Genealogy Trails

Jackson County, Illinois


Edward Schwartz

Submitted by Gayle Putt

The following is a transcription of the diary of Edward Schwartz, II for the year 1872. I have tried to write it exactly as he did, including spelling errors, with only minor differences, such as punctuation, in an effort to sometimes make his meaning more clear. Although his penmanship, for the most part, is fair, the ink is faded and in places very difficult to read. In some places, I have added, in italics, little notes where I felt they might clarify or be of interest to the reader. Forgive me if the notes get somewhat repetitive.

As I hold this little black book in my hands, I can't help but think of the hands that held and wrote in it 121 years ago. Were they worn and calloused with years of hard work? Were they loving gentle hands to his children? This diary becomes a sort of time machine--held at one time by Edward, but now transcending the intervening years, it carries the record of his life and thoughts, and some of the answers, forward in time to me.


In 1828, John Quincey Adams was President. The first Indian language newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix, was published on February 21st. On April 28, the Senate ratified an agreement with Mexico making the Sabine River the common boundary of the two nations. Most of the Jedediah Smith party, the first expeditionary force to travel overland from California to the Pacific Northwest was slaughtered by Indians...Smith survived. Ground was broken on July 4th for the Baltimore and Ohio railroad...ceremonies were attended by Charles Carroll, the only surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence. Famed painter of American leaders, Gilbert Stuart died on July 9th at 73 years of age. Noah Webster published his first dictionary, The American Dictionary of the English Language, on April 21st. The Cherokee Indians ceded their traditional lands in Arkansas to the U.S. government and voluntarily moved to lands west of the Mississippi River. Insulation for electric wire was invented. Funds for a national learning institution were bequeathed by James Smithson. The Postmaster General ruled that Negroes could only carry mail if supervised by a white man. Andrew Jackson was elected the new President of the United States. And Edward Schwartz, II was born 10 April 1828.

Edward, II was born to Edward and Sarah Pyle Schwartz in Section 20 of Elk Township, Jackson Co. IL. Early land entry records do show that his parents had property in this section. He was known as a hard working individual and created a fine farm from raw prairie. He came to own 420 acres as can be determined from the land entry records of the county. He lived his entire life in the area, except for a brief period during the 1849 Gold Rush when he tried his hand at gold mining in the west.

In his early days, he tried his hand at merchandising but returned to farming. His half brother, Samuel Schwartz, operated a store in Elkville known as S. Schwartz and Bros. or sometimes as S. Schwartz & Co. least this is how Edward refers to the store in his diary.

He and Emeline were members of the Christian Church of Elkville. He was a hard working man who appears to expect the same from his hired help. He seems thrifty, almost a penny pincher for he notes every financial transaction that occurs. Yet he deeply loves his children. He once wrote in a letter to his older brother about the wedding of a friend and about the "set of sweet children there" and that they had "a terrible frolic there". He once took Little Mollie to Murphysboro. He doesn't say so in his diary, but we learn from his account keeping in the back of the diary that he bought a baby doll and ice cream that same day. He was civic minded, serving apparently as treasurer for the school board in the county.

Edward descends from Hans Conrad Schwartz b. in 1638 in Neckargemund, Germany, not far from Heidelburg. The Lutheran Church records of this town date back only to 1635 so although no other records are available, it is likely that the Schwartz family inhabited this area for many generations prior to Hans Conrad. The son of Hans Conrad was Johann Jakob Schwartz, b. in 1683 also in Neckargemund. It is likely there were other siblings unknown to us as Conrad was 44 when Jakob was born. The son of Jakob was Johann George Schwartz, b. 27 September 1720, in Neckargemund. Johann George came to this country and settled in Lancaster Co. Pennsylvania sometime before 1760. His wife was Catharina Schweig but it is not known if they came to America together or met and married in America. Jacob Schwartz, son of George and Catharina, was born in Lancaster Co. on 28 Aug 1760 and served in the Revolutionary War. He married Catherine Kimmel, daughter of George and Juliana Ruby Kimmel, b. 18 Feb 1774 in Stoystown, Somerset Co. Pennsylvania. This Catherine Kimmel was a first cousin, once removed, to Henry Kimmel, one of several Kimmel brothers to settle in Jackson Co. Descendants of Henry Kimmel would play an important role in the Schwartz family history. Among the children of Jacob and Catherine, and the first of the Schwartzes to move west, were Edward, Jacob and George Schwartz. It was this Edward who was the father of Edward II. George Schwartz married Sarah Pyle Schwartz, widow of his brother Edward, I.

Edward's maternal ancestors are even more thoroughly documented...tracing back to a Nicholas Pyle born in Wiltshire, England and his wife, Edith Musprat Pyle. Their son, Nicholas, was born in 1666. The younger Nicholas and his brothers immigrated to America in the 1680's and Nicholas was an acquaintance, if not a friend, of William Penn. He stood with Penn under the giant elm when Penn signed the famous treaty with the Indians. A son of Nicholas Pyle was Samuel Pyle who married a Sarah_______. Their son, Col. John Pyle, was Edward's 2nd great grandfather, Edward's 1st great grandfather was Capt. John Pyle, M.D. who served the British during the revolution but later gave his service to the patriot cause after his father, Col. John Pyle, also an M. D. and officer in the British army, turned traitor to the British and surrendered he and his son to Washington's army. Col. Pyle was injured during battle and lost part of his hand and an eye. After recovering, he could no longer actively participate in battle and was assigned to Gen. Cornwallis, himself, as adjutant. When Cornwallis refused to promote Pyle to the rank of Brigadier General as compensation for his wounds, Pyle was in the right frame of mind for treason. Pyle met Gen. Washington at a social function and was convinced by Washington that he was fighting on the wrong side. Pyle memorized battle plans and turned them over to the patriots. It is said that Pyle was responsible for hastening the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown. The King of England even put a 5,.000 pound reward on the head of Col. John Pyle. As stated above, the son of Col. John Pyle and Sarah Baldwin, was Capt. John Pyle who married Sarah Brashear. Interesting that these three generatons of Pyles all married women named Sarah. Capt. John and Sarah Brashear Pyle moved west with their 3 sons, William, Abner and John, III. All three sons settled in the DuQuoin area of what was then Jackson Co., later to become Perry Co. John, III, known as Jack Pyle, married Mary Wells, known as "Pretty Polly", when she was 14 years old, in Christian Co. KY. They were married for over 40 years when Jack died about 1851. ( Polly was the daughter of Lewis and Elizabeth Bates Wells of Greenville Co, South Carolina). It is their oldest child, Sarah Pyle, who married Edward Schwartz, I and was the mother of the author of this diary.

Edward, II was married to Emeline Cecilia Reno, daughter of Eli and Rebecca Kirksey Reno of Randolph Co. IL. It is clear from his diary that he most often called her Emma or Emmaline, although she appears on the 1850 census for Randolph Co. as Cecilia E. It is not certain which name actually came first. After Eli Reno died of cholera in 1850, Rebecca married Henry Kimmel (second cousin, once removed to Edward, II) in 1855 and moved from Randolph to Jackson Co. bringing her two youngest daughters, Emeline and Rebecca, and son William Durgen Reno, with her. She became step-mother to Henry's children, some of who married brothers and sisters of Edward, II. Edward and Emeline had nine children, seven of which lived to adulthood. They were Ella, Mattie, Mollie, Lucy, John, Samuel and Josiah. William and Edward died as youngsters. John and Samuel were identical twins. Mattie Schwartz married William D. Kimmel so you can see how the Schwartz and Kimmel families intertwined through the generations. It isn't known what has become of all the Schwartz cousins...time and distance causing us to lose touch with one another. Descendants of Josiah (sometimes known as Joseph) still live in the area of Sparta, Illinois. Descendants of Lucy moved to Arizona and to Texas. It is believed one unmarried daughter of Sam Schwartz still resides in West Frankfort (1993) and the only descendants of John live in and near Cincinnati, OH.

