La Salle County IL History
Illinois State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1858 and 1859

[by George W. Hawes, Scripps, Bross & Spears, Printers, Daily Press Book and Job Office, Chicago IL ]


 Arrow: a post office of La Salle County. Newton Ward, postmaster.
Asbury: a post office of La Salle County. James M. Vannosdoll, postmaster.
Buck Creek: a post office of La Salle County. Nathan Woolsey, postmaster.
Bruce: a township of La Salle County, near the southeast part, about 76 miles southwest from Chicago. It comprises part of the Grand Prairie.
Clay: a post office of La Salle County, 140 mile north-northeast from Springfield. Ephriam S. Beardsley, postmaster.
Cornville: A post village of La Salle County. Newton Ward, Postmaster
Cretty: A post office of La Salle County. Jeremiah Cratty, Postmaster
Deer Park: A post village of LaSalle County, about 120 miles north by east from Springfield and about 95 from Chicago. Richard Shapland, Postmaster.
Dimmick: A post village of LaSalle County, about 5 miles north from La Salle. Archibald Long, Jr., Postmaster.
Eagle: A post office of LaSalle County, in the township of the same name on Vermillion River, south-east from LaSalle. Isaac Painter, Postmaster.
Earl: A flourishing village of LaSalle County, on the line of the C. B. & Q. R. R., 77 miles south of west from Chicago.
Fairville: A post office of La Salle County. George W. Norton, Postmaster.
Farm Ridge: A post village of La Salle County, 55 miles north-east from Peoria. Elmer Baldwin, Postmaster.
Freedom: A post village of La Salle County, in the township of the same name, on Little Indian Creek, about 12 miles north from La Salle. Norman Smith, Postmaster.
Galloway: A post village of La Salle County, on Vermillion River 115 miles N.N.E. from Springfield and about 12 miles S. E. from La Salle. Francis Galloway, Postmaster.
High Prairie: A post office of LaSalle County. Ranson Baker, postmaster.

La Salle County: is situated in the north sentral part of the state, and has an area of 1,050 square miles. It is intersected by the Illinois river, flowing from east to west, and also drained by Fox and Vermillion Rivers and by Indian Creek. The surface is undulating, diversified by prairies and woodlands, the former being the most extensive. The soil is exceedingly rich and well cultivated. Corn, wheat, oats, hay and coal are the staples. It contains a large number of churches, several newspaper offices and has over 3,000 pupils attending public schools.
The county is also intersected by the Illinois and Michigan canal, by the Illinois Central and Chicago and Rock Island Railroads. The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad also crosses the northern portion. It was settled by white people in 1822, and was organized as a county in 1831, the population at that time being about 300. In early days this was embraced in Fayette County, of which Vandalia was the county town and still earlier, it was within the scope of territory claimed by Randolph County, State of Virginia and Kaskaskia was the county town. This county abounds in coal mines, which afford an immense revenue, and the product has become of late years, almost the staple article of trade. Many of the original settlers of the county are still living within its limits. The name was given in honor of M. La Salle, one of the first explorers of Illinois. Capital, Ottawa. Population, about 38,000.

County Officers
County Judge - Champlain.
County Clerk, Philo Lindley
County Treasurer, Samuel R. Lewis.
School Commissioner, Wells Waite.
Surveyor, W. F. Whitmore.
Sheriff, Eri L. Waterman.
Clerk of Circuit Court, J. F. Nash

