Genealogy Trails - Finding Ancestors wherever their trails lead

Saguache County Colorado
History and Genealogy
Part of the Genealogy Trails History Group

 

Biographies



THOMAS MIRL ALEXANDER
Well established in the confidence and esteem of his fellow citizens of Saguache county, who have recently crowned his twelve years of useful labor and elevated citizenship among them with a convincing proof of their regard by electing him to represent them in the lower house of the state legislature, and with a large body of property which yields a comfortable income and enables him to take an active interest in several of the leading industries of the state and devote the forces of his well trained and energetic mind to the welfare of the people, fate would seem to have in store for Thomas M. Alexander a career of unusual credit and benefit to the state. If health and strength serve him for the purpose, and his desire for it continues, there can scarcely be any question of his remaining in public life and occupying even more honorable positions in the future than he has in the past. For he has worthily met the requirements of his utmost duty so far, and as it is one of his strong characteristics to do all the time and everywhere, his public services will continue to be valuable and appreciated. Mr. Alexander was born at Prospect, Butler county, Pennsylvania, on October 11, 1853, the son of Robert D. and Martha M. (Ferguson) Alexander, who were also natives of that state and passed their lives within its borders. The father farmed and raised live stock successfully and profitably, and was a man of prominence in his county, filling several official positions there from time to time, and making a good record for capacity and fidelity in each. He was a Republican in politics and he and his wife belonged to the United Presbyterian church. Eight children were born of their union, of whom Thomas M. is the only one living. The father died on December 8, 1878, and the mother on November 11, 1881. The son received a good education in the district schools and at the Western Academy, in his native county. He remained at home until he reached the age of twenty years, then turned his attention to drilling in the oil fields of Pennsylvania, and after four months of varying success in searching for the unctuous fluid which was one of the money-making profits of the period, he came west on May 7, 1873, and located in Carroll county, Missouri. Here he taught school during the winter and worked on a farm during the summer until the spring of 1881, then went to Franklin county, Kansas, and bought a farm which he worked two years and then sold it. In the spring of 1884 he purchased another farm of three hundred and twenty acres in Coffey county, that state, and this he still owns. In 1889 he came to Colorado for the benefit of his health, and also in search of a suitable location for a permanent residence in this part of the country in case he should find it necessary or desirable to remain. After traveling through his and other western states until 1892, he selected Saguache county, Colorado, as the most advantageous situation for his welfare, and bought a ranch of three hundred and sixty acres of tillable land eight miles southeast of the county seat, to the operation and improvement of which he at once began to devote his attention. His excellent judgment as a farmer and his good taste in the matter of improvements are shown by the present condition of the place, which is one of the most productive and attractive country homes in the county. The ranch is supplied with water from four artesian wells, is all well fenced, and has a full complement of first rate buildings covering every requirement for the extensive ranching and stock business which is carried on there. From his advent in the county Mr. Alexander has taken a very active and intelligent part in its public affairs. He has served as county assessor since the first of 1900, having been elected to the office on the Republican ticket in the fall of 1899. On November 8, 1904, he was elected a county representative in the state legislature as the candidate of the same party, having demonstrated his capacity and especial fitness for public service in his prior office. From 1896 to 1904 he was also engaged in saw-milling on an extensive scale, but sold this branch of his business in the year last named. He is interested in the Steele Canyon Mining, Milling and Investment Company and the Saguache Home Mining Company, and gives to the affairs of each a goodly share of his attention. Being an earnest and far-seeing friend of the cause of public education, he has done much to promote the good of the school system in the county, both by wise counsel and active efforts in its behalf. His home is in the town of Saguache, but no part of the county escapes his attention or is without the benefit of his active and serviceable interest. Starting with but little capital, he has so managed his affairs and worked his opportunities that he is now one of the substantial and influential men of the county and one of the most energetic promoters of every element of its progress and development. From the serious business of life he takes frequent recreation in hunting and fishing, of which he is passionately fond and at which he is skillful and successful. He is practically a self-made man and entitled on personal merit to the general esteem in which he is held and the universal popularity which he enjoys. In fraternal life he is a valued member of the order of Elks and the Odd Fellows, and in the latter he has passed all the chairs in his lodge. On January 16, 1877, he was joined in marriage with Miss Elizabeth J. Kemble, a native of Youngstown, Ohio. They have had eight children. Of these one daughter named Jeannette is dead, and the following are living: Robert E., Joseph W., Thomas G., Elsie L., Sarah L., James A. and Myrtle M. Mrs. Alexander is a lady of accomplishments and great energy. She takes a prominent part in social life in and around the city, and is an active worker in the interests of the Baptist church, of which she has long been a member. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)


BRAINARD HAWTHORN ALLSWORTH

Brainard Hawthorn Allsworth, superintendent of the consolidated school at Center, Saguache county, was born at Lyndon, Kansas, May 13, 1886, and is a son of Brainard Whittier and Nancy Ellen (Porter) Allsworth, the former a native of New Castle, Pennsylvania, and the latter of Crawfordsville, Indiana. His early education was obtained in the rural schools of Otero county, Colorado, after which he attended the La Junta high school, from which he was graduated in 1904. He was graduated from the Colorado State Normal School in 1908, and in Alden, also of Plymouth colony. On May 24, 1899, at Castle Rock, Colorado, Mr. Wood was married to Miss Lillian Conant, who was born and reared at that place, and they are the parents of a daughter, Rachel Corning Wood. [History of Colorado, 1927]


WILLIAM THOMAS ASHLEY
A native of Kentucky, and inheriting the hardihood, courage, love of adventure and resourcefulness of the people of that state, William Thomas Ashley, of Saguache county, was well fitted by nature and training for the pioneer life in which he was obliged to take a part on his arrival in this state in 1865, and  his career in the midst of hardships and dangers here, and the success he has achieved from trying and for a time unresponsive conditions, give proof that he did not choose unwisely either in the place or the line of his activity.  His life began in Crittenden county, of the Blue Grass state, on May 11, 1846, and he remained there until 1860, attending the public schools and working on his father’s farm.  In 1869 he accompanied his parents, Samuel and Mary B. Ashley, the former a native of Tennessee and the latter of Kentucky, to Missouri, and he lived at home in that state until 1865, completing his education in the common schools and learning new features of the agricultural life begotten of the changed conditions around him.  In 1865 the family crossed the plains to Colorado, making the trip with mule and ox teams and being three months on the way.  There were seven hundred men and three hundred and sixty-five wagons in the train, and although it was savagely attacked by Indians, the whole party escaped without serious mishap.  After his arrival in this state Mr. Ashley took up what is now known as the Marold ranch in Saguache county, and from that time to this he has been extensively engaged in ranching and raising cattle in that county.  He owns at present four thousand acres of good land, one-half of which is fully irrigated and under cultivation, the rest at this time is devoted to grazing, and supports generously the large herds of cattle which form one of the staple products of the place.  Hay is raised extensively and grain and other farm products in good quantities.  Cattle have, however, been from the first the main reliance of this enterprising grower, and he has often had as many as four thousand heat at one time, in fact, being considered the most extensive cattle owner in the San Luis Valley.  He has, with characteristic enterprise, kept pace with the spirit of modern progress in his business, and also in the matter of improvements on his ranch.  His dwelling is a modern brick house of good proportions and attractive appearance, and his barns are commodious, well built, conveniently arranged and furnished with everything needed for carrying on the work of the place according to the most approved methods and with a view to the best results.  The whole place is well fenced, and every feature of its various interests is looked after with care and good judgment of an excellent farmer and a progressive and far-seeing owner.  In the public affairs of the county Mr. Ashley has always taken an active interest and a leading part.  He served as a county commissioner from 1884 to 1890, and again from 1893 to 1895.  He is prominent and influential in the councils of the Democratic party, and following its fortunes from strong conviction and without desire for the honors of official life.  The ranch is six miles southeast of the county seat in a region of great present productiveness and future possibilities.  On January 21, 1880, Mr. Ashley was joined in wedlock with Miss Emma Scandrett, a native of Greene county, Illinois, and a daughter of William T. and Malinda Scandrett, an account of whose lives will be found on another page, in the sketch of their son, Charles A. Scandrett. Mr. and Mrs. Ashley have had three children, of whom one died in infancy and Mrs. Ralph Shellabarger and Thomas C. are living.  Mr. Ashley is a self-made man, and has been largely the architect of his own fortune, and that too has been erected on a solid basis of strong character, upright motives and generous aspirations, and built by persistent effort, good judgment and excellent business capacity.  He is widely known throughout Saguache and the surrounding counties, and is everywhere held in the highest esteem as a representative man and a very useful and progressive citizen. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Richard Ramos)


