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1732 Census of Illinois
by Robert De Berardinis
as printed in the ISGS Quarterly Vol. 32, No. 3
Transcribed by K. Torp


History
Prairie du Rocher was founded in 1722 by French soldiers from nearby Fort de Chartres. A tract of land was donated to Pierre Dugue Boisbriant, the commandant and builder of Fort de Chartres, by the Royal Indian Company. The town was located under the fertile Mississippi River bluffs and provided food to New Orleans and other lower Louisiana Territory communities.

FORT DE CHARTRES
The oldest building in Illinois, a massive stone fort called Fort deChartres, was built by French colonists in 1753. The fort served as the seat of government during the French rule. It is claimed to be the oldest town to continually exist in Illinois. The only two older towns in Illinois - Kaskaskia and Cahokia - were each abandoned at some point during their history.

The fertility of the Mississippi bottom lands in this area attracted settlers early in the eighteenth century. The territory was under French rule and in 1718 Pierre Duque, Sieur de Boisbriant, commandant of the Illinois country, was sent to erect a permanent military post. The first Fort de Chartres was completed in 1720. Built of wood and exposed to the Mississippi floods, the fort had to be rebuilt in 1727 and 1732. In 1753 construction of a new fort built of stone and farther inland begun under the direction of Francois Saucier. When it was completed in 1756 it was considered one of the finest forts in North America. The British gained control of the area in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris and in 1765 took possession of the fort which they renamed Fort Cavendish. They destroyed the fort in 1772 when the encroaching Mississippi waters necessitated its abandonment. It had served as the seat of civil and military government in the Illinois country for over half a century. The partially reconstructed fort is a state memorial west on Illinois I55. Prairie du Rocher, the small French village four miles east of the fort, was founded in 1722 by St. Therese Langlois, nephew of Boisbriant. The Prairie du Rocher Common (land used by all the villagers) was granted to the village by the territorial government in 1743 and was used until 1852. (wikipedia.org)



Footnotes throughout the text are the original author's explanations from the French translation. Many of the author's footnotes displayed the French word with no other helpful explanation to the genealogist, so the transcriber has left those out.

Column Headings are:
2 = Legitimiate Children (Enfans Legitimes)
3 = Illegitimate Children (Enfans Batards)
4 = Arpents of land facing, or frontage (Arpents de Terre de Face)
5 = Total arpents of arable land (Terres En Valleur)
6 = Male Negro Slaves (Negres Piece d'Indi)
7 = Female Negro Slaves - (Negresse Piece d'Indi)
8 = Male or Female Young (pre-adolescent) Negro Slaves (Negrillons ou Negrittes)
9 = Indian Slaves (Esclaves Indiens). Males (Hommes)
10 = Indian Slaves Females (Femmes)
11= Beef Cattle (Boeufs)
12 = Dairy Cattle (Vaches
13 = Pigs (Cochons)
14 = Horses (Chevaus)
15 = Mills (Moulins)
16 = Houses (Maisons)
17 = Barns (Granges)
18 = Animal Shelters (Ecuries)

General Census of the inhabitants of the prairie of Fort de Chartres of Illinois And of their Condition on the First of January 1732

Men and Women or Boys on their Own
[Garcons Etablis]

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Monsieur de St. Ange, Sr., Officer, and his wife 2   2 2       1 5   5 2 1   1  
M. Terrisse de Ternay, Officer     4 4 1 1 2 1 2     23 1   1  
M. de Tonty                     2 2     1  
Sieur Hebert, The elder1 and his wife
1= "L'aine", contrasting (and implicit) that the younger is his brother, not son
1   3 50   1 4 2 1 4   3       1
Sieur Nauth 1   6 35           2   9 4 1 1 2
Sieur Fabut     3 30           2 2   2   1 1
Sieur Delessart and his wife 3 1 7 80 2 1 2 3 2 7 7 30 6   1 1
Sans Chagrain and his wife 5   2 40       1   4 2 20 2   1 1
Baron and his wife 4   5 25           4 2 40     1 1
Neuport and his wife 1   5 36           1 1 5     1  
La Plume 1 1 2 50 1 1 2     4 2 20     1 1
Becquet and his wife 1   2 30       2 1 2 5 15 2 1 1 1
Hubert Finet and his wife     1 15           2 5 15 3   1 1
Place, Notary (Greffier)   1                   25   1    
Rollet and his wife 2   2 25       1   4 4 6 1   1 1
Gouverneur and Le Brun     1 1           2 5 4     1  

