"Know Illinois"

1932 Newspaper:

April 8, 1935
Questions answered by the Secretary of State of Illinois :

Q. Where was the first agricultural society formed in Illinois?
A. In Madison county in 1819. Morris Birkbeck, later Secretary of State, and Edward Coles, later governor, were elected president and vice president. premiums were offered for wheat, corn, hay, live stock, hemp, flax, cotton, homespun cloth, tobbaco, castor oil, wool, malt liquor, salt and cheese.

Q. What was the most important work of the agricultural society?
A. Birkbeck's suggestions concerning scientific farming, particularly warnings against the danger of skinning the soil, a practice already too prevalent in the older states.

Q. What became of the State agricultural society?
A. It was disbanded in 1825 turning over its funds to Sunday schools.

q. When and where was the first State Fair held?
A. Oct. 11-14, 1853, at Springfield

Q. When and for what purpose was the Illinois Farmers' Institute established?
A. 1895. It was designed to assist and encourage useful education among the farmers and to develop the agricultural resources of the State

Q. How many buildings were there in Chicago at the time of the great fire (1871)?
A. 56,000, the majority being constructed of pine.

Q. How many building were destroyed by the Chicago fire?
A. 13,500 buildings in an area of 2,024 acres. The houses of 100,000 citizens were destroyed and 92,000 persons were made homeless.

Q. What was the extent of life and property loss in the Chicago fire?
A. 250 people died. Financial loss totalled $187,927,000

Q. When did Chicago gain first place as a meat packing center?
A. in 1860 Chicago became the greatest meat packing center in the west.

Q. What is the Ferguson Monument Fund?
A. A fund of more than a million dollars left for the "erection and maintenance of enduring statuary and monuments" in Chicago. The first piece erected was Lorado Taft's "Fountain of Great lakes" in Grant Park (Chicago, IL)

Q. How may a State officer be impeached?
A. The House of Representatives has the sole power of impeachment. It hears the evidence against an officer, and if a majority of the members elected so vote the officer is impeached. The impeached officer is then tried by the Senate and should two-thirds of the members elected hold him guilty he is convicted.

Q. What is the extent of punishment which may be meted out to an impeached State official?
A. It can extend only as far as removal from office and disqualification to hold any office of trust or profit under the government of the state. After impeachment and conviction as an office, a man is still liable to trial and conviction in the courts as a citizen.

Q. Should a Governor by tried by the Senate would the Lieutenant Governor, as president of that body, preside over the trial?
A. In the case of a trial of the Governor the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court presides inasmuch as the Lieutenant as the successor to the governor might be interested in the result of the trial.

Q. If a member of the General Assembly is expelled from membership and subsequently returned by his constituency may he be expelled a second time.
A. He may not be expelled a second time for the same offense.

Q. What is the Court of Claims?
A. A body of three judges appointed by the Governor to serve four years to consider claims of various kinds made against the State.

Q. What is the constitutional provision concerning the incurring of a State debt?
A. Any proposal to incur a State debt in excess of $250,000 must be approved by the voters of the State. The votes for such a measure must be a majority of the votes cast for members of the General Assembly.

Q. What is the requirement for the carrying of a constitutional amendment at an election?
A. It must have been approved by a majority of those voting at such an election not merely by a majority of the ---? ment itself.

Q. What is the total native white population of Illinois?
A. 6,048,203 or 79.3% (1930 Census)

Q. What is the alien population of Illinois?
A. 256, 16, or 3.4% (1930 Census)

Q. What was the percentage of increase in Illinois urban population between 1920 and 1930?
A. 28%
(submitted by K. Torp)

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