ALONZO LAFAYETTE BAKER
With all our stirring activity in this country, and our immense flexibility of movement, ease of transportation at this time and mighty achievements in all departments of science, mechanics and the arts, and the unaccounted shades of variety in occupation, enjoyment and condition which they give, we look upon life as commonplace and scarcely realize that we are writing history with a heroic pen and building enduring memorials as landmarks of time, so little impression do the events and accomplishments of our fugitive days make upon us until they can be viewed in a proper perspective and show forth their relative weight and magnitude. Yet what may properly be called the heroic age in any portion of our land, that period which now seems remote because of the rush rather than the lapse of time, wherein the wilderness was opened in settlement and the foundations of its civilization were laid, is always pregnant with interest and full of salutary lessons, notwithstanding the short audience the present always gives to the past. The story of the pioneers, though often told, is never exhausted; and not yet has appeared the genius who can properly write its poetry, although each age is bringing us nearer to the full utterance of that stately epic. To this heroic age belonged, in greater or less degree, most of those whose lives and deeds are recorded in these pages. Among them Alonzo L. Baker, of Saguache county, this state, must be named with due consideration and respect, for he has been a pioneer in more than one state and has confronted and conquered the wilds amid widely differing circumstances. Mr. Baker was born in Fulton county, Illinois, on February 12, 1846. His parents, Nathan W. and Permelia (Wilson) Baker, came into life practically on the frontier, the former being a native of Ohio and the latter of Kentucky, and born at a time when both states were new and undeveloped. They have lived in Ohio, Illinois and Iowa, since their marriage, and now reside at South Haven, Kansas. The father is a graduate of the Ohio State University, but has passed the whole of his life since leaving school in farming and raising stock, except the time passed by him as a Union soldier, and member of the Eighty-third Illinois Infantry, during the Civil war. Because of a disability which precluded him from active service in the field, his military service was rendered as a clerk in a hospital. The following children of the family are living, James, Charles, Alonzo L., William, George L., Mary and Hattie. The parents and many of the children are members of the Christian church. Alonzo attended the common schools near his home at short and irregular intervals, and remained at home working with his parents until he reached the age of twenty-five. In 1872 he went to California, where he spent two years in ranch work, and then, after a visit of a few months at his Iowa home, caught the infection of the Black Hills gold fever and journeyed to that promising region, determined to reach it whatever obstacles might interpose. He was obliged to go on foot the long distance between Fort Pierre, as it was then, and the Hills, and arrived at Deadwood after many privations and dangers, now surrounded by threatening savages, who, however, did not attack the party, and now encountering wild beasts, rugged travel or the fury of the elements, and sometimes all combined. But all his toil and trials were for naught, for after prospecting and mining in the Hills region from the fall of 1876 to that of 1877, he found himself with scarcely enough for "grub stake," and so resumed his weary march in search of more promising rewards, and returned once more to the fertile fields of Iowa, making the homeward journey on a boat belonging to Dr. Burleigh which started from Yankton but which burned to the water's edge and sank in the night at Hot Springs, on the Missouri. In August, 1878, he again turned his face westward and came to Alamosa, Colorado. Here he found a wild, unsettled country, and pushed on to Saguache, passing only two houses between the two villages. On his arrival at the latter he assumed the management of the Pumphrey ranch, of which he remained successfully in charge until 1880. He then went to prospecting and in time located the Klondike claims, which in 1899 he sold to the Woods Investment Company at Cripple Creek. Yet he did not wholly abandon his interest in ranching and raising stock, but has had a share in those industries ever since his advent in the state. For a period of eleven successive years he served as a deputy sheriff in the county, and made a record in the office for efficiency, courage and resourcefulness that any man might be proud of. He is a stanch Republican in politics and has always taken an interest in county affairs at once active and serviceable. On December 16, 1870, he was married to Miss Stella A. Tucker, a native of Ohio. They have four children, Alma E., Nellie, Annie and Alonzo. But all his years have not been passed in peaceful industry, or even the dangers of the frontier. During the Civil war he served in the Union army as a member of the One Hundred and Fifty-sixth Illinois Infantry, Company K, and in his term of eight months had much arduous and trying military duty to perform. He was mustered out at Springfield, Illinois. Saguache county has no more worthy or respected citizen.  (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)


GEORGE BALL
In the forty years of his active labor as man and boy, since he began to earn his own living and make his way in the world unassisted, George Ball, who is now one of the progressive and prosperous ranch and cattle men of Saguache county, this state, and is comfortably fixed on a fine ranch of three hundred and twenty acres seen miles southeast of the county seat, one-half of which he entered as a homestead and the other half acquired by purchase, has seen much of the world, and mingled with peoples of widely differing characteristics and engaged in a great variety of pursuits. The experience has been valuable to him in satisfying his love of adventure and desire to see the world, but much more in giving him knowledge of himself and his strong points of character, and teaching him how to rely on them for his advancement in lie and in meeting its frequent and trying emergencies. Mr. Ball is a native of "merrie England," born in Staffordshire on March 10, 1849. His parents, George and Prudence Ball, were also English by birth, and passed their lives in their native land. The father was a dipper in the potteries, and made good wages at his work but he did not have much to give his children in the way of a start in life. Of the seven children in the household Moses and Hugh have died, and Joseph, who is superintendent of the second division of the Rocky Mountain Coal & Iron Company; Joab, Isaac, and George, the last named being the second in order of birth of those who are living. He received a very limited common-school education, and began to work in the potteries at the age of nine years, being employed in their interesting work five years. From the age of fourteen to that of nearly seventeen he did hard labor in the coal mines. Then, impelled by a strong desire to seek more fruitful opportunities in the new world, where they were said to abound, and where thousands of his countrymen had found them, on August 5, 1867, he sailed from Liverpool for the United States, and ten days later arrived at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. The first three years of his residence in this country were passed working in coal mines in Mercer county and along the Monongahela river in that state, and the next two in the same occupation in many different and widely separated places, among them Illinois, Vancouver Island, the Puget South country, near San Francisco, California, and in the vicinity of Coos Bays, Oregon. In the spring of 1872 he came to Colorado, and after mining at Georgetown until October of that year, he went to Wyoming and mined coal at Carbon until Christmas day, then returning to this state, worked ten days in the mines at Golden. In January, 1873, Mr. Ball located half of his present fine ranch on a homestead claim, and traveled to it from Denver with all his worldly possessions on one wagon drawn by one yoke of oxen, leaving the capital city on January 16th and arriving at his homestead on the 29th day of the same month, the temperature during this time being thirty degrees below zero, and the journey full of hardships and suffering. But his subsequent triumphs on the tract of his choice and the addition he has made to it, have amply rewarded his heroic efforts to secure it and demonstrated his wisdom in the selection. One hundred acres of the land is well adapted to grain and seventy acres to hay, the remained being good pasture ground. The ranch is well fenced and provided with comfortable and commodious buildings and other necessary improvements. He raises large quantities of oats and other cereals, and his hay is first-class in quality and abundant in quantity. Mr. Ball has given his business close and careful attention, and it has rewarded him zeal with returns proportioned to the outlay. He has been something of a hunter, to, and has a large collection of mounted specimens of wild game, trophies of the chase, including birds, animals and reptiles, all secured and mounted by himself, assisted by his brother Joseph, since 1886. The collection is valued at five hundred dollars and is wholly of Colorado products. Mr. Ball is a Republican in politics and an earnest worker for his party. Recognized as one of the substantial, progressive and far-seeing men of the county, he is prominent in all local affairs and occupies a high place in the regard of the people.  (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)


JACOB BARSCH
The institutions of America have been devoted to the production of a vast army of industrial conquest and elevated citizenship for the administration of governmental affairs, rather than advanced scholarship or speculative disquisition, although the latter are by no means wanting.  But the every circumstances of the case have made it necessary for our people to conquest and plant the wilderness before the higher walks of intellectual activity could receive due attention, and accordingly the most general and substantial element of our educational system has been the "people's university," the common schools, which have been forcibly said to form the sheet anchor of the ship of state and one on which it may rely with confidence and hope.  It is supplemented by the lessons of experience in useful labor in every department of energy and zeal, and the result of the training is a race of men and women who defy all danger and shrink from no difficulty in material accomplishment or civil management, and whose achievements are the wonder and admiration of the world.  In these educational institutions, the common schools and practical experience of life, the subject of this brief review obtained his education, and the lessons therein learned he has applied with such wisdom and common sense that he is one of the leading and most substantial citizens of Saguache county, this state, and one of the most esteemed forces in its development.  Mr. Barsch was born on December 1, 1865, near Columbus, Indiana, and is the son of Adam and Margaret A. Barsch, natives of Hesse Darmstadt, Germany, who emigrated to this country April 11, 1854, and located in Indiana, where they remained until 1868, then moved to Linn County and afterward to Montgomery County, Kansas, where they are now living.  The father has devoted all his years to farming, and since becoming a citizen of this country has supported the Republican Party in political affairs.  He and his wife became the parents of twelve children, one of whom died in infancy and the others are living.  They are Jacob, Harvey E., Hattie E., Ida B., Barbara, Amelia, Alice, Catherine, Benjamin, William and Mary.  Jacob, the first born of these, began to make his own living at the age of seventeen coming to Colorado in 1883 and locating near Alder, where he followed mining and saw-milling two years with small returns.  In 1885 he went to work as a ranch hand in the vicinity of Villagrove, and by saving his earnings was soon able to purchase a ranch in the neighborhood and start a cattle industry on a small scale.  This ranch he has, in company with his partner, C. N. Miller, increased by subsequent purchases to one thousand and forty acres, and the cattle business has been expanded to large proportions.  Mr. Miller has been associated with him in the enterprise since 1896, the firm name being Barsch & Miller, and both being energetic, farseeing and progressive men, they fit well together and work in harmony for their mutual interest.  Their ranch is located four miles northeast of Villagrove, and is improved with the best sheds and corrals in the county.  They have conducted their business with vigor and good judgment, and the success they have won is large and the place they occupy among the ranch and cattle men of the county is in the first rank.  Mr. Barsch has always taken an active and serviceable part in politics as an earnest and loyal Democrat.  In the fall of 1904 he was his party's candidate for county commissioner, but owing to the large adverse majority in the county he was not elected.  He did, however, reduce the majority against his party to almost nothing, and this by reason of his personal popularity.  He is prominent and zealous in the fraternal life of the county as a Freemason and a Modern Woodman of America.  Having come to this state with nothing but his own native capacity and determined spirit, he took the conditions that fate flung before him, and out of them he has molded a shapely destiny and acquired an estate well worthy of high consideration, and at the same time has been of material service to the county in general in aiding by intelligent and consistent work in the development of its resources and elevating the tone of its citizenship, meanwhile stimulating others by influence and example to the same spirit and similar efforts. [Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Sandra Podgurski]


