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Bartow County, GA


Bartow County was created from the Cherokee lands of the Cherokee County territory on December 3, 1832, and named Cass County, after General Lewis Cass (1782–1866) Secretary of War under President Jackson, Minister to France and Secretary of State under President Buchannan, until renamed on December 6, 1861 in honor of Francis S. Bartow. The original county seat was at Cassville, but after the burning of the county courthouse and the Sherman Occupation the seat moved to Cartersville, where it now remains.
 
The county was profoundly affected by the Civil War, setting it back economically for many decades. May 18 and 19, 1864, General Thomas led the Army of the Cumberland after General Hardee's Corps of the Army of Tennessee, and General McPherson led his Federal Army of the Tennessee flanking Hardee's army to the west. This huge army was disruptive and sought food. Elements were out of control and sacked homes depleting meager supplies.
 
Property destruction and the deaths of one-third of the county's soldiers during the war caused financial and social calamity for many.
 
Slaves gained their freedom, and briefly exercised political franchise through the Republican Party. The Freedmen's Bureau agents gave blacks little effective help.[dubious – discuss] In 1870, about 1 black family in 12 owned real estate. Over a third of the blacks lived in white-headed households, working as domestic servants and laborers. The great majority of freed people were day laborers or farm laborers, while a sizable minority occupied skilled positions such as blacksmiths, wheelwrights, and iron workers.
 
By the late 1870s, hardship was experienced by everyone. Blacks had been relegated to second-class citizenship by Jim Crow laws.
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


1840 Pensioners for  Cass County


Name of Pensioners Age Head of Families who Pensioners Resided Jun 1 1840
John Lewis 83 Bayles W. Lewis
Reuben Edwards 82 Reuben Edwards
Hugh Brewster 80 William Brewster
Benjamin Haris 81 John Stokes
Charles Baker 79 Charles Baker

Contributed by Richard Ramos







 

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