Augusta-Richmond County, Georgia
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the Genealogy Trails Group
Hello and welcome to the Genealogy Trails website
for Augusta-Richmond County, Georgia.
This County is available for adoption.
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Nicknames: The Garden City (of the South), Masters City, The AUG
In 1996, the City of Augusta and Richmond County consolidated to form one government - Augusta-Richmond County.
Augusta was first used by Native Americans as a place to cross the Savannah River, because of Augusta's location
on the fall line.
In 1735, two years after James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, he sent a detachment of troops on a journey up the
Savannah River. He gave them an order to build at the head of the navigable part of the river. The job fell into
the hands of Nobel Jones, who created the settlement to provide a first line of defense against the Spanish and
the French. Oglethorpe then named the town Augusta, in honor of Princess Augusta, wife of Frederick, Prince of
The town was laid out on the flat slopes of the Savannah River, just east of the sand hills that would come to
be known as "Summerville". The townspeople got along peacefully most of the time with the surrounding
tribes of Creek and Cherokee Indians.
In 1739, construction began on a road to connect Augusta to Savannah. This made it possible for people to reach
Augusta by horse, rather than by boat, and more people began to migrate inland to Augusta. Later, in 1750, Augusta's
first church, St. Paul's, was built near Fort Augusta. It became the leader of the local parish.
Under Georgia's new constitution, a new political structure was laid out in 1777, and Augusta's parish government
would be replaced by a new county government, Richmond County, which was named after the Duke of Richmond.
Only the links in color are active.