La Salle: The city of La Salle is situated in the county of the same name, at the head of navigation on the Illinois River, where the Illinois Central intersects with the Rock Island railroad, 16 miles from Ottawa, the county seat, 114 from Springfield and 98 west-south-west from Chicago. La Salle is one of the most important commercial and mining points on the river, which is navigable to here for steamboats of considerable size. The number of arrivals during the year 1857 were 327, bringing cargoes of the various kinds of merchandise, while the exports were 230,000 bushels of wheat, 172,000 bushels of corn, 75,000 bushels of oats, 16,200 hogs, 11,100 barrels of salted provisions, 157,000 bushels of potatoes, 600 tons of lime and 260,000 tons of coal. The city abounds in this latter staple; eight mines being now in operation, in which are employed about 1,000 men and yielding from 100 to 400 tons daily.
The La Salle Coal Mining Basin, in which is operating the Little Rock Coal Mining Co., forms the northern boundary of the coal fields of the state, is intersected by the railroads above mentioned, and is the terminus of the Illinois and Michigan canal, which unites with the Illinois River at this point. The coal procured at these mines are of good quality and admirably adapted to manufacturing purposes, and the cheap rate at which it is afforded place it in competition with that of eastern mines. The immense quantities to be found here, and the increasing demand for it, has also rendered necessary a large increase of capital and labor, which is estimated at 40 per cent per annum. The river at La Salle is 900 feet in width, and is spanded by a substantial bridge, having 20 arches of 45 feet pan each, supported by massive stone pillars and abutments. The cars pass over this bridge in their transits east and west. Manufacturing is carried on here to a great extent, and embracing almost all branches; among which are two large breweries, making 12,000 barrels of beer annually, five extensive brick yards, four lime kilns, a steam flouring mill, having six run of stones, turning out 2,400 barrels of flour weekly, a planning mill, a large foundry and machine ship, a saleratus factory (used before baking soda was manufactured for dough), a rectifying distillery, a soap and candle factory, etc., etc.
In the summer of 1857 a company was organized for the purpose of manufacturing flint glass and buildings erected in the city. These building are three in number an make an imposing appearance, the largest being 56 by 89 feet, is to be used for melting and blowing; the next is 30 by 64, and is designed to be used as a cutting chop, the machinery to be driven by a six horse power engine; the other is 20 by 100 feet, and will be used to manufacture their crucibles in, etc. The mechanical department is under the direction of Jean Pierre Colne, who was fifteen years assistant manager in the largest glass manufactory in France, that of Boccarat, in which was employed about 1,400 hands.
The healthy situation and other natural advantages of La Salle, its easy communication south and west by either railroad or river, and the great abundance and low price of coal and sand of a superior quality, will tend greatly to insure the success of this new enterprise in our state.
In educational advantages this city is not behind others of her size, having a collegiate seminary belonging to the Catholics, and a Protestant seminary, this latter costing about $11,000, and is capable of accommodating 350 students; besides these there are five district schools, which are well attended. There are five churches, viz.: One Episopalian, one Baptist, one Roman Catholic, one Congregationalist and one Methodist, all of which are fine buildings, adding much to the beauty of the city. There are also several banking establishments, two newspaper offices having weekly issued. The Hardy House, the only hotel of note, is a large and commodious building, occupying a central position. The city is built on a bluff rising from the river, affording an excellent view of great beauty, extending as far a Peru. Taking into consideration the vast amount of mineral wealth which underlies the city and surrounding district, the facilities for transfportation to and from other points and the healthiness of the climate, this may justly be considered one of the most prominent points of interest in the west.
La Salle is separated from Peur only by an imaginary line, which, were it done away with, and the two cities united in one common interest, would tend greatly to the advancement of both, making one of the first cites of the west - one in name and one in interest. We doubt not such a movement would meet with general favor from the citizens of both places. Population, 4,400. J. H. McFarron, postmaster.

