A number of the large landowners of Sullivan Township, Moultrie County, who have passed through hard struggles and by their industry and perseverance have attained the point where they may rest from labor, are retiring from business and making their homes in Sullivan, than which no place is probably more delightful in which to seek comfort. Our subject, who is a retired farmer, came to the city from his farm in 1890, having been for many years a stock buyer and shipper and still owns eleven hundred and forty acres in Sullivan Township, most of which is improved, the remainder of it being well stocked and used as pasture land.
Mr. Patterson is a native of this township, being born here when it was known as a part of Shelby County, his natal day being September 28, 1836. All of his fine estate was prairie land when he took it and he has himself brought it to its present splendid condition and has been a successful man in every endeavor of his life.
David Patterson, the father of our subject, came to this part of Illinois in 1833 after having lived for a few years in Edgar County. Later in life he returned to his native home in Marshall County, Tenn., where he died in 1867 at the age of sixty years, being followed two years later by his wife. She was a native of Pennsylvania, Polly Harbaugh by name, and her parents belonged to that class known as Pennsylvania Dutch. They removed to Kentucky and later to what is now Moultrie County, becoming pioneers and living here to a green old age. David Patterson and his wife were members of the Christian Church, and they were always successful in life. Mr. Patterson was a Democrat in his political views and at an early day under the old law he had been Associate County Judge and also held other local offices.
Our subject is the fifth in a family of seven children, four of whom are yet living, are married, and reside in this county. The first marriage of our subject united him with Naomi Henry, who died leaving him one child, Mary, who followed her to the spirit land within seven days. This young wife was a native of Shelby County and made her home in Illinois through life.
The second marriage of Mr. Patterson took place in Moultrie County and gave to him as a companion Miss Matilda Souther who was born in this county and who also died while young, leaving one child, Carrie, who grew to be an attractive and beautiful young woman and married Elias Woodruff. She, like her mother, died during her early wedded life, passing away in the summer of 1890, leaving one daughter - Ethel by name. The present Mrs. Patterson was known in her maidenhood as Miss Susie Ireland. She is a native of Kentucky and came when a young woman to Illinois where she met and married Mr. Patterson. She is the mother of four children, namely: Wesley, who took to wife Miss Florney Wagoner, and lives upon a farm in Sullivan Township with his wife and two children - Montie and Ora; the three other children are still beneath the parental roof and bear the names of Gertie B., Levi L. and Louie G. Mrs. Patterson is a member of the Christian Church of Sullivan and is an active and earnest promoter of all Christian work. Mr. Patterson has been three terms the Supervisor of Sullivan Township and has held other local offices. He takes a genuine interest in political movements, being a decided Democrat in his convictions and an earnest worker for the prosperity of his county. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Daniel M. Patterson
A popular young artist and writer of the present day has said that one never sees the picturesque until she has been roughly handled by man and has outlived the hard usage; that the picturesque quality comes only after the ax and the saw have let the sunlight into the dense tangle of the forest, and scattered the falling timber, or the water-wheel has divided the rush of the brook. This is so in any condition of nature, for in the constructive period there is always a crudeness that strikes the artistic sensibilities unpleasantly. But in farming we do not care so much for the picturesque "tangle of vines and darkness of forest." He who most diligently combats the encroachment of weeds, briars and stones, and smooths, enriches and makes productive and fruitful the fields and orchards and garden patch is the one whom we most admire in his agricultural calling. Such an [sic] one is our subject, who is the owner of three hundred acres of finely cultivated and fertile land located on section 13, of Sullivan Township.
Mr. Patterson knows no other State by actual experience than that in which he now resides. He was born in Moultrie County, November 9, 1839, and is a son of William and Margaret (Carriker) Patterson, natives of Union County, this State. (For a fuller sketch of William Patterson refer to another portion of this volume.) The father of our subject had two brothers and two sisters, also two half-brothers and one half-sister. His marriage took place in Southern Illinois, and his advent was made into this county when settlers were few and the land very little cultivated, coming hither about 1836. Upon the farm above mentioned he of whom we write found the Alpha of life, and there he was reared, receiving what educational advantages when a boy that the district schools afforded. Life was not, however, barren to the young man. Indeed, the writer questions if it is ever so to youth in its sanguine, fresh young years-for there were recreations then as now-hay rides, nutting parties, barbecues, husking bees and apple parties, and with work and play, the young man was developing in every direction to the perfection of manhood, and taught five terms of school. In 1864 he was united in marriage with Ellen J. Hoke, a daughter of Frederick Hoke. She was born in Moultrie County. Soon after marriage, the young couple settled where they now reside, his father having given him forty acres of timber land, and here he started to make a home about the year 1870. It was a new experience for the young man, as for several years previous to this he had been engaged in clerking in a store in the town of Sullivan. He, however, bent his energies to the work in hand, and has been successful to a flattering degree. He is now the owner of three hundred acres of land in an excellent condition and bearing good improvements.
