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McHenry County

1885 History of McHenry County
History of McHenry County, Illinois : together with sketches of its cities, villages and towns, educational, religious, civil, military, and political history, portraits of prominent persons, and biographies of representative citizens : also a condensed History of Illinois, embodying accounts of pre-historic races, aborigines, Winnebago and Black Hawk wars, and a brief review of its civil and political history. Chicago: Inter-State Pub. Co., 1885, 991 pgs

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Biographies within the Book

HISTORY OF ILLINOIS FORMER OCCUPANTS.
Mound Builders-Galena Mounds-Large Cities

INDIANS.
An Original Race-Origin of Name-Illinois Confederacy-Starved Rock-Sacs and Foxes-Manners and Customs-Single Handed Combat with Indians

EARLY DISCOVERIES.
Nicholas Perrot-Joliet and Marquette-La Salle's Explorations-Great Battle of the Illinois -Frenchmen Driven Away-Inhuman Butchery-Tonti Safe at Green Bay-La Salle's Return-La Salle's Assassination

FRENCH OCCUPATION.
First Settlements-The Mississippi Company-The People Taxed-Arrival of John Law-Visions of Wealth-The Bubble Burst

ENGLISH RULE.
Claimed by the English-General Clark's Exploits-He Takes Kaskaskia-Vincennes Captured-The Hair-Buyer General-Advantageous Services of Clark

ILLINOIS AND THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY.
County of Illinois-Ceded in 17S4-Ordinance of 1787-Sympathy with Slavery-St. Clair, Governor of Northwestern Territory-Illinois Territory

WAR OF 1812.
The Outbreak-Massacre at Fort Dearborn-Slaughter of Prisoners-Kinzie Family Saved- Expedition Against the Indians-An Indian Killed-Town Burned-Peoria Burned-Expedition up the Mississippi-A Desperate Fight

ILLINOIS AS A STATE.
Organization-Boundary Changed-First Constitution-Derivation of the Name Illinois-State Bank-LaFayette's Visit-Early Governors-Grammar and Cook Contrasted

INDIAN TROUBLES.
Winnebago War-John Reynolds Elected Governor-Black Hawk War-Stillman's Run-Assault on Apple River Fort-Rock River Expedition-The Battle of Bad Axe-Incidents of the Battle-Black Hawk Captured-Sketch of Black Hawk-Black Hawk Set at Liberty-Death and Burial

FROM 1834 TO 1842.
Internal Improvements-Stupendous System of Improvements Inaugurated-Illinois and Michigan Canal-Panic Repudiation Advocated-Martyr for Liberty-Carlin Elected Governor

PRAIRIE PIRATES.
Organized Bands-Ogle County the Favorite Field-Burning of Ogle County Court-House- Campbell Killed-The Murderers Shot

MORMON WAR.
"Latter Day Saints"-The Founder of Mormonism-Attempt to Arrest Joe Smith-Origin of Polygamy-Joe Smith as a Tyrant-Military Forces Assembling-Smith Arrested- Joe Smith and His Brother Killed-Consternation at Quincy-Various Depredations-Incendiarism-Making Preparation to Leave-The Battle of Nauvoo-Maltreatment of New Citizens-The Mormons Reach Salt Lake

MEXICAN WAR.
Battle of Buena Vista-Bravery of the Second Illinois-Saddest Event of the Battle-Victory for Our Army-Honored Names of this War

THE WAR FOR THE UNION.
Feeling at the South-Abraham Lincoln did not Seek the Presidency-States Seceding -The Fall of Sumter-Call for Troops Promptly Answered-A Vast Army Raised in Eleven Days-A General Summary-Capture of the St. Louis Arseaal-Liberality as Well as Patriotism-Sherman's March to the Sea-Character of Abraham Lincoln-The War Ended-The Union Restored-Schedule of Illinois Volunteers

OFFICIAL.
Governors of Illinois-Lieutenant-Governors-Superintendents of Public Instruction-Treasurers-Secretaries of State-Auditors-United States Senators-Representatives in Congress

