Illinois Genealogy Trails
Montgomery County, Illinois

Source: "History of Bond and Montgomery Counties, Illinois". Edited by W. H. Perrin, 1882
Transcribed and Submitted by Norma Hass, except where noted.

Hillsboro City and Township

Pgs. 93-134
Lieut. Jesse K. Allen

[pg. 93-94]
Deceased, was born in Kingston, Tenn., September 5, A.D. 1828, and, at an early day, came with his parents to Hillsboro, Ill., which was about the time of the location of the county seat of Montgomery County at that point, and when there were but very few houses in the town. William Allen, the father of the subject, was born in Roane County, Tenn., January 15, 1799, and was married to Mary K. Killingsworth, the mother of Jesse K. Allen, to whom were born eleven children - first, the subject of this sketch; second, William A. Allen, for many years a prominent physician in Greenville, Ill.; third, Margaret Allen, now intermarried with Theodore Smith of Greenville, Ill.; fourth, Aaron Allen, now deceased; fifth, Rufus S. Allen, now a physician, employed the General Government in doctoring the Indians; sixth, John H. Allen, now in Kansas; seventh, Emily E., now wife of Charles L. Bartlett, a merchant of Hillsboro, Ill.; eighth, Mollie, now married to Dr. Perkins, of Fredonia, Kan.; ninth, Frank F. Allen, also a physician, Neodesha, Kan.; and tenth, Laura Allen, now deceased; and Charles F. Allen, now at Mattoon, Ill. William Allen, the ancestor, was a man in very moderate circumstances, and consequently, his son, Jesse K., was denied many of the advantages enjoyed by his youthful companions. In his youth, he attended such schools as opportunity afforded, in the town of Hillsboro, and later, when what was then known as the Hillsboro Academy was built, in 1836, Jesse attended such academy as far as means could be afforded him, and it was here he gave promise of the future man. He was here noted for his industry and untiring energy in his efforts to acquire an education. He particularly excelled in mathematics and those studies which called more particularly for the exercise of the reasoning faculties. He was held in very high esteem by the Faculty of the Hillsboro Academy, which was at the period second to none in the State. Lieut. Allen, having finished the school course at the academy, looked about him for something to do. At this time, there happened to be a vacancy in the cadetship from his Congressional District, and, through Gen. Shields and his friends in Hillsboro, and the then Representative in Congress, the appointment to West Point was secured to him, and in 1851 he entered as a cadet to West Point. He remained at the Military Academy for the usual course of four years, and in 1855 graduated with honor and distinction. In this Military School, as in the academy at home, he excelled in the study of mathematics, and he also acquired distinction in civil engineering. After he graduated, he entered the army, being at that time in the meridian of life and vigor of manhood. He was full of ambition, and entered the army with a high resolve to win for himself a name and fame as a soldier. He was appointed Lieutenant in Company B of the Ninth Infantry, and in this capacity served the Government in active service for three years. He had the entire confidence of his superior officers, and was often intrusted with services which called forth special judgment and nerve. In the winter of 1856, he was intrusted with $3,500 in specie, to be carried from Washington Territory to some point in Vancouver's Island, in command of fifteen men. They were overtaken in a very severe snow-storm, and all his men deserted him but two, and it was supposed he was lost, but in a few days, he, with his two remaining men, came riding into camp, with the funds all safe. Whether as citizen or soldier, he was always reliable, and never disappointed the expectation of his friends. It seemed at this time that a life of activity and usefulness was open before him, and he was surely prepared to enter upon it; but the end came before it could reasonably be expected. About 3 o'clock on the morning of the 15th of August, 1858, in the moment of accomplishing a successful surprise on a camp of Indians, he was shot down, and thus, in his early manhood, and while the dew of youth was on his brow, he was called upon to die the death of a soldier. He died as he had lived - in the line of duty. The following letter was written at the time by his superior officer:

Headquarters Yakima Expedition Camp on he Upper Yakima River, August 15, 1858:

Major: It has become my painful duty to communicate to you for Gen. Clarke's information, and that of the Adjutant General of the army, the said intelligence of the death of Second Lieut. Jesse K. Allen of the Ninth Infantry, who expired at this camp at half-past 2 o'clock to-day. Lieut. Allen died the death of a soldier.

He fell at 3 o'clock this morning, at the moment of accomplishing a successful surprise of a camp of hostile Indians.

There is reason to fear that he was shot accidentally by one of his own men in the darkness of the hour.

I must be permitted here to express my own sorrow for the untimely end of this young officer, and to offer this officially my tribute to his worth. He was an officer of rare energy and zeal, and an acquaintance with our army of seventeen years' duration, warrants me in uttering the conviction that his place will not again be readily filled in our service. His loss to his command can scarcely be overestimated.

His remains will be taken back to-night to Fort Simcoe by his company commander and personal friend, Capt. Frazer, Ninth Infantry, who will take the charge of his effects, required by the regulations. It is perhaps proper to report in this connection that Lieut. Allen's party [fifteen mounted men], captured in this sad affair twenty-one men, about fifty women and children, seventy head of horses, and fifteen head of cattle, besides considerable of the Indian property.

Three of the men having been recognized as participants in the attack on the miners, were shot in compliance with my general instructions on this subject.
I am sir, very respectfully your obedient servant.
Signed, R.S. Garnett, Major Ninth Infantry Commanding.
Major W.H. Mackall, Assistant Adjutant General, U.S.A. Fort Vancouver, W.T.

The remains of Lieut. Allen were brought to Hillsboro by his parents and relatives, and were interred in Oak Grove Cemetery, near his childhood home. Had his life been spared until the commencement of our late civil war, he would have been found battling for the Union, and doubtless, with his energy and courage, would have attained high rank as an officer in our army.
[Submitted by Debbie Quinn]

J.C. Barkley

Grocer, Hillsboro, was born in North Carolina, December 15, 1850; son of John C. and Elizabeth [Morrison] Barkley, natives of North Carolina. John C., who is a farmer, was born in 1815. His wife died April 14, 1854. Our subject, the second son of a family of five sons and two daughters, received a fair education in the schools at Hillsboro, and at Freehold, N.J. He came to Hillsboro when seventeen years old, without money or education, and but few clothes. He first worked on a farm, then in a brickyard. He traveled for a wholesale house in St. Louis [Udell, Schmieding & Co., dealers in wood and willow ware], and finally engaged in the grocery business on his own account in Hillsboro, where, by push and energy, he has acquired a lucrative trade. He was in the hotel business in Hillsboro for about eighteen months, and was one of the many citizens who lost heavily by the failure of the banking firm of Haskell, Harris & Co., of Hillsboro. He married in Hillsboro, November 4, 1875, Emma A. Slack, born in Ohio, October 18, 1857, daughter of Daniel Slack, a native of New Jersey, who died in Ohio in 1868. There have been born to them one son, Edward Daniel, and one daughter, Maggie Elizabeth. Mr. Barkley is a member of the Methodist Church, and was Assistant Superintendent of the Sunday school in Hillsboro for two years. In politics he supports the Republican Party.
Submitted by Debbie Quinn

Charles L. Bartlett

Grocer, Hillsboro, was born in Montgomery County, December 20, 1839; son of Samuel T. and Martha [Maxey] Bartlett. Samuel T. was born in Henry County, Ky., in 1818. He removed to Illinois about the year 1835, and is now living at Irving, where he owns and manages a large farm and a general store. He wife, who is still living, was born near Bowling Green, Ky., in 1819. Our subject is the second son of a family of seven sons and two daughters. He received his education chiefly at Irving, Ill., and began life as a farmer; but, after being three years in that occupation, he abandoned it and engaged in the mercantile business in Irving, where he remained four years. He left Irving in 1872, and came to Hillsboro, where he has since been engaged in the grocery business. He started in business with but small capital, but by his tact and enterprise, he has built up and is now enjoying a lucrative trade. In Hillsboro, in 1868, he married Emily E. Allen, born in Hillsboro in 1839, daughter of William and Mary K. [Killingsworth] Allen, the former born in Tennessee, and died in Hillsboro in 1863; the latter, still living, was also born in Tennessee in 1812. Mr. And Mrs. Bartlett are the parents of two children - Charles William and Nellie; Cary Bell, their first child, died in infancy. Mr. Bartlett has filled the offices of Deputy Sheriff and Jailer of Montgomery County for two years. In politics he is a Democrat. He is a member of the Masonic Fraternity and the I.O.O.F. They are members of the Presbyterian Church.
Submitted by Debbie Quinn

Jacob Beck

Gun-Smithing and cancer doctor, Hillsboro, was born in Franklin County, Penn., November 30, 1820. He was taken to Virginia when about nine months old by his parents, and there raised. Christian Beck, born in Lancaster County, Penn., on June 17, 1785, was a gunsmith by occupation, and died in Oregon on July 15, 1863. Mother was Lena Ahl, born February 6, 1790, in Cumberland County, Tenn., and died September 5, 1821, in Williamsport, Md., while en route to Virginian with her husband and family. Parents had seven sons, subject the youngest. Subject was educated at Martinsburg, VA. common schools. Began life as a gunsmith, an occupation he has kept up through life. In 1860, subject began the practice of cancer doctoring with a remedy he had come into possession of some two years previous, and had experimented with it sufficiently to satisfy himself and its merits. From that time to the present time he has treated large numbers of cases successfully, having never lost a single case that came to him before cancer had been out. Subject was Commander in Chief of the Anti-Mormon forces of Hancock County, IL, in 1845-46, and forced them into the city of Nauvoo from all parts of the county and surrounding counties, and there they submitted to a compromise too the effect that they [the Mormons] be allowed sufficient time to send a committee West and seek a suitable location and return and report, which they did during the summer of 1846, and left that fall for St. Joseph, Mo., where they wintered, leaving twelve men behind at Nauvoo to dispose of their property and settle up their business. Immediately after the settling of the Mormon difficulties, subject enlisted for the Mexican war, or rather bought the place of another young man in a company that was already organized, paying the young man $27 for his position. It was Company A, First Illinois Volunteers, called the Quincy Riflemen, commanded by Col. John J. Hardin, James D. Morgan, Captain. He participated in the battle of Buena Vista. In politics he is a Democrat. Self and family are all members of the Lutheran Church. He was married at Indianapolis, IN., February 10, 1848, to Phebe Ringer, who was born in Frederick County, MD., March 5, 1821, and was the daughter of Jacob and Maria Magadalena [Darr] Ringer, he a native of Washington County, MD., and was born March 15, 1791 and died April 22, 1859; she also a native of Washington County, MD., was born February 22, 1790, and died in the year 1824. They have had four children born to them - Julia Agnes, born November 2, 1848, and died in 1856; Virginia Magadalena, born November 9, 1853; Luther Melanchthon, born September 4, 1856, and Clara Belle, born June 1, 1859. Subject belongs to the Masonic order, and also to the Good Templars.
Submitted by Debbie Quinn

Adam H. Bell

[pg. 96]
Farmer, P.O. Hillsboro, was born in New York, September 26, 1831. Frederick Bell, his father, was born in New York, in the town of Warren, Herkimer County, October 10, 1800; was a tanner and currier by occupation, and emigrated to this State in 1856, and went to farming in this township. He died February 15, 1880. Elizabeth Voorhies, his mother, was born in German Flat, Herkimer Co., N.Y., March 31, 1802. She died in this State in 1878, and was the mother of three children, the subject being the youngest of the family. He was raised in the town of Chaumont, Jefferson County; was educated in an academy of his native state, and at the age of twenty years, he commenced civil engineering, which he followed successfully in different parts of the United States until 1856. He came to Montgomery County, IL., and commenced farming, his first purchase of land being eighty acres, and has added to that until he has accumulated 300 acres of good, tillable land. He has quite a neat cottage, and good barn with all necessary outbuildings, and was married in New York, March 12, 1857, to Miss Lana Fox. Levi M. Fox, her father, was born in Chester, Washington Co., N.Y., May 7, 1809. Her mother, Cynthia M. [Jerome] Fox, was born in Paris, Oneida Co., N.Y., February 6, 1804. The wife of subject was born January 22, 1832, and she has a family of four children. The names are as follows: Franklin J., born July 9, 1859, Frederick Meade, born August 12, 1860, Harry, born March 17, 1870; Cora Grace, born November 5, 1871. He is a member of the Masonic order, and is quite a public spirited man, encouraging all public improvements that he thinks best for the county at large. He has held the office of County Surveyor one term, 1860-61. He gave general satisfaction, but found it did not pay to neglect his farm for the benefit he received from the office.
Submitted by Debbie Quinn

W.L. Blackburn

[pg. 97]
Dry goods, groceries, boots and shoes, etc., Hillsboro, was born in Clark County, Ohio, January 16, 1847; son of Robert B. and Sarah Ann [Fuller] Blackburn. Robert B., a farmer by occupation, was born near Harper's Ferry, VA., March 3, 1818. About the year 1836, he moved to Ohio, thence to Illinois in 1850. He wife was born in Ohio; our subject was their only child. He received a liberal education at Hillsboro, and began life on the farm. In 1872, he left the farm, and came to Hillsboro, where he worked at the carpenter's trade for about two years. He then engaged in the mercantile business in partnership with C.L. Bartlett. In 1877, this partnership was dissolved, and he has since carried on the whole business himself. He does a brisk business, and employs seven or eight clerks. He owns a neat, commodious frame house in Hillsboro, where he resides. He married in Hillsboro, November 11, 1875, Mattie J. Stewart, born in Hillsboro, November 12, 1857, daughter of John R. Stewart. From this union two children have been born to them - Wallace Stewart and Blanche Ittel. Mr. Blackburn is a supporter of the Republican party, and a member of the Masonic fraternity. He wife is a member of the Methodist Church.
Submitted by Debbie Quinn

Charles W. BLISS, attorney, Hillsboro, was born in Montgomery County, January 8, 1846, to Rev. Alfred BLISS of the Methodist Episcopal Church, a native of Bradford, Vt., where he was born in 1811, to Seth BLISS, a farmer, who died in Vermont. The son came early to this county, and engaged in farming, but subsequently entered the ministry. The maiden name of the mother of our subject was Jerusha STRONG. She is the mother of eight children, five of whom are now living - Eliza A., wife of James I. MOODY, a farmer of Fillmore Township; Celesta J., wife of E. C. DEVORE, a lawyer of Seymour, Ind.; George A., a hardware merchant at Nokomis; Alice, deceased wife of Lyman C. ALLEN, a farmer of Fillmore Township. She left three children - Charles W., Nellie J., wife of John C. WHITE, a lawyer at Effingham, Ill. Our subject worked on the farm and attended the common schools, and graduated from McKendree College, at Lebanon, in June, 1869. He then taught school and read law with Irwin & Krone, of Edwardsville, Ill. He was admitted in the fall of 1871, and located in Hillsboro, where he has become one of the leading young attorneys at the Montgomery County bar. He was married, October 15, 1872, to Elizabeth W. PHILLIPS, a niece of Judge J. J. PHILLPS, and daughter of Burrel PHILLIPS, a stock dealer of Montgomery County. By her he has two children - Noi Celecta and Clinton. He has been City Attorney several terms, and his political tenets Republican. He is a Royal Arch Mason, in which fraternity he has held numerous offices, and with his family belongs to the Methodist Episcopal Church.

