Three hundred thousand acres of land on Hawaii, Sandwich Islands, being one twelfth of the whole area of the kingdom, was sold recently for $3,100. It contains a half a dozen good sized volcanoes, four or five sheep farms, and an immense quantity of pulu in the rough. The purchaser was C. C. Harris, who has been dubbed, since the auction sale, the Duke of Kahuku, which is the name of the land in question. [August 29, 1860, Illinois State Democrat - submitted by Candi Horton]
The ship William A Campbell, from Port Townsend for Queenstown, was abandoned August 28 near the Hawaiian Islands. It is believed Capt. Havers, his wife and several of the crew were lost Frank Mills, of Chicago, is a member of the crew. [The Princeton Union, (Princeton, MN), October 20, 1892 - KT - Sub by FoFG]
The seizure of five tins of opium from a storekeeper and the seizure of two tins of opium from the grip of-- a Chinese steward aboard the American-Hawaiian S. S. Arizonan yesterday morning by the custom officials opens up a greater scheme of smuggling than was at first understood to be the case.
It appears that the two tins of opium in the grip or satchel of the Chinese Leong Sang, was nothing more nor less than a plant, a blind, a bluff, under which to hide the smuggling ashore of a great quantity of the poppy juice from the Arizonan.
The Federal officials received secret information to the effect that Leong Sang and the other Chinese were, smuggling opium ashore and the sleuths of the customs department immediately descended upon the men mentioned, and, while these two men were having their effects searched and were being, placed under arrest and brought before the United States Commissioner and U. S. District Attorney Breckons, the real smugglers were landing enough dope to make somebody rich, the half-pound tins of Hongkong No. 1 now selling at $75, unstamped of course.
The two tins of dope, it is alleged, were placed in the grip of Leong Sang to distract the attention of the officials, as was the case with the five tins above mentioned [Source: Hawaiian Star Saturday July 23, 1910; transcribed by Barb Z.]
REVOLUTION IN HAWAII
San Francisco, Cal., Jan. 28 – The Hawaiian steamer Claudine arrived at this port at 2 o’clock this morning with news of a revolution at Honolulu. The revolutionists succeeded in overthrowing the government of Hawaii, and United States troops have been landed. A provisional government has been established and a commission, headed by Mr. Thurston, came on the Claudine en route to Washington with a petition to the American government to annex the Hawaiian island to the United States. [The Vernon Courier, Lamar County, AL, February 2, 1893]
WHO DOLE IS
New York, Jan. 28 – S. B. Dole, now the president of the provisional movement of Hawaii, is a son of one of the late American missionaries to Hawaii. He is a graduate of Williams’ College, and has been second associate justice of the supreme court of Hawaii. He is a scholarly man of acknowledged legal and judicial ability. [The Vernon Courier, Lamar County, AL, February 2, 1893]
A COMMISSIONER TALKS
San Francisco, Cal. Jan.28 – C. L. Carter, one of the commissioners to Washington, appointed by the provisional government, made the following statement to a united press reporter: “The object of our visit to Washington is to have the United States take possession of the Hawaiian island. We want to joint the union, not as state, however, but under a territorial or district form of government. A government like that of the District of Columbia, with the addition of a governor appointed by the president, is preferable for many reasons. There is such a large number of Chinese and other cheap laborers on the islands, who cannot be trusted to vote intelligently and if universal suffrage were declared the whites who represent almost the entire business interests of the country, would be outvoted and powerless. An entire new system of government must be built up, and the only way is to have the United States take charge. It must come to this or the whites must leave the island. Their interests are too great, however, for them to give up without a struggle, and the revolution was the result of the new constitution which was brought out by the queen. It granted her almost absolute power and disfranchised the white voters.
The natives themselves, as a rule, are not in favor of the queen’s plans. She is supported by a certain clique of about twenty, who are anxious for political power. The queen is jealous of the power of the whites, and is an ambitious scheming woman, badly advised. Under the old regime, she had no cause to complain.
She enjoyed an income of between $75,000 and $100,000, with no responsibility, but she undertook to mix in politics, and got the worst of it. The queen was supported by her favorite, R. B. Wilson, the Marshall of the kingdom, and the government troops.
“Our commission” continued Carter, “will call on the president and secretary of state at Washington and will do our best to negotiate a treaty of annexation. We do not have the power to make the treaty but will have to refer all such matters to the provisional government. [The Vernon Courier, Lamar County, AL, February 2, 1893 ]
ANNEXATION OF THE HAWAIIAN ISLAND TO THE UNITED STATES WILL BE RUSHED THROUGH
The steamer Australia from Honolulu direct arrived at San Francisco Wednesday with the following Hawaiian advices:
Francis M. Hatch, minister to Washington, arrived August 29 with special information which will require the attention of both government and senate, and a secret notice has already been issued to the members of the latter body calling upon them to meet in extra session September 6 to consider the question. Meanwhile Minister Hatch is in almost constant consultation with President Dole and his cabinet.
