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Knox County Illinois
Genealogy and History

History and Biographies of Galesburg

Source: "Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois"
Chicago: Munsell Pub. Co., 1899

Originally transcribed by Kathie Mills and Foxie Hagerty,
with formatting and additional transcribed data added by K.T.

Galesburg Biographies (continued)

Ezra D. Aiken
Secretary of the Boyer Broom Company, Galesburg; born April 17, 1844 in Wentworth, New Hampshire; educated in Illinois. His parents were John V. and Martha D. (Darling) Aiken, of New Hampshire. The father was a farmer, and came to Illinois in 1857, settling on a small farm in Ontario Township, Knox County. His eyesight began to fail when he was a lad of ten; he was blind at fifty, and died at the age of eighty-five. He had one daughter, Mary, who died in 1865, and four sons: Edward A., who was killed at the battle of Reseca; Dennis B., who served through the Civil War; Louis B., who served one term of enlistment; and Ezra D., who remained on the farm, and cared for his blind father and invalid mother. In 1870, Mr. E.D. Aiken entered the employ of Jones Brothers in the grain, lumber, and stock business. In 1874 he came to Galesburg, and engaged with his uncle, S. N. Grose, in the stationery and book business, in which he later became a partner. In 1884, he contracted a partnership with W. E. Reed, sold out his interest in 1888, and in 1891 became the bookkeeper and confidential clerk of Mr. Boyer, who was blind. In 1897 he was the promoter of a stock company, which purchased Mr. Boyer’s interest in the broom business, and which was organized as the A. Boyer Broom Company, with Mr. Aiken as Secretary and Treasurer. In religion, Mr. Aiken is a Congregationalist. He is a republican.

Norman T. Allen
Clergyman; Galesburg; born August 15, 1844, in Galesburg, Illinois; educated in Knox College and in the North Western University. His parents were Sheldon W. Allen, of Augusta, Oneida County, New York; and Fidelia (Leach) Allen, of Watertown, New York; his grandparents were Chester Allen, of Connecticut, and Eunice Allen of New York. Mr. Allen was married to Amelia A. Kent, May 26, 1867 at Rock Island, Illinois. Five children were born to them: William R., Adah E., Eva A., Norman C., and Grace F. Mr. Allen is a Methodist, and has retired from active service as a minister. He is a republican, and was Overseer of the Poor from 1889 to 1891; Justice of the Peace from 1893 to 1897, to which office he was re-elected in 1897, for four years.

Absalom Austin Ames
Galesburg; born March 7, 1856, at Summerset, Ohio; educated at Columbus. His father, John W. Ames, son of A.A. Ames, of Pennsylvania, was born in Morgan County, Ohio, and his mother, Martha A., daughter of Charles Morehrad, was from Virginia. Mr. Ames taught school for some time at Columbus, Ohio. He afterwards lived in California for seven years, later going to Oskaloosa, Iowa, where he became connected with the Rattan Manufacturing Company, which was succeeded by the Smead Warming and Ventilating Company, in whose employ he remained for many years. He came to Galesburg in 1892, and was elected Alderman from the Fifth Ward April 6, 1897. He was married to Ida A. Crall August 9, 1885 at Albia, Iowa. Mr. and Mrs. Ames have three children: Eva M., John T., and Francis C. In politics he is a republican.

A.W. Anderson
Blacksmith; Galesburg; born December 17, 1856, in Sweden; educated in Sweden and America. His parents were Abraham and Nellie Anderson of Sweden. He was married to Elsie Anderson in Kansas City in 1883. They have five children: Maud Aqueline, Nellie, Leo Forest, Helen, and Hazel. Mr. Anderson inherited his trade, his father having been a blacksmith and mechanic. He came to America in 1881 and settled at Kansas City. In 1886 he was honored by a call from the government of Sweden, and promised five crowns a day if he would return, but having a substantial trade in America, he decided to remain here. He was in Joplin, Missouri for one year, and came to Galesburg in 1885, where for two years; he worked at his trade with the Frost Manufacturing Company. He then established a business for himself. He has exceptional ability, and has made important discoveries in his line of work. He welds steel on copper, iron and brass, on which process he has taken out a patent in this country and in Europe. Much is expected as the result of this discovery, and a company of business men has been formed, known as the “Copper and Steel Welding Company,” with a capital of $15,000, of which Mr. Anderson is the promoter. Mr. Anderson is a member of the Lutheran Church. In politics he is a republican.

John Asa Andrews
Editor of the Galesburg Spectator; born December 13, 1864, at Geneseo, Illinois, where he was educated. His parents were James Andrews of Ohio, and Mary (Campbell) Andrews, of Mowira, New York. His grandfathers were Reverend Wells Andrews and Hiram Campbell. Mr. Andrews was married to Jennie Reed at Ough, Nebraska. They have three children: Alfred, Edwin, and Willie. In politics Mr. Andrews is a democrat. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church.

Norman Anthony
Galesburg; Proprietor Brown’s Hotel; born in Sharon, Schoharie County, New York, August 27, 1833. The ancestry of the Anthony family is German. His father, Christopher, and his mother, Anna Peyser, were born in New York, as were his paternal grandfather and great-grandfather; his great-uncle, John Anthony, served during the Revolutionary War. Norman Anthony was educated in the public schools and in the academy at Ames, New York. His first independent venture was as a school teacher at Sharon Springs in 1851-2. He afterwards worked on a farm, and later became a clerk in a grocery store at Canajoharie. In 1853 he came West, and after a six weeks’ sojourn in La Salle County, found employment as a bookkeeper with the firm of George R. Roberts and Company, lumber merchants of Chicago. In 1855 he kept books for a dry goods merchant in Kankakee, and came to Galesburg March 13, 1856 as clerk and manager for the Galesburg lumber yard of Abraham Cohert of Chicago. Afterwards, he went in business with D. H. Eldridge, whose interest he purchased after four years. He also bought out Edwin Post, another lumber merchant, and forming a partnership with Hiram Mars, operated both yards. After ten years this partnership was dissolved, Mr. Anthony assuming management of the yard now occupied by Simpson and Company, which he eventually disposed of to Edgar and Company. He then bought the Howard Reed farm, near Galesburg, which he still owns. In 1891, he became the owner of Brown’s Hotel, and in 1893 he took possession of the property and became proprietor of the hotel. Mr. Anthony has traveled extensively in the United States, and has been East at least twenty-five times. He is a genial, public spirited man, and was one of the organizers of the Second National Bank of Galesburg, and a Director for many years.

John Avery
Engineer; Galesburg; born November 30, 1845 in Hancock, Vermont; educated at Northenfield, New Hampshire. His parents were George Avery of Lowell, Massachusetts and Phoebe (Page) Avery of Hancock, Vermont; his grandparents were Henry Avery of Lowell, Massachusetts, and Sarah (Freelove) Avery who lived near Boston; his maternal grandparents, Joseph and Priscilla Page came from Rochester, Vermont. Mr. John Avery was first married to Louise, daughter of George Hull of Warsaw, Illinois; they had one son, Elbert, who now lives in Logan County, Kansas. His second marriage was with Mrs. Esther (Thomas) Wingate, of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, March 4, 1883; they have one child, Grace. Mrs. Avery had three children by a former marriage: Lulu, Flora B., and Clifton D. Mr. Avery worked at the carpenter’s trade for thirty years. August 12, 1861, he enlisted in what was known as the Twenty-fourth New York Independent Battery and served three years and eleven months. After three years’ active service he was captured at Plymouth, North Carolina, at the close of a fight lasting four days and three nights, and was confined in Andersonville and at other prisons in South Carolina. He was exchanged at the close of the war. He fought in thirty-six battles, the more important being: Hatteras Inlet, Newbern, Roanoke Island, Tarboro, Whitehall, and the second battle of Newbern. After the war, he was a fireman on the New York Central Railroad, and engineer on the Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad. He went to California and returned to Keokuk, Iowa, where he was in the bridge department of the St. Louis and Northwestern Railroad. He served on the Des Moines Valley and other railroads, and finally on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, in Iowa. He was foreman in building the east wing of the Hospital for the Insane at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. He afterwards returned to the service of the Burlington Company, and since January, 1890, has been employed as engineer. Mr. Avery is a member of the A.F. and A.M., Zenium Lodge, No 207 of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa; Henry Chapter No 8; Henry Council No 2; Jerusalem Commandery No.7; G.A.R.; U.V.U.; and the Old Prisoners’ Association of Newark, New Jersey. Mr. Avery is independent in politics.

Robert H. Avery
Inventor, and President of the Avery Planter Company, was born at Galesburg on January 16, 1840. He was the son of George Avery and Sarah Phelps, his father having been one of the founders of Galesburg and of Knox College. He was raised upon a farm, but at the outbreak of the Civil War felt himself impelled to offer his service to his country. He enlisted as a private in the Seventy-seventh Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, and although never wounded, was one of those unfortunates who underwent the horrors of the prison pen at Andersonville. For eight months he was a prisoner within the Confederate lines, half of that time being spent in that living grave, the very memory of which is a blot upon the civilization of the country.
It was while confined there, however, that Mr. Avery from sheer lack of mental occupation, first directed his thought to those improvements in the implements of farm work, the perfecting of which have made his name famous. On receiving his discharge, at the end of the war, he returned home and resumed work upon the farm, at the same time working out the ideas which had come to him while languishing in the Georgia stockade. He evolved first a cultivator and next a stalk-cutter. For the manufacture of these machines he entered into a contract with Hon. George W. Brown, under the terms of which he was to receive a small royalty upon their sale.
His means were small, and in the hope of improving his fortunes he resolved to emigrate to Kansas, where he entered a soldier’s claim to land, and at the same time perfected a “tree claim”. Having broken the prairie, and being desirous of raising a crop of corn, he found himself hampered by the want of a corn planter. His inventive genius came to his rescue and with the aid of such tools as he had at hand—a saw, a plane and some augurs—he constructed his first machine of this description. It was rude, but it did its work, and embodied several of the principles which he utilized in his later invention.
Returning to Galesburg, he entered into partnership with his brother, under the firm name of R.H. and C.N. Avery, for the manufacture of agricultural implements under his patents. For ten years the brothers conducted the business at Galesburg, and in the Summer of 1882 the Avery Planter Company was incorporated, with a capital stock of $200,000, Robert H. Avery becoming President. A large plant was erected at Peoria, and the manufactory was removed to that point. The business has greatly prospered, the Avery agricultural implements ranking among the best on the market and the demand for them steadily increasing.
Mr. Avery remained at the head of the company until his death, which occurred September 1892. His demise was indirectly the result of the hardships undergone at Andersonville, the seeds of disease there implanted in his system having never been eradicated.
He was a man of rare, and thoroughly original, inventive genius; strong in conviction, yet modest and unassuming; kindly, generous and just. It was said of him, after his death, by one who knew him well, that “to have known him was an education, while it was an honor to have been called his friend.”

