Jackson County, Illinois
ANALYSIS OF CHARACTERS IN THE DIARY OF HIRAM SCHWARTZ
By Gayle M. Putt
2nd great grandniece of Hiram
In an attempt to analyze selected entries from the diary, I will first quote the entry and then give an explanation. The diary does not have an entry for each day, several days at a time are often skipped. Some days, for which there is an entry, have nothing worthy of comment. Nor will I comment on names repeated in subsequent entries unless the entry is of interest for some other reason. The entire 1861 diary makes no mention of individuals that I am able to make comment on. So here goes, starting with 1865...I hope that this may be a least a little interesting for those with an interest in this family and the history of Jackson County.
Tuesday, January 24, 1865
Helped Ike haul wood.
Ike is, in all probability, Isaac Kimmel. Hiram and Ike are 3rd cousins. The Schwartz and Kimmel families are closely related and marriages between the two families occur in several generations.
Thursday, January 26, 1865
very cold weather
Wrote to Rash
Rash (pronounced with a long A) is his brother, Horatio. It is believed that Horatio lived in Benton at this time.
Monday, January 30, 1865
Hauled a load of wood and a load of Shuckfodder
Went to church at night
Killed an owl at Glatfelty
Glatfelty's paid taxes $20.70 in money &8.65 in co. orders
The Gladfelty's, as the name is correctly spelled, were friends and neighbors of the Schwartzes. The Gladfelty name appears many times in the diaries of the various Schwartz family members.
Tuesday, February 7, 1865
Josiah's Baby died
Josiah is Hiram's older brother, b. 1838-d. 1927. Josiah was married to Elizabeth E. Waters (Watters) b. 1840-d. 1924. This was their first child, a daughter. According to cemetery records of Jackson Co., p. 44 of Vol. III, "SWARTZ, Infant Daughter of J. & E. E., d. Feb. 7, 1865, aged 7d."
Monday, March 6, 1865
Plowed a little for cotton
Chris came from the army
Chris is Christopher Casleton. He first appears in Jackson Co. records on the 1860 census working as a farm hand for Hiram's older brother, Edward. However, on the census, his name appears as Passelton. Christopher was born in New York on 10 Sep 1840 and died 31 Dec 1917. He was a private in Co. E, 15th Illinois Cavalry. In later years, the Casletons and Schwartzes became in-laws when two of Edward's daughters married two of Christopher's sons. Descendants of both families are still in touch today, 133 years later.
Monday, April 10, 1865
Grafted Eddy Cut-Stocks
Settled with E. Sifre
Eddy is Edward Kimmel, nephew of Hiram. Eddy was the son of Joseph and Isabella Schwartz Kimmel, born in 1850. He was orphaned at 4 years of age and went to live with his grandmother, Sarah Pyle Schwartz. Isabella Schwartz d. in 1852, Joseph in 1854. On the 1860 census, Eddy is living with his Uncle Edward and Chris Casleton, helping out on Edward's farm. As Eddy grew, he helped out at the store of Samuel Schwartz, another uncle, and when he reached adulthood, he moved to DuQuoin, married Alifair (Alice) Onstott, and earned his living as a merchant. The Onstott family were also merchants.
Monday, April 17, 1865
dolly foalded (foaled)
Commenced sowing oats
Sold 2 sorrel 3 year old Mules to S. Pyle for $215.00
S. Pyle was, no doubt, a cousin to Hiram Schwartz. There are a number of S. Pyles that this might be...Socrates, Samuel or Simon. Although there is no way to know for certain, I believe it must have been Simon Pyle, b. 1834 to Hiram and Cathrerine Dry Pyle. Simon was a first cousin to Hiram Pyle and it is known from the diaries of Edward Schwartz that there was much contact between the Schwartz and the Hiram Pyle family. As mentioned previously, Hiram Pyle's family was about the only one of the Pyles to permanently settle in the vicinity. Many of his siblings moved on into Missouri after 1852. Although all three of these S. Pyles were related to Hiram in some way, Simon seems the most likely of the S. Pyles to have purchased the mules.
Tuesday, April 25, 1865
Mr. Christopher Casleton was married to Louisa Davis
Sheared 17 sheep
Plowed for corn
Planted sugar + corn
The association of Christopher Casleton to the Schwartzes was already covered. However, on the 1860 census, we find the family of Elias Davis living not too far from the farm of Edward Schwartz, where Chris worked prior to enlisting to serve the Union in the Civil War. Louisa, daughter of Elias and Delitha Davis, was born about 1847, appearing as 13 years old on the census. It would seem apparent that Louisa and Chris knew each other prior to the war from living in the same general area, for they married within two months of his return. He was 7 years her senior.