William BREWER, retired, Hillsboro, is the third son of William BREWER, a Carolinian of Welsh extraction, and the youngest of three brothers. Daniel and George, eldest of that number, left Carolina at an early date, and settled in Tennessee. The family of William, Sr., was John J. and Jesse, who died in Carolina; our subject, and Thomas,who died near Evansville, Ind. The daughters were Candis, who married a Mr. WILLIAMS,settled and died in Iowa; Keziah, wife of a Mr. ALDER, near Hopkinsville, Ky., and Annie died young. The mother of these was Millie WEST, a Carolinian. The subject of this sketch was born in Chatham County, N. C., June 18, 1803; removed to ChristianCounty, Ky., and settled near Hopkinsville, with his parents, in 1807, and where they died, and where he was raised and married[Page 098] to Miss Delilah HOUGH, a native of Loudoun County, Va., where she was born October 1,1807, to Samuel and Azuba (SKINNER) HOUGH, natives of Virginia. Her grandfather HOUGH was an Englishman by birth, and came early to this country with two brothers, who settled in Vermont; he in Virginia. With this lady he lived happily for forty-four years, and until her death, August 26, 1869, when she left him with three surviving children of nine born to them - William H., now of Hillsboro; Mary, wife of S. M. GRUBBS, of Litchfield; and Ellen, wife of Alfred A. SAWYER, of Hillsboro. Mr. BREWER removed with his family to Illinois in November, 1834, and settled at Palestine, Crawford County, where he remained until the spring of 1839, when he removed to Hillsboro, his present place, of residence. In 1843, he was elected County Judge, the first Whig ever elected in Montgomery County. He was re-elected in 1845, and again in 1847, thus serving three consecutive terms. In 1850, he was elected to represent the counties of Montgomery, Bond and Clinton in the State Legislature, and served two sessions, but positively refused to suffer his name to be used for that honor longer, although often and strongly solicited. In 1853, he was elected Justice of the Peace, in which capacity he acted until 1869, when he refused to act longer. While in this office he did a very large business, and decided more cases than any other officer in the county, and what is still more remarkable, never had any of his decisions reversed. He has been an eminent example of a self-made man, who, unaided, has arisen from a humble station in life to wealth, honor and influence. From boyhood he took the side of morality and piety, and thus gained the public confidence. As a member of the Methodist Church of sixty-three years' standing, he has had a large share in building up the morals and character of the people of his community. He still, although in the late autumn of life, stands a monument of past energies rightly directed, with a large influence, large acquaintance, large experience and large means and usefulness. Mr. BREWER was married the second time, to Mrs. ROBERTS, of Elkton, Ky., and is quietly enjoying his well-earned honor and reputation in the midst of a people whose growth has been beneath his own eye. His only living son, William H. BREWER, was born January 4, 1826, in Trigg County, Ky., and in 1827 removed wit his parents to Todd County, Ky. He remained with his father during his boyhood, receiving limited advantages for education, and in manhood has been connected with his father in his business interests. He also has been twice married. First, on the 17th of November, 1857, to Miss Pernesia PHILLIPS, daughter of Capt. Thomas PHILLIPS. By her he had four children, all of whom died young, the mother following them to the grave July 27, 1867, in her thirty-fourth year. His second marriage occurred July 14, 1875, to Mrs. Mary J. BROWN, widow of William W. BROWN. By her he has three children - Mary, Dwight and Raymond. By her first husband she has two children - Ella and John T. Mr. BREWER is a stanch Republican, and with his family belongs to the Methodist Episcopal Church.

James A. BROWN, station agent of the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad, Hillsboro, was born in Montgomery County, Ill., March 23, 1848; son of George W. and Sarah A. (JENKINS) BROWN, he a farmer, born in Guernsey County, Ohio, July 9, 1819, moved to Illinois in 1837, and settled in this county, where he still lives; she born in Darlington Village, S. C., June 30, 1819, and is still living. Subject is the third son of a family of five sons and one daughter; educated in Hills-[Page 099] boro Academy, where he received a good, thorough course, such as was taught in that school, and began life here in town as a newsboy, then telegraph operator, taking charge of an office at Pana, afterward at Paris, Kan., Litchfield, Mattoon, in the General Superintendent's office, St. Louis, and was then appointed to this place, at the age of eighteen years, December 4, 1866. He has also been a coal dealer in this town for about ten years; been in the grain business for a short time. He has been Alderman for two terms, and was defeated in 1876 by a small majority for Circuit Clerk, owing to being a Republican, and the county being Democratic by about eight hundred majority at the time. A change of sixty votes would have elected him. At Litchfield, Montgomery County, September 20, 1871, he married Margaret S. EVANS, born in Montgomery County July 1, 2853, daughter of James D. and Elzira (EAMES) EVANS, he born in Virginia in November, 1823, and died July 23, 1855; she born in Kentucky January 4, 1832, and died at Litchfield October 21, 1873. From this union five children have been born to them - Frederic G., Herbert (deceased), Ethel M., Sarah Eleanor (deceased), and Horace E. Mr. BROWN is a Methodist, and has been connected with the official board of that church at Trustee and Steward for ten or twelve years; is a member of the Chapter of the Masonic fraternity, and has been Master of his lodge in Hillsboro for a year, besides filling other subordinate offices therein. He owns a two-story fram residence in Hillsboro.

Thomas B. BROWN, Postmaster, Hillsboro, was born in this county July 10 1857. His father was Newton G. BROWN, born in Hillsboro, N. C., April 26, 1822, and died September 4, 1879. He was a hotel proprietor by occupation, and when about thirteen years of age emigrated to Illinois with his parents, and settled in Montgomery County, and on August 16, 1849, was married to Euphemia J. GRANTHAM, daughter of William and Susannah (MANN) GRANTHAM. She was born in this county July 11, 1832. Parents had six children born to them, two sons dying in infancy. There are living one son (subject) and three daughters, viz.: Medora F., now the wife of C. A. FREELAND; Lucy and Ollie G. Subject was educated at the Hillsboro High School and Academy. He began business as a dry goods clerk, in 1871, in this town, where he continued until February 7, 1881, at which date subject was commissioned Postmaster at this place, a position he still holds. In politics, he is a Republican. Subject belongs to the Methodist Church at Hillsboro; his mother and sister Lucy are members of the congregational Church. The father, Newton G. BROWN, when he first came to this State, settled in this county on a farm, and pursued that avocation for a few years, and then moved to Missouri; remained there about one year, and then returned to this county and settled in Hillsboro about 1856, and engaged in teaming, and also run a meat market, the only one then in town, for quite a number of years, perhaps until about 1863. He then purchased the American House. In the fall (October) of 1869, Mr. B. sold out, having run the hotel from the time he purchased it in 1863 until the above date, and moved to St. Louis, where he soon was taken sick, and remained until the following spring, engaged in keeping boarding house, and then returned again to Hillsboro and resumed the hotel business, this time at the City Hotel, where he continued until the time of his death. Since that time, our subject being the only son, assumed the principal responsibility of the family.

Edward S. BURNS, Deputy Circuit [Page 100] Clerk, Hillsboro, was born at Harper‘s Ferry, Va., January 1, 1832, and moved to Ohio with his parents in 1836, and came to Illinois in 1852; the son of Philip and Catharine B. (BLACKBURN) BURNS, be born in 1774, was a teacher, and died in Ohio in 1846; she born in Loudoun County, Val, in 1808, and died at Hillsboro, Ill., in 1856. Subject is the oldest of a family of six. He received an education in the subscription schools of Ohio. In this county, September 27, 1855, he married Rachel C. MANN, who was born here September 14, 1834, the daughter of John and Euphemia (HANCOCK) MANN, he born in North Carolina July 24, 1800, and died in this county January 24, 1838; she born in Kentucky in 1805, and died in 1867. Of the MANN family there were four sons - Samuel, Henry, Robert and William, and three daughters - Margaret, Mary and Rachel, the latter being the wife of our subject. Mr. BURNS has seven children - William T., Charles H., John T., Eddie, Mary E., Emma C. and Minnie B. He taught school about four years in Illinois, thenmanufactured brick for two or three years, and from 1866 to 1875 was engaged in the mercantile business in Hillsboro, at which time he was appointed Deputy Sheriff of Montgomery County, served two years and was then appointed Deputy Circuit Clerk, which position he still holds. During the war, he was drafted, but furnished a substitute and remained at home to care for a wife and two or three little children. Mr. and Mrs. BURNS are Methodists, and he is a member of the Masonic and the I. O. O. F. orders, a Democrat, and owns a very comfortable frame residence, with Lots Nos. 12, 13, 21, and 40. Subject's father was married in Virginia and moved to Ohio when he (subject) was about three years old, and he was only fourteen years old when his father died. At the age of twenty-one, he, with his mother, two brothers and three sisters moved to Illinois, all of whom married, and whose families now live in this county, with the exception of the oldest sister, who lives in Neosho County, Kan. Subject's wife's parents were married in Kentucky, and emigrated to Montgomery County, Ill., in October, 1827.

William O. BONE, Deputy Sheriff, Hillsboro, was born in Ohio September 18, 1852, and came to Nokomis, this county, with his parents in 1862; son of James S. and Mary (MILLER) BONE, he a farmer and hotel proprietor, born in Ohio in 1815, and is now living at Nokomis, where he owns 320 acres of land; she born in Ohio, and died there in 1854. Subject is the youngest son of the family of two sons and twodaughters. He received his education principally in Illinois, and commenced life as a farmer. He clerked in a mercantile house for some time, railroading several years, and was Constable of Nokomis for four years; from that he was appointed Deputy Sheriff, an office he has filled two years, and is now a candidate for Sheriff. Mr. BONE is a Democrat.

Rev. Thomas I. COULTAS, pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Hillsboro, is a son of George and Eliza (WILSON) COULTAS, natives of Yorkshire, England. George, with three of his brothers, sailed for America and landed at New York April 14, 1830. They went from there to Rochester, N. Y. where they remained for a few months. From there they went by boat to Cleveland, Ohio, and from there to Jacksonville, Ill., by the way of Cincinnati, Ohio, Louisville, Ky., and St. Louis, Mo., living for a brief time in each of these places. Near Jacksonville, Ill., he formed the acquaintance of Eliza WILSON, also a native of Yorkshire, England, and who preceded him a few years to his country. Theiracquaintance ripened into a greater intimacy, and on July 8, 1835, they were mar-[Page 101] ried. Shortly after this, Mr. COULTAS purchased from the Government a tract of land near Winchester, then in Morgan, now the county seat of Scott County, Ill. Here he lived, following agricultural pursuits to the time of his death, June 10, 1859. Mrs. COULTAS, Sr., died October 26, 1875. Thomas I. is the youngest of a family of five sons and two daughters, and was born May 5, 1853. He lived on the farm until he was sixteen years of age, spending most of the time in school, first in the country schoolhouse, afterward in the high school in Winchester. In September, 1869, when he was but a few months past sixteen years of age, he was regularly licensed as a minister, and received into the travelingconnection in the Illinois Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, perhaps the youngest man ever this received and put into the regular work. After serving churches in Sangamon and Champaign Counties respectively for two years, he left the regular pastorate to further prosecute his studies. In September, 1871, he entered the Illinois Wesleyan University, of Bloomington., Ill., and was graduated from that institution in June, 1875. While a student, Mr. COULTAS distinguished himself and brought honor to his alma mater by representing this institution in an inter-college contest in oratory, where eight of the leading colleges of the State contested in original oration, the judges declaring him to be the champion. By virtue of his success, he represented the State of Illinois in an inter-State contest in oratory, held at Indianapolis, In., in May 1875, where the champions of six States, which had held similar contests, met, and here also Mr. COULTAS won the gold medal over all his competitors.After his graduation, he entered immediately upon the work of the ministry. After serving the church at Barry, Pike County, for four months as a supply, he was re-admitted into the Conference, and returned to his church for two years in succession. After this pastorate, he very acceptably served the church in Pittsfield, the county seat of Pike County. From this church he was sent by his Conference to the Trinity Church, Quincy, Ill. Here he was largelyinstrumental in removing from this church a heavy debt, which for years hung as a shadow over it. The church in other respects greatly prospered under his pastorate. In September, 1881, he was made pastor of the church in Hillsboro, and, although he has been here but a short time, he is held in high esteem by his congregation and the community. Mr. COULTAS was married, November 23, 1875, to Miss Angie MORRISON, the daughter of Henry B. and Caroline (SEARS) MORRISON, then of Bloomington, now of Monticello, Ill., and the niece of Washington SEARS, of Scott County, and Rev. Hiram SEARS, of East St. Louis, one prominent as a legislator, and the other as a minister and educator. Mrs. COULTAS was also educated at the Illinois Wesleyan University. There have been born unto them Aldo Bliss COULTAS, March 10, 1877, and Eda Bernice COULTAS, March 16, 1879. Mr. COULTAS is a Republican in politics. He belongs to the I. O. O. F., and is also a member of Union Chapter, No. 10, A., F. & A. M.

Clarence E. COLE, insurance agent, Hillsboro, was born in Sussex County, N. J., April 30, 1848; son of John S. and Elizabeth (PADDOCK) COLE, he a farmer, born in Sussex County, N. J., October 6, 1806, and came to this State with his family in 1849, and died August 30, 1880; she born in Sussex County, N. J., about 1813, and died in this county November 13, 1877. They had one son and three daughters. Subject was educated at Hillsboro Academy, began life as a farmer, continued assuch for fifteen years,[Page 102] commenced the insurance business in 1875, and how enjoys a very fair business. He married at Nokomis, October 10, 1871, Fannie E. ELLIS, daughter of D. B. ELLIS, a Virginian, born at Princeton, Ill., February 24, 1850, and died August 13, 1878. The result of this union was Gracie E., born August 25, 1872; John E., born January 16, 1874, and Floy A., born September 15, 1876. Mr. COLE's second marriage took place at St. Louis April 21, 1880, when he married Miss Eunice E.GARRETTSON, born at Marion, Linn Co., Iowa, February 24, 1860, and daughter of G. W. GARRETTSON, of Marion, Iowa. Mr. COLE is a Republican, and enlisted in the Federal army in April, 1864, as drummer of Company H, One Hundred and Forty-third Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and served six months under Col. Dudley C. SMITH, of Shelbyville, Ill.

George R. COOPER, attorney and teacher, Hillsboro, was born July 25, 1855, atGreencastle, Ind.; came to this county with his parents in 1858; son of Jacob R. and Eliza (ROBINSON) COOPER, he a carpenter, born in Fleming County, Ky., on November 16, 1816, and went to Indiana in 1841, where he remained until 1858, and died in November, 1877; she born in Kentucky in 1820, and is now living in East Fork Township, Montgomery County. Subject is the second son of a family of three sons and three daughters; received his education at Hillsboro Academy; worked on the farm until he was seventeen years of age, and at the age of eighteen began teaching school, which he has followed for seven years, and on April 1, 1880, he began reading law with RICE & MILLER; then went to the office of Judge E. LANE, with whom he still reads, and will make application for admission to the bar this fall. This young man deserves great credit, as he has by his own efforts educated himself; his parents being of limited circumstances, could not give him such an education as he desired. He taught school for six years in Fillmore, Fillmore Township; is a Republican, and a member of the Masonic fraternity.

Edmund DOUGLAS, physician and druggist, Hillsboro, was born near Chillicothe, Livingston Co., Mo., February 14, 1846, to William and Parmelia (STRAWN) DOUGLAS, he born in New Gallaway, Scotland, March 9, 1817, and still living in Pike County, Ill. He was a son of John and Jannette (MURRY) DOUGLAS, natives of Scotland. He came to America in 1836, was a carpenter and one of the contractors on the State University at Columbia, Mo., where he was married, and in after life engaged in farming. His wife is a native of Guilford County, N. C., where she was born August 25, 1823, and came to the West in 1830 with her parents, Edmund and Dorcas (MORTON) STRAWN, natives of North Carolina. Our subject is the third of twelve children, seven of whom are living - Andrew, a farmer; Mary, Edmund, John, a farmer; Churchwell, a farmer; William W., a physician, and James, a farmer. All are in Pike County but our subject, who received a district and high school education, and graduated at Bryant & Stratton's Commercial College, at St. Louis. In 1867, he engaged in a general business at Milton, Ill., and in 1872, at the same place, entered into the drug business, where he continued until in 1873, when he came to Hillsboro, where he has since continued. He studied medicine in connection with his business pursuits, and attended lectures at the St. Louis College of Physicians and Surgeons, from whence he graduated February 28, 1881, and practices in connection with his business. He was married October 15, 1875, to Illinois PHILLIPS, daughter of Burrill PHILLIPS, and niece of Gen. J. J. PHILLIPS. By her he has two living children [Page 103] - Noi Elizabeth and Mary Jannette. He is a member of the Masonic Lodge and Chapter, and in his political belief, Democratic.

