegate to the convention in 1861, being the only one to cast a vote against secession; member of Curtis' staff in 1863; entered Little Rock with General Steele; Union governor in time of the war; died in 1882 and was buried at Huntsville. His grave is marked by a plain marble headstone erected by his granddaughter, Mrs. Flora B. Cameron, of Waco, Texas. On this stone are these words:

"Isaac Murphy, born Oct. 16, 1799, died Sept. 8, 1882. 8th Gov. xif Ark. His administration was wise and economical. His trust was in God."

Sources Of Information: Shinn's School History of Arkansas, p. 195; Mr. A. Lowe, Huntsville, Ark.

Note: Mr. Lowe is a grandson of Gov. Murphy and can doubtless give any information desired concerning his life.

Joseph Brooks.

Famous for the part which he played in the Brooka-Baxter War. Prominent figure in the constitutional convention of 1868. He is buried in the family lot in Bellefontaine cemetery in St. Louis. His grave is not marked.

Sources Of Information : Hon. William G. Whipple, of Little Rock; Miss Ida Joe Brooks, of Little Rock, a daughter of the subject of this sketch.

Euas Nelson Conway.

Born at Greenville, Tennessee, May 17, 1812; moved to Arkansas in 1833; auditor of state, 1835-1849; nominated for governor in 1842 but declined the honor; governor, 1852-1860; greatly interested in internal improvements; led the fight to eradicate the evils growing out of wild cat banking in Arkansas ; died in 1892 and was buried in Mt. Holly cemetery, Little Rock. No monument marks his last resting place, hence no epitaph.

Sources Of Information: Reynolds' Makers of Arkansas History, p. 172-173; Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, p. 323; Hon. F. E. Conway of Little Rock.

Harris Flanagin.

Born in New Jersey in 1817; settled in Clark County in 1837 and began practicing law; governor, 1862-1864; died in 1874 and was buried at Arkadelphia in Rose Hill cemetery. His grave is marked by a granite monument eleven feet high and the epitaph is as follows:

"Harris Flanagin, died Oct. 23, 1874, aged 56 years, n months and 20 days."

Sources Of Information: Shinn's School History of Arkansas, p. 187; Mayor R. B. Phillips, of Arkadelphia.

Eusha Baxter.

Born in Rutherford County, North Carolina, September 1, 1827; came to Arkansas in 1852, settling at Batesville; engaged in mercantile business at Batesville in 1853 ; read law under Chancellor Fairchild and was admitted to the 'bar in 1856; elected to the legislature in 1854 and again in 1858; chief justice of the supreme court under the Murphy government in 1864; in 1868 appointed by Powell Clayton as judge of the third circuit, holding the position for four years; governor, 1872-1874; died in 1899 and was buried at Batesville. His grave is marked by a simple marble slab about four feet high inscribed as follows:

"In memory of Elisha Baxter, born Sept. I, 1827, died May 31, 1899."

Sources Of Information : Hallum's Biographical and Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 412-418 ; Dr. J. H. Kennedy of Batesville, Ark.

Robert Ward Johnson.

Born in Kentucky July 21, 1814; brought to Arkansas by his father in 1820; educated at the Indian academy near Frankfort, Kentucky, and at St. Joseph's College at Bardstown, Kentucky, from which latter institution he graduated in 1833; graduated from Yale law school in 1835 ; law partner of Samuel E. Hempstead till 1847; appointed prosecuting attorney by Governor Yell in 1840; ex-officio attorney general but resigned in 1842; congressman, 1846-1850; appointed United States senator by Governor Conway in 1853 to fill the unexpired term of Solon Borland and was elected in 1854 by the legislature; member of the provisional congress of the Confederacy ; senator in the Confederate congress all during the war ; moved to Washington City in 1868 and became the law partner of Albert Pike; returned to Little Rock in 1878 and resumed the practice of the law.

Johnson was married in 1839 to Miss Sarah F. Smith, of Louisville, Kentucky, who died in 1862; was married again in 1863 to Miss Laura Smith, sister of his first wife. He died in 1879 and was buried in Mt. Holly cemetery at Little Rock. His grave is marked by a handsome monument of marble inscribed a:; follows:

"To the memory of Robert Ward Johnson, born July 21, 1814, died July 26, 1879."

Sources Of Information : Sketch of career—Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 775-776.

Reverend Andrew Hunter.