HISTORY OF MCHENRY COUNTY.
CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTORY AND DESCRIPTIVE.
The Importance of Local History-Scope of the following pages-Geography of McHenry County-Original Area of the Couuty-Present Extent-Climatic Features-Topography-Theories Concerning Prairies-Water Courses of the County-Geological Features-Abundance of Drift Formation-Limited Exposure of Silurian Rocks-Clay and Peat

CHAPTER II.
THE EARLY SETTLERS.
Aboriginal Inhabitants of Northern Illinois-Characteristics of the Different Tribes-Indian Titles and Their Extinguishment-Various Treaties-Final Treaty at Chicago in 1833-The Dawn of Civilization-Gillilan, the First Settler in McHenry County, 1834 -Early Centers of Settlement-Pioneer Life-The Log Cabin-Characteristics of the Pioneers-An Early Settler's Reminiscences

CHAPTER III
CIVIL HISTORY.
Origin of the County's-Name-Establishment of McHenry County from Cook-Legislative Commission-Selection of the County Seat-First Election-Commissioners' Court-Formation of Precincts and Road Districts- Tax and Toll Rates-Lake County Organized-Precincts Re-formed-Township Organization-The Circuit Court-First County Buildings-Removal of the County Seat-New County Buildings-The Present Court-House and Jail-Provisions for Paupers-The County Farm-Items of Interest

CHAPTER IV.
RESOURCES AND INDUSTRIES-OFFICIAL AND POLITICAL HISTORY.
McHenry County Industrially Considered-Agriculture-Advantages Afforded to Stock-raisers-The Beginning and Growth of the Cheese-Making Industry-The Dairy Interest-- McHenry County Agricultural Society -- Railroads -- Official Register -- Roster of Legislative, Civil and Judicial Officers from 1837 to 1884 -- Political History -- Statistics -- Vote for President -- Valuation of County -- Population -- Manufacturing Statistics

CHAPTER V.
MCHENRY COUNTY IN THE REBELLION.
The Firing Upon Sumter-President's Call for Troops-Governor Yates' Proclamation -The State's Prompt Response-Popular Sentiment in McHenry County-Meeting of the Board of Supervisors-Proceedings-History of Fifteenth Regiment-Twenty-Third Regiment-Thirty-Sixth Regiment-Ninety-Fifth Resident-One Hundred and Forty-First Regiment-One Hundred and Fifty-Third Regiment-Eighth Cavalry-Miscellaneous Organizations

CHAPTER VI.
MCHENRY COUNTY BAR.
McHenry County Lawyers-Men of Character and Ability-Early Members of the Bar- A.E.Thomas, Searl, Barwick and Others-First Lawyers at Woodstock-D. C. Bush, William Sloan and Col. L. S. Church-A. B. Coon, the Oldest Lawyer of the Present Bar-Piatt & Piatt-Hon. T. D. Murphy- Hon. M. L. Joslyn-Kerr, Slavia aad Others-Biographies and Personal Mention

CHAPTER VII.
THE MEDICAL PROFESSION.
Introduction-Early Physicians-Their Character and Experiences-Prevalence of Fever and Ague in Early Times-The Climate-Its General Healthful Character-High Standing of McHenry Couuty Physicians-Historical and Biographical Record-Mention of Prominent Doctors, Early and Late-Physicians of the Several Towns and Villages of the County

CHAPTER VIII.
THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS-THE PRESS.
The Cause of Education in McHenry County-The Pioneer Schools-Growth and Development of the Present School System-The Present Condition of the Schools of the County-Statistics-The Local Press-The First Paper, the Illinois Republican, established in 1846-The Woodstock Democrat-Woodstock Argus- The Sentinel-The New Era- The McHenry County Democrat-Marengo Papers-The Marengo Republican- The Harvard Independent-McHenry Plaindealer-Richmond Gazette-Nunda Herald- Nunda Advocate