Edward died 18 June 1904 at 78 years of age in Elkville and is buried in the Kimmel Cemetery.

A few historic happenings for the year of Edward's birth have been mentioned...but what else was going on during this year of his life? Ulysses S. Grant was President and in spite of scandal, was re-elected winning over Horace Greeley. Edward gives us his opinion of this in a diary entry. Roller skating, invented in 1866, became even more popular since skates were mass produced beginning this year. On April 29, the James Gang robbed the Deposit Bank in Columbia, KY...cashier R. A. Marshall was shot to death. Samuel Morse, inventor of the telegraph died on April 2. Lone Pine, CA suffered a strong earthquake on March 26..killing 27 of its 300 inhabitants and reducing the adobe buildings to rubble. Johann Strauss, famous composer from Austria, visited the U.S. and conducted his Blue Danube Waltz with an orchestra of 2,000 players. The Freedman's bureau, instrumental to aiding freed slaves since 1865, was allowed to lapse by Congress. The painting, "Whistler's Mother", by James Abbott McNeill Whistler, was finished. Montgomery Ward began mail order operations out of Chicago in August. The Idaho potato was developed by a Massachusetts scientist, Luther Burbank...also known as Burbank's potato. Boss Tweed was jailed for fraud. Buffalo Bill Cody helped feed the rail crews by killing over 4,000 buffalo. John D. Rockefeller, at 33, was on his way to becoming an oil magnate. And the United States was awarded $15.5 million from Britain for damages by British built raiders during the Civil War. This was the first time a major dispute was settled by international arbitration.

Now, let's see what happened in Jackson Co., Illinois in 1872.



This diary is owned by William H. "Duke" Casleton, great grandson of Edward, through Edward's daughter Lucy. Duke now lives in Irving, Texas. It was transcribed by Gayle Foertmeyer Putt, great great granddaughter of Edward, through his son John. Gayle lives in Forest Park, Ohio.

Edward Schwartz, II

Eva Lucy Schwartz                                 John Walter Schwartz

m. Everett Casleton                                         m. Emma C. Tanner

| |

William Homer                                             Ruth Marie (m. Driskell)

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                William H. "Duke" Castleton                    Virginia Louise (m. Foertmeyer)


                                                                      Gayle Marie (m. Putt)


                                                                        Nicholas Adam Putt


Throughout the diaries Edward refers to "juggles".  After much searching and asking others here is what we came up with:

1.The Britannica Dictionary says juggles is "a block of timber cut to a specified length" sent by Carol Scott.

2. This was sent to us by Charlie Qualls "I talked to my dad last night. He grew up in Kinkaid township. He was born in 1933 and spent the first 18 years there. They used to go to the woods to cut juggles. That meant to cut it into handling size. Usually to big to burn in a stove but small enough one man could move it. They cut wood year round though I prefer to do it when it's real cold out. He worked for some of the small lumber mills and they cut all kinds of wood for various uses. I don't know if this helps or confuses but when I said the word to him he said he hadn't heard that term in a long time."



The God of Heaven hath preserved our lives until the 1st day of the year 1872, for which let us praise his name. Let us give thanks unto Thee, the only true and living God for Thou hast been as a wall around about us. We thank Thee for the blessings of the past and ask for the continuations of like blessings in the future. We ask all in the name of Christ our Savior.

This was a dark and cloudy day. Froze some little last night but thawed some to day again. I went up to DuQuoin on the morning train and came down on the 9 A.M. train. I went up to Elkville in the evening. Our little Babe is better (he most likely means Eva Lucy who is about 13 mo. old at this time-gp). This was rather a dull New Year's day.


The day was cloudy throughout. Wind rather chilly and damp. Did not freeze any last night. Ella and Mattie went to school this morning. I was about the house most of the time in the forenoon helping Emma take care of Little Lucy. She is very cross, not very well either though she is improving slowly. I hauled load of shock corn and shucked some of the corn off. In the afternoon I went up to Elkville. While there I found that Jo. Robinson was married on yesterday. Dr. Babbitt and wife called in to see us in the evening.


Cloudy in forenoon but in the afternoon, some what cleared up The sun came out with its genial rays, some what reviving our spirits as it had been cloudy and damp-wet weather for several days back and we had "kindy got the blues". Turned cold and commenced freezing in the afternoon. Mr. Lemon was here. I bought his little yoke of steers. Paid him $35 for them. I also loaned him $25 besides. I borrowed $30 of Bro. Hiram & $10 of A. W. Skinner today. Emma went up to town in the afternoon. I stayed with the little ones until she came back. I went down to Mr. Lemons & brought my 2 steers home.


Nice and pleasant, clear with a prospect of being good weather for a few days. The ground froze slightly last night. I went up to Elkville after the feeding was over to get Skinner to fix stove boiler. I came by Bro. Josiah's home. Lizzie (Waters Schwartz-gp) is still sick. Adie is also sick. Old Maria washed for Emma today. I hauled load juggles in the afternoon. Gim helped me feed in the evening. Arth and Geo. Douglass came up late in the evening. We squared the directors book with Treas. book up to Jan. 3, 1872. (Two of Emeline's sisters married Douglass men but I'm not certain if there is a connection between them and this Douglass...all are spelled with the double "S".-gp)


Slight freeze with big frost this morning. Some what cloudy part of day and part of day clear. I went up, or over, to Ike's (Kimmel-gp) pretty early in the morning. He has a sick mare. He sent for me to help doctor her. She got better directly after I got there. When I got home, Emma went over to Josiah's to see how Lizzie & Adie are getting. Emma came back about 11 A.M. and reports the sick better. I sawed up some wood, etc. Gim hauled shock corn about 1/2 the day for me. Emma's mother (Rebecca Kirksey Reno Kimmel-gp) came here in the evening. I went over to Debate but there was none.


Rather a raw day, cold & cloudy with some snow and rain in the afternoon. I went down on the Little Muddy in forenoon for a load of juggles (what are juggles???-gp). I got back before 12 o'clock. After dinner, I started down to Millers for a load coal but it commenced snowing and sleeting so I loaded up with juggles & came home. I went up to Elkville in the evening. Emma's mother stopped with us last night. She went home this morning.

