Clark County Illinois
Genealogy and History



"Historical Encyclopedia
of Illinois and Clark County"
Chicago: Middle West Pub. Co., 1907

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ADAMS, James William.—Farming, school teaching, office holding and merchandising have contributed to the experience of James W. Adams, a Clark County arrival of 1855, and at present conducting a general grocery business in the town of Marshall. Mr. Adams comes of a Southern family long identified with the Old Dominion, and he himself was born in Loudoun County, Virginia, November 19, 1847. In the same State and county were born also his parents, Mason C. and Armenia (Hutchinson) Adams, .the former in 1822 and the latter October 20, 1825.

Mason C. Adams was reared on a farm, and in youth learned the miller's trade, which he combined with agriculture for many years. In 1855 he brought his family to Clark County, settled in Wabash Township, and arose to political and general importance in the community. He was a stanch Democrat, and served four years as Township Collector and several terms as Assessor. He brought success out of scant early opportunities, and was honored for his integrity and general worth. Mr. Adams died July 5, 1886, but is survived by his wife, who still is a resident of Wabash Township.

Eight years old when he came to Clark County, James W. Adams was educated in its public schools, and finally equipped himself for teaching school, an occupation he followed in connection with farming for twenty years. Like his father before him, he early evidenced an interest in politics, was a member of the School Board and its Treasurer fifteen years, and Tax Collector two terms, resigning from the former office upon his removal to Marshall in 1902. December 27, 1870, he was united in marriage to Celia Travioli, a native of Clark County, and daughter of Clark County pioneers who came from Licking County, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Adams are the parents of seven children, four sons and three daughters. Of the sons, Mason C, who lives in California, was born Christmas day, 1873; Frank Otis was born St. Valentine's day, 1876; Ernest E. was born May 28, 1884; and George W. was born August 15, 1886. Of the daughters, Mrs. Edith Nye was born August 13, 1878; Mrs. Idel Taylor was born February 25, 1882, and married Dr. Taylor, of Marshall; and Nettie was born May 27, 1889

Mr. Adams is a man of deep religious convictions, and an active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In large degree he has the qualities which tend to successful merchandising, and not the least conspicuous of which are tact, obligingness and integrity. He is well known throughout this part of the county, and has contributed to its advancement along practical and permanently beneficial lines.

ADAMS, W. H.—A recognized position, due to long residence in the locality and substantial worth of character, is held by Mr. Adams, who owns and occupies one of the improved farms of Clark County, a tract of valuable land lying in Section 21 of Wabash Township and bearing the improvements that mark the owner as a man of thrift and enterprise. Ever since starting out for himself he has made his home on this property, which he has transformed from a tract largely in timber to a tillable, fertile and valuable farm. While he has not become a specialist in any department of agriculture, but has devoted attention to every form of agricultural activity, yet he has been especially interested in the dairy business for a number of years and maintains a herd of exceptional quality from the dairyman's standpoint.

Having passed almost his entire life in Clark County, Mr. Adams is familiar with its soil and possibilities. He was only four years of age when the family removed to Illinois and settled among the pioneers of this county, where his father, Mason C. Adams (to whose biography on another page the reader is referred for the family history), became a leading farmer and progressive citizen. It was during the year 1854 that the family migrated westward from Virginia, where W. H. had been born in Loudoon County, September 29, 1850. Though he received no greater educational advantages than such as were offered by the township schools of that day, he was so ambitious to gain an education that he acquired a breadth of knowledge not always secured by the more favored youth of the present century. During vacations he aided his father in the clearing of the home farm and in all the work incident to the upbuilding of a large tract of land.

About the year 1871 Mr. Adams commenced to teach school in Wabash Township, and for nearly twenty years he followed that work during the winter months, while in the intervening summer seasons he cultivated the farm which he had purchased and which he still owns. In 1876 he married Miss Lalla Hutchinson, who was born in Virginia in June, 1855, being a daughter of James Hutchinson, a farmer of that State. "When about twenty years of age Miss Hutchison left her home in the Old Dominion and came west to Illinois, settling in Clark County, where she began to teach school in Wabash Township. Soon, however, she resigned school teaching in order to take up the duties of home-making, and since then she has been her husband's efficient counselor and helpmate. After their marriage they settled on their present farm, where they have since labored with energy and sagacity in the improvement of the place, while at the same time they have been devoted parents and broadminded citizens. Five children were born of their union, namely: Joseph T., James S., Clyde V., William M. (deceased), and Eleanor, all of whom were born on the homestead in Wabash Township.

In religious connections the family holds membership with the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which M<r. Adams has rendered faithful service as a local preacher, and to the support of which he has always given as his means permitted. Politically he has always voted the Democratic ticket and has been a firm advocate of the principles of the party. As would be expected of a man who for years engaged in teaching, he maintains a deep interest in educational matters and keeps posted concerning the needs and development of the public school system. For a long period he held office as a School Director and during his incumbency of the office he gave much time and thought to the upbuilding of the local schools, realizing then, as now, that the future progress of the country is dependent upon the educational opportunities afforded to the rising generation.

ALEXANDER, Edwin R.—E. R. Alexander was born in Anderson County, Ky., in 1832, and moved to Clark County in 1834. His father settled in York Township at an early date. Mr. Alexander has occupied his present farm for more than thirty-two years. He was married in 1866 to Mary Marvin, who was a native of Illinois, by whom our subject has had twelve children, seven boys and five girls, all living but one boy. Eight of these children are now married and all except one boy, who lives in Indianapolis, reside near the old homestead. Mr. Alexander enlisted in August, 1861, in the Thirtieth Illinois Infantry and was mustered out at Camp Butler, in Springfield, at the end of his term of service. He was in the battle of Bellmont, the first battle of Grant, Logan and McClelland, Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, Britain's Lane, siege of Vicksburg, Fort Gibson, Raymond, Champion Hills and the siege of Atlanta, and marched to the sea with Sherman, and during all of these battles and marches he never received a scratch. Mr. Alexander had one brother, one nephew, nine cousins and one brother-in-law killed in the War of the Rebellion. He is the owner of a fine farm of seventy acres, and a prominent citizen of his neighborhood and township. His father and three brothers of his father were in the Black Hawk War. His grandfather fought at the battle of New Orleans and lost a leg in that battle. Mr. Alexander has reason to feel proud of his army service, and of his success as a citizen and as a man. Mr. Alexander is a Republican. The following children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Alexander: M. A. Alexander, born September 9, 1867, wife of W. A. White, and has six children; H. L. Alexander, born March 7, 1869, and lives at home; George W., born September 6, 1870, married Nellie Grant, lives in Melrose Township, and has seven children; Sarah C, born July 19, 1872, married Earl Arbuckle, lives in Melrose Township, and has four children; John W., born April 1, 1874, married Carrie Woods, lives in Melrose; Dora J., born February 9, 1876, married Claude Rainey, lives in Anderson Township, and has three children; Edwin R., born March 6, 187S, married Delia Wood, and lives in Indianapolis; Daisy D., born October 30, 1879, married Thomas Garland, lives in Mt. Carmel, Ill., and has one child; Annie M., born September 30, 1881, married Orla Shotwell, lives in Melrose Township, and has one child; James B., born October 14, 1884, lives at home; E. Carson, born October 20, 1886, lives at home; one son died in infancy.

ANDREWS, Dean.—At a time when the demands of his calling tried the fiber of men, entailing continuous self-sacrifice, and bringing meager financial returns, Dean Andrews cast his lot with the fortunes of Clark County, and as school teacher and minister in the Congregational Church won enduring place in the history of a struggling community. That his death occurred so long ago as September 14, 1872, in no way lessens his influence or the fundamental usefulness of his life. Born along the Atlantic edge of the continent, in far-off Maine, February 15, 1808, he spent his youth as did the other farmers' sons of that region, but because he had cravings beyond the average of his playmates, he sacrificed and labored more than they, thereby securing not only a common school but a college education.

Upon the termination of his course at Bowdin College, Brunswick, Me., Mr. Andrews heard the call of the wild, and came to Marshall, Clark County, where he engaged in school teaching in the infant community. Success on a small scale came to him, and in 1840 he married Louise Shaw, the following year adding to his responsibilities that of preaching in the Congregational Church. For many years he both taught and preached, and fulfilled with conscientious exactitude the multitudinous obligations connected with his calling. After two sons and as many daughters had been added to his family, his wife died, and November 3, 1859, he was united in marriage to Eleanor McMillen, a native of Rodville, Park County, Ind. Of this union there were two daughters and one son, of whom William M., a civil engineer, lives with his mother, and Fannie, also living at home, is a teacher in the Marshall high school.

Mr. Andrews is a man of precision of character and uncompromising attitude toward right and wrong. As a teacher he was a stern disciplinarian, yet patience personified toward the willing pupil. His teaching, both spiritual and general, sank deep into the lives of those around him, and left their impress upon their character, ideals and accomplishments.

BAILEY, Bert F.—The twentieth century is emphatically an area of progress, and in no instance is this fact more pronounced than in the development of many industries to which preceding ages devoted little attention. Within the limits of Clark County, where during the nineteenth century the pioneers labored to till the soil and harvest the crops of grain, the present generation is devoting much attention to the development of the oil industry, and not a few have found the later industry more remunerative and less laborious than the older occupation. Numbered among the young farmers who are devoting their attention to oil may be mentioned Bert F. Bailey, who owns a farm of forty acres within the oil district and at this writing has developed one producing well on the property.

The entire life of Mr. Bailey thus far has been passed within the limits of Clark County, where he was born in Johnson Township January 9, 1877, being a son of Wayne and Charlotte Bailey, the former of whom died in 1880. Some years later the mother became the wife of David Groves and they now make Casey their home. As a boy Bert F. Bailey was sent to the country schools, where he gained the rudiments of a thorough education, and since leaving school he has supplemented his text-book education by knowledge acquired from reading and habits of close observation. While in young manhood he established domestic ties, being united in marriage, January 18, 1899, with Miss Fannie Olive, daughter of S. R. and Elizabeth Schoffstoll, prominent residents of the township. They are the parents of three daughters, namely: Esta Belle, born June 22, 1901; Audrey M., November 15, 1902; and Eva May, August 23, 1903. The bright and attractive children complete a charming family circle, whose friends are many throughout the entire township.

Ever since attaining his majority Mr. Bailey has been a supporter of Republican principles and in national elections he always casts his ballot for that party. The first office he ever held was that of Constable, to which he was elected in the spring of 1907 and which he now fills to the satisfaction of those concerned. Fraternally he holds membership with the Modern Woodmen of America at Moriah, this county. Although at present not largely interested in agriculture nor disposed to allow that occupation to engross his attention, Mr. Bailey is an active and busy man, for he engages in teaming and also superintends the oil well on his farm, so that his activities are varied and important, while at the same time they are growing in their promise of profitable returns. Having passed his life in Johnson Township, he is well known one to the people of the locality, and his farm on Section 13 is known as one of the promising locations for oil, a promise that already has given evidence of fruition in the producing well operated by the owner

BAIRD, George Oliver.—George Oliver Baird, editor and half owner of the "Clark County Herald," was horn in Marshall, Clark County, Ill., March 13, 1873, and is a son of Harvey Lyle and Anna Barbara (Kennedy) Baird. Harvey Lyle Baird was a carpenter by trade, who entered the Civil War at the age of seventeen years, served forty-nine months in Company K, First Missouri Cavalry, and died in 1886 as a result of disorders contracted by exposure and other vicissitudes of warfare. He is survived by his wife and by his four sons, Frank Lyle, George Oliver, Robert Lincoln and Samuel Kennedy, who, at the time of his death, were aged sixteen, thirteen, seven and four years, respectively. Frank, the oldest son, went to Chicago to work as an elevator boy in a wholesale house, finally being advanced to his present position as traveling salesman with the same concern, at the same time making his home in Marshall with his wife; George O. is editor of the "Herald"; Robert L. is married and has a small daughter; and Samuel K. is single, lives with his mother, and is foreman of the "Democrat." James Martin, father of Mrs. Baird, was a Methodist Episcopalian preacher who came from Pennsylvania in the early history of Illinois, and was pastor of the first church of his denomination in the city of Marshall. This church formerly stood on the site now occupied by the "Herald" office building, and the old back wall, of hewed timber and split lath, is still standing. By her many friends in Marshall Mrs. Baird is considered a remarkable woman. Her left arm having been amputated at the elbow after an injury when she was thirteen years old, about fourteen years ago she broke the stub of the arm, which necessitated the further loss of about two inches. Notwithstanding this calamity, she has trained herself to perform all household duties in a painstaking and exact manner, and in fact is as skillful, if not more so, than the average woman in possession of her normal members.

George Oliver Baird started penniless in the world of labor. At the time of his father's death he was obliged to leave the public school in order to assist with the maintenance of his widowed mother and younger brothers. In this emergency he entered the office of the "Herald" to learn the printer's trade, and for nineteen consecutive years he labored at this hard and uninteresting work, with few vacations, and those short and far between. The self-sacrifice involved in this early and strenuous application can be appreciated only by people constituted as Mr. Baird, than whom no one is more in harmony with woods and water and the outdoor sportsman's life, and who, to this day, regards fishing as the ideal of human recreations. At the age of twenty the former printer's "devil" became manager of the "Marshall Messenger," then owned by Mrs. Margaret Littlefield, who afterward sold the paper to the "Democrat" and "Herald." In May, 1900, Mr. Baird gave up his position as foreman of the "Democrat" and purchased a half interest in the "Herald," since which time he has increased the business of the paper a hundred per cent, and caused it to be regarded as a substantial and reliable opinion-moulder factor. From a second-rate periodical it has been advanced to one of the best papers in the lower half of the State, and its office is one of the best equipped to be found in the Central West. The building, which is owned by the editor, was built expressly for newspaper publishing, and has five presses and all modern printing appliances. The management and equipment of the establishment represents the best that its owner has to give, and reflects painstaking attention to the little details of business. For a short time Mr. Baird was press representative for Illinois at the St. Louis Fair in 1904, receiving the appointment entirely unsolicited. In politics Mr. Baird is a Republican, and his active political career began at the age of twenty-four, when, in 1897, he was elected Alderman of the Second Ward by a plurality lacking only five votes of being double the number received by his opponent. At the time his opponent was a prominent business man, while Mr. Baird himself was a printer who had not even the support of the paper he worked for. In 1901 he was elected City Clerk without opposition. He also has served as Secretary of the County Republican Central Committee and as Committeeman of the First Precinct of Marshall. Fraternally he is connected with the Knights of Pythias, Court of Honor and Modern Woodmen of America. As long as that organization existed in Marshall he was a member of the Sons of "Veterans. He finds a religious home in the Methodist Episcopal Church, which he joined in 1895.

October 22, 1896, Mr. Baird was united in marriage to Estella M. Mitchell, only daughter of J. A. Mitchell, now of Indianapolis. The mother of Mrs. Baird died when she was nine years old, and thereafter she made her home with her grandparents, Dr. J. D. Mitchell and wife, of York Township, and with her brother, J. D. Mitchell, a business man of Westminster, Ind. On both sides Mrs. Baird traces her ancestry to the Revolutionary War, and on the maternal side there have been many musicians who have achieved world-wide reputations. An aunt, Margaret Anderson, now in London, England, is a writer of music, and in addition to being pronounced the world's leading flutist, is skilled also with violin, harp and piano. Clyde Fitch, the noted playwright, is a cousin to Margaret Anderson. Mrs. Baird is greatly interested in church, and sacrifices many of her social duties as a member of various woman's clubs to the work of the church. Mr. and Mrs. Baird are the parents of a daughter, Barbara, who is eligible by at least three ways to the Daughters of the American Revolution.

BARTLETT, Frederick John.—By those in a position to gauge the relative possibilities of occupations it is claimed, other things being equal, the man who is learned in the science of law is equipped for success in more lines of business than is the devotee of any other calling. Evidence supporting this conclusion is found in the fact that lawyers more and more are using their knowledge as a means, rather than an end, and as an adjunct rather than a profession. This largely is due to the greater enlightenment and more general comprehension of law by the layman, to the end that he settles many of his difficulties out of court, or at best, by knowing how to avoid pitfalls and complications, is able to direct his activities into safe, prescribed and legalized channels of energy. Belonging to that class who best fulfill the present intent and purpose of the calling of law, Frederick John Bartlett not only is adding to the professional stability of his native town of Marshall, but is maintaining the all-around standing of a family, the immediate and remote connections of which have shared its fortunes since the laying of its civic foundations.

Mr. Bartlett was born September 28, 1867, in Marshall, and in the same town was born his father, Archer Bartlett, October 1, 1824, and his mother, Martha Bartlett, August 8, 1825. Both in kind and extent, the lives of this pioneer couple ran almost parallel, for while less than a year intervened between their births, but little more than a year separated the death of the former, July 16, 1904, from that of the latter, September 22, 1905. Archer Bartlett was a farmer by occupation, and the grandson of James Bartlett, who followed the martial fortunes of Washington during the Revolutionary War. Colonel W. M. B. Archer, after whom Archer Bartlett was named, and the latter's uncle, was prominent in the early political undertakings of Illinois, was several times a member of the Legislature, and was Commissioner of the great drainage canal built in the northern part of the State. Archer Avenue, Chicago, since made famous by Mr. Dooley, was named after him, and he was the civic father of Marshall, which he founded and laid out in 1835.

After graduating from the Marshall high school in May, 1885, Mr. Bartlett engaged in teaching at the Washington School, Darwin Township, during the winter of 18S6-S7. During the winter of 1887-88 he attended De Pauw University, and while there became a member of the recently organized Greek letter fraternity, Delta Upsilon. His school days, however, included much not to be found between the covers of books, for he had an energetic and inquiring mind, and set a pace not easily followed by boys less resourceful. Among other youthful undertakings was the publication of a local paper called "The Early Bird," the title of which was in no way misleading. The editorial partner in this venture was Fenton W. Booth, a neighbor and playfellow, who since has become Judge of the United States Court of Claims. In connection with his paper, Mr. Bartlett learned the printer's trade, and he subsequently learned the art of telegraphing while filling positions at various local railway stations.

Mr. Bartlett studied law in the office of Golden & Wilkin, later Golden & Hamill, and at the examination held before the Appellate Court in Springfield, this State, in November, 1888, was admitted to practice at the bar of Illinois. Locating in Marshall soon after, he was elected City Attorney in 1889, and in October, 1899, was appointed Master in Chancery of Clark County, which office he held until October, 1903. He served one term as Alderman of Marshall, and was Chairman of the Water and Light Committee when the present system of water supply was installed in the winter of 1900-01. At present he is a member of the Board of Education. He is a stanch supporter of Republican politics. Mr. Bartlett in 1896 was defeated for the office of State's Attorney by his cousin, Hon. S. M. Scholfield. He is a member of the law firm of Davison & Bartlett.

December 23, 1891, Mr. Bartlett was united In marriage to Mary R. Stephens, of Casey, Ill., a granddaughter of the late Susan Jane Brooks, a respected pioneer who lived south of Casey. The death of Mrs. Bartlett occurred in July, 1892, and October 8, 1893, Mr. Bartlett married Mary E. Wooster, also of Casey, and of the union four children have been born: Bertha Alice, deceased ; Lloyd Archer, eleven years old; Sidney Ganong, six years old; and Ralph Quick, ten months old. To thorough grounding in the fundamentals of his calling, Mr. Bartlett adds an honorable and straightforward nature, clear insight into the motives and temptations of mankind, and the faculty of presenting clearly and in convincing manner his case before judge and jury. No matter how large the demand upon his resources, one feels that there are forces still unexhausted, and this tendency to reserve is one of the most salient and promising of his qualities of success.

In November, 1906, Mr. Bartlett became a member of the Congregational Church of Marshall, and his religious preference is shared by all of the members of his family. He is a member and had held high office in all of the following fraternities: Marshall Lodge No. 133, A. F. & A. M.; Eureka Lodge No. 64, I. O. O. F.; Lancelot Lodge No. 67, K. of P.; Seminole Tribe, I. O. R. M., and the Court of Honor.

BAUGHMAN, Jesse Filmore.—Jesse F. Baughman, for twenty-eight years owner and operator of the grist mill at Casey, who has never made his home outside of Clark County, and is one of the most respected citizens now residing in it, was born in Johnson Township, May 4, 1850. He is a son of David and Lucy H. (Buck) Baughman, the father born in Muskingum County, Ohio, on May 19, 1820, and the mother in Morrow County, that State, on the 26th of September, 1821. David Baughman was a farmer, a merchant and for forty-one years was Postmaster of Oak Point, in this county. He came to Clark County from Ohio in 1841, and engaged in farming there until 1848, where he went into the mercantile business at Oak Point. President Lincoln appointed him Postmaster at that place, where, as stated, he held the position for forty-one years. His son, Jesse F., still has in his possession the original appointment signed by the immortal President. The elder Baughman relinquished the postoffice only owing to its discontinuance caused by the establishment of rural free delivery routes. The grandfather, Christian Baughman, was born and reared in Pennsylvania and moved to Muskingum County, Ohio, about 1797, where he lived until his death in 1837.

Jesse F. Baughman passed his early years upon his father's farm in Johnson Township and assisted him in its cultivation, as well as in the running of the store and the postoffice. He still has good cause to remember the cold day of 1863, when the thermometer registered twenty-two degrees below zero, for one of his tasks was to drive a bunch of stubborn cattle through deep snow for a distance of one mile, after which he had to walk back to the store. After getting what education he could from the common schools of Johnson Township, he attended Westfield United Brethren College for about two years, and then returned to work on the home farm.

Mr. Baughman left the family homestead in Johnson Township in 1872, and, locating in Casey, bought the grist mill at that place, which he operated continuously and successfully until 1898, when he sold out and assumed the management of the old farm, for which he cared until the death of his father, April 19, 1906, his mother having passed away on the 27th of April, 1896. Mr. Baughman has always been a Republican, and was once elected an Alderman of Casey, but after thus serving two years he became disgusted with politics and has since refused to be a candidate for any office. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church, is strictly honest, industrious, a good business man, universally respected, and an honorable neighbor and citizen in every sense of the word.

Jesse F. Baughman was married September 24, 1874, to Barbara Ellen Carr, who was born in Morgan County, Ind., November 29, 1853, and is the eldest daughter of the seven children of C. A. Carr, whose biography is elsewhere given. Three children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Baughman, as follows: S. Goldie Baughman, January 6, 1876, who was married to Carey S. Welsh August 14, 1901; David Carr, born May 11, 1886, and Allen H., born October 20, 1893.

BEARD, Wesley.—The identification of the Beard family with the development of Clark County dates back to the year 1832, when Benjamin J. Beard, a youth of sixteen years, visited this section of the country on a prospecting tour, and, deciding to remain, took up a tract of Government land in Wabash Township. However, after two years he returned to his native locality, and it was not until about 1840 that he again came to the State and county. The second settlement proved to be permanent and from that day to this members of the family have contributed to the material growth and agricultural progress of Darwin and Wabash Townships. Not the least conspicuous member of the family is Wesley Beard, the enterprising farmer and stock-raiser who resides on Section 9, Darwin Township, and who was born on the same farm February 7, 1853. The greater part of bis life has been spent at the same location, where now he owns 150 acres of improved land and cultivates the land with skill and sagacity.

The Beard family in years gone by held a prominent position in their part of Kentucky, and Benjamin J. Beard was born in that State May 16, 1816, receiving such meager advantages as the day and locality afforded. As previously stated, he came from Kentucky to Illinois at the age of sixteen, settled in Wabash Township, Clark County, but two years later returned to Kentucky, thence crossed the Ohio River into Indiana. There he married Elizabeth Maxedon, who was born in Orange County, that State, March 5, 1823. From Indiana he again came to Clark County in 1840 and bought eighty acres, which he cleared and placed under cultivation. All of his children, five sons and one daughter, were born in Darwin or Wabash Township, Clark County, and the family was influential from the period of its earliest residence in these localities. During the existence of the Grange he was one of the leading members of the local organization. Until the disintegration of the Whig party he advocated its principles and later became a stanch Democrat. During a service of twenty three years as Road Commissioner he accomplished much toward the opening of new roads and the proper grading of those already opened. No one in the community was more deeply interested than he in the building of new roads, for he recognized their importance to the farmer in the hauling of produce to the markets. When in his seventy-third year he passed from the scenes of earth, comforted at the last, as he had been uplifted through life, by the faith of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, to which he had belonged for many years.

The district schools of Darwin Township gave Wesley Beard such advantages as he received in the way of education. July 1, 1880, he was united in marriage with Lucy R., daughter of William and Theresa Kieran, early settlers of Wabash Township. Mrs. Beard was born September 25, 1861, and at the age of eight years accompanied her parents to Clark County, settling in Wabash Township, where she received a country school education. Of her marriage to Mr. Beard four children were born. The eldest daughter is now the wife of James Bell and lives on a farm in this county. The younger children, Roy, Lydia May and Coral, are yet at home. For eight years after his marriage Mr. Beard resided on a farm in Cumberland County, but at the expiration of that time he brought his family back to Clark County and settled on the old family homestead. Here he has engaged in general farm pursuits with gratifying success. Active in political matters, he serves as Chairman of the Democratic Committee of Darwin Township and has held a number of township offices, including that of Supervisor. The Grange numbers him among its members and he also holds membership with the Masonic Blue Lodge at Marshall.

BEASLEY, Timothy A.—Included in the list of men to whom the finding of oil in certain portion of Eastern Illinois has proved of financial benefit we mention Timothy A. Beasley, a native-born son of Clark County and a lifelong resident of this region. Of an energetic and stirring nature, resolute in his determination to achieve independence, he toiled indefatigably as a farmer and by dint of perseverance and unwearied toil he gained a place of his own. However, the struggle had been a hard one, and hence he was highly gratified when the discovery of oil on his farm enhanced its value many times the original price. Already three producing wells have been placed on the land and it is the intention to drill others from time to time. The increased prosperity resulting from the development of oil enables Mr. Beasley to retire to some extent from the heaviest of his farm labors and he plans for the future years a greater degree of rest and relaxation than was possible during the struggles of the past.

About the beginning of the nineteenth century the Beasley family was established in America by Richard Beasley, a native of Ireland, and a pioneer of the then wilds of Indiana. Joel J., son of Richard, was born and reared in Indiana, and there, in September, 1852, he married Martha Montgomery, who was born in that state of German ancestry. About 1856 the young couple migrated to Illinois and settled in Clark County, where they have since made their home. Among their children was a son, Timothy A., who was born in Clark County March 31, 1862, and who received such advantages as the country schools of that day afforded. Upon starting out for himself he established domestic ties. June 2, 1887, he was united in marriage with Lucy K. Funk, a daughter of John and Amanda J. (Shaw) Funk, whose sketch will be found upon another page of this volume. The seven children of Mr. and Mrs. Beasley are named as follows: Dessa May, born May 8, 1888; Flossie J., November 20, 1890; Myrtie M., November 21, 1892; Zonie Nell, December 27, 1895; Madge Amanda, March 15, 1898; Cecil Maria, June 4, 1902; and Timothy Alta, August 11, 1904. The children are intelligent and charming, and their presence fills the home with joy.

The first start as a land-owner which Mr. Beasley made was in 1887, when he bought twenty acres from his father. Two years later he bought an adjoining tract of the same size. However, in 1892 he sold out and bought seventy-three acres known as the Lindsey farm. During 1896 he again sold out. His next purchase comprises a thirty-acre tract in Casey Township and forty-five acres across the township line in Johnson Township, when he purchased from George Fisher. A year later he added to his possessions by the purchase of twenty acres, since which time he has devoted his attention to the care of his property. While he has not been deeply interested in politics, he has kept well posted concerning public affairs and has given stanch allegiance to the Democratic party.

BEESON, Lewis R.—A prominent farmer, an old soldier and a good, able citizen of public affairs, the late Lewis R. Beeson, who passed away in 1889, at his homestead in Johnson Township, was a man who had made his way to every honorable position in life by the force of his straightforward character and his useful and intelligently directed actions. He was born in Harrison County, Ohio, on the 15th of January, 1837, and was the son of Richard and Elizabeth (Hanshaw) Beeson, both parents being natives of Virginia who migrated to that county about the year 1825. Richard Beeson the grandfather bought each of his two sons, Richard and Lewis, 160 acres of land, and the latter remained in Ohio until 1853, when he returned to live in Virginia. Richard, father of Lewis R., came to Illinois in 1850, farmed in Edgar County for three years, and then removed to Johnson Township, Clark County, where he died about 1856.