CHAPTER IX.
THE OLD SETTLERS' ASSOCIATION.
First Meeting, 1868-Officers Elected-The Reunion at McHenry in 1869-Account of Proceedings-The Reunion of 1875-The Association Permanently Organized in 1876-The Constitution-Odginai Members-Subsequent Reunions-Reminiscences-Officers and Members of the Society

CHAPTER X.
THE HONORED DEAD
A Chapter Devoted to Eminent and Worthy Citizens, Pioneers and Others Whose Life-work is Completed-Farmers, Business Men, Soldiers-Legislators-Editors and Educators-The Early Settlers-Eminent Men of Woodstock-Of Other Parts of the County-Incidents of Pioneer Life-Achievements and Honors

CHAPTER XI.
CRIMES AND ACCIDENTS.
A Chapter Devoted to the Dark Side of Life in McHenry County-The First Murder Trial-The First Murder-Dark Deeds of Later Times-A Whole Family Killed-Suicide and Murder-A Boy Murdered a Man for Money-Remarkable Storms-Destruction of Life and Property-Commonplace Accidents-Railroad Disasters-Suicides-A Lone List of Unfortunate Occurrences

CHAPTER XII.
FARM DRAINAGE

CHAPTER XIII.
ALDEN TOWNSHIP.
Origin of Name-First Settlers-Settled in 1836-Location-A Prairie Township-Nippersink Creek-First Happenings-Cemeteries-Educational Interests-Religions Interests-Postoffice-Dairy Interests-Township Officers-Alden Village-Business Men-Biographical

CHAPTER XIV.
ALGONQUIN TOWNSHIP.
Location-Topography Lakes and Streams-Railroads-Name-Settlement-Early Settlers-Early Events-Cemeteries-Grist and Saw Mills-School Statistics-Township Officers-Crystal Lake Village-Date of St ttlement-Location-Crystal Lake-Incorporation-First and Present Officers-Business Directory-Algonquin Village-Location-Laid Out in 1836-First Doings-Postoffice-Schools-Churches-Business Directory-Biographical

CHAPTER XV.
BURTON TOWNSHIP.
The Smallest Town in the County-Early Settlement-Events of Pioneer Life-A Yankee Settler Among Englishmen-Early Schools, Postoffices, Meetings, etc.-First Township Section-Changing the Name of the Town-Spring Grove-Churches-Biographical

CHAPTER XVI.
CHEMUNG TOWNSHIP.
Name-Settlement-Location-Surface Features-Railroads-Cemeteries-School Statistics-Township Officers-Cyclone-Destruction of Life and Property, and Peculiar Freaks-Lawrence-Postoffice-Presbyterian Church-Chemung-Saw and Grist Mill-Cheese Factory-Postoffice-First Religions Services-Harvard-When Platted-First Events-Hotels-Banks-Manufactories-Churches-Societies-Biographical

CHAPTER XVII.
CORAL TOWNSHIP.
Location-Description-Railroad-Kishwaukee-Settlement-First Events - Religious Services-Cemetery-School Statistics-First Postoffice-Postoffice at Harvard-Cheese Factory-First Election-First and Present Officers-Indian Village-Council House- Union Village-Date of Settlement-First House-Postoffice-Societies-Churches-Coral Village-Harmony-Biographical


CHAPTER XVIII. DORR TOWNSHIP AND CITT OP WOODSTOCK.
Location-Description-Brooks and Streams-Railroad-Named for Governor Dorr- Settlement-Virginia Settlement-First Events-Presbyterian Church of Ridgefleld- School Statistics,-Ridgefield Cemetery-Creamery-Early Reminiscences - Ridgefield Village, Laid out in 1855, by Wm. Hartman-Postoffice-Township Offices-Woodstock- Location and Appearance-Beginning and Growth-First Events-Early Settlers-Mercantile and Industrial History-Incorporated as a Village, 1852-Village Officers-City Government Formed 1873-City Officers-Memorable Fires-Fire Department-Post-office-Mineral Springs-Items-Public Schools-Private Schools-Churches and Societies-Biographical