Alphabetical List of Professions, Trades, Etc.
Adams & Brown, dry goods.
Adams, O. N., manager of Little Rock Mining Co.
Agricultural Warehouse, L. E. Parsons, proprietor.
Alexander, F. J., Watches and Jewelry, Main St.
Allen, J., groceries and provisions.
American House, A. PcPhedrau, proprietor, Cor. Main and Buckland Sts.
Amsler, George, boot and shoe maker.
Anderson, W., ornamental painter.
Anthony, A., proprietor Hardy House, Cor First and Wright Sts. (See advt.)
Aylesworth, R., tin, copper and iron plate worker, Main St.
Baldwin, Heman, banker.
Blanchard M., attorney at law
Blish, J., Jr., recitifier, dealer in wines, brandies, etc., Main St.
Bowen, E. A., boots, shoes and clothing, and agent for N. A. Keronene Oil Co.
Bowen, G. E., dry goods, etc., Main St.
Bowen, E. A., dry goods, etc. Main St.
Briggs, William D., physician and surgeon.
Brown, John, livery and sale stable, Goodwin St.
Breg, Francis, physician and surgeon, Main St.
Buck, George H., groceries, ship chandlery, liquors, etc.
Bull, E. F., notary puplic.
Canon & Miller, attorneys at law, Main St.
Chapman, H. B. groceries, provisions, etc., cor Main and Gooding Sts.
Clancy, John, butcher
Cody, R., groceries, liquors, etc.
Conlin & Bro., commission merchants and dealers in lumber.
Connell, Mrs. A., millinery and fancy goods.
Cornell, W. H., cigar maker.
Cruickshank, Alexander, banker
Dale & McKay, dry goods.
Darling, A. E., dry goods, glass ware, etc.
Day, William, lumber.
Deigan, James, groceries and provisions.
Dunlop, Andrew, baker and confectioner, Main St.
Eliel, Louis, clothing and furnishing goods.
Fallon, Thomas, groceries and provisions.
Farrall, Jonathan H., saddles and harness.
Gillett & Co., City Drug Store, First St.
Godfrey, A. C., groceries and provisions.
Godfrey, H. M., physician and surgeon.
Goldman, Louis, clothing and furnishing.
Gould, Willard, confectionary and fancy goods.
Hall, Lyman, physician and surgeon, office at City Hall.
Hatch & Carlton, groceries and commission, Main St.
Haver, J., furniture, First St.
Hardy House, A. Anthony, Proprietor, Corner of First and Wright Sts., City of La Salle. This House having been recently refitted and furnished anew, is now open to the public, who will find every attention, and first class accommodation. A carriage passes this House to meet all cars.
Higgins, John & Bro., groceries and produce, cor Main and Gooding Sts.
Hitt, Isaac R., land and real estate agent.
Hough & Bascom, attorneys at law.
Hough, D. L., notary public.
Jenkins & Blanchard, attorneys at law Main St.
Jenkins, D. P., attorney at law
Keeler, Bennigin & Co., La Salle iron works, on the steamboat basin.
Kilauff, Patrick, just of the peace, notary, alderman and public administrator.
King, George W., groceries, forwarding and commission, Main St.
Laning & Bennett, Eagle Iron Store, cor First and Joliet Sts.
Larkin, L. B., physician and surgeon, Main St.
Lawson, A. G., physician and surgeon.
Linch, Jeremiah, groceries and provisions.
McFarran, J. H., postmaster
McGirr, Arthur, real estate and insurance agent.
McPhedran, A., proprietor American House.
McVean, Duncan, merchant tailor and clothing.
Malone, John, groceries and provisions.
Mann, J., barber and hair dresser.
Merrill & Foster, saddles and Harness, Main St.
Moffatt, E. R., police magistrate and ex-officio Justice of the Peace
Mooney & Bro., Great Western Clothing House, near Hardy House.
Murphy Dennis, dry goods, etc.
Noeker, Auz., forwarding and commission.
Norton, Samuel M., forwarding and commission.
Norton, S. B., lumber
O'Brien, Kennedy, hides and leather, Main St.
O'Conner, Martin, Produce, Canal St.
O'Halloran, J., groceries and provisions, Main St.
O'Reilly, James, groceries and provisions.
Orsinger, Geo., confectioner and baker.
Owen, Miss A., milliner and fancy goods.
Parkhurst, L., proprietor La Salle flour mills.
Parks, Miss C. M., daguerrcian artist
Parks, R. G., grain merchant and steamboat agent, office on Steamboat Basin.
Parsons, L. E., forwarding and commission.
Perkins I., ornamental marble worker, First St.
Portlethwaite & Co., drugs, books and stationery, Main St.
Prescott, M. H., Jr., boots, shoes and leather.
Prindiville, M., groceries and provisions, Main St.
Quinn, John, butcher.
Reidy, John L., groceries and provisions.
Rosenberg, Chas. S., dry goods, clothing, etc.
Sanger, C. M. & Co., drugs, paints, oils, etc., Cor First & Wright Streets.
Sisson, Edward, soap and candle manufacturer, Water St.
Sisson, F., manufacturing and rectifying distiller, Water Street.
Sisson, Freeborn, notary public.
Spence, P., ambrotype artist.
Strain & Bull, attorneys at law.
Strout, Mrs. S., millinery and fancy goods.
Swarthout, J. F., boots and shoes, tobacco, snuff and cigars.
Todd, W. & J. & Co., groceries and commission
Treat, F. G., hardware, cutlery and manufacturer of tin and copper ware.
Warfield, A. W., physician and surgeon, Main St.
Welsh, Thomas, groceries and provisions.
Welch, Wm. W., physician and surgeon.
Wixom, Justin D., groceries, wooden ware, etc. First St.
Wright & Howland, lumber and commission, Canal St.
Zimmermann, Co., groceries and boarding.

