The Battle of Fort Donelson


The Gun-Boat Attack of the Water Batteries at Fort Donelson
[Courtesy of The Department of the Navy, Navy Historical Center http://history.navy.mil]


The Battle of Fort Donelson was fought from February 11 to February 16, 1862, in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. The capture of the fort by Union forces opened the Cumberland River as an avenue of invasion of the South and elevated Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant from an obscure and largely unproven leader to the rank of major general, earning him the nickname "Unconditional Surrender" Grant in the process.

The battle followed the capture of Fort Henry on February 6. Grant moved his army 12 miles overland to Fort Donelson on February 12 through February 13 and conducted several small probing attacks. On February 14, U.S. Navy gunboats under Flag Officer Andrew H. Foote attempted to reduce the fort with naval gunfire, but were forced to withdraw after sustaining heavy damage from Donelson's water batteries.

On February 15, with their fort surrounded, the Confederates, commanded by Brig. Gen. John B. Floyd, launched a surprise attack against Grant's army, attempting to open an avenue of escape. Grant, who was away from the battlefield at the start of the attack, arrived to rally his men and counterattack. Despite achieving a partial success, Floyd lost his nerve and recalled his men back into their entrenchments.

On the morning of February 16, Floyd and his second-in-command, Brig. Gen. Gideon J. Pillow, both turned over their command to Brig. Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner, who agreed to unconditional surrender terms from Grant.

Nearly 1,000 soldiers on both sides had been killed, with about 3,000 wounded still on the field; some froze to death in the snowstorm, many Union soldiers having thrown away their blankets and coats. Union losses were 2,691 (507 killed, 1,976 wounded, 208 captured/missing), Confederate 13,846 (327 killed, 1,127 wounded, 12,392 captured/missing)

Over 7,000 Confederate prisoners of war were eventually transported from Fort Donelson to Camp Douglas in Chicago; others were sent elsewhere throughout the North. Buckner was held as a Union prisoner until he was exchanged in August.
The capture of Forts Henry and Donelson were the first significant Union victories in the war and opened two great rivers as avenues of invasion to the heartland of the South.

The site of the battle has been preserved by the National Park Service as Fort Donelson National Battlefield
The main unit of the park, in Dover, Tennessee, commemorates the Battle of Fort Donelson. Fort Heiman in nearby Calloway County, Kentucky, was a Confederate battery in the Battle of Fort Henry. Fort Donelson National Cemetery, at 15.34 acres, contains 670 Union dead, reinterred in 1867. There are also numerous veterans from later wars.
[Various sources, including wikipedia.org, nps.gov, newspaper accounts of the time]



There were many Illinois and Indiana soldiers in this battle.
View Indiana Casualties

Illinois Casualties

Following are the names of the Illinois casualties as reported in the New York Times on March 3, 1862:

Eighth Illinois Regiment
Company A
Killed - 7
Michael Mathews
Geo. J. Leach
Robt. F. Harvey
William I. Jefferson
Andrew Jones
Benj. Jones
Hezekiah Whitaker

Wounded - 21;
Second Lieut. Benj. F. Monroe, Wm. A. Bullard, Chas Henderson, S.D. Bullington, Wm. C, Dunnivan, Jas. S. Easton, Wm. W. Estes, Andrew J. Flory, Jno. F. Greer, James Hudson, Joseph Hess, Ernest Hotz, Wm. Hatchett, J.H. Kinkleman, J.C. McDaniels, Chas. Mosher, Ellis Markell, R.F. Paine, H.B. Stevenson, J.H. Bacon, W.F. Pope

Company B.
Killed - 6
Second Lieut. H.J. Marsh
Jacob Kibler, John W. Priest, G.W. Gardenhier, Fred. Miller, Amos Dunham

Wounded - 14
First Lieut. John M. Lowery, Benj. F. Snow, Charles Albert, Chris. Kreps, John C. Seiter, John M. Beck, Andrew Mills, Jacob Lankenman, Joshua Jamison, Dayton Dunham, Jacob Groosh, Wm. Becker, Thos. McGorrey, Henry Wardner

Company C
Killed - 6
John Racord, Chas. Cox, Colby Turner, John Sutherland, John F. Balch, John Eskew

Wounded - 24
James Campbell, Sterling Eaton, Harmon D. Lewis, Wm. Little, J. Bailsbeck, Levi Linder, E.S. Carr, A. Turner, E.M, Kellogg, F.D, Plew, G. Potter, G. Boyd, W.S. Kelley, H. Bensley, G. Swinford, I. Hamilton, J.H. Camp, W.B. Camp, G. Wright, R. Rosey, J. Lazanby, J. Carr, W. Ferguson, B. Roseburgh

