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Jackson County, Illinois

History of the 89th IL Inf

Donated by Sandy


History of the Eighty-Ninth Infantry taken from Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois 1861-1866, Vol. 5,
pages 287-288

The Rail Road Regiment was organized by the Railroad Companies of Illinois, at Chicago in August 1862.  Captain John Christopher, Sixteenth United States Infantry was appointed Colonel, and Charles T. Hotchkiss, Lieutenant Colonel.  It was mustered into the United States service August 27.
 
Ordered to Louisville, Ky., September 4, and was assigned by Major General Wright, commanding Department of Ohio, to Third Brigade, Colonel Woodruff; Second Division, General Cruft; Army of Kentucky, General Nelson.  Assigned October 1, to Sixth Brigade, General Willich; Second Division, General Sill; McCook s Corps of Buell s Army.

The Regiment, on leaving Louisville, started in pursuit of the rebel forces under General Bragg, and after a fruitless and wearisome march of a month, reached Bowling Green, Ky.  At this point the tenth company F, joined the Regiment.  When in the service but about four months, it took an active part in the memorable battle of Stone River, where, by its
gallant conduct, the men soon became classified among the old, tried soldiers.  It did well, and among the heroes who that day died in liberty s cause was Captain Henry S. Willett, of Company H.

On the 7th of January, 1863, Colonel Christopher, who had never joined the Regiment, resigned.  The line of promotion then ensuing made Captain William D. Williams, of Company F, Major.

At Liberty Gap another loss was sustained:  Captain Herbert M. Blake, Company K, a truly brave and efficient officer fell mortally wounded.  Chickamauga seemed to affix the seal of its devotion.  There fell Lieutenant Colonel Duncan J. Hall, Captains Rice, Spink and Whiting, and Lieutenant Ellis, besides the scores of brave men who fought with noble heroism, and who dared to do and die in defense of the old flag.

Upon the reorganization of the Army of the Cumberland the Regiment was transferred, with Willich s command, to its new position in the First Brigade, Third Division, Fourth Army Corps.  At Mission Ridge it again encountered the foe, scaling the enemy s entrenchments and driving him from them.  In this charge fell those gallant officers,
Lieutenant E. O. young, Company A, and Captain Henry L. Rowell, Company C.
 
It then marched to the relief of Burnside, besieged at Knoxville.  This accomplished, it moved on with the Brigade, in the marches and counter marches though East Tennessee.
 
Early in April, 1864, it marched with the command to Southern Tennessee, preparatory to General Sherman s glorious campaign through Northern Georgia, for the occupation of Atlanta.

With the Brigade, it participated in the splendid victories of Rocky Face, Resaca, Pickett s Mills, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, and the flank movement of Atlanta, and pursued the routed enemy in his retreat to Jonesboro and Lovejoy s Station.

On this campaign, Lieutenant Nathaniel Street, of Company D, and Captain William Harkness, Company A, offered up their lives a sacrifice to their country.

After the unsuccessful attempt of the rebel forces to destroy the railroad communications of the army between Atlanta and Chattanooga, the Regiment rendered very important service, while on detached duty, in repairing the damages on the railroad inflicted by the enemy.

On the 30th of October, 1864, the Regiment was ordered to rejoin the command at Pulaski, Tenn.  It participated in the brilliant achievements of Spring Hill, Columbia, Franklin and Nashville, in the latter of which fell Lieutenant P. G. Taite, Company G, pierced by a cannon ball.  Subsequently it pursued Hood s shattered forces in their flying retreat across Tennessee.

It passed winter quarters at Huntsville, Ala., in January, 1865, and on the 1st of February traveled by railroad for Nashville, and after lying there five day, returned to Camp Green.  About the middle of March, the command embarked on the cars for East Tennessee, to re-establish communications through to Virginia, and prepare to repel rebel invasion.

On the surrender of Lee s army, further movements in that section were abandoned, and the Fourth Corps returned by cars to Nashville, to muster out of service its nonveterans.

On the 10th of June, 1865, the Regiment was mustered out of the United States service, in the field, near Nashville, Tenn.  Left there June 10th, by the Louisville, New Albany & Chicago Railroad, and arrived in Chicago on the night of June 12th, 1865, and was discharged at Camp Douglas, on the 24th of June, 1865, making its term of service two
years, nine months and twenty-seven days.