Ames A. Barlow
Farmer; Galesburg; born February 25, 1857, at La Fayette, Stark County, Illinois. He remained at home until about twenty-three years of age. He was married to Celinda S. Hathaway in Lynn Township, August 17, 1879, and lived for three years on his own farm which was part of the Barlow homestead. Mr. Barlow then removed to the Hathaway farm, which was his home for fifteen years, and later settled in Galesburg where he has since resided. They have three children, Lawrence W., Mabel M, and Abbie A. His father, Gideon A. Barlow, was a native of New York State, his mother, Martha (Johnson) Barlow, was born in Sweden; his paternal grandfather, Nathan Barlow, and his paternal grandmother, Athalia (Gillet) Barlow, were natives of New York. Mr. Barlow’s real estate interests are mostly in Lynn Township, where he owns four hundred acres of land. He was Town Clerk for six years, and ably represented his township while filling the office of Supervisor, and has the confidence and esteem of his fellow citizens. He is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America and of the Knights of Pythias. In politics, Mr. Barlow is a republican

James Bellows
Machinist; Galesburg; born September 7, 1847, at Rochester, New York where he was educated. He was married to Mary Weber, October 5, 1892, at Galesburg, Illinois, in the house where Mrs. Bellows was born. Mr. Bellows came to Illinois in 1869, lived in Chicago about two years, moved to Eikhart in 1871 and in 1872, came to Galesburg. Mr. Bellows is master of his profession, having made it his life work. For more than twenty-seven years, he has been employed in the mechanical department of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. Mr. Bellow’s father, Francis Bellows, was a native of Massachusetts; his mother’s name was Julia Carr. Charles and Catharine Weber, the parents of Mrs. Bellows, came from Germany and settled in Galesburg, where they resided until their decease. Mrs. Weber died December 12, 1897 at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Bellows.

Albert E. Berglund
Farmer; Galesburg; born April 25, 1873, at Altona, Knox County, Illinois; educated in Galesburg. His parents were Lewis and Carrie (Anderson) Berglund, of Sweden. Mr. Berglund is a Methodist. In politics he is a republican.

Morris Berger
Engineer; Galesburg; born July 28, 1864, at Schuylkill Haven, Pennsylvania. His parents were Isaac Berger, of Berks County, Pennsylvania, and Kate (Bittle) Berger, of the same State; his grandfathers, Joseph Berger and Jacob Bittle, came from Pennsylvania. He was married in Galesburg, Illinois, December 23, 1890 to Jennie, daughter of Lawrence and Mary (Green) Riley of Ireland. Their children are: Mabel, Louis, and Marie. Joseph and Isaac Berger were carpenters by trade. For twenty-eight years Isaac Berger was foreman in the shops of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad at Schuylkill Haven, where he and his wife now live. When thirteen years of age Morris Berger began as carpenter in his father’s employ. After five years he entered the employ of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad as brakeman and after two years became conductor. In 1886 he resigned, and began firing, and in 1887, came to Galesburg and entered the service of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad as fireman. In 1891 he became engineer. Mr. Berger is the engineer who, February 17, 1899, ran the Fast Mail from Chicago to Burlington, a distance of two hundred and six miles, in one hundred and ninety-five minutes. The thermometer was seventeen degrees below zero, and it was the fastest long run on record.
Mr. Berger is a member of the Masonic Order, Alpha Lodge, Galesburg, and is a Master Mason. He has passed the chairs of the Webster Council, No. 23; of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics; the Knights of Labor, and the Sons of America. In politics, Mr. Berger is independent.

Marion J. Blanding
Civil Engineer; Galesburg; born December 22, 1842 in Madison County, New York. His parents were Joseph H. Blanding of Swansea, New Hampshire, and Mary J. (Sweet) Blanding of Madison County, New York. Mr. M. J. Blanding was married in 1870 to S. Eliza Throop, of Mount Pleasant, Iowa. They have two children: George T. and Mary J. Mr. Blanding’s second marriage was with Sadie R. Graham at Galesburg, in November 1883. He was Resident Engineer on the Saint Louis Division of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad for six years. In 1893 he was made City Engineer of Galesburg, which position he now holds. In religion Mr. Blanding is a Universalist. In politics he is a republican.

H.P. Bowman
Engineer; Galesburg; born January 25, 1857 in Springboro, Pennsylvania; educated in Pennsylvania and Missouri. His parents were Sherman Bowman of Connecticut, and Marth (Larmor) Bowman of Pennsylvania. His grandfather was Nathan Bowman. Mr. H. P. Bowman was married in Ipava, Illinois, October 17, 1895 to Anna, daughter of George A. and Susan (Leightner) Jacobs, of Pennsylvania. She was born in Knoxville, Illinois June 16, 1866. Her parents came to Knox County at the close of the Civil War, in which Mr. Jacobs participated. Mr. Bowman’s ancestors in this country date back to 1714 and he has in his possession a deed from King George to his great-great-grandfather, Joseph Bowman. His great-grandfather served under Putnam in the Revolutionary War, and Mr. Bowman has his commission as Captain in the service. Sherman Bowman was a farmer, and moved form Pennsylvania to Missouri in 1868. Mr. H.P. Bowman worked on the farm until he was twenty-six years of age, afterwards following the trade of butcher for three years. He became fireman on the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad, and after three years accepted a position with the Missouri Pacific Railroad. In 1888 he entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company as fireman, and in 1892 became engineer, a position which he now holds. He is a Royal Arch Mason. In politics Mr. Bowman is a republican.

Bartholomew Boyers
Conductor; Galesburg; born February 22, 1858 in Whiteside County, Illinois; educated in Illinois. His parents were Samuel Boyers, born in Lincolnshire, England, and Mary (Kinney) Boyers, born in Limerick, Ireland; his maternal grandparents, Patrick and Mary (Tansey) Kinney came from Ireland. He was married in Keokuk, Iowa, December 13, 1880, to Minnie, daughter of Christopher and Mary (Elmore) Carr, who were natives of Ireland. They came to America in middle life and lived at Janesville, Wisconsin where Minnie was born. They had one child, Ruby. The parents of Mr. Boyers came to this country in early life, and were married here. The father had considerable property, and went to Colorado in 1849, where he spent his fortune in mining. He returned to Illinois, enlisted in the Civil War and passed through the entire period without a wound, but contracted bronchitis, from which he died. Mr. B. Boyers began with the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, as brakeman, and became conductor in 1882, which position he still holds. He is a member of the Order of Railway Conductors, and the Court of Honor. Mrs. Boyers is a member of the Court of Honor, and also L.A. to O.R.C. Mr. Boyers is a Catholic in religion. In politics he is independent.
William O'R. Bradley

George W. Brown
Original inventor of the corn planter; was born in Clifton Park, Saratoga County, New York, October 29, 1815. His parents, Valentine and Bethany (Spink) Brown, were New Englanders, who moved to New York when that State was comparatively new. They lived on a farm, where George W. passed his first fourteen years. After reaching that age he went to live with an older brother, who taught him the carpenter’s trade. He found employment on the Erie Canal during its construction, as well as on the line of the Schenectady and Albany Railroad, of which he was for a time Roadmaster. On September 1, 1835 he married Marla T. Terpening. In 1836 he brought his bride of a year West in a wagon, the journey occupying six weeks. They reached Tylerville, in Warren County, in July 1836. The team was exchanged for eighty acres of land, and then his mechanical trade began to serve him in good stead. From 1836 to 1850 he built many houses for his neighbors. But he was naturally an inventor, and during these years devised a cultivator, churn and implements of value to farmers, although he secured a patent only upon the cultivator. In 1848 be began to perfect his primary idea of a corn planter, completing the first practical machine in 1851. He obtained his first patent August 2, 1853, and constructed twelve planters that same year. The following year he placed one hundred upon the market, and in 1855 three hundred. In the last mentioned year he moved to Galesburg. Prior to 1866 his receipts from the sale of his devices had been exceedingly small. In that year he borrowed $25,000 and built three thousand machines. From that time forward, his business was a success. The present plant was erected in 1875. In 1880 the business was incorporated under the name of George W. Brown and Company, with a capital of $300,000, Mr. Brown becoming President. His patents were infringed upon and in a series of suits, ending only in the United States Supreme Court; he conclusively established his right to be called the inventor of the corn planter. As a result he has received many hundred thousand dollars in royalties. Although he acquired great wealth, Mr. Brown remained an unpretentious man until his death. He was essentially self-made, yet he was one of the best types of the class to which that much-abused term is so often applied. On reaching Illinois, he had but twenty-eight dollars in cash, beside his team and “prairie schooner”. His energy, genius and sound judgment won his battle. He was generous almost to a fault and sincerely beloved by his employees, two hundred of whom were on his pay-roll for thirty years. In 1835 he and his wife became members of the Methodist Church, in which he took a very active part until his death. He was a republican in politics, and was Mayor of Galesburg in 1876. He died June 2, 1895, leaving three children, James E. Brown, Mrs. Jennie S. Cowan, and Mrs. Elizabeth A. Perrin. His wife died December 28, 1891

Henry Bruner
Retired farmer; Galesburg; born in 1812, Breckinridge County, Kentucky. He came to Warren County in 1835, to a farm nine miles west of Galesburg. He was married to Matilda Claycomb, who died in 1867. Their children attained maturity. Francis M., Melissa A., Adeline, Sarah, John M., Clarinda, and Julia. Francis M. graduated from Knox College in m1857; he was President of Oskaloosa College, Iowa, from 1870-1876; President of Abingdon College, Illinois, from 1877 to 1885; and Professor of Sacred Literature and Exegesis in Eureka College, Illinois, from 1885-1887. John M. served in the Civil War; he graduated from Knox College in 1869, and studied medicine in Berlin and Halle, Germany, and in New York. He died April 23, 1890. Mr. Henry Bruner came to Galesburg in 1855. His second marriage was with Mrs. Anna Clark. He is a member of the Christian Church.

James Bunce, M.D.
Retired farmer; Galesburg; born in 1812, Breckinridge County, Kentucky. He came to Warren County in 1835, to a farm nine miles west of Galesburg. He was married to Matilda Claycomb, who died in 1867. Their children attained maturity. Francis M., Melissa A., Adeline, Sarah, John M., Clarinda, and Julia. Francis M. graduated from Knox College in m1857; he was President of Oskaloosa College, Iowa, from 1870-1876; President of Abingdon College, Illinois, from 1877 to 1885; and Professor of Sacred Literature and Exegesis in Eureka College, Illinois, from 1885-1887. John M. served in the Civil War; he graduated from Knox College in 1869, and studied medicine in Berlin and Halle, Germany, and in New York. He died April 23, 1890. Mr. Henry Bruner came to Galesburg in 1855. His second marriage was with Mrs. Anna Clark. He is a member of the Christian Church.