(Note: Emma's mother, Rebecca Kirksey, was born in North Carolina on 1 Sep 1802. She migrated with her family to Rhea Co. TN before 1821. It was there that she met Eli Reno and married him on 11-26-1821. . The 3 oldest daughters were born in Rhea Co., the remaining children were born in Hamilton Co. IL between 1830 and 1840 after the family left TN. Sometime about 1840, the Reno family moved to Randolph Co. IL and lived on a farm north of Chester near a place called Camptown for it was where the Gypsies camped every spring. Eli Reno died in 1850 of cholera and was buried on his farm. In 1855, Rebecca married Henry Kimmel, patriarch of the Jackson Co. Kimmels, and taking her youngest children, moved with him to Jackson Co. Henry Kimmel died on 31 Jan 1868. It is believed that after his death, Rebecca lived in the home of his sons Jacob and Abraham. It is believed, but not absolutely proven that Rebecca was the daughter of William and Elizabeth Robinson Kirksey. Children of Eli and Rebecca were Polly, Elizabeth, Matilda {whose death he notes in his 1870 diary}, Mariana{or Marana-not certain which is correct}, John Wesley, William Durgen, Cecelia Emeline and Rebecca.)


Snow fell last night to the depth of 4 or 5 inches. Is still snowing this morning. It was what we call a wet snow. It sticks to almost everything it touches. Snow melted some during the day (once or twice it changed into rain or rather mist of rain) Snow came down at one time pretty heavy in the afternoon. We kept pretty well housed until late in the evening. We all went out "sleding". We went over to Bro. Josiah's but was not away much over an hour. I am informed that there was no Sunday School today.


Thick, cloudy all day. It had a good appearance of more falling weather but did not come. A slight crust froze on the snow last night. I remained at home all day. I mended Emmaline's shoe, mended Mollie's also. In forenoon, I put new tongues in sled. Bro. Josiah came here for dung fork about noon. Hie Woods brought Old Maneria's girl (June) here. He wants her to stay here awhile. We consented to take her a few days on trial.


Had appearance in forenoon of falling weather but in afternoon clouds some what dispersed. Sun shining out now and then. The snow melted considerable to day. In many places the ground was left bare by the snow going off. I went down to Millers for load coal with sled. Had a pretty tough time getting back but finally came in which was near 1 o'clock P. M. About the middle of the afternoon, Emma, the two little girls and I went over to Dave Kimmel. We came by town. The little girls came home with us from school. Jane went home today.

(Note: Dave Kimmel is a son of Henry Kimmel. Dave's son, William D. Kimmel would one day marry Edward's daughter, Mattie- gp).


Early in the morning it looked as though rain or snow would surely come in an hour or so. But after the sun got up the cloud broke away and the sun shined out beautifully in the afternoon. We killed the ______ our fatting hogs today (3 head), Gim and Shadrack helped. We finished about 11 A.M. I went down to Miller's after dinner to take single tree home. I got back home at 3 P.M.. Old Mariah came up to take fat off of the______etc. Gim had team to haul wood to day. (Jack hauled) Gim took Old Mariah home at night.


This was a nice warm day overhead but muddy and quite sloppy underfoot. The snow very near left us to day. Such weather I always regard as unfavorable for health. Snow & mud together always make it very cold on the feet and cold feet generally lay the foundation of sickness of some kind. I cut up hogs and helped Emma render out lard etc. I was quite unwell to day and did not do much work. Rebecca came over in the afternoon (Emeline's sister-pg). Gim worked for me 1/2 day, salted my meat and hauled out a couple loads shock corn. Straw stack fell down and caught one of my steers.


Warm and clear or very near so. All the snow went today. Quite sloppy underfoot. Mud is very cold making it bad on the feet and not good for health. Not being very well again today. I did not do much beyond helping about the house, making and grinding sausage meat, etc. In the afternoon, Emma, Mollie, Lucy & I went up to school house to exhibition. I also went to mill but got no milling. Ella & Mattie came with me in wagon from school. Gim went over to help Hiram to day (so he said).


Wind in the North and some colder yet not cold enough to freeze until late in the evening. The sky in the North had a very blue cast indicating to my mind, cold weather. Clouded up some what in the afternoon with indications of snow. I hauled shock corn all forenoon. I hauled one load in the afternoon. Ell & Mattie went in the evening over to their Grandmother Kimmels (Rebecca Kirksey Reno Kimmel, Emeline's mother-gp). I took them as far as Ble___ lane in wagon as I went to mill. This was about 6 o'clock P. M. While at the store I heard that Martha Glotfelty was very sick. Bell Schwartz was here for flour and vinegar today. (Martha Dorch Glotfelty was the wife of Henry Glotfelty, who was a first cousin, once removed to Edward Schwartz. Henry's mother was Eliza Dively, daughter of Michael and Juliana Schwartz Dively, Juliana being Edward's aunt. Henry's father was Philip C. Glotfelty-gp)


The ground froze some last night- pretty cold all day to day yet not cold enough to be freezing. We started up to Sunday School about 10 A.M. but before we reached the school house we learned that Martha Glotfelty was dead. So we went straight up there and remained there until after 3 P.M. at which time we all started to graveyard. She was buried between 4 and 5 o'clock P.M. at graveyard by Isaac Kimmels. After the burial we came home. (Martha Dorch Glotfelty is not listed in the Jackson Co. Cemetery Record, Vol. III for Elk and DeSoto Townships...I would imagine this is because either her grave is not marked or the cemetery "by Isaac Kimmels" no longer exists. She is found on the 1850 Federal Census for Jackson Co. with her mother, Susannah Dorch, 45, TN; and her sisters Harriet, Eda Angelina and Susannah.-gp)


Wind high and in the North. Rather cold yet did not freeze during the day. We regard the weather as very pleasant. Roads are drying off very nice. If we have no falling weather the roads will be in fine condition for hauling in a few days. Emma, the 2 little ones (Mollie and Lucy-gp) and I went up to Dr. Babbitts. We took dinner with them. We started for home about 3 o'clock in afternoon. Got home about 4 P.M. Gim had my team to haul his to day. Old Maria was here and washed for us. Mrs. Babbitt gave Emmaline a calf. We brought it home with us.


In the morning when we first took a peep out doors, snow was falling thick and fast but did not last long. After the sun rose or was up an hour or so the clouds cleared away and was clear the balance of the day. Wind in the North West and pretty cold but otherwise was a very fine day. I went up to Elkville in forenoon but got back about noon again. I am not very well - have not felt very well for several days. I did not do much today beyond doing up the chores. Gim was away on the tie busyness (I suppose).


Big frost this morning. Ground froze pretty tight last night. Nice and clear in forenoon but some what clouded up in the afternoon. Went in wood for load juggles. Emma & the 2 little ones went with me as far as Sam Jenkinses. They waited there untill I came up out of woods with juggles and then we all came home together. I went up to Elkville at night but did not stay long. I was not very well to day that is I did not feel all right.


Cloudy most of the day. Sprinkled of rain late in the evening. Rather cold in the morning but thawed and got muddy in afternoon. I hauled 2 loads of juggles to day, one in forenoon and one in afternoon. I went across little muddy for them. Gim Jackson sold his heifer to George Douglass to day. Arth and Douglass came up here in the evening or rather after dark. Arth brought us up 1 doz. brooms. Arth and I settled. I paid him $175- bal. of amt due him on a/c.


A very wet snow fell last night to the depth of 3-4 inches. Snowed some in the morning and then turned to a mist of rain but did not last long. Snow melted about half during the day. Clouds broke away and had some appearance before night awhile of being fair weather again. But about sundown it had a different appearance. Emma went up to DuQuoin on the morning train and came back on the 9 o'clock train A.M. I as about house all day not doing much of anything. I shucked some corn, done the feeding etc. Little girls stayed at home to day - there was no school.