Lewis R. Beeson made his home with his father until the latter's death when, at the age of about twenty, he bought a farm six miles southeast of Casey and resided upon it for the remainder of his life, which ceased March 9, 1889. When he purchased the 160 acres comprising the homestead, the land was mostly wooded, but by dint of unceasing industry, determination and intelligent work he cleared and cultivated it, added improvements of fencing, convenient buildings, etc., until today it is as fine and well improved as any farm in Johnson Township. His friendships were widely scattered and firm, as he was a popular, honest and substantial man.

On December 1, 1861, two weeks before his marriage, Lewis R. Beeson enlisted in Company B, Second Illinois Light Artillery, and served for three years, participating in the battles of Corinth, Shiloh, and other noted engagements. After his honorable discharge from the service he returned to the peaceful duties of the citizen farmer, industriously following his calling and well serving his county in such positions as Supervisor and Tax Collector. Politically he was a firm Republican, and was a follower of the Methodist faith.

Mr. Beeson married Miss Florello Whitaker, daughter of Neri and Ruth (Buck) Whitaker, on the 15th of December, 1861. Her father was a native of Muskingum County, Ohio, born about 1818, who came to Illinois only about two months before his death, which occurred August 3, 1847. The mother, an Ohio woman, was born in Delaware County, April 19, 1820, and died February 4, 1888, the maternal grandparents being natives respectively of York State and Vermont. Six children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Lewis R. Beeson, viz.: Emma, Nathan, Viola, John, Etta and Myrtle, all of whom are living; and Annie and an infant son, who are deceased. The two sons are married and living on the old home farm and are useful and respected members of the community.

BEHNER, C. F.—Because of his skill as a veterinary surgeon, C. F. Behner is in demand not only in Illinois but in the adjoining State of Indiana. Since his graduation from the Ontario Veterinary College in Toronto, Canada, in 1894, and his almost immediate settlement in Marshall, he has witnessed a steady rise in his professional fortunes, and now is considered one of the most capable in his line in the Central West.

Dr. Behner is a native of Illinois, and was born in Edgar County, January 28, 1872. He is the sixth oldest of the five sons and eight daughters of Lewis and Phebe (Daugherty) Behner, the former of whom was born in Stark County, Ohio, and the latter in Clark County, Ill. Dr. Behner was educated in the public schools of Edgar County, and at the age of twenty left home and went to Canada, where, as before stated, he became interested in his present work.' Special honors have been conferred upon him from time to time, including the appointment as Assistant State Veterinarian of Illinois, April 1, 1896, and the office of veterinary surgeon for the Illinois State Fair in 1904.

Dr. Behner is a Democrat in politics, and fraternally is connected with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Lodge No. 64. October 17, 1894, he was united in marriage to Mary E. Whitehead, daughter of Hon. Silas S. Whitehead, a prominent attorney of Marshall, now deceased. Mrs. Behner was born in Marshall and is a graduate of the high schools of her native town. Dr. Behner is enthusiastically devoted to his work, being inspired by motives of humanity in large degree. The burden bearers of man in this section have no better or more helpful friend than this earnest and capable student of their needs, the methods employed being in harmony with the latest scientific discoveries in medicine and surgery.

BEHNER, Gottlieb.—Transplanted to this side of the Atlantic ocean, where they adapt themselves to the widest possible range of New World opportunities, the sons of the German Fatherland have ever added substantially and worth to the localities in which they have elected to reside. As farmers they are unexcelled because of their patience and thoroughness, their love of home, and their natural kinship with the soil, and invariably they live within their means and have something ready for the proverbial rainy day. Two generations of the Behner family have confirmed the general estimate of the Teuton in Marshall Township, the founder of the family, Christian F. Behner, and his son, Gottlieb, both having achieved enviable reputations as agriculturists and stock-raisers Christian F. Behner was born in Germany, and had the school and other advantages of the peasant class. As do the average of his countrymen, he early established a home of his own, marrying Dorothy Abel, with whom he sailed for America in March, 1830. Locating on a farm in Pennsylvania, he began the task of succeeding among people who spoke a strange tongue and practiced strange customs, and nine months after his arrival, November 29, 1830, his second son, Gottlieb, was born. His oldest son was christened Christian F., and following Gottlieb came Michael, Lewis, Rose Ann, Chester, Elizabeth, Katherine and Sophia, of whom Elizabeth and Sophia are deceased. From Pennsylvania Mr. Behner moved his family overland in a wagon to Stark County, Ohio, later settling in Clark County, and purchasing eighty acres of timber land in Marshall Township, in August, 1841. Gottlieb at that time was eleven years old, and during the following winter he helped his father and brother clear the land, and prepare the soil for the seed in the springtime. His mother made the rude little home comfortable, made the clothing, mended and cooked for her husband and children, and soon more land was purchased, a finer house erected, and success perched on the banner of the wayfarers from the other side of the water. In time Mr. Behner owned six hundred acres of land, yet he brought little with him as a nucleus for this splendid reward for labor. He lived to see his children grow up around him, and to divide with them the competence that they had jointly earned. He was a Democrat in politics, and a member of the Evangelical Church, at Marshall, the service of which was read over him at his burial in 1887. His wife died in 1884. He was a man of strict integrity, and in his household laxity or laziness were never tolerated. He reared his children to independence of thought and action, and to that economy in small things which is the surest road to wealth.

At the age of seventy-seven years Gottlieb Behner is the possessor of 240 acres of land, every acre being the result of his and his wife's hard labor, and long since has laid aside his implements of labor. He has been an interested spectator of the growth of this part of Clark County, and has taken an intelligent and helpful part in agriculture, education, politics and religion. He married, July 22, 1855, Catherine Theis, a native of Germany, and born March 7, 1833. Mrs. Behner is a daughter of John and Margaret (Mischler) Theis, both of whom are deceased, and she came to America at the age of twenty years, and to Marshall in 1854. Mr. and Mrs. Behner are the parents of three sons and four daughters: Michael; Rebecca; Liddy; James Allen; Edward B.; Rose E., deceased; Florence Sidney; and Emma Loretta. Mr. Behner usually votes the Democratic ticket, but reserves the right to choose the man best fitted for the office in question. He has been a School Director fifteen years, and during that time helped to maintain a high standard of instruction. He is a quiet and unostentatious man, kind in his judgment of others, and generous in his contributions to worthy causes. He has led an upright and useful life, and is liked and respected by all who know him.

BELL, James.—Although not numbered among the pioneer population of Clark County, the Bell family has been identified with the agricultural interests of the region for a period sufficiently long to bring them to a prominent position among neighboring farmers and to give them the confidence of acquaintances. The head of the family at the time of their arrival in Illinois was Elias Bell, who was born in Ohio about 1827 and traced his genealogy to German ancestors. Reared in the Buckeye State, he there married in 1850 Miss Elizabeth Oberholtzer, who was born in Pennsylvania about 1828 and belonged to a German family. Two years after their marriage the young couple removed to Indiana and during the spring of 1871 they came further west, settling in Clark County, Illinois, where they soon became known for sterling worth of character and the highest integrity in every business transaction.

During the residence of Elias and Elizabeth Bell in Owen County, Ind., their son, James, was born February 5, 1859, and at the time of removing to Illinois he was a boy of twelve years. Five children besides himself are living and all are married with the exception of the youngest daughter. Two children died in infancy. Educated primarily in country schools, later James Bell was sent to the Casey high school and after leaving that institution he gave his attention wholly to the cultivation of the home farm. After the death of his father, which occurred September 18, 1882, he continued to make his home with his mother and superintended the estate in her interests and those of the other heirs. At the time of his marriage he owned thirty acres of the old homestead. Afterward he purchased seventy-two acres from a brother and sister, also bought twelve acres from another brother, and in addition he has purchased twenty acres from Nathan Barr, so that now he owns all of the home farm excepting forty acres belonging to a sister.

On establishing home ties Mr. Bell was married, May 15, 1892, to Mrs. Margaret (Wilson) Barr, a native of Clark County. Her parents, James W. and Mary A. (Port) Wilson, were natives respectively of Virginia and Indiana, the latter of German extraction ; the former was of English parentage, the family having come across the ocean to America, about the year 1770. The family of James Bell comprises three children, namely: Zona O., who was born August 12, 1894; Lloyd E., June 3, 1897; and Fenton W., September 29, 1900. The United Brethern Church receives the allegiance and support of Mr. Bell, who is a sincere believer in its doctrines and a contributor to movements for the cause of Christianity. Realizing that much of the villlainy wrought upon the earth is the result of the indiscriminate sale of intoxicants, he has long been an enemy of the saloon and has given the cause of Prohibition his firm and hearty support. Often he has been honored with election to local offices of trust, all of which he has filled with intelligence and the utmost fidelity. Among the positions he has held may be mentioned those of Assessor, Tax Collector, Town Clerk and Justice of the Peace.

Through assiduous efforts and sagacious management Mr. Bell has converted his land into as fine a farm as may be found for miles around, and the place stands as a monument to his thrift, integrity and enterprise. The possibility of the presence of oil on the farm has led him to take some initial steps toward investigating the same, and already he owns one-fourth interest in forty acres of as fine oil land as may be found in this belt, the tract having ten of the largest producing wells in the entire district. The oil industry with its attendant possibilities has received the enthusiastic support of Mr. Bell, who sees in its development a larger success for the property owners of the district than could be achieved from agricultural pursuits. In his dealings with all he has shown wise judgment and great tact, and it is conceded among all his associates that he is one of the most capable farmers of the township.

BENNETT, Frederick R.—So closely and continuously has the Bennett family been identified with Westfield Township since 1832, that a history of either would be incomplete without mention of the other. No name in this splendid section of Clark County, with its unrivaled advantages of soil, climate and general business, has conformed more resolutely and naturally to its need, or kept more intelligent pace with its progress. The dividing of the ways, occasioned by the awakening of the members of a family to their respective life preferences, resulted in a continuation by Frederick R. Bennett, of the occupation in which he had been reared, and his subsequent retirement to his present home in the town of Westfield.

Mr. Bennett was born on the paternal farm in the eastern part of Westfield Township, July 8, 1841, and is a son of Harvey and Elizabeth C. (Clinton) Bennett, seven of whose fourteen children still are living. Idleness or dependence were never encouraged or countenanced in the Bennett household, and the children grew to a serious comprehension of responsibility. The Civil War found many steadfast supporters in the old Bennett farm house, and Frederick R., then twenty years old, willingly gave his services as a private in Company H, Twenty-first Illinois Volunteer Infantry, in what was known as General Grant's Regiment. In the Army of the Cumberland he was in the thick of the fight in many important battles, and saw active service at Frederickstown, Mo., Stone River, Buzzard's Roost, Hoover's Gap, Big Shanty, Chattanooga, Pea Ridge, Siege of Knoxville, Mossy Creek, Missionary Ridge, Franklin, Chickamauga. and many others. He served from June 11, 1861, to July 9, 1864, and after his honorable discharge at Louisville, Ky., reached his old home in Westfield Township July 15th.

December 25, 1864, Mr. Bennett was united in marriage to Catherine Jane Parker, the daughter of a neighboring farmer, with whom he had gone to school, and whom he had known as long as he could remember. For thirty seven years this couple lived together, and steadfastly labored for the best good of their home, their friends and the community, never failing in their mutual respect and consideration, or losing, during the stress of raising seven sons and four daughters, and the grief of burying two loved ones in childhood, the serene affection which had crowned the beginning of their journey together. Mrs. Bennett died in August, 1904, the year after Mr. Bennett had left the farm upon which all of their married life had been spent, and retired to Westfield. In 1905 Mr. Bennett married Mrs. Stella (Edwards) Sisk. He is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, and identified with the Republican party. Mr. Bennett has added to the agricultural prestige of this township, and has taught its rising generation a lesson in good judgment, perseverance, good nature and good intent. To know him is to respect and like him, for he has the strong and fundamental qualities upon which rest the real worth and character of communities.

BENNETT, Harlin A.—The distinction of being the most extensive breeder of coach horses in Clark County unquestionably belongs to Harlin A. Bennett. He was the first to introduce the German coach horse in this part of the State, which was in 1899. He worked hard to convince the people of the merits of this breed of horses, but they have been convinced and have taken up with them equally with Mr. Bennett. He started in this business with one German coach stallion, Einfarbe (Old Swift), and on account of the increase of business was forced to add three more fine stallions to his barns. Mr. Bennett is a man of affairs, well educated, well informed and particularly well equipped and designed for the important and interesting occupation which is claiming his attention. His domain of action is a hundred acre tract of desirable land, upon which are two barns of modern construction, a large and comfortable brick dwelling, and those general accompaniments of country existence necessary for both the pursuit of his labor and the disposal of his leisure. He also is part owner of other valuable properties in Clark County, and not in a month's travel would one find a more sincere admirer of good horses, or a more enthusiastic promoter of their breeding, than this popular and genial landsman.

Mr. Bennett was born in Parker Township, Clark County, August 19. 1866, and Is a son of Hardin and Deba Ann (Houghton) Bennett, the former of whom was born in Kentucky in 1816 and died in this county, and the latter of whom was born in West Virginia in 1821. The parents came to Clark County with their children, and the mother now lives in Parker with her son Alfred. Harlin A. Bennett had few advantages shared by other farmers' sons, but he was energetic and persevering, and always had a great idea of specializing in order to get the best agricultural results. That he had grasped the tendency of the age is evident from his splendid success along the line chosen. He remained on the paternal farm until his marriage, in 1891, to Allie Keller, since which his family has been augmented by a son, Ernie O. With his young wife he located in Martinsville and engaged in the hardware and implement business for four years, at the end of that time disposing of his stock and locating on the farm he since has occupied. He conducts general farming on a large scale, but his special pride are the magnificent specimens of horse flesh which find their way to all parts of the country and which have captured many prizes by way of encouragement to their largehearted and capable owner.

Though no partisan, Mr. Bennett is a loyal adherent of the Republican party, and he has served its local interests in various capacities. He is fraternally prominent, and identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Modern Woodmen of America and the Loyal Americans. He is an excellent neighbor, loyal friend, interesting companion and honorable and dependable country gentleman.

BENNETT, Nathan Riley.—With the awful silence of the prairies around him, and with nothing to sustain his ambition but a sublime hope, Harvey Bennett, in the loneliness and isolation of his little cabin in Westfield Township in 1830, drew the horoscope of his surroundings, and planned and built and worked to make his dream come true. Sixty-three years later, when the log cabin had disappeared in the haze of history, and the vision of the early seer, of the gathering multitude and the bewildering hum of industries and trade had been realized, Nathan Riley Bennett, son of the path-finder, recognizing the need of its facilities, established with Mr. Collins what now is the Westfield Bank, of which he since has been President, and which is the first monetary institution in the township. Thus has the fundamental occupation of agriculture, and the resultant and equally important occupation of banking, been pioneered and promoted by a family which, in addition to innumerable other claims upon the consideration of the community, has been identified with its interests continuously since the third year of its settlement, or for a period of seventy-three years.

The life history of Harvey Bennett, enlarged upon elsewhere in this work, went parallel with Westfield Township for more than half a century, or until his death in 1886, at the age of seventy-six years. His wife also was born in Kentucky, and came with her parents to Paris, Ill. She was married in 1836, and died in 1891, at the age of seventy-five years. In girlhood she was known as Elizabeth C. Clinton, and she became the mother of fourteen children, eight of whom attained maturity, and seven of whom still are living. Of these, Nathan Riley was born on the farm taken up from the Government in the eastern part of Westfield Township, February 12, 1856. Notwithstanding the fact of his father's growing prosperity, the son was trained in the gospel of thrift and industry, and early developed adaptiveness and keen realization of the possibilities and responsibilities of his position. He married, in 1877, Eliza J. Moffett, daughter of Elder S. H. Moffett, a native of Kentucky, and early settler of Edgar County. The young people went to housekeeping on the old Bennett farm, remaining there until the family removal to the town of Westfield in 1893. As a farmer Mr. Bennett represented all that science and enlightenment thus far has devised for the profit and convenience of the rural dweller, and as is repeatedly demonstrated, the mastery of the essentials of the best agricultural practice fitted him for participation in a diversity of interests remote from the farm. He accumulated substantial wealth in products, stock and lands, and at present still owns two hundred acres of the old homestead, as well as other valuable properties in different parts of the county.

With conservatism and caution as his basic principles, Mr. Bennett has proved an invaluable business adjunct to the growing community of Westfield. There is nothing of the experimentalist or visionary in his make-up, and he never is carried away by unstable enthusiasms. He naturally has been attracted to the unchanging institution of banking, for which the stability of his character and his high standing in the community admirably prepared him, and. the bank established by Bennett & Collins June 6, 1895, started upon its monetary career under the most favorable of circumstances. The name of the institution eventually was changed to the Westfield Bank, and is owned and controlled by the firm of Bennett, Spelbring & Company. It is a private concern, and is a strong and dependable institution doing a purely commercial business. In addition, Mr. Bennett is President of the Farmersburg (Indiana) Bank, and he is also a large stockholder in the bank at Cloverdale, Ind.

The oil industry in the vicinity of Westfield owes much of its past development and future promise to the conspicuous support of Mr. Bennett. He is a stanch supporter of institutions that have for their object the development of the young, and education has no more enthusiastic friend than he. For several terms he was a member of the Board of Education, and for years he served as Treasurer of Westfield College. While never seeking the rewards of politics, his devotion to Republican tenets has resulted in his election to several minor offices, including that of Collector and Road Commissioner. In religion he follows the family precedent, and like his father is a member of the primitive Baptist Church, towards the support of which he has contributed generously for many years. Mr. and Mrs. Bennett have two sons, of whom Clarence is Assistant Cashier of the Westfield Bank, and Clayton still is in school. The life of Mr. Bennett serves the great purpose of providing useful lessons—lessons in patience, persistence, integrity, adaptiveness, far-sightedness and public-spiritedness. In him is realized the high potentiality of the pathfinder, could that exemplification of initiative and courage have continued his pilgrimage and usefulness into the present century. The Bennett name today stands for all that is substantial and worth while in human endeavor, and for all that is intelligent, dependable and upright in character.

BENNETT, Norman.—Thus far the active life of Norman Bennett has subscribed to the great need of popular education, and it is safe to say that no obligation assumed by the workers of the world is of greater relative importance. That Mr. Bennett finds his work congenial, that he brings to it the qualities of insight, patience and understanding, and an authoritative character in which is the iron of determination and the force of reserve, but adds to his usefulness as a factor for good, and emphasizes his fitness for many avenues of activity.

Born in Johnson Township, Clark County, Ill., January 29, 1873, Mr. Bennett is of Scotch-Irish ancestry on the paternal, and German ancestry on the maternal side of his family. His paternal grandparents came from New York to Ohio when the Buckeye State still was a wilderness, settling in Delaware County, where Theodore Bennett, father of Norman, was born in 1841. In 1853, when the lad was twelve years old, the family located in Orange Township, Clark County, Ill., where he attained maturity, and in the course of time married Nancy M. Dehl. A remote Dehl forefather came from Germany to the colony of Pennsylvania, from where the parents of Mrs. Bennett removed to Illinois in 1856. After his marriage Mr. Bennett built a house across the line in Johnson Township, and with a small property as a nucleus, succeeded, in spite of many obstacles, in surrounding himself with a paid-for possession of six hundred and forty acres of land, upon which he still makes his home. He is a prominent Democrat, and has held the township offices of Assessor, Collector, Supervisor and Highway Commissioner. He represents the sturdy, honest, temperate and industrious class upon whose shoulders rests the dependable foundations of community existence.

Primarily, Norman Bennett was educated in the common schools, and he eventually entered Westfield College, from which he graduated in 1898 with the degrees of B. S. and M. S. He holds a life State teacher's certificate, and a license to practice law in the State of Illinois. Combining school teaching with the acquiring of his higher education until his graduation, he thereafter filled the position of principal of the Westfield public schools for four years, was principal of the schools of Arthur, Ill., for one year, Superintendent at Martinsville for two years, and Superintendent at Marshall for one year, resigning from the latter responsibility to make the race for County Superintendent of Schools on the Democratic ticket. Although nominated August 4, 1906, he was defeated at the election the following November.

During the Spanish-American War Mr. Bennett enlisted in a Clark County regiment, but was never requisitioned for active service. He became a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in 1906, and is permanent Secretary of Eureka Lodge No. 64, of Marshall. At Westfield, Ill., July 14, 1895, he was united in marriage to Nora Barbee, of which union there is a son, Grendel F., six years of age. Mrs. Bennett, who, previous to her marriage, was an educator, is a daughter of Clark L. and Caroline (Bryant) Barbee, pioneers of Clark County, the former of Westfield and the latter of Wabash Township. Mr. Bennett is not a member of any church, but he attends the Christian Church, and contributes generously towards church and charitable organizations. His wife is connected with the United Brethren Church. Mr. Bennett is a promoter of the gospel of industry, and he is in close touch with an age which has set up practical standards and established practical demands. It is his wish to teach the youth of the land to do things, to adjust their forces, comprehend their limitations, and create out of their environment the greatest possible usefulness and the greatest possible happiness. Mr. Bennett is now the editor and proprietor of the "Democrat," a county weekly with a good circulation.

BENSON, James P.—Although not one of the large landed interests of Wabash Township, the farm of James P. Benson, in Section 29, is so wisely and practically conducted that it nets its owner a comfortable living, and has enabled him to lay aside a competence for the proverbial rainy day. Mr. Benson is a Virginian, and was born September 22, 1837. His father, Alexander Benson, died in early life, and his mother subsequently married John Kesler who settled in Clark County during the early '40s, but subsequently located in Minnesota, where he died at an advanced age. Mr. and Mrs. Kesler had four sons and three daughters. James P. Benson was reared on the Wabash Township farm of seventy-five acres, and in 1863 married Sarah Snedeker, daughter of Josiah Snedeker, one of the early settlers of Clark County. After the marriage the young people moved to the farm which they now occupy, and where were born and reared their four sons and three daughters. Of these, Lola is the wife of Charles Ball, in the sawmill business near Brazil, Ind.; Frank married Nellie Marlett, and they reside in Terre Haute, Ind., Ralph married Maggie Lowery, who died June 13, 1906, leaving a son, James B.; Maude, the wife of Robert A. Wallace, a saw dresser living in the State of Washington; Delbert; and Vaughn. Mr. Benson is a Democrat in politics, but he has never been active in office seeking. He is an honorable and highly respected man, and has the best wishes of the community in which has been passed the greater part of his life.

BIGELOW, Charles E.—Success, which is doing that which we have to do to the best of our ability, has dignified the fortunes of the Bigelow family ever since its establishment in Illinois in 1853. Its range of usefulness has extended from the trades of farming and masonry as followed in Edgar and Coles Counties by Andrew J. Bigelow, in the early days to the high educational attainments and shrewd business sagacity evidenced by Charles E. Bigelow, son of the tradesman, in the more recent history of Clark County. Back of the worthy endeavor of the men bearing the name is direct participation in the colonial affairs of New England, and long association with the State of Massachusetts, where Andrew Bigelow was born in 1829. The narrow New England environment pressed heavily upon the spirit of the lad as he grew to maturity, and at the age of twenty-one he journeyed westward to Edgar County, Ill., where he soon found work, and married Addie P. Green, who was born in his own native State. While living on a farm he worked at plastering and brick laying with such success that his services were in demand throughout the county, and he was earning a comfortable living when called from accustomed tasks and creative tools to wield the accouterments of destruction in the Civil War. He served for three years in the Seventy-ninth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, undergoing practically all of the tortures of war, including eighteen months imprisonment in Libby and other Southern prisons. With the establishment of peace he located in Coles County, this State, on a farm, and in the spring of 1884 moved to Westfield, where he henceforth lived in retirement. He is a Republican in politics, and a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. He has two living children, Charles E. and Effie, the latter the wife of Harry M. McGee, of Chicago.

Charles E. Bigelow was born on his father's farm in Coles County, Ill., December 6, 1868, and at the age of fourteen entered the Westfield College as a student, little thinking that his mature powers would be enlisted as a member of the institution's faculty. Upon graduating in 1888, at the expiration of six years, he took a course at Eastman's National Business College, in Poughkeepsie, N. Y., and thereupon became associated with his alma mater in Westfield as lecturer in English, at the expiration of the first year filling the chairs of bookkeeping and mathematics until his retirement in 1903. From 1902 until 1903 he was Vice-president of the College, and he still is a member of its executive committee. Mr. Bigelow possessed sympathy and understanding, two great essentials in educational work, and his efforts left little to be desired from the standpoint of thoroughness and practicability. He was personally highly esteemed by his pupils and fellow teachers, and in his retirement it was felt that a nobly sustaining influence had been withdrawn.

In August, 1903, Mr. Biglow established in Westfield the Bigelow Lumber Company, whose short lease of life already has been productive of gratifying financial results. He married, in 1889, Cora Shuey, daughter of the Rev. J. G. Shuey. Mr. Bigelow subscribes to the principles of the Republican party, but has ever been averse to sharing local political responsibilities. Fraternally he is associated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Modern Woodmen of America. He finds a religious home in the United Brethren Church.

BLACK, John K., a retired business man of Marshall, Ill., was born on the 4th of January, 1848, in Wabash Township, Clark County. He was the second child in a family of eleven children, and a son of John A. and Nancy Baird Black, both of whom are now dead, the latter passing away September 23, 1889, and the former on September 7, 1904. The parents of the subject of this sketch were among the earliest settlers of Clark County. John K. Black was educated in the common schools of Clark County, and at the age of seventeen he entered the harness shop of Warden Griffith for the purpose of learning the harness makers' trade, quite an honorable, useful and paying business in Clark County forty years ago. After completing his apprenticeship he worked at his trade for a time in Mattoon, Ill., and married his first wife, Miss Mary Matilda Ownby, in Coles County, who was born at Lawrenceburg, Ind., on July 7, 1848. She died at Marshall, Ill., February 24, 1875, two days after the birth of their only child, a son, and which infant son also died February 23, 1875, and was buried in the same casket with its mother. Mr. Black was married to Miss Mary L. Warriner, at Mattoon, Ill., on March 1, 1881, and who was born at Greensburg, Ind., on June 8, 1857. The second marriage of Mr. Black has been blessed with two children, both daughters, the first Ida Elnora, born in Marshall, March 6, 1883, and the second Clara Matilda, born at Marshall, March 26, 1888. Elnora was married June 21, 1904, to Walter F. Hutchinson, an employee of the Bureau of Fisheries of the United States Government at Washington, D. C, and who is now stationed at Manchester, Iowa, where he and his wife now reside.

Mr. Black was engaged for thirty years in the grocery and poultry business at Marshall, and had the continued confidence and esteem of all who knew him during all that time, and in both businesses. He was one of the most successful business men of Marshall. He is a man of most excellent habits and character. He has been Deputy Sheriff of Clark County, Constable of Marshall Township, member of the Marshall School Board, and he is now and has been for eleven years a member of the Board of Supreme Directors of the Court of Honor and for three years Chairman of that Board. He has just been re-elected for other term of four years. Mr. Black is a member of the Congregational Church of Marshall while his wife and daughter Clara are members of the Christian Church of Marshall. Mr, Black is a member in good standing of the Masonic Fraternity and Odd Fellows' Order, as well as a member of the following social and mutual benefit orders and societies: the Court of Honor, Modern Woodmen, Modern American, Loyal American and Daughters of Rebekah. Mr. Black is a man of fine business sense, sterling honesty, pleasing address, and few men in the county are personally more popular and well liked than he.

BOOTH, Fenton W Of none of her native sons whose mental clarity, high character and genius for law have elevated them to positions of national importance is the town of Marshall more justifiably proud than of Fenton W. Booth. Mr. Booth, who is one, if not the youngest to sit in that August body, is one of the five judges of the Court of Claims, in Washington, D. C, an office which carries with it a life tenure, and which pays six thousand dollars a year. The Court of Claims disposes of more monetary business than does any other court in the United States. It has for its object the investigation of claims against the Government, and as its judgments often run up into millions of dollars, the fees of the attorneys practicing before it often approach enormous figures.

Mr. Booth is the logical conclusion of his inheritance and environment. He comes of a family of which much reasonably might be expected. His father, Lyman Booth, a native of Salem, Ind., was an honored and successful merchant in Marshall for many years; his uncle, the late Newton Booth, was prominent in the history of California as Governor and United States Senator; and his cousin, Booth Tarkington, the Hoosier writer, long since has made his mark upon American literature. His mother, formerly Fayetta A. Booth, was a native of Vandalia, Ill., and though not a relative, represented one of the substantial early families of the State.