Company D.
Killed - 3
(sic)
A.M. Robinson, Henry Loss, A.H. Austin, John Cotton

Wounded - 19
Alexander Connover, James P. Campbell, W.H. Kent, Curtiss M. Scott, David Carson, Willson Large, J.F. Lewis, Perry McClannahan, Daniel Osborn, Herbert Reed, James Freeman, Wm. Hogue, Thos. Dever, Henry Davis, John Bullard, James Billings, David Reed, -- Hicks
(sic)

Company E
Killed - 3
Wm. H. Devon, Edgar H. Thompson, Patrick Tully

Wounded - 7
Henry N. Keener, Joseph F. Wilson, John M. Davis, Tristam B. Peck, Henry E. Shearer, John Smith, Howard Young

Company F
Killed - 8
Second Lieut. Daniel A. Sheetz, William H. Howell, F.M. Morgan, J.M. Shilling, Chas E. Hartshorn, Dudley Holmes, James Murphy, Erhart Platte

Wounded - 21
Capt. Joseph M. Hanna (since dead), J.D. Handburg, Robert Brown, A. Brayhill, J.C. Fitzgerald, James Hite, William Hite, Fred. M. Longsmith, R.H. Reed, John Bensell, Benj. F. Hart, James S. Hite, Wilson S. Waters, Thomas B. Waters, Ephraditus Martin, Thomas Mullen, Joseph Schink, Mat. Carroll, Jas. Hill

Company G
Killed - 2
Daniel Owings, John W. Agrew

Wounded - 23
Levi Barber, William H. McFaddens, John S--ianlin, James Cavender, Thos. Gollaher, F.M. Goswell, Thomson Harris, Adam A. Hanlin, John Madigan, James Murray, Walter Decker, W.F, Desson, Perry Foster, John Fulks, James Gibson, Roderick Moore, Joe Moore, David Orton, Silas Perry, William Darvaut, John Tucker

Company H
Killed - 5
T.B. Kaler , F.M. Tuttle, Geo Sales, A.J. Merriman, L.S. Bosticks

Wounded - 27
Henry Akeman, Jas. Broderick, Wm. Rogers, A.C. Allen, Wm. D. Haizlep, W. Ballard, Robert Campbell, James Haley, David Allgood, Wm. C. Whittington, Levi Mayfield, James A. Bateman, Jeptha Ray, Peter Losko, Wm. Brockwood, E.M. Rose, James Fitzgerald, H.S. Rice, H.H. Ballard, J.S.W. Cockran, B.H. Woolsey, Jas. W. Demorest, Jacob Ulrich, John A. Brown, F.M. Mitchell, Robert Mongtomery, A.J. Price

Company I
Killed - 8
Gustavus Kligo, Henry Pfeffer, Adam Brockhardt, Gabriel Huygar, Joseph Kurliner, Dietrick Koppman, Joseph Mayer, William Volkner

Wounded - 20
Capt. Robert Wilson, dangerously; Otto Baum, Albert Abbe, August Fulfs, John Block, Jacob Thomas, Buechele, Daniel Convernish, Tilgroff, Hammer, Kohr, Mond, Nafziver, Pfeiffer, Raigles, Ruttman, Schroder, Sarbian, Trynes, Hills

Company K
Killed - 5
First Lieut. Joseph G. Howell, Thomas Riddle, James W. Drake, Wm. Sunderland, David J. Ritter

Wounded - 12
Second Lieut. Noah W. Dennison, Robert F. Mercer, Jas. N. Bray, Daniel Cox, Jerry D. Greeman, Samuel D. Richards, John A. Smalley, Calvin D. Smith, John C. Reeves, H.H. Baily, John B. Dawson, James Chauncey

Total Killed, 54; wounded 168



Twelfth Illinois
Killed
Thos. F. White, Co. A; Wm. Hineman, Co. A; John P. Patton, Co. A; Walter Davidson, Co A; J.T. Hale, Captain Co. B; Jos Lee, Sergeant Co. B; Chas. Irwin, Corporal Co B; W.H. Atwood Co. B; Wm. Culver, Co. B; Wm. Cumpston Co. B.; Henry Doyle, Co. B; John Wilsey, Co. B; H.P. Parks, Sergeant Co. C; Wm. Lang, Co. C; Tobia Tower, Co. E; Robert C. Roy, Co. G; Wm. N. Brown, Co. G; John Hackett, Co. K; Wm. C. Carpenter, Co. K.