Lowell: A post office of La Salle County on Vermillion River, near the north-west part of the county. William Seely, postmaster.
Marseilles: A post village of La Salle County, on the Illinois River and canal, 76 miles by water from Chicago. It is a prominent shipping point for grain, etc. Coal is found in the vicinity. Albert Butterfield, postmaster.

Mendota: is a thriving place in the north-west corner of La Salle County, on the line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad, at the point where that road forms a junction with the Illinois Central, 22 miles north-west from Ottawa, the county seat and 16 miles north from La Salle. The town is built near the center of a rich rolling prairie having a healthy climate, good water and an abundant supply of wood and coal, and surrounded by beautiful groves of wood and timber. The soil is excellent. It was not laid out until 1853, though settled at an earlier day. As a seat of learning Mendota takes a most decided preeminence over nay town of its size in the state, having two colleges and numerous public and private schools. The college buildings are fine brick structures, and have extensive ground connected with them, donated by prominent men of the place. There are also four churches in the town. Manufacturing is carried on to a considerable extent, the most prominent establishment being the city flouring mills, said to be the finest in the state, and capable of turning out 1,200 barrels of flour per week. Besides this there is a large machine shop, five blacksmith shops, an extensive sash, door and blind factory, etc. Two weekly papers are published here, the Mendota Press and the Mendota Express (German). Connected with the railroad depot is a fine hotel.
Besides the railroad already completed two or three others are being built which will add materially to the business and interests of the town. E. S. Mudgett, Postmaster.

Alphabetical List of Professions, Trades, Etc.
Andrews & Chambers, Stove, sheet iron, etc.
Arick & Anderson, grain and commission merchants.
August & Thanhouser, clothing.
Amgustine & Bo., dry goods,hardward.
Ballou, e. M., surgeon.
Beecher, George, shoemaker.
Bassett, A. B., artist.
Bettendorf, M., grocer.
Berustein, S. & Bo.
Best, J. E., lumber dealer.
Birming, J., baker.
Blackstone & Pentan, proprietors of the city mills and produce merchants.
Blanchard, G. L., stationery.
Boeddger, F., tobacco and cigars.
Burt & Treat, groceries.
Charles, Otto, jeweler.
Church & Houghton, druggists.
Clark, H. L., lumber dealer.
Cook, E. P., physician.
Collett & Buckhard, cabinet ware.
Crooker, J. C., notary public.
Dlebin, J. W., clothing, boots and shoes.
Dana, S. E., agent C. B & Q. R. R.
Dawson, James, tinsmith.
Dawson, R. N., stoves, etc.
Diesterweg & Copfer, dry goods and hardware.
Dodge, D. A. & Co., grocers.
Dodt, F., gunsmith
Edwards & Shipley, blacksmiths.
Edwards, F. H., physician.
Farnburg, Solomon, clothing store.
Folty, J. P., dentist.
Frank, D., dry goods and clothing.
Freeman, William, bakery.
French, E. C., Justice of the Peace and Notary Public.
Fuller, S., dealer in produce.
Gillman, J. B., notary public.
Gross, Robert, watchmaker and jeweler.
Hasting, Adams & Co., dry goods.
Hay, George P., merchant tailor.
Higgins, c. M., boots and shoes.
Howard, M. F., forwarding and commission merchant.
Humiston, S. D. & L. S., dry goods.
Helsey L., land and collecting agent.
Johnston, C. H., drugs, medicines, etc.
Kenworthy, J., wagon and carriage maker.
Lamb, G. H., proprietor of Lamb's Hotel.
Longton, Geo., butcher.
McFarland, J. B., land agent.
Martin, M. A., milliner.
Moore, S. M., land agent.
Morrison, S., lumber, lath, shingles, etc.
Mudgett, E. S., attorney at law and postmaster.
Mekles, Mower, baker.
Passenger House, Mendota. J. Able, proprietor. This house has just been enlarged and furnished anew at a cost of $35,000. The accommodation is not to be surpassed west of New York City.
Porter, P. L., deputy sheriff
Pilkington & Co., druggists
Post, H. J., harness manufacturer
Preston, W. P., physician and surgeon
Pryce, J. H., boot and shoe maker.
Reed, Jacob, proprietor of Reed's Hotel.
Rush, C. H, jeweler
Scott & Co., dry goods, boots, shoes, etc.
Smith & Clyne, harness makers
Smith, S. J.,druggiest.
Stinton, S B., attorney at law.
Stone & Latham, groceries.
Tanker, J. M., dry good merchant.
Waldo, E. Y., bookseller and stationery.
Warstey, Joseph, farmer.
West, Samuel, lumber dealer.
Wheeler, G. A., groceries.
Wilknart, Charles, harness maker.
Wilson, Thomas, provision dealer.
Welteon & Co., coal, lime and salt merchants.
Winans & Stratton, undertakers.
Winchester, H. F., general dealers.
Winless, John, auction and commission merchant.

