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Population 2000: 8,213
County seat: Oquawka
Named for the Henderson River
Henderson County covers 379 square miles and was organized in 1841
Henderson County History
|A county comprising 380 square miles of territory, located in the western section
of the State and bordering on the Mississippi River. The first settlements were made about 1827-28 at Yellow Banks,
now Oquawka. Immigration was checked by the Black Hawk War, but revived after the removal of the Indians from Warren
in 1841, with Oquawka as the county-seat. Population in 1880 was 10,722; In 1890, 9,876. The soil is fertile and
underlaid by limestone. The surface is undulating, and well timbered. Population in 1900 was 10,836. "Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois, 1901"
Oquawka - the county seat of Henderson
County, situated on the Mississippi River, about 15 miles above Burlington, Iowa, and 32 miles west of Galesburg.
It is in a farming region, but has some manufactories. The town has 5 churches, a graded school, a bank and three
newspapers. Population in 1900 was 1,010. "Historical Encyclopedia
of Illinois, 1901"
Towns and Cities in Henderson County:
Bald Bluff Township
Dallas City (part)
Gulf Port (part)
Terre Haute Township
Townships of Henderson County
BALD BLUFF TOWNSHIP
TERRE HAUTE TOWNSHIP
Henderson County Courthouse
P.O. Box 308
Oquawka, IL 61469-0308
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