Saturday, Mary 27, 1865
Horatio & Leon & Jed come from Benton a visiting
Horatio is his brother, often called Rash (pronounced with long A). It is not known who Leon and Jed are. We learn years later, from the diary of Eva Lucy Schwartz, daughter of Horatio and Hiram's brother Edward, that Horatio migrated to Idaho. Her entry states: "Uncle Horatio starts for home, Idaho, this evening, June 23, 1895, Sunday evening".
Tuesday, May 30, 1865
Hauled 10 loads of manure in hill
James Shinglitose & Catherine Thouse were joined together in holy wedlock.
As is the case in many of these old diaries, the penmanship is often poor, or the pages are torn or faded. I believed this was a case of not being able to decipher the proper name. The name "Shinglitose" seemed too unusual to me so I did a little investigating. I found that a James Singleton, age 23, appears on the 1860 census as a farm hand for Philip Kimmel. As noted before, the Schwartz and Kimmels are closely associated. In this case, Philip Kimmel was not only a 3rd cousin of Hiram Schwartz, but he was his brother-in-law as well. Philip married Eliza Schwartz, Hiram's sister. So it seems very apparent that Hiram would know James Singleton well enough to make mention of his wedding in his diary. Catherine, however, I cannot find. If Thouse is her correct name, it is not listed on the 1860 census. I thought it might have been House, as there were quite a few House families in the area, but I could not find a Catherine House. But I am quite certain that James Singlitose is, indeed, James Singleton.
Monday, June 19, 1865
Cut wheat for Mason. half-day
Returned from Benton
I am not entirely certain who Mason is but there is a Schwartz-Mason connection...in a round-about way. Hiram's brother, Edward, married an Emeline Reno in 1860. Emeline had a sister named Araminta Jane Reno who married a James Mason. It is possible, but not proven with the information at hand, that this Mason might have been Araminta's husband. It is believed that this Mason family moved away from IL prior to 1870, possibly to Iowa. In his 1870 diary, Edward Schwartz mentions that he received word of "Mrs. Mason's death". There is no mention of attending a funeral, which surely they would have done had it been close. There is also a mention of Emeline, sister of Mrs. Mason, going to the cemetery to take care of the Mason boy's grave. Had the Mason family been in the area, one would certainly think they would have seen to this task.
Saturday, June 17, 1865
Property assessed amt. $16.85
Sam and Eddy went to Benton
Lizzie is Hiram's sister, Elizabeth Schwartz. Sam is his half brother, Samuel Schwartz and Eddy is Edward Kimmel, his orphaned nephew, son of his sister Isabella and Joseph Kimmel.
Friday, June 23, 1865
thinned cotton and sugar cane
Eddy helped Glotfeldy harvest
Cut English bluegrass
Eddy, as mentioned above, is Hiram's nephew but Glotfeldy is one of Hiram's neighbors. On the 1860 census, Hiram lives in household #73. Household #72 is Henry "Clodfelty". Another Glodfelty family lives at household #69...Philip "Clodfelty". It seems more likely to me that this mention refers to Henry. Regardless, it is obviously one of his neighbors.
Sunday, June 25, 1865
Went to Sunday School and to meeting preaching by Br Bantau
Wa'ly Gray and Henry [?] returned from the Army.
"Wa'ly Gray" is Wiley Gray, a neighbor of the Schwartzes according to the 1860 census. There are also several mentions of Wiley Gray in the 1872 diary of Edward Schwartz, who lived only 2 doors from Wiley. Cemetery records for Jackson County show that Wiley did serve in Co. K, 73rd Ill. Infantry during the Civil War. He died on 4 Aug 1917 age 91y, 11m, 20 days.
Wednesday, June 28, 1865
W. J. Watters Returned to Elkville where he is Keeping Store
Put up hey
I suspect that W. J. Watters is the father or some other relation to Elizabeth E. Watters (Waters) who married Hiram's brother, Josiah. There are no Watters families on the 1860 census which would be in keeping with the statement that he "returned to Elkville". Again, I have no proof that this is a relative of Elizabeth, but entirely likely.
Thursday, July 6, 1865
Helped Jo. tie oats a few hours after which we came out put up my hay Arth helped a little over halfday.
Jo. is obviously his brother Josiah. Arth is most likely Arthur VanPelt, although not proved. There are many mentions of Arth VanPelt in the diary of Hiram's brother, Edward. Judging from the nature of the entries, Arth's main occupation seemed to be a carpenter or kind of "jack-of-all-trades".
Saturday, July 8, 1865
Jo. helped haul in hay 4 loads
Went to Eds and finished putting hay just at quitting time.
Jo, again, is Josiah and Ed is his brother Edward Schwartz.
Tuesday, July 11, 1865
Cut oats for Ed
Eddy went for the Dr. for Emmaline
Eddy and John thinned corn
Ed, of course, is Hiram's brother. Emmaline is Ed's wife.
