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The Illinois Asylum for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb in Jacksonville was established by an act of the Legislature on Feb 23 1839. It is considered the first of the State charitable institutions in Illinois and the seventh oldest in the nation. All educatable deaf and dumb individuals in the state were admitted without charge. They were required, however, to pay clothing, travel, and incidental expenses. The institution was privately governed by a twenty-member board of directors until the state assumed full control in 1849. At that time the asylum became the Illinois Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb. The institution had its own hospital and operated a farm, printing office, and cabinet and shoe shops. Pupils lived at the institution during the academic year and returned to their homes during the summer...source: The Illinois State Archives.

School Census from 1870

School Census from 1880

More information on the school may be obtained through the
Illinois State Archives Descriptive Inventory.

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