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Placer County, California Genealogy Trails
The Placer Guard
Submitted to Genealogy Trails by Robin Yonash

   The Placer Guard was a California Militia unit mustered into service at Iowa Hill in Placer County, California on 19 October 1861 under Captain John P. Kavanaugh. The Guard disbanded a year later, in October 1862.

The unit designation is unclear. One document at the California State Archives says the Guard was Company C of the 4th Infantry Battalion, but doesn’t list any higher elements in the chain of command. The announcement of the formation of the Guard on 26 September 1861 says 2nd Brigade, 4th Division. Neither of the Muster Rolls gives the Company or Battalion; the 19 October 1861 Muster Roll says it was in the 4th Brigade, 1st Division and the 6 September 1862 Rolls says 2nd Brigade, 4th Division. The Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of California 1862 says it was in the 4th Brigade, but the State Archives summary says 2nd Brigade, 4th Division. A list of California State Militia Civil War Units on Wikipedia puts other nearby units in the 4th Brigade. So the Placer Guard was either:

   - Company C, 4th Infantry Battalion, 4th Brigade, 1st Division or

   - Company C, 4th Infantry Battalion, 2nd Brigade, 4th Division

The Placer Guard was considered by the Governor, Leland Stanford, to be in service to the US War Department as part of the fighting force for the Union in the Civil War under the 22 July 1861 Act of Congress calling for five hundred thousand volunteers. However, the Guard was never called up.

The Muster Roll taken 19 October 1861, with remarks from the 6 September 1862 Muster Roll, shows the following members. As noted, some left the area or were withdrawn from the Company during the year the Guard was operational. The Guard mustered in with 71 members; 59 remained 11 months later.





Joined for Service
No. Name Rank When Where Remarks
(6 Sep 1862 Roll)
Kavanaugh, John P. Captain Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Lawrence, William D. 1st Lt. Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Carrier, John B. Sr. 2nd Lt. Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Varnum, J. B. Jr. 2nd Lt. Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Lyon, W. B. 1st Sgt. Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Treasure, William 2nd Sgt. Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Van Vactor, William 3rd Sgt. Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Tobin, William 4th Sgt. Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Bennett, Olney 1st Corp. Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Stevens, P. B. 2nd Corp. Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Rand, Thomas R. 3rd Corp. Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Curtis, Byron 4th Corp. Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Ladd, H. C. Treasurer Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Allen, L. J. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Left the State
Arnold, Moses Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Ault, A. J. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Barney, J. N. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Barrett, Adams Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Baumgardner, Jacob Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Baumgardner, William Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Bennett, William Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Blackburn, Isaac Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Bounds, J. W. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Left the County
Boyden, A. L. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Withdrawn from Company
Bubb, Jacob Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Burns, Joseph Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Burns, Patrick Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Chubb, A. B. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Cole, A. P. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Collier, James W. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Left the County
Cooke, William S. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Cooper, Seth H. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Dabney, W. E. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Dean, J. C. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Dods, Henry Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Dudley, Charles C. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Eiszler, John Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Evans, W. P. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Ferrier, G. M. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Gamble, Amos Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Gray, D. H. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Ingols, E. F. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Jacobs, J. M. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Left the County
Keefe, Patrick Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Kehoe, Patrick Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Left the County
Kingston, Thomas Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Langdon, Giles Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Left the State
Latam, A. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Luce, G. W. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Mattox, H. A. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
McLaughlin, A. G. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Mulligan, John Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Myrick, J. W. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Withdrawn from Company
Nahor, A. H. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Norton, G. V. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Peoples, J. J. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Phelps, E. A. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Left the State
Rutherford, John Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Sharrett, William A. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Sheridan, James Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Left the State
Sibley, P. H. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Smith, N. T. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Sprague, G. A. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Stone, P. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Sullivan, J. L. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Sullivan, P. C. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Sylvester, H. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Left the County
Taylor, John Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co. Left the County
Trask, E. M. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
West, Jacob Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.
Wood, J. L. Private Oct 19th Iowa Hill, Placer Co.


In addition, the Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of California 1862 shows Privates Barnes, J. and Babb, J. who are not listed above. Bounds, J. W. is also listed although the Muster Roll indicates that he had left the County.

Sources:
California State Archives: see http://cdn.calisphere.org/data/13030/x1/tf0r29n3x1/files/tf0r29n3x1.pdf for a list of the materials reviewed at the Archives office

Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of California 1862, page 131, accessed online at http://books.google.com/books?id=DBVAAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA131&ots=iadHviZpFx&dq=%22John%20P.%20Kavanaugh%22%20%22iowa%20hill%22&pg=PA131#v=onepage&q=%22John%20P.%20Kavanaugh%22%20%22iowa%20hill%22&f=false
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