Illinois Genealogy Trails

Illinois Genealogy Trails

History of the 85th Illinois Regiment
Illinois Volunteer Infantry

by
Henry J. Aten
Illinois Genealogy Trails



CHAPTER XXXI
Pages 408-419

Company E

       Company E was the Menard county company and was enrolled by Pleasant S. Scott, of Petersburg, under date of July 17, 1862. In this county were many people who had emigrated from Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee. These people were hardy, patriotic and brave, and most of them were strongly opposed to slavery. And these pioneers and their sons were prompt to respond to the call of the President for additional troops.
     At the organization of the company the following commissioned officers were elected: Pleasant S. Scott, captain; Joseph M. Plunkett, first lieutenant, and Abraham Clary, second lieutenant. At the organization of the regiment this company became the color company.
     The record shows that the company had 3 killed in battle, 5 died of wounds, 2 were accidentally killed, 12 died of disease, 18 were discharged for disability, 13 were wounded who lived to be discharged from the service. Of the 81 officers and men who formed the original company but 21 went home together at the close of the war. Not so strong in numbers as some of the others, nevertheless this company made a record of which all its members should be proud.


THE COMPANY ROSTER

CAPTAIN PLEASANT S. SCOTT was born in Washington county, Virginia, July 29, 1822, removed to Illinois in June, 1857, and settled at Petersburg, in Menard county. At the breaking out of the War of the Rebellion he was carrying the United States mail, and began recruiting a company on July 17, 1862. At the organization of the company he was elected captain, served to the close of the war and was mustered out with the regiment. At North Chickamauga, in the fall of 1863, he was captured and sent to Libby prison at Richmond, VA., from which he escaped after some four months’ confinement. After much suffering and many narrow escapes from recapture, he reached the Union lines, and rejoined his company in the spring of 1864. He was wounded at the assault of Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia, but soon recovered and resumed command of his company. He was promoted to be major of the regiment May 19, 1865, but the regiment was below the number which would permit his muster, and he was mustered out as a captain. He returned to his old home in Illinois, and for the last fifteen years he has held the office of justice of the peace, and is holding that office at the present time. His address is Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois.

FIRST LIEUTENANT JOSEPH M. PLUNKETT, aged forty-five, born in Concord, Cabarrus county, North Carolina, and enlisted from Petersburg, Ill., where he was at the time city marshal. He was elected first lieutenant at the organization of the company; served through the Kentucky campaign, and resigned December 21, 1862. He returned to Petersburg, where he died in about 1870.

FIRST LIEUTENANT HUGH A. TRENT, aged thirty-one, born in Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois. He was chosen sergeant at the organization of the company; served through the Kentucky campaign, was promoted first lieutenant December 21, 1862, and served with his company until severely wounded at the battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, July 19, 1864. When he recovered so as to be able to travel he secured a leave of absence and returned home. He was dismissed from the service May 2, 1865, for absence without leave, and, as the writer is informed, died from the effects of his wounds soon after the close of the war.

SECOND LIEUTENANT ABRAHAM L. CLARY was born in Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, April 20, 1839, and was a farmer when he enlisted from his native town. He was elected second lieutenant at the organization of the company; served through the Kentucky campaign, and resigned at Nashville, Tenn., January 20, 1863. He returned to his former home; was clerk in a dry goods store for some sixteen years, and is at present coroner of Menard county. His address is Petersburg, Ill.

SECOND LIEUTENANT CLARK N. ANDRUS (promoted adjutant. See field and staff).

SECOND LIEUTENANT ANDREW F. J. SHACKEY, aged thirty-five, born in Holmesville, Pike county, Mississippi, married, farmer, enlisted from Mason county, Ill. He was chosen sergeant at the organization of the company, was promoted to be second lieutenant February 23, 1863, and served with his company until October 27, 1863, when he resigned for disability. Is reported to have died at Petersburg, Ill., in about 1896.

FIRST SERGEANT JACOB FAITH was born in Princeton, Indiana, July 8, 1834, removed to Illinois, and was a bricklayer when he enlisted from Petersburg. He was chosen first sergeant at the organization of the company; served through the Kentucky and Murfreesboro campaigns, and was discharged fro disability at Nashville, Tenn., in 1863. Returning to Petersburg he resumed his trade, but later removed to Iowa, and located at Lenox, in Taylor county, where he died November 5, 1891.