Chronological Record of Engagements
October 7th, 1862, battle of Lawrenceburg
October 8th, 1862, battle of Perryville
December 31st, 1862, to January 4th, 1863 battle of Stone River
January 24th and 25th, 1863, battle of Liberty Gap
September 19th and 20th, 1863, battle of Chickamauga
November 23rd, 1863, occupied Orchard Knob
November 24th, 1863, battle of Lookout Mountain
November 25th, 1863, battle of Mission Ridge
Night of January 17th, 1864, Regiment retreated from Dandridge
May 9th to 12th, 1864, battle of Rocky Face
Night of May 12th, 1864, enemy evacuated Buzzard s Roost
May 14th and 15th, battle of Resaca
Night of May 15th, enemy evacuated Resaca
May 27th, 1864, battle of Pickett s Mill
Night of June 4th, enemy evacuated Dallas
June 11th to July 2nd, 1864, investment of Kenesaw Mountain
Night of July 2nd, 1864, enemy evacuated Kenesaw Mountain and Marietta
Night of July 20th, 1864, enemy evacuated Peach Tree Creek
July 22nd to August 26th, 1864, investment of Atlanta
September 1st, 1864, battle of Jonesboro.  Enemy evacuated at night.
September 3rd and 4th, 1864, action before Lovejoy s Station
September 8th, 1864, entered Atlanta
November 24th and 25th, 1864, skirmish of Spring Hill
November 30th, 1864, battle of Franklin
December 15th and 16th, 1864, battle of Nashville

Casualties
In 1864, 440 recruits were added to the Regiment, making a total borne on the rolls of 1.403.  The Regiment left in the field 202 recruits, (transferred to the Fifty-ninth Illinois Veteran Volunteers,) and mustered out on its rolls 381 men, of the rank and file, leaving 820 killed in action, died from wounds, or discharged on account of disability contracted in the service.  The principal losses were, at the battles of:


Stone River killed, wounded and prisoners142

Liberty Gap 13
Chickamauga 109
Mission Ridge 35
Atlanta 211
Nashville 39

Field and Staff of the Eighty-ninth Infantry

Colonel, John Christopher, U.S. Army, Aug 25 1862, Ordered to join Reg't (16th U.S. Inf.) Jan 7 1863
Colonel, Charles T. Hotchkiss, Chicago, Jan 7 1863, Prom Brevet Brig. Gen. Mar 13 1865 M.O. June 10 1865
Lieutenant Colonel, Charles T. Hotchkiss, Chicago, Aug 25 1862, Promoted
Lieutenant Colonel, Duncan J. Hall, Chicago, Jan 7 1863, Killed in battle Sept 20  63
Lieutenant Colonel, William D. Williams, Rock Island, Sept 20 1863, Mustered out June 10 1865
Major, Duncan J. Hall, Chicago, Sept 4 1862, Promoted
Major, William D. Williams, Rock Island, Jan 7 1863, Promoted
Major, Bruce H. Kidder, Aurora, Sept 20 1863, Discharged Mar 14 1865
Major, John M. Farquhar, Chicago, Apr 25 1865, M.O. June 10  65 as Capt
Adjutant, Edward F. Bishop, Chicago, Aug 25 1862, Discharged Dec 28 1863
Adjutant, Jerry M. Grosh, , Dec 28 1863, Mustered out June 10 1865
Quartermaster, Frederick L. Fake, Chicago, Aug 25 1862, Resigned Oct 6 1863
Quartermaster, George W. Deering, , Nov 6 1863, Mustered out June 10 1863
Surgeon, Samuel F. Hance, Aurora, Aug 25 1862, Resigned Mar 26 1863
Surgeon, Herman B. Tuttle, Chicago, Mar 28 1863, Mustered out June 10 1865
First Asst Surgeon, Pembroke R. Thombs, , May 27 1863, Mustered out June 10 1865
Second Asst Surgeon, Herman B. Tuttle, Chicago, Aug 25 1862, Promoted
Chaplain, James H. Dill, Chicago, Aug 25 1862, Died Jan 14 1863
Chaplain, Travis O. Spencer, Benton, Jan 15 1863, Resigned Dec 31 1863
Sergeant Major, John M. Farquhar, Chicago, Aug 9 1862, Prom Capt Co. B, Feb 24 1863
Sergeant Major, Bryan O Connor, Chicago, July 31 1862, Prom 1st Lieut Co A Nov 1 1864
Sergeant Major, Nelson W. Burneson, Walnut Grove, Aug 7 1862, Mustered June 10 1865
Sergeant Major, Edwin J. Stivers, Chicago, Aug 7 1862, M.O. as private Co K
Sergeant Major, Jerry M. Grosh, Geneva, July 30 1862, Promoted Adjutant
Q. M. Sergeant, Charles E. Roe, Harlem, Aug 14 1862, Mustered out June 10 1865
Commis. Sergeant, Benjamin F. Jeffries, Knoxville, Aug 13 1862, Disch Feb 11  63 disabil
Commis. Sergeant, Russell Johnson, Prairie City , Aug 7 1862, Mustered out June 10 1865
Hospital Steward, Nicholas R. Marshall, Kendall, Aug 4 1862, Mustered out June 10 1865
Principal Musician, Edward B. Howard, Galesburg, Aug 3 1862, Mustered out June 10 1865
Principal Musician, James W. Keeler, Bristol, Aug 7 1862, Mustered out June 10 1865

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