Mr. Booth was born in Marshall, May 12, 1869, and was educated primarily in the public schools. He subsequently studied at the De Pauw University, at Greencastle, Ind., and graduated in 1892 from the law department of the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor. Locating in Marshall, he became a member of the firm of Golden, Scholfield & Booth, and soon became known as one of the strongest trial lawyers in this part of the State. He had the elements of popularity strongly developed, was of fine personal appearance, possessed a strong and well modulated voice and had a more than average command of the English Language. In time he developed exceptional oratorical powers, comparing favorably with the best speakers in the State. A man of splendid enthusiasms, of diversified interests, scholarly attainments and profound legal acumen, he is gifted also as a writer, and thus are many avenues of preferment and usefulness open to him.

Politically Mr. Booth is a Republican, but with no narrow partisan attachment. He served as a member of the Illinois Legislature and was chairman of the county committee of his party. At the election of June 18, 1903, he suffered his only public defeat as a candidate for Circuit Judge of the Marshall district, losing out by twenty-one votes. The law of compensation, however, seems to have been abroad at this period of his life, turning defeat into victory, and acknowledging capacity for more substantial compensations. In losing a position lasting only six years and paying but thirty-five hundred dollars a year he gained an office of honor stretching indefinitely to the end of his working days; one of the most gratifying and desirable within the jurisprudence of the United States.

Judge Booth is fraternally connected with the Knights of Pythias, Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, Red Men and Court of Honor. He married Mable Dean, who was born in Lincoln, Ill., June 14, 1874, and of the union there are four daughters: Margaret, Virginia, Marian and Louise.

In his capacity as physician and surgeon Dr. R. H. Bradley has achieved large results and enviable distinction in Clark County, of which he has been a resident for fifty-five years, and where, in addition to an extensive general practice, he has been pension examiner since 1872, and surgeon for the Wabash Railroad Company since 1882.
The first nine years of his life Dr. Bradley spent in Gallia County. Ohio. where he was born October 2, 184S. His surroundings were humble, and the creed of industry rigidly en forced, but he had the generally recognized advantages of being reared in a large family, the household at the time of his coming having already seven children, and after him came two more. His father, Lewis N. Bradley, was born in New York State August 9, 1805, and December 24, 1827, married Nancy C. Knox, born in Delaware, August 8, 1808, a daughter of Charles G. Knox. The family came from Ohio to Clark County in 1852, where the mother died in 1893, and the father, March 24, 1880. The latter left little means, owing to the large demand upon his resources, but in the hearts of the children who survive him is enshrined as an honorable and upright man, a wise and generous father, and excellent disciplinarian.
After completing his training in the district schools, Dr. Bradley graduated from the Marshall College in 1860, and in 1867 began the study of medicine under Dr. F. B. Payne. Eventually be entered the Chicago Medical College, and alter completing the course in March, 1878, established his practice in Marshall, his present home. In Coshocton County, Ohio, January 30, 1878, Dr. Bradley was united in marriage to Isabella Campbell, born In Coshocton County, October 30, 1848, a daughter of Thomas and Martha Campbell. Of this union there have been born three children, of whom Martha L., born January 2, 1879, is the wife of Otho Tibbs, of Marshall, and has three children:
Ralph B., Isabella and Robert N.; Stephen was born December 10, 1880; and Mary J. was born September 4, 1887. Dr. Bradley is a member of the American Medical Association, Illinois State Medical Society, Aesculapian Society and the Clark County Medical Society. He is fra ternally connected with the Masons, and in politics, is a Republican. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Supplementing his professional equipment dre such aids as a pleasing personality, magnetism, sympathy, good nature and unbounded confidence in his beneficient and inexhaustible science.

BRISCOE, William P., M. D.
The life of Dr. William P. Briscoe was raised to observance upon the qualities which sink deep into the foundations of communities, and which sustain, with the inevitability of truth itself, the best mental, moral and material standards of the human race. The ancestral and immediate history of Dr. Briscoe is dealt with on another page of this work, and here it is sufficient to state that his father, Henry Briscoe, a native of Kentucky, was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, and was present at the surrender of Cornwallis, at Yorktown. Re survived his emigration from Kentucky to Illinois only about one year, but the death of his wife, formerly Catherine Brookhart, occurred shortly after the building of the log cabin in which was enacted, with its settings of privation and loneliness, the frontier experience of a family which expressed the best in character and influence among the arrivals of 1835. In this chronicle of a noble and well beloved citizen, it seems eminently fitting that preference should be given the impression of one who knew him long and intimately, and who, in addition to a fine reading of his friend’s character, has expressed himself with sincerity and great moderation:
“Dr. William T. Briscoe, one of Clark County’s pioneers, was born in Jefferson County, Ky January 27, 1825, and died at his home near Westfield, Ill., May 1, 1891. When he was ten years of age he emigrated with his parents to Clark County, Ill., where he has since lived. Early in life he manifested great prudence, industry and the strong business characteristics that made him so successful in after years. Having saved sufficient money to pay his expenses, he attended the academy under the charge of Mr. Dean Andrews, at Marshall, Ill., and later became a pupil in the school taught by the Rev. H. I Venerable, at Paris, Ill. His professional education was gained at the Rush Medical College, Chicago. He was admitted to practice medicine in 1849, and continued in active practice until 1870, when he was elected to the Legislature, which position he honorably and ably filled. Since then he has chiefly engaged in agricultural pursuits at his well known farms, ‘Round Grove,’ and at his beautiful home south of Westfield. In common with many of his neighbors, Dr. Briscoe found that oil existed on his land, and so impressed was he with its value that he aided In the organization of a company for its development in 1865. Oil was found on almost all the property he left, and on the old homestead of eighty acres there are twelve wells, each well producing on an average twenty-five barrels of oil a day. There are 940 acres in the Round Grove property.

Although so benevolently inclined as to spend large sums in aiding others, Dr. Briscoe accumulated a large amount of property, but the greatest fortunes he has left to his family is the invaluable heritage of his irreproachable character. He was temperate, industrious, honest and reliable, and careful and prompt in all business transactions. He always kept his word, and was true to everyone. In this way be inspired public confidence, and opened the way to future prosperity. These things are spoken of more particularly for the benefit of the young, who are so liable to succumb to discouragements in early life. Most of our great men have commenced life in an humble way and were obliged to encounter and over come many difficulties.

In 1850 when twenty-five years of age, he was united in marriage to Miss Rosanna L. Keller, near New Albany, Md. Soon after they came to Westfield Township, and located near the homestead farm known as the old Briscoe place, which is still in the family, a memento of the parents who died when. the subject of this sketch, their tenth child, was eleven years old. Success followed his efforts, patronage increased and prosperity came. Several of his business associates of those days survive him and they can testify to the Integrity that distinguished him in youth and age. He never indulged in speculation, but dealt exclusively in his legitimate trade. Step by step, he ascended the ladder of wealth, working his way up by hard labor and practice of sterling business qualities, and no one admired honesty in others, or detested fraud, dishonesty or deception more than he did. His rectitude in business was unquestioned. His friendship when secured, never failed. He was always ready to help the deserving, and lend his assistance to the honest laborer. His knowledge of human nature was so acute it seemed like an Intuition. A kind heart beat in his bosom, filled with generous motives. He was especially fond of children, and they loved him in return. Hundreds now grown to mature years knew him always as “Uncle Doctor.” Among a great number who mourn his death, there are many who add benefactor to friend in their tributes. Many who will say ‘I was sick and poor but Dr. Briscoe visited me, waited on me day and night and charged no bill.’ Others who will say ‘All that I am now or ever shall be, I owe, under God, to Dr. Briscoe.’ I was penniless, friendless and discouraged, but he gave me wise council and made me understand that honest labor was honorable, and that character, not money, made the man.

It was the writer’s fortune to know Dr. Briscoe since boyhood. In latter years the acquaintance ripened into warm friendship and close Intimacy. In personal appearance he was a man of fine and distinguished presence, one to be noticed among the multitude, and to be remembered by those who had the pleasure of making his acquaintance, as a gentleman possessing the most pleasing social qualities, and marked intellectual ability. Wherever he went he left a favorable and lasting Impression. He was known and admired by cultured and prominent people in many States, and he often entertained such persons at his home. But his charming hospitality was not reserved for those favored by fame or fortune. The most humble ‘worthy being received his kindly attention, and the best his board afforded. Dr. Briscoe was a kind and indulgent husband and father. His daughters, the Misses Ada and Hettie, survive him. Zenie, another daughter, died March 9, 1894, and the following May would have been forty years old. Two of the six children in the family died in infancy, and a son, Heber Rexford, died at the age of thirteen years. Mrs. Briscoe was a remarkable help to her husband, and was a woman of more than average mental and spiritual endowments. The fourth oldest of the seven children of Daniel and Zerniah (Starr) Keller, natives of Virginia, she was educated in the public schools, and was well read in medicine, often calling on the sick when her husband was otherwise engaged. When it is known that he often slept on his horse, being overcome by the incessant demand for his services throughout the county, it is not surprising that his faithful wife should wish to share his responsibilities, and often should saddle a horse and start upon her errands of mercy at all times of the day and night. The Doctor’s fondest hopes were centered in his children, and he gave them the educational advantages afforded by the convent school ‘St Mary’s of the Woods,’ in Indiana. His last winter was spent mostly in Battle Creek, Mich., under the care of skilled physicians, but the treatment failed to accomplish the restoration which his shattered system needed. His constitution had been slowly undermined by chronic difficulties, and weak as it was, could offer but a feeble resistance to the terrible disease of Ia grippe, which lent its aid to their deadly work.

Dr. Briscoe was liberal in his religious views and very tolerant. He had confidence in the mercy and fatherhood of God. He dreamed of a better world beyond the river of death. Those favored with his friendship always found him social and genial. His fund of information was large, and he fully understood and conversed eloquently on all important questions, rendering him a delightful and entertaining companion. He had read much, reflected, reasoned and deduced. All through life he was a stanch Democrat of the old Jefferson type. However, he was always ready to give others their privileges, and was honored and respected by all political parties. He has passed to the vast and impenetrable unknown, the mystery of mysteries. Ripe in years, honored and loved by his family and friends. His life is a proud example for young men to imitate, and his early struggles and successes will teach them not to be discouraged. He was a noble pattern of the true American, a self-made, honest man.

BRIGGS, Horatio L.—The honored farmer and citizen of Johnson Township, Clark County, whose name heads this sketch, was born in Covington, Ind., on the 5th of August, 1834, and died in that section of the county February 22, 1890. He was the son of David and Nancy Briggs, his father being a native of Virginia who was also enrolled in the sturdy ranks of the American yeomanry, in the United States, as in all other parts of the world, at the basis of the substantial national prosperity and the solid national character. Mr. Briggs' parents, who were of German descent, migrated from Virginia to Indiana about 1800, and became pioneer farmers of that State and identified with its early agricultural progress.

Horatio L. Briggs obtained only a limited education in the district schools of his home neighborhood, and continued to farm near the old Indiana homestead until 1882, when he located on a tract of land near Casey, Clark County, where he remained for three years. His next change of location was to Johnson Township, where he resided and continued to engage in agricultural labors until the time of his death five years later. In fact, Mr. Briggs was a life-long farmer with the exception of about five years when he worked at the cooper's trade, and while residing in Johnson Township was called upon for several years to perform the duties of Justice of the Peace. He was a Democrat, although not an active partisan, and from his youth was a member of the Missionary Baptist Church.

Horatio L. Briggs was married in Coles County, Ill., on June 11, 1857, to Sarah A. Doty, born in the county named July 19, 1839, her father being a native of Kentucky and her mother, of Tennessee. The family was of German birth and well connected. Five children born to Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Briggs were as follows: Charles M. Briggs, August 13, 1858, married and a resident of Clark County; George T., July 22, 1860, also married and living in this county; William R., born June 14, 1862, and died August 20, 1867; James M., born September 6, 1864, and died August 29, 1889; Sevilda E., born September 2, 1870, and died August 29, 1889. The honored wife and widow is still living, and is the owner of thirty eight acres of land in the oil district which she has leased on profitable terms.

BRISCOE, William T., M. D.—The life of Dr. William T. Briscoe was raised to observance upon the qualities which sink deep into the foundations of communities, and which sustain, with the inevitability of truth itself, the best mental, moral and material standards of the human race. The ancestral and immediate history of Dr. Briscoe is dealt with on another page of this work, and here it is sufficient to state that his father, Henry Briscoe, a native of Kentucky, was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, and was present at the surrender of Cornwallis, at Yorktown. He survived his emigration from Kentucky to Illinois only about one year, but the death of his wife, formerly Catherine Brookhart, occurred shortly after the building of the log cabin in which was enacted, with its settings of privation and loneliness, the frontier experience of a family which expressed the best in character and influence among the arrivals of 1835. In this chronicle of a noble and well beloved citizen, it seems eminently fitting that preference should be given the impression of one who knew him long and intimately, and who, in addition to a fine reading of his friend's character, has expressed himself with sincerity and great moderation:

"Dr. William T. Briscoe, one of Clark County's pioneers, was born in Jefferson County, Ky., January 27, 1825, and died at his home near Westfield, Ill., May 1, 1891. When he was ten years of age he emigrated with his parents to Clark County, Ill., where he has since lived. Early in life he manifested great prudence, industry and the strong business characteristics that made him so successful in after years. Having saved sufficient money to pay his expenses, he attended the academy under the charge of Mr. Dean Andrews, at Marshall, Ill., and later became a pupil in the school taught by the Rev. H. J. Venerable, at Paris, Ill. His professional education was gained at the Rush Medical College, Chicago. He was admitted to practice medicine in 1849, and continued in active practice until 1870, when he was elected to the Legislature, which position he honorably and ably filled. Since then he has chiefly engaged in agricultural pursuits at his well known farms, 'Round Grove,' and at his beautiful home south of Westfield. In common with many of his neighbors, Dr. Briscoe found that oil existed on his land, and so impressed was he with its value that he aided in the organization of a company for its development in 1865. Oil was found on almost all the property he left, and on the old homestead of eighty acres there are twelve wells, each well producing on an average twenty-five barrels of oil a day. There are 940 acres in the Round Grove property.

"Although so benevolently inclined as to spend large sums in aiding others, Dr. Briscoe accumulated a large amount of property, but the greatest fortunes he has left to his family is the invaluable heritage of his irreproachable character. He was temperate, industrious, honest and reliable, and careful and prompt in all business transactions. He always kept his word, and was true to everyone. In this way he inspired public confidence, and opened the way to future prosperity. These things are spoken of more particularly for the benefit of the young, who are so liable to succumb to discouragements in early life. Most of our great men have commenced life in an humble way and were obliged to encounter and overcome many difficulties.

"In 1850, when twenty-five years of age, he was united in marriage to Miss Rosanna L. Keller, near New Albany, Ind. Soon after they came to Westfield Township, and located near the homestead farm known as the old Briscoe place, which is still in the family, a memento of the parents who died when the subject of this sketch, their tenth child, was eleven years old. Success followed his efforts, patronage increased and prosperity came. Several of his business associates of those days survive him and they can testify to the integrity that distinguished him in youth and age. He never indulged in speculation, but dealt exclusively in his legitimate trade. Step by step, he ascended the ladder of wealth, working his way up by hard labor and practice of sterling business qualities, and no one admired honesty in others, or detested fraud, dishonesty or deception more than he did. His rectitude in business was unquestioned. His friendship when secured, never failed. He was always ready to help the deserving, and lend his assistance to the honest laborer. His knowledge of human nature was so acute it seemed like an intuition. A kind heart beat in his bosom, filled with generous motives. He was especially fond of children, and they loved him in return. Hundreds now grown to mature years knew him always as "Uncle Doctor." Among a great number who mourn his death, there are many who add benefactor to friend in their tributes. Many who will say 'I was sick and poor but Dr. Briscoe visited me, waited on me day and night and charged no bill.' Others who will say 'All that I am now or ever shall be, I owe, under God, to Dr. Briscoe.' I was penniless, friendless and discouraged, but he gave me wise council and made me understand that honest labor was honorable, and that character, not money, made the man.'

"It was the writer's fortune to know Dr. Briscoe since boyhood. In latter years the acquaintance ripened into warm friendship and close intimacy. In personal appearance he was a man of fine and distinguished presence, one to be noticed among the multitude, and to be remembered by those who had the pleasure of making his acquaintance, as a gentleman possessing the most pleasing social qualities, and marked intellectual ability. Wherever he went he left a favorable and lasting impression. He was known and admired by cultured and prominent people in many States, and he often entertained such persons at his home. But his charming hospitality was not reserved for those favored by fame or fortune. The most humble worthy being received his kindly attention, and the best his board afforded. Dr. Briscoe was a kind and indulgent husband and father. His daughters, the Misses Ada and Hettie, survive him. Zenie, another daughter, died March 9, 1894, and the following May would have been forty years old. Two of the six children in the family died in infancy, and a son, Heber Rexford, died at the age of thirteen years. Mrs. Briscoe was a remarkable help to her husband, and was a woman of more than average mental and spiritual endowments. The fourth oldest of the seven children of Daniel and Zerniah (Starr) Keller, natives of Virginia, she was educated in the public schools, and was well read in medicine, often calling on the sick when her husband was otherwise engaged. When it is known that he often slept on his horse, being overcome by the incessant demand for his services throughout the county, it is not surprising that his faithful wife should wish to share his responsibilities, and often should saddle a horse and start upon her errands of mercy at all times of the day and night. The Doctor's fondest hopes were centered in his children, and he gave them the educational advantages afforded by the convent school 'St Mary's of the Woods,' in Indiana. His last winter was spent mostly in Batile Creek, Mich., under the care of skilled physicians, but the treatment failed to accomplish the restoration which his shattered system needed. His constitution had been slowly undermined by chronic difficulties, and weak as it was, could offer but a feeble resistance to the terrible disease of la grippe, which lent its aid to their deadly work.

"Dr. Briscoe was liberal in his religious views and very tolerant. He had confidence in the mercy and fatherhood of God. He dreamed of a better world beyond the river of death. Those favored with his friendship always found him social and genial. His fund of information was large, and he fully understood and conversed eloquently on all important questions, rendering him a delightful and entertaining companion. He had read much, reflected, reasoned and deduced. All through life he was a stanch Democrat of the old Jefferson type. However, he was always ready to give others their privileges, and was honored and respected by all political parties. He has passed to the vast and impenetrable unknown, the mystery of mysteries. Ripe in years, honored and loved by his family and friends. His life is a proud example for young men to imitate, and his early struggles and successes will teach them not to be discouraged. He was a noble pattern of the true American, a self made, honest man."

BROWN, J. Frank.—J. F. Brown was a kindly, popular and a Christian citizen of Casey, whose memory as a man is warmly cherished by hundreds of residents of Clark County and whose career as a merchant and a druggist showed ability and the strictest rectitude. He was an especial lover of little children and was, in turn, beloved by them, and when a man is both tender and strong he is of the highest type; he is the true gentleman. These were the dominant traits in the character of J. F. Brown.

Mr. Brown was a Canadian of Stamford, born on the 15th of June, 1844, and died in Casey, Clark County, in November, 1895. He was the son of Thomas and Margaret J. (McDonough) Brown, his father being a native of Yorkshire, England, born December S, 1819, and his mother, of Rochester, N. Y., and her birthday December 29, 1829. The mother outlived the son whose sketch is here presented by eleven years, passing away May 6, 1906, at the age of seventy-seven years. The grandparents, John and Alice (Kell) Brown, were natives of England, descended from an old Scotch family, who emigrated to Canada at an early day, removed thence to Lockport, N. Y., in 1848, and there the grandfather died. The other members of the family came to Clark County in 1854, and first settled at Marshall. The maternal grandfather, Henry McDonough, was related to Commodore McDonough, and for several years served in the regular army of Great Britain as a band master.

J. Frank Brown was educated in the schools of Marshall until he was sixteen years of age, and then worked for a time in the office of the "Eastern Illinoisan," after which he moved to Westfield, this county, and for four years was employed on the farm of J. B. Briscoe. At the age of twenty, in 1864, he joined the quartermaster's department of the Federal army at Nashville, Tenn. At the conclusion of his duties in this connection he returned to Westfield, where for two years he acted acceptably as deputy postmaster. In 1876, after devoting six years to the drug business he sold his store and good will, and, owing to failing health, retired to a farm in Parkes Township, Clark County. Mr. Brown remained in that locality for about two years, and in 1878 came to Casey, where he remained until his death seventeen years later.

Mr. Brown's first occupation, after making Casey his home, was in connection with W. L. Laingor, and he continued in the mercantile business with Lee Wiley and H. B. Lee & Company. About 1886 he entered the drug business and was indentified with it for the remainder of his life. During fourteen years of his residence in Casey he served as Coroner of the county, and, notwithstanding his uncertain health, was a busy and very useful man. He was an active Democrat, a faithful and influential Methodist, and connected with both Masonry and the Knights of Pythias, being a charter member of the Casey lodge in the latter order. The deceased was a man of many strong and admirable characteristics, which, with intimacy, became more and more apparent. He had a smile and a kind and good word for all, and the result was that he readily made friends, held them firmly and dispensed a Christian cheer throughout his sadly shortened life.

J. Frank Brown was married in Parkes Township May 29, 1872, to Miss Sarah A. Lee, a native of Westfleld, born December 28, 1851, the fourth daughter of Andrew Lee, a well known, respected and wealthy citizen of Casey. The children born to their union were: Edith May, April 11, 1873; Rose Pearl, December 17, 1876, who married Clifford Vest January 28, 1898, resides in Edgar County and is the mother of Max Wayne Vest, born July 19, 1904; and Lee Andrew, the third child, who was born March 17, 1890.

BRUCE, Dr. W. W., the honored physician of Casey, is the oldest practitioner in continuous years now residing in Clark County. He is a native of the Keystone State, born at Indiana, Pennsylvania, on the 18t of January, 1844, and is the son of James H. and Margarette (Rankin) Bruce. His father, who was a farmer, was born in the same place, dying on the old farm to which he came when a boy of twelve years, and his wife, the mother of the Doctor, was also a native of Indiana County.

Dr. Bruce attended the public schools and the academy at Indiana, Pa., and early decided upon a medical career. His systematic professional education was obtained at the well known Jefferson Medical College, of Philadelphia, from which he was graduated in 1866. After practicing one year in Virginia, he came to Illinois in 1867, and settled permanently in Casey in 186S. For a period of nearly forty years, therefore, he has labored among its people bringing his wholesome cheer and wisdom into hundreds of sick rooms, doing all within human power to establish health, or, if the disease was mortal, to smooth the path of the sufferer to the great beyond. In this profession which comes, next to the ministry, closest to the soul of mankind, he is a most honored figure, both for his skill as a practitioner and his warm and enduring qualities as a man; he has given it his entire being of body, mind and soul, and has his reward.

On January 1, 1873, Dr. Bruce was married to Sarah E. Guthrie, who is a native of Anderson, Ind., daughter of William M. and Margaret (Schroyer) Guthrie, both of her parents being deceased. In politics the Doctor is a Republican and in religion a Presbyterian. He has never sought office of any kind, but is deeply interested in Masonry, belonging to the Chapter No. 70 at Marshall, and Palestine Commandery, No. 27, at Paris, Ill., and for sixteen years has been Master of Casey Blue Lodge. He is also prominently identified with the Knights of Pythias.

BRYDON, James Isham.—The stable and fundamental occupations of farming, school-teaching, journalism and banking successively have contributed to the experiences of James Isham Brydon, Cashier, and one of the organizers, of the First National Bank at Martinsville. Mr. Brydon comes of the honest, industrious and dependable agricultural stock from which the toilers of the towns yearly are recruited, and he has pushed ahead unaided through the shoals which beset the vigorous and aspiring. Born December 17, 1860, in McLean County, Kentucky, he is a son of Benjamin F. and Emily A. (Oldham) Brydon, natives also of Kentucky. In 1871 the family moved to Hamilton County, III., where James Isham, then ten years of age, continued the public school education begun in his native State.

Beginning with his nineteenth year, Mr. Brydon left the responsibilities of the farm behind him and engaged in school teaching in Posey County, Ind., for seven years. As on the farm, he developed tastes and resources not required in his immediate work, and a more satisfying outlet for which seemed the field of journalism. In 1887 he became editor and publisher of the Poseyville News, which flourished as a molder of public opinion under the same management four years, and then was sold. In 1890 Mr. Brydon bought the Martinsville Planet, which he sold in 1894, and the same year entered the Martinsville Exchange Bank as Assistant Cashier. In 1902 he established the bank at Annapolis. Crawford County, Ill., and the following year became the Cashier, and one of the organizers, of the First National Bank, at Martinsville.

In 1883 Mr. Brydon was united in marriage to Mary Elder, of Griffin, Ind., and of the union there is a son, Carroll. Mr. Brydon is a Democrat in politics, and for some time has been President of the Board of Education. In religion, he is a Baptist. He is a man of initiative, control and great force of character, having that knowledge of men and affairs which comes only through direct contact with the vigorous and many-sided world in which he moves. The esteem and confidence in which he is held is best indicated by the position which he holds with one of the reliable monetary institutions of Clark County.

BUCKNER, William C—Of remote German extraction, the Buckner family has been identified with the development of the new world from an early period and several generations of the name have lived and labored in Illinois. Of those who have borne the family name none was more honorable or more honored than the late William C. Buckner, whose brief but well-spent life was passed within the limits of Clark County and whose friends were as numerous as his acquaintance. The occupation of agriculture, which he followed, was one well adapted to his abilities and he proved himself to be an excellent judge of soil, grains and the other departments of his chosen calling. Solely by careful management and constant work he accumulated a sufficient amount to purchase a farm and in 1886 he bought eighty acres near Moriah, where he made his home until death called him from his useful labors.

Clark County was the native home of Mr. Buckner and March 15, 1860, the date of his birth, his parents being Enos and Jane (Canady) Buckner, natives of Illinois and influential farmers of this county. The homestead was situated near West York and there William passed the years of boyhood, but in 1878 he removed with his parents to Orange Township, where his mother died in August, 1882, and his father in March of 1892. Meanwhile he had been given such opportunities as the neighboring schools afforded and also had been trained to proficiency in farm work, so that he was qualified to take up the battle of life on an independent basis. Upon starting out for himself he was united in marriage, December 24, 1882, with Amerika A. Riffe, who was born in Clark County August 21, 1864, and received a fair education in the country schools. In a family of seven children she was next to the oldest, her parents being John t. and Sarah (Swope) Riffe, natives of Indiana, who about 1850 crossed the line into Illinois.

The family of William C. and Amerika A. Buckner there were three children. Sarah J., Emma E., and Allen R. The older daughter is the wife of N. Mills, who is engaged in farming in Jasper County, this State. The younger daughter married Luke Frederick Mills, a farmer living near Casey, Clark County. The son, Allen R., who was born in 1894, is now his mother's assistant in the management of their farm and is being educated in the local schools. A year after the death of Mr. Buckner occurred his widow sold the farm near Moriah and purchased a farm near Casey, in the oil district, where she since has made her home. The family hold membership in the Presbyterian Church, in the work of which Mr. Buckner continued to be deeply interested from boyhood until death. Missionary movements and religious enterprises of every kind received his cordial support and sympathetic co-operation, and his generosity was limited only by his means. Nor was his interest in the public schools less ardent than that in religion. As a Director in the country schools he labored earnestly to promote their interests and advance their usefulness. In politics he always supported the Republican party and at one time he held the office of Commissioner of Johnson Township, but with that exception he declined to become a candidate for official honors, and preferred to devote himself to the management and cultivation of his land.

BURK, Charles M.—During the opening year of the nineteenth century the Burk family crossed the ocean from Ireland to America and settled among the frontier environments of Ohio, where in 1811 a son was born to them whom they named Robert. When grown to man's estate this son in 1830 left the old home and followed the tide of emigration westward, settling in Indiana, where he married Matilda Jackman, a native of that state, born in 1814, of Irish and German descent. About the beginning of the nineteenth century her parents had crossed the ocean to America and soon afterward settled in Indiana. During the year 1843 Robert Burk came to Illinois for the first time and for a year he sojourned in what is now Johnson Township, Clark County, but at the expiration of that time he returned to the old friends in Indiana. His second trip to Illinois was made in 1856, at which time he settled in Clark County as a permanent resident. For almost thirty years he was spared to witness and assist in the upbuilding of this region, and when he died, April 18, 1885, it was felt that one of the most honored pioneers had been called from the scene of his usefulness.