The lawmakers will be asked to ratify the annexation treaty recently signed in Washington, and as a majority of the members favor annexation, the matter will be rushed through. The reason for the extra session of the senate is a matter of conjecture, and much curiosity is evinced.
A senator is authority for the statement that Minister Hatch brought word from President McKinley that he had resolved to call congress two months earlier than usual for the purpose of disposing of the treaty before the regular session, and this theory appears to find favor with other senators.
Another matter to be considered by the Hawaiian senate is that of rendering assistance to the executive in unraveling the Japanese muddle, as it is said that Japan’s acceptance of the offer of arbitration is so vague that the President and his cabinet are in a quandary. There are rumors of a split in the cabinet over the question, and it is said that the intervention of the senate is required to prevent an open rupture.
The Hawaiian Star created a sensation by the publication of a scheme, alleged to have been backed by the sugar trust, to block annexation.
It is said that a call has been made for a mammoth demonstration September 14 against closer political union with the United States. Senators Morgan and Quay are expected to arrive from the United States that day and the object of the anti-annexationists is to impress them with the feeling upon the island
From The Gazette Appeal, Marion County AL, September 10, 1897
Transcribed and submitted by Veneta McKinney
Protests Against the Annexation of Hawaii
Gives a Number of Reasons
About 3 o'clock last Thursday afternoon ex-Queen Liliouskalani filed the following protest in the office of the secretary of state. It was delivered into the hands of Secretary Sherman by Joseph Heleluhe, representing the native Hawaiians, duly commissioned by two of their patriotic leagues. Mr. Heleluhe was accompanied by Cap. Julius A. Palmer, the American secretary of Lilioukalani. Mr. Sherman treated the bearers most courteously, but gave no indication of his action in the matter; "I, Lilioukailani, by the will of God named her apparent on the 10th day of April, A. D. 1877, and by the grace of God Queen of the Hawaiian Islands on the 17th day of January, A. D. 1893, do hereby protest against the ratification of a certain treaty, which, so I am informed has been signed at Washington by Messrs. Hatch, Thurston, and Kinney, purporting to cede these islands to the territory and dominion of the United States. I declare such treaty to be an act of wrong towards the native and part native people of Hawaii, an invasion of the rights of ruling chiefs, in violation of international rights both towards my people and towards friendly nations with whom they have made treaties, the perpetration of the fraud whereby the constitutional government was overthrown, and, finally an act of gross injustice to me.
Because the official protest made by me on the 17th day of January, 1898 to the so-called provisional government, was signed by me and received by said government with the assurance that the case was referred to the United States of America for arbitration.
Because that protest and my communications to the United States government immediately thereafter expressly declare that I yielded my authority to the forces of the United States in order to avoid bloodshed an because I recognized the futility of a conflict with so formidable a power.
Because the President of the States, the secretary of state, and an envoy commissioned by them, reported that my government was unlawfully coerced by the forces, diplomatic and naval, of the United States, and that I was, at the day of their investigations, the constitutional ruler of my people.
Because such decision of the recognized magistrates of the United States was officiating communicated to me and to Sanford B. Dole, and said Dole's resignation was requested by Albert S. Willis, the recognized agent and then minister of the government of the United States.
Because neither the above commission nor the movement which sends it has ever received any such authority from the registered voters of Hawaii, but derives its assumed powers from the so-called committee of public safety, organized on or about said 17th day of January 1893; said committee being composed largely of persons claiming American citizenship, and not one single Hawaiian was a member thereof or in any way participated in the demonstration leading to its existence.
Because my people, about 40,000 in number have in no way been constituted by those 3,000 men who claim the right to destroy the independence of Hawaii. My people constitute four-fifths of the legally qualified voters of Hawaii, and excluding those imported for the demands of labor, about the same proportion of the inhabitants.
Because said treaty ignores not only the civic rights of my people, but further the hereditary rights of their chiefs. Of the 4,000,000 acres comprising the territory said treaty offers to annex 1,000,000 or 615,000 acres which has theretofore been in no way recognized as other than the private property of the constitutional monarch, subject to a control in no way differing from other items of a private estate.
Because it is proposed by said treaty to confiscate said property, technically called the crown lands, those legally entitled thereto either now or in succession receiving no consideration whatever for estates, their title to which has been always undisputed, and which is legitimately in my own name at this date.
Because said treaty ignores not only all professions of perpetual amity and good faith made by the United States in former treaties with the sovereigns representing the Hawaiian people, but all treaties made by those sovereigns with other and friendly powers, and it is thereby in violation of international law. By treating with the parties claiming at this time the right to cede said territory of Hawaii, the government of the United States receives such territory from the hands of those whom its own magistrates, legally elected by the people of the Unites States and in office in 1893, pronounced fraudulent in power and unconditionally ruling Hawaii.
Therefore I, Lilioukalani, of Hawaii, do hereby call upon the President of the nation to whom alone I yielded my property and my authority to withdraw said treaty ceding said islands, from further consideration. I ask the honorable senate of the United States to decline to ratify said treaty, and I implore the people of this great and good nation, from whom my ancestors learned the Christian religion, to sustain their representatives in such acts of justice as may be in accord with the principles of their fathers, and the Almighty ruler of the universe, to Him who judgeth righteously, I commit my cause.
