Georgia Genealogy Trails
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Two women had come into Byron, (on the upper line of Baker
county,) who made their escape from the savages, badly wounded. The Baker county
troops turned out in pursuit of the Indians, and were close to them as they
began their work of murder; but they became alarmed, and dispersed, to hasten
the flight of their own families. The people are all leaving that section, and
the and is crowded with men, women and children, on their way to the up
The families of Holliwell, Jones, and
Nix, on the Chickasahatchee, are among those murdered. John Pagget and child,
dead—Widow Hayes, do.—Holliwell's wife and child badly founded, himself killed.
Thirteen dead bodies had been fund, by 10 o'clock on Sunday.
Considerable excitement prevailed in
Baker, &c. because the troops had been ordered away from that section to
defend other places, as the inhabitants believed, less exposed.
Date: Thursday, June 30, 1836
Paper: Macon Weekly Telegraph (Macon, GA) Volume: X Issue: 53
Murder and Robbery In Baker
The Bainbridge Southern Georgian of the
21st instant says: Russell, a hard working and honest old negro, from near
Milford, in Baker county, who had been down here trading and then on his way
back, was brutally murdered, and robbed near Oliver Arnett's plantation about
six miles from here, on the night of the 6th instant, by a negro named General
The body of the unfortunate man was found
on the 18th about one hundred yards from the road. The black scoundrel shot him
down in the public road, and then dragged his body to the spot where it was
found by Mr. Hays, who lives on the farm. From the best information he was
killed for thirty dollars. The officers of the law an after the
Caught.—Our efficient Sheriff H. B.
Waugh, caught and lodged in jail on last Tuesday, the negro General Amos,
charged with the murder of Drewry Russell, colored.
Date: Friday, January 29, 1869
Paper: Macon Weekly Telegraph (Macon, GA) Volume: XLIII Issue:
11 Page: 8
Homicide in Baker County
The Columbus Enquirer gathers the
following particulars from a private letter just received from Baker county
On Friday, 1st September, Mr. James W.
Ivey, a son of Mr. K. D. Ivey, one of the most influential citizens of that
county, was killed by a negro laborer, on the plantation of the latter, named
Sam Long. It seems that there were some hogs missing, and suspicion rested on
this negro, who owned hogs himself. Deceased, thinking that the mark had been
altered, had been hunting the missing hogs, and the negro threatened to shoot
deceased if he "did not quit bothering himself about his hogs;" after which
deceased thought it prudent to carry a pistol with which to defend himself in
case he was attacked by said negro.
On Friday, September 1st, deceased was
out hunting for the missing swine, and while out went near the Negro's house,
and began to call hogs; whereupon said negro came out and commanded deceased "to
let his hogs alone" and deceased told him "he would do nothing of the kind until
he looked at his hogs and saw if his
missing ones were not among them, and
told him to go into his house, that he did not want any difficulty with him. The
negro started in, and his wife met and told him that he should not have his gun,
but he rushed in and succeeded in getting a double barreled gun, loaded with
buckshot, and went out and fired at deceased, the shot taking effect in the left
shoulder, face and eye. Seeing the first shot had not produced the desired
effect, he fired the second barrel, which took effect in the left side very near
the heart. Deceased then told a negro, who had rushed to his side, to lay him
down as he was killed. The negro who had laid him down, then went in quest of a
white man who lived near by, named Whitley, who was soon by his aide, and
remained with him until he breathed his last, half an hour afterwards.
Deceased stated to Whitley that he bore
the negro Sam no malice, and that he carried his pistol to defend himself in
ease he should be attacked by him. A coroner's inquest was held soon after, and
the following verdict was rendered : "Deceased came to his death from the
effects of gunshot wounds in the hands of one Sam Long, (colored) received on
the 1st of September, 1871, in the 7th district Baker county,
Ga., the first one of which would have
been sufficient to produce death, having taken effect in the head, neck and
should; the second taking effect in the left near the heart."
The murderer escaped, and had not been
heard of at last accounts.
