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New Haven County
Prior to European settlement, the New Haven area was the home of the Quinnipiac tribe of Native Americans, who lived in villages around the harbor and subsisted off local fisheries and the farming of maize. In April 1638, a party of 500 Puritans who left the Massachusetts Bay Colony under the leadership of the Reverend John Davenport and the London merchant Theophilus Eaton, sailed into the harbor. These settlers were hoping to establish a better theological community than the one they left in Massachusetts and sought to take advantage of the excellent port capabilities of the harbor. The Quinnipiacs, who were under attack by neighboring Pequots, sold their land to the settlers in return for protection.
New Haven was incorporated as a city in 1784, and Roger Sherman, one of the signers of the Constitution and author of the "Connecticut Compromise", became the new city's first mayor.
Until 1960, the city of New Haven was the county seat.
Cities and Towns
Ansonia (City) * Beacon Falls (Town) * Bethany (Town) * Branford (Town) * Cheshire (Town) * Derby (City) * East Haven (Town) * Guilford (Town) * Hamden (Town) * Madison (Town) * Meriden (City) * Middlebury (Town) * Milford (City) * Devon (village) * Woodmont (Borough) * Naugatuck (Borough) * New Haven (City) * North Branford (Town) * Northford (a village of North Branford) * North Haven (Town) * Orange (Town) * Oxford (Town) * Prospect (Town) * Seymour (Town) * Southbury (Town) * Wallingford (Town) * Yalesville (village) * Waterbury (City) * West Haven (City) * Wolcott (Town) * Woodbridge (Town)
The City of New Haven has many distinct neighborhoods. In addition to Downtown, centered on the central business district and the Green, are the following neighborhoods: the west central neighborhoods of Dixwell and Dwight; the southern neighborhoods of The Hill, historic water-front City Point (or Oyster Point), and the harborside district of Long Wharf; the western neighborhoods of Edgewood, West River, Westville, Amity, and West Rock-Westhills; East Rock, Cedar Hill, Prospect Hill, and Newhallville in the northern side of town; the east central neighborhoods of Mill River and Wooster Square, an Italian-American neighborhood; Fair Haven, an immigrant community located between the Mill and Quinnipiac rivers; Quinnipiac Meadows and Fair Haven Heights across the Quinnipiac River; and facing the eastern side of the harbor, The Annex and East Shore (or Morris Cove).
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