GEORGE FREEMAN BENJAMIN
Men who have a surcharge of arterial blood and the high spirit it engenders can never be content with the tame insipidities of ordinary life. They cannot languish in the lap of luxury, or dawdle with the toys and playthings of an overgrown civilization. They pine for adventure, and must go to some unsettled country where they can find it in times of peace, and to the front of unrolling columns in the midst of war. They would rather die by the hatchet of an Indian than sit all day and every day at a counting-room desk. They are made for war, for the sea, for hunting, mining, clearing, for hair-breadth adventures, huge risks and the joy of eventful living. Their surplus energy and exaltation of spirit is all good, only it must go to the right place for its exercise, and find room for achievement in a congenial atmosphere and environment, and there it will convert all impediments into instruments, all enemies into power. Such a man was the interesting subject of this sketch in his early life, and such to a considerable degree he is yet; and he found the outlet for his surplus force in the required conditions because he sought it with intelligence and good judgment. Mr. Benjamin was born in the province of Nova Scotia, Canada, on November 20, 1858, and is the son of Nathan and Nancy (Westcott) Benjamin, who also were born in that country, and there for many years the father engaged in farming and did some mining. In 1852 he went to California, making the trip overland by way of Minneapolis and across the plains, consuming six months on the way, and meeting with a great variety of adventures characteristic of the trackless waste of that day. He passed four years in California placer mining with good results, and in 1856 returned to his Canada home, where he remained a few months, and then made a second trip to the new gold fields of the Pacific slope, sailing thither by way of Cape Horn. This argonautic expedition was successful also, and in 1861 he returned to Canada well fixed financially and content to pass the remainder of his days in the peaceful pursuits of agriculture amid the scenes of his childhood and youth. His wife died on July 4, 1874, and he in April, 1899. Four of their children are living, Mrs. John Haywood, Mrs. John Jerdon, Pierce Benjamin and George Benjamin. The parents were members of the Baptist church. Their son George received a good common-school education. He remained at home employed by and in the interest of his parents until he reached the age of twenty-three, then, on January 2, 1882, he moved to Massachusetts, where he was variously occupied for four months. On May 7th of that year he arrived in Colorado, determined to seek his advancement where there was some spice in life and some breadth and fertility of opportunity. He located at Kokomo, and until 1885 lived there and at Leadville, all the while engaged in logging, mining and teaming, working hard but receiving good returns for his labor. In 1885 he moved to Saguache county and located a ranch five miles east of the county seat, which he improved and in 1899 sold to P.M. Jones. In 1891 he bought another, and this he sold to Michael Jordan in 1897. He then purchased the one he now owns and occupies near the town of Center. This comprises one hundred and sixty acres, is well watered and all fit for cultivation. Grain is produced with success, and general ranching and a flourishing stock industry are carried on with vigor and profit. Horses, mules, cattle and hogs are raised extensively. In addition to his home ranch Mr. Benjamin has four hundred and eighty acres of good land leased, on which he raises large crops of wheat, oats and peas. All the elements of his enterprise are successful and he is one of the prosperous, progressive and prominent men of the county, self-made and self-reliant, but always with proper consideration for the public interest and the general welfare of the section and its people. In political faith he belongs to the Republican party, and in its campaigns he is on all occasions of material service to the cause. In fraternal life he is connected with the order of Odd Fellows and the Woodmen of the World. On March 14, 1895, he was united in marriage with Mrs. Sarah A. (Delozier) Bell, the widow of Albert Bell, and a native of Cooper county, Missouri. Her first husband was a school teacher and farmer. He died on August 22, 1881, leaving three children, Claude W., Georgia M., and Anna C., now Mrs. Peter St. Clair. When Mr. Benjamin arrived in Colorado he had but fifteen dollars in money, and almost no other possessions besides the clothes he wore, so that the estate he has and the prosperity he now enjoys are the fruits of his own labor, enterprise and capacity. But his success has not awakened vanity over his achievements, but rather thankfulness for the opportunities he has had and the endowment to see them clearly and use them wisely, for his own advantage and that of the region of his home. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)


ALONZO BREWER
It is a matter of common knowledge, at least among the people of Colorado, that when once the air of the Rocky Mountain region has been enjoyed for a time, and the system has become accustomed to it, and when in addition thereto a taste has been had of the breadth of life, amplitude of purpose and cosmopolitan freedom of social enjoyment which is characteristic of the region, the mind can find contentment nowhere else, or will long for a return of the exhilarating experience, and if opportunity allow, will seek and secure it.  This has been said thousands of times with earnestness and all sincerity, that to live awhile in this section of the country creates an appetite for it that cannot be fully satisfied elsewhere.  The fact has been proven by the careers of many men, among them Alonzo Brewer, of Saguache county, who for years oscillated between Iowa and nearby states of Mississippi  valley and Colorado, and finally settled in this state permanently to his satisfaction and advantage, and to the benefit of the county in which he cast his lot, of which he is one of the leading citizens and business men, conducting now the principal undertaking and livery establishment in the town of Saguache and within an extended radius around that flourishing sear of county government.  Mr. Brewer was born on August 8, 1850, in Bradford County, Pennsylvania, and is the son of Francis and Agnes (Jayne) Brewer, Pennsylvanians also by nativity and for many years residents of the state.  In 1856 they moved to Iowa, which was their final earthly home, father dying there on March 14th, and mother on May 9, 1892.  The father was a successful farmer in business and a Republican in political faith.  Five of the children in the family are living.  Harrietta, Emma, Rose, Sarah and Alonzo.  After receiving a common-school education Alonzo began to make his own living at the age of fourteen years, farming and driving stage in Iowa.  His route in the occupation last named was out of Boone, in the county of the same name, and as it called for prompt and unfailing service in spite of conditions, it was full of hardship in the winter months and not always free from them at other seasons.  Still, while it tried his nerve and frequently subjected his shrinking body to suffering, it hardened his frame, developed his strength and endurance and augmented his courage; so that, when he came to Colorado in 1870, and began to freight lumber to Turkey creek to Denver, Georgetown and Central City, he had already the heroic qualities of mind and body required for that arduous employment.  In the fall of 1871 he located a ranch in San Luis valley, being among the first settlers in that now progressive and highly favored region.  This he improved and sold, it being at this time in the possession and ownership of Oliver P. Allen.  In the spring of 1873 he returned to Iowa, and during the next five years he was engaged in farming in that state.  Then, after farming more than a year in Smith County, Kansas, he came again to Colorado in 1880, and remained until July, 1881.  At that time he went to Kansas and in the ensuing fall to Iowa, where he again farmed five years.  In 1886 he joined the H. D. Brown surveying outfit and until 1888 he worked with that in North Dakota.  He then moved into Iowa again, and locating in Webster County, farmed until 1891, when he changed his residence to Lehigh in that state and his business to undertaking and the furniture trade, in which he engaged until 1896.  Then coming once more to Colorado, he located at Saguache and started the livery and undertaking business in which he is now engaged.  His outfit comprises everything required for his extensive business in these lines and is always kept in excellent order and ready for immediate service.  With the local affairs of interest and of advantage to the county he is always connected in a leading way and with substantial aid, and in its politics he takes an active and influential part as a Republican.  On October 9, 1887, he married to Miss Emma Pixler, a native of Postville, Iowa.  They have two children, Verne and Harold.  Mrs. Brewer died on January 22, 1892. [Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Sandra Podgurski]



FRANK BROWN
The real and lasting victories of all time are those of peace and not of war. The man who helps to plant and people a hitherto unproductive wilderness is none the less a soldier of humanity although his contest is with and his victory over the opposing forces of nature, and when his banner is unfurled in triumph, he can have the pleasing satisfaction of knowing that his battle has helped to whiten no plain with the bones and redden no river with the blood of his fellow men. The chivalry of industry invades no human right and tramples on no human feeling. And although its conflicts are arduous and often long contained, involving dangers, hardships and efforts equal in magnitude to those of any military campaign, they are all for and not over mankind, and every advance made is a substantial and enduring gain to every good cause. In this chivalry Frank Brown, of Saguache county, living seven miles southeast of the county seat, has been a valiant knight, and bravely has he worn the emblems of his knighthood. He was born in Bavaria, Germany, on November 11, 1836, and is the son of Joseph and Walberger Brown, of that country, who came to the United States in early married life and located at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, where they passed the rest of their days. The father was a carpenter and prospered at his work. The family comprised five children who are living, John, Frank, Michael, Sebastian and Matthew. The parents were members of the Catholic church, and the head of the house warmly espoused the Democratic cause in American politics. Their son Joseph was killed in a saber contest on one of the bloody fields of the Civil war. Frank was educated in the common schools of his native land, and was twelve years old when the family moved to this country in 1848. He also attended school three years at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. After leaving school he spent eight years at hard labor in the lumber woods around Lake Superior and seven in other occupations in Wisconsin. In 1866 he came to Denver, this state, crossing the plains with ten wagon teams hauling corn, the route being by way of Fort Kearney and up the Platte Cut Off near Junction. His brother John was in the party, and after their five weeks of trying travel on this journey, in which Frank served as night herder, they formed a partnership in freighting between Denver and Central City, having seven yoke ox teams and hauling hay principally. The life was full of hazard and privation, but the profits were large; and while it strained all their faculties, it gave them compensation, not only in the monetary returns, but in the increased spirit and energy it awakened. In 1870 they gave up freighting and moved to their present location in the San Luis valley, continuing their partnership until 1874, then harmoniously dissolved it. Mr. Brown’s ranch comprises one hundred and sixty acres and has been well improved by his own energy and hard work. It is well fenced and is plentifully watered by two fine artesian wells. The buildings are ample for his accommodation and in keeping with the spirit of enterprise that dominates all his movements. Hay, grain and cattle are abundantly raised, the two last proving the chief resources. There were no settlers in the neighborhood when he pitched his tent here, and the present development of the region is the result of his bold and stimulating example and his helpful influence, which has never been withheld from any undertaking of advantage to the section. In fact, the interest he has taken in the progress and building up of the county has placed him among its most prominent and esteemed citizens. He is a loyal Democrat in political allegiance, and as such served as county commissioner from 1881 to the close of 1883 and from 1895 to 1900, inclusive. While there are yet vast possibilities in the region of his home to be developed and made serviceable, Mr. Brown is doing his part in his day and generation in its behalf, and making a record of usefulness and benefit to his community the influence of which will not cease to be effective and will be ever remembered to his credit. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)
 

