Effingham County, Illinois
Genealogy and History
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County Information

Effingham County - was cut off from Fayette County and separately organized in 1831. Named for Gen. Edward Effingham. It is situated in the central portion of the State, 62 miles northeast of St. Louis; has an area of 490 square miles and a population in 1900 of 20,465.

T.M. Short, I. Fanchon and William I. Hawkins were the first County commissioners. Effingham, the county-seat, was platted by Messrs. Alexander and Little in 1854. Messrs. Gillenwater, Hawkins and Brown were among the earliest settlers. Several lines of railway cross the county. Agriculture and sheep-raising are leading industries, wool being one of the principal products.
"Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois, 1901"


Two theories exist as to how Effingham got its name. In the first, the community was named for an investor in the Illinois Central railroad. The second has the town named in honor of Lord Effingham, a British noble, who resigned his military commission rather than fight against the colonies during the Revolutionary War.
Today Effingham is called the “Crossroads to Opportunity” due to the close proximity of I-57, I-70, and US Route 40
(From the National Road Association of Illinois)

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 Effingham County Data

Birth Notices in Newspapers


- Miscellaneous Biographies
Biographies listed in the 1910 Effingham Co. History
Biographies listed in the 1887 Effingham County History




Towns and Place names

Marriage Notices: 1875 - 1878 - 1879






Website Updates:
Jun 2015:  obits for Conrad C. Boos, C.H. Constable, Roscoe L. Dunlap, George H. Page, Mildred Eva Reuter



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Effingham County Courthouse
100 E. Jefferson Avenue / Effingham, IL 62401
(217) 342-4065

Effingham County Clerk
P.O. Box 628
Effingham, IL 62401-0628
(217) 342-6535

Effingham County Records are available through Illinois Regional Archives Depository [IRAD]
Mailing address:


Eastern Illinois University,
Booth Library, 600 Lincoln Ave,
Charleston, IL 61920
(217) 581-6093

They will take phone calls, but not email. Copy charges are nominal....10 cents a page (with a minimum charge of $1.00) and they will bill you (so don't send them $ in your first letter). The interns who work there are usually pretty quick in responding.

Visit the Surrounding County Websites......

[Shelby] [Cumberland] [Clay]

Fayette] [Jasper] [Richland]

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