It is stated that the murdered young man
was a model of affection in his family, and a most dutiful son. He was about
twenty-two years of age. His aged parents and his brothers and sisters have the
warmest sympathy of
One Of His Warmest Friends
Date: Tuesday, September 19, 1871
Paper: Macon Weekly Telegraph (Macon, GA) Volume: LXV Issue:
12 Page: 3
Gideo White [note: Gideon Wade], of Baker
county, has been indicted by the grand jury for the murder of J. L. Heady, was
found guilty, recommended to the mercy of the court, and is going to play
insane. [Friday, May
14, 1880 Paper: Macon Weekly Telegraph (Macon, GA) Volume: LV
We also learn from the News that the
"man" Ready. who killed a Mr. Wade in Baker county some two years ago, and
afterwards made his escape, was arrested in Mitchell county, on last Saturday,
he is now in Baker County Jail. [Friday, August 5, 1881 Paper: Macon
Weekly Telegraph (Macon, GA) Volume: LV Issue:
31 Page: 2]
Arlington Advance: We learn that Gideon Wade, who
is under sentence for killing John Ready in Baker county several weeks ago, made
his escape from jail, in Newton, last Friday night. He sawed out the iron bars
in one of the windows of his cell. [Georgia Weekly Telegraph, Journal &
Messenger, May 28, 1880, contributed by Amie Cleghorn]
A CONVICT MAD MAN.
Unfortunate's Trip From The Coal Mines
To The Asylum.
Hi! Hi! Whoop! I'm
the king! Move on!
This was the series of wild utterances which greeted the
ears of those in the Union Depot yesterday evening as the 6:35 Western and
Atlantic train rolled in.
The speaker was a tall, cadaverous looking,
hatchet-faced individual of apparently sixty years of age, and as he stood on
the platform of the car which he was leaning, and attracted the attention of the
crowd by his peculiar greeting, it was seen that he wore a heavy chain on his
leg, and that his wrists were joined by a pair of handcuffs. His hair was
disheveled and he was coatless, and he eyed the crowd with an eagerness which
showed that his surroundings were strange to him. A man was with him, leading
him from the car and as the two reached the platform the manacled man drew back
I'm going to Macon, I discovered Macon 499 years ago
me and General Forrest- The klu-klux have got me, but I'll down 'em. The rebels
arc coming! Took out!
They can't down me and old Forrest!"
Gideon," said the man with him and without any further remarks the strange
speaker followed and the two men got aboard the Central train. They entered the
smoking car and the short man quietly wrapped the chain which the taller wore on
his leg around the iron framework of the car seat, locked it, and then took a
seat himself. One was Gideon Wade, a life convict who has served over ten years
in the Georgia penitentiary, and the other was Mr. H. Scott, a Dade county coal
mine guard, who was taking the life convict to the lunatic asylum at
Milledgeville. Wade has worked in the coal mines over nine years, and never left
their precincts from that time until yesterday. He is from Decatur County, and
is in the penitentiary for murder. Until two months ago he was one of the best
workman in the mines but his mind has since been rapidly giving away. He is now
a raving maniac, and grows violent and dangerous at times. It is said that his
mental trouble is due to his having heard that his wife was going to marry
again. The murder for which he was sent to the penitentiary was committed on her
account, he having killed a man whom he believed to have been unduly intimate
with her. [Transcribed by Amie Cleghorn from The Atlanta Constitution. July
Suicided through Shame The
Sad Fate of Mrs. Bass of Baker County. Accused of Infidelity
Albany, April 5.—[Special.1—Mr. C. W.
Bass of Hardup, Baker county, twelve miles below this city, came to town and
gave the news of his wife's death by her own hand which happened at their home
early this morning.
SHROUDED IN MYSTERY AND SHAME.
From what your correspondent could learn
her death is shrouded in mystery and shame, The couple have lived together
twelve years but of late Mr. Bass says that he had good reason to think his wife
guilty of infidelity. Last Monday the proof became so strong that he openly
declared his suspicions to her and quit his home.
Yesterday Mrs. Bass came to town and
procured a bottle of morphine and this morning ended her life by taking
one-eighth of an ounce. The couple had no children.
WAS HIS ACCUSATION TRUE
The public is not satisfied as to whether
Mr. Bass had sufficient cause for the terrible accusation that brought such sad
results. He seems to be terribly grieved over his wife's peculiarly sad death.
The family is a very respectable one
Date: Saturday, April 6, 1889
Paper: Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA) Page: 2
From Baker County
Col. Reuben Jones of Baker County ,a
brother of the late Primus Jones, was in Macon yesterday. Mr. Jones says that
the fruit crop of Baker county will be almost an entire failure this year, but
that the corn, melon and cotton crops will be very good. Mr. Jones raises about
300 pounds each year of seed from a variety of melon originated by himself, and
is engaged solely in the business of raising watermelons for seed.
