Carroll County, Georgia
History and Genealogy

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The land for Lee, Muscogee, Troup, Coweta, and Carroll counties was ceded by the Creek people in the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs. This land was the last remaining portion of the Creek's Georgia territory, and was ceded by William McIntosh, chief of the Lower Creeks or White Sticks. This cession resulted in his murder at McIntosh Reserve near present day Whitesburg by fellow Creeks from northern Alabama called Red Sticks or Upper Creeks.

The county's boundaries were created by the Georgia General Assembly on June 9, but they were not named until December 14 of 1826. Carroll County was named for Charles Carroll of Maryland, at that time the last surviving signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence when the county was created in 1826. Carrollton, the county seat, was also named for this reason.

The county originally extended from the Chattahoochee River to the Alabama state line on the East and West with the northern boundary just north of present day I-20 with the Cherokees. This land was carved up over time to become Carroll, Douglas, Heard, parts of Haralson and Troup counties. A portion that became Douglas was once Campbell County which no longer exists (divided between Douglas and Fulton counties).

Even before the cession of the territory some white settlers were in the northern part of the county in the Villa Rica area.

Because of the small slave population the county was known as the Free State of Carroll in the 1850s. During the American Civil War, the county provided the Bowdon Volunteers and the Carroll Boys, which were a part of Cobb's Legion.

The county seat is Carrollton, Georgia

This county is available for adoption

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Schools; 1918 Educational Survey of Schools
1883 Pensioners
Bowdon College, 1873-4
Agriculture College, 'Aggies', 1929-29
1827 Indian Depredations Claim
News and Marriages
1939 West Georgia College Yearbook

Online Data

Bible Records









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Neighboring Counties

Paulding County, Georgia - north

Douglas County, Georgia - east

Fulton County, Georgia - east

Coweta County, Georgia - southeast

Heard County, Georgia - south

Randolph County, Alabama - southwest

Cleburne County, Alabama - west

Haralson County, Georgia - northwest

Towns/Cities in Carroll County

Bowdon / Bremen / Carrollton / Mount Zion

Roopville / Temple / Villa Rica / Whitesburg

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