State of Illinois Cumberland County On this 26th day of July AD 1872, personally appeared before me, a clerk of the Circuit Court, it being (?) Court of Record in and for the County and State aforesaid, Martha Dever , a resident of Cumberland County and State of Illinois who having duly sworn according to law, declares that she is the widow of Jesse Dever, who served the full period of sixty days in the military service of the United States in the War of 1812, and who was the identical Jesse Dever who enlisted as a volunteer in Captain Henry Hunter’s company of Tennessee volunteers regiment. He enlisted sometime in the Fall of 1812 or 1813 in the Tennessee volunteers and after a service of three months he was honorably discharged at or near Knoxville or Kingston in Tennessee. Said soldier was among the volunteers that went to open (?) a road through the then Indian Territory and to guard the same so that the American Army could (?) down to New Orleans. Declarant states that she does not recall any other historical event connected with the service of her late husband but does remember that he made application and received land warrants under several (?) granting land warrants to soldiers in the war of 1812, and that she was married under the name Martha Cane to said Jesse Dever on or about the 16th day of December AD 1806 by John Lince, Esq., a justice of the peace in Calborne County - State of Tennessee, there being no legal barrier to such marriage. That her said husband died at Monroe County State of Indiana on the 7th day of June AD 1860 and that she has not remarried since his death, that at no time during the late rebellion against the authority of the United States did she or her said husband adhere to the cause of the enemies of the government, giving then aid or comfort or exercise the functions of any office whatever under any authority or pretend authority in hostility to the United States. That she will support the Constitution of the United States, that she is not in receipt of a pension under any previous act. That she makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the pension rolls of the United States under the provisions of the act approved February 14th 1871. She hereby constitutes and appoints D.B. Green of Majority Point, Cumberland County, Illinois her true and lawful attorney to prosecute her claim, and obtain the pension certificate that may be issued. That her post office address and place of residence is Majority Point, Cumberland County, Illinois. Signed in the presence of Clinton Woods Sarah A Carter Martha Dever, her mark “X” Also personally appeared Clinton Woods and Sarah A Carter both residents of Cumberland County - State of Illinois, (?) whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit and who being by me duly sworn according to law say they were present and saw Martha Dever sign her name to the foregoing declaration by making her mark and they have every reason to believe from the appearance of said claimant and their acquaintance with her that she is the identical person she represents herself to be and at no time during the late rebellion against the authority of the United States did she or her said husband adhere to the cause of the enemies of the government or give them aid or comfort, and defendants further state that they have no interest in this claim, present or prospective, nor concerned in its prosecution in any way, and their post office address is Majority Point, Cumberland, Illinois. Clinton Woods Sarah A Carter (?) and sworn to before me and I hereby certify that the declarant Martha Dever and Clinton Woods and Sarah A Carter are all personally known to me, and the declarant is the person she represents herself to be and the above declaration was read over and fully explained (?) and the above affidavit of witnesses was read over and fully explained to them before signing and Clinton Woods and Sarah A Carter above name witnesses are respectable and entitled to full faith and credit in all their statements and I have no interest in this claim present or prospective, nor concerned in its prosecution in any way. In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name and affixed the Seal of my office the day and year first above written. Edwin S Norfolk Clerk of the Circuit Court
Martha Dever's statement about her husband's military service in the War of 1812 (part of her pension application)
State of Illinois Cumberland County On this 18th day of January AD 1873 personally appeared before me a Clerk of the Circuit Court it being a Court of Record in and for the County and State aforesaid, Martha Dever, resident of the county of Cumberland and State of Illinois, who after being by me duly sworn made the following Statement, to wit, that she is illiterate and never could read or write and has to rely entirely on her memory for her statements, and she now remembered that her husband Jesse Dever enlisted in Claiborn County County in East Tennessee in Captain Henry Hunter’s Company of Tennessee Volunteers, and she remembers that her husband wrote her a letter when he got to Knoxville Tennessee and she further remembers that he wrote her another letter from a place designated by him as the Hickory Ground and when he came home out of the service he told her that he had been engaged part of the time cutting a road through the (?Bherasha) Nation for the American Army to pass down to New Orleans, and he was kept guarding the road at or near the place called Hickory Ground until after the battle at New Orleans, when the war was closed and he was sent to Kingston where he was discharged. She does not now remember the names of any other places that her husband was at, but does remember that her husband gave the names of several other places that he was at during his service. She also states that she remembers that her husband’s Captain Henry Hunter many years afterward came to their house and she heard him and her husband talk of being in the service together and heard them talk of the route they took and the different places they (?) at. And she distinctly remembers that her husband received land warrant or land warrants at two different times and she had each warrant in her hands, but being unable to read to read she has no knowledge of the number of either warrant nor of the number of acres they called for. Declarant further states that she knows of no person living now to whom she could refer for any detailed statement of her husband’s service, all who knew anything about it having died or removed beyond her knowledge.