Joseph T. ECCLES, retired merchant, Hillsboro, was born in Mercer County, Ky., January 7, 1807; son of Henry and Polly (GAUNT) ECCLES. Henry, a native of Berkeley County, Va., was born May 4, 1781, and when about eighteen years old he moved to Kentucky and settled in Mercer County, where he married August 15, 1805. In the autumn of 1830, he removed to Vandalia, Ill., and shortly afterward located on a farm about four miles from that town, where he remained until 1837, when he removed to Coles County, Ill., where he died September 21, 1851, aged seventy years four months and seventeen days. His wife, Polly Gaunt, was born at Wilson's Station, Mercer Co., Ky., March 15, 1783, and died at Vandalia, Ill., September 21, 1835. Our subject, who began the business of life as a teacher, received his education chiefly in Harrodsburg, Ky. He taught school at Vandalia, Ill., for about two seasons, after which he clerked in a store about a year, and then engaged in the mercantile business in Vandalia on his own account for five or six years; then, abandoning the business of a merchant, he located on a farm about five miles from Vandalia. He followed farming about nine years, but gave it up and removed to Hillsboro, Montgomery County, where he again engaged in mercantile business, and, being successful, retired a short time ago. He owns some fine property in Hillsboro, consisting of his residence, a brick store, town lots, etc. In Todd County, Ky., August 12, 1829, he married Jane L. ANDERSON, born in Green County Ky., May 23, 1809, daughter of Pouncy and Nancy (LYNCH) ANDERSON. Pouncy ANDERSON, a native of Virginia, died in Todd County, Ky., June 6, 1837; his wife was also a native of Virginia. Mr. ECCLES has filled the office of Justice of the Peace at Vandalia, Ill., and also in Hillsboro for several years. He was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, held at Springfield, Ill., in 1847. He has also been Assistant Assessor and Deputy United States Revenue Collector. During the war, he was a recruiting officer at Hillsboro, and while acting in that capacity, sent in thirty new recruits. He also captured and returned to the army twenty-seven deserters. He served in the Black Hawk war in 1832. He nominated Richard YATES for Governor at Decatur, Ill., in 1869. He and his wife are Old-School Presbyterians. He is a member of the Sons of Temperance. In politics, he was originally as old Clay Whig, but now supports the Republican party.

John W. EDWARDS, lumber merchant, Hillsboro, was born in Tennessee in 1821; son of John and Elizabeth (JUSTICE) EDWARDS. John, who was a farmer, was born in North Carolina in 1777; removed to Tennessee about the year 1800, and left there in 1838, afterward residing in Pike County, Jefferson County and Upper Alton. He died in the latter place about the year 1852; his wife was born in North Carolinain 1782, and died in Hillsboro about the year 1868. Our subject, the fifth son of a family of eight sons and three daughters, received a limited education in Tennessee. He removed from that State with his parents in 1838, and settled in Pike County, where he remained two years; then removed to Jefferson County. Up to this time he had worked on his father's farm. After remaining in Jefferson County two years, he moved to Upper Alton, where he stayed until 1855, engaged in mercantile business. From Upper Alton he removed to Hillsboro, where he engaged in the mercantile and grain business five years, then dealt in lumber nine years, then in the drug business nine years. In 1878, he gave up the [Page 104] Drug business, and returned to his old occupation of dealing in lumber, which business he is now engaged in. He is the owner of a comfortable frame residence in Hillsboro, with about three acres attached. In Hillsboro, in 1848, he married Joanna MEADE, born in Ohio in 1825. From this union there have been born to them eight children, six of whom are living - David A.; William A., physician at Winchester, Ill.; John M., now residing in Kansas; Albert N., a harness maker in Hillsboro; Frederick W. and Sarah Isabel KING. Mr. EDWARDS and his wife are members of the Methodist Church, of which he has been Steward, and is now Trustee. He is a member of the A., F. & A. M. and I. O. O. F., in which orders he has held all the offices from the lowest to the highest. In politics, he supports the Republican party.

Leonard G. FATH, Sheriff, Hillsboro, born in Perryville, Mo., November 20, 1847; son of Leonard and Miss (BARKMAN) FATH, both natives of Germany; he, a farmer by occupation, came to the United States about the year 1840, and now resides in Montgomery County; she came to America with her parents, married in Perryville, Mo., where she died in 1848. Subject, the second son of a family of two sons and one daughter, received his education in the common schools in Missouri, and at the age of fourteen years was taken from school and placed in a blacksmith shop to learn the trade. In 1864, he came to Montgomery County with his parents, and engaged in the agricultural implement and grocery business in Hillsboro, for two years; then giving up mercantile business, he worked at his trade for two year; then removed to Nokomis in 1873, and followed his trade there till the fall of 1876, when he was elected Sheriff, an office which he held for two years, but was, at the end of that time, defeated by a small majority in the convention. He then traveled through the country for nearly a year, selling agricultural implements. At the convention held May 24, 1879, he was again elected Sheriff, an office which he now holds. During the summer of 1879, he spent much of his time in devising a patent plow sulky attachment, which he patented November 30, 1880. His invention is meeting with success among the farmers, and promises to prove remunerative to the inventor. In Montgomery County, February 23, 1871, he married Laura A. MARSHALL, born in Ohio in 1853, daughter of John L. and Harriet (LATTIMORE) MARSHALL; from this union two children have been born - one son, Leo G., living, and one daughter deceased. Mr. FATH owns a house and lot in Hillsboro; he is a Democrat.

I. W. FINK, physician, Hillsboro, was born at Jonesboro, Ill., August 24, 1824, to John and Sophia (LINGLE) FINK, both of whom were natives of North Carolina, he born November 12, 1797, and came to Illinois in 1817, his parents dying in his childhood; he settled in Union County, where he carried on tanning and farming until his death, which occurred November 6, 1858; his wife was born August 1, 1800, and died January 11, 1866; she came to the State early in life from Hamilton County, Ohio, whither she had gone, with her parents, from her native State. Their children were I. W., Henry J., born March 2, 1828, Mary A., March 21, 1832, wife of John MILLER; John M., deceased, without issue; George W., born October 19, 1838; Levi A., Jan. 30, 1845. All are farming in Union County, Ill., except the subject of this sketch, who received a common school education, with the addition of two years at the Hillsboro Academy. In 1850, he began the study of medicine with Dr. A. S. HASKILL, of Hillsboro, where he remained, including his attendance [Page 105] upon lectures, three years, and graduated from the St. Louis Medical College in 1854, when he began the practice at Hillsboro, where he has since been located (except one year at Shelbyville), and has built up a large and remunerative practice. He is a member of the National, State, District and County Medical Societies, the latter of which he organized and held the office of President. He was married, April 24, 1855, to Miss Emeline M. BURNAP, born in Montgomery County May 26, 1835, and died January 8, 1857; she was a daughter of George and Maria (SEWARD) BURNAP, the latter related to the noted Secretary SEWARD; by her he has three children - Juliet K., John W. and Hugh K. He is a member of the Masonic order and of the Democratic party, and with his family belongs to the Congregational Church.

Enoch James FILE, Hillsboro, born in Bond County, Ill., October 19, 1832; son of Daniel and Elizabeth (JAMES) FILE. Daniel, who was a farmer, was born in North Carolina in 1801, and in company with his father, Jacob FILE, who died in 1842, came to Illinois in 1816, when it was a Territory; died in 1851; his wife, born in Middle Tennessee, in 1811, died in 1845. Our subject, the second son of a family of six sons and six daughters, received very little education, his school life being limited to four months that he attended in Bond County. He began life on the farm, then learned the carpenter's trade, which he followed eight years, then served as clerk, then in the hardware business on his own account for seven years. AT the end of that time, he sold out his business to thefirm of Challacombe & Ramsey, for whom he now clerks. In 1861, he enlisted as private in the Federal army, Company D, Twenty-Second Illinois Infantry, and during his time of service was promoted from time to time, until he received command of a company. He participated in the engagements at Belmont, Mo., Stone River and Chickamauga, Tenn., Atlanta, etc.; was wounded three times - in skull, side and hand. In 1853, in Hillsboro Township, he married Mary Ann BROWN, born in North Carolina in 1829, died in 1856. Her parents were William and Elizabeth (CRAIG) BROWN; the former born in North Carolina September 5, 1794, came to Illinois in 1835, where he died in 1867; the latter, born February 12, 1807, died August 4, 1843. Mr. FILE was again married November 25, 1870, to Virginia C. BROWN, sister of his first wife, born September 26, 1842, and from this union there has been born to him two daughters - Leva and Anna; his first wife bore him one daughter - May. He is a supporter of the Republican party, and a member of the Masonic fraternity.

James Robinson GLENN, miller, farmer and stock-raiser, P. O. Hillsboro, born in Ireland, August 16, 1834; came with his parents, one brother, John F., and one sister, Catharine J., to the United States in 1837, and lived in Louisville, Ky., about five years. His mother's name was Catharine Jane ROBINSON. Her father was born in Fintona, Ireland; built a Methodist Church in that town with his own money. In 1839, he chartered a ship, and with his second wife and one son and seven daughters, went to Australia, settled in Melbourne, where he purchased property, and lived there the balance of his life. He purchased a cattle ranch in Australia, 6 x 15 miles, and died there at the age of ninety years. Grandfather ROBINSON's grandfather went from England with William, Prince of Orange, [Page 106] was in the battle of the Boyne and the siege of Londonderry. Subject's father, Thomas S. GLENN, born in Ireland about 1807, is still living in this county; his grandparents were born in Ireland; his great-grandfather was born in Scotland and was a mechanic. Mr. GLENN began life by buying grain in Litchfield; came to Hillsboro in 1858, and started the first grocery; was married in Macoupin County in 1860 to Miss Sarah V. LOVE, born in Cabell County, W. Va., in 1840, daughter of Louis L. and Emily (EASTHAM) LOVE. The result of this union is threedaughters - Nora, Laura and Wilmina. Mr. GLENN is a member of the Lutheran Church, a Republican, a Freemason and a member of the Council. After going out of the grocery business in Hillsboro, he built a mill, in 1866, which he has operatedcontinually since its erection. Himself and brothers were the prime movers in starting the bank at Hillsboro in 1870, known as the Montgomery county Loan and Trust Company, subject having been elected President on its organization, and holds the office at the present time. The GLENN Bros. also own a farm near Hillsboro, containing 1,020 acres, and about 15,000 acres in Texas.

Rev. C. A. GELWICKS, Lutheran minister, Hillsboro, a native of Pennsylvania, and was born January 7, 1835, and son of John GELWICKS, a farmer, and also a native of Pennsylvania, was born March 16, 1811, and is still living. His wife, Magdalena WOLF, was also a native of the same State, and was born in December, 1812. She is also living in her native State. The parents had six children born to them, but only three raised to maturity, two sons (C.A. being the eldest) and one daughter. Our subject was educated at Gettysburg, Penn., at the Pennsylvania College, where he took a classical course, but was called away just three months before he would have graduated, and then went to the Theological Seminary at Springfield, Ohio, where he graduated in 1858, and took charge of a church at Stratsburg, Penn., immediately after leaving the Seminary. He has devoted his entire life, up to the present, in the profession of his choice. Our subject was a volunteer in the sanitary department of the federal army during the war, and was at Mechanicsburg at the time that town was surrendered to the Rebel forces in 1864, which occurred a few days prior to the battle of Gettysburg. Subject is now and has always been a Republican in politics, and has been a member of the Good Templars for a number of years. He was married at Springfield, Ohio, on the 24th of June, 1858, the same day that he graduated and took charge of his first church. His wife was Mary Isabell WILSON, a daughter of Elon WILSON, of Springfield, and she was born December 26, 1836. Her father was born March 31, 1801, and died in October 1864. Her mother, Mary WILSON, was born in March, 1810, and is now living at Ida Grove, Iowa. Subject has had six children born to him, but four living, one son, Wilson Gelwicks, and three daughters, viz.: Jennie, Belle and Lena. Himself, wife and eldest daughter are members of the Lutheran Church. Our subject has been a successful minister, as is proven by the few moves he has made. In twenty-four years' service he now has his fifth charge. He certainly has reason to feel proud of his ministerial career.

David S. GILMORE, millwright, Hillsboro, was born in Hardin County, Ky., April 13, 1832; son of Alexander GILMORE, born in Virginia about 1805. When quite young he came to Kentucky with his parents and settled in Hardin County, where he died about 1850. He was also a millwright by trade. His wife was Millie MUDD, who was also a native of Virginia. They raised three chil-[Page 107] dren, two sons (David S. being the eldest), and one daughter. Our subject came to this State in 1859, and first located in Macoupin County, where he remained probably some three years, thence to this county, where he has since lived, in different parts of the county, but for the past sixteen years has resided in Hillsboro. He received a common school education in Kentucky. He began business for himself when only eighteen years of age, as millwright, which he has followed through life, in connection with his other business, such as wagon-making, stocking plows, and other such work as is done by any first-class mechanic, such as our subject is justly entitled to be called. He is Democratic in politics; also a member of the Masonic order. He was married in Grayson County, Ky., on August 12, 1847, to Rachael WATKINS, daughter of Isaiah WATKINS and Catharine (THOMAS) WATKINS. Subject has three sons, viz.: James D., Robert Lee, Jesse, and four daughters, Nancy A., wife of Duncan GODE; Lurena, Libbie May, Sarah E. Our subject owns a comfortable littleresidence in East Hillsboro. He has worked at his trade through different parts of his State, Missouri and Kentucky.

Solomon HARKEY, Hillsboro, was born in Iredell County, N. C., December 26, 1806; son of Martin and Christina (MENSINGER) HARKEY. Martin, who was a farmer by occupation, was born in North Carolina February 24, 1771, where he married October 9, 1794. In 1830, he left North Carolina and came to Hillsboro, where he died February 16, 1846. His wife, a native of North Carolina, was born February 12,1775, and died at her son's (subject's) house in Hillsboro, September 17, 1850. Solomon, the fourth of a family of eleven, received but very little education, the schools of that day being very inferior to those of to-day. The school which he attended was a log cabin with an earthen floor, and the books studied were Dilworth's Spelling Book and Pike's Arithmetic, the Bible being the only reader. He began life as a tanner, and followed that business from April, 1829, to March 1833, in Edwardsville, Ill.; thence he removed to Hillsboro, where he followed the tanning business for ten years, when he abandoned it and became a farmer. He owns a fine farm of 653 acres in Hillsboro Township, a fine two-story frame residence, and five lots and five acres of land in the town of Hillsboro, besides about 200 acres in Wisconsin. He has been a noted horseman in his day, and has handled many fine ones. He made a specialty of draught horses. In Hillsboro Township, March 31, 1831, he married Sophia CRESS, born in North Carolina March 26, 1809, daughter of Jacob and Catharine (BOST) CRESS, both natives of North Carolina. She (Sophia) came to Illinois with her parents about the year 1817, and died December 21, 1878. Mr. HARKEY was again married October 30, 1879, to Mrs. Eleanor T. (McHENRY) EVANS, born July 11, 1826, daughter of George McHENRY. He has had nine children, four of whom are dead - William P., now in Yuba City, Cal.; Jacob M., Solomon S., Sarah C., wife of Benjamin WILTON; Virginia T., Laura L. (deceased), Martha J. (deceased), Mary S. (deceased), and Daniel L. (deceased). During his business career he met with many reverses; in 1861, he lost $2,060 by the failure of a New York bank; in 1878, he lost $2,700 by the Farmers Mechanics' Bank, of Hillsboro; and in December, 1881, he lost about $2,700 by the failure of Haskell Bros. & Co., of Hillsboro. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Church; he is a member of the I. O. O. F.; in politics he supports the Republican party.

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Thomas E. HARRIS, County Superintendent, Hillsboro, was born in Massachusetts in 1815; son of Thomas and Abigail (CHAPIN) HARRIS, he born in Massachusetts, died in Vermont, and she, the mother of five sons and three daughters, was born in Vermont. Our subject is the second son; received a good education at the Public Schools; commenced life as a clerk in the wholesale dry goods establishment in New York; went to England, lived in Manchester for three years, came from there to this State and commenced farming, which business he still follows. He has been Township Trustee for about twenty years; Supervisor of Butler Township three years, and was elected County Superintendent of Public Schools in December, 1877, an office he has filled acceptably to the present time. Mr. HARRIS was married tin this county about 1842, to Hulda WARE, a native of this county, and a daughter of Obediah and Electa (POST) WARE. They have one daughter, Julia, wife of Michael ROBERTSON, of this county, and who now lives in Butler. Although Montgomery has a Democratic majority of 500 or 600, yet our subject is a Republican, and has no trouble in getting the position he now holds, such is an evidence of his qualifications and popularity. He owns 200 acres of land in Butler Township.

