History & Genealogy of
Jefferson
Cook County, IL


LOCATION:

Jefferson Park is a neighborhood located 10 miles northwest of the Loop and is nicknamed "Gateway to Chicago". It was founded as an independent township in 1850, then annexed by Chicago in 1889. Today it is a predominantly middle-class neighborhood with a thriving Polish-American community.

NAMED AFTER:

President Thomas Jefferson

ORIGINAL SETTLERS/PROMINENT PEOPLE/IMPORTANT DATES:

Indian trails were already well traveled by traders and hunters when John Kinzie Clark built his cabin in the early 1830s.

By 1836: a hotel had been erected, a school district established, and farmers, mostly English, had settled

1850: Jefferson Township formed

1855: The village of Jefferson was platted near Milwaukee Ave and Higgins Road

1872: The town of Jefferson was incorporated

1884: The area became known as Jefferson Park.

1889: The town of Jefferson was annexed by Chicago

NEIGHBORHOODS

Gladstone Park is a neighborhood in the northern section of the Jefferson Park community area of Chicago, Illinois. It is centered at the large intersection of Northwest Highway and Central, Milwaukee, and Foster Avenues.


INTERESTING HISTORICAL FACTS:

The community long has been an important transportation link and hub. Farmers traveling to and from the city often stopped to water their horses, pick up supplies, or rest. In 1855 a resident recorded that the town consisted of approximately 50 buildings

In 1884 an estimated 500 persons lived in Jefferson Township with most incoming residents being Polish and German immigrants.


History .....

DUNNING/COOK COUNTY HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE/POOR HOUSE

In 1847, a Chicago physician built a private retreat for the insane just north of the city, and in 1854, when the county moved its almshouse to a site known as “Dunning” 12 miles northwest of the city, an asylum was among the buildings constructed. Authorities transferred this asylum, the Cook County Hospital for the Insane, to the care of the state of Illinois in 1912, and the name changed to Chicago State Hospital.


Cook County Cemetery at Dunning - 1854

An institutional cemetery was established on this site in 1854 on land that was a part of the 20-acre Cook County Poor Farm. Buried here are as many as 38,000 people including children, inmates of the poor house and insane asylum, 117 victims of the Chicago Fire of 1871, and Civil War veterans.

Often referred to as the County Ground, Cook County Farm Cemetery, Cemetery at Jefferson, or Poor House Cemetery, it was renamed Chicago State Hospital Cemetery in 1912.


Census.....

1880 Mortality Census

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