FIRST SERGEANT A. J. TAYLOR, aged thirty, born in Springfield, Ill., was single and a clerk when he enlisted from Petersburg. He was promoted first sergeant and served with his company until severely wounded in the battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, July 19, 1864. He was removed to Vining’s Station, where he died of his wounds, July 24, 1864.

FIRST SERGEANT CHARLES BOCHERT, aged thirty-four, born in Mecklenburg, Germany, emigrated to Illinois, was single and a farmer when he enlisted from Petersburg. He was promoted sergeant, then first sergeant, and commissioned first lieutenant, but the company was below the number required to permit his muster with that rank. He served to the close of the war and was mustered out with the regiment as first sergeant. He returned to Petersburg, Ill., where he died November 17, 1893.

SERGEANT A. P. ARMSTRONG deserted October 7, 1862.

SERGEANT LEANDER VEILEIT, aged twenty-eight, born in Delaware, Delaware county, Ohio, removed to Illinois, married, farmer, enlisted from Petersburg. He served through the Kentucky campaign, and died at Nashville, Tenn., February 26, 1863. Is buried at No. 383 in the national cemetery near that city.

SERGEANT WILLIAM F. CLARY was born at Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, March 25, 1828, was married and a farmer when he enlisted from his native town. He was chosen corporal at the organization of the company, promoted sergeant and served with his company until captured at the battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, July 19, 1864. He was held in rebel prisons to the close of the war, and was honorably discharged at Springfield, Ill., June 17, 1865. He returned to his former home and engaged in farming for several years, but removed to Kansas in 1899. He now resides at Empire City, Cherokee county, Kansas.

SERGEANT WILLIAM LEONARD, aged twenty-three, born at Staunton, Augusta county, Virginia, removed to Illinois, was single and a farmer when he enlisted from Petersburg. He was promoted sergeant, served to the close of the war and was mustered out with the regiment. He died some time after his return to Petersburg, Ill.

SERGEANT ENOS BYERS was born in Vinton county, Ohio, in 1844, removed to Illinois, and enlisted from Rushville, Schuyler county, January 19, 1864. He was promoted sergeant; served to the close of the war and was transferred to Company B, Sixteenth Illinois. He was mustered out with that regiment July 8, 1865.

SERGEANT WILLIAM F. HOHAMER, aged thirty-three, born in Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, married, farmer, enlisted as a private from his native town; was promoted sergeant, and carried the colors until severely wounded at the battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, July 19, 1864. A gun shot through the hips rendered him perfectly helpless, and he fell into the hands of the enemy and died in prison, but the date of is death is unknown.

CORPORAL JAMES POTTER, aged twenty-three, born in Menard county, Illinois, was single and a farmer when he enlisted from Petersburg. He was discharged for disability, but the record does not reveal the date or the place. He died March 24, 1897.

CORPORAL EZEKIEL SAMPLE, aged thirty-one, born in Marion, Crittenden county, Kentucky, was married and a farmer when he enlisted from Petersburg, Ill., He was chosen corporal at the organization of the company; was wounded at the battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, July 19, 1864, but served until the close of the war and was mustered out with the regiment. He returned to his home at Petersburg, where he died February 9, 1898.

CORPORAL JAMES N. SHEETS, aged forty-two, born in Lexington, Fayette county, Kentucky, removed to Illinois, was married and a mechanic when he enlisted from Petersburg. He was chosen corporal at the organization of the company; was severely wounded at the battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, fell into the hands of the enemy July 19, 1864, and died a few days later in Atlanta, Ga.

CORPORAL BOWLING GREEN, aged twenty-seven, born in Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, was single and a farmer when he enlisted from his native town; was chosen corporal at the organization of his company, served with his company until severely wounded at the battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, July 19, 1864, and died in the hospital at Kingston, Ga., August 17, 1864. Is buried at No, 477 in the national cemetery at Marietta, Ga.

CORPORAL JOHN GRIFFIN, aged forty-one, born in Shaker, Logan county, Kentucky; married, farmer; enlisted from Petersburg, Ill.; was chosen corporal at the organization of the company and was discharged for disability, but the date of his discharge does not appear upon the record. He returned to Petersburg, where he died May 23, 1897.

CORPORAL JOHN BARTHOLOMEW, was reduced to the ranks and deserted December 28, 1862.

CORPORAL JAMES S. LYNN was born in Chandlerville, Cass county, Illinois, September 6, 1839, was married and a farmer when he enlisted from Petersburg, was chosen corporal at the organization of the company and was severely wounded at the battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8, 1862. He was discharged for disability on account of wounds December 27, 1862, returned to Illinois, and resumed farming near Mason county, where he now resides.