A. HARTLINE, boots and shoes, Hillsboro, born in North Carolina October 3, 1845; his parents are natives of North Carolina; his father, who was a farmer and a blacksmith by trade, died there in 1874; his mother, who is now about seventy-five years of age, is still living in her native State. Our subject, the fifth of a family of seven sons, received a limited education in Iredell County, N. C., and remained with his father on the farm and in the blacksmith-shoptill he was seventeen years old; he then learned the shoe-making trade, which he has since followed. Beginning without any means, he has, by industry and economy, worked up a good trade in custom work, and in addition carries a good stock ofready-made goods; he owns a neat store and a comfortable two-story brick residence in Hillsboro. He married in Hillsboro, October 5, 1870, Mary Ann SHARP, born in North Carolina, daughter of William SHARP, a native of that State, who died nearHillsboro. Mr. and Mrs. HARTLINE are the parents of five children - George, Flora,Jessie, Bertie and Grace. He enlisted, in 1864, in Company E., North Carolina Infantry, and served under Gen. McCRAY till 1865, when he was captured near Petersburg, Va., and kept a prisoner till the close of the war. He and his wife are Methodists; in politics, he is a Democrat.

James HAYNES, county Treasurer, Hillsboro, born in Morgan County, Ill., September 25, 1843; son of John and Harriet SEYMOUR. John, who was a farmer by occupation, was born in Indiana about the year 1815; he lived in Kentucky, principally, till he was fourteen years old, when he moved to Illinois, and settled in Cass County for a few years; thence he removed to Morgan County, thence to Montgomery County, where he settled permanently in 1854; his wife was born in North Carolina about the year 1819; she came to Illinois with her parents when quite young, and is still living. James, who is the eldest of a family of five sons and two daughters,attended school in Montgomery County, and afterward at McKendree College, at Lebanon, and the Soldiers' College at Fulton, Ill. He followed farming till 1877, when he was elected County Treasurer, an office which he still holds. In 1862, heenlisted as private in the Federal amry, Company F, One Hundred and Twenty-second Illinois Infantry. In the battle of Tupelo, Miss., July 14, 1864, he lost his rightarm; [Page 109] he was captured next day and held a prisoner till the close of the war, during which time he was imprisoned in the following places: Mobile, two weeks; Cahaba, Ala., four months; Macon, Ga., two and a half months; Andersonville, one month; Selma, Ala.; Meridian, Miss.; Vicksburg and St. Louis. From St. Louis, he was released, and having reported at Springfield, Ill., was discharged in the spring of 1865. He is a Methodist; in politics, he supports the Democratic party.

George B. KING, lumber merchant, etc., Hillsboro, born in Rowan County, N. C., September 21, 1824; came to this county in 1867; son of James KING, born in Surrey County, N. C., in 1798; farmer; served last two years in the war of 1812; was in nine months in the same war, in the early part, as a substitute for another party, when only about sixteen years of age; he served also in the regular army some time after the close of this war. Subject has now in his possession a white vest that was made by a French lady for his father, at St. Louis, during the war; he died in North Carolina, December 26, 1825. Elizabeth (BARRINGER) KING, subject's mother, born in Cabarras County, N. C., January 27, 1799, and died inHillsboro, Ill., August 7, 1870. Subject's parents raised one son and two daughters. He was educated in North Carolina and Virginia; farmed and taught school for a startin life; although he learned no trade, yet he possessed sufficient natural genius to adapt himself to almost any kind of work; was in the habit of making his own shoes, harness, lay brick, build chimneys, etc. When he first came to this place, in 1867, he taught school and worked at the carpenter's trade at intervals, and finally in August, 1872, he began in the lumber business, which he still follows. Subject was conscripted in the Confederate service, in March, 1863, remained there till the following June, when he was taken sick and sent to the hospital; after becoming able, he was sent on to rejoin the army, took a different route and came to Ohio; remained about one year, and then came on to this State. Republican now in politics. Member of the I. O. O. F. Was married in Hillsboro, Ill., March 29, 1872, to Miss Lydia A. DILWORTH, born in Grant County, Ky., June 5, 1849; a daughter of Absalom H. DILWORTH, born in Guildford County, N.C., July 25, 1815; lived several years in Kentucky, and then came to this State, where he still lives. He (Mr. DILWORTH) married Elizabeth WORK, born in Guilford County, N.C., December 13, 1823; was brought to Kentucky, when only nine years old, by her parents, and settled in Grant County, where she died August 15, 1861. Subject has one son - Charlie D., born March 26, 1879, and one daughter - Nellie D., born June 22, 1881. Owns six lots in town, two lumber yards, nice two-story frame residence, etc.

Henry H. KEITHLEY, Deputy County Clerk, Hillsboro, born in Indiana, November 26, 1844; came to Litchfield, Ill., in 1857, son of Seth M. and Anna Theresa (MILLER)KEIGHLEY, he, a mechanic, born in Kentucky, October 18, 1812, where he still lives and owns twenty acres within the limits of that town; she, born in Maryland November 13, 1808, died at Litchfield, Ill., November 22, 1869. Subject is the oldest son of a family of two sons and three daughters; got his education at Litchfield andSpringfield; was a painter for four years, Deputy Postmaster at Litchfield for two years, clerked in a drug store there for two years; moved from there to Hillsboro in December, 1873, when he was [Page 110] appointed Deputy Clerk, by George M. RAYMOND, County Clerk, an office he still fills satisfactorily. Mr. KEITHLEY was married in Hillsboro, September 8, 1875, to Miss Camilla BROWN, born June 7, 1853, who has borne him one child - Amy R. Subject enlisted September 3, 1864, in the Federal army, and served as private and Corporal until the end of the war. He is a Methodist, a Republican, is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and owns a nice residence in East Hillsboro.

Judge Edward LANE, attorney, Hillsboro, is a native Ohioan and was born in Cleveland March 27, 1842, to John, born April 15, 1803, and Catharine (BERRY) LANE, who were also natives of Ohio, and died in the "Forest City" about 1850, at about the same time, the father having been a merchant of that city. Both families were of Irish extraction, and possessed of a marked shrewdness and energy. The orphaned family consisted of two sons, the eldest of whom died at about eighteen years of age, being four years the senior of Edward, who came to Hillsboro in the spring of 1858, and engaged in work upon a brick yard, at which he continued about three years, then began going to school, working at the same time for his subsistence. In the fall of 1863, he began reading law in connection with school-teaching, and was admitted to the bar in the fall of 1864. He immediately began the practice of his profession in Hillsboro, where he has built up a large and remunerative practice, and stands in the front rank of the legal profession of Montgomery County. In 1869, he was elected for a term of four years to the office of county Judge. In 1870, October 31, he was married to Miss Tucie MILLER, born June 19, 1848, a native of Lawrenceville, Ill., and daughter of Samuel K. and Margaret MILLER. By her he had two children - Bessie and Guy C. He is a member of the Masonic order, and with his family, belong to the Lutheran Church. In his political sentiment, he is Democratic.

E. F. LEAK, miller, Hillsboro, was born in Philadelphia, Penn., July 22, 1847, son of Thomas and Mary (WALKER) LEAK. Thomas LEAK was born in England in 1806; emigrated to America while quite young, and died in Newark, Del., in 1872; he was a painter, a sailor, and finally a farmer. His wife was born in England in 1817, and died in Jerseyville, Ill., in 1873. Our subject is the third son of a family of five sons and one daughter. He received a common school education in Delaware, and learned the milling business, in which occupation he is still engaged. He began the business with very moderate resources, but has been successful, and now owns a comfortable frame cottage in Hillsboro. He married, in Philadelphia, in April, 1873, Esther COMLY, a native of Delaware, daughter of Samuel and Miss (SANDERS) COMLY. Samuel COMLY, whose parents were Quakers, was born in Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. LEAK are the parents of three children - Edward, Della and Bertha. He is a supporter of the Republican party, and a member of the Knights of Pythias.

John J. McLEAN, Circuit Clerk and Recorder, Hillsboro, was born at Metuchin, Middlesex Co., N. J., April 4, 1849, and came to this State when fourteen years old, with his parents. He was the son of Martin and Mary (CARY) McLEAN. Martin was born in Ireland in November, 1819, and came to the United States in 1847, and located in New Jersey, remaining till 1862, and moved with his family to this county, where he still lives. He is a farmer, and owns 500 acres of as good land as is in the county. Mary CARY, his wife, was born in Ireland in 1812; was married there; came to the United [Page 111] States one year prior to her husband, and died July 9, 1879. Our subject is the oldest of a family of three; received his education partly in the East and partly in St. Louis, where he graduated from Bryant & Stratton's Commercial College. He also took a classical course at the Christian Brothers' College, St. Louis, but did not graduate. In Bois D'Arc Township, Montgomery County, Oct. 10, 1877, he married A. Amanda THOMAS, who was born there October 10, 1855, daughter of Samuel R. and Mary E. (DAYTON) THOMAS. He was born in Greene County, Ill., May 2, 1829; is still living; she born in 1831 at the same place; still living. Subject has two sons - William Ralph, born July 17, 1879, and Edgar M., born March 21, 1881. Mr. McLEON taught school for a year, and was afterward elected County Treasurer of Montgomery County, and served two years. He next engaged in real estate and abstract business from 1875 to 1880, when he was elected Circuit Clerk, an office he still holds. He owns a nice two-story brick residence in Hillsboro, besides about 480 acres of land in Montgomery County, and a valuable set of abstract books worth, probably, $10,000. He is also an inventor, having patented what is known as McLEAN's File Cabinet for court papers. This is an invention that promises to be very valuable to the patentee.
George W. MICHAEL, hotel proprietor and farmer, Hillsboro, was born in North Carolina July 30, 1827, son of Jacob and Annie (LONTZ) MICHAEL, both natives of North Carolina. Jacob was born about the year 1798. He is a farmer by occupation and still living in his native State. His wife died in Indiana about the year 1872. They were the parents of twelve children, nine sons and three daughters; six of the sons deceased. Our subject received but a limited education in North Carolina. He learned the house-carpenter's trade, and has followed it the greater part of his life. He came to Illinois March 18, 1881, and settled in Hillsboro, where he has conducted a hotel since that time. He married, in North Carolina, October 20, 1857, Belzora HEDICK, a native of that State, born July 5, 1833, daughter of John and Barbara (CAUSLER) HEDICK. John HEDICK, who is a farmer, was born in North Carolina, March 30, 1795. His wife, also a native of North Carolina, was born February 12, 1804. Mr. and Mrs. MICHAEL have had six children, four of whom are living - Thomas J., who married Miss Teenie NICHOLS, of Hillsboro; John T.; Jennie, wife of John GOODMAN, and Emma H. During the war, Mr. MICHAEL served in the Confederate army, Company E, Fourth Cavalry, Deering's Brigade, Stewart's Cavalry, participating in the battles of Manassas and others of less importance near Petersburg, Richmond, etc. On one occasion, he and a comrade, by coolness and strategy, succeeded in capturing nine federal soldiers. Seeing the importance of a good education, Mr. MICHAEL has endeavored to give his children all the advantages in that direction within the reach of his ability. He and all his family are Lutherans. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity; in politics, he is a supporter of the Democratic party.

Samuel H. McLEAN, physician, Hillsboro, is a native of Montgomery County, where he was born, near Hillsboro, April 12, 1849, to Robison and Emily (BARRY) McLEAN, he a native of Greensboro, N. C., and came to Montgomery County at about twenty-oneyears of age, or in about the year 1841. Here he engaged in stock-raising and farming, which he followed until his death, which occurred in January, 1876. Emily, the mother of our subject, was born in Barren County, Ky., and came with her parents when but a child to Montgomery County. She is [Page 112]still living at an advanced age. Our subject is the second of seven living children. He received the meager advantages of the district schools until seventeen years of age, when he spent two years at the academy at Hillsboro, and the years 1871-72 were spent at the University at Lincoln, Ill. In the fall of 1872, he entered the Eclectic Medical Institute at Cincinnati, graduating therefrom in the spring of 1874. He immediately commenced practiceat Donnellson, Montgomery County, where he remained three years. In the spring of 1877, he came to Hillsboro, where he has since resided, in the practice of his profession, and built up a large and lucrative practice. Since his professional career in the county, he has held the offices of Secretary, President and Vice President of the County Medical Society, and has been twice appointed s delegate to the State Medical Association, of which he is a member. He was married, September 19, 1876, to Miss Lina KERR, a native of Ohio, and daughter of Robert KERR, now of Montgomery County. He is Republican in political sentiment, and with his family, belongs to the Methodist Church.

Warren M. NEFF, blacksmith, Hillsboro, was born in Clark County, Ohio, in 1848; son of William H. C. and Susan (HUFFMAN) NEFF. William H. C. was a farmer, and was born in Clark County, Ohio, in 1825; removed to Montgomery County in 1854, where he died the following year. His wife was born in Ohio, in 1830; she married twice, the second husband being James WHITE, of Montgomery County. Warren, our subject, has two sisters and three half-brothers. He received his education, chiefly, in Hillsboro, and worked on the farm till he was twenty years old, when he learned the blacksmith's trade, which he has followed ever since. He began life with little or no means, but by industry and economy, and strict attention to business, he has built up an extensive trade, and is the owner of considerable property. He owns a blacksmith shop and lot adjoining, a house and lot in the south end of Hillsboro, and eighty-three acres of land in East Fork and Fillmore Townships. In Hillsboro, November 17, 1875, he married Elmira A. STOUT, born in Indiana, in 1855, and died in Hillsboro, December 4, 1880. Mr. NEFF is a Republican, and a member of the I. O. O. F. and the A., F. & A. M.

George William PAISLEY, attorney, Hillsboro, was born in this county in 1838; son of Joseph PAISLEY, born in North Carolina in 1797, and emigrated to this State in 1822, and spent first two years in Bond County, thence to his county, where he spent the remainder of his life. He died on his farm here in 1857. In 1837, he was married to Martha A. ALLAN, a native of Kentucky, born near Lexington in 1815, and is still living with her son, subject, in this county. Present raised but one son, subject, he being by the second wife. There are two half-sisters living by first wife. Our subject was educated at the Hillsboro Academy. He was admitted to the bar in 1870, having read law off and on some several years previous. He began life as a farmer, at the death of his father, which he followed for four or five years. He was next County Surveyor, being elected in 1865, an office he filled for two years. He next engaged in mercantile business, some two years. He held the office of Master in Chancery from 1868 to 1869; was elected to the State Legislature in 1880, a position he now holds; enlisted in 1862 in the One Hundred and Twenty-second Illinois Infantry as a private, and was afterward elected Orderly Sergeant, and served three years; participated in the battle at Nashville, Tupelo, storm and capture of the works of [Page 113] Blakely, at Mobile, Ala., besides several minor engagements; was never captured nor wounded during the war; belonged to the command that followed PRICE through Missouri and a portion of Kansas, in 1864, a distance of about 600 miles; left Jefferson Barracks on the 2d of October and got back to St. Louis on the 18th of November; Democrat in politics. He was married in Macoupin County, this State, on the 5th of June, 1872, to Maggie M. MIDDLETON. She was the daughter of Rev. John and Sibilla (GALBREATH) MIDDLETON; wife was born in 1846. Our subject has five children, all daughters, viz.: Anna, Ethel, Georgia, Maggie and Susie. His wife is a member of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, commonly called Covenanters, her father being a minister of that church. Subject owns about 1,000 acres of land in this county.