JOHN WILLIS COOK
This enterprising, far-seeing and progressive citizen of Saguache county, who, as the owner and editor of the Saguache Crescent, is one of the leaders of thought in southern Colorado, and one of its representative men, is a self-made man and, having learned by trying experience the needs and aspirations of the plain people of this country, is well able to state and advocate them, as he does in his paper and in all his public utterances. He was born at Cook's Fort, a block house built by his grandfather, George W. Cook, as a protection against the pro-slaveryites, in Jefferson county, Kansas, on December 20, 1866, the son of William M. and Frances (Pennick) Cook, the father a native of Indiana and the mother of Missouri. The family are of the good old Puritan stock, tracing their lineage as they do in an unbroken line from Francis Cook, one of the immortal band of Pilgrims who landed on Plymouth Rock that bleak December day in 1620. They have ever followed the star of empire westward, moving to Hartford, Connecticut, in 1636, thence to Marietta, Ohio, in 1788, to northwestern Indiana in 1816, to Iowa in 1852, to Kansas in 1854. Four patriots served in the war of the Revolution, two in the war of 1812 and one was wounded at the storming of Chapultepec in the war with Mexico. William M. Cook and his two brothers, the only male members of the family old enough for service, fought for the Union through the great Civil war. True pioneers, they have ever been found in the vanguard of American civilization and be it said to their credit they have ever stood for the cause of freedom and right. George W. Cook, the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was obliged to build a stout block house on his Kansas claim on account of the pro-slaveryites who were determined to drive out the free-soilers and make Kansas a slave state, he and his sons taking an active part in the Kansas war which raged round them until the adherents of slavery were driven from the new territory. The parents of the subject settled in Kansas before the Civil war, and lived together until death ended the labors of the father on September 25, 1903, near Hobart, Oklahoma, where he had drawn a claim at the Kiowa and Comanche opening. The mother is now living at Topeka that state. In 1859 the father came to Colorado and prospected and mined here until 1875 at various times and places, except for nearly four years during the Civil war, in which he served as a Union soldier in Company B, Eleventh Kansas Cavalry, being mustered out of the service at Leavenworth on August 20, 1865. His occupation in Kansas was farming and raising stock, and in this he was measurably successful and prosperous. He was a stanch Republican in political faith. Seven of his children survive him John W., Ulysses E., Mrs. O.D. Henley, Mrs. A.C. Slykhous, Mrs. May George, Mrs. H.F. Browning and Mrs. Walter O. Hammond. The first born of these, John Willis Cook, received a good education in the common schools and at an early age began to earn his own way in the service of his parents. Later he took a course of instruction at the Strickler Business College at Topeka. Leaving home in 1887, he taught school, clerked in stores and spent several years at newspaper work on daily and weekly papers in eastern Kansas, and in Colorado. In 1896 he returned to Denver and while there wrote and published for his uncle, Gen. D.J. Cook, a noted Colorado pioneer, a volume entitled "Hands Up," it being the story of his forty years' life in the West. The General filled a number of important offices in troublous and trying times. He was United States detective city marshal, chief of police and chief of detectives, successively, and as major-general of the C.N.G., effected peace between warring factions and put down disturbing elements at Leadville in the great strike of 1880. He also served as sheriff of the county eight years. His life was stirring and strenuous to the last degree, and the story of it which his nephew wrote is full of interest as a true and graphic account of the times in which he was so important a personage and acted so prominent a part. It has been read by thousands with great interest, and is one of the best known and most appreciated narratives of early Colorado life. After completing the publication of this work, Mr. Cook moved to Crestone, in the mountain region of Saguache county, in 1898, and turned his attention to prospecting and mining, but without much success. In 1901 he was elected county clerk and recorder of Saguache county, and in March, 1903, bought the Saguache Crescent, a leading Republican newspaper of southern Colorado, of which he has ever since been the owner and editor. He has added to the capacity and equipment of the office in order to be able to meet all requirements for job work of the best kind, and has conducted the paper with intelligence, enterprise and sagacity, according to such lofty ideals of duty to the public and devotion to its interests as to have raised it greatly in the estimation of the community and made it a power in leading and directing public opinion in the territory of its circulation besides largely increasing its subscription list and other forms of patronage. On September 29, 1896, Mr. Cook united in marriage with Miss Anna L. Martin, a native of Jefferson county, Kansas. They have one child, their son Francis E. Mr. Cook belongs to the Masons, Odd Fellows, Elks, Modern Woodmen of America, Woodmen of the World and Sons of Veterans. In addition to his newspaper work, Mr. Cook finds time to engage in mining, stock raising and politics, in all of which he has been measurably successful in recent years. He is a firm believer in the Rooseveltian doctrine of a square deal all around and has made his influence felt in that direction in a section of the state where political jobbery has long been dominant. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)
 

CURTISS BROTHERS
Among the leading citizens and most enterprising and prosperous ranchmen and stock growers of Saguache county are the Curtis Brothers, Wilbur L. and George H., whose excellent ranch of six hundred acres, located not far from the county seat, was one of the first opened up in the county and is now one of the best.  Wilbur L. was born at Independence, Iowa, on December 14, 1870, and George H. in Saguache county, Colorado, on November 25, 1874. They are the sons of Lora D. and Eliza (Martin) Curtis, the former born in Geneva county, New York, on February 25, 1838, and the latter in Trumbull county, Ohio, on June 26, 1858.  The father was the son of Newman and Maria Curtis, who were natives of New York state, the former of Scotch and the latter of Holland  ancestry.  They moved to Independence, Iowa, early, in their married life, and there they passed the remainder of their lived engaged in farming and raising live stock.  The father was a Whig in politics until the death of that party, and after that an ardent Republican.  Both died in Iowa.  Their son, Lora D. Curtis, received a common-school education, and remained with his parents until July 1, 1876, when, in order to restore his failing health, he came overland with a small train to Colorado, and located in Saguache county.  Here he pre-empted a ranch ten miles southeast of the county seat, which he improved and sold. He then moved near the town of Saguache, which was at the time a hamlet of rude dwellings and few inhabitants, and devoted his remaining years to ranching and raising cattle in that neighborhood.  He always took an earnest interest in the progress of the county, and was largely, instrumental in having good roads and other improvements of a kindred character made.  He became on of the most prominent and influential citizens of the county and one of its leading business men.  In political affairs he supported the Republican part with ardor and effectiveness.  He died on April 22, 1898, and his widow now makes her home at Saguache.  Like their father, Republicans in politics, and like him alert, enterprising and far-seeing in business, the sons are highly esteemed citizens, and very helpful forces in carrying on the general interests of the county, in which they have a constant and earnest concern.  Wilbur, who was four years old when the family moved to this state, has passes all his  subsequent years in Saguache county except the period from 1891 to 1896, inclusive, when he was superintendent of construction for the Chicago Gas Light and Coke Company.  His education was obtained in the common schools, and at the Western University and Powers Business College at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, and his courses fo study at these has been supplemented by a wide and varied experience which has made him a broad-minded and well informed man.  George L., who is wholly a product of Colorado, attended only the common schools, the necessities of the work on the ranch and the other interests in which his father was engaged, requiring his presence at home from an early age.  Both are valued members of the Masonic order in their locality, and both are actuated by a lofty and productive public-spirit in all their citizenship.  Since their father’s death they have managed the business affairs of the family with increasing success and profit, and looking after every phase of its multiform activities with close attention and excellent judgment.  Eighty acres of the tract are in grain and three hundred and seventy-five in hay, and the rest is devoted to pasturing the large herds f well bred cattle which form one of the staple products of the place, which is known as the Andy Settle Ranch, and was one of the first located in the county.  It is improved with good dwellings and other buildings, plentifully watered and near a good and active market at Saguache.  The sons, while inheriting the business, inherited also the spirit of their father, and they have exemplified in their career all the manliness, energy, elevated citizenship and local patriotism that were conspicuous in his.  And as the country has improved, they have kept pace with the spirit of progress, continuing in the front rank of its business men and among the leaders of its thought and action in every useful line of improvement.  (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Richard Ramos)



LOUIS C. DAPPEN
Honorable in all his dealings with his fellow men and in all the relations of life, popular among the people of his county, progressive and public-spirited in his activities, and generous in his disposition, Louis C. Dappen, of Saguache county, with a fine ranch of valuable land comprising six hundred and forty acres, located five miles northwest of Center, and two others aggregating six hundred and forty acres additional, one located near Hooper and the other near Center, Louis C. Dappen is easily one of the leading and most substantial citizens of Saguache county.  And his possessions are all the more creditable to him in that they are the results of his own unassisted thrift and enterprise, and have been won through difficulties and over many obstacles.  Mr. Dappen was born on June 15, 1867, in Atchison county, Missouri, and is the son of Benjamin and Mary Dappen, the former a native of Switzerland and the latter of Germany.  During the early days of his residence in this country, the father followed stage driving, but the latter part of it was devoted to farming.  Nebraska was his final earthly home, and there he died in 1892, having by twenty-three years survived his wife, who passed away in 1869.  Three of their children are living, Benjamin, Henry W. and Louis C.  The last named received only a common school education, and that of a limited extent, as he was early obliged to make his own living by working on the farm.  He remained in his native state until 1888, when he came overland to Colorado with all that he possessed, two teams, two sets of harness, one wagon and eighteen dollars in money.  The time required for the trip was twenty-eight days, and on his arrival in the San Luis valley he at once secured one hundred and sixty acres of land on a pre-emption claim.  After improving this he sold it in 1890 at a loss, but in the meantime, with a view to other purchases in the neighborhood, he helped to build the Farmers’ Union ditch, in which he still has an interest.  After selling his first ranch he located another, and being unsuccessful in improving this in four years’ effort, he gave it up, and in 1896 bought one of four hundred and eighty acres, which he sold in 1898 to J. M Warden, a sketch of whom will be found on another page.  He then, for a year, rented a ranch of one hundred and sixty acres, and in 1899 bought his present home ranch of six hundred and forty acres, which is superior land and very valuable.  The place is well supplied with water, all substantially fenced, and improved with a good dwelling and other necessary buildings.  In addition to this, as has been noted, he owns a ranch of four hundred and eighty acres near Hooper and one of one hundred and sixty near Center, making one thousand two hundred and eighty acres in all, all the tracts lying with convenient distances of one another.  He raises excellent crops of peas, hay, wheat and oats, and carries on an extensive stock industry, especially in hogs and cattle.  His start in life was next to nothing, and all he has he has made himself, and his holdings rank him among the large landholders of the county, while his prosperity demonstrates that he possesses first rate business qualifications.  Fraternally he belongs to the Modern Woodmen of America and the Woodmen of the World.  His first marriage occurred on November 22, 1888, and was with Miss Mattie Warren, a native of Iowa.  They had two children who died in infancy.  He married Miss Ella Hayes, who was born in Kansas.  They have three children, Cora E., Perry L. and Ina L.  His first wife died on March 4, 1892m and the second on December 17, 1900.  Mr. Dappen is, in the matter of public improvements, interested in the Farmers’ Union Ditch Company and the Rio Grande Land & Water Company. [Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Nancy Overlander]