CORPORAL GEORGE TAYLOR, aged nineteen, born in Philadelphia, Pa., removed to Illinois and enlisted as a farmer from Petersburg. He was promoted to corporal; served until the close of the war and was mustered out with the regiment.

CORPORAL WILLIAM H. YOUNG was born in Louisville, Ky., September 25, 1824, removed with his parents to Illinois in 1832, and was a out in the Mormon war. He was married and a farmer when he enlisted from Petersburg; was promoted to corporal; served with his company until the close of the war, and was mustered out with the regiment. He returned to Illinois, and engaged in farming near Petersburg, where he now resides.

MUSICIAN WILLIAM McNEELY (McNeeley), aged eighteen, born at Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, and enlisted from his native
town; was appointed musician and discharged for disability, but the date of his discharge nowhere appears upon the record. Is reported dead.

MUSICIAN SAMUEL HAVENS, aged nineteen, born at Waverly, Pike county, Ohio, enlisted from Petersburg, Ill., as musician; served through the Kentucky campaign, and died at Nashville, Tenn., January 22, 1863. Is buried at No. 6617 in the national cemetery near that city.

WAGONER WALTER RANDALL, aged thirty-nine, born in Lexington, Ky., married and was an engineer when he enlisted from Petersburg, Ill., was appointed wagoner. Served until the close of the war, and was mustered out with the regiment.

WILLIAM F. ALLEN, aged twenty-seven, born in Nashville, Tenn., removed to Illinois, and was a married farmer when he enlisted from Petersburg. He was wounded at the battle of Perryville, Ky., and discharged for disability on account of wounds, but date of discharge unknown. He resides at Petersburg, Ill.

DAVID ARMSTRONG, aged twenty-one, born in Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, and was a farmer when he enlisted from his native town. He was sent to the hospital at Bowling Green, Ky., where he died December 5, 1862. IS buried at No. 10931 in the national cemetery at Nashville, Tenn.

BOLING ARMSTRONG, aged thirty-eight, married, farmer, was born in Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, and enlisted from his native town. He served through the Kentucky campaign, and at Nashville, Tee., was transferred to the Veteran Reserve corps. The pension office reports him dead, without date.

WILLIAM ATTERBERRY, aged thirty-six. No further record.

HORACE ARMSTRONG, aged twenty-three. No record after muster in.

JOHN H. ARNOLD was born in Philadelphia, Pa., was single and a farmer when he enlisted from Peoria, Ill. He served with his company until wounded at the battle of Peach Tree creek, Ga., July 19, 1864, and was discharged on account of wounds January 25, 1865. He returned to Illinois, and died at Springfield in October, 1890.

JOHN BARNETT, aged twenty-two, born in Marion, Crittenden county, Kentucky; married farmer when he enlisted from
Petersburg, Ill. He served with his company until his health failed, and died at McAffee Church, Ga., April 20, 1864. Is buried at No. 11141 in the national cemetery at Chattanooga, Tenn.

CLAYBURN BARNETT, aged eighteen, born at Marion, Crittenden county, Kentucky, was a farmer and enlisted from Petersburg, Ill. Served with his company until the close of the war; returned to Illinois, resumed farming, and died at Petersburg, January 3, 1890.

JOHN BECK, aged twenty-eight; deserted December 28, 1862.

PICKETT CLARY, aged ---; deserted December 28, 1862.

MARTIN S. CLARY, aged twenty-one, born at Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, farmer; enlisted from his native town. Served until the close of the war and was mustered out with the regiment. Is said to reside at Anthony, Harper county, Kansas.

THOMAS S. CLARY deserted December 28, 1862.

ROYAL A. CLARY, aged ---, born in Sparta, White county, Tennessee, married, farmer; enlisted from Petersburg, Ill., was wounded at the battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8, 1862, and was discharged for disability, but no date appears on the record. Died at Petersburg, Ill., in about 1896.

WILLIAM W. CARTER enlisted from Petersburg, Ill. Served with is company until the close of the war and was mustered out with the regiment. Is said to reside at Petersburg, Ill.

WILLIAM G. CARTER was born near Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, April 24, 1836, and enlisted from his native town. He served with his company until the close of the war, and was mustered out with the regiment. He returned to Illinois and resumed farming when mustered out, and now resides at Petersburg, Ill.

