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General County Information
Effingham County - was cut off from Fayette County and separately organized in 1831.
Named for Gen. Edward Effingham. It is situated in the central portion of the State, 62 miles northeast of St.
Louis; has an area of 490 square miles and a population in 1900 of 20,465.
T.M. Short, I. Fanchon and William I. Hawkins were the first County commissioners. Effingham, the county-seat,
was platted by Messrs. Alexander and Little in 1854. Messrs. Gillenwater, Hawkins and Brown were among the earliest
settlers. Several lines of railway cross the county. Agriculture and sheep-raising are leading industries, wool
being one of the principal products. "Historical Encyclopedia
of Illinois, 1901"
Two theories exist as to how Effingham got its name. In the first, the community was named for an investor in the
Illinois Central railroad. The second has the town named in honor of Lord Effingham, a British noble, who resigned
his military commission rather than fight against the colonies during the Revolutionary War.
Today Effingham is called the “Crossroads to Opportunity” due to the close proximity of I-57, I-70, and US Route
40 (From the National Road Association
Effingham County Online Data
Effingham County Records are available through
Illinois Regional Archives Depository [IRAD]
Eastern Illinois University,
Booth Library, 600 Lincoln Ave,
Charleston, IL 61920
They will take phone calls, but not email. Copy charges are nominal....10
cents a page (with a minimum charge of $1.00) and they will bill you (so don't send them $ in your first letter).
The interns who work there are usually pretty quick in responding.
Effingham County Courthouse
100 E. Jefferson Avenue / Effingham, IL 62401
Effingham County Clerk
P.O. Box 628
Effingham, IL 62401-0628
Effingham County Genealogical & Historical Society
P.O. Box 1166
Effingham, Il 62401
Effingham's Public Library:
Helen Matthes Library
100 E. Market Ave.
Effingham, IL 62401-3499
City of Effingham Official Website
Effingham County History
Data Found At Illinois Genealogy Trails' Main
Genealogy Trails Military Data - Includes Revolutionary, War of 1812, Civil
War, Korean, WWII
....Illinois Genealogy Trails
Census - Includes Census data currently online for all of our counties
....Illinois State Data - Includes History, Maps, Convict Register Project and more!
....Illinois Events - Includes History of Slavery, Epidemics and more!
Return To The Illinois Genealogy Trails
County Selection Page:
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to this website and our other county websites.
Many thanks to former host Judy Edwards for all her work on this
Visit the Surrounding County Websites......
[Shelby] [Cumberland] [Clay] [Fayette] [Jasper] [Richland]
This website was updated in December 2011
Visitors since May 1, 2005:
©2001-2011, Illinois Genealogy Trails
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quoted or retransmitted without a full citation to the author, and may not be put into print -- in whole or part
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