WILLIAM DANIEL DAVIDSON.
Taking upon his shoulders the burden of life for himself at the age of seventeen, William Daniel Davidson, one of the progressive, successful and extensive ranch and cattle men of Saguache county, has for nearly two-thirds of his active and useful existence since then made his own way in the world, with steady progress in spite of many reverses and a serious accident in the mines which disqualified him for work in them. He was born at the village of Glasgow, Barren county, Kentucky, on October 25. 1859, the second of six children, four of whom are living, himself, Jefferson D., Annie W, and John A. Davidson, offspring of Alexander and Anna E. (Durham) Davidson, members of old families long resident in Kentucky, where they were born and reared and where they passed the whole of their lives. The parents were well-to-do farmers, living in peace and plenty, although during the Civil war the times were full of trouble around them. The father died on Christmas day, 1865, and the mother in August, 1870. Their son William attended the common schools in the neighborhood of his home and worked on the parental homestead until he reached the age of seventeen. He then started out in life for himself, moving to St. Clair county, Missouri, and remaining there three years occupied in a number of different employments. In 1879 he came to Colorado and located in Saguache county. Thereafter for a number of years he did ranch and railroad work, during a portion of the time in New Mexico. In the spring of 1881 he returned to Saguache county and for ninety days was employed as a ranch hand. At the end of that period he secured employment in the Orient mines, iron and silver, as a driller, being soon afterward made powder foreman, a position he held three years, until a premature explosion disqualified him from mine work and he abandoned it. From 1885 to 1890 he was employed on the ranches of A. Shellabarger, D. C. Travis and Stephen Kinney. In 1890 he became foreman of the Baca-Grant ranch, owned by George Adams, and served in that capacity, having charge of the extensive cattle industry carried on there, until 1895. In that year he acquired by deeds his present ranch of eight hundred acres, and since then has been ranching and raising cattle extensively on his own account, having in addition to his own land four thousand acres leased. He raises cattle and horses in large numbers and first-rate crops of hay and grain. All his land he cultivated, being well supplied with water for irrigation, and it is managed with the most systematic and skillful husbandry. The place has a commodious and comfortable dwelling for the family, excellent barns, corrals, fences and other needed  improvements, all made by the present owner, the buildings being among the best in the county. Mr. Davidson is a progressive and public-spirited man, and is everywhere highly respected as an excellent citizen. Politically he is a Democrat and fraternally a Modem Woodman of America. In the public life of the county he takes a part of continual and productive interest, giving his help in counsel and material aid to every commendable undertaking for the benefit of the section and its people and waiting for no man to lead in a worthy enterprise. His own property, in its advanced state of development and improvement, stands forth in proof of his private enterprise, and his reputation for breadth of view, progressiveness and unwavering loyalty to the region in which he lives, shows the value of his influence and example in the county and the appreciation which attends his service to the general weal and substantial good of the whole region. On May 29, 1895, he was joined in wedlock with Mrs. Lena Warrant, a native of Smithland, Woodbury county. Iowa, a widow with five children, Mrs. Charles Fullenwider, Mrs. A. V. Brown, and Samuel,Charles and L. J. Warrant. Of his marriage with her one child has been born, William A. The life of this prominent citizen, Mr. Davidson, is full of pertinent suggestiveness. He has not waited to perform such actions as have long had the praise of men, but has realized at all times that anything a man can do may be well done and is worthy of his efforts, and with this faith he has found his fit place and congenial duties. He placed himself in the middle of the stream of power and wisdom around him, and by simply yielding to its influence has been impelled to right conduct, fruitful labor and service to his kind. He has cheerfully and with vigor obeyed the clarion call to duty, and has found reward in the performance, and increased compensation for the sacrifices it required in the spirit and energy the obstructions in his path have awakened. It is the lesson of the best American citizenship, told over many times with differing shades and features, but always based upon fidelity to the claim of the hour and the conditions of the place. [Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Tracy MacAllister]



DACRE DUNN

Dunn's Ranch, located twenty-three miles southwest of the town of Saguache, in the county of the same name, represents in its present condition the enterprise of two generations of thrifty and industrious men, alive to every opportunity which fate has opened before them and ever ready to make the most of one. Although taken up in the very wilderness, hundreds of miles from any center of civilization less than thirty-five years ago, it now has many of the luxuries of modern life for the enjoyment of its owner and his family, and is equipped with every convenience for its proper conduct which the sleepless eye of science has discovered and the skillful hand of art has fashioned for such work. That it is well watered, highly cultivated and improved with modern buildings and other appliances, need scarcely be said when it is remembered that it is a Colorado ranch in the possession and under the management of an energetic and progressive man; but that it should have an electric lighting plant of its own, flooding the dwelling and other buildings and the grounds with radiance at night, and be supplied with many other comforts usually unknown in rural sections, and especially on ranch properties, is not only surprising to all observers, but is a high tribute to the enterprise, breadth of view and modern spirit of its owner. He is a native of Sussexshire, England, born on January 26, 1877, and the son of Dacre and Julia Dunn, the former born and reared in Yorkshire, England, and the latter in Peoria, Illinois. They came to Colorado and located in Saguache county in 1870, and soon afterward secured three hundred and twenty acres of the present ranch by pre-emption and homestead claims, and by subsequent purchases increased their acreage to its extent of twelve hundred acres, all of which has since remained to it. The father was a prosperous and progressive ranch and stock man, raising both cattle and horses of good grades, and gave a large portion of his time and a liberal share of his earnings to the development of the county. He was one of its most prominent and influential citizens, and left his impress broad and deep on its industrial and civil life. He moved into the section of his home when it was almost without other settlers, and by his influence and example induced a number of other families to locate there, and in this way, as well as by the exercise of his enterprise in other directions, soon had the region a substantial contributor to the wealth, consequence and power of the county. In addition to his property here he had interests in some English coal mines, yet what they yielded was added to his resources for the development of his new home in the western wilds of the new world. He took an active and helpful interest in American politics as a Republican, and was one of the controlling forces in the councils and activities of his party. He died in the midst of his usefulness on January 19, 1900, and his wife passed away on June 19, 1901. Their son Dacre received a good business education in the schools and had in addition careful training under the supervision of his father in the lines of business in which he is now engaged. He has been a resident of the state since 1877, and during the whole of the period has been earnestly devoted to its welfare and progress. Since his father's death he has managed the ranch and all its work of every kind, giving every phase of its operations his close and careful attention and making the utmost of every element of progress and profit. The whole ranch is under good fencing, has a first-rate modern dwelling and other good buildings, an abundant supply of water and a private electric lighting plant, as has been noted, from which the residence and barns are well lighted. Nine hundred and fifty acres are given up to hay and produces an excellent quality of this commodity. The herds of cattle are well bred Herefords and there are large numbers of them. The horses also are of good breeds and well cared for. Mr. Dunn is a Republican in political faith and, like all other good citizens, takes an earnest and serviceable interest in the affairs of his party. In fraternal life he is prominently connected with the order of Elks and the Woodmen of the World. On October 28, 1903, he united in marriage with Miss Edith Francklin, a native of Colorado and daughter of Henry and Alice Francklin, who live near Monte Vista, and were early settlers in Colorado. Mr. Dunn has succeeded to his father's prominence and influence in public affairs, not as an inheritance from that worthy gentleman, but on his own merits, and is accounted one of the leading citizens of his section of the state. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)


RILEY M. EDWARDS
Born in Dade county, Missouri, on July 16, 1849, and reared there to the age of seventeen, then moving to Cooper county in the same state, and living in that county until 1872, when he came to Colorado, Riley M. Edwards, of Saguache county, has passed the whole of his life practically on the frontier.  He is familiar with every phase of its wild life of incident and adventure, of danger and difficulty, of hardships and privations, and also with the exaltation and broadening spirit which come from close and uninterrupted communion with nature in her “populous solitude.”  His success in dealing with its conditions and making them over into a comfortable estate, satisfying to both mind and body, shows that he was well fitted to be a pioneer, and that wherever he might have gone in the wilderness, settlement, civilization and progress would have followed in his wake.   That his energies and breadth of view wee employed here instead of elsewhere is a fortunate circumstance for the county in which he lives, and for the state in general.  Mr. Edwards is a son of James and Juliana Edwards, the former a native of England and the latter of Pennsylvania.  They moved to Missouri soon after their marriage and passed the remainder of their lives in that state successfully engaged in farming and raising stock.  They were Presbyterians in church alliance and the father was a firm supporter of the Republican party in politics.  He died in 1849 and the mother in 1896. Six children were born to them.  Of these Mary and James died, and John J., William P., George M, and Riley M. are living.  Three of the sons served in the Civil war, and all escaped the terrible ordeal without injury.  Riley was left at home to assist his parents in the farm work, and from an early age he did a man’s share of it.  He was educated at the common schools and a high school in his native county, devoting all his spare time to the aid of his parents, and the devotion to their interests then shown continued until death ended their labors.  In 1863, when he was in his seventeenth year, he went to Cooper county in the same state and there engaged in various lines of useful work.  In 1872 he came to Colorado and took up his residence at Denver, and in and around that city he was employed at different occupations until the spring of 1873, when he rented a ranch which he worked till fall.  He then moved to Colorado Springs, and during the next seven years was occupied in hauling and freighting between that city and Leadville and other points.  He next made a trip with his teams to Alamosa, and afterward made many freighting trips between that place and Pitkin.  His life in this work was full of hazards and hard work, but the profits were large and there was additional compensation in the spirit of independence and self-reliance which it engendered.  In June, 1880, he traded the freighting outfit for a ranch of two hundred and eighty acres, which was the nucleus which subsequent purchases have increased to one thousand, one hundred and twenty acres. Of this tract fully three-fourths are under cultivation and the remainder furnishes excellent pasture for his cattle.  The ranch is well located five miles and three-quarters east of the town of Saguache, and he has improved it with good buildings, including a commodious and comfortable brick dwelling, first-rate fences and other needed structures.  The water supply is plentiful and constant, and the husbandry is vigorous and up-to-date in every way.  Every year of his life here has witnessed  increased prosperity and progress, and he is now well established in personal comfort, an active and profitable industry and the public regard.  He raises hay, grain and cattle extensively, and conducts all the operations of his ranch and all phases of his business with commendable vigor and judgment.  His prosperity is the result of his own efforts, and is all the more gratifying on that account.  The favors of fortune are not to be despised, but they are not necessary to the success of a man of proper spirit who has eyes to see and energy to properly use his opportunities for advancement.  Politically Mr. Edwards is a stanch Republican, and fraternally he is connected prominently with the order of Odd Fellows.  On March 28, 1880, he was married to Miss Mary E. Long, a native of Barton county, Missouri.  They have four children, Finis H., Clarence, Ada and Edna.  The father is a leading and representative citizen of the county, zealous in the promotion of its welfare and warmly devoted to its best interests with good judgment as to what is best and earnest diligence in promoting it.  (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Richard Ramos)