JOHN COX, aged twenty-three, born at Greensburg, Green county, Kentucky, single, farmer, enlisted from Petersburg, Ill., died but the record fails to reveal the date of his death.

GEORGE COLE, aged twenty-nine, born in Stevensburg, Culpeper county, Virginia, single, farmer; enlisted from Petersburg, Ill., was discharged for disability, but for the record does not reveal the date.

EDWIN CHAMBERS deserted; no date given.

DENNIS DENVER – Record furnished nothing beyond the muster-in.

MICHAEL EKIS, aged eighteen, farmer, born in Barbour county, Virginia, enlisted from Petersburg, Ill., died at Bowling Green, Ky., November 7, 1862. Is buried at No. 542 in the national cemetery at Nashville, Tenn.

WESLEY FROST, aged twenty-six, married farmer, born in Hillsboro, Montgomery county, Illinois; enlisted from Petersburg. He died, but neither place nor date appears upon the record. Is buried at No. 313 in the national cemetery at Nashville, Tenn.

JAMES FERGUSON was born in Clinton, Henry county, Missouri, May 11, 1843, removed with his parents to Illinois in 1845, was farmer when he enlisted from Petersburg as a recruit March 10, 1864. He served with his company until the regiment was mustered out, when he was transferred to Company B, Sixteenth Illinois infantry. He was mustered out with that regiment July 8, 1865. He returned to Menard county and is engaged in farming near Petersburg, Ill.

RICHARD GRIFFIN, aged twenty-one, born in Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, enlisted from his native town. Served with his company until severely wounded in the battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, July 19, 1864. He was removed to the hospital at Chattanooga, Tenn., where he died September 17, 1864. Is buried at No. 2083, in the national cemetery on Orchard Knob, near Chattanooga, Tenn.

JAMES HINESLEY, deserted October 7, 1862.

STEPHEN HANKINS, aged twenty-one, born in Madison, Jefferson county, Indiana, farmer, enlisted from Petersburg, Ill. Served with his company until the close of the war, and was mustered out with the regiment. Is supposed to be living in Jacksonville, Ill.

WILLIAM JONES, aged twenty-four, born in Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, farmer, enlisted from his native town. Served through the Kentucky campaign, and was transferred to the Veteran Reserve corps, at Nashville, Tenn., September 7, 1863. His subsequent career is unknown to the writer.

WILLIAM J. JONES appears to have enlisted from Petersburg, and to have been mustered in and discharged, but no date is given of his discharge.

WILLIAM LEITSON, aged twenty-three, born in Rodenburg, Germany, single, brickmason; enlisted from Greenview, Menard county, Illinois. Served until the close of the war and was mustered out with the regiment. He resides at Petersburg, Ill.

GEORGE MYERS, aged twenty-five. Nothing relating to this soldier can be found of record, except that he enlisted and was mustered in.

JOHN C. MILLER, aged twenty-one, farmer, born in Menard county, Illinois, and enlisted from Petersburg. He served with his company until killed in the assault on Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 27, 1864. Is buried at No. 9314 in the national cemetery at Marietta, Ga.

RICHARD McGUIRE (Maguire) was born in the city of Dublin, Ireland, in March, 1820, was a sailor in early life, emigrated to Illinois in 1844 an settled in Springfield, where he resided at enlistment. He was slightly wounded at the battle of Rome, Ga., but served until the close of the war and was mustered out with the regiment. He returned to Springfield, Ill., where he now resides.

WILLIAM A. MENCE, aged 21, born in Boonville, Warwick county, Indiana, farmer; enlisted from Petersburg, Ill. Died October 23, 1862, probably at Harrodsburgh, Ky., as he is buried at No. 307 in the national cemetery at Danville, Ky.

WILLIAM E. MATHEWS appears to have enlisted at Louisville, Ky., and was discharged for disability, October 7, 1864. That is all the record discloses in his case.

ISAAC MARLIN, native of Tennessee, enlisted at Nashville, August 5, 1863. Served until the close of the war, and when the regiment was mustered out he was transferred to Company B, Sixteenth Illinois Infantry. He was mustered out with that regiment July 8, 1865, and when last heard from resided at Murfreesboro, Tenn.

THOMAS OSTERMAN, aged twenty-three, born in Germany, farmer, enlisted from Petersburg, Ill. Record says died, but does not say when or where.

THOMAS OWENS, aged twenty-one, born in Springfield, Sangamon county, Illinois, farmer; enlisted from Petersburg and served with his company until killed in the assault on the enemy at Jonesboro, Ga., September 1, 1864.