Mr. and Mrs. Patterson are the parents of four children. The eldest daughter, Orpha, is the wife of Oscar Rose. The three other children are Nora, Ezra and Lura. All the political interests of the gentleman of whom we write are centered in the Democratic party, every plank of its platform having to him a good and logical reason for being. He has been an Assessor of the township. He and his wife are members of the Christian Church, of which they are generous and liberal supporters. Mr. Patterson has such qualities of character and mind as insure him success in whatever line of thought or action his judgment should direct him to become a participator in. Just and generous, broad-minded and liberal, all his aims and ambitions are for the upbuilding of the best tone, socially mentally and morally of the locality in which he lives.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Jonathan Patterson, familiarly known throughout this part of the State as "Dock" Patterson, belongs to a family of Scotch origin, the grandfather of our subject having been a native of the Highlands of Scotland, where he received thorough training and education and when a young man came with Gen. Lafayette to the United States, where he served as a soldier through the latter part of the Revolutionary War. He afterward settled in Tennessee and there married his first wife, who died while in the prime of life in Marshall County. After her death Mr. Patterson removed to Muhlenberg County, Ky., and there met and married his second wife and came to Illinois in 1828. His son, David, father of our subject, came to Illinois the same year, traveling overland with an ox-team and a horse, the horse being hitched in front of the oxen. They brought their household goods with them and after stopping for a short time in Edgar County, continued their travels in the same way to Moultrie County, which they reached in March, 1833. After visiting in Shelby County they finally settled near Sullivan, this county, and here David Patterson, the father of our subject, began life as a pioneer in the wilds of the new country. He helped to lay out the present city of Sullivan and spent his last years here, dying in October, 1867. His wife survived him for two years and passed away at an advanced age. By her marriage to David Patterson she had four sons and three daughters, four of whom are still living.
David Patterson, the father of our subject, was born in Tennessee in 1806 and he was yet a young man when he came to Illinois, and here he married Polly Harbaugh, whose parents, Jacob and Nancy (Hill) Harbaugh, were of Pennsylvania Dutch stock and came from West Pittsburg, Pa., traveling down the Ohio River on a flatboat, making the first settlement in Muhlenberg County, Ky. After the marriage of their daughter, Polly, with David Patterson, the family came to Illinois and settled in what is now Moultrie Country in the year 1833, and here Mr. and Mrs. Harbaugh spent their last years and died of old age. They were well-known and highly respected among the pioneers of this part of the State. After David Patterson and his wife settled in this county they took a farm and improved it and spent the remainder of their days here. Mr. Patterson died while on a visit in Marshall County, Tenn., in October, 1866, but his remains were brought home and lie in the cemetery at Sullivan. His wife died in August, 1869. They were members of the Christian Church and personal friends of Dr. Alexander Campbell. Mr. Patterson was a prominent man in the Democratic ranks and for many years served as Justice of the Peace and School Commissioner for a long while. He was County Judge for twelve years and helped to organize the county and to get the bill through the Legislature, and also assisted in locating the county seat.