JOHN FARRINGTON
A close and keen observation of men demonstrates that success in human life is largely a matter of constitution, depending on a healthy state of mind and body with a resolute, dominating spirit in addition, all which are elements of power, work and courage. The combination is not deterred by difficulties or daunted by dangers. It moves forward in its chosen lines of progress without regard to circumstances, and compels the success it desires, making even its obstructions servants to its needs. This fact is aptly illustrated in the career of John Farrington, of Saguache, this state, who has been a resident of Colorado since 1873, and during the whole of this period has been a valued and material contributor to the advancement of the state, promoting especially in the region of his home at any time works of public improvement and leading forward to the development of the country and the elevation of taste among its people. He was born on March 24, 1842, near London, England, which was also the place of nativity for his parents, James and Jane Farrington, who passed their lives in their native land prosperously engaged in farming, the father dying a number of years ago and the mother on September 7, 1903. Their son John is their only living child. He received a common school education and at the age of sixteen assumed the burden of life for himself, learning the trade of a carpenter and builder, and doing at any time whatever offered good returns and was worthy of his powers. In 1866 he emigrated to the United States and located at Chicago, where he worked at his trade three years. He then moved to Milwaukee, but after two years of mechanical employment there, returned to Chicago, where he remained until the fall of 1873. At that time he joined the tide of emigration westward, coming to Colorado and taking up his residence at Pueblo and remaining there working at his trade until 1876. He built the first brick house on the mesa at the head of the viaduct there, and within the same year changed his residence to Saguache county. Crestone was the location he selected for his home in this county, and he was the first settler at that point. While there he engaged in prospecting and mining, and also in building. He became prominent and influential in a short time, and was a leading spirit in setting off that part of the county as a separate district, presiding over the meeting at which the new division was organized. He also served on the school board and gave an impetus to the cause of public education which it has never lost. His prospecting and mining ventures were unsuccessful, but his building operations were profitable. In 1878 he helped to put up the first furnace for Crook Brothers. Since 1881 he has made the town of Saguache his home, and been prominent in all its public affairs. He built all the principal buildings in the town, including the county courthouse, and many in other parts of the county, being considered the most reliable builder within its limits. From 1885 to 1890 he served on the town board, and during this service started tree planting to adorn the municipality and also secured provision for and laid out the park. Afterward he was twice elected mayor on the citizens’ ticket. From 1881 to 1902 he was occupied in ranching and raising cattle in addition to his other employments, having a ranch of one hundred and sixty acres nine miles northwest of Saguache, one-half of the land being under cultivation. In 1902 he rented the place to a tenant, and since then he has not been actively connected with its work. Mr. Farrington is one of the county’s self-made, substantial and most public-spirited men, a stanch Republican in politics, a third-degree Freemason in fraternal life, also a Woodman of the World, and as a citizen is held in the highest esteem everywhere. On October 6, 1867, he was married to Miss Ellen Lawley, a native of Birmingham, England. They have three children, Mrs. Oscar B. Mack, Matilda and George L. In addition to his ranch and his town dwelling Mr. Farrington owns other real estate in the town and county. No element of the county’s greatness and progress has escaped his notice or been without the aid of his wise and active mind. Taking firm hold of the forces of the people, and seeing clearly the needs of the section, he has devoted his best efforts to make the most of the situation for himself and others, and has been of the most substantial service in bringing about the present state of advancement for which it is noted. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)



CHARLES BROOKS FOX
For thirty years after reaching man’s estate a printer, lumberman, ranch hand, freighter, prospector, miner and saw-mill operator, and before then from the age of sixteen for four years a soldier in the Civil war, Charles Brooks Fox, of Saguache county, who since 1895 has been comfortable settled on his ranch of three hundred and twenty acres eleven miles west of the town of Saguache, has seen every phase of frontier life, and under trying circumstances, and some of bustling activity in the midst of an advanced civilization, besides facing death in all forms of horror on bloody fields where American valor contended for mastery in the most determined sectional strife. He is a native of New York state, born in Genesee county on February 8, 1946.  His parents were Jonathan and Sarah K. (Joshlin) Fox, who were born and reared in New York and made Michigan their final earthly home.  The father was a tailor and worked at his trade many years, but devoted the latter part of his life to farming.  He was a stanch Republican in political faith, and took an earnest interest in the success of his party.  Six children blessed their union, four of whom died, Ella, Joseph, and Lucy and Louisa, twins.  Charles and his brother Alvin J. are now the only living members of the family.  The parents were devout and attentive members of the Baptist church.  Their son Charles received a good common and high school education, being graduated from the high school at Batavia in his native state.  On August 4, 1862, when he was but sixteen years and six old, he enlisted in Company C, One Hundred and Fifty-first New York Infantry, in defense of the Union, and in that command he served to the end of the Civil war, being mustered out of the service on June 26, 1865.  He was a musician and his service as such was highly valued by the regiment, and as it was almost constantly at the front, he was in continual requisition to sound the movements of the troops, and therefore in the very midst of the greatest danger.  After the close of the war he returned to his New York home and there learned his trade as a printer.  Of this craft he is a thorough master, and at it he worked several years as a journeyman in Batavia, New York, and he also served one year as editor of The Spirit of the Times in that town. From there he moved to Tuscola, Michigan, and secured employment with Murphy, Avery & Eddy, lumber merchants, until the early part of 1869, when he came to Colorado and located near Trinidad, where he served as a ranch hand until fall.  He then crossed the range into New Mexico, and after passing the winter there quietly, began freighting in the spring of 1870 between La Masia and Silver City, continuing this occupation until the summer of 1871.  Removing then to Saguache county, in this state, he passed the next two years working for Charles Hartman on the Indian reservation, and early in the winter he took up a ranch, which he improved, then in 1874 sold it.  He next helped to build the toll road between Saguache and Lake City.  He returned to the county of Saguache in the fall and engaged in saw-mill work until the spring of 1875, then bought a freighting outfit, and from that time until the fall of 1876 devoted his time and energies to hauling, logging and mill work at Lake City.  Returning once more to Saguache county, he got his teams together and journeyed overland to the lead mines at Joplin, Missouri, where he remained until the spring of 1877, the moved to Kansas and found employment that fall in helping to gather the corn crop.  The next spring he moved to DeKalb county, Missouri, and there was variously employed for three years.  In the spring of 1881 he came overland to Colorado, by way of St. Joseph, Atchison, and the Platte to Pueblo, and from there to Saguache, where he arrived on October 7th .  During the ensuing ten years he wrought at a number of different occupations, always finding something useful and profitable to do, and doing it with all his energy however difficult it might be.  In the summer of 1891 he made a tour of observation to Green River, Wyoming, but returned to his old Colorado haunts in the fall, and after four more years of varied employment, in 1895 bought his present ranch.  This comprises three hundred and twenty acres of good land, one-half of which is at this time under cultivation in hay and vegetables, and on which he raises large numbers of cattle and Angora goats, his flock of the latter being the only one in his part of the county.  Throughout his long nomadic residence in this state and others, and his wide wanderings from place to place, he experienced all the forms of hardships, privation and danger incident to pioneer life, dependent for long periods at many times on wild game for his meat and obliged to secure it at whatever hazard, incurring the risk of hostility from predatory Indians, and sometimes sharing their hospitality, encountering often the fury of the elements without shelter, and not wholly escaping from the avarice of marauding highwaymen.  But he maintained a spirit of lofty courage and endurance, and now has reward for his constancy of purpose and persistency of effort in a comfortable estate and freedom from seeking a precarious livelihood.  From his early manhood he has loyally supported the Republican party in political affairs, and wherever he has lived he has been an earnest promoter of the improvement and advancement of the community of his residence.  On April 10, 1873, he united in marriage with Miss Emma T. Church, who died in 1877, leaving one child, their son Bryan B., who died on May 4, 1901.  In 1879 he married a second wife, Miss Mary J. Tophan, a native of Page county, Iowa.  They have two daughters, Mrs. Frank Burns and Jennie E., the latter living at home.  (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Richard Ramos)