Nels M. Burgland
Butcher and Packer; Galesburg: born December 25, 1846, at Blekinge, Sweden, where he received his education. He married Johanna Jacobson, January 7, 1873, at Galesburg, Illinois; they have three children: Charles M., George H., and Arthur T. Mr. Burgland’s father, Mons. Persson, was born in Blekinge Lan, Sweden; his mother Karsti (Monson), was also a native of Bleckinge Lan. Mr. Burgland was for one term a member of the Board of Supervisors, and a member of the City Council from the Fourth Ward for one term; all other official positions offered have been declined. Mr. Burgland is a member of the Lutheran church. In politics he is a republican.

William Henry Calkins
Engineer; Galesburg; born April 3, 1862, in Onondaga County, New York; educated in Oswego. His parents were Henry J. Calkins, born January 31, 1831, in Bridgeport, Connecticut, and Martha Jane (Baker) Calkins, of New York; his grandfather, Ezra Calkins, came from Bridgeport, Connecticut; his maternal grandparents were James and Nancy Baker. He was married in Oswego, New York, November 24, 1880, to Anna, daughter of Peter and Anna (Barry) Mahoney of England. Her father and brothers belonged to the Queen’s Guards. Mr. Calkins’ ancestry is traceable to the Pilgrim Fathers. They were active in the wars of the Revolution and of 1812. His great-great-grandfather, Huge Calkins, was a member of Congress. His father was a veteran of the Civil War, and an uncle, Stephen Calkins, was a victim of Andersonville Prison; his uncles on his mother’s side, six in number, were also veterans of the Civil War. Mr. Calkins, at the age of fifteen, was engaged in government pier work at Oswego, New York. At seventeen years of age he was in the engine department, as fireman of the Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad. He then worked for the New York and Ontario Western, the Carthage and Adirondac, and in 1888, he returned as engineer to the Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad. In October, 1888 he came to Galesburg, taking a position as engineer for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. He is a member of the Ancient Order of Pyramids. Mr. Calkins has imported hares from England and Belgium; has a rabbit warren, and a kennel of bird dogs at his residence, 224 Lincoln street, Galesburg. He is a member of the Methodist Church. In politics, he is a republican.

Ira S. Callender
Secretary of the Glenwood Ice Company; Galesburg; born at Peoria, Illinois, July 31, 1857. His father, Isaac, was born in Kentucky, and his mother, Sarah A. was born in Maine; they are now residents of Galesburg. His paternal grandfather, Joseph, was a native of Virginia, and his great-grandfather, Philip R., was born in Scotland. His paternal grandmother, Ruth, was born in Kentucky. His maternal grandmother, Sarah, and his grandfather, Ira Smith, and his great grandmother, Sarah Jenks, lived in Maine. Mr. Callender’s early life was spent upon the farm and in public schools. For several years, until he was twenty-five years of age, he taught school in the winter and worked on the farm during the summer. In 1880, he removed to Nebraska, where he spent three years in farming. February 2, 1882, he was married to Alice B. Bassford, of Pleasant Dale, Nebraska. Five children have been born to them, Wallace V., Alice B., Ida E., Gladys M., and Ruth S. In the Spring of 1883, Mr. Callender returned to Illinois, and spent the summer in the business college at Davenport, Iowa. In the Fall he moved to Galesburg, and in 1884 started in the ice business. Mr. Callender is a progressive business man. He is a republican. He is liberal in his religious views

William Henry Smith Callender
Real Estate, Loans, and Insurance; Galesburg; born January 1, 1865, in Henry County, Illinois. His parents were Isaac Callender of Kentucky, and Sarah A. (Smith) Callender of Maine. His maternal grandparents were Ira and Sarah (Jenks) Smith. Mr. Callender was married November 21, 1888 at Ithaca, New York to Grace A. Packard. They have one child, Lillian G. Mr. Callender has met with enviable success in his line of business, having negotiated for a large amount of country and city property. His enterprise and reliable methods have won for him the confidence and extended patronage of his fellow citizens. Mr. Callender is a member of the Congregational Church. In politics he is a republican.

William S. Cameron
Pattern-maker; Galesburg; born January 17, 1864, at Elgin, Scotland. His parents were Robert and Elspit (McBeth) Cameron. Mr. Cameron was married September 27, 1888 at Galesburg, to Margaret S. Davidson. Three children have been born to them: Robert LeRoy, deceased; Margaret Mae; and William Rae. Mr. Cameron has charge of the pattern-making department of the Frost Manufacturing Company, of which company he is a stockholder and director.

George S. Chalmers
Physician; Galesburg; born March 26, 1845, at Aberdeen, Scotland, where he was educated. His mother, Mary (Robinson) Chalmers, daughter of John Robinson, was born at Kincardine, Scotland; his father, John Chalmers, son of William and Margaret Edwards Chalmers, was from Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Dr. Chalmers was married to Adelia J. Copley at Altona, Illinois, October 30, 1876. Seven children were born to them: Paul Garfield, John Brown, Elizabeth A., George Gordon, Thomas Carlyle, Mary Estelle, and William Copley. Dr. Chalmers came to Illinois from Scotland in 1872, living in Dwight, Illinois until 1874. He commenced practice In May 1875 at Knoxville, where he remained until 1880. He afterwards practiced twelve years at Altona, coming to Galesburg in 1892, where he has since resided. During his residence at Knoxville, he was a member of the Board of Education. In Altona, he was elected several terms as a member of the Board of Education, was Town Clerk, Village Clerk, Justice of the Peace, and a member of the Library Board. He was elected Coroner of Knox County in 1892, and re-elected in 1896. In religion he is a Congregationalist. He is a republican.

Edward P. Chapin
Engineer: Galesburg: born August 31, 1864; at Chatham, New York; educated in Chicago, Illinois. He was married to Carrie P. MacFillin in June, 1894, at Beardstown, Illinois. They have two children: Edward P., and Chester W. Mr. Chapin’s father, Charles H. Chapin, was born at Waterloo, New York; his mother, Elizabeth Jenison, was born at Chatham, New York. Mr. Chapin came with his parents to Chicago, at the time of the Chicago fire, where they lost their all by that terrible calamity. His parents are still living in Chicago. Mr. Chapin has been employed in the engineering department of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad for fifteen years, and holds at the present time, the position of Division Engineer.

C.A. Church
(of the firm of C.A. and F.G. Church): Laundryman; Galesburg; born August 14, 1864, in Peoria County, Illinois. His brother, F.G. Church, was born October 14, 1874, in Peoria County, where he was educated. Their father John Church, was born in Pennsylvania, their mother, Mary (Holmes) Church was a native of New York State. For eleven years prior to engaging in the laundry business, Mr. C.A. Church was connected with the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad in capacities ranging from clerical work to those of Station Agent and Train Dispatcher. Afterwards, in partnership with his brother, he engaged in the laundry business, in which the firm has been very successful.

Albert J. Cline
Hardware and fuel merchant; Galesburg; born October 16, 1871, in Peoria County, Illinois; educated in Peoria and Knox counties; his father, Peter S. Cline, was born in New York State; the same State was the birthplace of his mother, whose name was Miranda E. Mattison; his grandfather, Robert Cline, was also born in New York State. Mr. A.J. Cline is a member of the firm of Cline and Shaw. He has dealt in fuel since 1894, and recently purchased the hardware business of J.C. Toler, which he is conducting in connection with his former occupation of wood and coal dealer. In religion Mr. Cline is a Presbyterian. In politics he is a republican.

Octavius Jones Colton
Manufacturer; Galesburg, where he was born November 20, 1855; educated in Knox College. His paternal grandparents were Simon and Abigail S. Colton. His father, Gad Dudley Colton, was born in Monson, Massachusetts; his mother was Susan A. Jones. On the maternal side, his grandmother was Louisa Jones. July 8, 1879, he was married in Augusta, Illinois, to Alice Lyon. Five children were born to them: Alice; Edward Albert; Helen Grace, deceased; Arthur, deceased; and Philip Julian. In religion Mr. Colton is a Congregationalist. In politics he is a republican.

Robert Weir Colville
Master Mechanic; Galesburg; born March 31, 1839, in Glasgow, Scotland, where he was educated. His grandparents, George and Anne (Ralph) Colville, and his parents, Robert and Anne (Maxwell) Colville, were born in Scotland, the last two in Glasgow and Edinburgh respectively. Robert Colville was a bookbinder by trade, an occupation which his son, Robert W. did not find congenial. The family came from Scotland to Chicago in 1851, and moved to Galesburg in 1856. Mr. R. W. Colville enlisted in the Civil War, Company E, Seventeenth Illinois Infantry. In 1863, after his term of service, he entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad and has filled various responsible positions in the Department of Mechanics. In 1878, he was appointed Master Mechanic of the Galesburg Division, which position he still holds. Mr. Colville is a Mason, and a charter member of the Galesburg Club. In politics, he is a democrat, and has served on the Board of Education. Mr. Colville was married in Galesburg March 4, 1866 to Edith Wilbur Cole. They have three children: Alma Bird, Nita Maude, and Robert Rex.

John Newton Conger
Farmer and Stockman; Galesburg; born October 21, 1830; educated in Knox County, Illinois. His parents were Uzziah Conger, born August 22, 1789 in Heidleberg, Albany County, New York, and Hannah (West) Conger, born December 31, 1794, at Granville, Washington County, New York; his paternal grandparents were James Conger, of Dutchess County, New York, and Margaret (McNab) Conger; his paternal great-grandparents were Job Conger, born in 1718 at Elizabeth, New Jersey and Mary (Carrington) Conger, born in 1722; his maternal grandparents were John West, born February 10, 1770 in Stockbridge, Massachuseetts, and Sallie (Woodcock) West, born September 4, 1772, in Williamstown, Massachusetts; his maternal great-grandparents were Prince and Hannah (Gibbs) West. Mr. Conger was married to Elizabeth Wheeler of Knoxville, Illinois, March 12, 1851. His second marriage was with Martha Courtwright, at Aurora, Illinois, March 4, 1869. Their children are: Ella, Ida May, Eva Helen, Maud, J. Newton, and Louis J. James Conger was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. Nehemiah Wood, father of Sallie West, was a Lieutenant in the same war, and a member of the Committee of Safety in Williamstown, Massachusetts. Mr. Conger is a member of the Universalist Church. In politics, he is a republican

George F. Conley
Conductor; Galesburg; born in Wataga in 1852, being the first white child born in that town. His father was Linsey G. Conley, one of the early settlers in Knox County. Mr. Conley entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad as a brakeman in 1872, and became a conductor in 1876, a position which he now holds. In March 1875, Mr. Conley was married to May Matthews, who died in 1886, leaving one daughter, Grace W. In 1892, he was married to Mrs. Della Burkhardt. Mr. Conley has been active in politics. In 1894 he was elected Alderman of the Fourth Ward, and was re-elected in 1898. He is ex-Past Chief Conductor of the Order of Railroad Conductors, and is prominent in the Masonic fraternity; he is also a member of the Court of Honor; and a Minor of Honor.