"Dock" Patterson was the first born of his parents, his natal day being October 1, 1827, and his native place being in Muhlenberg County, Ky. He was thus not quite a year old when his parents came to Edgar County, this State, and was yet a child when they continued their migration to this county. He received a log schoolhouse education and grew to manhood, taking up the occupation of a farmer and stock-raiser. For forty years back he has been the favorite auctioneer at sales of stock all over the county, and indeed throughout this portion of the State. In 1883 he came to Sullivan and bought a livery stable which he is now managing on North Main Street. Our subject was married in this county to Miss Julia A. Souther, who was born in Kentucky, October 10, 1829. She came north with her parents in the fall of 1833 and received her training and education in this county. She is a woman of unusual ability, a faithful wife and affectionate mother. Of their seven children four are deceased, namely: John, Mary, William A. and Charles H., while those who remain in this life are, Sarah, the wife of Mack D. Philhower, a conductor on the Sante Fe Railroad, residing in Pekin, Ill., and Nancy and Katie who are at home with their parents. The positions of Deputy Sheriff and Constable have for nine years been filled by Mr. Patterson and he has also been Township Collector. His political views ally him with the Democracy and he is a member of the Blue Lodge of Masons, at Sullivan. Both he and his lovely wife are identified with the Christian Church in which he has served as Deacon. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Dr. Patterson, of the firm of Meeker & Patterson, attorneys-at-law and real estate and insurance agents of Sullivan, was born in Moultrie County, December 18, 1849. The family has been prominently connected with this county for many years. The grandfather of our subject, Levi Patterson, was born in Shelby County, Tenn., of American parentage and was one of a large family which was well represented in the War of 1812. One of the brothers was wounded while fighting under Jackson at the battle of New Orleans. Levi Patterson was a young man when he removed to Illinois, locating in Union County, where he grew to manhood on a farm. He married Mrs. Jane Penrod, nee Beggs, a native of Tennessee, who had lost her first husband in this State.
After his marriage, Levi Patterson settled on a new farm in Union County which he cultivated and improved and which is yet known as the old Patterson homestead. In 1836 he came with his family to Moultrie County, locating in Sullivan Township where he entered Government land and upon the farm which he there developed made his home until his death on the 10th of June, 1849. His first wife died soon after they came to this county and he married a lady of Irish birth. Miss Anna Patterson. After his death she became the wife of a Mr. Simmons and was called to her final rest in 1875 at the age of fifty years. Levi Patterson was a Methodist in early life but later joined the Christian Church and was one of its original founders in this county. Honest and upright, he had the respect and confidence of all who knew him and well deserves mention among the pioneers of this locality.
Jonathan Patterson or "Donty" Patterson, as he was commonly known, was the father of our subject. When a youth of fourteen years he accompanied his parents to Moultrie County, and in Sullivan Township spent his boyhood days. His school privileges were limited and he bore the usual experiences of pioneer life. Having attained to mature years he determined to make a home for himself and on horseback returned to Union County, Ill., where he married Pearlina Carriker. With his bride he returned, traveling a distance of two hundred miles on horseback and in true frontier style they began their domestic life but by energy, perseverance and good business ability he became one of the wealthiest men in the county. Public spirited and progressive, Mr. Patterson was a valued citizen and did much the best interests of the community. He built one of the finest homes in the county, erected a large mill in Sullivan, sunk a coal shaft at that place and afterward became a director in a proposed railroad which, however, was never built. He also aided in sinking an artesian well on the square and in those two enterprises lost $20,000. Any industry calculated to benefit the community received his support. He loved to aid in every good work of improvement and did what he could toward the promotion of every reform. The cause of temperance found in him a warm friend and his labors to suppress the saloons were untiring. He canvassed Central Illinois, making speeches in favor of prohibition and cast his last vote for the Prohibition party. He had previously voted with the Democracy. Some years before his death he became an invalid but as far as possible he continued his works for the best interests of the community. For some years he was Deacon in the Christian Church and died in that faith September 13, 1878.
As before stated, Mr. Patterson wedded Miss Carriker, who was born in Union County, Ill., January 12, 1824, and there resided until her marriage. She still lives on a farm near Sullivan and is well preserved for a lady of her years. She, too, is a member of the Christian Church and has many warm friends in this locality. D. R. Patterson was educated in the public schools and for some years engaged in farming. On the 1st of January, 1880, he began reading Blackstone in Judge Meeker's office, where he now a partner, and after a year was elected Police Magistrate, which office he yet fills. In the meantime he practiced law in a small way until November 1890, when he was admitted to the bar, since which time he has devoted his entire energies to the profession. The firm was established in January 1891, and ranks high at the county bar. Combined with the experience of the older member is the energy and activity of the younger one which insures their success.