Wounded
(Transcribers Note; The right side of the newspaper cuts off the last few letters of some of the names)
Herman Kummert, Co. A; Jackson Budd, Co. A; Jos. Greenhut, Sergeant Co. A; J.L. Wilson, Corporal, Co. A.; John A. Sheriff, Co. A. Thomas Heneger, Co. A; David King, Sergeant Co. A.; Wm. S. McMillan, Co.A; Stephen S. Spencer, Co B; Daniel Wilbur, Corporal, Co. B; M. ?. Blodgett, Corporal, Co. B; B.K. Harrington, Corporal, Co. B; Henry Harrington, Co. B; A.R. Cun?sion, Co. B; Daniel Baudier, Co. B; John Clove Co B; S.B. Pease, Co. B; Geo Steinbaugh, Co. B Robert Donnelley, Co. B; James McMannes, Co. B, R.M. Dewey, Co. B; Henry Mills, Co. B; Philander Dowd, Co. B; Jacob Stevens, Co. B; J.C. Clin? Co. B; Mortimer Messenger, Co. B; J.Q. Mannis, Co. B; Sidney W. Drake, Co. B; Allen B. Buffington, Co. B; Benjamin West, Co. B; Robert Hall, Co. B; D.W. Moffatt, Co. B; R.V. Chesle Captain, Co. C; Henry Johns, Corporal, Co. C; Wm. M. Johns, Co. C; Thomas Dunn, Co. C; Job? Lynch, Co. C; Thos. Jones, Co. C; John Sware, Sergeant Co C; John Sullivan Co. C; Jonathan Thompson, Co. C; Eli Moyer, Co. C; E.M. Diviney, Co. D; Andrew Lewis, Co. D; Theo. Simmon Co. D; Geo. Bruner, Co. D; Andrew McGinnes Co. D; M.V. Townsend, Co. E; S.L. Shoemaker Co. E; Wm. Glasebrook, Co. E; Samuel Henle(y?) Co. E; William Morin, Co. E; Russell A. William? Co. F; John Rogers, Co F; Wm. Gillett, Co. F; Henry Weeks, Co. F; James Kennedy, Co. G; Lawrence Tracy, Co. K; David Williams, Co. K. Th? Hollique, Co. K; Wm. Merriam, Co. K; Henry Magee, Co. K; Jules Duval, Co. K.

Missing Geo. W. Moore, Co. C; Martin Alle? Co. D; John Wilson, Co. F.


Twentieth Illinois
(Transcribers Note; The right side of the newspaper cuts off the last few letters of some of the names)

The following is an official list of the killed and wounded of the Twentieth Illinois

Lieut-Col Wm Irwin
*, killed; Drum Major W. Rudgers, do
(*Note: Col. Irwin's descendants say his surname was always spelled "ERWIN")

Company A
Killed
Corporal W.F. Lew

Wounded
Lieut. WM. Archdeacon, Corporal E. Lahman, J. Kennistrick, Hiram Poe, Mortally wounded, J. McGee, D. Kelly, J. McLaughlin, Z.B. Greene

Company B
Killed
Corporal John West

Wounded
Second Lieut. Henry King, W.D. Wright, mortally wounded, E.R. Currier, H. Sampson, J. Carson, F.M. Rorke, G. Bentz,
? Lee, J. Griffin, G.F, Smith; H. Gehri? ;

Missing

J. Dykeman

Company C
Killed
Corporal G. Halford

Wounded
Corporal N.R. Newton, Corporal H.C. Mank--; A.J. Levitt, mortally wounded; L.E. Lat?; Hans Lansen; J.H. Burtis, seriously wounded; D.C. Charlton(?); W.H. Demming; H. Ervins; T. Elliott, T. Garrison; Vanderventer; M.F. Ball; W.H. Flesh; J.M. Harrell; C. Jenneson; B.F. N--?; W.W. Norris; A.H. Rowan; J. Stephenson

Company D
Killed
J. Heighshue, H. Beddea

Wounded
W. Eager, mortally wounded; F. Lantz, do.; J. Fortuer, badly wounded; L. Bousch, do.; J. McF--den; C. Forester; J. Hubbark; Clarke

Company E
Killed
Sergeat E.D. Caruthers

Wounded
A. Stratton, badly wounded; J.A. Hutchinson, J.W. Keene; S.D. Robb
Sergeant J.F. Branch, badly wounded; Sergeant J.C. Porter, do; Corporal A. Bowm-- and missing; Corporal J.J. Quackenbush, Corporal O. Gamble; Drumer W. Do ---

Company F
Killed
Jas A. Bassett, T. Mahan; J. Doiker

Wounded
J. Ragan, mortally wounded; J. Shifler, badly wounded; J. Hiller, W. Un?; L. Otto; A.W. Burns; J. Comilla; D. Spade; W. Lawson; J.W. Coombs; George Frier; W.H. Dunten wounded missing

Company G
Killed
Corporal M. Deluse, A. Sh?