WILLIAM S. POTTER, aged twenty-one, born in Bloomington, McLean county, Illinois, farmer; enlisted from Petersburg. Served through the Kentucky campaign and was accidentally killed by a falling tree at White’s bend on the Cumberland river, November 19, 1862. (See Chapter V.)

JOHN O. PAIN, aged thirty-three, born in Washington, Orange county, Vermont, farmer; enlisted from Petersburg, Ill. Served through the Kentucky campaign, and was transferred to the Veteran Reserve corps at Nashville, Tenn. No date given.

JAMES PEARSON, aged sixteen, born in Menard county, Illinois; enlisted form Petersburg. Record says discharged, without giving time or place.

ANDREW ROBINSON, aged eighteen, born in Rushville, Schuyler county, Illinois; enlisted from Petersburg. Served with his company until severely wounded in the assault on Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia, Jun 27, 1864. He was discharged from disability arising from his wounds, February 26, 1865. He is reported to be in the Soldiers’ Home at Quincy, Ill.

JOHN L. ROBINSON enlisted as a recruit from Petersburg, January 19, 1864, and the record says discharged, but neither time nor place is given. Is said to be in the Soldiers’ Home at Quincy, Illinois.

WILLIAM RAY, aged twenty-two, married, farmer, born in Chandlerville, Cass county, Illinois; enlisted from Petersburg. Served through the Kentucky campaign, and was accidentally killed by a falling tree at White’s bend on the Cumberland river, November 19, 1862. (See Chapter V.)

CHRISTOPHER SHUTT, aged twenty-two, farmer, born in Germany; enlisted from Petersburg, Ill. Died at Louisville, Ky., October 7, 1863, and is buried at No. 2062 in the national cemetery at Cave Hill, Ky.

JAMES T. SEAY was born in Campbellville, Taylor county, Kentucky, March 29, 1842, and removed with his parents to Illinois in 1855. He was a farmer when he enlisted from Petersburg. Served with his company until the close of the war, and was mustered out with the regiment. He was postmaster at Loyd, Menard county, and while residing in Fulton county served as constable and school director. He has been elected adjutant of the Regimental Association for eight successive years; is a carpenter, and resided in Havana, Ill.

HENRY SUTTON, aged twenty-one, born in Petersburg, Menard county, Illinois, farmer; enlisted from his native town. Served until discharged for disability at Louisville, Ky., December 1, 1863. He resided in Havana, Ill.

FRANK F. SCOTT, aged twenty-one, born in Brooklyn, N. Y., farmer; enlisted from Petersburg, Ill., was wounded at the battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, July 19, 1864, but served with his company to the close of the war, and was mustered out with the regiment. He returned to Petersburg, where he died in ---.

L. SPROUSE deserted. No date given.

JOHN W. SHROEDER, aged twenty-eight, born in London, England, single, farmer; enlisted from Petersburg, Ill. Beyond this the record contains but the one word “Discharged.”

EPHRIAM STOUT, aged twenty-four, married, farmer, born in Farmington, Saint Francois county, Missouri; enlisted from Petersburg, Ill. Record says, “Died,” but no date or place is mentioned.

JAMES T. SENTER, aged twenty-one, born in Springfield, Illinois, farmer, enlisted from Petersburg, and served with his company until severely wounded at the battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, July 19, 1864. He was discharged for disability resulting from wounds, November 23, 1864, and returned to Petersburg, Ill., where he now resides.

MORRIS SEAMAN deserted.

LEONIDAS TRAYLOR, aged twenty-five, single, farmer, born in Menard county, Illinois; enlisted from Petersburg. Served with his company to the close of the war, and was mustered out with the regiment. Resides at Ransom, Ness county, Kansas.

JAMES E. THOMAS, aged forty-four, born in Bowling Green, Warren county, Kentucky, married, farmer; enlisted from Petersburg, Ill. Was slightly wounded at the assault on Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 27, and received wounds from which he died in the battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, July 19, 1864.

GEORGE WATTERMAN (Waterman), aged twenty-three, born in Frederick, Frederick county, Maryland, married, farmer; enlisted from Petersburg, Ill. Served with his company until killed in the assault on Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 27, 1864. His remains are buried at No. 9248 in the national cemetery at Marietta, Ga.

GEORGE M. WEBSTER deserted, but time and place are not mentioned.

EDWARD WELSH appears to have enlisted, and to have been mustered in. But there the record stops.

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