See also Bios for the Representative Women of Colorado
GUY URBAN HARDY (1872-1947)
HARDY, Guy Urban, a Representative from Colorado; born in Abingdon, Knox County, Ill., April 4, 1872; attended the public schools, Albion Normal College, Albion, Ill., and Transylvania University, Lexington, Ky.; taught school in Illinois and Florida 1890-1893; moved to Canon City, Colo., in 1894; editor and publisher of the Canon City Daily and Weekly Records since 1895; postmaster of Canon City from June 5, 1900, to July 30, 1904; president of the National Editorial Association in 1918 and 1919; elected as a Republican to the Sixty-sixth and to the six succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1919-March 3, 1933); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1932 to the Seventy-third Congress; resumed his former publishing pursuits in Canon City, Colo., and resided there until his death on January 26, 1947; interment in Greenwood Cemetery. [Source: "Biographical Directory of U.S. Congress"]
This firm of extensive, enterprising and progressive ranch and cattle men, who are prominent in every line of life in Routt county and looked upon as among its most representative and useful citizens, is composed of Louis and William Hemmerlee, natives of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the former born on October 2, 1857, and the latter on February 7, 1868. They are the sons of Francis P. and Theresa Hemmerlee, who were born and reared in Germany, and who located at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on coming to this country, and there the father died on August 11, 1881. He was a prosperous butcher and meat merchant in that city, a Democrat in politics and a man of earnest and valued activity in the business and political life of the community. The mother is now living at Canon City, this state. Of their family, seven are living, William, Louis, Andrew, Mollie, Tillie, Sophie and Theresa. Louis and William were educated in the public schools and came to Colorado in the spring of 1874, locating at Canon City, where they remained until 1897. William was for many years engaged in riding the range in the service of the Reynolds and the Boston Land Cattle companies, and afterward had charge of the interests of the Pucha Park Land and Cattle Company. In 1897 he and his brother purchased their present ranch of six hundred and forty acres, the greater part of which is under vigorous cultivation, in the Yampa valley. Here they carry on an extensive ranching and stock industry, their cattle being principally well-bred Herefords. They raise large quantities of first-class hay with some grain. Their land is well watered and has a profitable variety of soil. It is pleasantly located, and the valuable improvements they have made on it aid in making it one of the most valuable and attractive ranches in this part of the county. William was married on June 7, 1899 to Miss Mabel Laughlin, a native of Colorado Springs, this state. In politics he is a stanch Democrat, and in fraternal life a member of the order of Elks, holding his membership in Lodge No. 610 at Canon City.
On his arrival in Colorado Louis became connected with the butchering trade and for some time supplied meat under contract to the state penitentiary at Canon City. He is also a Democrat and a member of the Elk’s lodge at Canon City. On December 17, 1885, he united in marriage with Miss Anna Grant, a native of Peoria, Illinois. They have two sons, Andrew G and Francis. The name of this firm is a familiar as a household word throughout Routt county, and the brothers are everywhere well esteemed for the uprightness of their lives, their uniform fair dealing with all men, their business capacity and enterprise and their active serviceable interest in the public affairs of their section of the state. [Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Marilyn Clore]
JAMES HAMILTON PEABODY (1852-1917)
James Hamilton Peabody, Colorado's 13th governor, was born in Topsham, Vermont, on August 21, 1852. He was educated in the public schools of Vermont, and attended the Bryant and Stratton Commercial Colleges at Barre and Burlington, Vermont. In 1875 Peabody moved to Denver, and worked in a mercantile business, in which he later became the manager and sole owner. He entered politics as county clerk of Fremont County, an office he held from 1885 to 1889. He was one of the organizers and president of the First National Bank and the Electric Light Company of Canon City. Peabody also served Canon City as treasurer for two years, mayor for two years, and city councilman for two years. He won the 1902 Republican gubernatorial nomination, and was elected Governor of Colorado. During his tenure, he dealt with a succession of labor strikes. The key controversial issues were the miners' wages and the acknowledgment of the labor unions. These difficulties extended to the Cripple Creek strike in 1903, the coal strike of November 1903, and the Reduction Mill employees strike in 1904. Whenever necessary, Peabody would call out the National Guard to restore peace and reconcile the strike. The strikes resulted in the establishment of an eight-hour workday and the breakup of the Western Federation of Miners. Peabody ran for reelection in 1904, and lost to Alva Adams, but the election was contested amid allegations of voter fraud. The predominately Republican legislature declared Peabody had won, but a condition was attached that he resign immediately after taking the oath of office. Peabody served one day, and was succeeded by Republican Lieutenant Governor Jesse F. McDonald. With that, Colorado earned the dubious distinction of having three different governors in one day. Retiring from public service, Governor James H. Peabody died on November 23, 1917, and is buried at the Greenwood Cemetery, Canon City, Colorado. [Source: Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 1, Westport, Conn.; Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols.]