During the residence of Robert and Matilda Burk in Franklin County, Indiana, their son, Charles M., was born August 17, 184S. When he was eight years of age he accompanied his parents to Illinois and for the eight ensuing years he remained with them, leaving home to take his place among the volunteer soldiers defending the old flag. March 21, 1864, he was enrolled as a private in Company G, One Hundred and Twenty-third Illinois Infantry, in which he served under Colonel Biggs, remaining in the army until after the expiration of the war and receiving an honorable discharge during September of 1865. On his return to the parental roof he continued to assist in the cultivation of the farm. At this writing he owns forty acres of fine land on section 5, Johnson township, and is now embarking in the oil industry, confident of securing a flow of oil from his well.

In his marriage Mr. Burk became connected with a pioneer family of Clark County. On Christmas eve of 1872 he married Miss Jane, daughter of James and Jane (McGeath) Brooks, and one of the popular young ladies of the locality. James Brooks was born at Carlisle, Sullivan County, Ind., May 28, 1823, and died in Clark County, Illinois, July 25, 1873. Jane McGeath was born in Clark County December 28, 1818, the year of the admission of Illinois to the Union as a State. The family to which she belonged descended from Irish ancestry and her parents were natives of Loudoun County, Virginia. Not only did she have the distinction of being the first white child born in Clark County, but also at the time of her death, which occurred July 19, 1906, she was the oldest native-born resident of this part of eastern Illinois. During her long life she witnessed the development of this region from an unbroken forest to a country of homes, schools, churches and every accessory of civilization. Among the younger people she was revered and honored, while to other pioneers her name was the synonym of energy, patience and industry. The family of Charles M. and Jane Burk comprises three children. The only daughter, Ella, was born November 16, 1873, and is now the wife of John Cornwell, of Casey. The older son, James, was born May 22, 1880, and married Miss Celia Akers, of Terre Haute, Indiana. The younger son, John, born March 6, 1885, married Josephine Price, of Casey.

As might be supposed of one whose life has been passed to a large extent within the limits of Clark County, Mr. Burk is familiar with the possibilities of the locality and has an excellent knowledge of soils, crops, improvements, and indeed of every detail connected with agriculture. Enthusiastic as to the possibilities of the oil industry, he believes that business has a large future in this district and that its development will result in increased land values and a larger prosperity for all the residents of the region. Though not active in politics, he has a thorough knowledge of our national problems and always has been staunch in his allegiance to the Republican party.

BURNER, Isaac Henry.—When Isaac H. Burner, the well known and honored pioneer farmer of Johnson Township, departed this life August 9, 1906, the community lost a stanch, industrious and useful citizen, and his family and many friends grieve over a death, which from the short-sighted standpoint of humanity seems untimely. The deceased was born in Licking County, Ohio, on the 24th of January, 1854, and therefore had barely passed middle age and entered a period of life which often yields the most valuable works and the richest fruits of character. He was the son of Newton and Sarah (Fallon) Burner, both natives of Ohio, who came west in 1861 and settled in this section of Clark County, their son Isaac being then but seven years of age. The boy was educated in the district schools of Johnson Township, worked on his father's farm with faithfulness and intelligence, and remained on the family homestead until his marriage.

Mr. Bruner's first wife (nee Ida Doolittle) was a native of Crawford County and died September 22, 1892, the mother of three children. The two sons—Earlie E. and Arthur Wilsonare both deceased, while one daughter, Sarah Wilson, is living. The last named was born October 21, 1888, in Johnson Township, and was educated in the district schools.

Mr. Burner's second wife and his present widow was Amanda Cruse, daughter of Zachariah and Rachel Cruse, this union occurring August 24, 1895. Mrs. Rachel C. Burner is a native of Vigo County, Ind.. the fourth child in a family of seven, her parents being married in Clark County, Ill., and died in Indiana. By this second union there was one child-Blanche May, born July 2, 1899.

The deceased was a Democrat, but had no ambition for office or public honors. He was content to do his modest part in the world to the utmost of his strength, and left an honorable name. He belonged to the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, Orange Township, and was buried in the cemetery near the church. He was also identified with the Modern Woodmen of America. Mrs. Burner is also identified with the work of the Cumberland Church and is a lady of standing and influence. At the time of his death Mr. Burner was the owner of his original purchase of forty acres, which constituted the family homestead and upon which most of his children were born. Although he had leased the land to prospectors no wells had been drilled; now, however, three fine wells are in operation, with an average flow of 250 barrels daily.

BURNSIDE, Lyman A., M. D.—At practically the outset of his professional career Dr. Lyman A. Burnside is possessed of such advantages as enthusiasm, sympathy, control, industry and public spiritedness. That these will carry him far towards his realization of success is not questioned by anyone who thus far has profited by his skill in diagnosis and treatment. His occupation is the result of natural selection, and is a frank admission that the time honored calling of agriculture, with which his forefathers on both sides of his family long have been connected, failed to satisfy his craving for a larger and more diversified usefulness.

The Burnside family came early to Clark County, and in Dolson Township, where the Doctor was born October 3, 1879, live still his parents, Charles F. and Eliza (Nicholson) Burnside, the former of whom was born in Ohio, and is of German descent, while the latter is a native of Indiana, and is of Scotch lineage. Lyman A. was reared to make himself useful around the home place, and he always had many tasks to perform both before and after school hours. For a year he attended the Central Normal School at Danville, Ind., and thereafter he taught school a year in the country, and then went to St. Louis, as a promising field of activity. After engaging in the real-estate business for a year, he came to Chicago and entered the College of Physicians & Surgeons, and upon graduating from the same in June, 1905, located the following September in Martinsville, his present home.

In 1901 Mr. Burnside was united in marriage to Anna M. Musselman, of Marshall, Ill., and of the union there are two children: Esther A. and Lyman K. Dr. Burnside is a member of the Clark County Medical Society the Illinois State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. He has an engaging personality, gives the impression of sincerity and good will, and is an earnest and intelligent follower of noble and humanitarian calling.

BURRIS, Morton (deceased).—Many years with their changing scenes and activities have come and then vanished into eternity since all that was mortal of Morton Burris was laid to rest not far from the scenes familiar to his brief but busy life. Yet with all the changes of environment, with all the improvements of recent years, with all the transformations wrought by modern inventions, with all the passing to and fro of people, there still remain a goodly number among the people of Clark County who cherish his memory and pay a fervent tribute to his honorable existence and kindly traits. From childhood he was known among the people of Johnson Township, for this was the place of his birth and the local schools gave him his education. Like many another farmer boy, he learned many lessons from woods and birds and running brooks; habits of close observation stood him in good stead, as did also a fondness for reading, by means of which he gained a knowledge much wider than that of the country school. Diligently and faithfully he toiled as a farmer, little reckoning that the discovery of oil and gas on his land would eventually enhance its value many fold and render possible the acquisition of a livelihood by less laborious methods than he had ever known. Death came to him ere these successes were reached, but his frugal life and wise judgment laid the foundation which eventually brought prosperity to his family.

Little is known concerning the ancestral lineage of Morton Burris, for his father, John, a native of Illinois, and mother, Elizabeth (Meise) Burris, a native of Tennessee, both died when their son was quite young, hence the records were not kept for following generations. For years the homestead was in Johnson Township, Clark County, and there occurred the birth of Morris Burrs, January 6, 1840. Early in life he began to be self-supporting, yet in spite of hard work on the farm he was successful in obtaining a country-school education. When the time came for him to select an occupation he drifted into that with which he was most familiar, agriculture, and always afterward remained a farmer. The farm which he left to his heirs is now worth ten times its original price, the increase in valuation being largely due to the discovery of oil and gas on the place.

The marriage of Mr. Burris took place October 16, 186d, and united him with Miss Jane Bennett, a refined and attractive member of an honored family. Her father, Joseph Bennett, was of German descent and was born in Pennsylvania in 1814; his death occurred December 20, 1894. Her mother bore the maiden name of Phoebe Geffs and was born in Virginia of Irish descent. Mrs. Burris was born in Clinton County, Ohio, January 30, 1845, and by her union with Mr. Burris became the mother of the following named children: Qeenby, born August 5, 1870; Walter, June 12, 1873; Joseph, June 11, 1877; Annie, July 12, 1883; and Lura, February 17, 1884. Annie is the wife of William Orndorff, a well known young farmer of Clark County. Prom an early age Mr. Burris was an adherent of the Democratic party. At no time in his life did he swerve from his allegiance to that political organization. However, he cared nothing for office for himself, nor did he ever display partisanship in an undue degree, yet his convictions were strong and were seldom changed when once formed. Many of the earlier movements looking toward the permanent development of the township received his warm and sympathetic support, and he was always relied upon to assist in philanthropic undertakings and local progressive enterprises.

CAMPBELL, John W.—The Wabash Township settlers of 1855 included none who have accomplished their rise from poverty to prosperity with greater earnestness and patience than has John W. Campbell, the owner of a farm of one hundred and twenty acres in Section 21. Mr. Campbell is one of the many native sons of Ohio who have made their way to Clark County, and he was born there in Coshocton County, May 4, 1836. At a very early period in its history his father, Addison Campbell, moved from Virginia to Ohio, taking with him few worldly assets, and depending solely upon his trade of carpentering, and his knowledge of agriculture. He was a good carpenter and a good farmer, and good fortune came his way to the extent of enabling him to establish a home of his own by marrying Lucie Ann Holmes, also a native of Virginia, but an early settler in Ohio. Of this union there were two sons and one daughter, of whom John W. is the oldest. His first wife dying during the middle '40s, Mr. Campbell married Jane Crown, a native of Ohio, and who became the mother of two sons and three daughters. His death occurred in Ohio after considerable success in his useful occupations.

John W. Campbell started about where his father did when face to face with the responsibility of self-support. He was about nineteen when he came to Clark County in 1855, and he took up one hundred and twenty acres of wild land, which he tilled and set. to produce and converted into one of the best farms in Wabash Township. He married, in Clark County, Mary Ellen McFarland, who was born in Ohio, a daughter of Robert McFarland, long identified with Wabash Township, and now deceased. Twelve children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Campbell, eight sons and four daughters, of whom four are deceased. Mr. Campbell has given his children a common school education, and all have been fitted, to the best ability of their parents, for useful and practical positions in life. In political preference Mr. Campbell is a Democrat, and though not an office seeker, has stanchly held for honest local government and excellent school advantages. The family are members of the Methodist Church.

CARR, Claborn A.—In the late Claborn Anderson Carr, the well known tile manufacturer of Casey, the community recognized a man of great natural force and high character. He possessed decided mechanical talents, as well as fine business ability, was successful in his private undertakings and yet public-spirited and endowed with strict moral and religious qualities. Whether considered as a family man, a private citizen or a public character of influence and standing, his record was unimpeachable, and his loss created a void in the community which can never be exactly filled.

Claborn A. Carr was a native of Clay County, Ind., born April 30, 1830, the son of John and Sarah (Comber) Carr. His parents were both natives of the Hoosier State, whose natal year was about 1800, and they were raised and educated in Indiana. The father was a man of honor and prominence, and died in 1865, a few months after his removal to Coles County, Ill. The son, Claborn, was reared on his father's Indiana farm, where he was hardened into stalwart manhood by the usual labors which fell to the lot of a faithful farmer's son. Although an eager reader and especially interested in historical and Biblical research, his circumstances barred his advance beyond the limits of the district school, but notwithstanding that he never attended college he became a remarkably well informed man, and many who were familiar with the inside of university walls were not able to talk with greater intelligence or precision than he, while in the branches noted above many a professor might listen to him with profit.

After his marriage in 1853 Mr. Carr removed to Casey and for several years was employed as an engineer at the Baughman Mills. About 1871 he established some small tile works, whose capacity was increased with the growth of his business, which became profitable and an industrial feature of the locality. Both his ability and honesty were bringing him a good competency when his sudden end came to shock and grieve his kindred and numerous friends. While making some repairs on a new kiln the supports gave way and the structure collapsed, killing Mr. Carr and two of his employes, on the 7th of May, 1893.

At the time of this sad casualty the deceased was among the most prominent and respected citizens of his section of the county. He had long been a local leader of the Democracy, having ably served as Alderman, Assessor and otherwise officially, and he had been for many years a pillar of the Presbyterian Church—an Elder, Superintendent of the Sunday-school and a liberal supporter to the cause, both in services and donations. He was also a progressive Mason and Odd Fellow, and honored for his goodness of heart and charities to the deserving. Claborn A. Carr was married to Eliza Jane Steward, at Martinsville, Ind., February 13, 1853, his wife being a native of Knox County, Ky., whose parents died when she was quite a young girl. They became the parents of seven children—Ella, Mary C, Rebecca, Jo, Elizabeth, Jefferson, who died February 7, 1876, at the age of twelve years, and John.

CASTEEL, Harry G.—Because of the nature of its commodities, and the courtesy and business sagacity of the men directing its affairs, the enterprise of Archer & Casteel, dealers in carriages, wagons and farming implements, is one of the best known and most dependable in Marshall and vicinity. This concern was established in 1902, and the firm carry a large line of vehicles and implements, supplying a growing demand for the latter among the farmers of a large country area.

Harry G. Casteel, junior member of the firm. is one of the young and energetic business men of Marshall, and represents one of the early and honored families of Clark County, where he was born June 27, 1872. His father, S. Casteel, a farmer by occupation, was born in Zanesville, Ohio, February 2, 1838, and came to Clark county fifty-three years ago. He was a single man at that time, with few worldly possessions, but he soon got a start in life, and married Annie E. Lockard, a native of Clark County, and born January 29, 1840. Besides Harry G., there were two sons and four daughters in the family: John W., Robert, Mrs. Lulu Saugers, Mrs. John W. Lewis, Mrs. Kate Handy and Nellie.

Previous to embarking upon his present business, Mr. Casteel lived on a farm in Edgar County four years, and in fact spent his entire youth in either learning or practicing the science of agriculture. The information thus acquired is of incalculable use to him in his present venture. He was educated in the public schools, and is a young man of inquiring mind and appreciation of the fine and worth-while things of life. July 24, 1895, he married Delia Riley, daughter of a prominent Clark County farmer, and of the union there is a daughter, Naomi, horn March 31, 1901. Mr. Casteel is a Republican in politics, and in religion is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Though socially inclined, and a man of genial and likable manner, he is not identified with fraternal organizations.

CLARK, Thomas W.—An example of clean, interest-compelling and high-minded journalism is found in the "Marshall Republican," successor to the "Clark County Acorn," at one time a Populist organ, but since November, 1897, owned and published as a Republican paper by Thomas W. Clark. The hard school of practical experience has removed Mr. Clark a long way from the merely theoretical newspaper man. He has seen many sides of life, and rubbed up against many of its sharp corners. Of occupations he has known many, and of mankind he has made an exhaustive study.

Mr. Clark was born in an humble environment in Highland County, Ohio, July 16, 1846, and in the same State and county were born his parents, John and Sarah E. (Dunlap) Clark, the former in Marshall and the latter in Greenfield. John Clark, a shoemaker by trade, brought Ms family to Marshall, Ill., in 1852, and in 1859 removed to Livingston, Clark County, Ill., where he plied his trade until 1896. His death occurred in Marshall in 1899, his wife having predeceased him in 1892. Mr. Clark dignified his calling with thoroughness and conscientiousness, and he therefore was successful. He was a man of character, ideas and varied capacity. At first a Whig, he later became a Republican, and he served as Postmaster of Livingston from 1860 to 1892. In early life he was an Odd Fellow, but he afterward became a Mason, his son, Thomas W., being of those who conferred the degrees upon him. For several years he was Treasurer of the local lodge. In religion he was a Methodist, and for more than thirty years was a deacon in the church.

Widely contrasting experiences shaped the youth of Thomas W. Clark. At the age of thirteen he was working at the shoemaker's bench, and his evolution from this elementary occupation to that for which he is best fitted, and which therefore represents his largest sphere of usefulness, is an interesting one. Scientists declare that the higher or more intellectual walks of life are more largely recruited from the shoemaker's bench than from the ranks of any other tradesmen. The explanation is offered that the cobbler, in bending over his work, sends the blood to and nourishes the frontal or intellectual center of the brain. The first vista that opened to the youthful shoemaker was the Civil War, In which, at the age of sixteen, in July, 1862. he enlisted in Company H, Seventieth Illinois Infantry. He was mustered in at Springfield, and mustered out in October, 1862, at Alton, Ill. Re-enlisting in July, 1863, in Company H, One Hundred and Fifteenth Indiana Infantry, he accompanied General Burnside on the Knoxville campaign, his term of service expiring in February, 1864. In February, 1864, he again enlisted in the service as a member of Battery H, First Indiana Heavy Artillery, and with the Department of the Gulf, with headquarters at New Orleans, participated in the battles of Fort Morgan, Fort Gaines, Spanish Fort, Blakely and Mobile, and was mustered out at Baton Rouge, in January, 1866.

The war over, Mr. Clark followed his trade for a short time, and then engaged in the grocery business in Livingston for ten years. He came to Marshall in 1876 and became agent for the American, Adams and Pacific Express Companies until purchasing the Clark County Acorn in 1897. He also is engaged in the real estate business. Mr. Clark is a Republican in politics, and has served as Mayor of Marshall two terms. Fraternally he is connected with Lodge No. 133, A. F. and A. M. and Chapter No. 70, R. A. M. He is Commander of the W. B. Archer Post, No. 119, G. A. R.

The marriage of Mr. Clark and Sarah Jane Ball occurred January 17, 1872, at Livingston, Ill. Mrs. Clark was born near Columbus, Ohio, and is a daughter of Daniel Morgan and Elizabeth (Leach) Ball, natives of Zanesville, Ohio. The Ball family settled in Livingston in 1870, and before retiring from active life Mr. Ball engaged in both farming and merchandising. His wife died February 10, 1903. She was the mother of one son and three daughters. Mr. and Mrs. Clark are the parents of eight children: Robert H., who married Ella J. Hutchinson, of Chicago; Lillian M., who died in October, 1906; Ernest L., a resident of Marshall: Stella B., who died in infancy; Thomas W. F., who married Ethel Abbey Creal, and lives in Terre Haute, Ind.; Ruth G., who was born the day President Grant died, and who lives with her parents: Harriet Eloise, who lives at home; and Ralph A., who is Assistant Editor of the Clark County Acorn.

CLAYTON, Edward S—One of the hard-working, reliable, independent and successful members of the journalistic fraternity, Edward S. Clayton, editor and proprietor of the "Martinsville Planet," is native to Illinois soil, being born in Shelby County, October 24, 1860. His parents are Sylvester and Salina (Trosper) Clayton, his father being born in Ohio and his mother in Illinois. The son is of democratic training, since he was reared on a farm and educated in the common schools of his neighborhood. He remained at home until his marriage at the age of twenty-five years, when he settled on a farm in Douglas County, Ill., which he conducted for two years prior to engaging in the printing business.

Mr. Clayton's first venture in the latter line was as proprietor of a job printing office at Arthur, Ill., but he soon afterward removed to Atwood, that State, where he continued the business for about three years, in the meantime (July, 1887), establishing the "Atwood Herald." In 1890 he disposed of his plant and business, and during the succeeding eight years engaged in farming in Douglas and Coles Counties, Ill. Having purchased the "Planet," of Martinsville, he became a resident and an important factor of the town in February, 1898. His job business is an important industrial feature of Martinsville, and the paper itself is an independent journal which is a credit to the community and does much in the advancement of its best interests. Personally, Mr. Clayton leans toward Republicanism.

In 1884 Edward S. Clayton was united in marriage with Alice E. Smith, and they have become the parents of Sylvester and May. He is a Modern Woodman of America, and in religion, a Methodist.

COMSTOCK, William Riley.—With the exception of the signs of human habitation wrought by three white settlers within its borders, Westfield Township in 1829 retained its primeval simplicity of appearance, having Indian trails instead of roads, wild game instead of domesticated animals, and no architecture save that devised by the cabin dweller in the extremity of his need. The following year several wagons came creaking over the prairies from the East, loaded with household necessities and manned by the stalwart souls whose mission was the redemption of the wilderness, One of these homeseekers was William Com stock, who, after a careful survey of his surroundings, drew rein and unloaded his sessions on the northeast corner of the township. He was a native of Kentucky, and was accompanied by his wife, who formerly was Martha Hollingsworth, of South Carolina. Mr. Comstock went to Indiana in early life, where it is probable that he married, and from where he came to Illinois. He was equal to the task he had set himself, and the farm which witnessed his hard and persistent early struggles was destined to remain in the family until a new century had set its seal upon history. William Riley Comstock, the youngest of his five sons, was born upon this farm June 29, 1839, and is the sole survivor of this honored pioneer family.

William Riley Comstock drew whatever advantages he .hail from the rude and unsettled community in which his youth was cast. He attended the district schools of Westfield Township, but his education was limited in the extreme, and his general information was gained principally while stretching himself in front of the glowing logs of the fireplace winter evenings, and reading and rereading the few standard works brought by his father from the East. He had a lovable, confidence-inspiring nature, and he grew into a lovable man. The idea of a home taker to share his fortunes occurred to him early, and in 1860 he was united in marriage to Nancy J. Lee, who died within a year. On July 16, 1863, he was united in marriage with Mary C. Dawson, with whom he lived for nearly forty years, or until his death, August 27, 1902. Rev. Colman Dawson, father of Mrs. Comstock, was a Baptist minister in Westfield Township, who, with his wife, formerly Christina Drake, daughter of Benjamin Drake, is deceased. Mr. Comstock never moved from the old homestead, and never sought outside interests. His wife left the old place in the fall of 1902, settling in her present home in Westfield, although she still owns the farm of one hundred and sixty-two acres and a half five miles northeast of Westfield.

Mr. Comstock was an intelligent voter, hut never bound himself to the tenets of any one party. September 17, 1876, he united with the Baptist Church, and his wife soon after became a communicant of the same denomination. He was a generous donator to worthy causes, and kind always to those less fortunate than himself, but his farm was his life work, his comfortable home his castle, and the visits of friends his delight. Having no children, this couple were all in all to each other, and the harsh word, or momentous misunderstanding, never invaded the peace and harmony of their days.

CONNELLY, Everett.—In no occupation which awaits the striving of mankind is the advantage of congeniality and natural ability more emphatic than in the profession of law. Especially is this true when, as in the law, the material compensations are rarely, if ever, commensurate with the services given. The honest practitioner must, therefore, rely upon those satisfactions which appeal to the intellect and heart, or in large degree must trust to the opportunities of politics and general business for which his training makes ample provision. To the higher understanding of his calling one must ascribe the success of Everett Connelly, who became Judge of Clark County at an earlier age than has any other incumbent of that office in the State, and who, probably, has few superiors in those essentials of equipment upon which is based predictions of permanent and worth-while renown. The early life of Mr. Connelly was spent on the farm in Parker Township, Clark County, Ill., where he was born September 8, 1877. The same county and township witnessed the birth of his father, George S. Connelly, March 6, 1849, while his mother, formerly Catherine Rogers, was born in Marshall, this county, October 22, 1858. The father was of Irish, and the mother of Scotch-Irish descent. Until the campaign of 1896 George S. Connelly was a stanch Democrat, but he afterward as steadfastly espoused the Republican cause until his death, August 30, 1906. In religion he was a Universalist, while his wife, who died September 30, 1901, was a Cumberland Presbyterian. The early tendency of Everett Connelly was away from the farm and out into the world of more strenuous activity. He believes so firmly in himself that the gravest obstacles seemed but temporary obstructions, to be overcome by the force of his will and purpose. He refused to let the deadly monotony or grinding routine of farming stifle his craving for knowledge, and utilized every moment of leisure for the widening of his mental horizon. While still on the farm he read many high-grade literary and historical works, and at the age of sixteen was deeply absorbed in politics, the science of which has for its object the regulation of man in his relations to the State. When two years of age his parents moved from Parker to Orange Township, and in 1888 settled on a farm a mile north of Casey. In the fall of 1894 Mr. Connelly entered the Casey high school, and in May, 1897, graduated therefrom as valedictorian of his class. Upon the advice of A. C. Garrison and other influential friends he began the study of law, and entered the law department of the University of Michigan in the fall of 1897. Graduating from that institution in June, 1900, he was admitted to practice at the bar of Illinois in October, the same year, and the following December located in Marshall, which since has been his home.

Although the scion of one of the strongest Democratic families in Clark County, Mr. Connelly has been a Republican since old enough to form opinions of his own, and he first took the stump in defense of his party in the campaign of 1896. He proved a forceful and convincing speaker, and especially at home when driving home his opinions in favor of some deserving candidate. In the campaigns of 1900 and 1904 he not only duplicated but added to his former influence. Appointed by Governor Yates to fill the unexpired term of J. C. Perdue, County Judge, January 13, 1902, Mr. Connelly the following fall was duly elected to the office, receiving in a strong Democratic community a Republican majority of three hundred and sixty votes. He retired from the County Judgeship the first Monday in December, 1906. The administration of Judge Connelly was characterized by an almost literal interpretation of the law, and by a rigorous and somewhat severe attitude toward offenders. He was especially uncompromising in enforcing laws governing the sale of intoxicants, and in this connection imposed some of the highest fines and required some of the highest bonds of any Judge in the State of Illinois. He was above favoritism and beyond the control of outside influences, and won a reputation which will commend him in future to the highest honors within the gift of the people of the State.

The marriage of Mr. Connelly and Nellie Lake, of Marshall, occurred February 11, 1906. Mrs. Connelly represents one of the earliest and most highly honored families of Clark County. Mr. Connelly is fraternally connected with the Court of Honor, having joined the same in December, 1901. In religion he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Marshall. He is a man of strong personality and substantial traits of character, and led by rugged and practical ideals, is destined to fare far afield in quest of the noblest compensations of labor.

CONNELLY, Richard M.—When Richard M. Connelly left the scene of his earnest and successful labors in Clark County, February 13, 1905, he took with him into the unknown the regret of a devoted family and the good will of all who had ever known him. An enterprising and honorable man, he made the best of the opportunities by which he was surrounded, and though his later years were overshadowed by the adversity of ill health, he was enough of a philosopher to bear this, as well as the successes of his life, with dignity and moderation.

Mr. Connelly was born on a farm in Parker Township, Clark County, April 6, 1847, and is a son of Josiah and Sallie (Dickson) Connelly, Clark County pioneers of 1832, and both of whom died in Parker Township, the former in 1870 and the latter in 1875. In youth Mr. Connelly displayed great energy and foresight, and was painstakingly studious while attending the district schools. He has his dreams of easier roads to wealth than following the plow and harvesting grain in the heat of an August sun, and in 1864 made an overland trip to Montana with a team and wagon, intending to work in the mines or engage in cattle raising on a large scale. The country, however, was not to his liking, so he returned to Clark County with a large appreciation of its advantages, and content to await the slow rewards of the seasons. April 18, 1883, he married Sarah J. Black, daughter of Jackson and Rebecca (Gray) Black, natives of Ohio, and of German descent. Thomas Black, grandfather of Jackson, came from Germany in 1790, settling first in Virginia, and later moving to Ohio, where he owned a large tract of land, and engaged in farming on an extensive scale.

With scarcely any business education, Richard M. Connelly made a fine success of farming, raising large numbers of blooded horses, cattle, sheep, hogs and eventually succeeding to 390 acres of land. He knew how to make a pleasant home and to utilize his land to the best advantage, and it was generally conceded that he was one of the scientific and thorough agriculturists of Parker Township. When his health began to fail he traveled quite extensively, hoping much from a change of climate and surroundings, and even returned to Montana and worked in the mines which he had visited in the '60s. He was a Democrat in politics, and fraternally was connected with the Masons. Mr. and Mrs. Connelly were the parents of four children: Argenta, born August 21, 1888; Cleveland, born September 9, 1889; Lyman S., born May 12, 1891; and Goldie M., born January 7, 1898.

CONNELLY, William Morgan.—The Illinois cabin builders of 1832 included Josiah Connelly, who, as his name implies, was of Irish descent, and who laid the foundations of a family which ever since has contributed to the upbuilding of the agricultural prestige of Clark County. Josiah prospered financially and generally, and left as one of many legacies the children who bear his name and maintain his reputation for honesty, industry and many sided worth. Of these children, William Morgan has been one of the most successful. He was born in Lawrence County, Ind., February 7, 1822, and therefore was about ten years old when he accompanied the rest of the family to Clark County in 1832. Though of tender years, he proved a useful factor in clearing the new land, and he grew with its growth, and developed with its increasing capacity for production. His advantages were meagre indeed, and limited to a few months of schooling during the winter season, and he was obliged to walk a long distance in the biting cold of the prairies to a little log schoolhouse, and return over the same dreary stretch when the shadows began to lenghten in the late afternoon. Many tasks awaited him at the end of his educational journey, but he performed them cheerfully, and went to sleep at night with that complete exhaustion which induces sound sleep and as sound digestion.