A slight freeze last night, cloudy almost all day. Snowed some in the evening. Think it turned some colder in the evening. I went to _____ before dinner. Hiram paid me $15.00 for Walter Wilson also school order making a total of $22. which amt is to be credited on Jesse Crow note I borrowed of Bro. Hiram Jan. 3rd $30. A. W. Skinner paid him back this amt. to day. I borrowed another $30 of Bro. Hiram which I paid to A. W. Skinner with the $10 I borrowed of Goe Jan. 3rd making $40. paid him. I did not do much today beyond feeding the stock. A stranger called to stay all night. He says he is a minister of the Gospel.


The ground is again slightly frozen. Clear day. Got quite sloppy in places in afternoon. The missionary that stopped with us last night left this morning shortly after breakfast. Ella, Mattie & I went up to Sunday School. We got back home shortly after 2 o'clock. After dinner, Ella & Mattie went down to their Aunt Sallie's .( This is Sarah Kimmel, who married Edward's brother, William. She was b. 4 Aug. 1829 in Somerset Co., PA and, died 4 Nov. 1920 in Carbondale, IL. She was the daughter of Henry and Rosina Geeting Kimmel and sister of Isaac and Dave Kimmel already mentioned in this diary-gp) Emma, the two little ones and I went over to Emma's mothers. We came home between 4 and 5 P.M.


Quite a pleasant day only a little muddy under foot. Clear the greater part of the day. Got some what cloudy towards evening. We killed the Hie Birdsong steer to day. Gim & George Douglass helped. I sold Douglass & Arth 200 lb. or 1/2 of the beef. It came to $11. and he paid me $5. down. I went up to Elkville in the afternoon. Got back about 5 o'clock. Gim went up to the mill to work after we got through butchering. There was no school today.


Snowed some last night, still snowing this morning but all together did not more than sparsely cover the ground. Wind in the North and quite cold all day. Cleared up somewhat in the afternoon. Little girls went over to school but soon returned, there being no teacher. She went to St. Louis and has not yet returned. I went up to Elkville a little while in forenoon. Skinner's store was broken open last night. They miss nothing but 2 prs. pants so far. Emma went up to town in the afternoon, was nearly sundown when she returned.


Quite cold today. Ground is pretty hard frozen. Cloudy most of day with good appearance of snow or rain in a few days. I did nothing beyond feeding in forenoon. In afternoon, I hauled some cord wood from brick yard and hauled a couple of loads shock corn. Rebecca was here very near all day (Emeline's sister-gp). Rebecca Coleman, Emma's cousin, came here in the afternoon. She says she left Chester yesterday morning. I went up to Elkville at night. Mother (Sarah Pyle Schwartz-gp) is sick but does not seem to be bad off.


This was a very sharp morning. Ground frozen pretty hard. Was cold all day. Part of the day clear and part cloudy. Think it will snow before long. In forenoon, I was about home sawing up wood, etc. Old Maria came & washed for Emma. Rebecca Coleman went over to Emma's mothers in the afternoon. Dr. Babbitt and wife were towards evening. Dean came just after dinner. I sold him cow. I went very near to the nine mile with him to assist in driving. Ed Newsome came here in the evening. He stayed over night with us.


Cold and ground hard frozen. Mr. Newsome stopped with me last night. He & I went over to Esquire Crews to be sworn in as commissioners to Partition the Humphrey land. David Kimmel was also sworn in or the same purpose. We all went to the six mile where the land is an proceeded to make partition. We came back home late in the evening. Emma's mother and Rebecca Ford were here when I arrived. Newsome went home with Dave. Gim Jackson done some feeding for me.


Not quite so (cold?) this morning as it was yesterday morning yet pretty cool all day. After the morning work was done, I went up to mill to take sack that I borrowed back. I went up to store while there Emma came in in buggy. We started home together but at Josiah's I went through the field and she went around. In the afternoon, Gim & I hauled in small stack of hay. I then went up to Elkville. Took white sow up to Sam's boar. Gim hauled load shock corn etc. Later in evening, Jo Pyle and wife came here to stay all night.

(NOTE: Jo Pyle is Joseph Pyle, Edward's first cousin. Jo was the son of Hiram and Catherine Dry Pyle and was born about 1845. His wife, whom he married on 8 Sep 1869, was Mary Smith. Hiram Pyle was the brother of Edward's mother, Sarah "Sallie" Pyle.-gp)


Turned very cold last night and to day was on o the coldest we have had this winter. Wind in the West very high and very cutting. Jo Pyle & wife were with us very near all day. They went home late in the evening. We were at home all day being rather too cold to venture out- hence we stuck pretty close around the fire. It froze harder last night to my opinion than any night this winter so far. Rebecca Coleman is still here.


This like yesterday morning, was a singer for cold. Everything in the house froze tight up last night. It was said by some that it was so very cold that coal oil froze. Through the day, it continued cold not moderating but very little even at noon. Wind continued in West and very sharp. We think it never gets much colder than it has been or the last few days including to day. David Kimmel and Leaper Gill came here just before 12. They took dinner with us. I then went with them up to Elkville. We went to Bents awhile and then to Ikes. From Ikes I went, or came home.

(NOTE: Leaper Gill - b. June 28, 1840, d. Nov. 2, 1907-from Jackson Co. Cemetery Records-fp)


Another one of the "cold ones". The air was stinging cold. We were up pretty early and after the feeding was done, David Kimmel and I went down to Murphysboro to see how our sheriff was getting along. We found things in better shape that we expected before we left home. Susan came over with Dave in the morning. She remained with Emma until we returned in the evening. Bents 2 little girls came home with our little girls from school in the evening. Gim fed for me in the evening.

(NOTE: Susan is Susan Thompson Kimmel, wife of David Kimmel-gp)


Not quite so cold last night and this morning. Turned very cold again just after sun up. Wind in North high and piercing. The forenoon was very much like last Sunday - was more moderate in the afternoon. I went for load juggles in forenoon and in afternoon tended to watering stock etc. Went up to town about middle of the afternoon. Lost my mittens while gone. Gim went off some where and did not return until lat in the evening.



The weather has moderated to some extent. Not so cold as it has been for several days past. Clear in forenoon but clouded up in the afternoon. Looking very much like rain or snow in the evening late. I was about home all day tending to stock and going other little jobs about the place. Rebecca came over (Emma's sister-gp) and remained here very near all day. She went home in the evening. Rebecca Coleman is still with us (Emma's cousin from Grand Tower-gp). Ella & Mattie got permission to go home with Bent Gills children to night. Gim hauled wood for himself. He hauled 1 load shock corn for me in the evening.


Commenced snowing early this morning and snowed often on all day. Snow about 3 inches deep in the evening. The "Ground Hog" did not get to see his shadow in these parts because at no time during the day did the sun shine out. Ell & Mattie were all night last night at Bent Gills. I went up to town in forenoon, came back before eleven o'clock. I was engaged very near all day tending to stock. I went up in sled for Ella & Mattie in the evening. Wind in east when first commenced snowing but soon changed around to North.


Warmer and much of the snow went off today. This is rather unhealthy weather from the fact that the air is warm the body keeps warm but the feet being immersed in the snow keeps them very cold and cold feet is not good because it breeds disease etc. I hauled 2 loads shock corn up to McCart above town to day. He paid me $5. amt. due for the 2 loads. I paid Dr. Babbitt on a/c $5. I also hauled load saw dust from the mill. I was very tired after my days work was done, felt like I wanted to take a little rest. Gim went off and didn't show himself all day.