Mission Point: A post village of La Salle County, in the north-eastern part. Ebenezer Neff, postmaster.
No Grove: a post office of La Salle County.
Norway: A post village of La Salle County, near the north-east part. Ovee Rosdail, postmaster.
Northville: A post village of La Salle County, near Fox River, 65 miles south-southwest from Chicago. William Hughes, postmaster.
Ophir: A post township of La Salle County, in the north central part. Edmond Doge, postmaster.

Ottawa: A flourishing town, capital of La Salle County, is situated on both sides of the Illinois River, just below the mouth of Fox River, and on the line of the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad, 88 miles west - southwest from Chicago. Improvements are being made in the rapids of the Illinois River, a few miles below the town, which will render it navigable for steamboats at all stages of water. The Fox River at this point has a fall of 29 feet, producing a water power which is said to surpass any in the state. Ottawa contains several churches, 1 bank, 2 newspaper offices and a number of large flouring mills and factories. Rich beds of coal are found in the vicinity. The Supreme Court for the north division of the state is holden here. Wm. Osman, Postmaster.

Alphabetical List of Professions, Trades, Etc.
Armour, John, grain merchant, corner Fulton and Madison Sts.
Avery, Miss, millinery, Columbus St.
Avery, J., attorney at law.
Barnsley, Albert, shaving saloon, Public Square.
Bates, Chas. W., homoeopathist.
Black, R. O., furniture and cabinet ware, LaSalle St.
Brown, Henry, blacksmith, Main St.
Bristol, M. B., agent.
Bristol, Geo., dealer in lumber, west side of side cut.
Bristol, Geo., dealer in lumber, west side of side cut.
Cogeulin, A. F., sash, doors, blinds, etc.
Caverly, A. W., notary public, La Salle Ct.
Chapin, E. J., jeweler.
Cheever, S. W., merchant, Main St.
Child & Co., boots and shoes, Main St.
Colburn C Co., proprietors Morrison House.
Crooks, S., watchmaker.
Croley, Mrs. , Millinery
Dickey, J., watches, jewelry, etc.
Douglas & Clark, dry goods.
Dyer & Osgood, groceries, etc., La Salle St.
Eames, Allen & Co., bankers.
Earl & Son, S. E., oils, paints, etc.
Ebert, Wm., bakery, Main St.
Emerson, s. M. attorney at law.
Faufield, M. F. lumber, lath, etc., Madison Street.
Fisher, A. A., Justice of the Peace
Fisher, G. S. insurance agent.
Fiske & Taylor, clothing, boots, shoes, etc.
Ford, Miss, milliner.
Foge & Hall, reaping machine manufacturer.
Gedulding, H., boot and shoe store, Main St.
Geiger House, Ottawa Ill. John Spicer, proprietor
Goodrich, C. G., surgeon
Godfrey, P., groceries, Columbus St.
Gray, c. G., attorney at law
Gorman, John, bakery, Main St.
Gregg, Sarah, millinery goods.
Gridley Cogswell & Co., thrashing and mowing machines
Griggs, E. Y., druggist
Halbert, E. G., boots and shoes, Main St.
Halbert, Bean & Cotton, dry goods, north of Court House.
Hanford, H., boots and shoes, Main St.
Harris, J. O., physician.
Hard, C., surgeon, Madison St.
Haskell & Sample, Exchange Mills
King, H., planing mill
Knight, Oscar, merchant tailor
Kneufol, M., druggist, Main St.