Mr. Connelly established a home of his own July 1, 1840, marrying Nancy Robinson, a native of Illinois, and who, with her infant, died June 15, 1852. February 5, 1854, Mr. Connelly married Lydia Hammond, a native of Vermont, and born August 22, 1834. Mrs. Connelly, who survives her husband, is a daughter of Alanson and Sallie (Tarble) Hammond, of English descent, and born also in Vermont. To Mr. and Mrs. Connelly were born six children, one of whom died in infancy. Of those living, Amanda was born December S, 1854; Lilly was born December 22, 1858; Josiah was born November 9, 1860; Alanson was born January 20, 1863; and Francis was born October 6, 1870. Mrs. Connelly now is seventy-three years old, but her heart is young and her vigor but little impaired. She is a charitable and lovable woman, attending to her business affairs with rare good judgment, and very generous in her aid of those to whom life seems a hard and dreary undertaking.

That Mr. Connelly was more than usually successful is proved by his large accumulation of land, which at one time aggregated over a 1,000 acres. This he gained without outside help, and much of it he disposed of previous to his death. For many years he was active in local Democratic politics, was a member of the Board of Education, and served three terms as Justice of the Peace. He was inclined to sociability, liked to gather around him cheerful people, and was a devoted member of the Masonic fraternity. Honest, industrious, frugal and progressive, he inspired respect and consideration for the profession of farming, rearing his sons to follow the same pursuit, and his daughters to become the wives of farmers. His expectations in this respect have been realized, and thus his progeny occupy many farms in this fertile and productive section of Illinois.

COOK, Melvin L.—Melvin L. Cook, for fourteen years a successful traveling salesman for Holman & Company, of Terre Haute, Ind., and previously well known as a business man of Casey, is a native of Chautauqua County, N. Y., where his life commenced July 22, 1842. His parents were John W. and Lodica (Drake) Cook, both natives of New York, his father dying in Colorado nd his mother in California. They came to Illinois in 1848, and for four years the father engaged in farming in Cumberland County, removing then to the town of Cumberland, where until 1876 he conducted a nursery business. His next change of location was to Colorado, where he died October 28, 1888.

Melvin obtained his education in the district schools of Clark County, worked six years in a printing office at Vandalia, and then enlisted for service in the Union Army, joining Company G, Fifty-fourth Illinois Volunteer Infantry. This honorable record covered four long years, a portion of the time as Sergeant of his company, and after the war farmed for four years in Casey Township.

On the sixth of June, 1872, Mr. Cook was united in marriage to Miss Eliza C. Lang, daughter of John J. Lang, one of the oldest pioneers of this section of the county. As far back as the Presidency of Andrew Jackson he entered land where the town of Casey now stands, and, after keeping a hotel there for forty years died March 15, 1882. After his marriage Mr. Cook engaged in both the lines of business followed so long by his father and his fatherin-law, being a nurseryman for three years and a hotel keeper for six. He was then identified with mercantile pursuits for four years, and in 1893 went on the road for Holman & Company, of Terre Haute, a position which his wide acquaintance, popularity and substantial business qualifications enable him to fill with credit to himself and profit to the house. He covers a large territory surrounding Casey, and, in the interest of the firm, drives fully 400 miles each week, his employment being both strenuous and healthful.

Only one child has been born to Mr. and Mrs. Cook, and to the deep grief of both he was taken away from them at the interesting age of two years. They own a beautiful new home in Casey, where Mr. Cook holds considerable other real estate, among his holdings being the Golden Rule Business Block, corner of Main Street and Jasper Avenue. He built the first brick business structure in Casey, pulling up the corn stalks and digging the trenches himself for its foundation, and hauling the brick from a point fourteen miles distant. Mr. Cook altogether is considered a very energetic and important factor in the foundation and growth of the town. In politics he is a Republican, and, in his fraternal relations belongs to the G. A. R. and the I. O. O. F.

COOLEY, Luther Edward.—The late Luther E. Cooley, who for nearly thirty years was an honored citizen of Johnson Township comes of an early pioneer family of Crawford County, Ill., as does his widow, who, in maidenhood was Hannah Beeles. Mr. Cooley was an Ohio man, born on the 11th of December, 1836, and died on the old family homestead in Section 26, where most of his family of fifteen children were born. His death occured June 20, 1901, at the age of sixty-five. The deceased was the son of William and Sophia Cooley and was the youngest in a family of eleven children, his parents coming to Crawford County about 1840. There his mother died, his father passing his last years in Clay County, Ill. They lived the lives of industrious, faithful, unpretentious agriculturists, giving their children the best education within their power and rearing them to godly ways.

Luther B. Cooley obtained his education in the district schools of Crawford County, and assisted his father on the home farm until his marriage to Miss Hannah Beeles, daughter of James and Mary Beeles, on the 18th of June, 1857. They came to Clark County in 1872 and settled on sixty acres of timber land in Johnson Township, which, in the years to come was cleared, were made into a comfortable homestead. Although the original log house gave place to a modern residence the first tract was not increased in area. Not only did the wise improvements made by Mr. Cooley increase the value of the estate, but the discovery of oil has greatly added to it. The oil well drilled in August, 1907, on the property owned by the widow is already a good producer, while there are four wells on the original purchase of sixtyacres. The deceased was a Democrat of earnestness and influence, was School Director for many years, served as Road Commissioner, and was a man of practical ability in many ways. He was a leader in the religious and charitable work of the Christian Church, as is his widow and other members of the family at the present time.

Mrs. Luther E. Cooley was born in Ohio on the 16th of December, 1840, being brought by her parents first, to Indiana, and, when eight years of age, to Crawford County, Ill. She was one of twins, and the seventh in a family of ten children. Her father was a farmer and both parents died in Crawford County, being highly respected as pioneers of great moral worth and of that common-sense usefulness which makes for the best good of American communities. Her marriage in 1857 resulted in fifteen children, of whom nine died in infancy and the following six are living: Elias Franklin, born May 20, 1859, in Crawford County, married Ella Wright, and is a farmer residing in Clinton County, Ill.; Mitty Ann, born July 28, 1862, now Mrs. Chesley Ring, the wife of a Johnson Township farmer and the mother of two children; Aaron Nicholas, born August 26, 1880, who married Cora Tharp, by whom he has had two children, and who is also a farmer of Johnson Township. As stated, the widow is now living on the old homestead. She is in comfortable circumstances, and highly honored not only for her own intrinsic worth but for the substantial part she has taken in the futherance of her husband's best interests and the material and moral welfare of her home community.

COWDEN, Alfred G—Alfred G. Cowden was born in Licking County, Ohio, in 1834. The name of his father was James and that of his mother Elizabeth. They moved to Clark County in 1839. The maiden name of the wife of our subject was Margaret Wells, and he was married to her on April 3, 1859. Six children, all girls, and all now married, were the result of this marriage of Alfred G. Cowden and Margaret Wells. Our subject has taught school for thirty-three terms, and has been Justice of the Peace for thirty consecutive years. He has been a successful school teacher, has been a good Justice of the Peace, and has been a successful farmer. He has been a representative to the Grand Lodge of the Odd Fellows Order for eight consecutive sessions. He is a Republican in politics and a member of the United Brethren Church, and was a soldier in the War of the Rebellion, having served as a member of the First Missouri Cavalry until he was discharged on account of a sunstroke, a disability received in the service and in the line of his duty. Mr. Cowden is one of the most intelligent, genial and popular men in his township. He is a man who makes friends and holds them, and on account of his conservative habits of thought and action rarely makes an enemy.

CRAIG, William B.—The success which has come to William B. Craig is of his own making, and may be traced to a disposition to make the best of his advantages and opportunities. This popular dealer in hay, coal and broom corn in Martinsville, has lived always in Clark County, and the first years of his youth were spent on the farm of his maternal grandfather, John Towell, in Martinsville Township. His parents, Robert and Susan (Towell) Craig, left no impression whatever upon the life of their son, for the mother died when he was an infant, and his father, after serving in the Civil War, abandoned his home and children and never since has been heard from.

Upon attaining his majority, Mr. Craig started out to battle for his independence, working on farms in the county by the month, and saving enough to marry, at the age of twentyfour, Alice Atkins, a native daughter of Clark County. The young couple made their home at first on a rented farm, and in 1894 moved to Martinsville, where Mr. Craig became a coal, hay and broom corn merchant on a small scale. He was even more successful than he had anticipated, and at the end of two years was in a position to own his own warehouse, which is a large and well protected structure. He carries many kinds of coal, loose and baled hay, and a large stock of broom corn, and has done much to encourage the hay and broom corn industry in Clark County.

A deep shadow fell across the home of Mr. Craig in 1901, when the wife who had aided in his success was taken from him by death, leaving to his care five of their seven children. Sylvia died at the age of twenty years; Earl; Goldie Belle; Cosy Fay, who died at the age of fourteen years; Maude; Lulu and Fred. Mr. Craig is a stanch supporter of the Democratic party, but has never had official aspirations. Fraternally he is connected with the Modern Woodmen of America. He is an energetic and capable business man, and his practical and honorable efforts redound to the permanent good of the community in which he lives.

CROUCH, James.—With the exception of a few years spent in Kansas, during which he experienced continuous reverses owing to unfavorable seasons for agricultural pursuits, Mr. Crouch has been a continuous resident of his native county of Clark, where now he owns and operates 130 acres of land situated on Section 10, Johnson Township. With the exception of ten acres of timber pasture, the land is under cultivation, and the constant labors of the owner have brought the tract into a condition of fertility second to none. The farm lies in the oil belt with excellent wells in the vicinity and while as yet oil has not been found here, indications point to its presence and at this writing (1907) different oil companies are solicitous to secure a lease of the property.

Near the old landmark originally known as the Devee mill, but later best known as the Crouch mill, stood the house where James Crouch was born December 2, 1860, and his earliest recollections are associated with the farm situated eight and one-half miles southeast of Casey in Johnson Township. His father, William, was born in Ohio of German extraction, and at an early day removed to Illinois, where he met and married Mary Dosbaugh, the daughter of John Dosbaugh, owner of the old water-mill previously mentioned. Mrs. Crouch was born in Germany, but was only two months old when in 1830 she was brought to the United States by her parents, hence her early recollections were of the newworld and the frontier environment of Illinois. When Jame Crouch was a boy of six years he was orphaned by the death of his father and afterward he passed the years of youth on the old homestead, attending the country schools in the winter and helping in the fields during the summer. Knowing little of other localities, he resolved to remove further west and try his fortune wnere lands were cheaper. In 1885 he took his bride to Kansas and settled on a farm of one-half section area, which he had secured by purchase. From the first misfortune beset him and after he had worked for four years without securing a crop of any kind he decided to return to his old home. Since then he has had no desire to leave the surroundings of his youth, but is content to remain in a region where farming may be prosecuted with success.

The marriage of Mr. Crouch took place February 22, 1885, and united him with Miss Mary Alice Orrell, daughter of Samuel and Susan (Imes) Orrell, whose sketch will be found elsewhere in this volume. The family of James Crouch comprises the following children: William E., born February 10, 18S7; Jesse Arthur, November 19, 1888; Samuel Rex, December 31, 1892; James Harlan, March 29, 1895; and John Russell, November 19, 1903. During the year 1903 the family suffered from small-pox and the eldest son, William E., has never regained his health since being attacked by that dread disease. However, although a confirmed in valid, he remains patient and hopeful and cheers others with his quiet optimism. Owing to the illness of his son Mr. Crouch of recent years has remained at home as closely as possible. However, he neglects no duty devolving upon a public-spirited citizen, and for several terms ably filled the office of School Director. During the spring of 1907 he was elected Township Commissioner. While he usually votes the Democratic ticket, he is in sympathy with the doctrines of the Populist party and favors its platform in many of its most important essentials. Years ago he began to keep posted concerning public affairs and national problems, and nothing has been allowed to interfere with this habit, the result being that he is among the best-posted men of his township. For four or more years he was very active in the work of Camp No. 9472, Modern Woodmen of America, at Moriah, in which he officiated as a trustee, but the illness of his son prevents him from attending the meetings regularly and he therefore is less active than in former years.

CUNNINGHAM, Henry V.—The above well known farmer and citizen, connected by marriage with the revered Rev. George Sandol (whose biography will be found on another page of this work), was born in Butler County, Ohio, March 30, 1853. He was the son of Robert Cunningham, a prosperous Pennsylvania farmer of English descent, and of Diana (Yargus) Cunningham, a Virginia lady of Scotch-Irish ancestry. Henry V. was reared on the Ohio farm to which his father removed from the Keystone State, performing the usual duties attending such a life and obtaining his education from the country schools in his neighborhood.

In 1860, when he was seven years of age, his parents became residents of Clark County, and until he was twenty-one years of age he remained on the home farm, where his father died in 1891 and his mother in 1899. On the 26th of March, 1876, Mr Cunningham was united in marriage to Miss Emma Sandol, a native of Clark County, whose father was the well known Rev. George Sandol, mentioned above. Of the five children born to this union two survive—Golden C, born October 31, 1889, and Tinas S., born August 9, 1894; both are sons. The fine family homestead of 120 acres is located two and one-half miles north of Martinsville. Mr. Cunningham died March 14, 1904, leaving a widow and the two children mentioned, aged fourteen and ten years. The fall after his demise Mrs. Cunningham moved with her sons to Martinsville, having bought a home in the eastern part of the city, and rented her farm. The two boys, are attending school—the elder being a student at the high school, upright, studious, bright and ambitious to be a business man, while the younger seems inclined to cling to the staid, comfortable and substantial life of the agriculturist. They are all members of the Church of God. The deceased was not only one of the best known farmers of Martinsville Township, but was one of the best judges of horses in that section of the county, and raised some fine specimens of that noble animal. His stock was highly valued, three of his horses bringing the highest prices of any ever sold in Clark County. Mr. Cuningham was honest in every relation of life, was industrious, and planned his business and farming operations with skill, fine intelligence and judgment. He was a helpful neighbor, a kind husband and father, and a useful citizen. Although voting the Republican ticket, he never aspired to be a politician, or a public man, but was perfectly content to limit the work of his life to a comparatively small compass, cultivating that field faithfully and reaping from it a full harvest for the benefit of those nearest and dearest to him.

CUNNINGHAM, John L.—A name inseparably linked with the agricultural and mercantile development of Clark County is that of John L. Cunningham, who was born in the State of Virginia, March 5, 1824, and who died in Martinsville, Ill., February 25, 1898. Mr. Cunningham came of a fine old Southern family of Irish descent, and at the age of fourteen, in 183S, came to Clark County with his parents, his father, James Cunningham, taking up a Government farm which he faithfully tilled until his death in the early 'fifties.

John L. Cunningham was the youngest of ten children, and he acquired his education under difficulties, and mostly when the hours of leisure were lighted by the burning logs of the fireplace, and the rest of the family were lost in slumber. Notwithstanding rather hard youth, he succeeded in laying by a neat little sum, and February S, 1863, married Mary E, Brannin, a native of Indiana, and born in Ma rion County, August 30, 1842. Mrs. Cunning ham is a daughter of Robert and Sarah C. (Gaff) Brannin, natives of Pennsylvania and Canton, Ohio, respectively, and the former o: whom settled in Indiana at an early day, be coming a large landowner and prosperous farm er. After his marriage Mr. Cunningham engaged in the mercantile business at Auburn, Clark County, for about twenty years, selling principally groceries, in which he worked up a far-reaching and dependable trade. Owing to impaired health he discontinued the business and spent about two years in Brazil, Ind., but returned to Clark County, locating in Martinsville, where the last twelve years of his life were full of physical suffering bravely borne. Mr. Cunningham was mildly Democratic, but the man, and not his party, appealed to him. He was not a member of any church, but he nevertheless gave the impression of great moral rectitude and unquestioned honesty. He was ever generous with his means, and contributed to churches, charitable organizations and individuals. The wife, who survives him, is a member of the Christian Church, and active in its social and religious life. Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Cunningham: Cora C, wife of Ward Secrist, a well-to-do farmer of Clark County; Charlie J., who married Mary J. Winters; Mattie, for fifteen years an educator in Clark County; and Robert, a bachelor. This family is among the highly honored ones of the community, the daughters being well educated and refined women, and the sons strong and self-reliant business men.

DAVIDSON, Daniel J.—That Clark County ranks high among the agricultural regions of the Central West is largely due to the exertions and influence of such strong and forceful personalities as Daniel J. Davidson, who not only became a large landowner and extensive stockbreeder, but who was the main promoter of the oil business in the county, and politically prominent as Circuit Clerk, Squire and Assessor. Mr. Davidson's advent into Clark County was his birth on Walnut Prairie, Darwin Township, November S, 1839, and his exit was the call from a higher power, when his life work was done.

Between the rude log hut which housed his cradle and the commodious rural residence and town home in which his last days were passed, Mr. Davidson crowded that kind of resource, energy and self-sacrifice which particularly distinguishes the pioneer class of men. He inherited traits sterling from his father, John Davidson, who traveled overland with wagon and team to Clark County from his native State of New Jersey in 1830, and took up Government land on Walnut Prairie. Eventually he owned 320 acres of land, and his success was promoted by a faithful wife, whom he married January 2, 1831, and who in girlhood was Pauline Fears, a native of Kentucky.

The youth of Daniel J. Davidson knew the monotony and grind which fell to the lot of the sons of farmers of half a century ago. He received a meager education in the subscription schools, for which tuition his father paid a small annual amount for each child in his family, and at the age of twenty established a home of his own by marrying Anna Sanford, whose death followed within a year. In March, 1875, Mr. Davidson married Abbie Smith, who was born in Ohio, March 27, 1851, a daughter of George W. and Mary (Travoli) Smith. George W. Smith was born in Licking County, Ohio, in 1823, and with his father, Robert Smith, a native of Ireland, came to Clark County at an early day. The family arose to agricultural and general prominence, and among other claims upon the favor of the community, Robert Smith helped to build the National Road through Clark County. At the time of his death in 1894, George W. Smith owned 240 acres of land. In politics, he was a Republican. Before her marriage, Mrs. Davidson taught school in Wabash Township six years. She is the mother of ten living children, one child having died in infancy; Lily, Robert, George Dean, Milo, Mamie, Frank, Bessie, Nina and Harry.

For many years Mr. Davidson lived in Marshall, of which he was one of the most capable and respected citizens. He made an exhaustive study of the oil possibilities of the county, and was the first and most vigorous promoter of this valuable resource. He was a politician in the higher sense of the word, considering it his duty to aid in the establishment and enforcement of the laws of the community. Though liberal in his tendencies, he was faithful to the tenets of Democracy, and acceptably served eight years as Circuit Clerk, for several years as Squire, and one term as Assessor. He entertained strong and practical ideas of popular utilities and advantages, had a keen sense of justice, and was beyond the pale of corruption or personal aggrandisement. Though of serious mental attitude, he appreciated the lighter things of life, enjoyed a good story, and the social intercourse of friends. Of high character and ideals, he greatly appreciated the advantages of connection with such organizations as the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, at Marshall, and the Masons, at York, and for many years was active in both lodges. He was not a member of any church, yet moral strength and fortitude was written in every feature of his face, and reflected in his private and judicial utterances. He was the man for his time and place, and clothed his obligations with dignity, thoroughness and rare judgment. DAVIS, Shelton Artemus.—Though of comparatively brief existence, the livery firm of Davis & Coons, of Marshall, established in December, 1905, has worked up a paying business, and in no small degree contributes to the commercial stability of the community. Shelton Artemus Davis, the senior member of the firm, has gained his experience in various avenues of activity, and has an acquaintance which greatly facilitates his present occupation. He is a product of Clark County, and was born on a farm here August 12, 1869. His father, Chesterfield Davis, was born in September, 1847, and died in January, 1897. His mother, Catherine (Behner) Davis, was born in July, 1849, and still makes her home at Yale, Ill., and continues in the best of health and spirits. In his youth Mr. Davis received a practical common school education, and to this he has since added by constant and many-sided research. He began his independent life as an employe of the Vandalia Railroad, with which he remained three years, and he was for two years a turnkey at the county jail, and for three years operated a freight transfer in Marshall. As before stated, he engaged in his present business with his brother-in-law, Edward Coons, in December, 1905, and he now has a number of well kept horses and the most modern vehicles. He maintains trade through the exercise of fair business methods, tact and consideration, and the firm has every cause for self-congratulation in their rapid and substantial rise to popular favor.

Although no partisan in his political beliefs, Mr. Davis is a strong supporter of the Democratic party, and in the holding of several offices he has evidenced knowledge of and interest in the needs of his progressive community. He was elected Collector of Marshall Township in 1903, re-elected to the same office in 1905, and in 1907 was elected Supervisor of the same township for the usual number of years. He Is fraternally one of the prominent men of the county, and is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Order of Eagles, Prairie Aerie, No. 1315, and Red Men, No. 23, of which he has served as Past Sachem. The family are members of the Christian Church.

April 4, 1895, Mr. Davis was united in marriage to Ada Ellen Coons, who was born in Clark County, Ill., December 16, 1873, a daughter of John Martin and Amanda Catherine (Boyer) Coons, the former of whom is a retired resident of Yale, while the latter died in 1889. Mr. and Mrs. Davis are the parents of the following children: Ethel Irene, born November 22, 1897; Chesterfield, born March 1, 1899; Everett Leo, born November 11, 1900; Glenn, born February 12, 1902; Audrey Alice, born March 21, 1904; Warren Shelton, born August 1, 1905; and Ava Jeanette, born December 28, 1906.

DAVISON, Burns M.—Of that class of professional men who, though young in years, have, by meritorious service in the past, established the promise of connection with important affairs in the future of Marshall, none commend themselves more heartily to the discerning public than Burns M. Davison, formerly State's Attorney of Clark County, and at present a member of the firm of Davison & Bartlett. Mr. Davison and his partner have spent their entire lives in the community which has held their professional opportunities, and which has richly profited by their skill, integrity and public-spiritedness.

A son of Reese M. Davison, mention of whom may be found elsewhere in this work, Mr. Davison was born on a farm in Wabash Township, Clark County, February 17, 1872, and received his preliminary education in the country fields during the summer time he felt their remoteness from the larger and more forceful activities in which he hoped some time to participate, and the obstacles in the way of which he was determined to surmount. First of all he determined to become a teacher, and in furtherance of this plan entered the Indiana State Normal at Terre Haute, Ind. Thereafter he devoted his time to school teaching for four years, and while laboring in this antechamber of many callings, studied law under the professional guidance of Judge John Scholfield, of Marshall. Admitted to the bar of Illinois May 7, 1896, he thereafter pursued an independent practice in Marshall, and soon won confidence and support by his earnest purpose and unflinching determination to succeed. At the time of his election as State's Attorney in 1900 Mr. Davison was the only Republican except John L. Ryan to hold that office in Clark County. His administration, while not distinguished by trials of special importance, was favorably received, and won practical approval for the enthusiastic young advocate. At the expiration of his term in December, 1904, he carried with him the good will and gratitude of all supporters of law and order. In 1901 was formed the partnership with Mr. Bartlett since so admirably sustained, from both a financial and professional standpoint. Though a young man of great industry and application, Mr. Davison keenly appreciates the social advantages of the town, and is a member of the Marshall Lodge No. 133, A. F. & A. M., and R. A. M., the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Court of Honor and Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. In the Court of Honor he is now serving his second term as a member of the Law and Ritual Committee, having been elected to the same in both Kansas City, Mo., and Detroit, Mich. He was enrolling and engrossing secretary of the Forty-first Assembly of the State of Illinois. Through his marriage, in November, 1897, to Mary Quick, Mr. Davison became allied with one of the honored pioneer families of Illinois, established here by Homer and America L. (Hare) Quick, the former of whom is a retired merchant of Marshall, and during the Civil War was Captain of Company K, First Missouri Cavalry. Mr. and Mrs. Davison are the parents of two children: Homer R., born March 29, 1899, and Eugenia L„ born November 2, 1900. Mr. Davison is honest, energetic and forceful, and has the right kind of ideals as to what constitutes success. He has a pleasing personality and address, and in his intercourse with people is tactful, convincing and magnetic. He is a brother of John H. Davison, the present Sheriff of Clark County.

DAVISON, John H—More and more are men of intelligence and ability seeking the healthgiving out-of-door life of the country, affording as it does in this generation of splendid improvements a fair amount of physical exertion with the minimum of nerve-racking diversions and responsibilities. Yet in the environment of the scientific farmer are outlets for meritorious ambition, and he who can step into them with sufficient equipment serves well the best interests of the community. To this class of broad outlook and varied capacity belongs John H. Davison, the present Democratic Sheriff of Clark County, and the owner of a farm of 100 acres of land in Wabash Township. The family history of Mr. Davison may be found in the biography of his brother, B. M. Davison, one of the well known lawyers of the town of Marshall. Like his brother, John H. Davison was born in Wabash Township, his natal day being June 25, 1868. He was educated in the public schools and the Terre Haute Normal, at Terre Haute, Ind., and lived on the paternal farm during his bachelor days, for about fifteen years combining general farming and school teaching in Wabash Township. December 24, 1890, he was united in marriage to Zetta Cork, who was born of early and wealthy Wabash Township settlers, August 4, 1867, and who is the mother of four children: Ruth L., born September 23, 1892; Joe Miller, born January 25, 1896; and Alma and Dale, twins, born April 18, 1904.

For two years Mr. Davison studied law, for which he had unquestioned qualifications, but his failing health compelled his return to his farm in Wabash Township. He has a beautiful home, and a model farming enterprise, and his surroundings are such as might be expected of a man of exacting tastes and cultivated mind. He has taken a prominent part in county Democratic affairs, and previous to his nomination for Sheriff at the last Democratic convention had served three years as Deputy Sheriff of Clark County. He attends the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which his wife and daughter are members, and he is a member of the Masonic Lodge of Marshall. Mr. Davison has fine qualities of heart as well as of intellect, and is possessed of the confidence and good will of the entire community.

DAWSON, Benjamin.—There are few if any of the venerable native sons of Westfield Township now living whose birth antedates that of Benjamin Dawson, December S, 1833. The infant wail of this child of the wilderness echoed against the rude shut-in walls of a house of logs, equipped with the barest necessities of living, and around which whistled uninterrupted the winds of a pitilessly long and bitterly cold Illinois winter. There already had come to the parents, Colman B. and Christine (Drake) Dawson, a son, Morris, and there followed after four other children, all of whom were subjected to the rigorous early training known to the people of the frontier. Morris was born in Virginia, from which state his parents came to Clark County in the fall of 1832. Colman B. Dawson was born in Stafford County, Va., October 8, 1808, and was a son of Bailey W. and Katie (Shelton) Dawson, the former of whom was born in Virginia January 3, 1780, and the latter in the same county and State, April IS, 1801. Colman B. was spared to realize his expectations in Illinois, to move from his log to a house of greater comfort, and to gather from the rich soil a fair competence. He was courageous and unafraid of hardship; he laughed at obstacles and was willing to own only such blessings as he had worked for and earned.

For the greater part of his life Benjamin Dawson has lived on a farm, and he now occupies a fine and well improved property of eighty acres near where he was born in Westfield Township. He attended the early subscription schools, worked hard on the home place and became a typical product of that period in American history which tried the souls of men and relentlessly weeded out the weak from the strong. Eventually he developed mercantile tendencies and moving to Charleston, Coles County, this State, engaged for a time in the milling business. Later on he operated a dry goods store in th - oeaue town for sixteen years, and in 18S0 "<eft Charleston and came to Westfield Township, where he engaged in general farming and stock-raising. Though long since relinquishing the harder burdens of farming, he maintains a keen oversight of his property, and is interested in noting the progress between the old and newer methods of agriculturists. He is a Democrat in politics, but never has been identified with the local undertakings of his party. Mr. Dawson bears well his seventy-four years and retains the cheerful and kindly disposition which has contributed so materially to his success in life. In Charleston, Ill., in 1873, he married Maggie Malone, who is the mother of a daughter, Katie May Dawson.