Forest F. Cooke
Lawyer; Galesburg; born at Plainfield, New Jersey, February 4, 1848; educated in Knox College, from which he graduated in 1870. His father, Milo D. and his mother, Betsey (Smith), were natives of Vermont. His paternal grandfather was named Chauncey, and his paternal grandmother Betsey. His maternal grandfather and grandmother were Loren and Eliza Smith. March 17, 1875, he was married at Ogdensburg, New York to Sarah Louise Collins. Of this marriage there are three children: Florence A., Chauncey L., and Bessie. Mr. Cooke enlisted in the Civil War in 1863. He was admitted to the bar in 1872, and has since practiced in Galesburg. He was Mayor of Galesburg during the years 1891-92-93-94 and 1897-98. In politics, Mr. Cooke is a republican.

Milo D. Cooke
born in Cornwall, Addison County, Vermont, June 4, 1819. He received instruction in the district and preparatory schools of his native State, and finished his education with a course in Middlebury College, graduating in 1842. He married Miss Betsey Smith, March 10, 1847. In 1852, he came to Henderson, Knox County where he taught school three years. He came to Galesburg in 1856, and became Police Magistrate in 1857, an office which he held until his death. He was licensed to practice law in 1862. Ex-Mayor Forest F. Cooke is his son. The Cooke School, in the Fifth Ward, was named in honor of his services on the Board of Education in the city of Galesburg. He died May 20, 1889 in Galesburg, Illinois

William F. Countryman
Engineer; Galesburg; born August 6, 1861, in Monmouth, Illinois. His parents, Frank Francis and Julia (Alley) Countryman, came from Ohio; his maternal grandmother was Delia Alley. He was married to Flora Henry, at Gladstone, Illinois January 16, 1886. Their children are: Harry F., Royal, William, and Edith May. Mr. Countryman’s parents were among the early settlers of Warren County. His father worked at the carpenter’s trade in Monmouth, and now resides in Oquawka, Illinois. William F. Countryman was brought up on the home farm, and when twenty-two years of age, began as brakeman for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. He became a fireman in 1888 and an engineer in 1897. He is a member of the Order of A.O.U.W. Mr. Countryman is a Congregationalist. In politics he is an independent.

James E. Cowan
Physician and surgeon; Galesburg; born July 18, 1849, at Mechanicsburg, Ohio; educated in the common schools of Ohio and in Knox College; graduated from Rush Medical College in 1874. Before graduating from the latter, he studied with Dr. J. M. Morse in Galesburg. His parents, Argus B. Cowan, son of James and Diantha (Woods) Cowan, and Laura (Chapman) Cowan, daughter of Enoch Chapman, a Revolutionary soldier, were both born in Ohio. September 24, 1873 Dr. Cowan was married to Ella A. Hunt at Knoxville. There are two children: Laura F. and Hortense. After completing his medical studies, Dr. Cowan practiced in Galesburg one year, in Chicago two or three years and afterwards returned to Galesburg, where he has since resided. In religion he is a Universalist. He is a republican.

Charles Curtis Craig
Lawyer; Galesburg; born in Knoxville June 16, 1865. His parents were Alfred M., Judge of the Supreme Court of Illinois, and Elizabeth Proctor (Harvey) Craig, born in Egan County and Knoxville respectively. His paternal grandparents were David Craig, born in Philadelphia, and Minta (Ramey) Craig, born in Kentucky. His maternal grandparents were Curtis Kendall Harvey, born in Barnett, Vermont, who was a leading lawyer of western Illinois, and Hannah Key, born in Lebanon, Maine. His paternal great-grandfather was born in Londonderry, Ireland; his maternal great-grandparents were Ira and Hannah (Kendall) Harvey, born in Massachusetts. Charles Curtis Craig was educated in the public schools, at Dr. Bang’s private academy, at Knox College, Galesburg, and at Notre Dame University at South Bend, Indiana. In 1883 he was appointed a cadet at the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, and after completing his course; he resigned from the Navy and studied law in New York City, and later in the office of Stevenson and Ewing at Bennington, Illinois. He was admitted to the Bar in 1888, and the same year was a candidate for the office of States Attorney of Knox County, but was defeated, though he ran ahead of the ticket. Mr. Craig began his professional career in Galesburg, and in 1898, was elected to the General Assembly. In 1897, he organized, and was elected Captain of Battery B Light Artillery of the Illinois National Guard, which was one of the first to volunteer its services for the Spanish-American War, although they were not engaged in actual service. Captain Craig commanded the troops at Pana and Virden during the Coal Miners Riots, in September and October 1898, and received the thanks of the Governor for his successful control of the situation. Captain Craig has a successful and lucrative law practice, is a member of several societies, and is prominent in the social and business life of Galesburg. He was married to Louise Dary of New Orleans, Louisiana, July 12, 1893.

George Craig
Monument and stone manufacturer; born February 1, 1865; educated in the public schools, Quincy, Massachusetts. His father, Robert, and his mother, Jeannette Smith, were born in Scotland. September 27, 1894 Mr. Craig was married in Kewanee, Illinois to Alice Broadbent. There are two children, Robert and Leonard. In politics, Mr. Craig is a republican.

John H. Culver
Engineer; Galesburg; born February 3, 1864 in Knox County, where he was educated. His parents were Harvey A. Culver, born May 31, 1833 at Richfield, Ohio and Mary A. (Scott) Culver, of Scotland. His grandfathers were Theodore Culver of New York, and William Scott of Scotland. Mr. Culver was married September 15, 1886 in Galesburg, to Lillie O., daughter of Henry and Hannah (McFeaters) Berrier of Pennsylvania. They have three children: Earl H. H., William J., and Lester O. Mr. Culver’s father settled on a farm in Ontario Township in 1851. During the War of the Rebellion he was Deputy Sheriff of Knoxville for one term, and then returned to farming in Wataga. He moved to Galesburg in 1882, and died March 30, 1895. He was regarded as an honest and faithful man. Mr. J.H. Culver entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad in 1881, as brakeman; he engaged as fireman in 1888, and became engineer in 1890, a position which he now holds. Mr. Culver is a republican and a member of the Order of United American Mechanics; he is now serving his second term as State Treasurer of the order.

John C. Curran
Engineer; Galesburg; born in England, September 1, 1845; educated in Rhode Island. He was married to Marjorie S. Rogers, May 9, 1872, in Rhode Island; they have two children, Jennie M. (Mrs. Everson), and Arthur W. Mr. Curran’s father, John Curran, was born in England; his mother Jane Cowan, was a native of Ireland. Mrs. Curran was born in Rhode Island and is of Revolutionary ancestry. She is a descendant of Major General John Sullivan, who commanded at the Battle of Rhode Island, August 1778, and had charge of the expedition against the Indians of the Mohawk Valley, in 1779. Mr. and Mrs. Curran moved from Rhode Island to Muskegon, Michigan, where they still have a beautiful summer cottage. In 1888, they moved to Galesburg, when Mr. Curran began service as engineer on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad; which position he still holds. In religion, Mr. Curran is a Baptist.

John Pearsons Cushing
Teacher; Galesburg; born September 5, 1861; educated at Amherst College and Leipzig University. His parents, Alvin Matthew Cushing, M.D. and Elizabeth (Pearsons) Cushing, were born in Vermont. On June 25, 1890 he was married at Troy, New York to Alice B. Bullions. There was one child, Lucy, deceased. Professor Cushing received the degree of A.B. at Amherst College in 1882, and that of A.M. in 1884. He was Assistant and Vice Principal of Holyoke (Massachusetts) High School, 1882-1892; student at the University of Leipzig 1892-94, where he received the degree of Ph.D.; Professor of History and Political Economy and Lecturer in Pedagogy, Knox College 1894. Mrs. Cushing’s grandfather, Rev. Peter Bullions, was a distinguished writer of English, Latin and Greek text books. In religion Professor Cushing is a Protestant; in politics a republican.

Peter McL. Davidson
Contractor and builder; Galesburg; born in Scotland, where he was educated and learned his trade. He came to Galesburg, Illinois in 1882 and since 1884 has engaged in general contracting and building. He has erected several handsome residences and business blocks, among which may be mentioned the residences of Colonel Clark E. Carr, and Dr. G.E. Luster; Lescher Block and residence, the Holmes Building, Arlington Hotel, Carr Block, Board of Trade Block, Jacobi Block, and buildings in Lombard University grounds.

John Allen Wright Davis
Dental surgeon; Galesburg; born in Menard County, Illinois, April 18, 1837. His father, Michael, and his grandfather, John and grandmother, J. Catherine Miller, were natives of Kentucky. His mother, Margaret, and her father, William Renshaw, were born in Tennessee; his grandmother, Elizabeth (Short) Renshaw, was born in Virginia. His early years were spent upon the farm. He attended the common schools and the Illinois State Normal School. He practiced dentistry in Mason City, Illinois, for five years, afterwards removing to Chicago. While practicing there he was elected Vice-President of the Chicago Dental Society. April 23, 1874 he was married to Hattie L. Ganett of Syracuse, New York. There are three children: Mrs. R. May Read; Howard G., D.D.S.; and Clifford E. In 1875 Dr. Davis became a resident of Galesburg. In 1881, he was elected Vice President of the Illinois State Dental Society, President of the Western Illinois Dental Society, and the Central Illinois Dental Society. In 1898, he was chosen President of the Illinois State Dental Society. He is a member of the Odd Fellows, and is a Knight Templar. In religion he is a Baptist. In politics, a republican.

Elmer C. Dewein
Horse-shoer; Galesburg; born September 8, 1864, in Burlington, Iowa, where he was educated. His parents were J. G. and Julia (Jacobs) Dewein, of Burlington, Iowa. Mr. Dewein was married October 1, 1884 in Burlington, Iowa to Rachel May, daughter of John N. and Indiana Missouri (Scott) Simons, born respectively in Pennsylvania and Indiana. Their children are: Myrtle L., William E., Marguerette J., and Rachel I. Mr. Dewein learned the trade of horseshoeing in Burlington, and worked there until 1889, when he came to Galesburg. In 1895, he entered into partnership with D. F. Nolan, and is carrying on an extensive and successful business at 15 West Main. Mr. Dewein is a member of the Baptist Church. He is an independent in politics. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias, Modern Woodmen of America, and the Court of Honor.