Mr. Patterson wedded Miss Ruth Leatherman, who was born in Lawrence County, Ind., in 1843, and when seven years old was brought by her father, Peter Leatherman, to Douglas County, Ill. Her mother had died in Indiana. After following farming for a number of years her father removed to Kansas in February, 1878, and a year later was called to his final rest. Mrs. Patterson became a successful teacher, having passed three years as a teacher in Sullivan Academy, and at one time numbered among her pupils the gentleman to whom she has since given her hand in marriage. Their children are: Oscar L., who was graduated from the Sullivan schools at the age of sixteen years; Harvey and Ernest at home, and Nathan D., now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Patterson and their children are members of the Christian Church and the family are prominent in public and social affairs. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William Patterson, a general farmer and stock-raiser living near the city of Sullivan, Moultrie County, which place has grown from an unbroken prairie to its present populous condition since he came here in the spring 1836, is one of the old timers of the county, and was a merchant for several years in Sullivan. He came here prior to the winter which is so famous in the annals of the county as being marked by the "sudden change" in temperature, when ice froze several inches thick in fifteen minutes according to the traditions of the old inhabitants. Mr. Patterson took his farm when it was mostly unbroken prairie, and has achieved success, although at one time he lost a modest fortune. He still owns an excellent farm of more than one hundred acres which is well improved. but most of his property is within the city limits. While he was engaged in the mercantile business he was unfortunate and met with heavy losses, but has recovered from them. He was here before the county was changed from Shelby to Moultrie, and in the early days wild game was abundant, and he says that he has seen as many as forty deer together at one time.
Mr. Patterson is a native of this State, being born in Union County, August 6, 1817. His father, Levi Patterson, was a native of Kentucky, and his grandfather, James Patterson, was a Virginian by birth, and prominent in the War of 1812, fighting with Jackson at the battle of New Orleans, and being one of the regiments that met, defeated and slew Gen. Packingham. He is now interred in the soil of Sullivan County, having spent his last years in this region and dying in old age. His religious belief had led him to connect himself with the Baptist Church, and his political opinions allied him with the Democratic party.
Levi Patterson was reared in Kentucky, and there married Jane Penrod, a Tennessean by birth and education, and the young couple soon emigrated to Illinois, settling at an early day in Union County, where all their children were born. In 1836 the whole household removed to what is now Moultrie County, traveling a distance of just two hundred miles, which trip, at that time traveling with team and covered wagon, occupied one month.
Levi Patterson entered a large tract of Government land which was at that time known as the "Lost Land," the Government's first survey having been lost. Here he lived and died, passing away at the age of fifty-five years, an earnest member of the Christian Church in his religious belief, and a staunch Democrat in politics. He was twice married and both wives brought to him children, and died in this county. Our subject is the second child by his father's first marriage, and he has all the experience of a pioneer, and loves to tell the story of the log schoolhouse with its stick chimney, puncheon floor and rough seats. After reaching his majority, he returned to Union County to claim his bride in the person of Miss Margaret Carriker, a native of that county where her parents had settled at an early date, coming there from North Carolina. They came of Dutch stock, and belonged to old and highly esteemed North Carolina families and, died in Union County full of years. For more than half a century Mr. Patterson and his faithful and devoted wife have labored together and she is now in rather poor health, while Mr. Patterson is still robust and active. They were both members of the Christian Church, and helped to organize that body here, being among its charter members, and Mr. Patterson acting as Deacon for years. He had held some local offices of trust and responsibility, and has always adhered to the principles of the Democratic party, and at present the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association claims his allegiance.
A truly patriarchal family, is that of Mr. and Mrs. Patterson, six children having passed to the other shore, and eight being still upon this side. They are as follows: Daniel, who took to wife Ellen Hoke, and now farms in Sullivan Township; William J., who is in the same line of work, and married Rebecca Lynder; Bushrod, who married Miss Kate Blackwell, who has died, and who now makes his home with his father while managing a farm in this township; George, who took to wife Miss Lyda Glabrook, and now lives on a farm in Whitley Township, this county; Belle, who lives at home; Maggie, who is the wife of Stephen Underwood, and lives on a farm in this township; and Sarah, is the wife of Richard Palmer, and lives in Nelson Township; and Sue A., wife of John Ham, and lives in Washington State. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Robert M. Peadro
Robert M. Peadro, attorney-at-law, has successfully engaged in the practice of his profession in Sullivan since 1882, and has won for himself a prominent place at the Moultrie County bar. Although a native of Campbell County, Ky., he has been a resident of Illinois since his boyhood, his parents having located in Moultrie County at an early day. His father, B. G. Peadro, made a settlement in Whitley Township, where he engaged in farming until his death, which occurred in April, 1887, at the age of about sixty-five years. He was one of the prominent citizens of the community and his ability well enabled him to be a leader of the people. He was well educated, was one of the best authorities on history in Illinois and owned a very fine library, containing the works of the best authors, with whom he was very familiar. In politics he was a Democrat and in religious belief was a Baptist. His wife, whose maiden name was Catherine Stillwell, still survives him and makes her home on the old farm. She has been a life-long member of the Baptist Church and is beloved by all who know her. In the family were the following children: O. L., a farmer of Whitley Township, this county; E. C., a breeder of fine blooded stock in Whitley Township; and John J., who is now studying law with our subject. With one exception all of these gentlemen have taught in the public schools of this county.