DEAHL, John.—The trade of carpentering is one of the oldest known to man, and its continuance rests no more upon its necessity, than upon the fact that it furnishes an outlet for the mind which delights in mechanics, order, ingenuity and creativeness. Between the skill and conscientious workman and his tools there developes a degree of sentiment found in few other occupations, for in a sense they become his companions, as well as the producers of the wherewithal of existence. John Deahl has found his trade a satisfying and absorbing one for forty-seven years, and he still looks forward to many more years of usefulness and profit in the same direction.

Mr. Deahl inherits his mechanical ability from his father, William Deahl, and he himself has transmitted the same to his son, Samuel J. Deahl, one of the foremost builders in Martinsville and vicinity. William Deahl was born in Pennsylvania, as was also his wife, Elizabeth (Barr) Deahl. For many years he lived in Lebanon County, Pa., where his son, John, was born September 15, 1831. Subsequently Mr. Deahl moved his family to Ohio, where he combined farming and carpentering, and in 1860 he settled on a farm in Martinsville Township, Clark County, Ill., where he died in his seventyfourth year. Besides John, who was his fourth oldest child, he had five other children: Samuel; Mary; Elizabeth; William; and a son who died in infancy.

John Deahl learned to be a farmer and carpenter while living at home, and in 1860 he began to follow the latter occupation exclusively. While a resident of Ohio he married Amanda McNair, a native of Pennsylvania, and who died in Ohio leaving three children, two sons and one daughter. Mr. Deahl married for his second wife a Miss Hibshman, who died in Clark County in 1898, leaving five children: The present Mrs. Deahl formerly was Mrs. Mary H. Hilton. While engaging as carpenter and builder Mr. Deahl has become known over a large part of Clark County, and he has many patrons who have employed him for a score or more of years. His work gives invariable satisfaction, for he does the best that he can, and therefore is a success. He is a Republican in politics, and has been an active Road Superintendent and Commissioner for twelve years.

DEAHL, Samuel J.—The tendencies of Samuel J. Deahl are along practical and creative lines and thus far have been stamped upon the building, education and political development of Martinsville. Mr. Deahl is a product of the pioneer element of Clark County, and was born on a farm in Martinsville Township, February 27, 1886. His father, John Deahl, whose life is sketched elsewhere in this work, gave him average opportunities, and he grew in physical strength and mental alertness while making himself useful around home, and figuring out the relative prospects of country and city life. That he decided in favor of the latter has never appeared in the nature of a misjudgment as he has proved a public-spirited and capable business man, an excellent builder, and all around promoter of necessary and elevating community interests.

Shortly after attaining his majority Mr. Deahl married Melassa Deal, March 18, 18S8. Mrs Deahl was born in Johnson Township, Clark County, October 3, 1869, and is a daughter of Samuel Deal, a pioneer farmer and veterinary surgeon of Clark County. Mr. and Mrs. Deahl are the parents of two sons and six daughters: Cecil; Freda; Charlotte; Nettie and Nellie, twins; Herbert; Henry; Harry; and Hildred. Mr. Deahl came to Martinsville several years ago, and since then has led a life of great energy and variety. He is responsible for many of the buildings which make up his surroundings, and he has the reputation of skill and substantiality in construction.

Politically Mr. Deahl is a Republican, and among other important offices he has held that of President and Chairman of the Board of Education, Chairman of the County Fair Board, and Supervisor, having been elected to the latter office, which he still holds, in 1904. Fraternally he is a member of the Martinsville Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is a well informed and intelligent man of affairs, loyal to friends and interests, and possessing the confidence and respect of the entire community.

DEANER, A. R.—The roll-call of promising and capable young business men and politicians of Marshall would be incomplete without due mention of A. R. Deaner, a successful restauranteur, and the present Clerk of his native town. Mr. Deaner was born in this community May 2, 1880, and on the paternal side is of German ancestry. His father, C. J. Deaner, came from Germany to America when a young man, and allied his fortunes with the early history of Clark County. His mother, formerly Mary Ellen Holler, was born in Marshall.

Mr. Deaner received his education in the public schools of Marshall, and has been in his present business about two years. He has a thorough understanding of his calling, maintains a neat and well equipped restaurant, and has a cuisine which satisfies the most exacting of patrons. Long before attaining his majority he became interested in politics, and previous to election as City Clerk served the community as Deputy Circuit Clerk, under Daniel Emerson, and as City Treasurer. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias, Launcelot Lodge No. 67, and the Court of Honor. In religion, he is a Baptist. The wife of Mr. Deaner formerly was Tempie Ed Duncan, born in Bowling Green, Ky., February 2, 1881, a daughter of Edmund and Temperance Duncan. A daughter, Mary Louise, was born to Mr. and Mrs. Deaner February 3, 1904. Mr. Deaner has many excellent qualities which win him friends and popular recognition, and politically he is regarded as one of the strongest and most incorruptible rein the county.

DE BORD, William Harvey.—Both in private life and in public affairs Mr. DeBord proved himself eminently capable, energetic and trustworthy, and during the long period of his residence in Clark County he won the respect of a large circle of acquaintances. When the cloud of war hovered over our nation he was eager to offer his services in defense of the Union and bravely endured every hardship that came to him in his life as a soldier, meeting perils with a courageous spirit and showing himself loyal to the flag under which he fought. As he was true in time of war, so also in time of peace he displayed the qualities that commend a citizen to his fellowmen. More than once he was honored by being urged to accept offices of trust. Several times he accepted the positions of Supervisor, Assessor and Collector. One of the highest honors of his life came to him in his election as a member of the Thirty-third General Assembly of Illinois, and during his term of office (1882-84) he gave his ballot and influence to aid in the election of Shelby M. Cullom as United States Senator. Up to the end of his life he maintained a keen interest in the moral and material advancement of his town and county, gave a stanch support to educational work, aided the cause of religion through active membership in the Christian Church, and contributed generously to charitable movements and progressive local enterprises.

The DeBord family traces its lineage to France. Benjamin and Mary DeBord were natives respectively of Louisiana and Indiana, and the latter was descended both from French and from English ancestry. Their son, William Harvey, was born at Greensburg, Ind., October 1, 1834, grew to manhood on the home farm, and supplemented attendance at country schools by a course in the college at Shelbyville, Ind. Accompanying his parents in 1854, he removed to Illinois and settled in Jasper County, where he identified himself with agricultural affairs. At the outbreak of the Civil War he gave his allegiance to the Union cause, and August 2, 1861, he was accepted as a private in Company H, Thirty-eighth Illinois Infantry. Given a post as Corporal, he was promoted for gallantry to the rank of Second Lieutenant April 7, 1863, and remained an officer in the company until the expiration of his term. October 21, 1861, he took part in the battle of Frederickstown, Mo.; October 8, 1862, fought at Perrysville, Ky.; was a participant in the battle of Stone River lasting from December 26, 1862, to January 4, 1863, during which time his regiment had thirty-four killed and one hundred and nine wounded, besides thirty-four captured by the enemy; fought at Liberty Gap January 25, 1863, at which time the regiment charged across plowed ground and under heavy fire drove the enemy from the works, capturing the flag of the Second Arkansas Regiment of the Confederate troops. At Chickamauga 301 men of the Thirty-eighth Illinois Regiment entered battle, and out of this number there were lost, wounded or captured ISO. In the course of the battle the death of a commanding officer gave Lieutenant DeBord the command of Company G, but the company fell into the hands of the enemy and the men were imprisoned at Danville.

After having been confined at Danville Prison from September to February the men made a daring attempt to escape by crawling through a sewer. All of them went west except Mr. DeBord, who endeavored to escape by going east. Fleeing from the enemy, he traveled through a sparsely settled region, where little to sustain life could be found. Necessity forced him to eat grasshoppers and once he captured a bird and ate it raw. Two hundred weary miles were covered in great weakness of flesh and hunger, and when at last he was within hearing of the Union guns and felt himself almost out of his troubles, he was captured by Confederate soldiers and taken to Libby Prison. Finally by exchange he was permitted to rejoin his regiment and afterward took part in the six weeks' siege at Atlanta. On being discharged September 15, 1864, he returned home with a military record of which his posterity may well be proud.

The first marriage of Mr. DeBord united him with Eliza L., daughter of Morrill Sanford, an influential citizen of Casey. Four children were by this wife, who died May 9, 1878. For years after her death he remained a widower, but established domestic ties again in 1892, being married May 8th to Mrs. Amanda Burk, daughter of Abraham and Elizabeth (Finney) Sebring, natives respectively of New Jersey and Union County, Ind., and both of English extraction. Abraham Sebring was born in 1812, migrated to Ohio with his parents in 1822, removed to Illinois during the pioneer period, and died in 1884. Mrs. Sebring was the daughter of a Vermont family who became prominent in the early days of Clark County's settlement. She was born in 1813 and died in 1866. During girlhood Mrs. DeBord received careful training at home and in the local schools and developed those beautiful traits of character that have endeared her to a large circle of life-long friends. In fraternal relations Mr. De-Bord belonged to the Masonic Blue Lodge and believed in the philanthropic principles for which the order stands. He was also a member of G. A. R. Post, No. 336, Hazel Dell, Ill. His political views were always in accord with Republican principles and that party received his stanch support from the time of its organization until his life came to an end. Honored by the people of Clark County and Eastern Illinois, he passed from earth at his residence in Casey, July 30, 1905, and was followed to his last resting place by tributes of deepest affection and respect.

De LASHMUTT, William Grayson.—That a man and his work have met, and journeyed harmoniously through the changing years to the betterment of the community is evident to all familiar with the general store of William Grayson De Lashmutt, a respected and liberal minded citizen of Martinsville. In most unpretentious fashion, and with little capital to tide over trade depressions, this enterprise opened to the public in January, 1877, and for thirty years its many grades and kinds of commodities have been handed over the counters by a proprietor of quiet force and great obligingness, and his no less courteous and trustworthy assistants. People have found the store cool and pleasant in summer, and have been glad to bask in the genial glow of the big stove in winter, and receiving always fair treatment and reliable goods, have revolved themselves into a large band of steady and appreciative patrons. Mr. De Lashmutt understands the business art of making people comfortable and satisfied, and he never is too busy or tired to dispense smiles and kind words to those who stray within his premises.

In his youth Mr. De Lashmutt used to hear the Darkies sing on the plantation in Frederick County, Md., where he was born July 20, 1838. His parents, Elias L. and Eliza (Michael) De Lashmutt, represented two old Maryland families, the former of French, and the latter of German descent. Elias De Lashmutt was a man of affairs, and not only succeeded at farming, but made himself necessary in politics and local government. He was Justice of the Peace for a quarter of a century, and for many years was Judge of Frederick County, Md. He was an honorable and capable man, and lived to be eighty-four years old. Of his five daughters and four sons who grew to maturity, two sons and one daughter survive.

As his father's farm was only a mile from the town of Frederick, William Grayson found it convenient to go there to school, especially in the winter time. His life was uneventful until the breaking out of the Civil War, when he entered the Confederate service, under General Early, and served until the close of hostilities. He saw much of the grewsome, terrible side of warfare, and was wounded, captured and imprisoned. Previous to the war he had served for a time as clerk in a mercantile store in Frederick, and when he doffed the gray of the Confederate soldier he went to Terre Haute, Ind., where lived his married sister, and where he was interested in merchandising for about ten years. He next lived in Evansville, Ind., for six years, in the employ of Mackey, Nesbit & Company, wholesale dry goods merchants. While with this concern he mastered every detail of the general mercantile business, and developed the ambition to become a merchant in his own name which resulted in the establishment of his present business during the winter of 1877. In 1866, in Frederick, Md., Mr. De Lashmutt married Virginia Reich, who is the mother of nine children, five of whom are living. Of these, Harry De Lashmutt is his father's able assistant. Mr. De Lashmutt is naturally a Democrat, but though in no sense a politician as generally understood, was elected to the State Legislature in 1888. A gentle and kindly personality, he has made and kept many friends along his pathway of life, and he is esteemed for the quiet and practical ambition which has contented itself with useful and necessary work.

DEVOL, H. B.—Among those of the residents of Marshall who have earned the right to leisure, none are held In higher esteem than Dr. N. B. Devol. a farmer in early life, later a gunsmith, and still later a dentist for more than a quarter of a century. Dr. Devol comes honestly by the mechanical ability which has shaped his career, for his father. Gideon Devol, was a blacksmith by trade, and followed the same both In his native State of Ohio, and in Kentucky, to which he moved in young manhood. For many years he was a resident of Spencer County, Ky., where he married Frances Tumham. and where his son, N. It. was born March 11, 1831. Two other children also were born in Kentucky, and three in Indiana, whither the father removed in later life, and followed farming and black smithing.

N. B. Devol followed the changing fortunes of his father until 1852, when he came from Indiana to Clark County, and in Marshall learned and worked at the gunsmith trade for ten years. In the meantime he had been drawn towards dentistry, as a field for finer mechanical ability, and he Qualified for the profession under Dr. Poston, subsequently engaging In business for himself from 1865 until his retirement In 1906. He was a conscientious and pains-taking workman, kept pace with the advance in the profession, and many were continuous patrons for years.

By no means self-centered, the Doctor has been a promoter of many phases of civic life, and especially has done much to promote clean and incorruptible political service. A long time Republican, he was for years Township Supervisor, for two years Collector, and Alderman of the town of Marshal] for six years. He Is fraternally connected with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and in religion, is one of the chief members and supporters of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he has been a Trustee many years. His knowledge of music was turned to good account during the Civil War, when he enlisted in the Fourteenth Indiana Infantry Regimental Band. June 7, 1861, and served until mustered out In February. 1862. He Is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic of Marshall. Through the stress of an active and useful life Dr. Devol has carried a serene and harmonious nature, one which has won for him friends, material good fortune, and opportunities for kindness and benevolences.

The marriage of Mr. Devol and Martha J. Hull, a native of Kentucky, occurred January 21, 1855. Mrs. Devol died In 1869. leaving two children, of whom Frances Is the wife of William Lutz, a tailor of Marshall, and Mary lives with her father. December 13, 1870. Mr. Devol married Lydia A. Killie, a native of Ohio, and daughter of Thomas Clayton and Jane (Hines) Killle, the latter a native of Virginia. Mr. Killie died when his daughter was eleven years old, but his wife survived until 1883, at the age of eighty-three years. Mr. and Mrs. Devol are the parents of a son, Harry B., who married a lady from Colorado Springs, Colo., and with whom he now lives in North Dakota. The only daughter In the family is deceased.

DIXON, Canton A.—The largest Implement and vehicle enterprise in Clark County is located in Marshall, and Its establishment in 1899 Is due to the well directed energy of Canton A. Dixon, a young man of exceptional business sagacity and forethought, and one of the community's most promising and public spirited citizens. Mr. Dixon's place of business Is centrally located, and has a frontage of forty-four feet He Is well provided with storage facilities, and carries a stock of implement and vehicles sufficiently varied to meet all reasonable demands. His patrons are scattered throughout the county, and that they are continuous customers argues well for the fair dealing and business-like melhous of the proprietor.

Mr. Dixon was born in Darwin Township. Clark County, Ill., August 25, 1874. and was reared on the farm of his parents. Burns and Lydia (Holwick) Dixon. He was educated in the public schools of Marshall, and the Terre Haute Commercial College, and his first business venture was the enterprise which he now conducts in Marshall. The wife of Mr. Dixon formerly was Clarine E. Greenough. who was born In Marshall, October 18, 1880, a daughter of William C. and Mary Greenough, also natives of Marshall, and born November 30. 1852, and July 26, 2855. Mr. and Mrs. Dixon are the parents of two children: Burns G., born September 21, 1903; and Ellen Y., born December 17. 1905. Mr. Dixon is fraternally connected with the Knights of Pythias, and in religion, affiliates with the Congregational Church. In politics, he is a Republican. He is personally popular and well liked, and has built around his commendable business a strong wall of public confidence.

DOSBAUGH, Samuel.—Samuel Dosbaugh, well known as a grocer and a reliable citizen of Casey, was a native of Stark County, Ohio, born July 22. 1841, and a son of John Dosbaugh, and Mary (Coffman) Dosbaugh, who were both natives of Germany.   His parents came to the United States from the Fatherland about 1828 and settled in Ohio, where they lived until their removal to Illinois in 1845, locating then In Johnson Township.

Samuel Dosbaugh was one of seven children who was brought up on the home farm in Johnson Township and received his education in the ordinary district schools.   He remained with his parents  until his enlistment, December, 1861, in Company B, Second Illinois Light Artillery, with which he served for three years, participating in the battles of Shiloh and Corinth and others of historic note.  At the expiration of his enlistment, in the winter of 1864, he was honorably discharged from the service and returned home to engage in farming in the southwestern part of the township.

Mr. Dosbaugh engaged in farming until 1879, when, on account of poor health, he rented his farm, located in Casey and entered the He first purchased a partnership of W. R. Stith, but later formed a connection with Mr. Dunn under the firm name of Dosbaugh &. Dunn. Subsequently he also became interested in the real estate business and was a busy, honest, reliable and straightforward man and a useful citizen.   He was identified with the Masonic order, and in politics was a Greenbacker, when the currency question was a live issue. September 2, 1891, Mr. Dosbaugh married Miss Rebecca Can*, a native of Indiana and daughter of C. A. Carr. Mr. Dosbaugh had one son by a former marriage, Arthur E., born October 19, 1872, and one of the promising young men of the section. Mr. Dosbaugh passed from this life March 17, 1900.

DUCEY, Rev. Patrick Richard.—The Catholic Church in Marshall, direct descendant of that first primitive structure erected in Clark County by Father Hugh Brady, In the latter 40s, is realizing the largest and most practical usefulness in its history under the direction of its present scholarly, energetic, resourceful and business-like pastor. Rev. Patrick Richard Ducey. Father Ducey is a man of the present, understanding its aims, needs and possibilities, and he applies thereto a quality of brain, heart and labor which best expresses itself in tangible results and unanswerable figures.

Father Ducey came to Marshall in September, 1892, by Rt. Rev. James Ryan, D.D. Bishop of Alton, assisted by Vicar General Hickey, of Springfield, to whom Father Ducey had formerly been assistant.   This occasion brought out the largest crowd of people ever assembled in the town.   More than a thousand people accompanied   Father   Ducey   from Springfield, nearly five hundred came from Decatur, and excursion trains brought hundreds from the surrounding towns and country.   The church was-dedicated October 25, the same year, by Rt. Rev. James Ryan, Bishop of Alton. September, 1892, saw the opening of the Sacred Heart School, under Miss Mary Healy, of Springfield, teacher, with an attendance larger than the building could accommodate.   In December, the congregation found itself possessed of a church, school and pastorate, and in the spring of 1893 additional ground was purchased for the erection of a larger school building.   In 1894 he placed a chime of three bells in the tower of the church.   For the accomplishment of all this work Father Ducey received substantial assistance from the people of Springfield, among whom he lived three years, and the Effingham congregation proved exceptionally generous and self-sacrificing.

Father Ducey came to Marshall in September, 1900, with an established reputation as an organizer and upbuilder.   He was familiar with the Central "West, as practically all of his working life had been spent here.   Born in Lowell, Middlesex County, Mass., May 5, 1863, he is a son of Patrick and Mary (Ronan) Ducey, natives of County Waterford, Ireland. He pursued preparatory studies in Lowell, and upon his graduation from the high school was awarded the Carney medal for scholarship. June 18, 1889, he was ordained a priest at the St Bonaventura Seminary, in Allegheny, N. Y., and thereafter was installed as assistant to Vicar General Hickey, pastor of the Church of the Immaculate Conception, In Springfield, Ill-Three years later, in July, 1892, he was appointed pastor of the Church of the Sacred Heart of Effingham, Ill., the so-called English-speaking church of that city.   The organization of this church by Father Ducey, In January, 1892, was a task accompanied by many obstacles and no little opposition, as there were comparatively few English-speaking families in the parish.   However, perseverance and good management prevailed, and the cornerstone of the present substantial church was laid June 23, 1892, by Rt. Rev. James Ryan, D. D., Bishop of Alton, assisted by Vicar General Hickey, of Springfield, to whom Father Ducey had formerly been assistant   This occasion brought out the largest crowd of people ever assembled in the town.  More than a thousand people accompanied   Father   Ducey   from Springfield, nearly five hundred came from Decatur, and excursion trains brought hundreds from the surrounding towns and country.   The church was-dedicated October 25, the same year, by Rt. Rev. James Ryan, Bishop of Alton. September, 1892, saw the opening of the Sacred Heart School, under Miss Mary Healy, of Springfield, teacher, with an attendance larger than the building could accommodate.  In December, the congregation found itself possessed of a church, school and pastorate, and in the spring of 1893 additional ground was purchased for the erection of a larger school building.   In 1894 he placed a chime of three bells in the tower of the church.   For the accomplishment of all this work Father Ducey received substantial assistance  from   the people of Springfield, among whom he lived three years, and the Effingham congregation proved exceptionally generous and self-sacrificing.

In Marshall, Father Ducey met with financial stringency, inefficient church and school equipment, and lack of personal interest on the part of many of the parishioners. All of these drawbacks have been overcome to large extent, and all intelligent observers must admit the radical and substantial changes which have taken place. The grounds, parsonage, church buildings and additions thereto are in excellent condition, finances have been strengthened, and renewed interest has been established in the church societies and other outlets for good. Regardless of creed or condition, the fine personality, intellect, and wealth of kindness and sympathy of Father Ducey have given him permanent place in the heart of a community whose best interests he is promoting with zeal and Christian fortitude.

DULANEY, Harry B.—Harry B. Dulaney, Vice President of the Dulaney National Bank of Marshall, is a son of Robert L. Dulaney and Elizabeth E. (Bartlett) Dulaney. His father, who was a Virginian, came to Clark County in 1852, and the record of his prominent and useful life is given in detail in another part oi this work. The mother was born in Portland, Ind. As stated, the elder Dulaney was a citizen of public prominence, and for ten years was a Commissioner of the penitentiary under Governors Oglesby and Cullom. Although he entered the law rather late in life, he reached a high standing in the profession, being associated with Judge Constable and Thomas Golden prior to entering the banking business. He was a charter member of the Odd Fellows' Lodge in Marshall, and a man who was foremost in all progressive institutions and movements.

Harry B. Dulaney is a native of Marshall, born June 14, 1856, and received his early education in the district schools of Clark County, completing his studies at the Notre Dame University In 1875 and 1876. He then went to Crawfordsville, Ind., where he remained from 1876 to 1879. when he became connected with the banking business recently organized by his father under the firm name of R. L. Dulaney & Company. Harry B. Dulaney had the active management of the business, which became a national institution in 1892 and so continued until the death of his father in May, 1903. A reorganization then took place, with Thomas Golden as President, Harry B. Dulaney as Vice-President, and Bert Bryan as Cashier.

On the 26th of November, 1882, Harry B. Dulaney married Miss Sarah E. Birch, daughter of Dr. J. J. C. Birch, an old citizen and leading practitioner of Clark County. She died May 5, 1896. Mr. Dulaney's second marriage, March 25, 1901, was with Miss Edith Prevo, daughter of Samuel Prevo, Chairman of the Board of Supervisors of Clark County, and a man of high standing and great popularity in the community. One child, Robert L., has been born of the second union. In politics Mr. Dulaney is a firm Republican, and he has a broad affiliation with the fraternities, being a member of the Knights of Pythias, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Court of Honor and the Modern Woodmen.

DULANEY, Robert L.—A prominent lawyer, banker and public character of Clark County and the State of Illinois, Robert L. Dulaney was a native of Loudoun County, Va,, the son of Zachariah and Mary E. (Braden) Dulaney. The death of his mother in his early childhood caused the dispersal of the family, and Robert was placed with an uncle, Woodford Dulaney, a merchant of York, this county.   This was in 1832.   Upon the breaking out of the Black Hawk War his uncle went to the scene of hostilities as a Lieutenant of a company, and left the boy, at the age of twelve, in charge of the business. The period of his responsibilities was short at this time, and upon his uncle's return he continued his schooling in the district school and later completed his studies at the University of Indiana, in Bloomington.   In 1840 he commenced to read law with Judge Harlin and finished his legal studies at the Transylvania University in Kentucky, being admitted to the bar in 1843 and continuing in active practice until 1879.   His first partner was Judge Constable, and later he was associated with Thomas J. Golden, whose biography appears on another page of this volume.

Soon after his virtual retirement from the practice of law Mr. Dulaney engaged in the banking business, under the firm style of R. L. Dulaney & Company, for some years conducting a profitable establishment at Marshall. His bank was nationalized in 1892, and thus continued until the death of its founder. May 5, 1902.

The deceased was an old-line Whig and a stalwart Republican, being a positive quantity in politics as in everything else.   He served under Governor Beveridge as one of the commissioners to locate the Institution for the Feeble-Minded, and for ten years was one of the Penitentiary Commissioners under Governors Oglesby and Cullom, during a portion of his latter incumbency being President of the Board. He was well known and much respected for the able services which he rendered the State in these and other capacities.   He was an earnest and helpful friend to the cause of education in his home city and county, and was an eminently useful citizen in every field of real progress.   As an individual, he was a man of exemplary habits, kind, thoughtful and charitable, and even anxious to assist those whom his sound judgment decided to be worthy of help.

On December 24, 1850, Robert L. Dulaney was married at Marshall, Ill., to Miss Elizabeth E. Bartlett, the daughter of John and Jane Bartlett, born September 3, 1833, and died at Marshall, May 1, 1882, mother of the following seven children, all of whom are natives of that place: Charles W., born January 5, 1854, married Mollie K. Rice, of Kentucky, December 5, 1882; Harry B., the banker of Marshall, whose biography appears elsewhere; Nellie B., born December 3, 1858; Mary Eliza, born August 31, 1864; Hector B., born December 19,1860, a prosperous farmer, grain dealer and cattleman of Clark County; Robert W., born January 1, 1867; and Elizabeth Cecil, born October 19, 1869. All the children but Robert W. and Hector B. are married.