Larkin, Thomas, clothing, Madison St.
Leaky, Daniel, boots and shoes.
Leland & Leland, attorneys at law, Court House.
Lockwood, John & Co., dry goods and groceries.
Lutz, Co., book bindery.
Lockwood John & Co., dry goods and groceries.
Lutz, C., book bindery
McArthur R., drug store, La Salle St.
McCain, A.K., jeweler.
Magill, A. V., grain merchant, Madison St.
Manley & Dow, hardware.
Mann, Geo., City Mills.
Meigs, J. H., family supplier, La Salle St.
Mills, J. W., dry goods, La Salle St.
Hatherway, J. W., physician, corn Main and La Salle St.s
Heron, Miss, millinery.
Hickey, T., harness saddles, trunks, etc.
Hine, E. W. & Co., Corn Mills
Hobert & Bro., dentists.
Holland E. & Co., attorneys at law, Court House
Hoyt, F. B., jeweler.
Jackson & Lockwood, hardware.
Jones, H. W., agent carriage manufactory.
Jones, Davd P., attorney at law.
Kimball, E. W., stoves, tin, copper, etc.
King, J. M., hides and leather, La Salle St.
King & Hard, hardware.
Miner, Miss, millinery.
Mooney, Jacob, clothing, Public Square
Murphy, D. J., groceries, provisions, etc., La Salle St.
Olson, Andrew, painter and glazier, Main St.
Osborne, Wm., book and job printer, Madison St.
Pearson & Osburn, groceries and dry goods, La Salle St.
Pierce, G. W., merchant, La Salle St.
Pembrook, J., deguarreian artist.
Prescott, M. H. & Co., boots and shoes, No. 2 Hassac's block.
Prescott, F. C., hats, caps, furs, etc.
Putnam, A. C. & S. C., drugs, medicines, etc.
Putnam, A. C., physician.
Ramsey, M. R., liquors, La Salle St.
Rapp, H., glove and mitten store.
Rathbun & Orton, booksellers and stationers, Main St.
Rathburn & Orton, United States Express Co.'s agents.
Rathburn, J. E., grocer, La Salle St.
Raugh, L. & Co., clothing.
Reddick, Mw., dry goods, clothing, boots and shoes, etc., Public Square.
Reed, Capt. J. A., auction and commission store.
Richardson, W. E. & E., hide and leather.
Riergue, Lawrence, baker and grocer, Main Street store, La Salle St.
Rugg, G. H. , reaper manufacturer.
Russel, Peter, furniture depot, La Salle St.
Sanford, C. W., bakery, Columbus St.
Sanger, Lucian P., land agency.
Schneider, G. H. tobacco and cigars, La Salle Street.
Schuler, G. L. dry goods.
Schutt & Co., Custom Mills.
Schutt J. & Co., grocers, Main St.
Sherman, J., Beardsley, coal
Smallman, M. & Co., medicines, Etc.
Smith, E. B., justice of the peace.
Smith, Wm., dentist.
Spencer & Earl, crockery and glassware.
Spicer, John, Geiger House
Stone & Erls, saddles, harness and trunks, Columbus St.
Stout, John markets, La Salle St.
Strawn & Powell, lumber merchants, Main St.
Sweetzer, f. D., reapers, sickles, etc.
Thompson, H., dry goods, etc.
Thompson, D. D., physician.
Thomson, G. L., druggist.
Thorne & Zimmerman, clothing, 3 Rerclick Block
True & Waterman, bankers
Tucker, Henry, Eagle Mills
Tandoren & Morris, corn starch manufacturers.
Wather, D. & Co., druggists.
Wallace, W. H. L., attorney at law.
Wweiller & Bro., clothiers.
Wheeler & Simpson, bakery, Main St.
Whitman, M. C., grocer, etc., Main St.
Whitten M., physician, La Salle St.
Wills, James, marble dealer, etc.
Wood & Doulery, City Market.
Zammerman & Coles, cabinet makers.