Signed in the presence of Clayton Woods Sarah A Carter
Martha Dever, her mark “X”
Subscribed to and sworn to before me and I hereby certify that Martha Dever is personally known to me, and all her statements are entitled to full faith and credit, and I have no interest in the prosecution of this claim present or prospective, and this above affidavit was read and fully explained to her before signing. In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name and affixed the seal of my office the day and year first above written. Andrew Carson Clerk of the Circuit Court
Letter about Martha Dever
(Letter Head / Stationary) Office of the Circuit Clerk and Recorder of Cumberland Co IL, Andrew Carson, Clerk Majority Point, Jan 18, 1873 JH Baker (?) Washington DC
Dear This applicant is now almost 85 years old and very feeble and she does not remember any one living that can tell anything about her husbands land warrants and if it is possible to allow it up this evidence do. She is perfectly destitute of means and if it (could / cumat) be allowed soon there is danger of her going to the county almshouse. She has been the mother of ten children out lived all of them but two and they all lived to raise large families. All however poor and in indigent circumstances.
Yours Truely (?) Blseen Claim Agent Majority Point, Illinois
Martha Dever's proof as to JESSE DEVER's (A.K.A. JESSE TATE) identity
State of IL Cumberland Co: On this 18th day of June AD 1873 personally appeared before me, a clerk of the circuit court .... MARTHA DEVER who after being by me duly sworn on her oath made the following statement to wit: That she is the identical MARTHA DEVER who made an application for widows pension under act of Feb 14, AD 1871, Claim #9176 and received circular requiring parole evidence about 4 Apr 1873. Since which she has written to her relatives and old neighbors but finds that all of her old neighbors that knew of or could tell about the enlistment of her husband JESSE DEVER in the War of 1812 have either died or removed so that she is not able to find any of them except one Jane Baruff who was then a young girl and is now about 68 or 9 years old. And (?) and further states that as a reason for her husband’s name not appearing on the rolls of his Co., he may have been enrolled under and by the name JESSE TATE he being the step-son of old Garrison TATE, his mother having married Tate when he was a very small child. And the said Jesse Dever being always as well known by the name of Jesse Tate as by Jesse Dever, and I would say that once the question has been resolved this declarant is inclined to think that her husband the said Jesse Dever did have to make some proof as to his identity when he drew his land warrants but she remembers distantly that he drew his land warrants for his service in the War of 1812, and Declarant says if it is required she can (?) show by several witnesses that her husband Jesse Dever was as well known all his life by the name of Jesse Tate as that of Jesse Dever and her post office address is Majority Point, Cumberland County, Illinois. Signed in presence of (?) Martha Dever her mark “X”
Henry W Williams Subscribed and sworn to before me and on the same day and at the same time personally appeared Jane Baruff who after being by me duly sworn made the following statement. That she is aged about 69 years and has been personally acquainted with Martha Dever about 60 years and was well acquainted with Jesse Dever both before his enlistment in the war of 1812 and since he returned home up to the days of his death and she will remember said Jesse Dever enlisted in the Tennessee Volunteers but does not remember the exact date of his enlistment. She further states that the said Jesse Dever was the Step Son of one Garrison Tate, who has long since departed this life, and was always known and called while a young man Jesse Tate, and was as well known during all his life by the name Jesse Tate - as that of Jessie Daver and (?) further states that she well remembers that said soldier a land warrant or warrants for his service in the War of 1812 and she further states that she has no (?) in this claim of which this is determined (?) nor concerned in any way in its (?) (?) whom present or (?) and her post office address is Majority Point, Cumberland County, Illinois.
Signed in presence of (?) Jane Baruff, her mark “X” Henry W Williams
Subscribed and sworn to before me and I hereby certify that Martha
Dever and Jane Baruff are both respectable women and all
their statements are entitled a full (?) and credit, and the above
affidavits were read over to them and the contents thereof fully
explained before (?) and I have no interest in this claim of which this
is additional evidence present or prospective nor concerned its (?) in
any way. In witness whereof I have (?) signed my name and affixed my
official seal the day and year first above written. Andrew Carson
Clerk of the Circuit Court