Wounded
Color Sergeant G.P. Newton badly wounded;

Missing
J.D. Loilenge, Peter Castelleit, B. Tupper, Oscar Cooler, P. Tanner

Company H
Killed
D.C. ?-gins, F.S. Eaton

Wounded
Sergeant S. Forbes, badly wounded; Sergeant J. McCowan, slightly wounded; Corporal Cunningham, N. Ashley, R. Darrah, badly wounded; A. Gilmer; G. Getold, J. Keep, J. McKeon, M. Payton, J. Roberts; W. Nixon; J. Rolinson, slightly wounded

Company I
Killed
J. Ma?ney, F.O. Rockwell

Wounded
Capt. J.W. Kennard, badly wounded; Sgt H.D. Lovelace, Corporal A.Reynolds?, badly wounded; Corporal B.F, Shockly, R. P. Vemmen, slightly wounded; H. Scott; ; F. Batholic; ? McLaughlin, mortally wounded; W. Frayton, badly wounded; J. Challants, G.W. Garrison, Housey, J. Leeds; A. Rose; J. Th?son; J. Vennue; G. Brayton,; H. Dwyre; H.C. Dickerson; C. Lint?, J.W. Laroe; G. Platch

Company K
Killed
A.J. Wilson

Wounded
Corporal R. Spencer, badly wounded; Corporal J.A. Lord, F. Crowell


Thirtieth Illinois
(Transcribers Note: The right side of the newspaper cuts off the last few letters of some of the names)

Killed
Adjutant N.R. Kirkpatrick, R.R. Cl?; William P. Kemel, J.P. Mitchell, Henry J. Pe? Co. A;
Samuel Pellock, Alex. Muzzy, Co. C;
A. Ashmore, Aug. Saunders, Co. F;
Jer. O'Sullivan Co H;
Alvah Shumway, Co. G;
Sergeant John M. ??zie, And. Vetock, Henry Hilling, Charles Grat, ? Rennlee, George Koope, Co E.

Wounded
Segt. A.L. Titus (mortally); ? Cummins, Jno. Valentine, W.C, Rust, Saml D. ?ton, Jas. T. Durston, J.H. Bradford, Chauncey Smith, Jno. Cooper, Jno. Gilmore, Edw. Noone? Co A;
T.B, Moore, Martin Cannum, Jos. N. Bay, D. Reynolds, Co. H;
Francis Williamson, ? Lively, Co. C;
Geo. Mack, Thos. Knight, ? Geary, Jno. Black, Wm. Groupe, J. Fraker, C ?? Chas. Smith, Co. I;
R.N. Woodruff, Lieut. S. Hall, Oscar Nichols, Wm. Nichols, Edw. Risby, Wm. N. Lanham, Co. H;
Sergt. Geo. McFadden, Thos. Jones, Henry K. Tyler, Jno. McCreight, Co. G;
Corporal Geo. Davis, G.F, Hutson, Saml. Henry, Clemens Cook, Danl. Hendricks, Co. K;
Jas. Evans, Jno. Murphy, A. Anderson, A. Green, Sergt. J. Mann, Nelson Carpenter, H. Bush, C.H. Bishop, D. McGreene, E.B, Kaufmann, Wm. Crooker, A. Perkins, J.G. Hall, Guy Eagleton, G. Fultz, J.W. Brigman, Thos. Wright, L. Cox, Co. D;
Capt. J.C. Johnson, Sergt. Wm. Emery, Srgt. Chas. Fitzherbert, Saml. Burgess, Linsey Steele, Henry Wolfe, James Gaston, Frank D. Hart, Jacob Swenrod, Henry Williams, Daniel Malone, Jesse Bomerman, David Cruthers, J. Benseley, B.B, Brown, Co. E.

Missing
Wm. McDowell, Wm. Stackwell, Co. D; W.G, McGaw, Moses K. Flory, Co. A

Taken Prisoner - John Rubert, Co. A.

Transcribed by K. Torp


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