Peru: The city of Peru is situated in La Salle County, at the head of navigation on the Illinois River, 16 miles from Ottawa, the county seat, 114 miles from Springfield, 99 miles from Chicago, one miles from the junction of the Illinois Central railroad with the Illinois and Michigan canal, and on the Chicago and Rock Island railroad. It received its charter as a city in 1851, at which time it only numbered 1,500 inhabitants, but the superior advantages offered for manufacturing, and its commercial location, has drawn the attention of capitalists to it, and made it one of the most prominent in the State. The amount of steam shipping owened here amounts to 4,700 tons, and the whole number of arrivals, during the year 1857, were 291. The receipts of lumber by canal and railroad amounted to upward of 10,000 feet, while the exports were 337,000 bushels of wheat, 625,000 bushels of corn, 161,000 bushels of oats, 48,000 barrels of four (manufactured here), 28,500 bushels of potatoes, 31,000 bushels of barley, 12,000 barrels of malt liquors, 7,000 hides, besides large quantities of beef, pork, etc., of which no accurate amount can be given. The principal article of export, however, is coal, immense quantities of which is annually shipped to the various manufacturing cities of the West, affording a revenue which, judging from present appearances, must be lasting. The Peru Coal Mining Company, the largest in the city, is capable of turning out 400 tons daily. This coal is chiefly used for manufacturing purposes, for which it is admirably adapted. Man of the Western Cities are lighted with gas made from it, among which we may name Springfield, Galena and Dubuque, Iowa.
The manufacturing interests of Peru are well developed, and consist in part of a plow factory, a fanning mill and corn sheller factory, three large breweries, one large steam flouring mill, one match factory, one foundry and machine shop, two soap and candle factories, one rectifying establishment, four saddle and harness factories, three wagon factories, four extensive brick manufactories, two lime kilns, two large furniture factories, doing a business of $276,000 annually, ten blacksmith shops, one saw and planning mill, an extensive shipyard, dry dock and marine railway, for the repairing of steamboats and barges. Considerable trade is done is ice, 16,000 tons of which is shipped annually to southern ports.
In educational advantages Peru is not behind other cities of the west, having a high school (250 students), a German and English private school and five district schools. There are also six churches, viz.: one Episcopal, one Congregational, two Lutheran, and one Catholic, all fine buildings, and adding much to the beauty of the city. Besides the above there are three weekly papers published here; a bank, three hotels and other buildings of a public and private character. The Chambery House was built at an expense of $25,000, and is the finest in the city.
The location of the city is very fine, occupying as it does a range of table land stretching along the margin of the river, where the principal manufacturing interests are located. The climate is healthy and scenery delightful. Separated as Peru is from La Salle by only an imaginary line, the interests of the two cities would seem to indicate an advantage were they united. In such an event a city would be formed which would be one of immense importance to the whole west - the immense coal fields by which they are under laid being sufficient to supply an unlimited range of country, with small expense and ready dispatch. Population 4,200. E. Winslow, postmaster.