Eddy, again, is Eddy Kimmel, nephew to Hiram and Ed. Can't say who John might be for certain but possibly John Kimmel, age 13 and son of David and Susan Thompson Kimmel. David Kimmel was a third cousin to Hiram.
Sunday, July 16, 1865
Went to church to here Mr. Hiller preach the funeral of Mrs. Brayshaw.
While I'm not certain exactly who this Mrs. Brayshaw is, the Brayshaw family and the Schwartzes were long time friends. There are many mention of Frank Brayshaw in the diary of Edward Schwartz. Perhaps this is his mother, Martha.
Thursday, July 20, 1865
Hoed cabbage purned Tomato vines
Made frame to support them
Went to Eds to See how Ella was
Tough potato bugs
Friday, July 21, 1865
Started early for the Dr To attend on Ella
Ella is Hiram's niece. It would seem from recent and future entries that there is some sort of illness making the rounds. The July 11th entry mentions getting a Dr. for Emmaline, now Ella, her daughter is ill, and in August we find other evidence of illness in the family.
Monday, July 24, 1865
Commenced breaking ground for timothy. Settled with Wm.
Received $15.00 for little horse. Settled for the Sheep.
15/00 fruit trees 6/70
William is Hiram's oldest brother. The wife of William was Sarah "Sallie" Kimmel. Sarah was William's third cousin. Two other Schwartz siblings married Kimmel siblings...as already mentioned, Isabella Schwartz m. Joseph Kimmel. Eliza Schwartz m. Philip Kimmel. There would be other Schwartz/Kimmel marriages in future generations.
Tuesday, July 25, 1865
Wrote to Rash. Went to the Store with Jo. Stopped at the quilting coming back and took dinner went to Jo Robinsons got apples.
Rash, as noted before, is Hiram's brother Horatio. The first mention of Jo is likely his brother, Josiah. Jo Robinson is found on the 1860 census at household # 22. He is 29 years old, a farmer, and living alone. He is also a next door neighbor of Ike Kimmel, Hiram's cousin.
Sunday, August 6, 1865
Attended M. E. Church in the morning and in the evening went to Ed's. Little Willie died fifteen minutes of 8 o'clock.
Monday, August 7, 1865
Helped dig Willie's grave. Went after Dr. for Ella
Little Willie is Hiram's nephew, William Allen Schwartz. He is the son of Edward and Emeline Reno Schwartz. Willie was born on 19 Sep 1864 so was not even a year old at his death. As we see by the entry for August 7th, his sister Ella is also ill. Ella was born 20 July 1861, an event that went unrecorded in Hiram's diary for 1861. Ella survives this illness, goes on to marry Will Leming and produces two children. Ella lived to the age of 45, dying in 1906.
Thursday, August 10, 1865
Put-apples in dry house
Eph Len & Ferd came home
Eph is most likely Ephraim Pyle, Hiram's first cousin and son of Hiram and Catherine Dry Pyle. I can't say who Len & Ferd are. But apparently all three were off fighting in the Civil War.
Monday, August 14, 1865
Meeting closed wihch was held by Bro Baudau & Mulkey. 2 baptized Christian Church organized by electing Wm. Schwartz Elder, Ed Schwartz & A. Nasley as Deacons.
William and Ed Schwartz were the oldest brothers of Hiram. These two older brothers were always very active in community affairs, serving on various boards and committees. Edward, in his 1872 diary, frequently mentions his involvement with the county schools. The name Mulkey has indirect connections to the Schwartzes. As mentioned before, Hiram's grandmother was Mary Wells Pyle. Mary's sister, Martha Wells, married a William Williams while the family was still in Greenville Co. SC. but moved westward into KY and IL with the rest of the family. The Williams line of this family connects to the Mulkeys of Jackson Co. While the connection is not clear to me, this information comes from Shirley Williams of North Hill, CA, a descendent of the Wells and Williams line.
Wednesday, September 13, 1865
Took Lizzy and Mary to DuQuoin Seminary to School.
Eddy picked cotton
Lizzy is his sister, Mary is half sister. Eddy, again, is Eddy Kimmel, nephew to Hiram.
Thursday, September 14, 1865
Went to Du Quoin after Uncle Hiram's seed sower, sowed about 2 1/2 acres Timothy Seed.
Eddy picked cotton George Kimmel helped 1/2 day owe George
Uncle Hiram is, of course, his mother's brother, Hiram Pyle. Hiram was an M. D. but only performed a limited practice. It is said he was also a spiritual medium and often had seances at his home. Apparently, he also farmed a bit. George Kimmel, to the best of my knowledge, would be the son of Isaac and Sophronia Snider Kimmel. In 1865, he would be about 9-10 years old, old enough I suppose to help pick cotton. David Kimmel also had a son named George but he was not yet born when this diary was written. Isaac and David Kimmel were brothers and 3rd cousins to Hiram Schwartz.