Samuel PAISLEY, farmer P. O. Hillsboro, was born in North Carolina in the year 1811, on the 6th of July. John PAISLEY, his father, was born in Pennsylvania, on the 10th of August, 1763, and was taken to North Carolina in infancy and remained there until sixty-four years of age, and was a farmer by occupation. He emigrated to Illinois in 1828, and settled in Montgomery County, and commenced farming. He entered 160 of land and bought 120 acres of unimproved land, on which he put all necessary improvements, and raised a large family of children. He married in North Carolina in the year 1791, to Miss Jane (RANKIN) PAISLEY. She was born in North Carolina in the year 1771, and of Scotch-Irish descent, and was the mother of twelve children, our subject being the eleventh child, and was raised on the farm and assisted his father in his boyhood days. He was educated in the common schools of the country, and by observation and energy has a good practical education. He commenced business for himself as a farmer; went into the Black Hawk war, at the age of twenty-one years, and served three months; came back to this county and purchased forty acres of land with the money he received for his services, and has added to it until he has reached the handsome estate of 414 acres, the most of which is good tillable land, with all necessary improvements. He was married September 1, 1842, in this county, to Miss Clarissa FULLER; was born in Clark County, Ohio, January 11, 1821. Moses FULLER, her father, was born in New Brunswick, in 1787, and died November, 1879. Elizabeth PRILLAMAN, her mother, was born in Virginia, in the year 1778, and was mother of nine children, eight living. The wife of subject was the seventh child, and she is the mother of five children, one deceased. Their names are as follows: Moses F., in the war three years, was in several battles, entering the service at seventeen years of age; Lucinda C., Nettie, William C., Laura J., deceased. They are members of the Presbyterian Church. Identified with the Republican party. William PAISLEY, his paternal grandfather, was in the Revolutionary war, and was wounded at Guilford through the wrist. Mrs. PAISLEY, the mother of Rev. Samuel Paisley, said that she had no recollection of her parents, they having been killed by the Indians, and her mother died soon after. She never spoke of her captivity at all.

Joseph POLLARD, hotel proprietor, Hillsboro, was born in St. Louis January 22, 1856; son of Daniel and Mary (PHALAN) POLLARD. Daniel POLLARD was born in Ireland and emigrated to America at the age of twenty-two. He settled first in New Orleans, but afterward moved to St. Louis, where he was married August 15, 1850. He followed steamboating for several years, and was afterward employed on the police force in St. [Page 114] Louis. He died at Little Rock, Ark., in 1867. Of his seven children, three sons died prior to his death, and were buried in St. Louis. Since his death, one son and one daughter have died, and been buried in Litchfield, Ill. The remaining two are Joseph (our subject) and Margaret. His wife, Mary PHALAN, was born in Ireland in 1826. She came to America with some friends, when she was seventeen years of age, and stopped for a time in New Orleans, then moved to St. Louis. Since the death of her husband, she and her son, the subject of this sketch, have been engaged in the hotel business. They first kept hotel in Butler, where they stayed nine years; thence they moved to Raymond, remaining there four years, and finally located in Hillsboro, in June, 1879. Here they ran the old American Hotel for two years and a half, after which they moved to their present house, the City Hotel, where they have met with an extensive patronage. Our subject, his mother, and sister, are Catholics. He is a supporter of the Democratic party.

Judge Edward Young RICE, attorney, Springfield, was born in Logan County, Ky., February 8, 1820. In his native State, he remained until about fifteen years of age, when he came with his parents to Macoupin County, Ill. His father, Francis RICE, was a native of Caswell County, N. C. He was engaged in a ministerial life, and identified with agricultural and mercantile pursuits. His death occurred in August, 1837, aged about sixty-three years. His wife was Mary GOOCH, also a native of Caswell County, N. C., and a daughter of William and Mrs. (CARR) GOOCH. Both were among the prominent families of North Carolina. The parents of our subject had seven sons and four daughters, of whom two sons and one daughter are now living, of whom the Judge is the youngest. The eldest, Hiram J., a farmer of Macoupin County, and Susan, widow of Robert ANDREWS, of the above county. The Judge received a limited education in the common school, with the addition of about two years at Shurtleff College. He then taught school and studied law with Gov. PALMER, at Carlinville, from which place he was admitted to the bar in February, 1844. In September of the following year he came to Hillsboro, where he practiced his profession until in October, 1881, when he entered into partnership with Judge A. N. J. CROOK, at Springfield, Ill. While engaged in the practice of his profession, he has always been honored with a large and lucrative practice. In 1847, he was elected to the office of Recorder of Deeds of Montgomery County. In November, 1848, he was honored with an election to the Lower House of the Illinois Legislature, a special session carrying him to the year 1851, and in that year he was elected to the office of County Judge to fill the unexpired term caused by the resignation of Joseph RALSTON, and during the years 1853 to 1857, he was Master in Chancery. In April, 1857, he was elected to the office of Circuit Judge for a term of four years, but by the formation of a new circuit, composed of Sangamon, Macoupin, Montgomery, and Christian Counties, he was re-elected for a term of six years, and in 1867 for a term of six years longer, but before the term expired he resigned his office to accept the nomination for Congress from the "old Tenth District". In that position he served until in March, 1873, and it was during his term that the State was re-districted. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention which assembled in December, 1869, and completed its work in May, 1870. In this convention he served upon many important committees. In the early part of 1874, he, in connection with his son-in-law, Amos [Page 115]MILLER, opened their present law office in Hillsboro, now under the firm name of RICE, MILLER, & McDAVID. He was married November 29, 1849, to Mrs. Susan R. (ALLEN) COUDY, a native of Clark County, Ky. She had one child - Isabella, wife of F. C. BOLTON, a railroad operator in Indianapolis. By this marriage, the Judge has two children living - Mary, wife of Amos MILLER, and James E. Y., who is attending Blackburn University. He is a Democrat in political tenets, and, with his wife, belongs to the Presbyterian Church.

George M. RAYMOND, County Clerk, Hillsboro, is a native of Woodstock, Windsor Co., Vt., where he was born September 8, 1832, to George G. and Judith Hix (PHILLIPS) RAYMOND, both natives of the above county, where they both died. She was a daughter of Shadrach PHILLIPS. George G. is a son of George and Phoebe (COBB) RAYMOND. The parents of our subject had four children, of whom he was the oldest. The others were Edna I., widow of James E. L. SOUTHGATE, who, at the time of his death, was Assistant Cashier of the Winnebago National Bank; at that place his family now resides. Sarah S., a maiden, residing with her widowed sister; Elwyn P. died November 11, 1881, aged thirty-eight years, at Shellmound, Le Flore Co., Miss., where he had been for a considerable time in the capacity of book-keeper. Our subject received his education at the district school and atthe Green mountain Liberal Institute in his native town, after which he begun life as a farmer. In 1853, September 12, he came to Rockford, Ill., where he engaged in mercantile business, remaining two years. In 1856, he went to Alton and engaged in the marble business, which he carried on until in 1860, when on the 17th of July of that year he was married to Jennette BURDETT, a native of Lowell, Mass., of English-Scotch descent, and daughter of Emmons and Margaret (CARR) BURDETT, he a wheelright and machinist, now residing with his family in Litchfield. By this marriage there were tow children, both of whom died in childhood. In February, 1861, he moved to Litchfield, and there formed a partnership in mercantile business, under the firm name of Stoddard & Raymond, which they carried on for twelve years, when by the dissolution of the firm, he entered upon the duties ofbook-keeper for the banking firm of Beach, Davis & Co. During his residence atLitchfield, he held the following city offices: Alderman, two terms; City Treasurer, tow terms, and City Clerk, one term. In December, 1873, he took upon himself the duties of the office of County Clerk, having been previously elected upon the Granger ticket, the county being nearly six hundred Democratic majority. He was re-elected on the Republican ticket in a square political contest, and by virtue of an amendment to the Constitution, another year was added to his time, so that, in December, 1882, he will have served the people in this office nine years. He is a member of the Masons at Litchfield, in which order he has for several years been commanding officer. He and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and highly esteemed citizens of Hillsboro.

Francis ROOT, local preacher and farmer, born in Massachusetts, raised principally in New Jersey. He was married to Mrs. Marandis D. HOLMES (widow of Joel D. HOLMES, deceased) April 2, 1873. Her first husband, Mr. HOLMES, son of Daniel and Mercy (DAY) HOLMES, was born in Alfred, Me., April 3, 1813, and married Marandis D. BENNETT, of Wilbraham, Mass., October 3, 1843. Mrs. HOLMES was born December 29, 1826. Their children, all born in Hillsboro, Ill., have been Mary M., Morrill D., Joel F., Lucy N., Edward and Alice A. Mr. [Page 116] HOLMES, deceased, was a piano-maker in New York City for a number of years, and after coming to Illinois, he worked at the carpenter's trade. He died on his farm, five miles south of Hillsboro, on April 5, 1870. His son, Frank, ran the farm after his father's death, for several years, and on account of his health failing, he was obliged to quit the farm, and his brother Morrill then took charge of the farm and still continues to run the same. He, the father, was not connected with any church, but was a Methodist in belief, and shortly before his death, he professed religion, and died happy. He was a highly-esteemed citizen of high moral character, very benevolent all through life, and perhaps had as few enemies as any man in his country, at the time of his death. He was a Republican in politics. Left considerable estate consisting principally of lands. He left several hundred acres to his family, besides other means. His widow (now Mrs. ROOT) and three children - Frank, Morrill and Mary M., wife of Joseph F. HUGHES, still living. Mr. ROOT, second husband, was born in Massachusetts, February 14, 1809. Left there when six years old and went to New Jersey with his parents, where he was educated; left there when about twenty-five years old and went to Ohio; remained there about two years; from there to Richmond, Ind.; remained there about twenty-five years in the woolen factory business, hotel, grocery, etc; from there to Greenville, Ill., remained there six or seven years, farming principally, and from there to this county, five miles south of Hillsboro; moved to Hillsboro in May, 1881, where he now lives. Began preaching, as a local preacher, in the Methodist Episcopal Church, about twenty years ago, and still preaches occasionally. Was married first in New Jersey, in 1831, to Mary B. BROWN. She died in 1869. His second marriage was on April 2, 1873, to Mrs. Marandis D. HOLMES. Mr. ROOT has five living children, all by his first wife - James, William and Francis C., and two daughters - Sarah and Julia A. Republican, politically. Was one of the first Abolitionists in Indiana; was driven out of the church on this account.

Charles A. RAMSEY, hardware, Hillsboro, born in Pennsylvania January 8, 1845, son of William H. and Mary (RARER) RAMSEY. William H. was born in Pennsylvania, in 1820, and is a contractor and builder by occupation. His wife, also a native of Pennsylvania, was born in 1825. They are both still living. Charles A., the eldest son of a family of five sons and three daughters, received a good education at Pine Grove Seminary and Academy, and also at the Pennsylvania State Agricultural College. He began life as a clerk; afterward taught school; studied medicine for about two years, but gave it up and engaged in the drug business in Irving, Ill. In 1877, he gave up the drug business in Irving, and came to Hillsboro, where he engaged in his present business, hardware and agricultural implements. He has filled the office of Township Supervisor. In 1862, he enlisted in the Army of the Potomac, as private, and served under Gen. Miles and others, and was promoted to the rank of Sergeant Major, and afterward to Adjutant. He served till the close of the war, and participated in many hot engagements. In Shelby County, Ill., in 1870, he married Elizabeth Corley, born in Shelby County, July 2, 1849, daughter of B. W. and Lois (WAKEFIELD) CORLEY, natives of that county. From this marriage, they have one daughter - Mary. Mr. Ramsey is a Republican, and a member of the Masonic fraternity. His wife is a member of the Presbyterian Church.

Fred A. RANDLE, attorney, Hillsboro, was born at Bunker Hill, Ill., January 21, [Page 117] 1854, to E. B. and Mary E. (POWERS) RANDLE, she a graduate of Oberlin College, Ohio, and sister to A. G. POWERS, deceased, the artist, and a cousin to Hiram POWERS, the sculptor; she was born in Otto, Cattaraugus Co., N. Y., in 1826, and was the youngest daughter of a family of seven sons and four daughters; her death occurred October 10, 1857, when the subject of this sketch was about four years of age; she was a very intelligent lady and a kind and loving mother. E. B. RANDLE was born at Bellville, Ill., September 8, 1826, and is now engaged in the hardware and drug business at Bethalto, Ill.; he was one of a company who went to California in 1849, locating near Sacramento City, where he engaged in mining, and was quite successful; on his return home in 1851, by way of the Pacific and Gulf of Mexico, where upon the latter sea he was shipwrecked, and, when in a perishing condition, he was picked up by a friendly vessel, and returned home and engaged in mercantile pursuits. He married his second wife, Marietta NELSON, of Gillespie, Ill., January 6, 1859, by whom he has two living children - Mattie and Mary E., who was married, June 13, 1880, to W. F. NEISLER, of Bethalto, Ill., by whom she has had one child, Lottie E.; he is engaged in business with his father-in-law, who is a son of Rev. Richard RANDLE, one of the pioneer preachers of the State, a native of Georgia, and still living, ateighty-three years of age. Our subject was the only child by his father's firstmarriage; he lived upon the farm and attended district school in winter. In 1874, he entered the Preparatory Department of McKendree College, at Lebanon, Ill.; there he worked for his board, and surmounted the many obstacles in the way of a smooth educational advancement, until completing his Junior year, having passed by examination the course of Freshman; during the Junior year, he also took the first year in the Law Department, and, in the year 1879, graduated from that institution, and came to Hillsboro, where he, in July of that year, began the practice of his profession, in which he has to the present time met with flattering success. In May 1881, he was elected for a term of four years to the office of Justice of the Peace, which position he is filling to the satisfaction of his constituency. He is a member of the M. E. Church, and is a young man of good moral and religious habits.

John A. RALSTON, boarding-house keeper, Hillsboro, born in Mifflin County, Penn., August 30, 1818; came to this state in 1843 and stopped in Hillsboro; the son of William and Anna (BLACK) RALSTON; he, a tanner, born in the North of Ireland in 1783, came to the United States when quite young; settled in Philadelphia, Penn.; was a soldier of the war of 1812, but the war was brought to a close before he was called into active service and died December 25, 1862; she, born in Carlisle, Penn., in 1782, and died in June, 1873. Our subject is the second son of a family of four sons and two daughters; educated in the common schools of Perryville, Penn., and was married, in 1852, near Taylorville, Ill., to Ann Elizabeth LADD, born in Stonington, Conn., in 1826, who came to Illinois in the spring of 1849 with her mother and family, and settled six miles north of Taylorville; she is the daughter of Noyes, born in Franklin County,Conn., in 1798, died 1838, and Harriet L. (WILLIAMS) LADD, born in Stonington, Conn., died June, 1870. Our subject has four children - William Curtis, Hattie E., Eleanora and Florence A. He went to Missouri in 1844; remained there about ten months, then went to Vandalia, Ill., for two years; then back to Pennsylvania for six months; returned to Taylorville, Ill., [Page 118] for three years, then to Hillsboro in 1853, where he now resides. Our subject is a tailor, and has followed that business for thirty years; was in the Federal army from 1862 to 1865; enlisted as a private; promoted to Second Sergeant, and was at the fall of Vicksburg, but was not called into action. He is a Republican, and his son, William Curtis, is a graduate of the public school at Hillsboro; read law with Hon. George W. PAISLEY, of this place; went to Iowa, located in Pocahontas Center; admitted to the bar there in the fall of 1881, and now has a fair practice in connection with the real estate business.

Charles W. SPRINGER, abstracts and real estate, Hillsboro, born in Springfield, Ill., October 5, 1846, son of Francis and Mary (KREIGH) SPRINGER; he, born in Maryland in 1810, came to this place in 1838; established Hillsboro College; was President of same till 1852; moved to Springfield, where the college was opened; served again as President for several years; afterward elected Superintendent of City Schools; came back here in 1874; was Superintendent of County Schools for several years, and again returned to Springfield I n1880, where he now is; he is a pastor in the Lutheran Church; has been a preacher all his life, and graduated at Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, Penn.; she, born atHagerstown, Md., in 1815, is still living. Our subject was educated principally at the university, Springfield, Ill.; began life in the dry goods business, in which he continued about three years; taught in the academy, Hillsboro, under his father, as Principal, for a term of one year, and then began his present business; enlisteed in the Federal army (100-days' service) in the summer of 1864, when he was only in his teens, and was the whole time at Rock Island in charge of the prisoners. His parents have seven living children, subject being the third son, and now Public Administrator of Montgomery County. He made a trip to Utah in 1871; spent six months there; been a law student for several years; expects to be admitted to the bar next winter, and will make law his profession. His brother, Phil M. SPRINGER, is an agricultural writer, and publishes annually the American Berkshire Record at Springfield. Another brother, John G., was Quartermaster of the Tenth Cavalry during the war, and is now United States Internal Revenue Gauger of the Springfield District, and served in the same office in Arkansas for ten years.