Froze some last night. Not so cold this morning. Cloudy and snowed some about 10 o'clock A.M.

After which it misted of rain and thawed, making it some what sloppy in places. After all the feeding was done I hitched up the sled. We took Rebecca Coleman over to Emma's mothers and from there we all went over to Sunday School and from Sunday School home and remained all home balance of day. An old man who was begging called in the evening. We took him in to stay all night. Turned colder late in the evening. Wind in North West.


This was rather a disagreeable day. Homony snow and sometimes fine rain came down often on all day. Against evening the ground was covered and was pretty good sledding. I was about home in forenoon feeding, shucking corn etc. In the afternoon I went down to Millers for load stone coal. I got back about 4 o'clock P.M. Hauled load straw for cattle and horses. Then done up the balance of feeding. Came in took supper and then set around the fire. I paid Miller in full for all the coal got up to this date. Pd. him $2. to day.


Pretty cold in the morning but got warmer some after the sun rose. The snow and sleet that fell yesterday formed a perfect sheet of what might be termed snow-ice bearing up in most of places man and beast. Most of my time was take up during the day in feeding and watering the stock. In the afternoon, Emma, Molly, Lucy and I went on sled up to town. We got back home shortly after 4 o'clock P.M. Just after dark, Horatio & family, Josiah & family, Elizabeth & Mary, also Sarah Pyle gave us a call. We all spent an hour very pleasantly together. They all left again before 9 P.M.

(Note: Horatio, known to the younger folks as Uncle Rasch, and Josiah were brothers of Edward. I believe this Elizabeth was his sister, commonly called Bess. Mary is most likely his half sister, dau. of Sarah Pyle Schwartz and her second husband, George Schwartz. It is interesting that he refers to his mother here as Sarah Pyle instead of calling her Mother. George Schwartz was his uncle as well as his step-father. -gp)


Nice and clear. Warmer after the sun came up. Pretty cold in the morning. some of the snow and ice melted away to day and yet there was enough left for a good sledding. Gim helped me all day. We went in the woods for saw logs. Gim cut down oke tree and got 2 logs off of it. I hauled out 2 to the mill. Went to the shop to get sled fixed. Rebecca Coleman and Rebecca, Emma's sister, came over today.


A little frosty in the morning. Turned quite warm towards noon. Snow went off in the afternoon in a hurry. Gim and I went in woods again. I hauled 2 saw logs in forenoon and 1 in afternoon. Gim cut only 1 log for me to day. He chopped wood most of the day for himself. A stranger by the name of Collins called and begged for dinner. After which he sawed up some stove wood. Two young gentlemen put up with us for the night. Rebecca Coleman went away this morning. I went with her up to the station.


An other beautiful day overhead. Rather sloppy under foot. The snow melted considerably to day partly all gone. I was most of the day in the house taking care of Lucy. Emma done some washing & scrubbing to day. Bees were out capering around pretty freely. Late in the evening there was some appearance of rain. Gim helped me feed morning and again at night. He hauled 2 loads wood for himself. The two young ones that stopped with us last night left this morning. They ponded (pawned?) an overcoat for night's lodging and $2.00 each.


Somewhat cloudy in the evening but cleared away shortly after sun up. This was a warmer day than yesterday was. Very near all the snow went off to day. There was considerable wind towards evening which was very cold to the feet. In forenoon I sawed some grass seeds. Sowed all I had on hands. In the afternoon I cleaned out smoke house preparatory to hanging and smoking our meat. Old Maria was here to day. Gim went in woods to help fix a house for some colored woman or at least he said he was going.


Had some appearance of rain in forenoon but cleared up in afternoon. Not so warm to day as yesterday. We have plenty of mud and water. The frost is going out of the ground gradually.

Ella, Mattie & I went up to Sunday School after 10 A.M. It was after 12 when we arrived home.

After dinner, Emma took a ride on Lucy. She went over to Sallies and Sam Jenkinses. It was late when she got back home.


Still muddy and thawing out. Some what cloudy in the morning but towards evening rather cleared up. After the feeding was all done I churned for Emma 2 churnings. Then started to Elkville with sow but did not get further than the west end of my lane before I met with a beariur (does he mean barrier?) which prevented me going further. The mare fell down on my leg nearly crushing my ankle. Succeeded in getting home was in great pain all evening and part of the night. Dr. Babbitt, Bro. Josiah & Hiram, Mother & Gussie all called to see me in the evening. Gim fed for me etc.


Turned extremely cold last night. Wind very high and in the North West. Wind high all day today and quite piercing. My hurt ankle is some better this morning. It got easier about 10 o'clock last night. Slept some in the afterpart of the night. Physically I feel pretty poorly to day. Think I have some fever. My mother is still with us. Rebecca and Mrs. Savits came here to day. Bro. Josiah called in to see me to day. Gim done all the feeding and seeing to the stock. Old Maria came up and washed for Emma.


I rested pretty well last night. My ankle does not pain me much this morning but I feel rather stupid from having to be confined so closely. Last night was one of the coldest of the season and there is no abatement of the cold this morning. Wind extremely high all night, not so high to day. Mother still here but left us late in the evening. Ike Kimmel and Gimmy Savits called to see me in the afternoon. Lovin was here in the morning.

(NOTE: Ike Kimmel is a cousin to Edward, as are the other Kimmels mentioned throughout the diary-gp)


Not so cold this morning. The day was one of sunshine only a while in afternoon it somewhat clouded up. Emma went on morning train to DuQuoin with her butter. She did not get back until nearly noon the train being behind time. Rebecca was here last night and until today at noon. Dr. Babbitt and wife were here part of day. The iron bridge of the ICRR across big muddy fell down to day or a portion of it, so we learn. Gim is tending to the stock while I am confined. I am still mending.


Warmer with some mud and slop. Rained several showers last night, much water on the ground this morning. Emma went with Ella and Mattie as far as the R. Road when they started to school. The day was indeed a dark and dismal looking one . I am mending slowly. Think if I get no back set will be able to be about again in the course of 5 or 6 days. On one came to see me today. Gim is doing the feeding etc. for me.

(the following line is written and then X's out)

Gims folks have another baby. It made its appearance last night so they say.


This was a nice day over head but quite muddy & sloppy under foot. The ground was slightly frozen in the morning but soon thawed out after the sun rose. David Kimmel was here in forenoon. The time passed very agreeably while he was here. Emma went to Frank Brayshaw's in afternoon to get Matties shoes half soled. She did not stay a great while. Gim is doing the feeding etc. for me. I am still mending slowly. I am getting quite tired of the house. Gims baby was born this morning. (This apparently explains why the reference to the baby was x'd out on the previous date-gp) (Franklin Brashaw {25 Nov 1857 - 9 Jul 1902} was m. to Harriet Glotfelty {21 Mar 1843 - 18 Sep 1911}. Harriet was a dau. of Philip C. and Eliza Dively Glotfelty. Eliza was a first cousin to Edward Schwartz, Jr., author of this diary...her mother Julianna Schwartz Dively was the sister of Edward Schwartz, Sr. who was the authors father. -gp)


Nice and pleasant above feet but rather disagreeable below. The day was one of sunshine throughout. I am still mending but am not able to be around any, only hopping about the house occasionally which gives me a little exercise the want of which is beginning to tell on my general health and strength. Ella & Mattie went to Sunday School. In the afternoon Josiah & family came over. They spent the most of the evening with us. Dan Glotfelty and Frank Gray called in a short time in the afternoon to see us.


