Genealogy Trails
Bureau County Illinois  

Illinois State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1858 and 1859
by George W. Hawes, Scripps, Bross & Spears, Printers, Daily Press Book and Job Office, Chicago IL
Transcribed by FOFG NP

 

Buck Creek: A post office of La Salle County. Nathan Woolsey, postmaster

Bureau County is located toward the north-west part of Illinois and has an area of about 800 square miles. It is bounded on the south-east by the Illinois River, and intersected by Green River and Bureau Creek. The surface is generally level or slightly undulating and destitute of timber, excepting small groves. The soil is good. The staples are wheat, corn, oats and pork. The Chicago and Rock Island and the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroads both intersect this county. The Illinois River is also navigable by steamboats on the border of the county. Capital, Princeton. Population, 10,870.

County Officers
Judge of County Court, George McManis.
Clerk of County Court, Stephen G. Paddock.
Sheriff, Zachariah K. Waldron.
Clerk of Circuit Court, Edwd. M. Fisher
Treasurer, Roderick B. Frary
School Commissioner, Charles P. Allen
County Surveyor, Frank W. Winship.
Coroner, Hezekiah B. Smith


Buda: A small post village of Bureau County on the line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad, about 110 miles from Chicago and 189 from St. Louis. George S. Emmerson, Postmaster

Bureau Junction: A small post village of Bureau County at the junction of the Chicago and Rock Island and Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroads. Wm. H. Shileds, Postmaster.

Dover: A post village of Bureau County, 144 miles north from Springfield. It is on the line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad, 104 miles from Chicago. Wm. B. Hanford, Postmaster.

East Concord: A post village of Bureau County. T. C. Dow, Postmaster.

Enon: A post village of Bureau County, near the center, about 7 miles north-west from the county seat. Apollos W. Ballard, Postmaster.

Hollowayville: A post office of Bureau County. B. S. Cash, postmaster

Lamoille: A post village of Bureau County, on Bureau Creek, 154 miles north by east from Springfield, near the line of the Burlington and Quincy railroad. Henry H. Holbrook, postmaster.

Macon: A post office of Bureau County, in the south part of the county. Chas. Lee, postmaster.

Milo: A post office of Bureau County. Isaac Sutherland, postmaster

Ohio: A post township of Bureau County, northern part. Stephen Wilson, postmaster.

Perkin's Grove: a post village of Bureau County, 68 miles north - northwest from Peoria. L. Stanard, postmaster.

Providence: a post village of Bureau County, 42 miles north from Peoria. Daniel Williams, postmaster.

Princeton: A thriving post village, capital of Bureau County, on the line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad, 65 miles north from Peoria. It is situated in a fertile prairie, one or two miles east from Bureau Creek. Two newspapers are printed here. C. N. Pine, postmaster.

Alphabetical List of Professions, Trades, Etc.
Allen, A. E., attorney at law and solicitor in chancery.
American House, H. H. Pike, proprietor.
Anthony, W. C., physician and surgeon.
Apthorp, D. J., saloon.
Austin H., physician and surgeon.
Bacon and White, dealers in stoves, sheet iron, tin and copper ware.
Bleekel, G. W., professor of German.
Brainard, D. & G., dentists.
Broadly, A. R., physician and surgeon.
Chapman, E. C. & A. S., hardware, etc.
Crittenden, F., general merchant
Delano & Burr, crockery and variety store.
Fagercrantz, P., dealer in watches and jewelry.
Fisher, Brown, fancy dry goods.
Foster & Jansen, booksellers and stationers.
Gardiner, E. M., Mrs., teacher of German language.
Grimes, John M., attorney at law and land agent.
Griffiths, A. E., M. D. physician and surgeon.
Hatch, George, W., tannery.
Hatch, G. W., patentee of a new and quick mode of tanning, superior to any.
Masters, W. H., ambrotype artist, etc.
Newell, P. N., Mrs., teacher of music.
O'Hare & Hyde, bakery.
Osborne, s. & Co., Princeton Marble Works.
Paddock & Seaman, hardware and agricultural implements.
Paddock, George L., notary public.
Priestly & Carpenter, lumber merchants.
Stowell & Co., manufacturers saddles and harness and dealers in carriage trimmings, etc.
Warren, Wm., wholesale and retail dealer in lime, cement, lumber, etc.
Webster, E., dry goods, clothing, hardware, cutlery and general merchant.
Williams, Joseph S., attorney at law.
Zearing, W. m., attorney and counselor at law and solicitor in chancery.

Sheffield: A post village of Bureau County, is located on the line of the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad, 137 miles west of Chicago, and 45 east of Rock Island, on a high rolling prairie, commanding a fine view of the surrounding country. Bureau County is considered one of the finest counties in the state, and the lands around Sheffield are among the finest portions of it. The growth of the town has been steady and rapid, being settled scarcely three years ago. Part of the town plat and the lands adjoining, to the amount of 1,500 acres, are owned by the Sheffield Mining and Transportation Company - a stock company, regularly chartered by the state, possessing a capital of $150,000, organized for the purpose of mining and transporting coal. This company pursues a most liberal spirit in the disposition of their lands, renting and selling them at low rates. They carry on an extensive coal business, shipping to Chicago and other points on the Chicago and Rock Island and Mississippi and Missouri Railroads to the amount of 40,000 tons per annum. The business men of this flourishing town are prompt and energetic in their transactions, but are hardly competent to transact the business that is flowing to this natural point from all quarters. A line of road has been surveyed from this place to Fulton City, on the Mississippi River, a distance of about 60 miles. This road, when built, will greatly add to the importance of this flourishing town. Population, 1,500. J. R. Miller, postmaster.

Alphabetical List of Professions, Trades, Etc.
Austin, A. S., Austin House.
Betts, E.D., merchant
Boyden, C. H., hardware.
Bradshaw & Pierce, cabinet makers
Clark, J. L. & E., grocers.
Craig, R. L., grocery.
Everson, W.H., grocer.
Gunkel, George, merchant.
McNally, G. P., grocer.
Mason, S. R., druggist.
Sheffield Mining & Transportation Co. Coal Mines on the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad, one quarter of a mile west of Sheffield. Office in the Sheffield House. H. C. Porter, Agent.
Morgan, J. L., physician.
Petterson, J. H., merchant.
Pulsifer, E. F. & Co., dry goods, clothing, hardward, etc.
Stevenson & Pool, clothing.
Stevens, D. E., proprietor Sheffield House
Sweat, E. M., Chicago and Rock Island Railroad
Whipple, Wm. M., grocer

Shelby Station: a post office of Bureau County. H. White, postmaster.

Tiskilwa: A post village of Bureau County, about 45 miles north by east from Peoria. Population, 500. Joseph T. Cook, postmaster.

Truxton: A post village of Bureau County, about 70 miles west-south-west from Chicago. Allen S. Lathrop, postmaster.

Walnut: A pot office of Bureau County. Elijah McNitt, postmaster.

West Hennepin: A small village of Bureau County, situated on the Illinois River, nearly opposite Hennepin.

Winnegago: A post office of Bureau County.

Wyanet: A post office of Bureau County. Samuel Milles Knox, Postmaster.

York Town: A post office in Bureau County. Rufus E. Sheldon, postmaster.

 

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