CHAPTER XIX.
DUNHAM TOWNSHIP.
Location-Physical Features-Settled in 1836-Name Given-First Events-First Township Election-Officers-Butter and Cheese Factories-Cyclone-School Statistics-A Township Without a Trading Point-Biographical

CHAPTER XX.
GRAFTON TOWNSHIP.
Location-Topography-Streams and Lakes - Railroad - Settlement - Name - First Events-Cemeteries-School Statistics-Cheese Factory-Township Officers - Huntley Village-Name-Date of Settlement-First Events-Village- Incorporated in 1872- Churches-Societies-Portoffice-Biographical

CHAPTER XXI.
GREENWOOD TOWNSHIP.
Name of Township-Location-Topography-Organization-Officers-First Settlers- Early Events-School Statistics-Postoffice-Religious Denominations-Norwegians- Germans-Cemeteries-Saw and Grist Mills-Butter and Cheese Factories-Greenwood Village-Business Directory-Biographical

CHAPTER XXII.
HARTLAND TOWNSHIP.
Location-Physical Features-A Good Site for a Village-Settlement-Origin of Name- Organization-First Events-Officers-Schools-Mail Facilities - Cemeteries - Early Dispute About Claims-Counterfeiters-Catholic Church-School Statistics-Biographical

CHAPTER XXIII.
HEBRON TOWNSHIP.
Named by a Lady-Settled in 1S36-First Settlers-Location-Topography-First Events -Postoffices-Cemeteries-Butter and Cheese Factories-Railroad-Township Officers- School Statistics-Hebron Village-Societies-Churches-Biographical

CHAPTER XXIV.
MARENGO TOWNSHIP.
Situation-Rich in Soil and Improvements-Description-Stone Quarry-Railroad-Settlement-Early Settlers-Name Given-Early Events-First Election - Officers- School Statistics-Marengo Village-Location-Description-Temperance Town-Date of Settlement-Incorporation-Officers-Churches-Societies - Graded School - Post-office-Banks-Manufactures-Business Directory-Biographical

CHAPTER XXV.
MCHENRY TOWNSHIP.
Location-Water Advantages-Lakes, Rivers and Creeks-Rich Lands-Railroads-Site of the Old County Seat-First Settlements-First Events-Cemeteries-Postoffice-School Statistics-Township Officers-McHenry Village-Settlement-Incorporation-Officers-Manufactures-Public School-Lodge-Business Directory-West McHenry-Early History-Manufactures-Church-Business Directory-Ringwood-School-Church-Johns-burg-Church-Marble Works-Business Directory-Biographical

CHAPTER XXVI.
NUNDA TOWNSHIP.
Location-Lakes and Streams-Railroads-Name of Township - Settlement - First Events-Prairie Grove Cemetery-Butter and Cheese Factory-Barreville-Grist-Mill- Postoffice-Gary Station-Postoffice-Pickle Factory-Church-School Statistics-Nunda Village-First Called Dearborn-First Business Men-Hotels-Depot and Railroad- Postoffice-Manufactures-churches-Societies-Business Directory-Biographical

CHAPTER XXVII-
RICHMOND TOWNSHIP.
A Prosperous Community-The First Settler-The Pioneers-Early Events-Present Condition of Schools-Agricultural Statistics-The Village of Richmond-Its Origin and Growth-Religious History-Societies-Biographical

CHAPTER XXVIII.
RILEY TOWNSHIP.
Settlement-Whitman Cobb-First Settler-Other Early Settlers-First Events-School Statistics-First Physician-Cemeteries-Township House-Location of Township-Description-Coon Creek-Stock and Dairy Business-Township Officers-Biographical

CHAPTER XXIX.
SENECA TOWNSHIP.
Location-Appearance in Early Times-A Rich and Prosperous Township-Origin of Name-First Settler-Vermont Settlement-Early Events-School Statistics-Religious -Methodist Church-Franklinville-Postmasters and Merchants-Town Organization- Officers-Cemeteries-Saw and Grist Mills-Cheese Factory and Creamery-Biographical

Biographical Section




History of McHenry County, Illinois (1922)



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