Plenty of mud and water...more when it gets thawed out fully. The day was a very nice and pleasant one over head. Clear and warmer than for several days past. I suppose I am mending slowly yet think it will be several days before I will be able to walk on my hurt foot. Maggie Jenkins came up here in forenoon and remained here until evening. Emma took her home but before starting the both went down to see Gim's new baby. Laura came home with our little girls from school. Gim hauled wood for himself etc.

(Note: Laura is Edward's niece, daughter of William Schwartz. In my records, I have that she died before 1872 but didn't record how I came up with that...apparently wrong...unless Edward records her death somewhere later in this diary.-gp)


The clouds indicate rain. Ground froze slightly last night but soon thawed out and became very muddy towards noon and throughout balance of day. Our Saccor Gall was sick in forepart of last night. Emma went down for Gim to come up and assist in giving her a drench. She soon got better & this morning appears all right again.(this is a horse...noted from his 1870 diary but he spelled it Sucker Gall in that one...sounds like she had a touch of colic-gp)


The weather has some indications of Spring having opened. We have slight freezes during the night but warm and pleasant through the day. Most of the day was clear. Mud is very plenty and will continue to deepen until all the frost gets out of the ground which will be several days yet without it should get much warmer. Bro. Hiram came over to see me in the morning. Benton Gills & E. J. Hackney both called in to day. Hackney took dinner with us. Emma's mother came here in forenoon. Old Maria washed for us to day. My foot is not mending very fast. Gim did the work etc. about the place.


This is what we might call one of the lovely days. The sun shone out brightly with a warm and genial air. Ground slight froze in the morning. The mud is drying up in a few places. If the present weather continues a few days longer, we will begin to think of farming being on hand. Emma's mother was with us last night. Emma took her home & Rebecca came back with her. Gim hauled me a load of hickory wood, hung meat etc. I went up to Elkville in the afternoon. First time that I have been away from home since my hurt. Little girls came home from school with me.


Clear most of the day. Clouded up and had appearance of rain in the evening. Wind in the South and high. Ground drying off very fast. Warm and pleasant outdoors. I was in the house all day. My ankle is gradually gaining strength, could bear some weight on it to day. In forenoon, I mended Emma's hoe. In afternoon wrote a couple of letters. One to Prairie and the other to John Reno. (John Reno, Emeline's brother-gp) Gim cut some wood, hauled shock corn, done the feeding, etc. Late in he evening he went to mill. Took a bushel of corn for me.


Weather continues very fine. Clear and very pleasant to day. Turned some cooler in the evening. Banked up in the West about sun set as though we would have some snow. Emma & I went up to Elkville in afternoon. Emma came back foot. I did not return until 5 o'clock P.M. Burrough's came over to see hay stack. He did not buy thinking I asked too much. Dr. Babbitt & wife called to see us in the afternoon. Arth VanPelt came up late in the evening & remained until about bed time.


Another clear day. Winter appears to be gone. We are having slight freezes during the night but warm through the day. Little girls (Ella & Mattie) went up to Sunday School. They came back about noon. Shortly after dinner was over Emma started up to Skinnes. She did not return until pretty late in the evening. I spent the day mostly in reading. No one called in to see hence was somewhat lonesome. (Ella is 11 at this time and Mattie is almost 9-gp)


Some colder this morning. The ground froze harder last night than any night for a week or so back. Cloudy all day or nearly so. Clouds had a faded appearance which to my mind nearly always presents indications of falling weather. . Bro. Hiram came over in the morning and pruned my grape vines for which favor I was truly glad and very thankful to him. He remained here until after dinner. Gim hauled a couple loads wood or juggles (if anyone figures out what juggles are, please let me know!-gp) for himself. he is still doing the feeding and other little work about the place or me.


Clouded up last night but nice and warm to day though was colder than few days back especially toward evening. I was about home all orenoon. In the afternoon I went over to Lancasters and then around to Elkville. I remained there until school was out then brought Ella & Mattie home. Rebecca & Polly are here with us. Came here to day. They did not stay long. Old Maria washed again for Emma. Gim plowed around and burnt off meadow besides doing the feeding.

(Note: I first thought Polly might be the oldest sister of Emeline and Rebecca but Polly, born in 1822 in Rhea Co. was 23 years older than Rebecca and died about the year Rebecca was born, in 1845. Polly Reno married a Constant Mezo, and I have found more recent Mezos buried in Jackson Co. Cemeteries. This Polly could be Edward's half sister, Mary, but he refers to her in other places as Mary. At this point I'm not sure who Polly might be-gp)


We are not a little surprised on getting up this morning to find it thick cloudy & colder again. Rebecca came here about 9 o'clock last night. Remained with us over night and until to day just after noon when she left for home. Emma went up to Du Quoin in buggy. She took butter and tallow. She got back home about 1/2 past 2 P.M.. I can begin to hobble about a little more apry as my ankle seems to be mending. Gim is still doing the chores and what other work that is necessary to be done on the place. Spit snow in the afternoon considerable.


On peeping outdoors this morning we discovered that snow to the depth of about 3 inches had fell during the night. Snow ceased to fall shortly after daylight. Continued cloudy all forenoon but cleared up in afternoon and the greater part of the snow melted away. I remained in doors all day. Could not get out very well on account of the snow as I could not get boot on my crippled foot. Nothing of great importance transpired to day worthy of note as I am aware of. Gim as usual is doing the necessary outdoor work. A man called in evening to buy some hay (Irishman).



Weather unsettled. Mostly clear in forenoon but cloudy in after part of day. Good appearance of rain or snow. Emma went up to Elkville in forenoon. Came back about 5 o'clock. Ella & Mattie remained at home today as there was no school yet they went up afternoon to rehearse pieces for the exhibition to night. I went up to town with little girls. This is tax paying day. I came home about 1/2 past 3 P.M. Little girls got home shortly after I did. Horatio (his brother-gp) came here in the evening. We all went up to school exhibition at night. It was quite a success. Ten o'clock when we got back home. Gim did the feeding etc.


Shifting clouds somewhat indicative of snow or rain were visible in the morning. Soon cleared up the sky looking lucid with appearance of fair weather. Some snow still on the ground but is disappearing rapidly. Considerable mud in places. Bro. Horatio and family (Horatio m. Lou Browning-gp) left here for home after breakfast awhile. Bro. Hiram was here a little while in the morning. He went off with Horatio. Gim Jacksons lost their baby last night. Philip Fager came up about noon. He is going to work for me this summer. I agree to pay him $13 per month until harvesting is over. Ground froze some last night.


Rather colder than it has been or a few days past. Mostly clear in forenoon but in the after part of day was cloudy. Yet not general only parsially so. Ella & Mattie went up to Sunday School. It was after 12 when they got back. Little Laura came home with them. (Laura is his niece- his brother William's child-gp) After dinner a while our little girls went home with Laura. My injured foot appears better but there is a severe hurting to calf of leg which prevents me working as well to day as yesterday. In forenoon ,I read in the scared Scriptures mostly in Paul's Epistles to the Philipians. in afternoon, went up to Ike Kimmels. Got back before sunset. Emma, the 2 little ones & Philip Fager remained at home all day.