Saturday, September 16, 1865
Sowed Timothy Seed in field next to Henry's
In all liklihood, Henry is his neighbor, Henry Glotfelty.
Friday, September 22, 1865
Cut up corn
Simon Crew helped
John Adms. Ed & John House picked cotton due them on days work picking cotton Article for G. Schwartz 2.75 unpaid.
Simon Crews was the son of Joseph and Sarah Robinson Crews, b. abt 1846. On the 1860 census, he is found along with two brothers, Jesse and John Quincey Adams Crews, living in the home of their grandparents, John and Bebiaretta (Belveretta?) Robinson. John Adms., above, is Simon's brother, and seems to be refered to as John Adams throughout the diary. An Eliza Crews, possibly a sister, is living in the home of Jacob House, neighbors of the Robinsons. Apparently these Crews children were orphaned. Ed and John House, as mentioned in the above entry, are the sons of Jacob House. Ed (Edmund) would be about 11, John about 9. On the 1860 census, the Houses live about 6 doors from Hiram. There is also another brother mentioned at times in the diary names Jo. This would be Joseph, age 13. G. Schwartz, is probably Hiram's uncle (and step-father), George Schwartz.
Saturday, September 23, 1865
Went to DuQuoin to Eds & John House.
Picked cotton unpaid.
I had an attack of Ange. John & Ed & Jo House picked cotton.
This entry is significant in that Hiram suffered an attack of Ange, which I believe from other entries, is anguish. This is probably a case of poor or faded handwriting and the original transcriber of the diary couldn't figure out the entire word.
In July of 1866, Hiram goes to Kenosha, Wisconsin to a Dr. Seeley's for treatment of anguish. This is the only other reference and first indication of this problem. The House men mentioned are most likely friends as there are some House families in Jackson Co. Although DuQuoin is Perry Co, these are possibly relatives of the Jackson Co. Houses.
Monday, October 9, 1865
Ben Savitz built pd furnice at Philips charged 2.50
Hauled 2 loads of wood there on one of cane.
Benjamin Savitz is found on the 1860 census spelled as Sevits at household # 33. He lived in the area of several of the Kimmel families. He was 42 at the time and born in PA. There is also a mention of Mrs. Savitz in the diary of Edward Schwartz in 1872. Ben's wife was named Clarissa, age 35 on the 1860 census and also born in PA. She came to Edward's to purchase shrubery. Although I don't believe there is any blood connection between Ben Savitz and the Schwartzes, he is buried in close proximity to the William Schwartz family. Benjamin died on 21 DEC 1872 at the age of 54y, 11m and 26 days. Edward Schwartz does not mention the death of Ben Savitz, in his 1872 diary.
Tuesday, October 10, 1865
Made 11 gal. Mollases on Philips Mill
Loaned Philip $50.00 pd. 16"Dec for a few weeks
Josiah & Lizzie helped Eddy fed the mill
Philip is Philip Kimmel. He owned and operated a lumber mill, perhaps also a grain mill, in the county. I believe he was in partnership with William Schwartz, his cousin, but am not certain of that. Philip Kimmel is a 3rd cousin to the Schwartz brothers. Josiah is Hiram's brother and Lizzie is most likely Josiah's wife, Elizabeth Waters (Watters). Eddy, is Eddy Kimmel, nephew to both Philip Kimmel and Hiram Schwartz.
Friday, October 20, 1865
uncle Jake come
Simon Crews commenced picking cotton at 2 cents per lb the whole patch.
Uncle Jake is Jacob Schwartz, brother of George and Edward Schwartz. Hiram, of course, is the son of Edward. Jacob was the only one of the three Schwartz brothers who first settled in Jackson Co. to settle outside of Elk Township. It is believed he lived near Makanda. He married an Irish girl, Mary Patterson. I am still trying to piece together this family.
Wednesday, October 25, 1865
Simon & co picked 88 lbs. cotton
Hauled load corn
Went to Jo Davis to the tiral of Robert Madden who stole $170.00 from Robinsons.
Simon & Co. were Simon Crews and his brothers, Jesse and John Adams who had been helping Hiram pick cotton all season. Jo Davis is found on the 1860 census as household #835, age 44, born KY. He lives in Twp 8 Range 1 West near DeSoto and I don't believe he has any particular connection to the Schwartzes, unless he is related to Elias Davis. It was Louisa Davis, dau. of Elias who married Chris Casleton and in the next generation, two Casleton boys married Schwartz girls. But there is no known direct relationship between the Schwartzes and Davises. The Robinsons, however, were friends and neighbors of the Schwartzes and thus Hiram's interest in the trial. Wish he had said how it came out!
