Ever wonder who the Illinois counties are named after? Read below to find out.
The Names of our Counties
(source "The Making of Illinois" by Irwin F.
Mather, 1900, pgs. 263-268)
Typed and Donated by Kim Torp
Of the one hundred and two counties into which the state of Illinois is divided, six were named in honor of presidents of the United States. These are Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Adams (named for John Quincy Adams, not for his father), and Jackson.
Bond County was named for Shadrack Bond, who later became the first Governor of Illinois; while Coles, Edwards and Ford also took their names from chief executives of the state.
Of those who have figured in the history of Illinois, or who were, for one reason or another, prominent in the early days, the following men have given their names to counties:
William M. Alexander, a state senator in the second and third general assemblies.
Daniel P. Cook, first attorney general of the state and a representative in Congress from 1819 to 1827.
Stephen A. Douglas, whose name will ever be associated with that of Lincoln; orator, political leader, representative in Congress, United States senator, and Democratic candidate for the presidency.
John Edgar, pioneer merchant, politician and land speculator.
Elias Kent Kane, Democratic leader, pro-slavery advocate, member of the first constitutional convention, judge of the territory, first Secretary of State and second United States senator.
John Logan, M.D., father of General John A. Logan.
William McHenry, who served in both the War of 1812 and the Black Hawk War; member of the first, fourth, fifth and ninth general assemblies.
John McLean, lawyer, territorial judge and first representative in Congress in 1818 and senator in 1824.
Pierre Menard, a French Indian trader, a colonel of militia and first Lieutenant Governor of Illinois.
Joseph Ogle, politician and lieutenant of militia in the territorial days.
Benjamin Piatt, attorney general of the territory from 1810 to 1813.
Nathaniel Pope, first territorial Secretary of State and last territorial delegate in Congress. But for his efforts the north tier of counties of Illinois would be in Wisconsin and Chicago a city of that state.
Benjamin Stephenson, Adjutant general of the territory in 1813.
Leonard White, a gallant soldier; major of militia, member of constitutional convention, state senator in the second and third general assemblies; killed in the battle of Tippecanoe.
Samuel Whiteside, colonel of territorial militia, representative in the first general assembly and brigadier general of militia during the Black Hawk War.
Conrad Will, territorial recorder of Jackson County, member of the constitutional convention of 1818, and member of the general assemblies from the first to the ninth, inclusive.
Among the brave soldiers whose names are perpetuated in those of our counties are:
Jacob Brown, major general in 1812
George Rogers Clark, who as colonel of Virginia militia established control in the Illinois country by capturing Kaskaskia and Fort Vincennes
Baron Jonathan DeKalb, the German nobleman who served the colonies and was killed at Camden, S.C. in 1780
Major General Nathaniel Greene of revolutionary fame
William Jasper, the famous sergeant of the revolution who replaced the flag shot away at Fort Moultrie and was later killed at Savannah
Joseph Hamilton Daviess, the Kentucky lawyer who gave his name to Jo Daviess County, United States district attorney and major of militia
Richard M. Johnson, colonel of Kentucky militia, veteran of the War of 1812, representative in congress, United States senator from Kentucky and Vice President of the United states from 1837 to 1841
Henry Knox, major general and Secretary of War under Washington
Francis Marion, soldier of the revolution
Hugh Mercer, American officer killed at the battle of Princeton
Richard Montgomery, revolutionary general, killed before Quebec in 1775
Daniel Morgan, commander of the "rifle brigade" during the revolution
William Moultrie, who built and defended the fort bearing his name
Zebulon Pike, soldier and explorer
Count Casimir Pulaski, a Polish exile who espoused the cause of the colonies during the revolution and was killed at Savannah in 1779
Major General Israel Putnam
Major General Philip Schuyler, member of the continental congress and United States senator from New York
Major General John Stark of revolutionary fame
Major General Arthur St. Clair, commander in chief of the army after the revolution and governor of the territory of the United States northwest of the Ohio
Joseph Warren, major general, killed at the battle of Bunker Hill
Anthony Wayne, major general during the revolution, commander in chief of the army after St. Clair
Three counties bear the name of naval officers:
McDonough, named for Commodore Thomas McDonough, who commanded the fleet on Lake Champlain in a successful engagement with the British near Plattsburg in 1814
Lawrence, for Captain James Lawrence, commander of the Chesapeake, who was mortally wounded in an engagement between that vessel and the British ship Shannon, in the War of 1812
Perry, for Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, hero of the battle of Lake Erie in 1813.
The following statesmen and soldiers who were not citizens of Illinois are represented in the names of counties:
John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, representative, senator, Secretary of War, Vice President and "father of nullification"
Charles Carroll of Carrollton, signer of the Declaration of Independence
Lewis Cass, soldier, statesman, minister to France, senator from Michigan, Secretary of War under Jackson, Secretary of State under Buchanan and candidate for the presidency
William H. Crawford, senator from Georgia, minister to France, Secretary of War and of the Treasury and a candidate for the presidency
Albert Gallatin, Secretary of the Treasury
Felix Grundy, senator from Tennessee and Attorney General of the U.S.
John Hancock, first signer of the Declaration of Independence
Amos Kendall, Postmaster General under Jackson
Richard Henry Lee, member of the continental Congress and senator from Virginia
Edward Livingston, Mayor of New York, representative in Congress from that state, afterward representative and senator from Louisiana, Secretary of State under Jackson and minister to France
Nathaniel Macon, colonel in the revolution, representative and senator from North Carolina
John Marshall, chief justice of the Supreme Court
Edmund Randolph, soldier of the revolution, member of the Continental Congress, Attorney General and Governor of Virginia, Secretary of State of the U.S. and Attorney General under Washington
Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky
Lyttleton W. Tazewell, lawyer, governor, representative and senator from Virginia
From DeWitt Clinton of New York, mayor, governor, senator, lawyer, financier and chief promoter of the Erie Canal, two counties - DeWitt and Clinton - have taken their names.
Through the influence of immigrants from three other states, nine of our counties are named after counties in those states:
Champaign and Richland from Ohio;
Christian, Hardin, Henderson, Mason, Scott and Woodard from Kentucky
Williamson from Tennessee
Iroquois, Kankakee, Macoupin, Peoria, Sangamon, Wabash and Winnebago counties recall the red men (sic), the original owners of the land now comprised in the State of Illinois
Boone County is named for Daniel Boone
Bureau for Pierre Buero, a French trader
Cumberland takes its name from Cumberland in Maryland
Du Page from a small river.
Effingham is named for Lord Effingham, who resigned his commission in the British army, refusing to serve in a war against the colonies
Fulton, for Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat
Jersey, for the state of New Jersey
Lake for Lake Michigan
LaSalle for the celebrated French explorer
Massac, from Fort Massac
Rock Island, from an island in the Mississippi River
Saline from the salt springs of the vicinity
Union for the federal Union
Vermilion from the river which flows through the county.