Cloudy and clear alternately throughout the day. Banked up in the North West late in the evening which we regard as an indication of falling weather. Rather cool day yet comfortable out doors but more so in the house. I am still limping around- my leg hurting considerably about the calf. Was in doors all foremoon. Went up to mill and to town in the afternoon. Nearly 5 P.M. when I got home again. I sold Gim Jackson over coat for $4. also gave him order to Sam Schwartz & Co. store for $1.00. Total I paid him to day $5.00. Gim hauled sock corn and Phillip worked some in the garden etc. They hauled in Hungarian hay in forenoon.


A little skift (?) of snow fell last night but against noon had about all disappeared. Cloudy and rather a raw wind prevailed most of the day. Late in the evening had good appearance of snow or rain. I was housed most all day or in fact all day. Emma went up to Elkville in forenoon. Got back before noon. Philip went down home for potatoes (3 bush) He came by Millers and got half load stone coal. Pd. Miller for some $1.00. I also paid Phil up on old a/c. $1.00 Gim hauled his part of shock corn out and a load for me to day. Silkwood brought 4 schedules of Schools in Dist. 4, T7, R1West. Harwood came home with little girls from school.


The ground froze considerably last night. Cloudy and clear alternately through the day. I was in the house about all day. My leg is mending very slowly. Philip plowed for oats to day. He commenced late in the day on account of the freeze last night. Major Bourroughs hauled stack hay away to day. He paid me $15. He owes me a bal. of $5. yet on hay. Gim hauled wood for himself to day. Pete Greer came up. He wanted to go down and square his new house with compass. I did not go.


Wind in the east and quite chilly. Cloudy with appearance of falling weather yet in the evening it cleared up again and looked very much like we would have some more dry weather. Gim & Philip plowed for me today. They are breaking up for oats. Gim broke piece for potatoes. They planted all our early Rose in afternoon. I went down to Pete Greers to square place to build his house. I then went up to Elkville. I got back home before night. Dr. Babbitt called early in the evening. Johnny Davis & Decky got hay for Babbitt. Rebecca & Nan Morgan were here to day. Old Maria washed for Emma.


Rained a pretty good shower last night. Nice and pleasant this morning before noon but by evening got cloudy again and turned colder. I was not off of the place today...most of the day I was in the house. I am mending very slowly of my foot. Rather worse today if anything. In forenoon Gim sowed oats and Philip harrowed in . In the afternoon Gim plowed and Philip continued to harrow. Emma went up to town in the afternoon. She called in at school to witness the exercises. On her way home she stopped in at Josiah's. Got some newspapers there, etc. ( I think it says newspapers but it isn't too clear...newspa---------gp)


This is rather a colder day than any we have had for a week or so back. Wind in the North and pretty high- was high all last night. Wind was in the South most all day yesterday and blew like a regular March wind. Our Mattie went home with Laura from school yesterday ( I believe this is her cousin, Laura Schwartz, dau. of Edward's brother William- pg) evening and remained overnight with her. I was all day in the house, not mending much. Gim went to help Pete raise his house. Philip worked first at one thing and then at an other. In afternoon, went up to mill and late in the evening went over to Hiram's for lounge. Bros. Hiram and Josiah's were here an hour or so to day. ( I believe he means the families of Hiram and Josiah were there-gp)


This was a beautiful day. Clear until late in the evening but it clouded up in the West. Philip, Ella & Mattie went up to Sunday School. Was after 12 when they returned. The balance of us were not off the place. Belle Kimmel came home with little girls from Sunday School.. Ella went home with Belle in the evening (Belle L. Kimmel, b 13 Nov 1856, d. 13 Apr 1929, future wife of Thomas Kimmel b. 6 Jul 1852, d 9 Aug 1928. I'm not certain but I believe Tom Kimmel is the brother of William Kimmel who married Edward's daughter Mattie. They are all buried in the same row at the Kimmel cemetery-gp) with the intention of staying all night. Sam Jenkins and wife were here most all day. We all had a pleasant time together. I feel much better in my foot and leg to day but feel rather poorly in health. I read chiefly in the good Book today.


Wind high and snow falling when we got up in the morning. We found snow on the ground to a depth of about 1 1/2 inches which fell through the night. It is quite cold to day. Turned cold some time last night. There was not much done about this place to day beyond feeding and hauling in a few loads of shock corn. Gim helped Philip haul one or 2 loads. Gim also helped to do the feeding. I helped Emma so some sewing. Ella & Mattie were at school. A man by the name of Crocker was here to hire on to get a place to make a crop. Sam Jenkins move to town to day (so they say). Henry Begaman died out this day.


Cold this morning. Ground froze pretty hard last night. Mostly clear in forenoon but somewhat cloudy in afternoon. Wind cold and chilly all day. Gim and Philip plowed for oats very near all day. (They plowed for me). Preacher Babbitt came here about noon. He took dinner with us. I went up to Elkville towards evening. I brought little girls home with me from school. My crippled foot & leg is much better to day. Bot 1 bush of Early York potatoes to day of Sam Schwartz & Co.


This was a cloudy day throughout. Wind high in forenoon and in South, South west. Had considerable appearance of rain all day but did not come down- merely sprinkled a few drops late in the evening. Sam Jenkins, Gim and Philip all worked sowing oats for me to day. I went up to Elkville after breakfast to get plow sharpened. I went up to Dr. Babbitts for sacks & rope. It was nearly noon when I got back home. Old Maria was here a while today. Emma went down in the afternoon to Tom Davises to see about soap. I got a half bushel of "Goodrich" potatoes to day.


Commenced raining shortly after breakfast and continued until nearly twelve o'clock. This was the first good rain we have had in a long time. Pretty cold all day but turned colder towards evening. Continued cloudy all day. Sam Jenkins came to work. Plowed one round and then took out. He helped shuck some corn, came in house around 10 and waited until dinner after which he went home. Gim only helped an hour or so then quit. Philip worked about the place. He cleaned out the cow stable etc. I mended harness and set in house. Little girls went to school.


Ground froze pretty smart last night. Wind in north all day. Cloudy in after part of day but clear in fore part. Gim & Philip worked some at making fence in forenoon. In afternoon, Sam Jenkins helped them. I went up to town about 10 A.M. and got back just before noon. I got letter from John Reno (his brother-in-law-gp) in which he stated that Henry Begaman was no more having died on last Monday, 11th inst. Emma went over to her mother's (Rebecca Kirksey Reno Kimmel-gp) in the afternoon. Came home about 4 1/2 o'clock P.M. (Gim 3/4 day, Sam Jenkins 1/2 day).


Ground froze some last night. Cloudy very near all day. The prospect is apparently very good for rain. Sam Jenkins, Gim & Philip plowed and sowed oats for me all day. They finished piece North West of house and plowed and sowed about 3 acres in field toward R. Road. I mended Ella's shoes in forenoon and also helped Emma sew. I did the sewing on sewing machine. Emma did some washing to day & Ella did some ironing. Late in the evening a man calling himself John Baldwell who is both deaf and dumb called to stay all night. We took him in.