Born in Ireland December 26, 1813; removed to York; County, Pennsylvania, and was reared there; hatter by trade; converted and came west as a missionary teacher and located among the Choctaw Indians in northwest Arkansas; licensed to preach in 1836; first sermon was preached to the Indians through an interpreter; filled every position in his conference from circuit rider up to presiding in the absence of the bishop as occurred during the war; delegate to every general conference except two which occurred during his ministerial life of sixty-six years; member of the famous general conference of 1844 which divided the church; state senator in 1866 and was made president of that body by acclamation; elected United States senator by this legislature, but was not allowed to take his seat owing to the relations then existing between the North and the South; nomination for governor was tendered him in 1873, but was declined ; superannuated by his conference at his own request after an active ministerial' life of fifty-six years.

Dr. Hunter was married to Miss Anna Maria Jones of York, Pennsylvania, who died at their home near Bryant in Saline County, Arkansas, in July, 1896, at the age of seventy-seven years.

While alighting from a street car in Little Rock on May 10, 1902, Dr. Hunter received injuries from which he never recovered; died June 10, 1902, at the home of his son, Andrew J. Hunter, 1521 State street, Little Rock; buried beside his wife Ob a lot owned by Andrew J. Hunter in Oakland cemetery, Little Rock. His grave has no mark of any kind as yet, but his friend, Rev. J. E. Caldwell of Tulip, Arkansas, has raised a fund tlrrough contribution which now awaits the orders of Dr. Hunter's children. The grave is carefully looked after by his children.

Source Of Information: Mrs. W. P. (Florence Hunter) Field of Little Rock.

Logan H. Roots.

Born in Perry County, Illinois, March 26. 1841; graduated from the State Normal Institute in 1862; chief depot commissary under General Sherman in 1864; collector of internal revenue for the first district of Arkansas in 1867; congressman, 18681871; United States marshal for the western district of Arkansas; moved to Little Rock in 1872 and engaged in financial enterprises. He was married in 1871 to Miss Emily M. Blakeslee of New York. He died in 1893 and was buried in Oakland cemetery in Little Rock. His last resting place is marked by a magnificent gray marble shaft on a quadrangular base of the same material. His epitaph is as follows:


Mar. 26, 1841, May 30, 1893. Colonel United States volunteers, 1861-5.

Department commander, Grand Army of the Republic. Member of the

Society of the Army of Tennessee, and companion Military Order

of Loyal Legion, U. S. Grand Master of Freemasons of Arkansas. Grand

High Priest of Grand Chapter. Grand Master of Grand Council. Grand Commander of Knights Templars of Arkansas.

"Loyal and true to his country, his family, friends and to Arkansas. "A servant of the Lord. Faithful unto death."

Source Of Information : Sketch of career, Hempstead's Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 813-814.

Jas. P. Eagle.

Born in Tennessee in 1837; removed with his father to Arkansas in 1839; attended college after he was thirty years of age and after going through the war; member of the legislature from Prairie County in 1873; member of the constitutional convention of 1874; representative from Lonoke County in 1877 and again in 1885, being made speaker of the house the last time; governor, 1889-1893; lieutenant colonel in the war; prominent minister of the Baptist church, being president of the Baptist State Convention from 1880 to 1905 (exactly a quarter of a century) when he declined re-election. During this period he was three times elected president of the Southern Baptist Convention, the largest and most important organization of Baptists in the world. He was especially active in furthering the educational interests of his church in Arkansas.

Governor Eagle is buried in Mt. Holly cemetery in Little Rock, by the side of his wife who preceded him only a short time. His grave is marked by one of the tallest monuments in the cemetery and the inscription reads:

"Jas. P. Eagle, born Aug. 10, 1837, died Dec. 19, 1904. The separation was short. Willingly I come to dwell forever with thee in our home above."

Sources Of Information : Sketch of career—Shinn's School History of Arkansas, pp. 254-255; Vol. I, Pub. Ark. Hist. Ass'n., p. 152.

Matthew Lyon.

Born in 1746 in Ireland; removed to the State of New York and later to Vermont where he was congressman, 1797-1801; said to have cast the deciding vote in the contest between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr in 1800; had a son, Crittenden, who at one time represented Kentucky in the congress of the United States; defeated for delegate to congress in 1821 by James Woodson Bates; expelled from congress by the Federalists for an alleged violation of the alien and sedition laws; finally appointed to a government position at Spadra Bluff, Arkansas, where he died in August, 1822, and was buried. His grave is unmarked and correspondence with parties who live near the place reveals the sad fact that but few persons could point out the exact spot of his burial.