John Doll
Carpenter; Galesburg; born in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, near Wilkesbarre, April 9, 1811. His father, John, and his mother, Catherine (Sorber) Doll were born in Northampton County, Pennsylvania, as were also his grandfather and grandmother on the paternal side, John and Betsy (MacNell) Doll, and also on the maternal side, Jacob and Barbara (Hahn) Sorber. His first wife was Rosanne Sorber, of Butler County, Pennsylvania, by whom he had four children; his second wife was Elizabeth McCurdy, whom he married in Butler County, and by whom he had two children. His third wife, whom he married September 16, 1851, in Mercer County, Pennsylvania, was Adah H. Stevenson; to them were born two children. Two sons, George W., a Lieutenant in the Eleventh Illinois Cavalry, and Samuel H., a private, served through four years of the Civil War, both of whom died of diseases contracted while in the service. Of the eight children, only two are now living: Catherine E. Moore and Harriet L. Doll. In religion he is a Protestant. In politics he was first a republican and later a prohibitionist.

E.R. Drake
Dry goods merchant; Galesburg, where he was born November 10, 1856. His father, Lyman C. Drake, was born at Crown Point, New York, and his mother, Lucy Ann Hyde, in Middlebury, Vermont. On the maternal side, his great-grandfather, Major Russell B. Hyde, of Hyde Park, Vermont, was born in Massachusetts; his grandfather, Jabez Perkins Hyde, was born in Vermont. Lyman C. Drake and family came to Illinois in March 1844 from Moriah, New York, and lived on a farm four miles west of Galesburg for nine years, and then moved into the city. He died in February 1886, and his wife, Lucy A. H. Drake, died in October, 1888. They had nine children, the two youngest of whom are living: E.R. and F.S. Drake. In religion, Mr. Drake is a Baptist. In politics he is a republican.

Harley Franklin Drury
Grocer; Galesburg; born June 13, 1855 in Essex, Vermont, where he was educated. His parents were Jacob K. Drury of Milton, Vermont and Caroline (Bascom) Drury of Fairfax, Vermont; his grandparents were Isaac and Sallie (Herrick) Drury. Mr. Drury was married in Galesburg March 28, 1883, to Nellie, daughter of Homer and Belinda (Lane) Trask of Ohio. Their children are: Mamie (adopted), and Louise. The father of H.F. Drury was a farmer in early life, afterwards engaging in the produce commission business, and later in the manufacture of brick. He died in Vermont. Harley F. Drury, began his business career in his father’s brickyard. In 1878, he came to Galesburg, where for a year and a half he was a clerk for Lake W. Sanborn. For two years and a half, he kept books for Captain C.L. Lanstrum, and afterwards opened a grocery store on his own account. Mr. Drury is a believer in Christian Science. In politics he is a republican.

Winfield Scott Duval
Engineer; Galesburg; born April 3, 1852 in Burlington, Iowa, where he was educated. His father was Daniel Jennings Duval of Lexington, Kentucky. He was married November 19, 1884 at Oquawka, Illinois to Polly Elizabeth, daughter of Conrad D. Aschoff of Germany and Rebecca (Selders) Aschoff of Pennsylvania. At the age of thirteen, Mr. Duval became “striker” under Abner Morton, an engineer on a Mississippi River steamboat. At the age of sixteen he could manage an engine, and when eighteen years old, was given his first “permit” on the steamer Jessie. For many years he was a successful engineer on different steamboats, his last charge being the steamer Prescott on the Missouri and Kansas rivers. He was on the steamer at the docks when the tornado struck Kansas City, and his wife, who was with him, fastened the boat to the wharf. In 1888 Mr. Duval entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad as a fireman, and in a year became an engineer, which position he still holds. He came to Galesburg in 1889, where he has since resided. Mr. Duval is a member of the Baptist Church, and is a republican.

Charles M. Eaves
Conductor: Galesburg: born April 10, 1859, in Hancock County, Illinois; educated in Illinois. His parents were Thomas E. Eaves, of Adams county, Illinois, and Julia Kennedy Eaves, of New York. Mr. Eaves was married November 17, 1881, at Colchester, Illinois, to Eva Campbell. Their children are; Addie, Deceased; Ethel, Blanche, Ruth, and Helen. Mr. Eaves has been in the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad for twenty-one years, and has been a conductor for fifteen years. In religious belief Mr. Eaves is a Baptist. He is a republican, and Alderman of the Seventh Ward, to which office he was elected by the largest majority every given in that ward.

Samuel Crawford Elder
Flour merchant: Galesburg; born March 30, 1839, in Franklin County, Pennsylvania, where he was educated. His parents were Matthew and Nancy mcConnell Elder, of Pennsylvania. Mr. Elder was married to Sarah M. Roush, in Henry County, Illinois, February 01, 1866. Their children are: Elton C.; Lelia N.; Roy, deceased; Lizzie N., deceased. Mr. Elder is a Presbyterian. In politics he is a democrat.

Adolph W. Ericson
Machinist; Galesburg, born in 1847, in Sweden. He came to Galesburg in 1853, and learned the trade of a machinist. in 1`864, he entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, and in 1879, became assistant foreman in the machine shops: he was made general foreman in the machine shops in 1886, a position which he still holds. He was married to Kate Donaldson, in 1879; one child was born to them, Adolph Lambert.

John C. Everett
Switch-tender; Galesburg; born in summit County, Ohio, August 28, 1849; educated in Ohio. His parents were John Everett, of Pennsylvania, and Alvira Hill Everett, of Virginia; his grandfather was John Everett, of Germany. Mr. Everett was married October 07, 1874, at Sheffield, Illinois, to Augusta Maria, daughter of Chauncey B. and Mary Rosetta Drury Fish, of Huron County, Ohio. Their children are; Rosetta Alvira, Charles Herman, Jennie May, George Calvin, Frederick James, and Shirley Fremont. When a boy. Mr. Everett came from Ohio to Bureau county and began farming. in 1865, he went to Missouri, where he remained about one year, when he returned to Illinois, and in company with his father, John E. Everett, bought a farm. For a time he was an engineer in a grist-mill at Sheffield, Bureau County, Illinois. After his marriage, Mr. Everett, moved to a farm in Iowa. He afterwards lived in Kansas for fourteen years, and tin Missouri for one year. He then came to Galesburg, where he has been switch-tender for six years for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad.

George A. Felt
Farmer; Galesburg; born March 01, 1857, in Cherry Grove, Warren
(sic) County, Illinois. His father Edward A. Felt, of Ipswich, Massachusetts; his mother was Rebecca Hoover Felt, and was born in Ohio. Edward A. Felt came with his father, Peter Felt, from Massachusetts to Quincy, Illinois, in 1830; he was married at Quincy, January 20, 1850, and settled at Cherry Grove, afterward removing to Galesburg Township, where he died May 10, 1884, leaving three sons and two daughters; George A., born March 01, 1857, W. W., born January 05, 1865, Harry E. born June 12, 1872; Rosanna and Alta, now deceased. George A. Felt was educated in the common schools, and in Knox College. In politics, he is a republican. He is member of the Congregational Church. He married, in Ontario Township, March 15, 18888, Virginia E. daughter of Ralph Voris, of Oneida, Illinois. Two children were born to them: Edward and Winifred I. Mrs. Felt died November 16, 1892, since which time Mr. Felt has resided with his mother in Galesburg.

Silvanus Ferris
This progenitor of the large family of Galesburg Ferrises was the fourth child of Silvanus, son of James and Mary Ferris. This James was the eldest son of another James Ferris, born about 1638, who was the son of Jeffrey Ferris, one of the early settlers of Charlestown, Massachusetts, whence he moved to Stamford, Connecticut, about 1641. Here the family lived for some time, some of them finally moving to Greenwich, Fairfield County, in that state, where the first Silvanus was born August 10, 1737. On September 10, 1761, he married Mary Mead, who was born September 30, 1742, and died July 22, 1822. He died January 12, 1824. He is alleged to have served in the Revolutionary War, and to have taken part in the Ticonderoga and Crown Point campaigns, but this cannot be verified. At any rate he espoused the patriot cause, and was obliged to move from Greenwich because of the persecutions of neighboring tories. May 28, 1772, he purchased a farm in Westchester County, New York. Here the second Silvanus, born March 5, 1773, at Greenwich, the subject of this paragraph, grew to manhood; and here he married Sally Olmstead, March 15, 1798. While that region was still wild and unsettled he moved to Herkimer County, New York, where he later became a prosperous dairy farmer, accumulating what was then regarded as a very large fortune. His industry and thrift were almost proverbial in his neighborhood, and his enterprise astonishing for those times. When Rev. George W. Gale organized the Galesburg colony Silvanus Ferris was his chief assistant, and was the financial backer of the enterprise. It has been said that there were three men who were essential to the colony’s success: Rev. George W. Gale, Professor N. H. Losey, and Silvanus Ferris. Mr. Ferris became the largest land owner of the colony. He was the father of eight children, and to each of the seven who grew to maturity he gave a section of land. He was always prominent in local affairs, and ranked among the foremost men of Knox County. He died June 16, 1861. His children were Silvanus Western, Nathan Olmstead, Timothy Harvey, William Mead, Henry, Laura (who died early), Harriet Newell and George Washington Gale. His descendants form one of the largest families in Galesburg.

Timothy H. Ferris
Farmer; Galesburg, where he was born August 27, 1845. His father, Henry Ferris, was born in Herkimer County, New York, October 18, 1809; he was one of the first settlers, and was a member of the Galesburg Colony. His mother, Elizabeth Hudson, whose marriage to Henry Ferris occurred at Henderson Grove August 31, 1836, was a native of New Hampshire, and was one of the first school teachers in Knox County. His grandparents were Silvanus and Sallie (Olmstead) Ferris. Mr. Ferris was educated in Knox Academy. May 13, 1868, he was married to Mary Drew at Galesburg. They are the parents of four children: Arthur T., Harry D., Mary and Harriet L. who died January 16, 1899. Mr. Ferris is a republican.

Ephraim C. Fisher
Hack and transfer business; Galesburg; born March 4, 1852, in Perry County, Pennsylvania; educated in the common schools. He was married to Viola E. Russell at Galesburg, December 25, 1873. His father, Wilson Fisher, was born in Perry County, Pennsylvania; his mother, Margaret (Murphy) Fisher, was born in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. Mr. Fisher’s parents died when he was a child. At four years of age, he came to Aurora, Illinois, and lived with his uncle, Jesse Kirkpatrick, where he attended school and worked on a farm. In 1872, he came to Galesburg and followed the occupation of painting for four years; was then employed by the American Express Company as Transfer Clerk for twelve years; and later entered into partnership with John Johnson, in the hack and transfer business. The business has prospered and the firm now has hack lines at all depots, and at the Union Hotel, and transfer lines to all parts of the city. The firm has its office at the Union Hotel. In religion, Mr. Fisher is a Baptist. He is a republican.