Alphabetical List of Trade, Professions, Etc.
Bank of Peru, Theron D. Brewster, Pres. Fred S. Day, Cashier.
Barton, James, Lumber, grain, storage and commission.
Behrend, P. K. & Co., brewers.
Birkenbuel, A., architect and stone mason.
Blanchard, Chas., attorney and counselor at law.
Brewster, Theron, proprietor of plow factory.
Brooks, J. M. lumber.
Brown, Henry H., land and insurance agent.
Bushnell & Lancaster, Lumber dealers, architects and builders.
Cheeseman, E. T. & Co., drugs, oils, paints, etc., Water Street.
Chumasero & Eldrige, attorneys and counselors at law.
Chumasero, Wm., notary public and United States commissioner.
Cronise & Bro., commission wines and liquors.
Cruikshanks, Alex., banker.
Dalrymple, James, publisher of Peru Commercial.
Dalrymple, James, drugs, etc.
Dalrymple, James, furniture.
Day & Allen, grocers and commission.
Day F. s. & Co., bankers
Day, W. B., grain and commission merchant.
Fisher, C. W., boot and shoe manufacturer.
Fisher, J. F. & Co., proprietor Peru City Mills
Hackman, Naub, Wood Dealer
Halligan, T. P., attorney at law.
Harmon, M. C., storage, forwading and commission.
Helbing, Co., tobacco and cigars.
Hellman, Isaac, clothing, etc.
Higgins, E. & Co., iron and hardware.
Hinzen, F. Ch., distiller and dealer in wines, liquors, etc.
Hitchcock, A. G., produce and commission
Hohss, Adolph, proprietor Mountain House
Hass, brewer
Holmes, Hiram, land agent.
Huntoon, C. H., groceries, provisions, etc.
Illinois River House, A. Schneider, proprietor.
Jones, Henry, Justice of Peace
Kamer & Denny, stoves, tin, copper and sheet iron ware.
Kamer & Denny, stoves, tin, copper and sheet iron ware.
Keiser, Frederick, brewer
Kelly, Charles, proprietor railroad hotel
Kelly, Joseph, saddles and harness
Koeing, F., boot and shoe maker.
Knies, P., & Co., saddles and harness.
Ladd, Geo. D., attorney at law.
Lauber & Loeffler, furniture manufacturers
Leavitt, George, corn shelling and fanning mills
Lerch, Adam, proprietor William Tell House.
Liebich I., baker and confectioner.
Lininger & Brother, dry goods and groceries.
Lininger, B. S. & G. W., stoves, tin, sheet iron and copper ware.
McMillan & Co., dry goods, clothing, etc.
Mattocks & Brother, livery and sale stables.
Maze & Brother, lumber.
Moore's Hotel, P. T. Moore, proprietor.
Morrison, William, boot and shoe maker.
Munger, C. W., railroad ticket agent.
Murray, R. & A. D., dry goods, ec.
Nadler, J., guns and sporting apparatus.
National Hotel, Joseph DuPlain, proprietor.
Nussbaum, L., clothing, etc.
Peru Commercial, J. Dalrymple, publisher
Pendergast, Ricah, dry goods, etc.
Ream, E., groceries, winew, liquors and cigars.
King & Straose, clothing.
Sapp, E., saddles and harness.
Scherzer, Wm., watches and jewelry.
Schmaldt, A. W., daguerreian artist.
Smith, A., baker and confectioner
Smith, S. G., agent, drugs, medicines, etc.
Stedman, C. & Co., proprietors of patent slip.
Uthoff, William, tobacco, snuff and cigars.
Wagenknecht, C. T., forwarding and commission.
White, J. B., dry goods, boots, shoes, etc.
Winslow, E., drugs, medicines, books and stationery.
Winslow, E., postmaster
Winston, R. A., ice merchant.
Winston, R. L., iron and hardware, Lininger's Block
Young, Nasson, lumber
Ziesing, H., physician and dealer in drugs, medicines, etc.

Serena: A post office of La Salle County. Daniel Blake, postmaster.

Tonica: Tonica is situated on the Illinois Central Railroad, nine miles south of the Illinois River in La Salle County. It has a most beautiful location in the midst of a very prosperous community, and is destined to be the center of a large business. The country is well settled all around it. There is not a better point for mercantile or manufacturing business. An excellent quality of coal is delivered here at $2.50 per ton, about fifty tons of which are shipped daily. It has about 550 inhabitants.

Alphabetical List of Professions, Trades, Etc.
Bullock, J. T., tanner.
Copeland, Calvin, Jr
Dakin, G. M., physician and surgeon.
Evans, French, farmer.
Evans, Wm., farmer.
Kingsley, H., general merchant.
Foote, D. K., lumber dealer.
Howe, Peter, farmer.
Holdridge, Asa, farmer.
Moore, S. s., farmer.
Sewall, Y. a., physician and surgeon.
Swain, farmer.
Swift, J. D., farmer
Wood, E. W., physician and surgeon.
West, A. J., postmaster.

Troy Grove: a post village of La Salle County, about 80 miles west - southwest from Chicago. M. Masterman, postmaster.
Utica: A village of La Salle County, on the Illinois River and canal, nine or ten miles west from Ottawa. This place has a good landing and does a large shipping business. James Clark, postmaster.
Vermilionville: a small post village in the southwest part of La Salle county. John W. Wood, postmaster.
Waltham: a post office of La Salle County. Ira Sanborn, postmaster.
Waverly Station: A post office and station of La Salle County, situated on the line of the Chicago and Burlington Railroad, 71 miles from Chicago. James H. Pearce, postmaster.


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