Sources Of Information: Pope's Early Days in Arkansas, p. 26; Shinn's School History of Arkansas, p. 85; Gazette article by J. H. Shinn in volume for 1907 on Lyon.

Governor John Pope.

John Pope was born in Virginia. His grandfather, Thomas Pope, was the father of Washington's mother. Governor Pope was educated at William and Mary College at Williamsburg, Virginia, from which institution he graduated with the highest honors. After he had finished the literary course he completed the law course with the same record he had made for scholarship in the literary department. He located in Lexington, Kentucky, in 1794 and began a brilliant career both as a lawyer and as a politician. He represented Shelby County in the legislature in 1802; removed to Fayette and represented this county in the session of 1806-7; colleague of Henry Clay in this session and of William Russell, who announced the death of John Breckinridge to the house of representatives. He was secretary of state under Governor Slaughter. He was United States senator from 1807 to 1813; defeated for re-election in 1813 on account of his opposition to the War of 1812; nominee of the Federalist party in 1816 against Henry Clay, being defeated in the hardest political fight of his life by the narrow majority of ten votes. Pope was state senator from Washington County, Kentucky, 1825-1829; appointed governor of Arkansas Territory by President Jackson and served till 1835 when he returned to Kentucky and represented his district in congress from 1837 to 1843.

Pope and John Quincy Adams were related, having married sisters, and belonged to the same political party; but owing to personal admiration for Jackson, Pope refused to support Adams for .president in 1828; and to reward his faithfulness Jackson appointed him governor of Arkansas.

Pope is one of the few who enjoyed the distinction of representing three different counties in the legislature of Kentucky at different times. He had an arm cut off in a mill when a boy, which fact is said to have been his reason for adopting the law as a profession.

Pope died and was buried at Springfield, Kentucky, where his grave is marked by a shaft of white marble about twenty feet high on which is this inscription:

"The Hon. John Pope, born in Prince William - County, Va., Feb. 1773, died in Washington County, Ky., July 12, 1845. Member of the U. S. senate, governor of Arkansas and representative in congress. He was alike distinguished as a profound jurist, a brilliant orator, and enlightened statesman; while his Roman dignity of character, his sterling integrity and truthfulness and his many private virtues threw the loftier halo of his respect and love over the stirring scenes of his public life."

Sources Of Information : Reynolds' Makers of Arkansas History, pp. 121-123! Hallum's Biographical and Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 163-170; Evening Gazette (Lexington, Ky.) of Sept. 27, 1907; Hon. John W. Lewis of Springfield, Ky. It is likely that valuable information could be secured from Hon. W. C. McCord and W. Scott Mays, Esq., both of Springfield, Ky.

James Woodson Bates

Born in Virginia in 1788; graduated at Princeton in 1810; studied law and went to St. Louis in 1816; removed to Arkansas Post in 1819 and set up a law office; elected in 1819 as Arkansas' first delegate to congress, was re-elected again in 1821, but was defeated by Henry W. Conway in 1823; moved to the new town of Batesville (which was named for him) and began practicing law there; appointed in 1825 by President Jackson as a judge of the superior court of the Territory of Arkansas; moved to Crawford County about 1829 and, marrying a wealthy widow, settled on a large plantation below Van Buren; was a member of the constitutional convention of 1836; afterwards registrar of the land office at Clarksville. He was a brother of Edward Bates, Lincoln's attorney general.

Bates died in 1846 and was buried on what is known as the Moore farm in Sebastian County just across the river from Van Buren. His grave is unmarked.

Sources Of Information : Shinn's School History of Arkansas, pp. 84-85; Hallum's Biographical and Pictorial History of Arkansas, pp. 135137; Mr. J. E. Lark of Van Buren. After the above was written a very excellent account of the career of Bates reached the writer in the way of an article in the Arkansas Intelligencer (Van Buren) of Jan. 16, 1847. This was furnished through the kindness of Miss Clara B. Eno of Van Buren. There is some difference in the accounts given by the authorities, but the differences are not material, so no change was made on the receipt of the copy of the Intelligencer, though it is a good article.

Hon. D. W. Moore of Van Buren is a relative of Bates and would doubtless answer any questions addressed to him.

Colonel Frederick Notrebe. .

Came to Arkansas from France about 1810 and settled at Arkansas Post. He was an officer under Napoleon during the Consulate. He devoted his attention to farming after he came to Arkansas County and was a wealthy planter. His daughter, Miss Francine Notrebe, became the wife of William Cummins.

Notrebe died and was buried at Arkansas Post, but the caving of the river's bank has long since carried away the last trace of his grave.