Daniel W. Flynn
Wholesale liquor dealer; Galesburg; born August 1, 1846 in Ireland, where he was educated. His parents were Patrick and Mary (Coffey) Flynn, of Ireland. Mr. Flynn was married to Nano Ryan in 1893 at Galesburg, Illinois. Their children are: J. Frank, George W., Daniel W., Catherine, and Mary. Mr. Flynn is a Catholic. In politics, he is a republican.

J.F. Flynn
Dentist; Galesburg; born in Chicago, Illinois, December 5, 1873; received his education in Illinois, and in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His father, D. W. Flynn, was born in Ireland; his mother was Catherine (Norton) Flynn, and was born in New York State; his paternal grandparents, Patrick and Mary (Coffey) Flynn, and his maternal grandparents, James and Ann (Dolan) Norton, were born in Ireland. Dr. J. F. Flynn received a college education in Galesburg, Illinois, after which he took a course in dentistry in Chicago, and in Philadelphia. He is now established in business in the Marquette Building, South Cherry street, Galesburg, Illinois.

William H. Fox
Conductor; Galesburg; born November 22, 1844, in Washington County, New York, where he was educated in the common schools. He was married to Elizabeth Kelly in Galesburg, May 9, 1873. They have two children, Ralph and Blanch. Mr. Fox came to Knox County in 1859, and farmed till 1861, when he enlisted in Company E. Tenth Regiment Illinois Volunteers for three months. He re-enlisted in Company A, Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Cavalry, and served till 1866. In May, 1866, he began work for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad as brakeman. For fourteen years he has been a conductor in the passenger service. Mr. Fox is a Protestant. In politics he is a republican.

Nels S. Freeberg
Contractor and builder; Galesburg; born in Sweden, April 20, 1854; came to Galesburg in 1874, and worked at his trade as carpenter. He married Anna Anderson in 1883. They have five children: George A., Arthur H., Gunnard C., Carl, and Anna E. Mr. Freeberg began contracting and building in 1886 and is still engaged in that business.

T.C. Garrity
Conductor; Galesburg; born in Ireland, in December 1844; educated in the common schools. He married Catherine L. Barrett in St. Patrick’s Church, Chicago, April 13, 1868. They have three children: William T., Mabel A., and Francis J. Mr. Garrity came from Ireland when a small boy and lived in New York and New Jersey. In 1856 he moved to Wisconsin. In April 1861 he enlisted in Company I, Fifth Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteers; was made a Corporal, and was honorably discharged December 25, 1863; re-enlisted in Company B, and served till July 11, 1865. For gallantry at the battle of Winchester, Virginia, he was promoted to a Sergeant; was wounded in the battle of the Wilderness, and was in many of the battles fought by the Army of the Potomac. In 1867 he came to Galesburg and began work for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad as brakeman. In 1870, was made conductor; left for the West in 1875; and in 1880 he returned to Galesburg and to his former position with the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. He is a member of the G. A. R., Post No. 45; and a member of the Order of Railroad Conductors.

Martin Waterman Gay
Galesburg; retired; born December 17, 1822, at Bridgeport, Vermont; educated in the common schools. His father, Lusher, and his mother, Elisa, were born in Vermont. He was married October 3, 1872 at Galesburg, to Lorraine E. Gay. Mr. Gay came to Galesburg in 1836, settled upon a farm in Henderson Grove. For several years he was a merchant at Henderson. In religion he is a Protestant. In politics a republican.

Byron Gent
Conductor; Galesburg; born November 13, 1857 at Burlington, Iowa, where he was educated. His parents were Henry and Hepzibah (Malphas) Gent, of England. He was first married to Isabel Herman; they have one daughter living, Grertrude I. His second marriage, February 12, 1894 at Buffalo, Wyoming, was with Luella M. Ghent; they have one daughter, L. Ruth. Mr. Gent’s parents came from England to Newark, New York and thence to Burlington, Iowa. Mr. Gent learned the carpenter’s trade, which he followed till 1879, when he began as brakeman on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. He was transferred from Burlington to Galesburg in 1889, and is now a conductor.

Edward R. Gesler
Florist; Galesburg; born April 29, 1868 at Macomb, Illinois, where he was educated. His parents were Gabriel Gesler, of Germany, and Martha (Riley) Gesler of Ohio. He was married to Elinda Winslow August 13, 1891 at Macomb, Illinois. Their children are: Gable Aurelia, Florence Martha, Clara May, and Ross Winslow. Mr. Gesler is a Congregationalist.

Lewis L. Gibson
Farmer; Galesburg; born March 16, 1833, at Blekinge, Sweden. His parents, Lars and Ingrid (Nelson) Jhonson, were born in Sweden, the former dying two months before the birth of Lewis L. In the Fall of 1834, Ingrid Nelson was married to Thomas Jepson. Mr. L.L. Gibson had one brother, Pehr, and one sister, Peruella; he had three half-brothers, Nels, John, and Mathias, and two half-sisters, Celia and Nellie. Mr. Gibson came to Galesburg December 26, 1853, and began to work on a farm for George W. Ferris. He afterwards rented a farm in Galesburg Township. Later he was in the coal and wood business in Galesburg for fifteen years. Mr. Gibson has always taken a deep interest in the temperance cause. He is Secretary of the Galesburg Commercial Union. In religion, he is a Lutheran. He is independent in politics.

Freeman D. Gillett
Engineer; Galesburg; born in Ashtabula County, Ohio, October 23, 1856; educated in Ohio. His parents were Orlando M. and Amanda (Blackford) Gillett of Ashtabula County, Ohio; his paternal grandparents were William and Huldah (Wade) Gillett of Connecticut; his maternal grandparents, Martin and Hulda (Webb) Blackford, came from Ashtabula County. Mr. Gillett was married to Emma Lundgren in Galesburg, September 23, 1895; they have an adopted daughter, Aura. Mr. Gillett came from Michigan to Knox County in 1881, and began as fireman for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. Two years later he began work in the machine shops. He afterwards resumed his position as fireman and has been running an engine since the noted “Q” strike in 1889. He is engineer of the fast mail train East and of the fast passenger train West. Mr. Gillett is a member of the Odd Fellows, Galesburg. In religion, he is a Methodist. He is a republican.

Nels J. Gottschall
Baker and Confectioner; Galesburg; Born January 22, 1864, in Sweden; educated in Sweden and Galesburg. His parents were J. S. and Hannah (Trulson) Gottschall of Sweden. He was married to Christena M. Jacobson, in Galesburg, June 14, 1892. They have two children: Newton Tenny and Ethel Hannah Catherine. He is a member of the Swedish Mission. In politics he is a republican.

John M. Graham
Conductor; Galesburg; born March 25, 1840 at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. His father was James M. Graham of Harrisburg; his grandfather, John M. Graham and his great-grandfather, George Graham, were natives of Scotland. He was educated in the Harrisburg academy. He was married in Galesburg, October 5, 1868, to Mary E., daughter of E. S. Hopkins. They have one son, George A., who is a music teacher and leader of an orchestra. Mr. Graham was employed in 1858 by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company for six years, as a telegraph operator. He came to Galesburg in 1864 where he was employed in the offices of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad for ten years. He has been a conductor for twenty-five years. In politics he is a republican.

Harry H. Griffith
Galesburg; born in Seneca County, New York, March 14, 1849. His father, Harry H. was born in New York, and his mother, Margaret, in England. Mr. Griffith was educated in the common schools. He was married September 24, 1872 at Galesburg, to Anna M. Zeigler. There are five children: Nellie Blythe, John Herbert, Henry H., Myrtle Bell, and Emma Lyle. Mr. Griffith came to Galesburg in 1867, and has been in business here for twenty-five years. He was Alderman of the city of Galesburg for six years. In religion he is a Baptist. In politics a republican.

Daniel Judson Griswold
Dentist; Galesburg; born September 29, 1865 in Jasper County, Indiana. His parents were Ames Anthony Griswold, born in Vermont, March 9, 1825, and Elizabeth (Adams) Griswold, born in Jasper County, Indiana September 2, 1840. His grandfather came from England and was among the early settlers of Vermont. Ames A. Griswold went to California in 1852, and returned to Indiana about 1858, where he was married January 1, 1859. He came to Illinois abt 1860, and settled on a farm near Springfield, where he remained about two years. He then removed to Indiana, where he lived for three years, returning to Illinois in the Spring of 1866, settling in Marshall County. He retired from business and now resides at Washburn, Woodford County, Illinois. In 1885 Daniel J. Griswold graduated from the Washburn High School, at Washburn, Woodford County. He then taught school for two years—1885 to 1887. From 1887 to 1891 he attended Knox College, Galesburg, and in 1894 he graduated from the Philadelphia Dental College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He then returned to Galesburg and entered into partnership with Dr. F.W. Wolf under the firm name of Wolf and Griswold; their offices are in the Holmes Building; they have an extensive city and country practice. Dr. Griswold is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Veritas Lodge, No. 478; Knights of Pythias, College City Lodge; Beta Theta Pi Fraternity of Knox College, and the Soangetaha Club. He is a member of the Baptist Church. In politics he is a republican. Dr. Griswold was married September 12, 1899 to Grace Agnes, daughter of Dr. J.A. Ballard of La Crosse, Wisconsin.

Samuel W. Grubb
Publisher; Galesburg; born August 19, 1832, at Washington, District of Columbia; educated in the common schools. His father, Samuel, was born in Shepherdsontown, Virginia (now West Virginia); his mother, Ellen Wilson, at Snow Hill, Maryland, November 28, 1867. Mr. S.W. Grubb was married at Atlanta, Georgia to Jane A. Wright. There is one child living—James Wilson Grubb. Mr. Grubb commenced work in a printing office in 1843. He came to Galesburg in 1872 and has been manager of Galesburg Printing Company, publishers of the Republican-Register, since December 1872. In religion he is an Episcopalian. He is a republican.

Walter Gucker
Galesburg; born March 5, 1854, in Williamsport, Pennsylvania; educated in Mattoon, Illinois. His parents were Franklin and Elizabeth (Kimmell) Gucker, of Pottsville, Pennsylvania; his paternal grandparents were also natives of Pennsylvania; his maternal grandparents, Jacob and Mary Kimmell, came from Germany. Mr. Gucker was married to Anna Hillagass, May 4, 1880 at Mattoon, Illinois. They have one child, Ehrma. Mr. Gucker is a republican.

Charles Ernest Hair
the son of Elijah E. and Mary A. (Benton) Hair, was born July 26, 1875 at Lewistown, IL., where he attended the grammar and high schools. After the removal of his father’s family to Galesburg, he entered Knox College, but after two years, in the fall of 1894, left that institution to become a student at the State University, from which he graduated in 1898. His chosen profession was architecture, and his studies were directed with special reference to fitting him for that vocation.
On Oct, 8, 1898 he presented himself before the State Board of Architects, to undergo the prescribed examination, and had the gratification of being assured by the examiners that he had passed the ordeal with greater credit than had any who had preceded him since the creation of the Board. He entered at once into business at Galesburg, and from the outset has achieved a measure of success not often attained by young men who have just crossed the threshold of one of the learned professions.