Sunday, November 12, 1865
Mother took sick with severe chills
Mother is Sarah Pyle Schwartz, born 1807 in Christian Co. KY. Married Edward Schwartz, Sr. on 9 Dec 1824. After Edward's death about 1841, she married his brother George. Sarah, or Sallie as she is sometimes referred to, was the dau. of John "Jack" Pyle and Mary "Polly" Wells. Jack Pyle was the grandson of Col. John Pyle, a soldier for the British during the revolution. Col. Pyle was convinced by General Washington that he was "on the wrong side" and gave sensitive documents and battle plans to Washington's army. It is said that he was instrumental in the surrender of Cornwallis as a result of this. Mary Wells was born in Greenville Co. SC and was the dau. of Lewis and Elizabeth Bates Wells.
Sunday, December 17, 1865
James Sarvitz come home from the army, come home in the morning at 5 o'clock
While I'm not certain, I believe this James Savitz to be the son of Benjamin Savitz. The family is found on the 1860 census in household #33. James, however, is only 11, making him just 16 or 17 in 1865. It is well known that many soldiers in the Civil War were little more than boys and it would seem this is true in James Savitz case. I find no other James Savitz in the county who this might have been.
January 1, 1866
Received of Edward Schwarz $70.00 of which he reserved $17.18 making $87.18. The sum due me form John Gill for cotton Paid Wm. $140.00 for wagon.
Edward Schwarz, in spite of the spelling, and William, were Hiram's brothers. John Gill is found on the 1860 census at household # 934, age 55 b. in VA. The Gills were among the earliest settlers of Jackson Co. and although I have not studied this family, John Gill is likely part of this family. There is no known direct relationship to the Schwartz family.
January 2, 1866
Went to see Jake House and to all 40 cts. day for his boy picking cotton
Jake House is a neighbor of Hiram's, living about 6 doors from his, according to the census. Jake has three sons old enough to pick cotton...Joseph, who in 1866 would have been about 13, Edmund who would have been about 11, and John, who would have been about 9.
January 24, 1866
Wrote to Grandmother
Hiram's two grandmothers were Mary "Polly" Wells Pyle and Catherine Kimmel Schwartz. However, as Catherine died in Pomona, IL in 1854, in this case he must be referring to Polly Pyle. Polly was born in Greenville Co. SC to Lewis and Elizabeth Bates Wells on 29 March 1792. She married Jack Pyle near Hopkinsville, Christian Co., KY in 1806 at the age of 14. At the time of Jack's death in 1851, they had been married about 44 years. After the death of her husband, Polly moved west to Allendale in Worth Co. MO in 1853 and lived with her son Octavius. She died in Allendale on 22 June 1869. As mentioned previously, Hiram Pyle also left for MO but soon returned to IL. Two other sons of Polly, Ulysses and Cortez were also known to have gone to Missouri, as well as other branches of the family, including some Williamses. Octavius Pyle even later moved his family to Montana but soon returned to Missouri, possibly due to Indian troubles still occuring in that area. While first in MO, Octavius purchased large tracts of land and sold them to friends and family in IL. Two brothers, named Allen and somehow related to the Pyles, purchased some of this land and they were the founders of Allendale. It is known that Hiram's brother, Edward Schwartz, must have purchased some of this land as in his 1870 diary, Edward mentions writing to Uncle Octavius regarding selling his Missouri land to Uncle Ulysses.
January 28, Sunday, 1866
Came home, stopped by Robinsons. Jo. came to meeting with me. Went to Williams in evening to see how Henry was getting.
The Robinsons, as mentioned before were neighbors of Hiram's. Jo. is most likely his brother Josiah. William is his oldest brother and Henry is William's son. Henry apparently was ill. We know from the 1872 diary of Edward Schwartz, that Henry died in November of 1872 (age 17) of some unspecified illness. Many family members also suffered from the illness and two others, sisters Lucy (age 19 mo.) and Isabelle "Belle" (age 14) also died in 1872 from this illness. William had already passed away in September of 1871.
March 27, Tuesday, 1866
Roach plowed the orchard quite at 4 O'clock
M? Kennedy's moved to Carbondale
Wm. and Eddy went to move Rash out here.
March 28, Wednesday, 1866
Rash moved here brought some of his stock
Roach is Hiram's hired help. There are several Kenedy family's in the county but I can't be certain which one he refers to here. William and Rash (Horatio) are Hiram's brothers and Eddy is Eddy Kimmel, their nephew. It seems apparent from this and other entries that Horatio moved back home from Benton.
April 27, Friday, 1866
Went to Eastman's Literary Society the order of exercises were essays, Declamations, select reading subject prepared for discussion at next meeting. Resolve that a bachelor is happier than a married man.