JAMES HAMILTON PEABODY
Born at Topsham, Orange county, Vermont, August 21, 1852. His father was Calvin Peabody, farmer, born at Salem, Massachusetts, May 26, 1798, died at Pueblo, Colorado, April 22, 1879. His mother was Susan Lucinda Turner, born at Tunbridge, Vermont, March 16, 1828, the daughter of Charles and Lucinda Turner.
The first of the house to arrive in America was Lieutenant Francis Peabody, born in 1614. He was a resident of St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England. He was one of the leaders of a band of sturdy colonist who left the mother country to found a new nation in the land of promise over seas.
When twenty years of age Mr. Peabody left his native state and came to Colorado, reaching Denver October 20, 1872. He entered the mercantile business immediately, and in 1874 formed a partnership under the firm name of Peabody Brothers, dry goods merchants. The next year, 1875, he went to Canon City, becoming associated with James McClelleand in the dry goods and clothing business. Under his direction the business prospered so that in 1878 he was able to buy out his partner's interest. Thenceforth until 1885 it was continued under the firm name of James H. Peabody and Company. In that year he disposed of his mercantile interests and organized the First National Bank of Canon City. He was elected president of the institution and continued at its head until 1908, when his extensive business interests in Denver demanding his entire time, he disposed of his bank stock and retired from its management.
While Governor Peabody is more widely known through his connection with politics, and his service to community and state in various offices, he has also a splendid name as one of the prominent business men of the state. A partial list of his activities in a business way shows the active and intelligent interest he took in the development and growth of the cities in which he has lived. He organized the Canon City Water Works Company and was its secretary until the plant was sold to the city. He also organized the Canon City Electric Light & Power Company and was its president until it was sold to the Colorado Light & Power Company.
While Governor Peabody has been essentially a business man, he has always taken an active interest in politics and the business of government. Shortly after he went to Canon City he was made city clerk, and two years later, in 1880, he was made city treasurer. From 1882 to 1890 he served as a city alderman, and during part of that time, from 1885 to 1889 he was county clerk and recorder of Fremont county. The esteem in which he was held by his fellow townsmen is evideneed[sic] by the fact that concurrently with his other positions he served as president of the school board from 1883 to 1890.
For an interval of several years he retired from politics to devote himself entirely to his increasing business affairs, but in 1898 his neighbors again called upon him and he was made mayor of Canon City. He served for two terms and was still in that office when the republican state convention, meeting at Denver in 1902, named him to head their ticket in the general elections of that year, and he was triumphantly elected governor, although in 1900 the democratic candidate had received a majority of about 15,000 votes.
Shortly after his induction into office labor troubles, which had been brewing for some time, broke out at Cripple Creek, Clear Creek, Telluride and the southern coal fields in Las Animas county. Business became unsettled and numerous out ranges were perpetrated. In his determination to preserve order General Peabody ordered the national guard into the field in the several districts and kept them there until the end of the troubles. At the conclusion of his first term he received a renomination from his party and won re-election at the polls after showing to the satisfaction of the entire state that thousands of fraudulent votes had been counted against him in Denver county.
Governor Peabody's part in the memorable contest which he waged at that time for the preservation of an undefiled ballot, won for him the grateful commendation of all right thinking people. It was Governor Peabody's action which broke up the long-existing crooked election conspirators and landed more than a score of them behind prison bars. Since the election of 1904 an honest count has been the rule in Denver.
After receiving his certificate of election from the legislature Governor Peabody resigned the office on March 17, 1905. Since that time he has devoted himself to his business interests.
Governor Peabody was married March 19, 1878, to Frances Lilian Clelland, daughter of James Clelland of Canon City. They have one son and two daughters: James Clelland Peabody, Cora May Peabody and Jessie Anne Peabody.
Governor Peabody is a member of the Denver club.
In the Masonic order, Governor Peabody has long been an active member, has filled every election office in both subordinate and grand bodies; has been a member of the jurisprudence committee of the grand lodge for a period of twenty-five years and is a thirty-third degree inspector general honorary of the Scottish rite.
[Source: Sketches of Colorado, William Columbus Ferril, 1911, transcribed by J.S.]