Mr. Hair is an Episcopalian, as are his parents, and the family is active in the work of the church. He himself has musical talent of a high order, and has for several years been connected with the choir of Grace Church.

Ben Bowles Hampton
Editor Evening News; Galesburg; born March 19, 1875 in Macomb, IL., where he was educated at the academy. His father, David H. Hampton, was born at Macomb, and his mother, Mamie (Bowles) Hampton was born in Evansville, IN.
Mr. B. B. Hampton inherits his ability in his chosen line of work, his father and grandfather having been newspaper men. He came to Galesburg in 1895, having previously engaged in newspaper work in Macomb.
Mr. Hampton was married Feb. 15, 1898 to Maria Somers Bartleson. He is an attendant at the Presbyterian Church. In politics he is a republican.

John Harthon
Conductor; Galesburg; born June 21, 1859 in LaSalle Co. IL. His father was Conrad Harthon, who came from Germany in 1857 to LaSalle Co., where he was a farmer and grocer. Mr. Harthon was educated in the common schools. In politics he is a republican.
He married Ida M. Breed at Aurora, May 11, 1888; they have one child, Walter.
Mr. Harthon entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company in 1877, serving two years as brakeman and was made a conductor in 1881, which position he now holds.
He moved to Galesburg in 1890. He is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Maccabees, and Rebekahs.

Henry G. Hawkinson
Confectioner and Restaurateur; Galesburg, where he was born Aug. 30, 1870, and where he was educated. His parents, Hakan B. and Carrie (Olson) Hawkinson, were born in Sweden, and came to Galesburg in 1868. The father engaged in the bakery business which he followed for twenty-five years; he then retired, and is now residing in Galesburg. Two children were born to them: Henry G. and Hildagard, who married P. F. Nord, May 29, 1891, and died Sept. 13 of the same year.
After finishing his education, Mr. Henry G. engaged in the bakery and restaurant business with his father, which he followed for nine years. He then formed a partnership with W.N.Spake, purchasing the interest of Joseph F. Anderson in the restaurant and confectionery business. The firm is Spake and Hawkinson, located at 140 East Main Street, doing the leading business in their line.
Mr. Hawkinson is a member of College City Lodge, No. 433, Knights of Pythias.
Sept. 3, 1891 he was married at Galesburg, to Emma Peterson, who was born at Colfax, IL. They have three children: Henry Ferdinand, Newton Hiram, and Hildagard Elizabeth.
In religion Mr. Hawkinson is a Congregationalist. He is independent in politics.

William Heath
Galesburg; born May 25, 1862 at Center Point, Knox Co, IL. His parents were William Heath of New York and Lucinda M. (Field) Heath of Vermont. Lucinda M. Heath was born in Cornwall, Addison Co, VT, April 16, 1819, and came to Illinois with her parents in 1836. Her marriage with Mr. Heath, Aug., 3, 1837, was the first in Knoxville. They lived on a farm near Center Point for twenty-eight years, and then moved to Wataga, where Mr. Heath died Mar. 31, 1882. After her husband’s death, Mrs. Heath moved to Galesburg and lived with her son William, at whose home she died July 11, 1899. She was one of the bravest and most resourceful of the early pioneer mothers, and is remembered by her host of friends as a strong, sweet, and noble personality.
Mr. William Heath was married to Kate E. Armstrong of Galesburg, at Fargo, N. D., Sept. 10, 1892. For the past ten years he has been with the Deering Harvester Company of Chicago, and is now their General Agent located at Galesburg.

Addison P. Higgins
Farmer and Stockman; Galesburg, where he was born in 1844. His father, Americus Higgins, came to Galesburg in 1837. Mr. Higgins is a large landowner in Illinois, Missouri, and Kansas, and is extensively engaged in stock-raising.
In 1874, Mr. Higgins was married to Mattie J. Meecham. They have three children: Cyrus M., Martin S., and Lucy A.
Mr. Higgins was educated in the common schools. He is a republican and a prohibitionist.

Charles M. Hill
Conductor; Galesburg; born March 3, 18562, in Malden, IL., where he was educated. His parents were John and Maria (McGee) Hill of Ohio; his grandfather was Allison Hill of New Jersey.
Mr. C. M. Hill was married to Ellen, the daughter of Jerry and Mary O’Connor, of Ireland. She was born in Peru, IL. There were two children, Charles Francis and John William.
His second marriage, which occurred in Chicago, IL., May 17, 1897, was with Georgie, daughter of Clayton S. Gibbs, of Illinois, and Helen J. (Bevier) Gibbs, of Albany, New York. They have one child, Helen. Mrs. Hill’s paternal grandparents were Jonathan Gibbs, of New Jersey, and Tamer Norcross Gibbs; her maternal grandparents were Abraham Bevier of Holland, and Adaline (Gordon) Bevier of New York.
Mr. Hill’s father was a broom-maker by trade, but was a farmer most of his life. He moved to Illinois in 1856, and settled on a farm at Berlin Center. He died May 9, 1892, his wife surviving him but a short time.
Mr. C. M. Hill spent his early years on the farm, and at the age of 13, the family moved to town, and he worked at teaming. In 1885, he entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad as brakeman, and in 1888 was promoted to the position of conductor. He is a member of the O. R. C. Mr. Hill is independent in politics.

A. Frank Hilton
Engineer; Galesburg; born in 1840, in Orange Co, NY, where he was educated. He enlisted in 1862, and served until the close of the war. July 12, 1865, he began work for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company, and after successive promotions was made Superintendent of the Galesburg Division.
In 1876 he was married to Emma Russell. They have two children, Richard R. and Russell D. Mr. Hilton has been an engineer on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad since 1890.

J.E. Hinchliff
Merchant; Galesburg; born July 17, 1853 at Rio, Illinois. Educated at Rio and Galesburg. His parents, James and Betsey Hinchliff, were born in England.
He was married Jan. 1, 1880 at Rio, to Ida M. Woodman. There are four children: Everett E., Lulu May, Ray W., and Grace F.
In religion he is a Congregationalist. In politics, a republican.

Fred R. Hinman
Chief of Police; Galesburg, born July 8, 1863, at Adrian, Michigan; educated in Adrian and Galesburg. His parents were Frederick Hinman, born May 24, 1831, and Eliza (Gish) Hinman, born in 1835, in Erie Co, NY; his paternal grandparents were Seth Hinman, of Erie Co, NY, born 1804, and Louisa (Kendall) Hinman, born May 8, 1813, in Jefferson Co, NY. His paternal great-grandparents were from England; his maternal grandparents were Jacob Gish, of Dauphin Co, PA, born 1805, and Mary Davis Gish, of New York. His maternal great-grandmother, Davis, who was born near Boston, MA., in 1776, was related to Jefferson Davis. Maternal great-grandmother was a Petty, born in New Hampshire.
Frederick Hinman was for many years an engineer on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. Mary Davis Gish was a passenger on the first train west out of Baltimore, Maryland.
Mr. Hinman was married in Galesburg, Nov. 13, 1889, to Mabel A., daughter of the late J. R. Goddard, who was State Live Stock Commissioner. She was born in Adrian, Michigan, and her ancestors can be traced to the Mayflower. Mr. and Mrs. Hinman have three children, Jennie Mabel, Frederick Stanley, and Kendall Goddard.
Mr. Hinman was a charter member of Lodge No. 213, I. A. of M., was Master Machinist of the lodge, and has represented it in the Trades and Labor Assembly. He is a member of the Oak Leaf Camp, M. W. A., No. 92, and of the K. O. T. M., Lodge No 152. He has been a delegate to the city, county, and State conventions. Mr. Hinman is a member of the Methodist Church. In politics, he is a republican. He was appointed Chief of Police by Mayor Tunnicliff in 1895, reappointed by Mayor Cooke, and is at present retained by Mayor Carney.

John Hjerpe
Mason and contractor; Galesburg; born Dec. 5, 1862, in Vermland, Sweden, where he was educated, and where he learned the trade of mason. He came to Galesburg in 1883.
In 1886, he was married to Hannah, daughter of Gustavus Peterson; they had four children, Carl, Edna, Harold, and Leslie.
Mr. Hjerpe has been a prominent contractor since 1890.

Gust. Hofflander
Saloonkeeper; Galesburg; born April 3, 1865, in Blekinge, Sweden, where he was educated. His parents were Lars and Ingrid (Olson) Hofflander, born in Sweden Oct. 6 and Nov. 11, 1838.
Mr. Hofflander was married to Bettie Swanson in 1890, at Galesburg, IL. Their children are: Fred Herman, Hilding Gunnar, Ethel Irine, and Agnes Elvira.
Mr. Hofflander is a member of the Lutheran Church.

James L. Hoopes
Galesburg; born Aug. 11, 1857, in Vermont, IL, where he was educated. His parents were William Hoopes, of Ohio, and Mary A. (McCleary) Hoopes, of Illinois.
He was married to Hester Kirkbridge at Vermont, IL, in 1881. They have two children, Mary and Bertha.
Mr. Hoopes is proprietor of the dining rooms of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, in Galesburg, in Vermont, IL, and in Burlington, Iowa.

Sollis R. Holmes
Retired; Galesburg; born in Waterville, Vermont, April 14, 1822; educated in Bakersfield, Vermont. His father, Jesse Christie Holmes, was born in Peterboro, New Hampshire, in 1787; his mother, Orinda (Oakes) Holmes, was born in Cambridge, Vermont, in 1798. His paternal grandparents were Robert and Mary (Weir) Holmes, natives of Londonderry, New Hampshire; his maternal grandparents were John and Esther (Cochran) Oakes, natives of Vermont. His great-grandfather, on the father’s side, was John Holmes, of Londonderry, Ireland, which town was also the residence of his great-great-grandfather, Abraham Holmes, born in 1683.
In 1845, Mr. S. R. Holmes came west, and for two years taught school in Philadelphia, Missouri; he then taught for five years in Warsaw, IL. He afterwards kept a warehouse in Warsaw for two years, and was agent for the Keokuk and St. Louis Packet Company. In 1855, he engaged in the hardware trade.
During the Civil War, Mr. Holmes was Deputy Provost Marshal in what was then the Fourth District of Illinois, with headquarters at Quincy. While a resident of Warsaw, he held various public offices, including those of City Treasurer, Alderman, and Mayor. In 1870, he became adjuster for a fire insurance company, his field covering nine northwestern States. He was later insurance inspector for several cities, with headquarters at Burlington, Iowa. In 1893, he retired from active business.
Mr. Holmes was married June 10, 1849, to Rosette A. Farnsworth, at Bakersfield, Vermont. There are six children, Horace Atherton, Fred Hosmer, Frank Farnsworth, Jessie Rosette, Sollis Perry, and Norman Vernon. Mr. Holmes is a Presbyterian. In politics, he is a republican.