Date: Saturday, April 19, 1890
Paper: Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA) Page: 5
Murdered by Enemies. A Negro
Woman Waylaid and Killed in Baker County. Her Friends Meet a Horrible Spectacle
i their Search for The Woman
Albany, Aug. 39.—[Special]—A most
diabolical crime is reported in this city this evening from the seventh district
of Baker County. The particulars were not obtained, but the facts as gathered by
the writer are as follows:
Rene Williams, a negro woman, appeared in
a justice court a few days ago as a witness against some Negroes who were
charged with some crime or other. Her testimony convicted the
She left Newton for her home, but failed
to get there. Her friends waited a reasonable time for her return and then
started out in search of her, following the road she should have traveled until
they reached a lonely and secluded spot,
The party discovered hogs devouring
something. Their curiosity led them to an investigation, and to their horror
they found it to be the body of Rena Williams, who evidently had been murdered
and buried just under the surface of the earth.
The full particulars will be forthcoming
shortly and no doubt will prove one of the darkest crimes known in the history
of southwest Georgia.
Date: Sunday, August 30, 1891
Paper: Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA) Page: 1
WHITECAPS IN BAKER
Leary. May 24 - White caps in Baker
County last Saturday night, three white men, called on a negro named Amos
Williams. They claimed to want to borrow his horse. He refused them, giving his
excuse that the horse did not belong to him.
They knocked him down and then put the
trace on him. He made a break for liberty and they fired at him five times.
About this time a white man by the name of Riley came up. They did him likewise,
bruising his face very much. This is a shame on the community.
Date: Friday, May 25, 1894 Paper:
Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA) Page: 5
JAIL DELIVERY IN BAKER
ALBANY, Ga.. June 18.—News reached the
city today of a jail delivery which occurred at Newton, Baker county,
Monday night. Several prisoners made good their escape. M. C. Coker, a white
man, charged with murder of William Collins, a prominent farmer, was among those
who escaped. None of the escapes have been captured.
Date: Thursday, June 19, 1902
Paper: Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA) Page: 4
Tragedy In Baker County-McCoker Shoots
ALBANY, Ga., May 10.—News reached Albany
today of a murder which occurred in Baker county last Saturday. M. C. Coker shot
and killed William Collins. The two men met near a church, and Coker. who was
armed with a Winchester, shot Collins through the heart. Coker claims that the
killing was due to an attempted assault upon his wife, but was unable to
introduce any evidence before the coroner's jury to substantiate his statement.
He was committed to jail, charged with murder in the first degree. Both men are
well-to-do farmers, and the matter is regretted by a large circle of
Date: Sunday, May 11, 1902 Paper:
Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA) Section: First Page: 1
Triple Lynching in Georgia Three
Negroes Meet Death at Hands of Mob in Baker County
Baker County, Ga.. was the scene of a
triple lynching early Friday morning. The affair took place about a mile from
Newton, the county seat, and 21 miles below Albany.
The mob's victims were George McKinney,
Garfield McCoy and Wiley Anette, Negroes who murdered F. S. Bullard,
a white farmer living near Peace, in Baker county. They were
forcibly taken from the jail at newton.
Date: Saturday, July 4, 1903 Paper:
Savannah Tribune (Savannah, GA) Volume: XVIII Issue: 39 Page:
BAKER COUNTY'S FIRST LEGAL HANGING IN
NEWTON, Ga., May 20- The first legal
execution ever held in Baker County will be the hanging of Ed Jones, a negro on
June 9, unless it is called off by executive intervention.
This does not mean that men have not been
hanged in Baker County. This is merely the first in which the victim was
not attended to by a mob.
Date: Sunday, May 21, 1911 Location:
Georgia Paper: Macon Telegraph
HOT SHERIFF'S CONTEST ON IN BAKER
NEWTON March 23—A hot race is on for
sheriff of Baker county which will be decided in a primary to be held April 5.
Sheriff Hub Radford is out for re-election and he has two hustling opponents,
J.H. Cotton and W. A. McDowell.
The former bases his claims for the
office on the fact that he has served fourteen years as an arresting officer,
and the latter's friends urge his fitness for the office by reason of the
experience gained as county convict warden of Baker in which capacity he has
served for several years.
Date: Sunday, March 24, 1912 Paper:
Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA) Page: Eight
Baker County Farmer Killed By A
Albany, Ga, Nov. 15.—John Bailey, a
farmer of Baker County, last night was killed and robbed of about $300 near his
home, supposedly by a negro, with whom he had left his house for the purpose of
living him a place to sleep in his barn.
The negro, Solomon Booker, is now being
sought by posses of officers and citizens from four counties.
The negro, it is said, called at the
Bailey home and asked to be allowed to spend the night in the barn. Mr. Bailey,
taking a blanket from the house, went with him to the barn, but when he failed
to return, a search was instituted. His body was found nearby, his head having
been crushed with an axe. Later the money was recovered by officers from the
home of a relative of the negro, where he is alleged have left it.