George W. SCOTT, lawyer, Hillsboro, born in Putnam County, Ill., July 3, 1853; came to this county September, 1874, son of George and Harriet B. (PHILLIPS) SCOTT, he born in Virginia March 10, 1813, moved to St. Charles, Mo., with his parents in 1820; his father, Phelix SCOTT, was Lieutenant Governor of Missouri in 1827-28, and his father, Col. Charles SCOTT, was Colonel in the Revolutionary army; she, a daughter of Capt. Thomas PHILLIPS, of Hillsboro, was born in Livingston County, Ky., in 1823. Our subject is the youngest son of a family of three sons and one daughter; attended the high school at Henry, Ill.; graduated at the Northwestern University at Chicago in 1872; commenced reading law, in the summer of 1874, with his uncle, Judge PHILLIPS; began practicing in 1876; went West February 25, 1879, and returned August 20, 1881, having visited Colorado, New Mexico, Old Mexico, Arizona, California, again to Arizona, thence home. He was admitted to the bar in Colorado, and practiced there ten months. Our subject was married, in Hillsboro, December 9, 1875, to Jennie RUSSELL, born at Greenville June 6, 1857, daughter of Thomas J. and Mary (BUCHANAN) RUSSELL, he born at Harper's Ferry, Va., in 1833, still lives there, while [Page 119] she was born in Greenville, Ill. The result of this union is one daughter, Pearl, born January 30, 1877. Our subject is a Democrat, a member of the Masonic fraternity, and was married by Rev. James WOOLARD, who had officiated at his wife's father's and mother's marriage, and also at his wife's grandfather's and grandmother's marriage.

J. P. SPANGLER, saddler, Hillsboro, was born in Pennsylvania April 8, 1846; father was George SPANGLER; he was also a native of Pennsylvania; was a blacksmith by trade, but, in after life, followed the vocation of farming; he died in Pennsylvania about 1852; mother's name was Nancy MYERS; she was also a native of Pennsylvania, where she now lives; parents raised three sons and two daughters; subject is the second son, and was educated at the common schools of his native State; began life by working on the farm, and, at about the age of seventeen years, he began to learn the saddler's trade, which business be has followed the principal part of his time since, except he traveled about two years in commercial business. He worked at his trade about three years in Memphis, and the next place he located was at Hillsboro, Ill., in the spring of 1874, where he still continues. Our subject is engaged here by a company known as the Montgomery County Co-operative Association, and is manager of their business. Subject was married, in this town, October 18, 1877, to Miss Tillie HOLDEREAD, daughter of Anthony HOLDEREAD, who died at this place about 1880. Subject has one child, Mamie Adell, born September 25, 1878. Subject owns a comfortable two-story brick residence in town. Republican in politics. Member of the Masonic order at this place; self and wife are members of the Methodist Church.

Alfred A. K. SAWYER, dry goods and farming, Hillsboro, was born in Boston August 8, 1832, and came to Illinois in 1840. His father, Amos SAWYER, a native of Ireland, had four children, two boys and tow girls, our subject being the eldest, who was educated partly in Hillsboro and partly in St. Louis, and began life farming, after which he traveled awhile, clerking onsteamboats and on levee; was also in business in Chicago about two years; has been in the dry goods trade and farming in Montgomery for about sixteen years; he owns a fine farm of 250 acres; has one residence with thirteen acres attached, and another on Main street; has a fine trade, usually employing from three to five clerks. In 1860, in Hillsboro, he married Ella BREMER, a native of Kentucky, whose father was a North Carolinian, and her mother a Virginia woman; he is living in Hillsboro, but his wife is dead. Mr. SAWYER has had five children born to him - Amos, Edgar, Hubert, Augustus and Ella; one son, William, is dead. Is a Methodist, and a member of the Masonic and Granger fraternities; has also filled the position of Justice of the Peace.

Thomas D. WASHBURN, physician, Hillsboro, was born in Greenfield, Mass., upon the 25th of April, 1819; he is the eldest and only son of Dr. Seth and Asenath (DICKMAN) WASHBURN, both of whom were natives of the above State, she, born about 1800, died in 1840, a daughter of Thomas DICKMAN, a printer and book-seller at Springfield, Mass., and a man of considerable prominence in his business he, born at Leicester about 1790, died February, 1825. The only sister of our subject is Ruth W., widow of William G. BANCROFT, of the firm of Barnes, Bancroft & Co., one of the oldest, wealthiest and most prominent wholesale and retail dry goods houses in Buffalo, N. Y. Dr. Washburn, in his boyhood, pursued, in the different academies and colleges of New England, [Page 120] the languages, sciences, mathematics, and classics, obtaining a valuable and practical knowledge in the special course which he selected. At the age of twenty-one years, he began the study of medicine under Dr. Ralph SEVERANCE, at Saxon's River, Vt., then with Dr. James DEAN, and from his tutelage he entered the intermediate school of Bowditch, Cole & Shattuck, at Boston; after remaining for a time at this school, his health failing, he went to the State of Georgia, where he taught a private school for three years, and then enteredthe University of New York, from which he graduated in the spring of 1846, and then began the practice of his profession at Syracuse, N. Y., where he remained three years. He was married, at Oswego, N.Y., May 25, 1846, to Roxanna M. JOSLIN, born at Easton, N.Y., April 25, 1819, daughter of Peter and Hannah (ROUNDS) JOSLIN, he born in 1784, died in 1858, she born at Easton in 1787, died in 1862. From Syracuse he removed to Grayville, Ill., thence to Lawrenceville, and, in 1856, settled in Hillsboro, where he has since resided and enjoyed a large practice in his profession. In 1854, he held the office of President of the Esculapian, which is the oldest society in the State, and the same year delivered the valedictory address before that society; he has also held the office of President of the State Medical Society, and at the present time fills that position in the Montgomery County Medical Society, and Vice President of the Inter-State Medical Society. His contributions to medical literature have been numerous and of great value to the medical profession throughout the country. He served three years as Assistant Surgeon of the One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, the last eighteen months of the time being spent as Post Surgeon at Little Rock, Ark. By his marriage, there were born the following: Seth Emory and Daniel W., living; John and Edward, dead. The family are members of the Congregational Church, in which the Doctor has held for a number of years the offices of Deacon and Trustee.He is a Republican in his political tenets; a man of prominence, and highly esteemed by the citizens of the county; he is a nephew of Emory WASHBURN, ex-Governor of Massachusetts, and late Professor in the Harvard Law School.

M. M. WALSH, furniture, etc., Hillsboro, born in County Wexford, Ireland, in December, 1841; his parents, James and Mary (REDMOND) WALSH, were natives of County Wexford, Ireland, and died there. He is the second son of a family of two sons and two daughters; he received an ordinary education in Ireland, and emigrated to America in 1854, and settled in Montreal, Canada, where he remained till 1856, when he came to the United States. He learned the trade of a wagon-maker in Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y., and at the end of hisapprenticeship in 1859, moved to Stamford, Conn., where he worked at his trade until 1861. In 1864, he went to Philadelphia, where he worked about a year stocking rifles for the government; thence he went to Pittsburgh, Penn.; worked at his trade there one year; thence to Cincinnati, Ohio, worked six months, and then returned to Pittsburgh; from Pittsburgh he went to St. Louis, and thence to Hillsboro, where he arrived April 9, 1867; here he worked at his trade till 1869, then engaged in the hardware business till 1873, when he sold out his hardware stock and engaged in his present line - furniture, coffins, sewing machines, etc. In Hillsboro, December 15, 1870, he married Minerva M. HANSON, born at Tribe's Hill, Montgomery Co., N. Y., June 25, 1846, daughter of John A. and Susan (LINGENFELTER) HANSON, both natives of Tribe's [Page 121] Hill, N. Y., the former born October 11, 1811; the latter, still living, was born February 29, 1806. Mr. and Mrs. WALSH are the parents of two children - Ada Irene, born September 3, 1873, and Mina M., born July 5, 1878. He enlisted, in New York City, April 16, 1861, in the Federal service, Fifth New York Volunteer Infantry, better known as Duryea's Zouaves; was commissioned Lieutenant early in 1863, and remained with the army during its term of service. He was taken prisoner during the seven-days' fight around Richmond, Va., and confined in the tobacco factory prison on Carey street, Richmond, for twenty-six days, when he was paroled and exchanged; he took part in the battle of Fredericksburg. He is a supporter of the Republican party.

Paul WALTER, livery business, Hillsboro, was born in North Carolina, Cabarras County, October 2, 1821. Nicholas Walter was born in Pennsylvania about 1790, and moved to North Carolina about 1809, and married Catharine GOODMAN, of that State. The father, Nicholas WALTER, was in the war of 1812, and served during the war; participated in the memorable battle of New Orleans; he was a farmer and millwright, and died in North Carolina in 1825; parents raised four sons (subject, youngest son) and three daughters. Subject wwas educated at the common schools of North Carolina; began life as a farmer in this State in 1839, that being the year of his emigration; has followed farming and stock-trading the principal part of his time since till the last few years; went to California in 1850, in search of gold; was there about six years in all, and came home about $45,000 winner. Being a liberal-hearted, whole-souled fellow, he indorsed freely for his friends, and was caught for upward of $40,000, which amount he paid by selling his own property, never waiting for an officer to settle any of his transactions. This loss, coupled with some unprofitable investments, reduced our subject again to moderate circumstances, as he had begun. In the late war, he volunteered in the First Illinois Cavalry, in Company E; subject was Captain of the company, under Col. Marshall; was captured at Lexington, Mo., by Gen. Price; was paroled and exchanged, and again entered the service, but was discharged by the Government on account of a violation of their oath, having taken the oath to enter the service no more during the rebellion; after the battle of Lexington, subject was offered the position of Major, an office he refused to accept, preferring to stay with his company; he is a Democrat now in politics; member of the Masonic order; has taken all the degrees from Entered Apprentice to Knight Templar. Subject married, in this county, February 1, 1844, to Emeline SCOTT, who was born in North Carolina in 1827, but came to this State when quite young, in 1833, with her parents; she was a daughter of Alexander and Elizabeth (WOOD) SCOTT. Subject has eight children, four sons - George, Scott, Miller and James; and four daughters, Marcilla, Illinois, Susan and Estella; wife is a member of the Methodist Church; eldest son, George, was educated for a Presbyterian minister, but, on account of his health failing, was obliged to give it up.

E. L. WAGGONER, Hillsboro.
E. L. WAGGONER, the youngest son of Milton R. WAGGONER; Sarah R. McCOLLOUGH, his mother, was born in Montgomery County, Ill., September 28, 1863. His boyhood days were spent principally in attending the country school; at sixteen years of age, he attended the school of Valparaiso, Ind., one year, and two years at Blackburn University; he [Page 122] then came to Hillsboro, Ill., and commenced in the mercantile business as a clerk, as he intends to make that his avocation through life. He and his brother have a very fine property in this county, and our subject stands as high as any young man in the county, socially, and for his integrity and industry, and manly principles, he has no superior.

City of Litchfield and North and South Litchfield Townships
[Page 123]

Daniel Cutting AMSDEN, manufacturer, and Secretary of the Litchfield Coal Company, born in Southington, Conn., January 16, 1814, was, when three years old, removed to Manlius Square, N. Y. Here his father remained a winter, and in the spring, removed to the site of the present village of Homer. After a brief residence of three years, he went to Cato, Cayuga County, and became a contractor on public works. When he was twelve years of age, his parents located in Erie County, and young AMSDEN was reared to farm labor, which, in character and severity of toil, is inappreciable to the pioneers of a prairie region. Before attaining his majority, he drove stage into Buffalo, then little more than a hamlet, and also tried the rude hardships of a lumberman. Prior to his marriage, in 1841, to Miss Mary BEACH, he had leased a hotel at Gowanda, Cattaraugus County, which pursuit he afterward exchanged for shop-keeping, and then farming. He was an ardent politician; held several offices; declined to be Sheriff; and made money only to see it slip away in the financial reverses, which shook the credit of States and the nation, as well as the fortunes of individuals. In 1854, he removed to Berlin, Wis., and for three years was interested in regular mercantile pursuits, and did not improve his permanent fortunes. In May, 1857, he arrived in Litchfield, then a little village, with its few cheap houses, located as if sown by the wind, and of a general appearance to dissipate day-dreams or poetic fancies. Here he entered the employ of the foundry and machine shop company as book-keeper and general utility man. Until he came to Litchfield, his life had been a wide preparation for the success which has since dogged his steps. He had looked on fortune's smiles, and felt her frowns. His schemes had successively turned to ashes, and, past life's meridian, he came here, poor but resolute, to repair pervious disappointments. For ten years, he spared himself to toil or economy. Tall - he is six feet two in his stockings - thin, with joints of strength and great muscular powers, he made himselfindispensable to his employers. In 1865, he became by purchase, an equal partner in the foundry and machine shop, the firm being H. H. BEACH & Co. The affairs of the firm were prosperous. Their shop was crowded with orders, and prices were good. In 1867, he was elected Mayor of the city, and his firm made the advances of money and credit which caused the opening of the coal mine at the eastern limits of the city - the solid foundation of its subsequent prosperity. He was, in 1871, one of the original stockholders of the Litchfield Bank, and the next year was a heavy subscriber to the stock of the Car Works, and the same year was the Republican candidate for State Senator, and was not elected - an adverse majority of 1,200 was too great a barrier to be scaled. In 1875, the foundry and machine shop were sold to the Car Works Company, and Mr. AMSDEN gave his chief attention to coal-mining. He now has a large and valuable interest in the famous block coal region [Page 124] of Indiana, and is a member of the firm of BEACH, DAVIS & Co., bankers. He owns a comfortable interest in the Car Works and the Litchfield Coal Oil and Pipe Line Company, and has bonds and a goodly balance to his credit at the bank. There has been no accident in his prosperity. If one would put money into ventures which should benefit himself while enriching the community, he must be able to bias public opinion in their favor and direct currents of business. If the affair prospers, it will be for the reason that success is as much of the man as of thecircumstances. The following children have been born to Mr. AMSDEN: George W., Helen A. and John B. W. Mr. AMSDEN has become widely known as a man of influence in local affairs. Every politician of his faith seeks his counsel or co-operation. Himself seeking no office, he is a vigorous, racy specimen of a man grown wealthy by the homely arts possible to all; of decision, industry and economy.

Edwin K. AUSTIN, Litchfield, was born in the town of Becket, Berkshire Co., Mass., August 8, 1814; he received an academical education in his native State, and at the age of eighteen went to Kentucky, where he sold clocks for two years. From Kentucky he removed to West Tennessee, near Memphis, where he taught school, and also engaged in merchandising seven years, then removed to Northern Mississippi, where he taught private schools till 1861. He then moved North to Illinois, and settled on 120 acres of land in Montgomery County, near the eastern border of North Litchfield Township, and afterward added 120 acres more, which he farmed till 1866; in that year he sold out, with the intention of removing to the Southern States, but, owing to the changedrelation of the races after the war, he abandoned the idea, and, in 1868, purchased 186 acres of land, on which he resides. In Fayette County, Tenn., July 20, 1845, he married Marian W. HAWLEY, a native of New York, born February 25, 1821; they have two children - Edwin M. and Laura T. Mr. AUSTIN has taught school nearly seventeen years, which has seriously impaired his health.