James R. Howe
Galesburg; born in Aurora, IL., where he was educated. He is a locomotive engineer in the employ of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad. He began as an apprentice in the machine shop in 1876, and in 1888 was given charge of an engine; he now has one of the best passenger runs on the road.
In 1888, he was married to Hattie V. Page. They have one son, Harold J. Mr. Howe has always taken an active interest in politics, having been a member of the City and County Republican Committee. In 1892, he was elected Vice President of the National Republican Clubs, and in 1898, was a delegate-at-large to the National Convention at Omaha. He is a member of the Galesburg Business Men’s Club, and the Soangetaha Club. He belongs to Vesper Lodge, No. 584, A. F. and A. M., and Chapter 46, R. A. M., Galesburg; Oriental Consistory, thirty-second degree, and A. A. O. N. M.S. of Peoria. He studied law in the office of Judge P. S. Post, and was admitted to practice in the Illinois State courts, June 7, 1899, and in the United States courts, June 27, 1899.

Alfred Hoyer
Carriage-maker; Galesburg; born Sept 17, 1862, in Sweden, where he was educated. His parents, Andrew and Katie (Anderson) Larson, and his grandfather, Louis Larson, live in Sweden.
He was married in Galesburg July 26, 1888, to Tillie G., daughter of Olans and Amy Margaret (Jonesson) Ohlson, of Sweden. They have three children, Mertle Francis, Harold Alfred, and Amy Olson.
Mr. Hoyer came to Knox County in 1881, and settled in Galesburg, where he worked a few months for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company. He then learned the trade of carriage-making and blacksmithing.
In 1886, he went to Omaha, Nebraska, where he remained seven months, and then returned to Galesburg, where he was again employed by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company for a short time.
He started in business for himself July 15, 1897, and soon after entered into Partnership with John E. Holmquist, under the firm name of Hoyer and Holmquist, their business being horseshoeing, wagon and carriage work, at 162 West Main Street. Mr. Hoyer is a Congregationalist. In politics he has been a republican.

Aaron Gordon Humphrey
Physician; Galesburg; born in Delaware, Ohio, July 19, 1832. His parents, Aaron Case and Betsey (Starr) Humphrey, were natives of Hartford, CT.; the grandparents on both sides were natives of England. He was raised on a farm in Tipton, Iowa, and attended school at Mount Carroll Seminary. He is a graduate of Hygeia Therapeutic College, NY. He has since been proprietor of a sanitarium, first at Lancaster, Ohio, then in Moline, IL, and since 1860, at Galesburg. In 1865, he conducted a sanitarium in Minneapolis.
Feb. 16, 1868, Dr. Humphrey was married to Lavina Swartzendruver, at Bloomfield, Iowa. They have one son, Albert S., who is prominent as a public reader and as a teacher of dramatic _expression and oratory.
In religion, Dr. Humphrey prefers to be known as Humanitarian. In politics he is a republican.

Henry W. Humphrey
Humphrey, Henry W., Horse-shoer; Galesburg; born June 10, 18962, at Cardiff, Wales; educated in NY. His parents were John Humphrey of Oswestry, Wales, and Hannah (Prichard) Humphrey of Herefordshire, England.
Mr. Humphrey is an Episcopalian.

Ransom C. Hunt
Attorney; Galesburg; born in Burlington, Iowa, Jan. 24, 1844; educated in Iowa and Illinois. He was married to Irene Johnson May 1, 1879. They have four children: Beulah M., Albert V., Harry C., and Florence Irene.
Mr. Hunt’s father, John B. Hunt, was born in Illinois; his mother’s name was Mary McLove; his grandfather, John Hunt, was born in Virginia and married a Bartlett.
Mr. R.C. Hunt came to Bushnell, IL., with his parents in 1857,where they lived until 1865, when they moved to Galesburg.
Mr. Hunt attended, for a time, Lombard University, and afterwards studied law, and commenced practice in Galesburg in 1868. On the death of M.D. Cook, he was elected his successor to the office of Police Magistrate, which position he held until May 1, 1897. In 1898, he removed his office to the Holmes Building, where he continues his law practice.

Whit F. Inness
Inness, Whit F., Superintendent of Water Works; Galesburg; born Feb 21, 1858, in Knox Co., where he was educated. His parents were George and Ruth (Thirlwell) Inness of England.
Mr. Inness was married Feb. 1, 1881 at Galesburg to Jennie A. Hewitt; they have one child, J.D.
Mr. Inness is a republican, and has represented the city of Galesburg as Alderman of Fifth Ward. He was Chairman of the Knox County Central Committee.

Frederick Reuben Jelliff
Journalist; Galesburg; born Sept. 25, 1854, at Whitesboro, NY. He was educated at Knox College, from which he graduated in 1878. His parents were Fletcher G. and Mary (Wilcox) Jelliff. After graduating, he taught in the high school at Galesburg for three years. In 1882 he became a reporter for the Republican-Register and in 1896 was made acting editor.
Feb. 25, 1896, Mr. Jelliff was married at Galesburg, to Lillian C. Bassler. In politics he is a republican.

C.H. Johnson
JOHNSON, C. H.; Yardmaster; Galesburg, came from Germany with his father; educated in the common schools. He was employed as brakeman in 1870, by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company, and in 1875, he was made conductor. In 1876, he was married to Bessie Munson; their children are, Clarence, a student in college; and Nellie, a teacher, and a graduate of Knox Conservatory of Music.
[Tr. by K.T.]

Edward G. Johnson

Engineer; Galesburg; born March 8, 1859, in Aurora, Illinois; educated in the common schools. His parents were John Spencer and Eliza (Brown) Johnson of New Jersey. He married Ethel Tannery, at Aurora, August 5, 1884; they had one child, Lorln E. His mother was a daughter of one of the first settlers of Aurora. Mr. Johnson began work. March 9. 1874, in the Engine Department of the Chicago. Burlington and Quincy Railroad, and since 1879, he has been in the employ of that company as a locomotive engineer. In 1889, he removed from Aurora to Galesburg. Mrs. Johnson was a daughter of Robert and Anna (Fitch) Tennery, of Aurora.
[Tr. by K.T.]

John Johnson
Transfer Business; Galesburg: born December 5, 1850, in Philadelphia: educated in Galesburg. He was married to Raenna Butler. November 10. 1870, at Galesburg, Illinois. They have one child, A. B. Mr. Johnson is a republican, and has held the office of Supervisor. He is a member of the Methodist Church.
Frank P. Jones

Thomas Keefe
Galesburg; Lumber Merchant, born April 22, 1839 in Ireland, where he was educated.
Mr. Keefe was married in Galesburg Dec. 22, 1864 to Winnifred O’Hare. They have 8 children: John Bernard, Francis Ambrose, Winnifred Cecilia, Ursula Marie, Catherine Teresa, Agatha Ito, Anastasia Louise, and Regina.
In religion Mr. Keefe is a Catholic. In politics he is a democrat.

Harvey E. Kellogg
Merchant; Galesburg; born Feb. 6, 1849 at Sheffield, MA; educated in MA and at Hedding College, Abingdon. His paternal grandparents, Elisha and Jane (Saxton) Kellogg and his father, James E., were born in Sheffield, MA. His mother, Jennette Warner, daughter of Harvey DeForest and Elizabeth (Clark) Warner, were natives of Connecticut.
For thirteen and a half years Mr. Kellogg was employed as a salesman for the O.T. Johnson Company. Oct. 12, 1889 he formed a partnership with E.R. Drake, Alfred Olson, and N.P.Nelson, under the firm name of Kellogg, Drake and Company, dry goods, and in 1894, the firm name was changed to Kellogg, Drake and Olson

Edward J. King
Lawyer; Galesburg; born July 1, 1867 at Springfield, MA; educated in Galesburg. His parents were J.A. King of Suffield, CT, and Alice (Houghton) King, of Springfield, MA. His paternal grandparents, Albert and Louise King, and his maternal grandparents, Albert and Louise Houghton, were natives of CT.
Mr. E. J. King spent his early life on a farm in Massachusetts. In 1880 he came to Galesburg and entered the public schools, graduating from the high school in 1886. He then taught school for one year, and in 1887, entered Knox College, graduating in 1891. He studied law in the office of James A. McKenzie, and was admitted to the Bar in March 1893. In April, 1894, he was elected City Attorney of Galesburg by an overwhelming majority. In politics he is a republican.
Mr. King was married Jan. 1, 1895 in Galesburg to May B. Roberts. They have one son, Ivan Roberts.

John King
Roadmaster; Galesburg; born in Peoria County, IL. in 1859. He is a son of Philip King. In 1872, he and his father were employed as section hands by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company.
He was married to Anna McGann in 1882, and has four sons and one daughter, Philip, Michael, John, Timothy, and Margarette.
Mr. King held the position of yardmaster in Peoria for 15 years and was then made road-master of the Peoria division. In politics he is a democrat.

S.P. Kooser
Engineer; Galesburg; born in Fayette Co, PA., Feb. 28, 1853, where he was educated. His parents were Samuel Kooser of Somerset Co, PA, and Sarah (Kern) Kooser, of Fayette Co.; his paternal grandparents, Peter and Rebecca (Moore) Kooser, were also of Somerset Co.; his maternal grandparents, William and Sarah (Pritz) Kern, came from Fayette Co.
Mr. Kooser was first married to Sarah E. Myers; they had two children, Alice and Albert. His second marriage was with Mrs. Laura V. Cunningham, at Pittsburg, PA, Oct. 2, 1883. They have three children living, Robert G., Bernice L., and Ruby C. Mrs. Kooser had one daughter, Cora Agnes, by her first husband, Robert M. Cunningham. Her maiden name was Schoenfelder, and her family history dates back to 1730 in this country; and in the old country, to the “Seven Years’ War” between the Allies and Frederick the Great. Peter Schoenfelder was private secretary to one of the chief officers of the Allies and led by religious fervor rather than by love of military distinction, came to America in 1730. Mrs. Kooser’s grandfather, also Peter Schoenfelder, was in the War of 1812. Her parents were George Josiah and Elizabeth (Torner) Schoenfelder of Pennsylvania and Virginia, respectively.
Mr. Kooser worked on the farm with his father until he was twenty-one years of age; in addition to farming they marketed horses in Philadelphia before the days of railroads. When he was 22 he began to work as brakeman on the Pennsylvania Railroad; was afterwards a flagman, and was a conductor for seven years. In 1887 he was a fireman on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, and in 1889 took the position of engineer, which he now holds. In politics he is a republican.


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