From all of the April entries, we know that Hiram is in Chicago attending some sort of school. He mentions Sam (his half brother) being with him, boarding at Mrs. Pinkhams, being ill, etc. But this last line is of interest. We know that Hiram never married but at this time he is only about 25 years old. One wonders how he came to this resolution and if it was while in Chicago that he perhaps decided never to marry! I also wonder if it was planned that Rash would come home about this time to work the farm while Hiram was planning on being away in Chicago.
Monday, June 4, 1866
Took a bath 25 Berries & sugar 20
Received $12 from L. R. Daniels in full of all account.
Loaned him 8 to go home on and 4 dolls due for board at Mr. Sington's.
L. R. Daniels is Lev Daniels, we learn from a latter entry. It appears that he was a "roommate" of Hiram and Sam. On May 5th, they had left Mrs. Pinkham's boarding house for a new room, with no board, at Mr. Singtons.
Thursday, June 28, 1866
Paid for room to Mr. Sington $9.00. Sam & I went to Kenosha. Left Chicago 9 o'clock on the Comet, arrived there about 1 1/2 o'clock Cost $1.25 each.
Friday, June 29, 1866
Came from Kenosha on cars. got here at 10 o'clock at Chicago. Bot Sam a suit of clothes cost $22.00. Eddy and I a hat a piece $6.50 Filter 4.00 Paid for a ticket to go home $12.25 and loaned Sam $5.00 Started home on 10 o'clock train.
Saturday, June 30, 1866
I left Chicago at 9 o'clock for Kenosha came on train. got here at 11 1/2 and put up at Dr. Seeleys. Paid him $12.00 25 cts for one weeks lodging and treatment
$1.80 for passage car and 25 for hauling trunk. Had a hand bath in the evening by Nigger John.
From these 3 entries, we see that Hiram and Sam went to Kenosha, returned to Chicago and then Hiram returned the 3rd day to Kenosha. He pays Dr. Seeley for lodging and treatment...we can only wonder what sort of treatment for what sort of ailment.
He does mention in later entry that he feels anguish.
Wednesday, July 4, 1866
Awoke this morning with the booming of salutes which continued about all day. Went over in the City of Kenosh and saw the Fucillers exhibit themselves. Took a ride on on horseback a few miles up the lake. Went to the Post Office Stamps and ? 40 c Saw fire works.
Riding along the lake, would be, of course, Lake Michigan. Just interesting what he did on the 4th of July. Throughout the month of July, Hiram did lots of horseback riding, buggy rides, bathing...sitz, spray, hand bathes, walking in gardens, etc. This sounds as though he is being treated for some sort of emotional distress. Dr. Seeley's seems as though it is some sort of sanitarium. But that is just a guess.
Saturday, July 21, 1866
paid for washing 25 Dr. Seeley for treatment one week
12. Felt anguish symptoms. Very heavy rain
Sunday, July 22, 1866
Rather cool more rain Took spray bath in morning. Still felt anguish.
Based on these entries, it looks pretty conclusive that Hiram was in Kenosha for treatment rather than just a vacation of sorts.
July 24, 1866
Paid Dr. Seeley $15.00. Left Kenosha on 8 1/2 o'clock train. Arrived at Chicago 11 o'clock. Took D with Mr. Sington & tea. Bt. of him accordian P. folioes at the amt. of $11.00. Left Chicago at 10 P.M.
Mr. Sington was apparently the proprietor of Sington's hotel or boarding house in Chicago. Also in his June 28 entry, Hiram mentions paying Mr. Sington $9.00 for his room. On June 27, he mentions that H. H. Taylor came to visit them at Singtons Chicago Ill.
Wednesday, July 25, 1866
After a pleasant ride arrived home at 12 1/2 o. Let me off at Elkville. Borrowed horse of Mr. Watter. Went to Philips. They harnessed up and took me home where Mother and Sisters ran to greet me with hearty welcome.
So Hiram, after two months of school and treatment, has returned to Elkville. Mr. Watter, it is believed is the father of Josiah's wife, Elizabeth Waters. Philip would be Philip Kimmel, his cousin and brother-in-law. Mother, of course, is Sarah Pyle Schwartz and Sisters, still living at home would be Mary and Elizabeth.
Thursday, July 26, 1866
Lizzie and _____ riding in buggy, went _____ Store and round by ______ and Glassys. In Evening______ and went to Josiah's & ______ very warm. Invited to Irvin my Miss Zottie Kennedy.
This entry suffers from several tears and missing words. Lizzie, of course, is his sister and Josiah his brother. I don't know what he means by "Invited to Irvin" but Hiram mentions Zottie Kennedy several times. Perhaps it is his "girlfriend" but if this is true, he never does marry her, or anyone for that matter. Hiram's uncle, John Reno, married an Ida Kennedy years later, wonder if these two Kennedy families are connected.
