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Screven County, Georgia
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History of Screven County, Georgia

Sheriffs of Screven County

Screven County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia.
As of 2000, the population was 15,374.
The 2007 Census Estimate shows a population of 15,037.
The county seat is Sylvania

The County was created on December 14, 1793, and was named after General James Screven, who served in the American Revolutionary War.

Geography
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 655.59 square miles (1,698.0 km²), of which 648.44 square miles (1,679.5 km²) (or 98.91%) is land and 7.14 square miles (18.5 km²) (or 1.09%) is water. The Savannah River borders the eastern side of the county, and the Ogeechee River borders the southwest portion. Elevation varies to around 40 feet on the Savannah river to 320 feet at the Bay Branch community, located a few miles west of Sylvania. Pine, oak, dogwood, and other trees prevalent to the South can be found in Screven County.

Demographics
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,374 people, 5,797 households, and 4,104 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 6,853 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 53.56% White, 45.29% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,797 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.00% were married couples living together, 18.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,312, and the median income for a family was $34,753. Males had a median income of $30,228 versus $20,154 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,894. About 15.50% of families and 20.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 25.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Hiltonia
Newington
Oliver
Rocky Ford
Sylvania

Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Screven County, which was formed from the counties of Burke and Effingham in 1793, was named for Gen. James Screven. Three years after it was laid out a part was set off to Bulloch and in August 1905, its size was further reduced by the erection of Jenkins county. It lies in the eastern tier of counties and prior to the last division was bounded on the east and northeast by the Savannah river, which separates it from the State of South Carolina, on the southeast by Effingham county and on the southwest by the Ogeechee river, which separated it from the counties of Bulloch and Emanuel. The climate is mild and the land is level and well watered.  Agriculture is the leading occupation, the principal products being cotton, corn, wheat, oats, potatoes, field and ground peas, rice, sorghum and sugar-cane. Fruits are easily raised and large quantities of apples, peaches and melons are shipped to Savannah.  Next to agriculture lumbering and the production of naval stores give employment to the people. Much of the original forest remains. The timber consists of oak, cypress, ash, maple, poplar and the long leaf pine. Few minerals are found, the most important being buhrstone and a fine quality of clay, the latter being developed to some extent. The main line of the Central of Georgia railway runs through the southern part, along the banks of the Ogeechee river, and there is a short railroad called the Sylvania Central, which connects with the Central at Rockyford. These lines with the Savannah river steamers afford good transportation facilities. The battle of Brier Creek was fought in this county. In 1900 the population was 19,252, a gain of 4,828 over the preceding census.
Screven, James, a hero of the Revolutionary war, was a native of South Carolina, but settled near Medway church a few years before the beginning of the Revolution. In the battle at Medway church on Nov. 24, 1778, he received a mortal wound. Col. Samuel Elbert, commander of the Americans, sent a flag of truce to the enemy and asked permission to send physicians to care for General Screven. This request was granted and Doctors Braidie and Alexander entered the British lines. They soon saw, however, that the brave man had but a few hours to live and could do nothing more than to relieve his suffering as much as possible during the brief period he had to live. His death occurred the following day. Screven county bears his name, and several of his family have been intimately and prominently identified with Georgia's progress.

Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form- Transcribed by Kristen Bisanz

Towns, Hamlets and Villages

Millhaven, a post-village in the northwestern part of Screven county, is about ten miles east of Munnerlyn, which is the nearest railroad station.
[Source: Georgia Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons,  Vol 2, Publ 1906. Transcribed by Tracy McAllister]

Mobley, a post-village in the northern part of Screven county, reported a population of 106 in 1900. It is fifteen miles north of Sylvania, which is the nearest railroad station.
[Source: Georgia Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons,  Vol 2, Publ 1906. Transcribed by Tracy McAllister]

Garnett, a post-village of Screven county, is on the east bank of Brier creek, about fifteen miles north of Sylvania, which is the nearest railroad station.  The population in 1900 was 115.
(Georgia: Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form. VOL III Publ. 1906. Transcribed by Marilyn Clore)

Hershman, a post-hamlet of Screven county, is located on the Savannah river, about eighteen miles northeast of Sylvania, which is the nearest railway station. It has some mercantile interests, and is a shipping point for the productions of the surrounding farms.
(Georgia: Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form. VOL III Publ. 1906. Transcribed by Angelia Carpenter)

Ogeechee, a village in Screven county, is on the main line of the Central of Georgia railroad, a few miles northwest of Dover. It has a money order post office, from which several free delivery routes supply mail to the rural districts, express and telegraph service, some mercantile and shipping interests, schools, churches, etc. and in 1900 reported a population of 73.
[Source: Georgia Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons,  Vol 2, Publ 1906. Transcribed by Kristen Bisanz]

Oliver, one of the important towns of Screven county, is on the main line of the Central of Georgia railroad system, not far from the Effingham county line. The population in 1900 was 350. It has some mercantile and manufacturing establishments, a money order post office, from which radiate several free delivery routes, express and telegraph service, good service and church privileges, and does considerable shipping.
[Source: Georgia Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons,  Vol 2, Publ 1906. Transcribed by Kristen Bisanz]

Stanley, a post-village in the northern part of Screven county, is near the Burke county line, and is a trading center for that section of the county. The nearest railroad station is Munnerlyn.
Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form Transcribed by Kristen Bisanz

Sylvania, the county seat of Screven county, is the terminus of a short railroad connecting it with the Central of Georgia at Rockyford. It was incorporated by act of the legislature in 1854, though it was the county seat long previous to that date. The militia district in which it is situated had in 1900 a population of 3,135, although the town proper contained only 545 inhabitants. It is an important shipping point for the county and handles large quantities of lumber, turpentine, cotton, sugar-cane, fruits and vegetables.  It has express and telegraph offices, a money order post office with rural free delivery, a bank, several successful mercantile houses, a lumber company, an oil mill and a court house and jail valued at $20,000.
Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form Transcribed by Kristen Bisanz

Reddick, a post-hamlet of Screven county, is four miles northeast of Sylvania, and not far from Brier creek.
Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form Transcribed by Kristen Bisanz

Rockyford, a town in the western part of Screven county, is at the junction of the Central of Georgia, the Sylvania Central and the Foy railroads. Its population in 1900 was 300. It has a money order post office, with rural free delivery, express and telegraph offices, several good stores, school and church advantages, and does an extensive shipping business in lumber and naval stores.
Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form Transcribed by Kristen Bisanz

Thyre, a post-village of Screven county, with a population of 57, is on the Little Ogeechee river, six miles south of Sylvania, which is the nearest railroad station.
Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form Transcribed by Kristen Bisanz

Weisman, a post-hamlet in the southeast part of Screven county, is about three miles from the Savannah river and ten miles northeast of Oliver, which is the nearest railroad station.
Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form Transcribed by Kristen Bisanz


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