FRANCIS MARION HILLS.
Some men are born to own property, and can animate all their possessions. And in the eye of a cold and calculating reason, perhaps only they should own who can administer, they whose work carves out work for more and opens a path for all. For he is the rich man in whom the people are rich, and he is poor in whom they are poor. The fullness of health in the former answers its own ends, and runs over and has much to spare wherewith to inundate other men's necessities. Men of this class build factories and railroads, they develop mines and bring the wealth of new regions into the channels of trade, they found systems of commerce and sail all seas to foster them, they see the hidden treasures of the wilderness and command them to come forth, they put in motion the forces to compel obedience to the command, and needing a fulcrum for their lever, they start a town, and soon the wilds around them become as the garden of God, rejoicing on every side, laughing, clapping its hands, and bringing forth in abundance everything nourishing, and useful and valuable, which it has held in reserve. To this class belongs Francis Marion Hills, of Villagrove, Saguache county, the founder of the town and its first resident. After a long and trying career, full of adventure and incident, he located in this region and at once began to plan for its peopling and development with results already cheeringly great and full of promise for future good of much greater magnitude. Mr. Hills was born in McHenry county, Illinois, near the town of Marengo, on November 10, 1838, and is the son of Calvin and Annisteen (Mead) Hills, natives of the state of New York, who passed the greater part of their married life in Illinois, dying there after many years of serviceable labor, the mother in 1876, and the father in 1888. The father was a skillful carpenter and prospered at his trade. He belonged to the Masonic order and was a Republican in politics, while in church affiliation he and his wife were of the Christian denomination. They had nine children, two of whom died in infancy and seven are living, Francis M., Martin S., Everill J., Mrs. Frank L. Dodge, Lucian J., Mrs. Roy G. White and John F. The first born of these, Francis M., received a good business education, remaining with his parents until he reached his legal majority, then, in 1859, impelled by the excitement over the discovery of gold in the neighborhood of Pike's Peak, he joined a party of fifteen at Chicago who were coming to the new region of promise, and with them journeyed by rail to St. Joseph, Missouri. Here ox teams were procured and the journey was continued overland to Fort Kearney. At that outpost they became convinced that their undertaking was useless, and the party broke up, some of the number returning east and Mr. Hills and others proceeding to California. This company left Fort Kearney on April 25th and reached their destination in California on September I7th next ensuing. After his arrival there Mr. Hills was employed in ranch and livery stable work until 1860, when he went to Puget Sound and for more than a year worked in the lumber woods skirting that wonderful sheet of water. In the fall of 1861 he returned to California and engaged in placer mining and farming, and three years later made a visit to his old Illinois home, going on water by way of Nicaragua and returning by way of the isthmus of Panama. He continued farming and mining in California until 1873, then came to Colorado and located at Fairplay, Park county, where he served two years as foreman of the placer diggings owned by Messrs. Clark & Smith. In 1875 he went to California Gulch, but in the fall returned to his ranch near Salida, a property which he and his brother, E. J. Hills, had bought in 1873, and gave his attention to farming. Two years he passed in ranching on that property, and in 1877 returned to California Gulch, near what is now Leadville, to take charge of the Stephen Wood & Lighter placer mines, holding the position until the fall of 1878. At that time he began prospecting for himself, and this he continued to September, 1879, when he returned to his ranch near Salida. In November, 1879, he bought his present property at Villagrove, and the next year sold his interest in the Salida ranch and moved to his new home, the only settler at the time in the neighborhood. His place was used as a stage station and the changes of teams were made there. A boarding house was also conducted on it until 1881, when Mr. Hills surveyed and laid out the townsite of Villagrove, which he still owns in addition to his ranch here of five hundred and twenty acres. Since locating here he has also conducted a ranch and sheep feeding place in the vicinity of Fort Collins, and in the years 1894 and 1895 he served as manager of the Hydraulic mines at Salmon City, Idaho, belonging to Messrs. Hageman & Grant. One-half of his Saguache county ranch is under cultivation and yields abundant crops of hay, grain and vegetables. While he has been somewhat occupied with other enterprises, his chief interest has been in this ranch and the surrounding country, and the development and improvement of these he has given his best energies and greatest attention. He has been a leading man in this country, connected with its progress in every helpful way, and inspiring its people with his own spirit and determination to make the most of it. In 1889, 1890 and 1891 he served as county commissioner of Saguache county, and many of the most useful and appreciated public improvements in the county were made during his tenure of this office and under his influence. Too much can scarcely be said of his public-spirit and breadth of view, or of the general esteem in which he is held as the founder and one of the chief promoters of the prosperity of the section. On December 21, 1864, he united in marriage with Miss Mary Allen, a native of Aurora, Erie county, New York. They have had five children. Of these Everill E. and William J. died, and Mrs. Washington I. Covert, Calvin A. and Mrs. John H. Parsons are living. All the family are consistent and conscientious Seventh-day Adventists in religious faith. [Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Tracy MacAllister]



GEORGE FRANKLIN HOFFMAN
Although a native of Kentucky, where he remained until he was twenty-one years old, and was warmly attached to his native state, George F. Hoffman, of Saguache county, has been a resident of Colorado nearly one-half of his life, and is now as ardently devoted to the state of his adoption as he ever was to that of his nativity. Coming into the world with a somewhat feeble constitution and uncertain health, his physical condition drove him abroad from the home of his parents when a young man, and through what seemed a hardship then, and what involved additional hardships afterward, found opportunities for substantial advancement in a worldly way as well as greater vigor of body and enlarged enjoyment of life. Mr. Hoffman was born on January 3, 1857, at Covington, Kenton county, Kentucky, and is the son of Henry and Jane Hoffman, the former a native of the same place as himself and the latter of Dayton, Ohio. The son received a common-school education, which has been abundantly supplemented by the lessons of a wide and varied experience and good general reading since he left school, so that he is now a well informed and reflective man, with a rich and ready fund of general practical information. His parents were prosperous farmers, and their estate offered him a good chance for substantial gains in the neighborhood of his home. But soon after reaching his majority, he was obliged to seek safety for his health in a different climate, and on the 1st day of March, 1878, he went to Illinois, where he remained until the 4th day of July next ensuing. He then returned home, but two years later found himself under the necessity of again going elsewhere on account of his health, and on the 1st day of March, 1880, arrived at Parsons, Labette county, Kansas. Two years later he left this place for Rhea Springs, Rhea county, Tennessee. On April 3, 1888, he arrived at Del Norte, Colorado, and since then he has been a resident of this state. He came hither in search of renewed health and has remained to engage in and carry on a profitable business, making his way to both ends steadily and with gratifying results worthy of almost any sacrifice of sentiment and home feeling. He has an excellent ranch of one hundred and sixty acres twenty-two miles southeast of the town of Saguache. He has improved his ranch with good buildings, fences and other needs, and by assiduous efforts, in which he has flourished physically, and at the same time made himself one of the most useful and highly respected citizens of this section of the state. Essentially a self-made man, his success is the result of his own foresight, industry and business capacity, and the esteem in which he is held is the natural consequence of his honorable manhood, correct business methods, generous disposition  and public-spirit and breadth of view in reference to methods of promoting the enduring welfare of the county and its people. In public affairs he is not bound by party ties, but looks ever to the best results for the public interests involved, but he never slights the duties of citizenship, and always performs them with intelligence and a stern sense of his liability to his fellow men. Fraternally he is connected with the Improved Order of Red Men. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)



JAMES L. HURT

Left an orphan by the death of his father when the son was but thirteen, and by that of his mother half a year earlier, James L. Hurt, of Center, Saguache county, ill prepared as he was for the battle of life, took up his burden courageously and has bravely borne it ever since, making his own way in this struggling world, but using all his opportunities to good purpose and making his every effort tell to his advantage.  He was born on May 26, 1854, near the town of Roanoke, Howard county, Missouri, and is the son of Thomas A. and Miranda (Lee) Hurt, who also were born and reared in Missouri, and remained there until death, that of the mother occurring in September, 1867, and that of the father in February, 1868.  The father was a farmer and dealer in livestock, shipping numbers of cattle, horses and other stock to Eastern markets, and was successful in his business until the outbreak of the Civil war called him to the service of his section, when he joined the Confederate army under Capt. William McCowan.  His military service broke up his business and as the whole South suffered severely in the war, he died too soon after is close to pass the critical period of that part of the country, and retrieve his fortunes.  Four of the children survived their parents, William, John R., James L., and Mrs. W. K. Manis.  The father was an earnest and devoted Democrat in political faith and took an active interest in the affairs of his party, James L was educated in the country district schools and the high school at Roanoke, Missouri, and after the death of his parents he secured employment in farming and raising stock in his native state, where he remained until 1881, when he came to Colorado, proceeding almost immediately to the San Luis valley and locating in Saguache county.  He purchased the interest of W. T. Downing in a mercantile establishment, Mr. Downing being a partner in the business with Samuel Jewell.  Messrs. Hurt and Jewell carried on the enterprise with fair success until 1885, when they sold it and turned their attention to raising sheep and cattle.  This they did together until 1891, and in that year Mr. Hurt bought Mr. Jewell’s interest in the business and has since conducted it extensively alone.  He has been a large and active shipper to various markets and has made a pronounced success of his industry.  By 1885 he had acquired four hundred and eighty acres of land, and in 1898 he bought two additional ranches, those of Bedell and Wilson, comprising two thousand six hundred acres, and by subsequent purchases he has increased his holdings to four thousand acres, all good land and well advanced in cultivation.  He introduced mules into the neighborhood and has since raised them and horses in large numbers, running also large herds of cattle, and making every effort to secure the best grades and output in each.  His favorite breeds of cattle are the Galloway and the Polled Angus, and of horses the Percheron.  In 1897, realizing the need of a town in his vicinity, he located the town site of Center, he then owning the quarter section of the land on which it is plotted, and he now has the finest residence in the town.  When he moved into this valley there was not a house or even a fence stake where Center has since grown to a promising size and importance, and the only house between Crestone and Alamosa was one owned by George Taylor and used as a half-way road house.  Mr. Hurt has greatly improved his original farm, the others being improved when he bought them, and has made it one of the most valuable and attractive of its size in the county.  He has been steadily prosperous in all his undertakings, and is esteemed as one of the best business men in his section.  He is a third degree Mason, with membership in Vulcan lodge, No. 432, at Hooper.  He also belongs to the order of Woodmen of the World.  In politics he was for years a Populist, and as such was twice elected to the legislature, but he is now a stanch Republican.  He is a prominent and influential citizen, well known throughout a wide extent of country and held in the highest regard everywhere.  Having endured many trials and harships in his early life, he knows how to sympathize and judicially aid others in like circumstances, and is ever genial and generous.  On February 26, 1885, he was married to Miss Ida B. Reed, a native of Johnson county, Missouri, reared in Colorado.  Her parents are Thomas D. and Mary E. Reed, natives of Delaware who moved to Missouri and afterward to Colorado, remaining in this state until 1900, then changing their residence to California, where they are now living.  The father farmed and raised stock in Missouri, and in Colorado mined and prospected.  Mr. and Mrs. Hurt have three children, Thomas C., Minnie P. and Lulu B.  [Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Nancy Overlander]