Rather cold & chilly, somewhat cloudy in forenoon but very near clear in forepart of afternoon and then clouded up again before night. We all went over to old school house to preaching. Martha Glotfelties funeral was preached by Morris. Our deaf and dumb man that came here yesterday went with us to meeting. A contribution was made by those assembled for the benefit of this poor & unfortunate man which resulted in collecting $10 which was placed in his hands. He came back home with us also. Old Mrs. Bingler came with us. Emma took her home in the evening. Philip went home but came back in the evening again.


Ground froze some again last night. Some what cold and chilly all forenoon. Turned warmer in afterpart of day. Clear with wind in South West. Sam Jenkins and Philip plowed for me all day. In the afternoon we planted some potatoes over at strawberry patch. Nan Morgan and Rebecca Reno (Emeline's sister-gp) were here part of day. They came just before dinner. Bro. Hiram called in towards evening. Our deaf & dumb man went away after breakfast this morning.


Wind in the north and cooler. Cloudy part of day. Had some appearance of dry weather. We are having a very cold spring. Only one or two warm days so far. The ground is in fine condition for plowing. People are all busy putting in their oats. Same Jenkins & Philip plowed for oats again for me. We planted 3 rows potatoes in garden to day. Bro. Josiah called just before noon but left again before dinner. Old Mrs. Hughs called in the afternoon. We learn, with pleasure that Mrs. Skinner has a very fine boy in which A. W. Skinner claims some interest, etc.


Ground is frozen pretty hard. Indeed this is quite a cold morning- was cold all day if anything, colder in afternoon than in forenoon. Wind in north and very high. Sam Jenkins did not work or me in forenoon but worked in afternoon. He & Philip plowed in piece West of house. They undertook to sow oats just after dinner but wind was too high. Emma done a big day's washing. I did not do much work of any kind. Took care of Lucy and helped Emma some. Clear in the morning but cloudy balance of day.


This is quite a cold morning. Ground froze very hard last night. Frost did not all go out of the ground through the day. Clear until late in the evening when it somewhat clouded up. Gim & Philip hauled oat straw in forenoon. In the afternoon the hauled in a load of sheaf oats after which Gim hauled in shock corn. Philip chopped some wood and reset some shrubbery. Emma went to DuQuoin on train with butter. She came back at 10 A.M. I went over to Isaac Kimmels to see about advertising for trustees section. Bro. Hiram and Josiah were here in the evening.


Snow fell to the depth of 2 or 3 inches last night. Continued snowing until nearly noon to day. Snow melted about as fast as it fell leaving leaving it about 2 or 3 inches deep when it ceased. I took little girls over to school in the morning. I took some corn over to mill in the evening- exchanged for meal and brought little girls home from school. Hiram, with the assistance of Josiah & Philip Gray moved picket fence to graveyard to day. Philip Fager shucked corn most of day.


Froze some last night. Ground still covered in the morning with snow but went away by evening. Very near clear all day. Sam Jenkins came over to work but did nothing, went home again. I was about the house all forenoon. In afternoon went up to convention to lend my assistance in the selection of candidates for the various offices under township organization. It was nearly sunset when I got home. Philip and Gim hauled wood - one load for us and one for Gim. I paid him $3.00 on work.


A slight freeze last night. Wind in the East & South. West wind rather chilly. Cloudy in the morning awhile but soon cleared up notwithstanding it got cloudy again before night. We all went up to Sunday School about 10 o'clock A.M. From Sunday School we all (except Philip and he came back home) went over to Emma's mothers. We remained there some two or three hours & then went to Hie Woods. The most of Woods family are sick or unwell. From Woods we came home. (Note: Emma's mother is Rebecca Kirksey Reno Kimmel, widow of Henry Kimmel-gp)


Commenced raining last night. Continued to rain until 10 or 11 o'clock A.M. Remained cloudy all day. Turned colder towards evening with wind in North West. Quite sloppy and in places some what muddy- I was in the house most of day look over papers etc. pertaining to school matters.

Emma removed onions out of door yard into garden to day. Philip shucked some corn, cut wood and done some other work about the place. Gim hauled 2 loads of rails from Old man Andersons. Him & Philip hauled load shock corn in the evening.


Another slight freeze last night. Cleared up this morning and turned some warmer. Was quite a fine day. Philip & I after feeding was all done, went up to Elkville. Took our old Susy sow up there. Philip came back right away. I did not get back until about noon. I stopped over at mothers (Sarah Pyle Schwartz-gp). Horatios were there. We all took dinner at mothers. In the afternoon we sowed some oats. Philip harrowed them in. Gim hauled shock corn for me in forenoon. In afternoon worked for himself. I went to town again in the evening. Tom Davises wife washed for Emma to day.


A very light freeze last night. The day was clear throughout. This was truly a very nice Spring-like day. A few more such days will (revive?) wheat and cause the oats that have been in the ground so long to sprout and come up. Philip and I were engaged most of day sowing oats below the barn in field towards R. Road. Gim worked for himself. Tom Davises wife came here to assist Emma in scouring up house etc. Simon Pyle called in a moment to day. Five Irish men called in the evening for something to eat. They dug up walnut tree & then went their way. (NOTE: Simon Pyle, b. 1834 is the son of Hiram and Catherine Dry Pyle, a first cousin to Edward Schwartz-pg)


Big frost in the morning. Clouds had appearance of rain in forenoon but towards evening clouds all disappeared and at sunset the prospect for rain seemed to have passed away. I went up to town in the morning. I got back before dinner. In the afternoon, I went across little Muddy to Taylors. He brought schedules here in the morning. I took them back to have them corrected. Philip brushed in oats in forenoon, in afternoon he plowed west of house for oats. Gim sowed oats for himself.


Nice and pleasant to day. This was the warmest day we have had for some time. In the afternoon it clouded up and for a while looked like rain but it did not come. In forenoon, Philip and I were sowing some oats. We got Ike Kimmel's drill and Philip drilled in some oats with it. I sowed my white Schoneu (?) oats to day. Philip harrowed and drilled oats all day. In the afternoon Emma, the 2 little ones and I went up to school house to witness the closing exercises of the six months school.


Commenced raining early in the morning and continued to rain very steady until about noon. In the afternoon it sprinkled occasionally with wind in the South West and pretty high. Towards evening clouds were ominous of rain, but did not come up. I started to Murphysboro in the morning, got as far as Ike's and waited until noon before we (Ike and I) got off. We went to Murphysboro and back. Got back to Ike's at 7. I got $200 of school supt. Ford's for the use of T7R1. Freeman King paid me $10 in full of due bill. Philip shucked corn, etc. (NOTE: Ike is Ike Kimmel. Freeman King was first married to Emeline Schwartz's sister, Rebecca. After Edward and Rebecca died, Freeman and Emeline married. After Emeline's death, Freeman gave up all claim to her estate saying it should be given to her children...from a court document - gp)


Wind was very high all last night. Stormed pretty severely once or twice. Thundered and lightened rained and hailed in fore part of night. Bold and blustery this morning with wind in the North. Cloudy all forenoon but towards evening began to clear up and by sunset, clouds had about all disappeared. Ella, Mattie & I went up to Sunday School. We came back by Bro. Josiah's. We got home about noon. Emma & little Lucy were at home all day. All the other girls went down to their Aunt Sallies in afternoon. Arth Vanpelt was here to day. He took dinner with us. (NOTE: Aunt Sallie is Sarah Kimmel Schwartz, widow of Edward's brother William who died on Sept. 22, 1871 1872 was a tragic year for Sallie, as you will note as you read on-gp)

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