Abram D. ATTERBURY, was born in Grayson County, Ky., February 26, 1827; passed his youth on the farm, and, at the age of twenty was apprenticed to the blacksmith's trade in Harlan County, Ky. In 1850, he came to Illinois, alone, and has ever since lived in the vicinity of Litchfield, where in the above year, he entered a quarter section of land, at $1.25 per acre. He afterward engaged in breaking prairie land, where Litchfield now stands, for two years, with an ox team; farmed one year, then worked at his trade at Zanesville two years, and at Litchfield two years; bought out JEFFRIES, and he and F. G. KESSINGER, now of Raymond, were the two blacksmiths of the place. In 1857, he settled on the quarter-section of land that he had first entered, where he has since resided, and, by the year 1862, had the entire 160 acres under cultivation. He has engaged largely in wheat-raising, with good success, and has added to his original purchase of land, until he now has 550 acres in this county, which he has acquired by his own efforts. In 1853, he married Mrs. Julia OGLE, of St. Clair County, Ill., widow of the late Joseph T. OGLE, by whom she had one child, Joseph T. OGLE, Jr., now a resident of this county. Mr. and Mrs. ATTERBURY are the parents of three sons - George W., James H. and Charles M. He is a member of the Methodist Church, of which he is District Steward and Trustee.

S. E. ALDEN was born in Hartford, Conn., December 15, 1819, and when nine years old, moved with his parents to Madison County, N. Y. When fourteen years of age, he began learning the carpenter and joiner's [Page 125] trade with his father, and remained in Cazenovia, Madison Co., N. Y., till he was twenty-one years old. In 1843, he went to New York, where he worked as a journeyman until 1851, when he took the Panama route to California, where he worked for a mining company as machinist and pattern-maker; he also prospected for a time, and afterward engaged as contractor and builder in San Francisco and Marysville, Cal., where he remained in business thirteen months, and the end of which time he returned to Cazenovia, N. Y. In 1855, he left Cazenovia and came West to Litchfield, Ill. His first work in Litchfield was on the buildings of the Terre Haute & Alton R. R., on which he worked two years, during which time the present depot was erected; he then went into business on his own account as a contractor and builder, and constructed many of the first buildings of Litchfield; he carried on business in the city and county principally until 1878, when he became foreman carpenter for the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railroad, and remained in that position three and a half years; he built the Montgomery County Court House in 1865, and a Methodist Episcopal Church at Hillsboro some time before. In Cazenovia, N. Y., in 1842, he married Cynthia H. RUSSELL, born in Connecticut July 6, 1824, third daughter of Jesse and Mary (ANDRUS) RUSSELL, natives of Connecticut, of Puritan stock, and parents of four sons and five daughters, all living save one; the RUSSELLs were for many generations strictPresbyterians and stanch Whigs; Jesse RUSSELL, father of Mrs. ALDEN, a blacksmith, and very skillful in his trade, was a fifer in the war of 1812, under Gen. Jackson; in 1825, he made a trip to Western New York, purchased a farm and sowed some grain, but became discouraged and returned to his old home in Connecticut; in 1828, however, he returned with his family and settled at Cazenovia, N. Y. Mr. and Mrs. ALDEN have four daughters, Mr. ALDEN is a descendant of one of the Pilgrim fathers; three brothers came over in the Mayflower by the name of ALDEN - John, Ezra, and one, name unknown, who died soon after landing; Ezra, the grandfather of our subject, was a well-to-do farmer, and lived at Greenwich, Mass.; he had six sons and three daughters; his second son, Samuel, the father of subject, was born near Greenwich, Mass., in August, 1793; he was a carpenter and joiner by trade, and worked at it at Hartford, Conn., until 1828, when he moved to Cazenovia, N. Y., where he died in January, 1854; his wife, Fanny ANDRUS, born in 1791, died December 1, 1874; they were the parents of three sons and three daughters, of whom our subject, Samuel E., is the eldest. The ALDENs were Presbyterians and Whigs.

Louis ALLEN, attorney at law, Litchfield, was born in Clinton, Ill., in 1852; he passed his youth on a farm in his native county. At the age of twenty-one years, he entered the McKendree College at Lebanon, Ill., and spent two years there. After teaching one term of school, he entered the Union College of Law at Chicago, Ill., in the fall of 1874, and graduated from it in June, 1876. In the fall of the following year, he located for practice at Litchfield, and has practiced in the courts of this county ever since; for two years he was City Attorney of Litchfield. In 1879, he married Miss Sophie BOND, of Clinton County.

Henry E. APPLETON, Vice President Litchfield Coal Company, Litchfield, was born in Hampshire, England, in 1828; he was raised on a farm, and, at the age of fourteen years, learned the trade of wagon-making near Southampton, England. He came to the United States in 1851, and located in Madison County, Ill., where he worked at carriage and wagon making until April, 1854, [Page 126] when he came to Litchfield with "Uncle Dick" O'BANNON, and here started the first carriage and wagon shop of the city, his place of business being the site of the market house. He carried on this manufacture until about 1867, he executing the wood work and Mr. JEFFERIS the blacksmithing. Mr. APPLETON was connected with the engineer'sdepartment on the construction of the Wabash Railroad while it was building. He becametime-keeper for Jefferis, Amsden, Benton & Co., at the coal mines, in about 1870, and, some time later, became a member of the Litchfield Coal and Mining Company; since theorganization of that company, he has held in it some official position, being several times its Assistant Superintendent, and now being its Vice President; for the last eleven years, he has given the coal mines his close attention. He is a member and also Vice President of the Litchfield Oil and Pipe Line Company. In 1853, at Ridgely, Ill., he married Miss HERNDON, of Madison County, Ill.; her death occurred in 1857. In 1875, he married a second time, the lady being Miss Alice BUTT, of Litchfield, of English birth.

Alfred BLACKWELDER, whose portrait appears in this work, was born in Cabarrus County, N. C., near Concord, July 17, 1811. He started from his home, October 4, 1834, on horseback, and came through to Illinois, reaching Union County in twenty-one days, where a sister lived, and he remained there until April, 1835, when he came to Hillsboro, where he found the Circuit Court in session in a log house. (He has helped to build three court houses since that time.) His earthly possessions, when he arrived here, were a small sorrel horse and $10 in money; he worked for $10 per month for three years, working first for Judge ROUNTREE, who held all the county offices,office-holding patriots being scarcer in those good old days than at present. He married, April 19, 1837, Miss Joanna SCHERER, daughter of Frederick SCHERER, of NorthCarolina, who came to this State about 1833. Mr. BLACKWELDER rented land until about 1840, when he bought eighty acres at $5 per acre, unimproved, in South Litchfield Township; be built on it a small farm house, and lived there about sixteen years, when he sold his farm to secure a larger tract for his growing boys, and, by exchange and purchase, secured 240 acres in the same locality, farmed it six years, and made great improvements upon it; when the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad was built, E. B. LITCHFIELD, through his agent, Maj. HUGGINS, bought this land at $20 per acre, and part of it became a portion of the town site of Litchfield. Mr. BLACKWELDER then bought of James TURNER 180 acres, and of John C. REED 240 acres, and these two tractscomprise the 420-acre farm of our subject, inclusive of his 100 acres of excellent timber. Very little or no improvements were made upon his land when Mr. BLACKWELDER purchased it, but he has so persistently and intelligently managed his possessions that it is at present in a high state of cultivation, and every acre is enclosed with fences. Since 1878, Mr. BLACKWELDER has relinquished the active management of his farm to his three sons; he has eight children living and married; four died when young; those living are Daniel Monroe, William Riley, Minerva C. (now Mrs. Robert MORRISON), Jacob Francis, David Alexander, John Martin, Harriet Louisa (now Mrs. Gideon DAVIS), Samuel Richard. All Mr. BLACKWELDER's sons are residents of Montgomery County, and all of them farmers; both sons-in-law are also residents of Montgomery County, and farmers. Mr. BLACKWELDER is a member of the Lutheran Church, and filled for twenty years the office of Deacon, or Elder, holding membership with [Page 127] his denomination for over fifty years. Mr. BLACKWELDER has always been a Democrat, casing his first Presidential vote for VanBUREN. His wife died January 31, 1876, being in her sixtieth year; they had been married almost forty years. The old gentleman says that, when the State road was laid out from Edwardsville to Taylorville, they plowed two furrows all the way through. Mr. BLACKWELDER has always been in favor of anything that might redound to the credit of his county, and is a man who has won and retained the respect of all.

James F. BLACKWELDER, physician, Litchfield. The BLACKWELDERs were originally from Germany, and settled in North Carolina before the Revolutionary war. The family namesignifies "black forest." Peter BLACKWELDER was born near Concord, Cabarrus Co., N. C., in 1810, and came to Illinois in 1832, accompanied by a cousin, Alfred BLACKWELDER; they settled in Hillsboro, and came all the way on horseback. They purchased land, and Peter at one time owned a half-section in North Litchfield Township; by trade, he was a carpenter, and, in addition to this, he engaged in farming. He was a Lutheran, and was the first Superintendent of the Sunday school organized at the Long Branch Schoolhouse. This was long before the city of Litchfield was planned and laid out. He was a quiet, unassuming, worthy man, and, politically, was a Free-Soil Democrat. He married Mrs. Nellie WAGONER, daughter of Frederick SCHERER, of this county; she bore him four sons and three daughters, all of whom are living except the youngest daughter, who died in infancy. Peter BLACKWELDER died in 1855, and his wife in 1853. They were the parents of our subject, Dr. James F. BLACKWELDER, who was born in Montgomery County, Ill., in what is now North Litchfield Township, on August 2, 1841; he was educated in the Lutheran College building, which was then known as Hillsboro Academy. In 1861, he began the study of medicine under Dr. I. W. FINK, of Hillsboro, where he read until he entered the St. Louis Medical College, taking his first course in 1863. The following year, he entered the Cincinnati College of Medicine and Surgery, from which he graduated in June, 1864. A few days later, he entered the army of Gen. SHERMAN, and was assigned to duty at Marietta, Ga., as Acting Assistant Surgeon in hospital service, and for four months served there and at Atlanta, Ga. He was next Assistant Surgeon for the Thirty-second Illinois Infantry, and followed its fortunes on the memorable march to the sea; he continued until mustered out, at Washington D. C., in 1865. On his return from the army, he practiced at Hillsboro, Ill., for some three years, and at Moro, Madison County, for about the same length of time. In June, 1871, he located permanently at Litchfield, where he has built up a large and lucrative practice. He is a member of the Montgomery County Medical Society, of which he has been Secretary, and has also a membership in the District Medical Society. The Doctor has two sons.

Daniel M. BLACKWELDER was born in Montgomery County, near Hillsboro, February 27, 1839, and was raised to a life of farming, attending, in the meantime, the schools in his section. At twenty-one years of age, he began farming for himself. In 1861, he married Miss Helena CRESS, a native of North Carolina. He bought ten acres of timber land, and lived for nine years on the homestead, during which time he added to the original purchase until his tract contained 125 acres. Mr. BLACKWELDER has of late years paid considerable attention to fine stock-raising, principally sheep and hogs. [Page 128] He has served nine years as School Director, and seven years as Commissioner of Highways; takes much interest in all improvements and in educational matters; he has two sons.

Henry Harrison BEACH, manufacturer, Litchfield, of Connecticut ancestry, is a native of Otsego County, N. Y., whence he was removed by his parents in his early childhood, to Erie County, same State. At the age of fourteen years, he entered a machine shop as apprentice, and, at a general shop at Rochester, completed his training. Continuing three years in the machine shops, he then ran an engine on the New York Central Railroad, and a construction train on the Great Western Railroad of Canada, and then became foreman of the shops of the Michigan Southern & Northern Indiana road. In 1854, when twenty-five years old, he was appointed Assistant Master Mechanic of the MichiganSouthern shops at Adrian. Three years later, Dyer WILLIAMS, the Master Mechanic, and Henry A. ANGEL, the owner of a foundry, together with our subject, visited the village of Litchfield, where they decided to build a foundry and machine shop, Mr. BEACH to be the manager, and resident, and business partner. Mr. BEACH, at this time, had become an accurate and accomplished machinist; he possessed a social disposition, good health, courage and hopefulness. These qualities constituted almost his entire capital. In August, 1857, the foundry was put in blast, and his machine shop, containing a few pieces of second-hand machinery and lathe engines, was ready for business. At this hour, the panic began; his venture appeared about to collapse; for, in a sparsely inhabited region, where the people were wedded to rustic implements and the soil, he was obliged to create a demand for his wares and labor; he had no rival shop between Alton and Terre Haute; various small loans made on the “street” delayed a catastrophe, and, when ruin seemed only a few days away, he bought, on credit, a portable mill for grinding corn, and, placing it in the loft of his machine shop, began the manufacture of Indian meal for the St. Louis market; by the profits of this humble enterprise, he tided over the first winter and spring, until the complete removal to this point of the railroad shops created an active demand on the resources of his shop and foundry. In 1860, Mr. ANGEL retired from the firm, and a couple of mill engines had established Mr. BEACH'sreputation as a builder of steam engines. In 1865, Mr. WILLIAMS ceased to be a partner, and a third interest in the concern was sold to D. C. AMSDEN, on the usual terms of payment, and the firm was thenceforward H. H. Beach & Co. Mr. BEACH was married, in 1866, to Elizabeth GAGE; he has been blessed with one child, Estelle H. At length, theprivate and industrial welfare of the city demanded cheap fuel at its doors, and in 1867 his firm bought real estate, and, with BEST & SPARKS, millers, guaranteed a large bonus for sinking a coal shaft. The experiment of seeking for coal at this point was a bold one, as no coal-field was known to exist nearer than twenty miles; the prospectorfailed, and a coal company, with a capital of $20,000, was formed, his firm being the largest stockholders; the company collapsed when its capital was exhausted, and the mine was not ready to raise coal; a second one, with a capital of $10,000, was organized, to continue the work, and again his firm was its chief supporter. When this company, burdened with a debt of $22,000, was unable to put the mine in working order, his firm, with a few individuals, assumed the debt, and advanced the funds to develop the mine. Three years' work and $50,000 were required to open it. The coal company, of which he is the head,[Page 129] Has disbursed in wages three-quarters of a million, and reduced the price of fuel totwo-thirds the previous price. Mr. BEACH was active in measures to secure the WabashRailroad, a railroad to Louisiana, Mo., and one to Springfield, Ill.; these two are not yet built, but the Jacksonville road, to which he also contributed, is in operation. In 1868, he became a member of the firm of Hagar & Seath, of Terre Haute, who desired to build a foundry and car works in that city; Mr. BEACH was the banker, and, when the investment became profitable, he retired; by his aid, Mr. SEATH now writes himself one of the solid men of Terre Haute. In 1871, he took one-third of the stock of the Litchfield Bank, which, proving a better thing for its officers than for its owners, he aided to close out their interests, and founded on its site the banking house of Beach, Davis & Co., whose success was its own, and whose misfortunes were a result of the panic of 1873, which, however, passed with no loss of stability or public confidence. The removal of the car shops left vacant a series of buildings well adapted for car works. Mr. BEACH and others conceived the design of forming a company to builds cars. Two Eastern gentlemen offered to supply the skill to operate the company, if other parties would supply the money; their offer was declined, and a home company organized, Mr. BEACH subscribing one-seventh of the stock. The companynominally failed in a few years, paying only 85 cents on the dollar. Again his aid was implored, and, by his personal assurances and engagements, the creditors were appeased; he also advanced thousands to J. B. L. KEATING, the brilliant grain merchant, who, paying out a couple of millions for grain, failed - as men trading on borrowed capital usually do. In 1875, his firm sold their plant to the car works, and the securities taken shrank to half their former value. He was called on to meet a vast amount of accommodation paper, and this, with other losses, scaled his fortune down to one-third its value in 1870; but he was an officer of the car works and the coal company, with a comfortable salary; he became the proprietor of a flouring-mill and elevator; he invested in the Indiana coal mines; he is the foremost man in the Oil and Pipe Line Company. Although Mr. BEACH began life without means or business connections, the enterprises which are indebted to him for existence, or for theirprosperity, have at times disbursed wages at the rate of a third of a million a year. His agency in securing water-works for the city is treated of more fully elsewhere in this work.