Sunday, August 26, 1866
Uncle Billy Davis & wife Paid us a visit in the Evening.
Darkie Ellen's daughter came to see her.
Josiah and Mrs. Watters went after their things. Watters went to DuQuoin.
Although Hiram calls Billy Davis "Uncle", it is not known to me how he is connected. As far as is known, there are no Davises in the family tree. There is a William Davis living in the area who would be about 76 years old if this is the man Hiram is referring to. There is also a younger William Davis and wife, Lucinda, living nearby...but as I mentioned, I know of no kinship between these men and the Schwartzes.
Thursday, September 6, 1866
Eddy and Sam plowed by Henry Glotfelty's finished
Bollie hurt her head Roach and I went after May Apple root.
Hiram's farm bordered that of Henry GLotfelty's so Eddy and Sam apparently were plowing in the field next to Henry's land. Bollie is Hiram's horse. He just finished doctoring her for fistula using May apple root. So perhaps he is going to find more to doctor her head injury.
Sunday, September 9, 1866
Bro Braden, Epp and Cornelius Pyle were here for dinner.
Bro. Braden is the preacher, from what I can understand. Epp and Cornelius Pyle are cousins...to each other as well as to Hiram. Epp is Ephraim Pyle, son of Uncle Hiram and Aunt Catherine Dry Pyle. Epp was b. in 1843 and was married to Mahalia Slawson in 1867. Cornelius, b. in 1844, was the son of Uncle Rufus and Aunt Mary Ann Duncan Pyle.
Thursday, September 13, 1866
Great Political mass meeting at Carbondale, Gen. Logan & Gov. Oglesby spoke. William & Philips went. Mother stayed at Philips. Went squirrel hunting in evening.
General Logan was a very prominent historical figure in Illinois. He served in the Civil War and many places, and people, were named for him. I guess by today's standards, it would be as if General Norman Schwartzkopf spoke!
Monday, September 17, 1866
Uncle Jake & I went to the Nine Mile after Jane's flannel. Got 12 1/2 yds at $1.50 per yd. took Dinner at Uncle Hirams. Got strawberries plants at D. Gills. Opera at DuQuoin.
Uncle Jake is the younger brother of Hiram's father, Edward Schwartz. I can't say who Jane might be for I know of no Jane in the Schwartz family. Uncle Hiram, of course, is Hiram Pyle and D. Gill is Daniel Gill. Daniel was married to Lucinda Pyle, daughter of Hiram and Catherine Dry Pyle and thus, a first cousin to Hiram Schwartz. Daniel Gill might be related (an uncle?) to Benton and Leper Gill (sons of Peter and Rachel Gill) who were friends and neighbors of the Schwartzes. The Gills are frequently mentioned in the diaries of Edward Schwartz.
Tuesday, September 18, 1866
Sam & Eddy plowed for wheat. Pulled weeds off place for Strawberry plants. Uncle Jake went home Went to Josiahs with him Gave him 2 1/2 yds for pants. Rain in evening. DeSoto Fair commenced Rec Letter from Zottie dated 10th.
Zottie is Zottie Kennedy. There are several references to her in the diary. I wonder if Hiram and she were "sweethearts" yet we know Hiram never married...wonder what became of Zottie.
Thursday, September 20, 1866
Rainy yet the last day of Fair very unfavorable. Ed got first premium on pacing. Mr. Cogill died of Cholera last night at 3 o'clock after 6 hours from the attack.
Ed, Hiram's brother apparently raised a few pacing horses, possibly Standardbreds. He not only took first premium here, but in his own diary for 1870, Ed mentions taking first prize for green pacers with his mare, Lucy. Ed's future son-on-law, William D. Kimmel, became well known for the fine standardbred horses he raised and had a reputation as a fine horseman. I wonder if William might have developed his interest in horses through is association with Edward. Family who remembered William Kimmel, however, knew him to be a hard man and somewhat cruel in his training methods. Mr. Cowgill, judging from entries in Edward's diary, must have been a neighbor of Edward. Many times in his diary, Edward mentions planting or plowing at the Cowgill place. I supposed Edward might have purchased the "Cowgill Place" after the death of Cowgill. I can find no Cowgills on the 1860 census however John B. Cowgill does appear on the cemetery records, Vol III p. 45 as having died 20 Sep 1866, aged 33y, 6m, 2d. He may have arrived in the county between 1860 and 1866. In a later November entry, Hiram mentions that he served as clerk at the sale of the Cowgill place but doesn't outright say who purchased it.
Wednesday, October 3, 1866
Went after cow at James Simmons. Roach and Fate cut Corn.
Gussie & Eddy tied Went to DuQuoin to the speaking Edward Dively went along. Sold Rash's mare Mary Ann for $115.00.
