7th Arkansas Infantry
Source Arkansas History 1906
The Seventh Arkansas Infantry was mustered into the Confederate
army with the following field and staff officers: Robert G. Shaver, colonel
; William R. Cain, lieutenant colonel at organization, but afterwards
John M. Dean became lieutenant colonel; James J. Martin, major; Jack
Horn, adjutant; H. C. Tunsell, sergeant major; William Atillo, quartermaster
; John D. Spriggs, commissary; Ben Adler, wagonmaster; Jenifer
T. Spriggs, ordnance sergeant.
The different companies of the regiment were commanded by John
C. McCauley, of White County, senior captain; George B. Orme, of
Jackson County, second senior captain; Joseph H. Martin, of Randolph
County, third senior captain; and Captains Deason, of Izard County;
M. Van Shaver, of Pulton County; John H. Dye, of the "Pike Guards";
Warner, of Lawrence County; Wm. Blackburn, of Marion County;
Mellon, of Randolph County; and Brightwell, of Independence
The regiment was organized at Smithville, Lawrence County, June
16, 1861; went into camp at Camp Shaver, near Pocahontas, Randolph
County, with 1,250 men on the muster rolls. It was the first regiment
drilled and disciplined by General Hardee, after its transfer to the Confederate
service, and was the nucleus on which he formed his first brigade,
which consisted of the second and third Confederate; the fifth,
sixth, seventh and eighth Arkansas regiments, and McCarver's regiment,
with McCown's battery.
The seventh regiment was in the battles of Shiloh, April 6 and 7,
1862; Perryville, Kentucky, October 8, 1862; Murfreesboro, December 31,
1862, and January 2, 1863; Chickamauga, September 19 and 20, 1863;
Missionary Ridge, November 23, 24 and 25, 1863; Ringgold Gap, November
27, 1863; Resaca, May 29, 1864; Pickett's Mill, May 26, 1864; New
Hope Church, May 29, 1864; Kennesaw Mountain, June 17 to July 3,
1864; Peach Tree Creek, July 20, 1864; Atlanta, Tuly 22 and 28, 1864;
Ezra Church, July 28, 1864; Jonesboro, August 31, 1864; Franklin, November
30, 1864; Nashville, December 15, 1864; and Bentonville, the last
battle of the war, March 19, 1865.
At Shiloh the regiment earned the sobriquet of "The Bloody Seventh"
bestowed upon them by General Hardee in person on the battlefield for
their gallant storming of Prentiss' lines, causing him to surrender, and by
this name they were ever afterwards known.
There was not a battle nor a skirmish by the army of Tennessee, but
that they bore in it their full share.
The seventh went into the war with 1,250 men on its muster rolls,
decimated from its losses that it was consolidated with the sixth. After
the battle of Franklin, at roll call, only 45 men answered to their names
out of the two regiments combined.
At Peach Tree Creek, the regiment was nearly wiped out, and at
Bentonville, the second, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth regiments had
become so depleted that they were all consolidated into one regiment, and
barely made a good-sized regiment then.
The Seventh went into the war with 1,250 men on its muster rolls,
and came out with 150, of whom probably not more than 100 are now
After the evacuation of Corinth, while at Tupelo, Mississippi, Colonel
Shaver was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department, and in that
department raised another regiment, which he commanded to the close
of the war.