Bethmieur and his wife
[NOTE:  A Belhumeur researcher wrote in to say that he thinks this name is a misspelling of "Belhumeur"]

3   1 10             4 12     1  
Dragon and his wife 3   1 10           2 2 9     1  
Widow Chassin 3   8 25     1   1 6 3   1   1 1
Frederic, surgeon, and his wife 4             1     1 4 1   1  
Thomas     1 16           2 4       1 1
Louis d'Espagne                   4 4 7     1  
St. Jean and his wife 1   2 18       1   4 3 6     1  
Bellerose     1 3           2 4 6     1 1
Coussot, Soldier, and his wife 3   1 6           4 1 5     1  
Dauphin and his wife 4   1 8           3 3 8     1  
La Pointe, he has ceded his wealth to his son in law La Roche                                
La Roche and his wife     6 50 3     1 1 11 8 15 5   1 1
Turom, The elder 1 2 4 30           4 4 9 4   1 1
Lorsel and his wife 1   6 60 1 1 3     6 6 60 3   1 1
Hebert, the younger, and his wife 1   6 50       1 1 4 12 25 6 1 1 1
Claude Baunet and wife 3               2 6   3     1  
Pichard   1 3 20             1 6 1   1  
Gerosme and his wife 1 2 14             3 2 11 5   1  
Gros Jean, at New Orleans                   4 2 7 2      
Langevin and his wife 2                 3 2 7 1      
Robillard and his wife 1                 1 2 5     1  
Bacanet and his wife 1   3             2 2 2     1  
Beausejour     2 6               16     1  
Panerau and his wife 3                 1 3       1  
Henrion and his wife 3                           1  
Widow Pre 2   2 4           1 2 7 1   1  
St. Pierre La Verdure and his wife 1                   2 6     1  
Gossiau and his wife, at Prairie du Rocher 4   5 22 1             6 4 1 1 1
La Lande, the younger, and his wife, to the grand Prairie 3   42 60 1 1 4 3 2 3 3 10 1 1 1 1
The Company of the Indies                         5    
The Reverend Priests Jesuits   3 9 150 9 5 8 3   12 15 40 4 1 1 1
Sieur Carriere and his wife 1   4 80 3 3 9     10 12 80 3 1 1 1
Dulongpre and his wife 1 1 5 80 1 2 2 1 3 8 12 40 5   1 2
Michel Philippe 3 2 7 100 1 2 2 1 1 14 11 70 5 1 2 1
Collet     2 20           6 5 10     1 1
La Source and his wife 4 1 4 100 2 2 4 1 3 6 5 40 1 1 1 1

Men and Women or Boys on their Own
[Garcons Etablis]

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Bastien     1 20     1 1   4 4 45 8     1
Turpin and his wife 5 1 7 100 3 1 1 2   10 15   8 1 2 2
La Rose and his wife 4   4 70 2         8 6 20     1 1
Blot and wife     2 50 2 1   1 2 12 5 10 3   1 1
Lafatigue and his wife 5   3 40     1   1 3 4 20 1   1 1
Portier and his wife                     3         1
Le Moine and his wife 4                             1
La Sonde and his wife 5 1 1 20         2 5 5 40 4   1 1
Potier and his wife 8   3 70   1 1   2 5 5 7 6   1 1
La Rigueur and his wife   1 1 10       1 2   5 20 1     1
De Vignes and wife 4 2 5 100 3 2 5   1 12 7 60 6 1 2 1
Aubuchon and wife 3   2 40 2       1 6 8 50 1     1
Bienvenu and his wife 4   4 72 1     3 1 6 4 3 5 1 1 1
Czely and his wife                     1 2       1
Dufresne and his wife                 1   1 13       1
Sansregret and his wife               1     1 13       1
La Lande, The elder, and his wife 3   4 100 1 1   1 3 12 6 15 4 1 1 2
St Pierre and his wife (Farm from the Deceased Monsieur Molique) 2   16 60       1 1 9 3       1 2
Des Lauriers   1 1 12           4 5 30 1   1 1
Beauvais and wife 4   4 100 2     1 1 6 4 30 1   1 1
Le Gras and his wife 4   2 50       1 1 6 4 4 2   1 1
St yves and his wife     2 60         1 6 5 3 1   1 2
Quenet and his wife 3   2 40 1     1 1 6 8 2       1
La fleur and his wife 1   2 20           2 1 7       1
De Noyons               1     1 10       1
St. Cernay     1 20           3 4 30 5   2 1
M. Du Tisne, officer and his wife 3   4 60 2 1 1     10 7 10 4     1
Verrier and his wife                       14       1
St Jean and his wife 3   3 20           4 3 15 1     1
Glenet and his wife 3   2 40       1   6 7 23 4   1 1