Finished Cutting Edds field corn.
All evidence points to Edward Dively being Hiram's first cousin.
Juliana Schwartz, Hiram's aunt, m. a Michael Dively in 1811 in Berlin, PA. It is known from the research of the late Jack Schell (a descendant of Juliana) that they had children named Lydia, William, Edward and Caroline. This Edward was born in PA in 1818, according to 1860 census information. Edward Dively also had children named Caroline and Lydia. Naming patterns of the period would certainly indicate a kinship as Edward also had sisters named Lydia and Caroline. After serving in the War of 1812, Michael Dively moved westward with his family, possibly about 1818 or 1819 along with the rest of the Schwartz family. Eventually, Juliana and Michael wound up in Missouri. Michael died in Salisbury, MO in 1840, Juliana died there in 1853. There are no Dively's on the 1850 census for Jackson Co. so it could be that Edward Dively was in MO until after his mother's death in 1853. Perhaps he then returned to IL to be near family. Michael's two oldest children, Lydia and William applied for bounty land after their parents' deaths and were awarded land in Cedar Co. MO based on their father's service in the War of 1812. According to the research of Jack Schell, he states that Alice Smith Schell had the understanding that her great uncle, Edward Dively, had been killed by Indians while trying to locate tracts of bounty land awarded his siblings Lydia and William. If this is true, it must have been after 1860.
Sunday, October 7, 1866
Wiley Gray got Married to Miss Phebe Porter
There are at least 3 Wiley Grays in the cemetery records of Jackson Co. While I have not studied the Gray family in detail, the only Wiley this could have been would have been Hiram's neighbor, the Civil War Veteran he mentions previously. In 1866, Wiley would have been 41 years old. Of the other two Wileys, one was not born until 1869 and the other died in 1864. The 1860 census shows Wiley "Grey" married to a Julia however it is entirely possible Julia has passed away and Wiley is marrying Phebe Porter as his second wife. I can find no Julia Gray or Grey in the cemetery records, however. Phebe is in the records buried close to Wiley. There are four Porter families listed in the 1860 census but no Phebe so it isn't clear to which of these families she belongs, if any. The Schwartzes also have a Porter connection. Hiram's niece, Mary Johanna "Molly" Schwartz, dau. of his brother Edward, married George Casleton, son of Christopher Casleton and Louisa Davis. Molly's daughter, Clara, married a Delbert Porter. His relationship to Phebe, if any, is unknown. Delbert's son Howard, married a Gladys (?) who still lives in Jackson Co. and has corresponded with me on a limited basis.
Sunday, October 14, 1866
Mother & I went to Aunt Mary's Pyles Got Philips buggy Came back by Uncle Hiram's.
As best I can determine, Aunt Mary Pyle is the widow of Uncle Rufus Pyle. Her maiden name was Mary Ann Duncan. This family lived in Perry Co., north of DuQuoin. Mary was born about 1823 in Ohio. I do not have a date or place of death for her but her husband, Rufus, died 24 MAR 1861 (another seemingly important event which Hiram does not mention in his 1861 diary) and is buried in St. John's, IL just north of DuQuoin.
Thursday, October 25, 1866
Went to see Sime Pyle. Received of him for Lizzie $100.00
Paid Dr. Riley $5.50 Bot medicine for Uncle George. Panacea 1. Rect of Wm for while $125.00
Sime is Simon Pyle, Hiram's first cousin and son of Hiram and Catherine Dry Pyle. He was born about 1834 in the area of DuQuoin, IL. Uncle George is his father's brother and Hiram's step-father as well. George was born 29 FEB 1796 and died on 7 AUG 1867.
Saturday, December 8, 1866
Took 4 bu corn to Mill at St. Johns bot 5 lbs nails at Onstotts on a cred. Borrowed $10.00 of Rash for Lizzie.
Let Gussie have $125.00 that I got of Taylor
St. Johns is a small town just north of DuQuoin. Many of Hiram's Pyle relations lived in this area. Onstotts were merchants in the DuQuoin area. Hiram's nephew, Eddie Kimmel, married Alifair Onstott, and became a merchant in DuQuoin also. Gussie, I believe, is a hired hand who worked for Hiram but just who he is is never explained.
Well, that's about it. This has not been an attempt to follow the life of Hiram Schwartz day to day nor to explain his actions in the diary...only to try to understand who the people were with whom he came into contact. I can't explain who all of them were and many entries may mention folks that I didn't even try to explain. I tried only to give some insight into the ones I knew for sure or at least was fairly certain of their identities. I hope this has been of interest to some, or even helpful. It has helped me for just the exercise of jotting this down has helped me to understand many of them better.
July 12, 1993
©1999 Gayle Putt
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