Date: Thursday, November 16,
1916 Paper: Augusta Chronicle (Augusta, GA) Page: 2
Man Hunt in Baker County. Deputy Sheriff
Killed by Negro
Deputy Sheriff Killed By Negro
Zimmer Anthony also Wounds White Farmer
From Ambush- Oscar M'Donald Is Dead- Peter Watson in Bainbridge Hospital; Negro
Bainbridge Ga., March 4.—A man hunt is on
in Baker county for Zimmer Anthony, a negro, charged with shooting and mortally
wounding Deputy Sheriff Oscar McDonald and slightly wounding Peter Watson, a
farmer, according to reports received here today from Newton, the county
McDonald died this afternoon in a local
hospital. He was brought here yesterday with Watson for medical treatment.
Little hopes are being entertained for the recovery of Watson.
Late reports from Baker county stated
that a large posse of officers and citizens had the negro surrounded near the
scene of the shooting and his capture is expected hourly.
It was learned here today that McDonald
stopped the negro on a highway near Newton and requested him to go on an errand
for him. The negro backed away from the officer, thinking that the latter had a
warrant for him. and said he was tired of being troubled by white men. He then
shot the officer with a 38 caliber rule which he was carrying at the
McDonald Given Medical Aid.
McDonald was picked up on the highway and
brought here by Dr. Keaton, of Damascus. McDonald was shot through the abdomen,
the bullet piercing the liver and the right lung.
Peter Watson, a white tenant farmer on
the Riverside farms, just beyond the Decatur county line, was shot from ambush
Thursday afternoon when be. In company with S.N. Davis, proprietor of the farms,
were entering the gates of Quey Henley, a negro tenant. Anthony' aunt, to see
about some. hogs. The place is located on the Flint river and it is believed
that Anthony was in hiding near the house, and mistook the two men for
Watson is resting in a local hospital
with a broken arm and flesh wound in the chest. It is firmly believed that the
same negro who shot McDonald also shot Watson.
Date: Saturday, March 5, 1921
Paper: Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA) Page: One
One Negro Dead in Baker County.
Man Hunt for Slayer of Deputy Sheriff McDonald Continues
ALBANY, Ga., March 5,—One negro is dead
in the wake of the path traversed by large posses of officers and citizens in
Baker county for Zimmer Anthony, a negro, wanted for slaying Deputy
Sheriff Oscar McDonald and wounding Peter Watson, a white farmer, on Thursday,
according to reports received here from Newton, the county seat of Baker,
Will Anderson, a negro, alleged by
members of a posse to have become surly when they inquired why he was so heavily
armed, stating to his questioners that they could not have his guns, but could
"get what was in them" Anderson is now dead. It is believed that he was
attempting to shield the hunted negro, Anthony, when he was questioned by the
Baker County on Tiptoes
Banker county is on its tiptoes today and
has been since Anthony shot down the officer when the latter requested him to go
an errand. The negro informed the officer that "he was tired of waiting on white
people" and sent a high-powered rifle bullet through the officer's stomach,
McDonald was taken to Bainbridge for medical treatment, but death claimed him
Anthony left the scene of this shooting
and went to the home of his aunt's on the Flint River Thursday afternoon, Peter
Watson, a white cropper, with some friends, were near the Negro's unknown hiding
place feeding and examining hogs, Anthony, thinking that the men were officers,
opened fire from ambush. Watson fell. He is now in the Bainbridge Hospital,
where, reports say today that his condition is critical.
Watson's friends recognized Anthony as he
fled from the scene. An alarm was immediately given and his trail was
immediately taken up.
When the negro, Anderson, appeared in the
Twelfth District Friday afternoon with a rifle and a shotgun, he was suspected
by white men to have come there for the purpose of assisting Anthony, known to
be his friend, lit was told to go hack home with his guns. He is said to have
replied that the white men could not have his guns, but could "get what was in
them." After he returned home a party of white men went to the Seventh District
in an automobile to get him, they stated, In order to make him explain his
presence in the Twelfth District and perhaps to give clues which might lead to
the hiding place of Anthony.
Negro Fleeing When Shot.
They caught the negro end white returning
with him to the Twelfth District they encountered another searching party,
whereupon the negro leaped from the auto in which he was held and started to
run. Members of the posse. thinking he was the hunted negro, Anthony, they
stated afterward fired upon him causing his death.
A great deal of excitement is prevailing
throughout the county and hundreds of men are engaged in the search after
Anthony. It was stated late today that no definite trail had
been discovered and that the capture of
the negro was in doubt. Farmers from neighboring counties are aiding in the
Date: Sunday, March 6, 1921 Paper:
Macon Telegraph (Macon, GA) Page: One
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