Men and Women or Boys on their Own
[Garcons Etablis]

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Charron and wife 2 1     1         6 3 6     1  
Baillargeon and his wife 1   4 80 1 1 2 2 3 10 6 20 8 1 1 1
Duludi and liberge, Gascon blacksmiths                             1  
St yves, The elder, and wife 2   2 50           2 1 20 1   2  
Antoine l'Espagnol                         6      
Olivier and his wife 3   3 30       1   10 8 30 1   2  
Boisjoly, Militia Captain2
(2This refers to the civilian militia and not the regular troops of the Navy, which garrisoned the province of Louisiana.)
                1              
Bourbonnois and his wife     4 100       2 2 6 10 12 2   1 1
Alard and his wife                   3 5 20     1  
La Vigne and his wife 2   3 50         1 8 6 8 3 1 1 1
Courville, holding the farm of Tessier's Children     3 40 1 1 4 2 2 3 3     1 1 1
Valadon                   3 2          

Mission of Cahokia and Its Condition

Men and Women or Boys on their Own
[Garcons Etablis]

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Monseigneur Mercier, Superior and Courrier, Missionaries       35 3 1   3 1 7 24 22 7   1/13 1
M. le Mieuxdonne And le flament, indentured4
4
The French word used in the original could also mean "hired"
                               
Louis Gaut, inhabitant       2         2   5 6 1   1  
Capucin       1       1       2 2   1  
La Source       1       1                
 

3 One house, 1 church


Concession of M. Renault and inhabitants of the said Place

Men and Women or Boys on their Own
[Garcons Etablis]

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185

M. Renault, Director     250 250 14 3 5     6 4 15 7 1 3 3 2
Renault, the son     2 2           2 6 20 1        
La Croix, The Father, and his wife 3     40           2 4 15 3   1 1 1
La Croix, the son       20           2 2   2     1  
Mercier and wife 3     55       1 1 4 13 30 4 1 1 1 1
M. Dutisne     2                       1    
Quevedo Espagnol 5     4               3     1    
  5 Animal shelters, which can mean either horse stable or pigsty

Men and Women or Boys on their Own
[Garcons Etablis]

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Bosset 2     26           2 7 30 4   1 1 1
Blondin       20           2 2   1        
Guevremont and wife 1     24           2 2 5 2   1    
Germain 2     20           2 4 30 1        
Poulain       8           4 6            
La Ramee 1                   2 15          

General Recapitulation of all the Illinois country
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43 The Prairie of Ft. de Chartres 27 66 6 140 827 13 6 18 19 20 116 122 59 376 41 5 19  
48 Kaskaskia 36 87 14 126 2054 38 23 41 30 38 256 237 108 894 52 11 28  
5 Cahokia         39 3 1   7 3 7 30 10 30 2   1  
12 Concession of Renault 3 17     471 14 3 5 1 1 28 42 25 162 9 2 7 5
3 officers                                    
41 Soldiers                                    
4 Jesuits                                    
3 Priests                                    
159 39 170 20 266 3391 68 33 64 57 62 407 431 202 1463 104 18 55 5

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2007 K. Torp