From The Guin Gazette, Marion County AL - June 25, 1897
Transcribed and submitted by Veneta McKinney
Governor of Hawaii Escapes Death
HONOLULU. Oct, 16.—Wallace Rider Farrington, Governor of Hawaii, cheated death by a slim margin today when a seaplane in which he was riding from Maui Island to Honolulu caught fire and made a forced landing In the sea near Pearl Harbor. The Governor swam until he was picked up by another plane. No one in the party was Injured.
[17 October 1922, Dallas Morning News - Contributed by Barb Z]
HAWAII: Governor Wallace R. Farrington in opening the legislature issued a warning against domination of the islands by foreigners. The population of the island is 42 per cent Japanese, 9 per cent, Chinese, and only 16 per cent native.
[March 3, 1923, Time Magazine - Submitted by K. Torp]
Statehood Related News Stories:
Hawaii Stands Good Chance Of Entering Union in 1959
WASHINGTON - The territory of Hawaii will be knocking on the door of Congress next year for admission to the Union.
Hawaiians are not at all miffed because Alaska got in ahead of them. They believe, as do many members of Congress, that taking Alaska into the sisterhood of states practically
assures favor able action on their own application.
The islands far out in mid-Pacific have a better article to sell in some ways than had Alaska.
One of the points made against Alaska was that its population was too small, too thinly spread and its resources too poorly developed to make the area economically self sustaining.
This charge cannot be sustained against Hawaii. It has a population of 540,000 more than double Alaska's and a much more highly developed economy.
The economic situation caused Rep. W. R. Poage of Waco to oppose admission of Alaska, but to favor allowing Hawaii state-hood status. Other congressmen held the same views
ARGUMENTS against Hawaii are its long distance across the high seas from the mainland of the United States, the predominantly non white population and the infiltration into transport unions of Communists.
The population ot Hawaii is 84 per cent native born and constitutes many races and national originals, especially Chinese and Japanese. Southern members have particularly objected to taking in such a mixed population.
Rep. Walter Rogers of Pampa, who led the House fight against Alaska last year, has announced he's against Hawaii too, Rogers is a member of the committee that will pass on the statehood bill.
Rogers pointed out that the United States doesn't have jurisdiction over the high seas between this country's mainland and Hawaii. The islands constituting the territory are far apart and some that might be considered a part of Hawaii are thousands of miles from the main islands. He also considered the hold that Harry Bridges has had on the island through his control of unions to be a deterrent to statehood. Rogers said this situation can be corrected and that he has received reports that it has been. In spite of the expected opposition from thre South, the chances are bright for Hawaii finally being admitted next year. An Hawaii statehood bill has passed the House three times in the last ten years. One also passed the Senate but went down in defeat because it was tied to Alaska. President Eisenhower has been recommending statehood for Hawaii ever since he moved into the White House. He is expected to repeat his support again in 1959.
Most Republicans have been supporting Hawaii because it has had a Republican voting record until recent years. The territory has gone Democratic the last three elections.
If the political situation causes Hawaii to lose Republican backing, it would irore than make it up by added Democratic support.
The Democratic congressional favor on allowing the House and Senate to vote on statehood for Hawaii.
Senate Democratic Leader Lyndon B. Johnson said recently that Hawaii had the best chance for admission in 1959 it ever had. If the bill clears the Senate committee, Johnson was
expected to schedule it for early debate.
Speaker Sam Rayburn has stated that he believed Congress will look more favorably on statehood than it has in the past.
HAWAII, like Alaska, has had a voice but no vote in the House. Hawaii was represented for many years by the late Joseph R. Farrington, and by his widow after his death. The
Farringtons worked ceaselessly for statehood. The Hawaiian delegate is now John A. Burns.
The Paradise of the Pacific has been visited many times by congressional delegations inspecting the islands with the view of learning if they were ready for statehood.
Th: last trip was made by a House subcommittee headed by Leo O'Brien (D-N.Y.) O'Brien has predicted a bill will go to the House floor before Easter.
[December 21 1958, Dallas Morning News - Submitted by Barbara Ziegenmeyer]
Statehood approved for Hawaii
Final congressional approval to admit Hawaii as the 50th state in the U.S. was given today by the House of Representatives with a vote of 323-89. Approval in the House came less than 24 hours after the Senate voted 76-15 in favor of the statehood bill.
"As the House roll call reached the 218 affirmative votes needed for passage, Gov. William F. Quinn, who was waiting here, telephoned a signal for bonfire celebrations to be touched off in Hawaii," an article in the San Mateo Times explained on March 12, 1959. "It was a moment the 575,000 residents of the last incorporated territory under the American flag had awaited for more than 50 years."
On August 21, 1959, President Eisenhower officially proclaimed Hawaii a state and presented a new 50-star flag for the nation. It was the second time in the same year that Eisenhower had proclaimed a new state, as Alaska became part of the Union on January 3, 1959.
[1959, Submitted by Frances Cooley]
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