A native of Illinois, born on March 14, 1831, and reared on a farm in that state, then going at the age of twenty-one to Iowa and for six years farming the productive soil of that state and following this with four years of the same occupation in Nebraska, when he came to Colorado in 1862, Thomas Virden, of Mesa county, was well prepared for the business of farming and raising stock in which he is now profitably engaged. And he was also thoroughly imbued with the spirit of the West and, ready for any phase of life it might lay before him, having had experience in a variety of pursuits particularly incident to the state of this country at the time of and for years after his arrival here. His parents were William and Martha (Williamson) Virden, the former a native of Delaware and the latter of New Jersey. The father was by occupation a farmer, and followed that line of useful industry in native state, Kentucky, Illinois and Iowa. In the last named state he died in 1863, aged sixty-seven years. His widow survived him thirty-three years, dying in Iowa in 1886, at the age of ninety-four. Their offspring numbered nine, Thomas being the ninth. He remained in his native state and on the paternal homestead until he was twenty-one years old, then went to Iowa, where he was engaged in farming six years, and by industry and capacity he made his work profitable. At the end of the period named he moved to Nebraska where he remained four years farming and carrying the mails. Deciding then that there was greater opportunities for him in the farther West, he came to Colorado, and settling at Denver, then a small but promising city, he conducted a flourishing freighting business between that place and Omaha for five years. He next located in Fremont county, this state, and turned his attention to farming and raising stock, which he continued for about fifteen years in that county, then moved to Ouray county, where he was occupied in the same industry until 1888, at which time he moved to where he now lives, and where he has developed and improved his property into a fine ranch and his business into one of large proportions and profitable returns. Wherever he has lived Mr. Virden has taken an earnest interest in public affairs and rendered good service to his district and county. He was assessor of Fremont county in 1872, and when the Indian outbreak occurred he volunteered as a member of the Third Colorado Regiment and was for one hundred days in the war that was waged against the savages, taking part in several contests, among them the battle of Sand creek, in which the whites lost one hundred men and the Indians five hundred. Mr. Virden was married in 1867 to Miss Emma Strong, of Shellsburg, Iowa, and they have had three children, Minnie and Walter, who are living, and Frank, who died at the age of eighteen. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)
S. D. WINBURN
Passing the evening of life in retirement from active business, and in peace after many conflicts, in comfort after many hardships and privations with an estate that assures him a competence and which he wrested from obdurate conditions and by continued and well applied industry and frugality, S. D. Winburn, of Cortez, Montezuma county, can look back over his long and active career with the satisfaction of having never faltered at the call of duty or shirked a responsibility that was properly his. In addition to the struggles incident to making his way unassisted in the world through the channels of peaceful industry; he has had his share of trial and danger in the fields of more strenuous endeavor, where in the midst of unrolling columns in the din of battle he dared death in defense of convictions or in protection of whole communities from the cruelty of savage fury. For he is a veteran of the Civil war on the southern side and followed the flag of his section from Sumter to Appomattox, fighting much of the time under the direct commands of the great military leader of “the lost cause;” and afterward he was an active participant in the wars with the Indians in this state after the strife between the sections was ended. Mr. Winburn is a native of North Carolina, born in 1833, and the son of Cornelius and Tabitha (Hendricks) Winburn, also natives of that state. He was reared and educated in his native place, and there learned the trade of a carpenter. When the Civil war began he followed his convictions into the service of the Confederacy, and remained in the Southern army until the war was over. In 1866 he moved to Missouri, and soon afterward crossed the plains with a mule train from St. Joseph to Denver. In 1867 he located at Pueblo and wrought at his trade for a few years, then bought a ranch and engaged in farming until 1873. At that time he returned to Pueblo and during the next two years was again employed at his trade. In 1875 he went back to his ranch, and after several years of earnest application in improving and farming it, spent a year at Rosita. In 1884 he sold his ranch and after remaining a short time at Mancos moved into the Montezuma valley and took up the ranch which he now owns four miles from Cortez. His land is very productive and yields abundant crops of grain and hay; and on it he supports a large band of well bred horses, always keeping the standard high and his stock in excellent condition. In addition to his farming land he owns one hundred and sixty acres which he took under a timber claim. Recently he retired from active business and turned his land and stock over to the management of his sons, and he is now living at the town of Cortez, respected by all his fellow citizens, and with the force of his example and the influence of his personal presence and the wisdom acquired in his long and active life still effective in the community. He was married in Fremont county, this state, in 1876 to Miss Mollie Baldridge, a native of Missouri. They have five children, all sons, Edward, Richard, Walter, Lee and George. [Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Nancy Overlander]
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