R. F. BENNETT, physician and surgeon, and Mayor of Litchfield, was born in Shelby County, Ill., on October 2, 1839; he resided there until he was nineteen years of age; he received a good education from the Moultrie County Seminary at Sullivan, Ill.; he left school at seventeen and began teaching, continuing two years. At the age of nineteen years, he began the study of medicine with Dr. HENRY, of Paradise, Coles County, where he continued two years, in the meantime attending two sessions at theCincinnati Eclectic Medical College, from which he graduated in 1861, and, in the spring of the following year, he located in Litchfield for the practice of his profession, in which he has since been actively engaged. In January, 1881, he formed a partnership with Dr. J. H. TILDEN, and the firm has a large and lucrative practice.September 1, 1891, our subject married Miss Lizzie STORM, of Shelby County, Ill. He is now serving his second term in the Montgomery County Eclectic Medical Society as its President; he was also President of the State Eclectic Medical Society, and is now its Treasurer. In [Page 130]Politics, he is a Republican. During 1880 and 1881, he was Mayor of Litchfield, and now serves his third term, being elected this third time by a large majority. Dr. BENNETT is esteemed as a citizen, popular in politics and valued as a physician. Dr. BENNETT has been blessed with two children - Harry, born June 12, 1871, and Mary, born May 10, 1876.

Josephus BARRY, deceased, was born in this county March 2, 1835, and married, December 29, 1858, Miss Mary M. McADAMS, settling on a farm of 160 acres, afterward buying at different times, until he owned, at his death, 240 acres of land; his death occurred January 8, 1877, his wife having passed over to the land of the hereafter July 4, 1868, leaving an only son, Charles BARRY, who was born March 23, 1860, who took charge of the homestead on reaching his majority, and who married, February 25, 1880, Lucy J.CORLEW, daughter of John CORLEW, of Montgomery County.

Isaac N. BARRY, farmer, was born in Hillsboro Township, Montgomery County, December 19, 1837, and, after receiving a fair education, began farming on eighty acres of land, with sixty acres in timber, which his father purchased for him in 1859-60; it was partly broken, and he has so added to his farm that he has at present 200 acres, principally in grain and for grazing. In 1868, he married Miss Margaret A. McADAMS, daughter of Thomas McADAMS, of this county, but of Kentucky nativity; he has one son and two daughters living, and one son and one daughter dead. Father John BARRY was born in Barren County, Ky., in July, 1806; his wife was Elizabeth ROBINSON, who had one son, Wilson, who came to Montgomery County in 1830, locating five miles southwest of Hillsboro, where he passed his days; he served as Justice of the Peace two terms; he was an Old-School Baptist and a Democrat; he was for many years owner of the PepperGrist-Mills, which stood on part of his estate; he died March 6, 1876, in his seventiethyear; his wife died June 8, 1868; they had a family of nine children, all of whom grew to maturity except one; they were Wilson, Susan J., Elizabeth A., Josephus, Isaac Newton, John Robinson, William Scott, Palmyra C. and Sarah A.

Stephen R. BRIGGS, deceased, was born near Zanesville, Ohio, in 1812, and, when twelve months old, his father moved to Illinois, making his home at Edwardsville over two years, when he moved to the territory of this county in the spring of 1816. Our subject lived in this county until his death, on May 13, 1872; he entered several tracts of land in North Litchfield; his original home was eighty acres three and a half miles from the present city of Litchfield; he was in the ranger service, and crossed the Western plains, being over sixty days on the way, and a portion of that time was fed on half rations. At one time, Mr. BRIGGS was the owner of 500 acres of land; he wasconsidered a very successful farmer, being unfortunate only in giving his name to friends as surety, and in consequence being obliged to liquidate the debts of others during the latter part of his life. For eleven years, he was Associate Judge of his county, acting with the Democratic party until the war, when he joined the Republican ranks, holding that the Democratic party had drifted away from him. In 1839, he married Miss Paulina W. WOOD, daughter of James WOOD, of Sangamon County, Ill.; she was born in Virginia in 1823, and died on May 18, 1881; they had a family of ten children, seven of whom are living. James M. BRIGGS is the oldest living child, born in Montgomery County, Ill., on October 4, 1842; he obtained a fair common-school education by attending school in the [Page 131] winters, after the corn was gathered in. On attaining his majority, he began farming on the homestead, and, after the war, owned land in that vicinity. In 1876, he came to his present place, and here engaged in the ice trade, erecting in that year a building with a capacity of 2,000 tons, being eighty-four by sixty feet, twenty feet high, and located on the reservoir; this ice building is to be connected by a side-track with the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railroad. Since his commencement, he has done an excellent retail business in the city of Litchfield. In 1877, he married Miss Crilla BRANDLE, who bore him one son.

Robert BRIGGS was born May 10, 1824, on the place now belonging to Green BANDY's heirs, in this township, son of Robert and Polly (LOCKHART) BRIGGS. Robert BRIGGS, Sr., was born in Pennsylvania, and emigrated to Ohio at a very early day, finally coming to Illinois. During the troublous Indian times, he took refuge in a fort atEdwardsville, and there joined old Capt. Sam WHITESIDES in excursions against the red devils at Rock Island; the Indians, according to the old gentleman, seemed to be as thick as the grass on the prairies. They remained in the fort about two years - mother and three children - the husband going out to hunt with others for provisions. The grandfather of our subject was also in the fort, and was a great hunter and Indian fighter. Robert, on leaving the fort, about 1814, settled on Lake Fork, near where Walshville now stands, but a man named BAKER entered the land over Robert's head, thereby dispossessing him of all the improvements he had put on the land; he then settled on land now belonging to Bluford BANDY's heirs, upon which he built a cabin and commenced raising corn; he sold his crops in St. Louis. He raised ten children. Robert, our subject, remained at home until he was twenty-six years of age, when he married, October 9, 1849, Miss Penelope PETTY, of Tennessee. Having entered forty acres of land near where Raymond now stands, he lived there a few years, when, his parents becoming old and feeble, he went to take care of them, all the other children having left home to do for themselves. Mr. BRIGGS moved to his present place March 4, 1861, and has since lived there. He has two children, and one dead. Pleasant and Burd, his two sons, are at home.

H. L. BENEPE, proprietor Phoenix Hotel, Litchfield, was born in New Philadelphia, Ohio, in 1834, but was raised in Wayne County, where he lived, receiving his education in St. Joseph College, in Somerset, Ohio. In 1858, he came West and settled in Columbia, Boone Co., Mo., where he engaged in the manufacture of plows and wagons, and the livery business, until 1874, during part of that period constructing large contracts of macadamized streets in the city of Columbia. He next came to Litchfield and bought his present hotel, naming it the Phoenix, after having renovated and repaired it from top to bottom; he has conducted it ever since, except during a period of fourteen months, when he rented it to look after other interests; he has the only three-story hotel in the city, and his house contains thirty-five rooms and three sample rooms; he is located near the Indianapolis & St. Louis depot, and runs a free omnibus to all the railroad depots; an obliging landlord and a good house make the Phoenix a hotel a fair reputation.

Charles BALLWEG, dealer in liquors, Litchfield, was born in Baden, Germany, on February 15, 1843, and came to the United States with his parents when he was nine years old; in the summer of 1852, his parents located in Adams County, Penn., and he received his education in the Abbottstown,[Page 132] Penn., schools; in the spring of 1863, he came to Minnesota, and was a dealer in liquors; he kept a restaurant in St. Paul in 1864 and 1865; he went thence to Winona and represented a wholesale liquor house of tat city, traveling in the Western States two years, when he located in Rochester, Minn., where he remained until the fall of 1872, being a dealer in liquors and keeping a billiard hall. In 1873, he came to Litchfield and engaged in his present business, which is the wholesale and retail sale of liquors; he carries on business on the corner of State and Ryder streets, and does a prosperous business. He was a dealer in grain in the firm of Ballweg & Gilmore, and had the mill elevator from 1875 to the summer of 1876, when Gilmore retired, and our subject continued in the business for several years. In politics, he is a prominentDemocrat, having been a member of the Central Committee of the county, and of theCongressional Committee; several times he has been a delegate to the Congressional and State conventions.

J. R. BLACKWELL, grocer, Litchfield, was born in Fayette County, Ill., in February, 1844, the city of his birth being Vandalia, the old capital of the State, where he lived about ten years, when he moved thence to Hillsboro, Ill., at which place he lived with his uncle, the Hon. J. T. ECELES; in June, 1861, at the age of sixteen years, he enlisted in the Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, under Col. Richard J. OGLESBY, his company being B, under Capt. STURGIS; under the call for three-months'volunteers, he served three months, during which time the regiment was quartered at Cairo, Ill.; on July 5, 1862, he re-enlisted, at Hillsboro, in the One Hundred andSeventeenth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, in Company B, under Capt. R. McWILLIAMS; heparticipated in the campaign from Vicksburg to Meridian, Miss., in the Red River campaign, in Arkansas and Tennessee, in the Nashville and For Blakely campaigns, the Tupelo and Price campaigns, in the campaign against Hood in Middle Tennessee, and in the Mobile campaign; thence to Montgomery, Ala., where the regiment was at the close of the war; in all, his regiment marched 2,187 miles, traveled by rail 778 miles, and by water 6,191 miles; they captured two stand of colors and 442 prisoners of war; Mr.BLACKWELL never was wounded, taken prisoner, off duty, nor in the hospital; he was mustered out on July 5, 1865, and would have veteranized if the war had continued; on his return from the army, he studied law with Maj. McWILLIAMS, of Litchfield, where he located for practice, begin admitted to the bar in 1867; he practiced his profession here four years; from 1869 to 1877, he served as Postmaster of Litchfield, and went out under the general order of President Hayes that no re-appointments be made when there was a contest and the incumbent had served eight years; the largest number of names ever signed to a petition was sent to the department from this place,indorsing him and asking for his re-appointment; the petition contained the indorsement of Senator R. J. OGLESBY, Gov. BEVERIDGE and Congressman Gen. J. S. MARTIN, the petitioners numbering 1,500. He was Alderman from the Second Ward two years, and was defeated for Mayor in 1878 by a small majority; in that year, he engaged in mercantilebusiness at Benton, Ill., continuing about two years, when he returned to Litchfield and here engaged in the grocery business; he has now a model grocery, on Kirkham street, called the “Wabash Store,” and is doing a leading business. In 1866, he married Miss Hattie, daughter of Rev. P. P. Hamilton, of Litchfield; she died in 1878; to them were born three children, two girls and one boy. He re- [Page 133] married, in 1879, Miss Alice, daughter of Rev. Hugh CORRINGTON. Robert BLACKWELL, the father of our subject, was born near Shelbyville, Ky., in 1802; he learned the trade of printing at Hopkinsville, Ky., and, when a young man, came to Illinois, locating at Kaskaskia in 1815, at which place he became editor of the first paper ever printed in the State; it had been established shortly before the time of his arrival, by Mathew DUNCAN, who was also from Shelbyville, Ky.; the paper was styled the IllinoisIntelligencer. Mr. BLACKWELL became public printer of the new State, and was at one time State Auditor; he was twice elected to the State Senate from that district in Illinois. When the capital was removed from Kaskaskia to Vandalia, he removed there, and resided there thirty years, during which time he was engaged in mercantile business, being a long time the partner of William H. BROWNING, late of Chicago; he died in 1870, leaving one son and two daughters by his second marriage, their mother being a sister of Hon. J. T. ECCLES, of Hillsboro. He was three times married, his first wife, who bore him no children, being a sister of Dr. STAPP, of Decatur, Ill.;his widow, nee Miss Mary SLUSSER, from Ohio, lives at Vandalia; his demise leaves a vacancy felt by the public, and one not easily filled.

William M. BEINDORF, manufacturer, Litchfield, was born in Prussia, Germany, in the city of Essen, on January 24, 1838. When but ten years of age, he came to the United States with his mother and settled in La Fayette, Ind. In his seventeenth year, he began to learn the machinist's trade in the shop of Joseph HABLER, where he served three years' apprenticeship and one year as journeyman; he then entered the employ of the La Fayette & Indianapolis Railroad Company, in the machine department, where he remained two years, removing thence to Fort Wayne, Ind., where he worked two years for the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railroad Company. In 1863, he came to Litchfield, where he worked in the railroad shops seven years, and afterward engaged his services to H. H. BEACH & C., remaining with them two years. After the organization of the Litchfield Car Manufacturing Company, he worked for them a year. In 1875, he opened his present machine shop in Litchfield, which has been in active operation ever since; he employs five hands in the manufacture of threshing engines and wagons of superior quality, and in doing a general repairing business. In Fort Wayne, Ind., in 1863, he married Miss Kate D. MYERS, who is the mother of his three children.

James W. BUTTS, plasterer, Litchfield, was born in Greenbrier County, Va., now West Virginia, in 1844, and lived in that place until 1862. His first service was in the Fiftieth Virginia Infantry Regiment, White's division, under Joe Johnston; he was sixteen years old when he enlisted, and in the regiment mentioned he served eighteen months; he fought in the Confederate army in the battles of Fort Donelson, Five Oaks,Williamsburg, Malvern Hill and Gaines' Mill; he was captured by the Illinois troops in the seven-days' fight at Malvern Hill, and taken to Washington, D. C., whence he was sent to Camp Chase, where he took the oath, in August, 1862, and enlisted in theForty-fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry in November, same year; his regiment was assigned to duty in Kentucky, and he fought in the battles of Somerset, Ky., Knoxville, Tenn., and in other minor engagements, until June 29, 1863, when he was honorably discharged on account of disability. He then located in Columbus, Ohio, where he recovered, and he again enlisted, this time in the Thirteenth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, in July, 1864, and joined the[Page 134]Army of the Potomac, and participated in the battle of Harper's Ferry, the siege of Richmond, and in all battles up to the surrender of Lee; he was the Third Brigade of the Second Division of Sheridan's Thirteenth Cavalry Corps, and was mustered out at Columbus, Ohio, July 21, 1865. Among his many engagements were the battle of Boyden's Plank Road, Stony Creek, Five Forks, Farmersville and Appomattox; he was wounded in the arm at Dinwiddie Court House on March 31, 1865, by a pistol ball. After the war, he began business as clerk in the woodyard of LANE & EARLY, and remained with them six months. He removed to Iroquois County, Ill., and settled on a farm near Onarga, where he engaged in farming until 1869, when he came to Montgomery County, Ill., and lived at Butler and at Hillsboro, working at various employments until 1873, when he located in Litchfield and learned the plasterer's trade, working one year with G. W. JACKSON and two years with John K. MILNOR. Completing his trade, he worked as partner of Mr. MILNOR two years; since that, he has been a contractor for himself, working from two to three other men, with good success. In 1873, Mr. BUTTS married Miss Jennie ALLEN, of Litchfield.

William E. BACON, real estate agent, Litchfield, was born in March, 1821, in Onondaga County, N. Y., where he lived until he was thirteen years of age, when he spent two years in Michigan, at a branch school of Michigan University, of Monroe, going thence to New York State again, where he acted as clerk in Cazenovia for a time, and then went into mercantile business at Fabius, in his native county, as the partner of Elisha C. LITCHFIELD, a relative of his, who was a Director of the Michigan Southern Railroad, and through him obtained the position of Paymaster on the railroad, which he held five years, after which he became Chief Clerk in the Superintendent's office, under General Superintendent Samuel BROWN. In 1856, he resigned, in order to come here, where he learned the shops of the Terre Haute, Alton & St. Louis Railroad were to be located, his informant being Mr. LITCHFIELD, who was one of the originators and builders of the road, and the man for whom the city was named. Mr. BACON came to Litchfield in October, 1856, and established the first lumber-yard and planning-mills, conducting a prosperous business two years. Selling out, he became the real estate agent for Mr. LITCHFIELD, disposing of property at this point, at Gillespie and at Pana; he also prepared the first abstract of titles for this city. In 1872, he became Secretary of the Litchfield Car Manufacturing Company, which position he retained until August, 1880, when he devoted his entire attention to real estate. Mr. BACON is a practical surveyor; he has taken an active interest in the affairs of the city since its organization, having been its first Mayor, and re-elected to that position, since which time he as served as Alderman. The father of our subject was a native of Vermont, and a distinguished physician and surgeon, who died in New York. William E. BACON is the youngest son.


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