DUNCAN, Edwin. - The success, failures, and unremitting ambitions of the men of the Duncan family have been a part of the commercial world of Martinsville for the past half century. They have not represented the half-hearted, plodding members of society, unwilling to take a chance or deflect from safe financial paths, but largely have contributed to the speculative element, which adds vigor and zest, uncertainty and therefore deep interest to human affairs. Edwin Duncan, who is engaged in the drug business in Martinsville, gives promise of occupying a different position in the community from that of his father, Charles Duncan, or his brother, Frank Duncan. He is a native son of Martinsville, and was born here February 3, 1859. His youth did not differ from that of other boys living here with him, and combining the usual tasks, diversions, and educational chances. He had a studious mind, and graduated with good standing from the local high school. In 1881, upon attaining his majority, he became a clerk of John Gamble, the pioneer druggist of Martinsville, and being quick witted and determined, soon picked up quite a knowledge of the drug business. After three years of association his employer died and his widow took charge of the business, retaining in her employ Mr. Duncan, and her son, Harry Gamble. In 1901 Mr. Duncan bought out his assistant and since has conducted the store alone. He is a bright and enterprising gentleman, obliging to a pleasant degree, and thoroughly conversant with the duties and responsibilities of a first-class druggist. He is a Republican in politics, a Mason fraternally, and a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He has held various local offices, and for two alternating terms was Postmaster of Martinsville. In 1884 he married Viola V. Nichols, born in Martinsville Township in 1861 and daughter of J. D. Nichols, a pioneer and extensive farmer and stock-raiser of this part of the county. Charles Duncan was born in Indiana and came to Danvers Township, Clark County, Ill., during the early '40s. He was a natural trader, and started a small country store, the success of which led him to settle in Martinsville and establish a mercantile career. The rewards of merchandising, however, did not satisfy him, and he engaged in various side enterprises, among them the purchase and sale of hogs on an extensive scale. He had much to encourage him in this enterprise, as he did a large business with the early packing houses of Terre Haute, Ind., and he also had a contract with the Vandalia Railroad to ship over a certain division of the road. He was making money rapidly when the panic occurred in 1873, and in consequence of this he went under financially and was obliged to give up his mercantile establishment. For a number of years following he devoted his energies to speculations of different kinds. He was active in Republican politics for many years, but was always too busy to warrant official responsibility. He was a charter member of the Odd Fellows Lodge at Martinsville, and was an active and generous member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He had three children, Alice, Frank and Edwin, the former of whom is the wife of A. H. Myers, a telegraph operator and freight agent at Martinsville. The wife of Mr. Duncan formerly was Elizabeth Knotts, a native of Sullivan County, Ind. Frank Duncan, older son of Charles Duncan, finished his education in the high school of Martinsville, and in 1880 engaged in the grain business, which he since has followed in connection with a general stock brokerage business. He is doing much to encourage the raising of grain and stock among the surrounding farmers, and is credited with honest and straightforward business methods. May 17, 1904, he was united in marriage to Ethel Harding, a native of Jasper County, Ill., and daughter of M. W. Harding, a grocer of Newton, Ill. Like his father and brother, Mr. Duncan is a Republican, and like them he is public spirited, generous and popular. He is fraternally connected with the Masons, and is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

DUNCAN, Euclid M., M. D. - Since his arrival in Marshall, October 10, 1890, Dr. Euclid M. Duncan has built up a reputation for professional courtesy, ability and faithfulness, and has become a dependable factor in an ever widening sphere of activity. He has excellent natural and acquired equipment and represents a substantial family of Warren County, Ky., where he was born February 4, 1850. In his youth Dr. Duncan profited by the responsibility and discipline of farming, but outgrew this environment, and prepared himself for broader usefulness at Warren College, Bowling Green, Ky., soon after taking up the study of medicine with Dr. A. C. Wright, of Bowling Green. In 1870 he entered the Jefferson Medical College, in Philadelphia, and after his graduation, March 6, 1872, became an assistant in the Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane for a year. For the following year he practiced medicine in Bowling Green, and in 1875 moved to Kutuwa, Lyon County, Ky., which remained his home for fifteen years. In the meantime, May 25, 1876, he was united in marriage to Cora Holloway, a native of Eddyville, Ky., and daughter of J. N. Holloway, a merchant of Eddyville. In 1887 Dr. Duncan became house physician at the Eddyville Prison, the finest penal institution in the South, resigning from the same October 1, 1890, the month of his arrival in Marshall. At the present time he is Pension Examiner at Marshall, and local surgeon for the Vandalia Railroad. He is engaged in a general medical and surgical practice, and is contributing his share toward maintaining healthy and sanitary conditions in the community. Dr. Duncan Is a member of the Episcopal Church, and fraternally is connected with the Red Men. He is a member of the Illinois State Medical Society, American Medical Society, American Medical Association, Kentucky State Medical Society, Clark County Medical Society and the Aesculapian Medical Society.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

DUNLAP, Theodore Newton - A lifelong residence in Wabash Township has brought Theodore Newton Dunlap in close touch with its largest possibilities and most gratifying rewards, the latter being represented chiefly by a farm of 270 acres, which admittedly is one of the most productive and valuable in this part of Clark County. Mr. Dunlap was born not far from where he now lives on April 3, 1856, twenty years after the arrival here of his father, Andrew Dunlap, by occupation a cabinet maker and farmer. Andrew Dunlap was born in Knoxville, Tenn., in 1809, and in his native State worked principally at carpentering and building. However, he preferred farming, the occupation of his earlier days, and after coming to Wabash Township in 1836, devoted his energies to tilling a crude prairie farm, upon which he passed the balance of his life. He was interested in politics, and had large capacity for public affairs, serving several terms as Postmaster, and a longer time as Justice of the Peace in the township. In early life he married Nancy Smith, who was born in Mississippi in 1822, and who became the mother of three sons, of whom James R. is a farmer in this township, and Thomas C. is a resident of Terre Haute, Ind. Theodore Newton Dunlap had the usual advantages of the central western youth of his time, but the country school was only the beginning of a liberal education gained by self application in mature life. He received an excellent agricultural training under his father, and remained at home until his marriage, in 1879, to Josephine Ingalls, a native of Wabash Township and a former student student in the district school and the schools of Terre Haute, Ind. To Mr. and Mrs. Dunlap have been born six daughters and one son: Dora; Frances; Georgia and Roberta, twins; Ellen; Jessie; and Joseph. Frances is the wife of Mr. Patton, and lives on a farm in Wabash Township. Mr. Dunlap is a Republican in politics, and has been a member of the School Board for several years. He is the stanch friend of education and kindred enlightening agencies, and during his term of service an excellent standard of instruction has been maintained in the local school. With his family, Mr. Dunlap is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He is a man of high character and liberal views, and enjoys a large acquaintance among the substantial people of Clark County.
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EMERSON, Daniel. - Although comparatively brief, the career of Daniel Emerson, the present Circuit Clerk of Clark County, has conformed to a variety of experiences and opportunities, and has demonstrated a kind of resource and adaptiveness which bespeak reserve and great possibilities of growth. Mr. Emerson is a product of Marshall, and was born here March 30, 1876. His father, Edward Emerson, was born in Haverhill, Grafton County, N. H., and his mother, Mary (Porter) Emerson, is a native of Carthage, Ind. The elder Emerson for many years was an instructor in bookkeeping, and now is serving as Deputy Circuit Clerk of Clark County. Mr. Emerson was educated primarily in the great field of human equality, the public schools, but through independent application has advanced far beyond the knowledge thus laboriously gained. He is both a student and observer of the facts and philosophies of existence, and has pronounced opinions upon the subjects which interest the intelligence of the world. Upon seeking the rewards of an independent life, he was appointed Assistant Postmaster under W. W. Hogue, and after serving two and a half years, temporarily relinquished the position at the call of his country during the Spanish-American War. Enlisting in Company H, Forty-fifth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, under Captain Capps, of Springfield, and Colonel J. H. Dorst, he spent two years on the Island of Luzon, and during that time participated in the General Wheaton Expedition. He was along the firing line in many skirmishes saw much of the natives, studied their characteristics and community life, and returned after his honorable discharge in June, 1901, with a broad general knowledge of America's latest territorial acquisition. After his martial experience Mr. Emerson returned to Marshall and to his former position in the post office, which he maintained until 1904. During that year his loyalty to Republican interests was further recognized by his election to the Circuit Clerkship, which office he since has maintained with credit to all concerned. Mr. Emerson has a strong predilection for social advantages, and is identified with the Marshall Lodge No. 133, A. F. & A. M., Marshall Chapter No. 70, R. A. M., the Palestine Commandery No. 27, of Paris, Ill., the Lancelot Lodge No. 67, K. of P., and the Camp No. 355, M. W. of A. Mr. Emerson is a young man of pleasing personality, and well grounded appreciation of the duties and responsibilities of twentieth century citizenship. His genial and fortunate temperament makes him a great favorite, and it may justly be said that few young men of the community have a larger circle of friends and well wishers.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

ENGLISH, Edward M. - The progenitor of the English family in Clark County was a man of high character and noble life purpose, whose setting was the unhindered prairies, and whose mission was the preaching of the gospel according to the tenets of the Methodist Episcopal Church. His name was Abel English, and he was born in New Jersey 1797. On March 6, 1819, he was united in matrimony to Margaret Babcock, near whom he had grown from childhood, and who was born in New Jersey June 17, 1801. While performing his busy round of duties in his native State this old-time preacher heard the call of the edge of the frontier, and in 1835 came in laborious fashion to Indiana, and after two years had passed, again hitched up his team and traveled to Clark County, Ill., taking up land two miles north of the present town of Marshall, in Marshall Township. His dream of long years of activity in the new country was not destined for fulfillment, for his life was cut short November 11, 1840, at the age of forty-three years. Nevertheless, besides founding the first Methodist Church in Marshall, he implanted a lasting impression of nobility and self-sacrifice during his brief residency, and his memory is fragrant as are the flowers that grow upon his grave in the little cemetery at Livingston. His wife died March 2, 1857. John English, son of the pioneer preacher, was born in New Jersey on March 23, 1823, and he was twelve years of age when the family settled in Clark County. In boyhood he profited by the meager advantages of the subscription schools during the winter time, and his muscles hardened while swinging the scythe and cutting down timber, and performing those many sided tasks which the sunset found him still occupied with. October 15, 1849, he married Angelina Plasters, daughter of James and Hannah Plasters, Virginians by birth, and Illinoisans by adoption. The young people lived on the old English farm for the balance of their lives, reared there their five sons and five daughters, and died at an advanced age among prosperous and pleasant surroundings, the father in 1880. and the mother in 1882. Mr. English was a conscientious man and a painstaking farmer, and he maintained well the family reputation for upright and intelligent living. The third generation of the English family in Clark County is represented by Edward M. English, the third son and fourth oldest of the five sons and five daughters of John English. The early development of Mr. English was along regulation lines, and he naturally picked up the thread of farming to weave it into a fabric of independence and profit. He is known as one of the most intelligent and successful farmers in Marshall Township, and occupies a place of 101 acres, forty-six of which have been added to his original fifty-five acres. He raises general produce and stock, and makes a specialty of Shorthorn cattle and Poland China hogs. He has surrounded himself and family with the many comforts and conveniences known to latter days country dwellers, and on every hand are evidences of refinement, method and progress. June 24, 1885, Mr. English married Elizabeth Weinhold, a native of Canton, Ohio, and born August 23, 1858. Mrs. English is the daughter of Henry and Eva (Glee) Weinhold, both of whom were born in Germany and came to the United Stated at an early date. Mr. Weinhold was a shoemaker by trade, and followed the same up to the time of his death, in 1874. Besides Elizabeth, he had three other children: Henry, Callie, and John. Mr. English lived on the old homestead for two years after his marriage, but all but one of his three daughters and two sons were born on his present farm. The children are as follows: Harold, born February 21, 1887; Walter, born June 18, 1889; Ethel, born August 16, 1892; Helen, born May 24, 1897; and Donald, born February 25, 1900. Mr. English is active in general township affairs and is a staunch Republican, a member of the Modern Woodmen of America and the Court of Honor, and in religion worships at the Methodist Episcopal Church
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

ENGLISH, Isaac William.-The grandchildren of that grand old pioneer, Abel English, constitute a not inconsiderable part of the present population of Marshall Township. Knowing that a good example has no limit of duration, but travels endlessly in the wake of him who creates it, it is not surprising that the descendants of this frontiersman reflect in varying degrees his character and usefulness, and this notwithstanding the fact that few of them have ever seen the face or heard the voice of the brave founder of the first Methodist Episcopal Church in Marshall, which the congregation had at that time but seven members. A goodly share of the early religionist's excellent traits have fallen to Isaac William English, son of Isaac B. English, the latter the second oldest of the nine sons and three daughters of the zealous churchman. Besides Isaac B., there survive also of this large family two sons, Able and Daniel, aged eighty-two and seventy years, respectively, and Martha, aged seventy-three years. Isaac B. English was born in New Jersey, September 20, 1821, and accompanied his parents to Indiana in 1835, and to Clark County, Ill., in 1837. On February 29, 1844, he married Sarah Black, who was born in Ohio in 1825, a daughter of John Black, one of the early arrivals in Clark County. John Black was born in Scotland in 1787, and in his early married life, November 17, 1817, embarked in a sailing vessel bound for American shores, arriving at the end of his journey February 1, 1818. The voyage was long, and perilous storms swept over the stanch craft until her creaking timbers no longer could weather the wild and untamable elements. When it became apparent that the life-boats alone could save the terror stricken voyagers, everything available was thrown overboard but what could be tied up in pocket handkerchiefs. From among his possessions John Black chose his Bible, letting all else go, and when the passengers finally reached the port of New York, transferred hither by a friendly passing craft, this good book was more than compensation for the other losses he had sustained. To the end of his days the most vivid remembrance of the shipwreck was the wail of a newborn child, ushered into existence upon the reeling, terrifying deep, but destined for a snug place in the life-boat and a long life of energy and usefulness. This child was named Mary J. Black Dougan, who died at the age of eighty years. Mr. Black brought his family to Ohio and engaged in the hotel business until 1839, and that year he came to Marshall and plied his trade as a weaver. He was thus employed to the end of his life, in the middle of the '60s. He was a Republican in politics, but avoided rather than courted official recognition. To Isaac B. English and his wife were born twelve children, nine sons and three daughters, of whom six are deceased. Mr. English devoted his active life to farming, applying to it the principles of honesty and common sense, and living up to his faith in kindness and sympathy as means of making the world better. He died June 13, 1898, and his wife died November 12, 1892. Isaac William English was born in Section 12, Marshall Township, December 29, 1856, and remained at home until purchasing eighty acres of his present farm in 1883. The following year, February 13, 1884, he was united in marriage to Sarah Spotts, daughter of John and Mary (Lockard) Spotts. Mrs. English was born in Wabash Township July 27, 1859, and is the second oldest of eight children. She is the mother of two sons and three daughters, of whom Roy W. was born May 29, 1885; Pearl was born February 2, 1887; Mattie was born December 10, 1890; Alice was born January 1, 1892; and Chester was born January 6, 1895. Mr. English prospered with his first purchase of land, and later added to it until he now owns 215 acres, all of which is under cultivation. He has an ideal country home and a diversified occupation, and is a keen appreciator of the advantages and refinements which differentiate the country dweller of the present from his predecessor of a decade ago. He is a Republican in political affiliation and fraternally is connected with the Court of Honor. The family are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