FREDERICK JEEP
Frederick Jeep, one of the oldest settlers in Saquache county, and conducting a flourishing ranch and cattle industry on his ranch of three hundred and twenty acres, five miles southeast of the county seat, and one of the most generally respected citizens of that whole section of the state, is a native of the province of Hanover, Germany, born on October 9, 1842.  He is the son of Frederick and Charlotte (Sharper) Jeep, who were also born and reared in Hanover, and passed their lives in that province.  The father throughout his mature life an officer in the customs service, and was prosperous and well esteemed.  He died in 1872 and his wife in 1901.  Eight of their children survive them, George, Alvina, Matilda, Frederick, Dora, Emma, Mrs. Carl Nels and Mrs.Herman Schroeder.  Frederick received a common-school education, and at the age of fourteen went to sea as a cabin boy.  He followed the sea twelve years, and in the course of his service visited all quarters of the globe and rose to the position of a master seaman.  In 1867 he came west and, after a short stay at Cheyenne, at that time a hamlet of tents, he started farther west from Julesburg with an ox team.  After two days journeying in this way he fell in with a United States government expedition, and from that time drove one of the mule teams attached to it.  Several bands of Indians threatened the train, but as it was able to defend itself, they did not attack it.  After leaving this government train Mr. Jeep engaged in making ties for the Union Pacific Railroad, continuing in that employment until early in 1868, when he came to Denver, this state, by stage, and there he followed a variety of occupations during the succeeding four years, but was principally engaged in mining and ranching.  In 1871 he accompanied Samuel J. Slain to Saguache County, traveling overland with horse and mule teams by way of Turkey creek, Canyon, Fairplay, Trout creek, the Arkansas River and Poucha pass.  They were eight days making the trip, and had an interesting time while doing so.  After his arrival in the county Mr. Jeep took up pre-emption and homestead claims of one hundred and sixty acres each, which together form his present ranch, and the tracts are adjoining.  He took the land as nature gave it and the improvements it now contains have all been made up by him.  These comprise a good modern house, first-rate barns, fences, sheds and other structures, and artificial supplies of water for irrigation.  The principal crops are oats, wheat, barley and potatoes and cattle are raised in large numbers.  On August 5, 1880, Mr. Jeep was married to Miss Metta Schwarmann, a native of Germany.  They have had four children, one of whom, Frederick died, and three, George, Mrs. Bert Alexander and Charlotte, are living.  With one hundred and twenty acres of his ranch in grain, and the rest given up to hay and pasture, Mr. Jeep is always sure of a good crop of some kind, and as the quality of his products is high, the regularity and extent of his income is not uncertain.  His natural progressiveness and his patriotism to the land of his adoption have made him a useful member of the citizenship of the county, and as he was one of the earliest settlers in the region of his home, so he has been one of the most influential and effective forces in developing it and stamping it with the spirit of modern enterprise and civilization.  [Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Sandra Podgurski]


SAMUEL JEWELL
Coming to Colorado more than twenty-five years ago as a young man, Samuel Jewell, the treasurer of Saguache county, entered at once into the spirit of the country and soon made himself known to its people as a man of unusual energy and business capacity, and taking his place cheerfully in the ranks of its workers, began a career of steady advancement in prosperity and public esteem which has continued until now and gives abundant promise of still further distinction and usefulness. He is a native of Chenango county, New York, born on Christmas day, 1852, and the son of Samuel and Matilda Jewell, who were born and reared in Massachusetts and moved to Illinois, after a residence of some years in the state of New York, first locating in Chicago and afterwards in McHenry county. There the mother died in 1858 and after that event the father moved to Kansas, where he passed away in 1865. He was a shoemaker and prospered in his vocation. In political allegiance he was warmly attached to the Republican party. Two children survive them, Samuel and his brother James. The former received a common and high-school education at Marengo, Illinois, and after leaving school followed various occupations in that state until he moved to Missouri in 1866. There he passed thirteen years in Johnson county, then in March, 1879, came to Colorado and located at Canon City. From that place he freighted to a number of different points and kept a general store at Alamosa. From the fall of 1880 to July, 1881, he made Alamosa his headquarters and continued freighting until the spring of 1881. He then turned his attention to raising sheep and cattle, with ranching as an additional venture, on his own account. His present ranch comprises four hundred and eighty acres, of which one hundred and sixty are grain land and three hundred and twenty are devoted to hay and pasturing. Six artesian wells supply the place with an abundance of water for stock purposes, and it is otherwise well improved. Mr. Jewell has been prominent and active from his arrival here. He is a firm and loyal Republican, and has never withheld his aid in the campaigns of his party, and has always made his efforts in its behalf tell to its advantage. In the fall of 1889 he was elected county treasurer as its candidate, and at the end of his term in the fall of 1904 was triumphantly re-elected by an increased majority. From 1886 to 1890 he furnished by contract all the mutton used at the Aspen mining camps and ever since 1880 the town of Saguache has been his trading point, and for a number of years it has been the place of his residence. He is a shrewd, observant and progressive business man, and an exceptionally successful politician. In the fraternal life of the county he has been valuable and inspiring as a member of the order of Elks. On February 26, 1876, he was joined in wedlock with Miss Sarah Cleveland, a native of Missouri. They had two children, Sallie, who died, and Guy, who is living. The mother died in February, 1881, and on January 27, 1892, the father married a second wife, Miss Lucy Nichols, who was born in Illinois. The fruit of this union is two children, Hester and Edith. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)


PRICE M. JONES
With the burdens of life resting upon him from an early age and developing in him the force of character and self-reliance to which responsibility always educates the capable and responsive character, Price M. Jones, one of the leading merchants of Saguache and an extensive cultivator of fruit and hay, came to Colorado in 1875, nearly thirty years ago, well fitted for a frontier existence and struggle for advancement, and since that time has borne his part well and wisely in all the civil, social and commercial life of his county.  He was born in Fountain County, Indiana, on July 13, 1842, and reared in Illinois, where his parents located in his childhood.  They were farmers, and on the Illinois farm his father, John P. Jones, a native of Kentucky, but reared in Adams County, Ohio, died in 1858 when the son was but sixteen years of age, and the oldest of seven children.  The mother, a native of Adams county, Ohio, whose maiden name was Julia A. Adams, was a woman of resolute nature, and she at once took hold of the interests of the family and, with the aid of her son Price, carried on the business until all the six children reached maturity and were able to provide for themselves.  In the arduous effort required to keep everything moving forward and in prosperous condition, Mr. Jones's health gave way, and in 1875 he brought his mother and two sisters who were still at home to this state, and after remaining a few days at Canon City moved on to Saguache, then a little hamlet.  Ranch property was purchased at once, and while it was being put in condition for productiveness and a home he engaged in clerking.  His father was an ardent and energetic Republican in political allegiance, and he and his wife were devout and serviceable members of the Baptist church.  The mother died in this state in 1884.  Her brother, M. N. Adams, was a pioneer in Presbyterian Church work in Minnesota, having been superintendent of state missions for twenty years and served as a chaplain in the regular army with the rank of major.  His wife was also a teacher.  In February, 1862, Mr. Jones enlisted in Company G, Sixty-first Illinois Infantry, and served in the war until June 1, 1865.  Once he was discharged on account of disabilities incurred in the service, but he soon afterward reenlisted.  In 1876, after clerking a few months, he brought a small stock of goods and opened a store in Saguache.  This mercantile enterprise he has enlarged until it covers a general like of commodities and is one of the leading institutions of its kind in the town.  He also purchased town property, and by turning it over and carrying on a real estate business of some magnitude aided greatly in building up the town and promoting its best interests.  From the time of his arrival here he has been very active in Sunday school and church work and the fraternal life of the community, being instrumental in founding the Baptist church organization in this part of the state, greatly enlarging the volume and zeal of the Sunday school forces and organizing Centennial Lodge of Odd Fellows, of which he is a charter member.  One of his most valued and valuable possessions is a ten-acre fruit garden which is considered the finest in the San Luis valley, and the fruit and vegetables from which took the prize awarded by the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad at the Alamosa Fair of 1889.  He also has one thousand and fifty acres of hay and grain land in the county which yields abundantly and produces hay and grain of the first quality, never failing in its yield or falling below the high standard its output has attained.  On July 4, 1868, he was joined in wedlock with Miss Elmira J. Matthews, a native of Ohio who grew to maturity in Illinois.  They have two children, Edgar N. and Edith.  That Mr. Jones is conducting several lines of business, all of which minister to the growth, aggrandizement and wealth of the county, and in each of which he is winning success, proves that he is a gentlemen of unusual business capacity and enterprise; and that he is universally esteemed throughout the county shows that his life is upright and serviceable, and that people around him appreciate energy, progressiveness and elevated citizenship. [Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Sandra Podgurski]



WALLACE ABIJAH JOHNSON
A resident of Colorado since 1889, Wallace A. Johnson, of Saguache county, has during the last fifteen years been actively engaged in the various industries carried on in the locality of his residence, and has shown himself to be a far-seeing and resourceful man, never without employment of importance, and always at the front in projects for the improvement of the region and the advantage of its people.  He has capacity for carrying on affairs of magnitude, and in a sparsely settled region, as this was when he came here, such men are of especial value.  MR. Johnson was born near Van Wert, Ohio, on September 13, 1859, and is the son of Joseph H. and Mary A. (Goodwin) Johnson, who were born and reared in Ohio and lived in Iowa form 1861 to 1889, part of the time in Polk county and the remainder at Garden Grove in Decatur county. In April 1889, they came to Colorado, and until 1892 lived in Saguache county, then moved to Rio Grande county, where they resided eight years, returning to Saguache in 1900.  The father was a farmer and school teacher in Ohio, but in Iowa and Colorado he gave his whole attention to ranching and raising stock.  He is an unwavering Republican in politics, and a progressive man in all matters of local improvement.  Of the nine children in the family Alice and Frederick have died, and Wallace A., Mrs. Charles S. Dick, Frank, Flora, Mrs. Andrew Gemmill, Davis B. and Nerva are living.  Wallace obtained his education in the public schools and in two terms at the graded schools of Iowa Center.  The necessity for his labor on the homestead limited his opportunities, but enabled him to form early in life habits of industry and self-reliance.  In 1879 he formed a partnership with his father to carry on the farming interests of the family, and this continued until 1890.  For a year thereafter he was engaged in saw-mill work, and during this period he aided in building the Gotthelf store at Saguache.  From 1891 to 1893 he was associated with the Gotthelf Mercantile Company, and in the latter year he bought the stage line between Saguache and Villagrove, and operated it in partnership with his brother Frank.  In the spring of 1894 he sold his interest to his brother and returned to his former connection with the Gotthelf Mercantile Company, with which he continued in the same capacity until April 1898, when he became a full partner with Isaac Gotthelf in the cattle industry, and to this he has since given his exclusive attention, together with the ranching interests connected with it.  Their ranch comprises twelve hundred acres and is located near the town of Saguache.  The business is carried on extensive, Mr. Johnson being an exceptionally fine judge of cattle, and a manager of a high order of capacity and vigor.  In political matters he loyally supports the Republican party from earnest conviction, and never withholds his efficient services when the party needs them.  He has served many years as chairman of its local committees.  After the nomination of the late President McKinley in 1896, he remained true to is faith, and was the only firm and unyielding Republican in the county.  He is a third-degree Freemason, a self-made and prosperous man, and a prominent citizen, everywhere known and very popular in all portions of the county.  On November 22, 1881, he united in marriage with Miss Hannah Quayle, a native of the Isle of Man.  They have had six children, three of whom died in infancy, and a son named Frank L. was killed by lighting on June 21, 1900.  The living children are their sons Curt and Charles. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Richard Ramos)







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