ENGLISH, J. W., who for so many years was a hard-working farmer of Martinsville Township, is now in comfortable circumstances as the result of the fine development of oil properties on his land, and will soon move to Casey, to give his children better educational advantages, that he is here regarded as a resident of that city. He was born in the township named, on the 8th of October, 1858, his parents, Andrew J. and Amanda (Francis) English, having been natives of Ohio. Her father, who was born in Licking, County about 1833, migrated to Clark County, Ill., in 1853, and lived within its limits until his death, in January, 1866. During two years of the Civil War he was absent at the front fighting the battles of the Union cause as a member of Company G. One hundred and Twenty-third Illinois Volunteer Infantry, being at Shiloh, Corinth and other engagements of note. His wife and the mother of J. W., also a native of Licking County, Ohio, was born April 14, 1837, and died February 28, 1904, at the age of sixty-seven. The paternal grandfather was of Scotch-Irish ancestry. Mr. English, in his early years, was developed on his father's farm and in the country schools of the neighborhood, and on the 17th of October, 1886, married Miss Addie E. Sherman, a native of Clark County, born November 27, 1858, and therefore about a month younger than her husband. Mrs. English is the daughter of George and Lucy (Boyd) Sherman, her parents, like those of her husband, having been born in Ohio. Her father, a native of Delaware County, died in October, 1859, and her mother subsequently married Michael Lewis, of whom there is a biography on another page of this history. In 1889, three years after his marriage, Mr. English bought forty acres of land in Section 4, Martinsville Township, from Mrs. Mollie Stephens, but, although he was industrious and frugal, it was extremely difficult for a long time to make even a fair living out of the property. But with the discovery of oil all changed, and his estate is now valuable and yields him a good income. Altogether he owns ninety-five acres in the oil district, and has twelve producing wells on one "forty." There are none who begrudge him his good fortune; in biblical phrase, he has had his years of famine, and now comes his season of plenty. He is one of the best known and most highly respected citizens in the township, both for what he has accomplished and for what he is. Mr. English is a Republican voter, but in no sense a politician. Besides his faithful and good wife, who has stood close by his side, whatever his lot or prospects, he has three children: Goldie, born May 11, 1887; Lester Claude, May 18, 1890, and Usher Howard, May, 1893.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FAIRGRIEF, Charles.-Identified with the Counties of Edgar and Clark from his early manhood, Mr. Fairgrief has meanwhile gained a thorough knowledge of the soil, climate and possibilities of this section of Illinois and has won a wide circle of warm personal friends through his adherence to manly and upright principles of conduct. Although much of his life has been passed in this region, he is of English birth and parentage, and was born in Kendall, England, March 31, 1846, being one of a family of eleven children. Early in life it became impressed upon his mind that his native land offered fewer opportunities for the young and the poor than were offered by the newer country across the ocean, and he was yet a mere lad when he sought the unknown land beyond the sea. After a brief sojourn in New York he came west to Illinois and stopped at Paris, Edgar County, where soon he secured employment with Mr. Simms, a farmer living five miles south of that town. Steadily working from month to month, he frugally hoarded his earnings until he was in a position to start out as an independent farmer, which result was achieved in the buying of the necessary machinery and stock and the renting of a farm in Edgar County. After having operated as a renter for a number of years, in 1875 Mr. Fairgrief came to Clark County and settled upon a tract of timber land in Wabash Township. At once he took up the task of clearing the timber off the land and placing the tract in shape for profitable cultivation. The one hundred acres comprising the homestead have been improved with neat buildings, all of which he erected after buying the place. The land lies on Section 22 and is characterized by those appurtenances indicative of the progressive farmer and resident owner. In the securing of his present desirable position he has had the able assistance of his wife, who was Susan Cockroft, a native of Vigo County, Ind., born July 30, 1849, and from the age of three years until her marriage a resident of Edgar County, Ill. Mrs. Fairgrief is of English ancestry. Her father, James Cockroft, was born in Leeds, England, and by occupation is a blacksmith, following that trade in his native land until he came to America in 1841, at the age of thirty years. By his marriage to Mrs. Sarah (Kirby) Holley, the widow of John Holley, he had two children, of whom Susan was the elder, and she was reared and educated in Edgar County. Of her union with Mr. Fairgrief nine children were born, namely: Chauncey M., Edward H, Sarah J., James (who died in infancy), McCloud, Cornelia, Ravilla, Anna and Willelea. The children were trained under the careful guidance of their parents and attended the district schools of Wabash Township. The fraternal relations of Mr. Fairgrief embrace identification with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, his membership being with Marshall Lodge No. 64. After coming to this country he made a careful study of national problems and is well versed in matters pertaining to governmental progress. Being a firm believer in free trade principles, he has affiliated with the Democratic party in national elections and locally votes for the men and measures he thinks for the best interests of the people. For eight years he officiated as Justice of the Peace, in addition to which he has held office as Tax Collector and at this writing is Notary Public. With his family he holds membership in the Christian Church and is a contributor to its missionary and philanthropic work.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FERRY, John.-Since casting his lot with Illinois in 1860, John Ferry has worked his way through many difficulties and extreme poverty to the ownership of a fine farm of eighty acres in Marshall Township. Upon arriving in the United States from County Donegal, Ireland, Mr. Ferry located first in Edgar County, this State and, being absolutely without means was glad of such menial occupations as feeding cattle and digging ditches. At the end of ten years he found himself the possessor of a neat little competence, and in a position to marry and have a home of his own. His wife formerly was Catherine Gallagher, daughter of Joseph and Eunice (Sweeney) Gallagher, who came to this county from Ireland in 1864. In 1870 Mr. Perry came to Clark County and bought his present farm in Marshall Township. It was covered with brush and timber, but without aid he has cleared and cultivated it, and transformed its stored fertility into products of use to mankind. He has a comfortable home and well tended garden, and his stock are well cared for and his products well housed. He places correct value upon neatness and order, and upon untiring industry as a means to a worthy end. He is a Democrat in politics, and in religion is a Roman Catholic. Mr. and Mrs. Ferry are the parents of two sons and five daughters: Margaret, Joseph, Grace Ann, Mary, Catherine, Patrick, and Eunice.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FETTERS, Richard.-Not long after the close of the Civil War Mr. Fetters removed from Kentucky to Eastern Illinois and settled in Cumberland County, where for a long period of busy years he followed general farming pursuits. Eventually crossing the line into Clark County he purchased property on rural route 7 from Casey and here he has since made his home, devoting himself as assiduously to the cultivation of his land and the improvement of the place as he did when stern necessity impelled his labors. Through conscientious and intelligent efforts he has become financially independent and ranks among the substantial farmers of his community, this commendable degree of success having been achieved by his unaided exertions through long years of laborious application. Descended from German ancestry, and a son of Daniel and Sarah (Gillman) Fetters, natives of Pennsylvania, Richard Fetters was born October 10, 1843, and passed the years of youth in Kentucky in his native county of Lewis, being reared a farmer boy and receiving fair advantages in country schools. At the age of less than eighteen years he left Kentucky August 18, 1861, and crossed the river into Ohio, where he offered his services in defense of the Union, and was accepted as a private in Company B, Thirty-third Ohio Infantry, under Captain E. J. Ellis. With his regiment he took part in various skirmishes as well as a few engagements of note. Owing to disability he was honorably discharged from the service June 24, 1862, after which he returned to his old Kentucky home. Four years later he came north as a permanent resident and has since lived in Eastern Illinois. The marriage of Mr. Fetters took place March 22, 1868, and united him with Ann Eliza La Fever, daughter of Elias and Rebecca (Irons) La Fever, natives of Pennsylvania, both descendants of German ancestors. Four children came to bless the union of Mr. and Mrs. Fetters, namely: Jennie, who was born February 20, 1869, and died October 8, 1899; James, who was born May 31, 1871, and now makes his home in Pekin, Ill.; Mary B., who was born April 3, 1878. and married Walter Mayes, a carpenter now residing in Casey; and Charles, who was born June 5, 1882, and died October 8th of the same year. The family are respected as valued members of the farming community and as earnest workers in the United Brethren Church at Casey, in which Mr. and Mrs. Fetters are leading members. Old war days are held in memory through meeting with his comrades in Monroe Post No. 100, G. A. R, at Casey, to which he has belonged ever since coming to this county. With secret organizations he has never been in affiliation and belongs to no order excepting the Grand Army, while in political opinions he always has been stanchly in sympathy with the Republican party.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FINNEY, William B-The earliest recollections of his life Mr. Finney associates with frontier surroundings as they then existed in Clark County. Settlers were then few, schools were scattered at wide intervals and towns were mere hamlets. As far as the eye could reach in every direction there was an apparently endless stretch of woods. Children feared to go alone through the forests, for wolves abounded and bears also were occasionally seen. Nor had the graceful deer and antelope disappeared from their early haunts. There were few roads in the county, for the building of a good road through the woods was a difficult task. Township lines had not been definitely defined, nor were the county lines always fixed with positiveness. The home farm of 400 acres stood in Johnson Township and in those early days oxen were utilized in the care of the crops. The first horses were brought to the farm in 1854, but it was some years after that before the oxen were entirely superseded by their swifter competitors. There was little farm machinery and that was of a type now entirely obsolete, having been replaced by laborsaving apparatus of the most modern style. The pioneer's home was a primeval structure of logs, boasting none of the comforts of the present day, yet withal the home of a happy, contented and progressive family. On the homestead in Johnson Township William B. Finney was born September 10, 1846. His father, Hamen, was born in New York State October 8, 1809, and married Susan White, who was born May 5, 1813, in Virginia, of German and English extraction. For a time they lived in Ohio, but as early as 1842 they traveled by "prairie schooner" to Illinois and settled in Clark County, where he took up a claim from the Government. Both passed away in 1899, the mother on the 30th of January and the father on the 22nd of October. Their son, William B., was reared on the home farm and attended school when he could be spared from home. The schools of those days were far inferior to those of the present and his attendance necessarily was irregular, yet he secured a fair education. However, this was perhaps due as largely to his unaided efforts as to school-training. The marriage of Mr. Finney took place on Christmas eve of 1871 and united him with the lady who since has been his efficient helper and devoted counselor. Miss Caroline Burke was born in Dearborn County, Ind., March 31, 1851, and was a daughter of Robert Burke, who was a native of New York State, his parents having crossed the ocean from Ireland about the opening of the nineteenth century. Immediately after his marriage Mr. Finney brought his bride to the farm seven miles south of Casey, which forms a part of the old homestead entered from the Government, and here he now lives, devoting his attention to the care and cultivation of the ninety acres comprising the farm. The land is well adapted for the raising of stock, which he has made his specialty. With the exception of four years spent in Oklahoma he has made Clark County his lifelong home and is satisfied to spend his remaining years here, in the midst of the friends of a lifetime and surrounded by the scenes familiar to him from earliest knowledge. In February of 1901 he removed to Oklahoma and entered a claim in Denny County, where he remained for three years. While greatly pleased with Oklahoma, he was content to return to the old surroundings. Though not claiming to be an adherent of the Republican or the Democratic party, Mr. Finney maintains a close interest in political affairs. In his vote, however, he pays no attention to party lines, but supports the men and measures he considers best qualified to advance the welfare of the people. In local offices he considers the character and intelligence of the candidate as vastly more important than his views concerning tariff, imperialism and currency. In his family there were seven children, but three, Hosea B., Josiah C. and Paton H., died in childhood. The eldest daughter, Ora B., is the wife of F. F. Harris, of Casey; Dessie B. married Levi G. Weaver, a progressive farmer of Johnson Township. The older of the two surviving sons, James G., resides in Casey, and the younger, Damon W., makes Colorado his home.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FIX, Robert Ober.-Prominent among the progressive farmers of Marshall Township, Clark County, is Robert Ober Fix, a native son of Clark County, and born in Anderson Township, August 21, 1855. Mr. Fix was reared in a family of eight children, four sons and four daughters, of whom he is the third oldest, and his early advantages were similar to those of other farm-reared youth of his time and place. His father, Joseph Fix, a deceased pioneer of Clark County, was a native of Licking County, Ohio, who in youth moved to Delaware County, the same State, and worked for a man of the name of Eli Guinn, near Columbus, Ohio. In his native State Mr. Fix married Nancy Fancher, who was born and reared in Ohio, and in 1849 came to Melrose Township, Clark County, Ill., where he invested his earnings in 200 acres of land, taken up from the Government. He worked on this property for about two years, but it not proving satisfactory, he sold out and moved to Anderson Township, where he bought 205 acres. Here he lived and prospered until his death, October 13, 1901. He was a Democrat in politics, and a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Robert Ober Fix helped to clear the home farm. He married, October 14, 1877, Mary B. Simmons, daughter of Anderson Simmons, a farmer of Martinsville Township, and born June 4, 1857. Mr. and Mrs. Fix are the parents of three sons and one daughter, of whom the latter, Stella, who is the wife of Henry Rudy, of Marshall, is the only survivor. Mr. Fix, as did his father before him, subscribes to the principles of the Democratic party, and he has been active in its local undertakings for several years. He served as Supervisor and Road Commissioner of Orange Township. In religion he is a Methodist Episcopalian. Mr. Fix is a successful and studious agriculturist, taking advantage of all opportunities for advancement in his calling, and maintaining strict integrity in all of his dealings.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FLINT, Jacob.-As we look around on the civilization of the present day it is difficult to realize that scarcely one-half century has passed since wild animals roamed unmolested through our forests, the Indians had not yet wholly retreated to the more remote frontier, and white men had only begun the task of transforming the wilderness into a region of fertile farms and happy homes. There are still living among us men whose memories go back to the old conditions and who enjoy contrasting the refinements of the twentieth century with the struggles of the past. Among these men an influential pioneer is Jacob Flint, who as early as 1840, when a small boy, settled with his parents in what is now Johnson Township, Clark County. The hardships of those now distant days he vividly recalls. It was his task to aid in the development of a farm from the primeval wilderness. Until about 1854 the country was very sparsely settled, but early in the '50s pioneers began to come from points further east. The only school in that entire region was held in a log building known as the Cole schoolhouse, but Mr. Flint attended irregularly. In the winter it was too cold for children to walk to school in their bare feet, while in the summer rattlesnakes were so numerous and dangerous that little folks were kept at home, hence opportunities for education were meager. Wild game was abundant and supplied the families of the pioneers with meat of various kinds. On the land where Casey now stands Mr. Flint frequently killed deer, and beneath his unerring aim other game often was brought to earth. During the eighteenth century the Flint family crossed the ocean from England to America and settled in Maryland, where Benjamin Flint was born in 1795. Removing to regions farther west, he labored as a pioneer in various localities and eventually died in Illinois in October, 1850. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Elizabeth White, was born in Pennsylvania in 1800, of German parentage, and died in Illinois during June of 1879. Their son Jacob was born in Franklin County, Ind., September 6, 1832, and was eight years of age when the family settled upon an undeveloped tract of land in Clark County, Ill. where since he has made his home and engaged in farm pursuits. June 18, 1855, he was united in marriage with Hannah Shadley, who was born in Ohio July 7, 1831, and at the age of two years accompanied her parents to Indiana, where she passed the years of childhood. Possessing a gentle and amiable disposition and wise judgment, she proved a helpful counselor to her husband, and her death, September 30, 1889, was a deep affliction for the family. The children born of the union were: Albert, Clarinda, Mary, Joe Hooker, and Charles, of whom Charles and Mary are deceased. The son J. H. resides on the old farm and the other children also are married and in prosperous circumstances. Casting his first Presidential ballot for John C. Fremont, Mr. Flint became a Republican on the organization of the party and has voted that ticket up to the present day. When the Civil War began he gave his allegiance to the cause of the Union, and August 15, 1861, was enrolled as a member of Company F, Fifty-ninth Illinois Infantry, with which he marched to the front under Captain S. W. Kelley. The first battle in which he engaged was that of Pea Ridge. Later he bore a brave part at Shiloh, Corinth, Stone River, Perryville (Ky.), Franklin (Tenn.), Chattanooga, and other engagements of perhaps less note, though not of less danger. The only time he received a wound was at Stone River, where he was injured in the thigh. At the expiration of his term of service in September, 1864, he returned to his Illinois home with a splendid record as a soldier. All through his life he has been loyal to the nation and believes our country to be the greatest on earth, while in his own community he works energetically to promote movements for the benefit of agriculturists and the well-being of all.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FORRESTER, Ethelbert, merchant, Postmaster and enterprising resident at Moriah, is now the chief personal factor in the thriving little village which is springing up around what, before the coming of the oil boom, was virtually only a small country store. He is well educated, a good business man, and, although still young in years, has evinced an unusual aptitude for the conduct of county affairs. Mr. Forrester was born in Johnson Township, this county, on the 31st of August, 1875, the son of Elijah Taylor and Emma M. (Chrisman) Forrester, his mother, who was born February 15, 1855, passing away on the 5th of June, 1882. His father is a farmer and a stockman, the members of his family, besides E. T., being Edwin, who is a school teacher, and Blanche, who was born August 31, 1877, and died November 25, 1889. The paternal grandfather, John Forrester, located with his wife in Johnson Township, in the spring of 1847, where he was a leading farmer and citizen until the time of his death September 6, 1871. He was the final owner of 400 acres of land, a staunch member of the Methodist Church, a life-long Republican, a substantial member of the community and a good man. Of the eight children in his family six reached manhood and womanhood-Samuel, Lewis, John, Elijah Taylor, (or Taylor, as he was more generally called), Sarah, and Orilla. Ethelbert, the son of Taylor Forrester, was educated, primarily, in the common and high schools of Casey, and finished his higher studies at the County Normal, of Marshall, graduating from that institution with a first grade certificate in 1896. Later, for five years, he taught school in Johnson Township, but since the year 1900 has been engaged in mercantile business. In 1905 he bought the establishment of Mr. Weaver at Moriah, and, while steadily improving since that time, it has been especially good since the discovery of oil in the adjacent country. He is also Postmaster at Moriah, and in 1901 was elected Supervisor of Johnson Township, serving four years in that capacity, Chairman of the Board during the last year of his term. Mr. Forrester's reputation for substantial worth and high character are well merited and fully earned, for his father died when he was quite young, and he was left almost entirely alone with few resources except ability and an honest ambition to make the most possible of his life; and this he has achieved to the utmost, and is honored accordingly. Ethelbert Forrester was married at Oak Point, February 15, 1899, to Miss Jennie Weaver, daughter of Louis and Adeline (Smith) Weaver, and born in Christian County, Kan., on the 11th of January, 1880. Her father was a native of Indiana and her mother was born and reared at Belle Air, Crawford County, Ill. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Forrester-Denzel Victor, December 24, 1899, and Mary Adeline, October 30, 1904. Both himself and wife are members of the Winebyonarian (or Church of God) at Oak Point. Mr. Forrester is one of the strongest Republicans in this section of the county. Fraternally he is identified with the M. W. A., No. 9472, and is a charter member of the Ben-Hur Society.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FORSYTHE, Ben.-The gift of trading, discovered in early life, and prosecuted ever since with vigor and growing capacity, is responsible for the present prosperity of Ben Forsythe, one of the younger generations of financiers of Clark County. Mr. Forsythe found the place most unsuited to his tastes to be the farm north of Marshall where he was born March 12, 1872. His parents, Benjamin Bradford and Martha (Anderson) Forsythe, born January 3, 1838, and October 13, 1841, respectively, were hardworking farmers, but the father's usefulness was seriously impaired by service during the last nine months of the Civil War, when he contracted the cold on his lungs which resulted in his death, December 30, 1895. With due appreciation of the advantages of education, especially arithmetic, young Ben attended what was known as the old Sassafras school until about his sixteenth year. In the meantime the trading spirit had grown strong within him, a fact which became known to the surrounding farmers when he succeeded in cornering the local chicken market. He also had come under the tutelage of Lincoln Griffith, himself a thrifty trader, who put him on his huckster wagon, in which capacity he exercised his gift of persuasion for three years. At the age of seventeen he had advanced to the capitalist class, and had invested his chicken, huckster and incidental earnings in the clear title to a farm. A land owner and bank depositor, he proceeded to enjoy also some of the luxuries of life, and stirred up his faculties by taking a trip to Kansas, and later to California. Returning from the West, it became the pleasure and duty of Mr. Forsythe to share his good fortune with a deserving little woman known as Ruth L, whom he married and forthwith settled down to farming, stock-raising and trading for six years. He then sold his farm at an advantage, subsequently bought and sold two more farms, and in 1904 bought 320 acres of timber land in Canada. This last property furnished him the material for an extensive timber shipping business, in which he engaged with large profit for about three years. Since then he has been a resident of Marshall, a tireless, resistless force, with many years ahead of him in which to seize upon opportunity, and mould it to commercial advantage. In the hands of Mr. Forsythe, what often is regarded as a dangerous propensity, has not led its possessor astray. On the contrary, he is regarded as a level-headed and astute business man, exercising consideration and fairness towards others, even while gaining on them in the race for a competence. When allied with generosity, public-spiritedness, honesty and appreciation of the real value of money, the qualities within him should tend to great good and great usefulness to his fellowmen.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FORSYTHE, James.-The financial resource of James Forsythe is a well kept and well patronized meat market in a central part of Marshall, of which he has been the owner and proprietor for years. He has a large and dependable trade, and retains the same by the observance of the homely qualities of honesty, obligingness and tact. Mr. Forsythe is a product of Wabash Township, Clark County, where he was born January 13, 1863. His father, B. B. Forsythe, was born in Kentucky, and in early life sought the larger possibilities of the Central West, settling on the farm in Wabash Township where his death occurred in 1895. Mr. Forsythe's mother, Martha (Anderson) Forsythe, was born in Ohio, and married her husband in the then small town of Marshall, in 1857. Besides James, there were three sons in the family, Thomas G., Norman and Benjamin; and two daughters, Mrs. Ella Demster, of Poplar Bluffs, Mo., and Mrs. Lucy Hall, of Edgar County, Ill. The family all are members of the Christian Church. The marriage of James Forsythe and Jennie White occurred April 20, 1884, Mrs. Forsythe being a native of Wabash Township, and daughter of early settlers of the State. Mr. and Mrs. Forsythe are the parents of ten children: Vernon; Harry; Charles; Mrs. Jessie Eldridge, of Paris, Ill.; Gertrude; Mable; Lillian; and Martha Jane. Mr. Forsythe is respected by all who know him, and is one of the enterprising and public spirited business men of the city.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FORSYTHE, Norman.-There are within the limits of Clark County a number of men whose entire lives have been passed here, and this class forms one of the most substantial and enterprising in the body politic, its members uniformly favoring measures for the development of local resources and for the up building of schools, churches and other agents contributory to the general good. In the list of such citizen's mention belongs to Norman Forsythe, the son of a pioneer whose sketch is presented elsewhere in this volume. The well improved farm lying on Section 30, Wabash Township, which is now the scene of Mr. Forsythe's activities, was his birthplace, January 19, 1867, being the date of his birth. During boyhood he was sent to the neighboring country schools and also was taught to make himself useful on the home farm, learning all of the work incident to the management of land and the care of stock. In his establishment of domestic ties, October 25, 1893, Mr. Forsythe was united in marriage with Anna Fawley, who was born in Wabash Township, October 25, 1870, and was in order of birth sixth among eight children, named as follows: Elmer; Albert; Ida, who is the wife of William Spotts, a farmer of Marshall Township; Melville; Roy; Anna; George; and Elenora, deceased. The father, William Fawley, was a native of Virginia, whence he removed to Ohio at an early age, and there met and married Eliza Callahan, a native of the Buckeye State. After their marriage they remained for a time in Ohio and from there migrated to Illinois. About 1866 they settled in Clark County and Mr. Fawley purchased eighty acres in Wabash Township, where he engaged in agricultural pursuits until his death, meanwhile doubling the amount of his holdings. At the time of his death he was seventy-one years of age. Through all of his active life he was a staunch believer in Democratic principles and a firm supporter of the party ticket. At one time he held the office of Township Commissioner, but generally he declined official honors, preferring to devote himself exclusively to farm work. Upon his father's death Norman Forsythe established himself permanently at the old homestead and here he now owns and operates one hundred and thirty-nine acres of land, a considerable portion of which was cleared through his tireless efforts of earlier years. He follows general farming pursuits, and disposes of a portion of the produce in the markets, feeding the balance to his cattle, of which he always carries a number of head. No startling changes have marked his life. Pursuing the even tenor of his way, he has lived from year to year at peace with his fellowmen, unburdened by the stress of conflict that darkens the industrial world. Aside from voting the Democratic ticket he has taken no part whatever in politics, nor has he ever become affiliated with fraternal organizations or secret societies. The farm where he was born is also the birthplace of his children, Nila, Fay, Alva W., Lena, Mahala, and Elmer, in whose training he and his wife are warmly interested. Throughout the community the family is respected and its members occupy the positions to which their high characters entitle them.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FOSTER, Dennis.-Examples of the result of indefatigable labor and wise judgment are to be found in every section of the country, and certainly Clark County is not wanting in the presence of a goodly quota of successful men, citizens who have achieved a commendable degree of success by their unaided efforts protracted through a long period of years. An instance of such success is to be found in the life of Dennis Foster, one of the prosperous citizens of Clark County and for years one of its extensive agriculturists, but now living in Casey retired from active farming and business cares. Believing that he had done his share of work in the world, in 1901 he retired from the farm, gave his lands into the charge of two of his sons, and moved into town, where now he enjoys the comforts rendered possible by judicious industry in the past. Licking County, Ohio, is Mr. Foster's native home, and December 8, 1832, the date of his birth. His father, Israel Foster, was born in Virginia about 1796 of English parentage and received an excellent education in the best schools of the Old Dominion. Early in life he removed to Ohio and there married Esther Steinmetz, a native of Pennsylvania and a member of an old German family. From Ohio they came to Illinois November 7, 1838, and settled in what is now Orange Township, Clark County, where Israel Foster entered 360 acres of Government land. April 14, 1841, the family circle was broken by the death of the mother. Her body was the first buried in Butternut Church cemetery, now one of the largest cemeteries in Clark County, but then an unbroken expanse of the forest. The death of the father occurred March 16, 1847, and his body was interred beside the remains of his wife in the country churchyard. After the death of his father Dennis Foster went to Jasper County and made his home with Captain William Lemon. During 1855 he hired out to T. W. Hall of Janesville, Wis., with whom he took a drove of cattle from Casey to Monroe, Green County, Wis., making the trip in about two weeks. On his return to Illinois he engaged in herding cattle and made his home with Captain Lemon. During the spring of 1856 he bought four horses which he took to Woodford County, Ill., and sold them there, after which he remained in that county until fall and worked on a farm. On returning to Jasper County he assisted Captain Lemon for a time. During the summer of 1857 he was a member of a company that drove 500 head of cattle through to Minnesota and sold the drove there, and then returned to Illinois. January 31, 1858, he was united in marriage with Francisca Slusser, a sister of the Slusser brothers, well known residents of Casey Township. Mrs. Foster was born in Stark County, Ohio, January 15, 1838, of German ancestry. Shortly after his marriage Mr. Foster settled upon his farm of 150 acres lying eight miles south of Casey and here he soon became extensively engaged in general farming. However, when the war broke out he dropped his private affairs in order to serve the cause of the Union, and December 2, 1861, he was accepted as a private in Company G, Fifty-fourth Illinois Infantry, with which he went to the front and participated in numerous engagements, notably the siege of Vicksburg, where he remained from the 2nd of June until the 20th of July. At the expiration of his time, August 13, 1864, he was honorably discharged from the service. On returning home he resumed farm pursuits, which he carried forward with unabated zeal and increasing success during the ensuing years, and eventually retired with a gratifying competency as a result of his labors. Fraternally he holds membership with the Masons and politically always has voted with the Republican party. At one time he filled the office of Justice of the Peace but as a rule he has declined political and other offices. Concerning the children of Dennis Foster we note the following: Alice was born March26, 1860, and died May 3, 1893; Harry was born December 18, 1865, and died August 16, 1878; John was born October 8, 1868, and now engages in farming on the old homestead; Katie was born March 14, 1870, and died September 24, 1900; Homer was born September 10, 1873, and now is employed as a railway mail clerk; the twins, Fred and Frank, were born August 2, 1877, the latter being now a resident of Moriah, while the former is associated with his brother John in the management of the old homestead.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FOSTER, Frank, engaged in the hotel and livery business at Moriah, Clark County, is one of the leading men of that growing little town. He was born in Johnson Township August 2, 1877, the son of Dennis and Frances (Slusser) Foster, both of his parents being natives of Stark County, Ohio. Frank was reared on his father's farm in the township named, obtained a fair education by attending its common schools, and continued as an agriculturist until the spring of 1906, when he moved to Moriah with his wife and engaged in the line of business which he has brought to a prosperous condition. He still owns the farm, which he formerly operated, and is now considered a well-to-do and progressive young man. His business prospects have been particularly bright since the oil boom commenced in his locality, with the consequent influx of new comers and the building up of the village of Moriah. On April 7, 1901, Frank Foster was united in marriage with Miss Belle Weaver, daughter of Lewis and Adaline (Smith) Weaver, her parents being both natives of Clark County and well known and highly respected people therein. Mrs. Foster was born in Johnson Township, this county, September 1, 1881, being of a family of six children.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FOX, Charles Riley.-It is significant of the attractions of Clark County, the fertility of its soil and the possibilities of success therein to be achieved, that the sons of our pioneers to a large extent have remained within the region where their fathers gained their first successes; or, if accident or inclination takes them to other parts of the country, not a few of them return to establish themselves permanently in the vicinity of their early associations. Such has been the case with Charles Riley Fox, who was born and reared in this county, and in young manhood became fascinated by possibilities dreamed of in the far West and went to California to secure a start for himself. However, a residence in that State of considerable duration did not prove sufficiently satisfactory to induce him to remain, and we find him now settled in the county where his early life was passed. Elsewhere in this volume will be found a sketch of Joel B. Fox and mention of the family history. Charles Riley Fox is a son of Joel V. Fox, and was born in Wabash Township, Clark County, Ill., January 30, 1879. In boyhood he was a pupil in neighboring schools and was given by his father an opportunity to attend college, but he preferred to devote himself immediately to agricultural pursuits and has never regretted his decision in that regard. After the death of his father, which occurred February 2, 1894, he left the old home and tried his fortune on the Pacific coast, settling in Butte County, Cal., where he became manager of a large estate owned by John Crouch, formerly of Clark County. Nine years were passed in California, at the expiration of which time he returned to Clark County to establish a permanent home. The marriage of Mr. Fox took place March 11, 1903, and united him with Eliza Blanche Oaks, who was born in Clay County, Ill., June 25, 1882, coming to Clark County about one year later with her parents, William H. and Elizabeth A. (Swim) Oaks. Her father was born in Vigo County, Ind., August 12, 1856, and her mother was born in Clark County, Ill., March 7, 1857, being the youngest child of Vincent and Eliza (Bush) Swim, natives of Licking County, Ohio. The former was born August 15, 1828, and the latter was born April 25, 1827, and died November 11, 1859, and were of German extraction. The paternal grandfather of Mrs. Fox was a native of Vigo County, Ind., while her paternal grandmother, who bore the maiden name of Jane Kirby, was a native of Vigo County, Ind., and of English descent. For a year after marriage Mr. and Mrs. Fox made their home in California, but then returned to their old home and settled on a farm nine miles southeast of Casey, where they own eighty acres bought from John Foster. The land lies within the oil belt and now has four wells, said to be among the best producers in the district. While at no time deeply interested in political questions and displaying in his disposition none of the partisanship regrettably noticeable among many politicians, it must not be inferred that Mr. Fox is lacking in patriotic spirit or deficient in intelligent devotion to the nation's welfare. On the contrary, he manifests a desire to see the present national prosperity continued until ours shall be the wealthiest Government in the world and its people the most contented and prosperous. In general elections he votes the Democratic ticket. The Christian Church, of which his wife has been a member since the age of fifteen years, receives his generous support and its missionary movements are benefited by his contributions. Both he and his wife are identified with Rebekah Lodge, No. 285, of which she is a charter member, and in addition he long has been actively associated with Hazel Dell Lodge, No. 410, I. O. O. F.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FOX, Joel V.-The late Joel V. Fox was an honest, earnest man, of limited education, who so thoroughly believed in the nobility and saving-grace of labor that he considered the greatest gift which he could offer a man was the chance to do some useful work. In this sense he was truly a public benefactor; and it is said that no one person in Johnson Township gave so much employment to poor people as Joel V. Fox. If a possible thing he would give them work; if they were needy and unable to labor no man was more prompt to relieve them by unostentatious deed of charity. He was a practical Christian, and as industrious himself as he was earnest and kindhearted in his preaching of the benefits of industry to others. The deceased was a native of Indiana, born in Putnam County February 8, 1845, the son of Dr. Franklin Fox, a Pennsylvanian, and Melinda (Mass) Fox, of Missouri. Notwithstanding the prefix, or title, to his name, his father was a good, honest farmer during the most of his life. The family is of German descent and partakes of the most substantial traits of that nationality. Joel V. Fox removed from his native Indiana home to Clark County in 1869, being then about fourteen years of age, and resided within its limits, industrious, helpful, peaceable and a peace-maker, and affectionately honored for a quarter of a century. He received most of his education in the public schools of Putnam County, Ind., before he came to this county, and quite early in his business career here engaged in the lumber business and the raising of livestock. He developed these lines to such proportions as to become the generous employer of labor already noted. He was twice elected a Justice of the Peace of Johnson Township, and his wide acquaintance, with the favor in which he was universally held, made his services in this office of great value to the community. He died during his second term, February 27, 1894. He was always a Democrat, but it was not his nature to be a bitter partisan. On April 28, 1890, in Clay County, Ind., Mr. Fox married Miss Margaret V. Weaver, a native of the county named, born May 5, 1849. Her father, John Weaver, was born in Virginia March 4, 1806, and her mother was also a native of the Old Dominion. Her parents, who were both reared in Virginia, came to Clay County, Ind., in 1837, and both died in Indiana in 1880, the mother, January 28th, and the father, in August. Mr. Weaver was a successful farmer and stockman, and had a family of eleven children, six of whom are still living. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Joel V Fox were as follows: J. A., December 16, 1873 G. F., March 28, 1876; C. R., January 30, 1879 H. M., May 31, 1881; Nora A., August 26, 1885 R. A., October 21, 1888; Arminda J., December 2, 1871 married John Foster September 21, 1890, had five children, and died April 4, 1906; an infant son, August 22, 1884, died September 16, 1884.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FREDENBERGER, John W.-Farming, school teaching and office holding have thus far enlisted the energy of John W. Fredenberger, an energetic and promising Republican, and the present Clerk of Clark County. Mr. Fredenberger was born in Auburn Township, Clark County, Ill., May 11, 1873, and is the oldest of the nine children of George and Sarah A. (Bierhaum) Fredenberger, the former of whom was born in Auburn Township, July 31, 1848, and the latter in Marion County, Ind., May 6, 1850. The parents were farmers and stock-raisers during their active lives, and made Auburn Township their home until retiring to Marshall in 1903. The father died January 23, 1907, but the mother still is living. Of the children of this couple, Flora M., an infant, died May 18, 1882; Edward W. lives on the home place in Auburn Township; Mary A. Washburn lives in Parker Township, Clark County; and Emma L., Harry L., Carrie V., Nettie H. and Ruth E. live with their parents. The excellent education of John W. Fredenberger is due largely to his pluck and ability to overcome obstacles. After completing the training in the public schools of Auburn Township, he attended Westfield College for one year, during that time completing the first year's work of the normal course. In all, he taught about seven terms in the country schools, alternating the same with courses of study in different institutions. From the beginning of his voting days he was stanchly on the side of the Republican party, and had the kind of energy necessary to make himself a force in local party undertakings. He was elected County Clerk November 4, 1902, and succeeded himself to the same office November 6, 1906. In 1900 he was appointed Census Enumerator of Auburn Township. Mr. Fredenberger is prominent in fraternal circles, and is a member of the Knights of Pythias and Modern Woodmen of America. He joined the latter in December, 1905, and besides his present office of Commander, has held all other offices within the gift of the lodge, including Master at Arms and Prelate. He became a member of the Woodmen in June, 1902. In Marshall Township, September 25, 1901, Mr. Fredenberger married Daisy D., daughter of M. J. and Caroline Miller, the former of whom was born in West Virginia, April 6, 1834, and the latter in New Jersey, March 26, 1846. Mrs. Fredenberger is the youngest of five children, and was born in the town of Marshall, January 31, 1878. She herself is the mother of the following children: Glenn E., born in Auburn Township, July 22, 1902; Helen C, born in Marshall, August 23, 1904; and George B., born in Marshall, June 1, 1906. Mrs. Fredenberger is a member of the United Brethren Church, of which her husband is a generous contributor. The couple are popular in a large circle of friends, and represent the general worth upon which rests the best welfare of communities.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FUNK, John.-From the time of his arrival in Clark County, about the close of the Civil War until his death many years later, John Funk held a place among the most progressive and substantial agriculturists of his locality. Coming to the State with limited means, he surmounted countless obstacles, reared a large family and assisted each of the children in securing a start in the world, in addition to which he left a competency for his widow, sufficient to surround her declining years with the comforts of existence. To accomplish results so noteworthy, a man necessarily must possess energy, industry and sagacity, and these traits were prominent among Mr. Funk's characteristics. Discouragements did not daunt his ardor nor did hardships weaken his courage. When he settled in the county he bought forty acres of partly improved land in Casey Township, where he put up a log cabin as a shelter for his wife and children. The little cabin remained their home for seven years, at the expiration of which time he erected a more substantial house, and eventually, in l886, he had the pleasure of superintending the erection of a commodious frame residence on the original forty-acre tract. Meanwhile he had increased his holdings until at his death he owned 250 acres of land in Casey and Johnson Townships. Of the estate 100 acres, together with the residence, were left to Mrs. Funk, and the balance was divided among the children. Owing to the fact that the property lies in the oil district its value is much greater than if available for farming only, and unquestionably at no distant day the estate will command a large price. Three dates stand out pre-eminently in a record of the life of John Funk, viz.: his birth in Perry County, Ohio, October 22, 1835, a son of David and Keziah Funk, natives of the same county; his marriage April 8, 1858, to Amanda Jane Shaw, the ceremony being solemnized in Hocking County, Ohio, by Elder John Parker; and his death, August 28, 1899, at his residence in Casey Township, Clark County, Ill. During the early period of his residence in Illinois the environment was that of the frontier, and he was foremost among the workers who were striving to evolve order out of chaos, civilization out of pioneer surroundings. Perhaps in no respect were his services more valuable than in the building of the roads. For several terms he served as road master and his work in that capacity was faithfully performed and fruitful of good results. Many of the early roads were laid out and graded under his supervision, and he was ever ready to sacrifice his own interests in the effort to benefit the community. Another office which he filled zealously was that of School Director. From the organization of the Republican party until his death he voted the ticket and championed its principles. Patriotic and loyal in his devotion to the Union, he proved his spirit by serving throughout the Civil War, in which he enlisted from Ohio at the beginning of the struggle and served in the vicinity of the national headquarters at the capital until peace was declared. Identified with Masonry, he was a firm advocate of the principles of brotherly kindness and charity which the order represented, and in his upright life and philanthropic acts he exemplified its teachings. There were thirteen children in the family of John Funk, but four died in infancy. The second child, Emma F., married William Mc-Daniel, of Clark County, and died at the age of thirty-nine years, leaving four children, Nellie, John, Ira, and Eddie. The eldest son, Washington C. was born in Ohio and now lives in Casey, Ill.; by his marriage to Ella Lindsey, of Martinsville, he has five children, Lillie, Charles, Maude, Daisy, and Irene. The second son, Franklin C. was born in Ohio and now engages in farming in Johnson Township, Clark County; by his marriage to Mamie Hillard, of Casey, he has seven children, namely: Eldie, Goldie, Rowley, May, John, Ernest and Hattie. The fourth child, Reuben, was the first of the family born in Illinois, where he now farms his own land in Casey Township, Clark County. By his first wife, who was Emma Pears, he had one child, Etta. Three years after the death of his first wife he married Flora Sharp, a native of Clark County, and by that union he has three children, Clarence, Merle and Edgar. The fifth of the children, Lucy C. married Timothy A. Beasley, whose sketch appears elsewhere in this volume. They are the parents of seven children, namely: Dessa May, Flossie J., Myrtie M., Zonie Nell, Madge Amanda, Cecil Maria and T. Alta. The sixth of the family, Hattie, married William A. Shute, concerning who mention is made on another page of this work; they have three children, Jessie, John, and Amanda. The seventh of the family, Jesse, married Pearl List, of Clark County. They have one son, Wayne, and reside on a farm in Johnson Township. The eight member of the family is Allen, who married Goldie Swim and resides in Johnson Township. The others of the children, as previously mentioned, are deceased. The family adheres to the Protestant faith. The sons and daughters have established positions of honor in the community and are respected for uprightness of character and progressive spirit, as well as for the geniality of temperament and courtesy and tact that come to them as an inheritance from their parents.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell

FUQUA, Clayborn.-A well balanced brain, great capacity for industry, and more than average practicability and good judgment contributed to the success of Clinton Fuqua, who, during his active life in Clark County was known as a farmer, stock-raiser and buyer, merchant and banker. Mr. Fuqua arose from humble beginnings, and at the outset of his independent career had only such advantages as he had been able to purchase with grit and determination. He was born in Kentucky, May 2, 1835, and in the Bourbon State were born also his parents, William and Eliza Fuqua. In him the thrift and resourcefulness of French forefathers was not diminished, and he had also a goodly share of that Gallic effervescence and cheer of outlook which smooth's rough places and makes light of the obstacles of life. The Fuqua family was established early in Clark County, and on the paternal farm young Clayborn was trained in the science of agriculture during the summer months, in the winter time pursuing his studies in the district schools, and later in the high school at Westfield. In time he became a land owner on a small scale, invested increasingly in high grade stock, and raised large quantities of grain. With the aid of his wife, who formerly was Sarah Cartwright, a native of Coles County and born February 22, 1835, he lived well within his means, and by degrees laid by a competence for a rainy day. The Cartwright's were among the pioneers of Coles County, coming from Tennessee, where were born eleven and Sarah (Pike) Cartwright, parents of Mrs. Fuqua. Mr. Cartwright was a distant kinsman of Peter Cartwright, the famous pioneer preacher. Mr. Fuqua's prosperity increased rapidly, and in time he owned twelve hundred acres of land in the county, besides his large town holdings. About 1875 Mr. Fuqua came to Casey, and from then, until his death, May 2, 1900, took a prominent part in the commercial and social life of the community. He had acquired large experience of both business and mankind, and had the means necessary for a broadly helpful career. Not only did he engage in banking in Casey, but he was a stock-holder of the bank at Charleston, Coles County. He was a merchant on a scale commensurate with the needs of the community, and in connection with his farm, which he still owned, and which he operated with the aid of a tenant, promoted the stock raising and selling industry for many years. His realty holding in the town were large, and he erected many of its finest buildings. Politically, Mr. Fuqua was a Republican, and active in local party undertakings. He was a devout member of the Christian Church, and contributed to it as well as to many charitable and benevolent enterprises, with rare generosity. The large debt on the Christian Church was entirely paid off by him, and the day of the transaction there was quite a demonstration, when Mr. Fuqua burned the outstanding notes in the presence of the entire congregation. Mr. and Mrs. Fuqua were the parents of five sons and three daughters: Henry Webster, deceased; Owen C.; Early Houston, deceased; James Oscar; Eliza Ellen, wife of Philip Peters, of Casey; Leota, wife of M. W. Ruckle, of Casey; Otis, deceased; and Dova. Encouragement for those less fortunate arises from the career of this honored man, who first of all was a farmer, a lover of nature, and a believer in nature's goodness to the toilers of earth; and who, because of an unbroken ambition and continued capacity for affairs, spent his later days in the pursuits equally important and responsible, but of a nature to permit an enjoyment of the greater luxuries and refinements of life.
Transcribed and Contributed by Kim Dupell


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