Robert Peadro, whose name heads this sketch, was one of the successful educators of the county for several years and has ever been a friend to the interests of the school. At about the time he attained his majority he began the study of law with the prominent attorney, Horace S. Clarke, of Mattoon, and after two years was admitted to the bar in 1875. After a short time spent in Mattoon, he went to Texas and engaged in the practice of his profession at Round Rock, Williamson County, for five years. He was prospering in that locality, having an excellent practice, but as he did not wish to rear his family in that State, he returned to Illinois and established an office in Sullivan.
In Moultrie County, Mr. Peadro was united in marriage with Miss Lucretia B. Harbaugh, daughter of David Harbaugh, who is mentioned in the sketch, of Frank M. Harbaugh, on another page of this work. She was reared near Sullivan and educated in the city schools, after which she became a teacher, following that profession for some years. A lady of culture and refinement, she moves in the highest social circles and has many friends among the best citizens of this community. In the household are two children, Earl and Bernice.
In his political affiliations Mr. Peadro is a staunch Democrat and is now occupying the position of City Treasurer, the duties of which office he discharges faithfully and well. He possesses business ability of a high order and the foremost place which he has won at the bar is well merited by his talents. He has a wide reputation as a councilor and is rapidly acquiring a very extensive practice, which yields him a good income. He has one of the finest and largest law libraries in the city and few men are better read in any profession than is Mr. Peadro in that which he has chosen for his life work. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Samuel S. Peters
A native of the Prairie State and prominent in agricultural, political and church circles in Sullivan Township, Moultrie County, is the staunch and worthy citizen whose name appears at the head of this article. He was born in Clark County, this State, November 11, 1834 and is a son of Andrew and Susan (Mitchell) Peters. The father was born and grew to manhood in the Green Mountain State and afterward removed with his parents to Ohio, where they located on a farm, which is now a portion of the city of Cincinnati, and there they died. The father of our subject was married in Ohio, his wife being a native of Wardford County, Ky. They emigrated from the Buckeye State to Illinois at a very early day in the history of this State. This wife was called hence by death and Mr. Peters married again, the second wife being the mother of our subject. Two children were born to her, the second son, Oliver, being four years younger than Samuel. He married Love Clarke, and now resides in Iroquois County, this State. On the paternal side the family is of English ancestry and was established in Vermont at an early date in the colonization of New England.
The early life of our subject was spent on his father's farm in Clark County, and he was only twenty years of age when he was united in marriage with Miss Mary Saveree whose father, John, was a Frenchman and her mother, Eliza, a native of Ohio. Mrs. Peters is the second child in her father's family, of whom five are now living, namely; Jeremiah, now a widower, who resides in his native county; Cynthia A., who married James Hadley and died on the homestead in Clark County; Elizabeth, who became the wife of John L. Collier and resides in Clark County; John M., who married Mary Bell and lives in Vincennes, Ind., having served through the war as a soldier; Cynthia J., John W. and William, died in early life, the latter in the army at the age of sixteen years. He was a member of an Illinois regiment.
The father of Mrs. Peters died when she was ten years old and her mother married Fred Hilbert, who served as a soldier during the war in an Illinois regiment. Three children were born of this marriage, namely: Angeline, now Mrs. Nitzman and Henderson and Henry. The last named is now deceased. The mother passed away in Clark County in 1883. The five children who were born to Mr. and Mrs. Peters are as follows: Susie, who is now the widow of Nelson Fred and resides with her parents; Elizabeth, who died in infancy; John Andrew, who married Ellen Wheeler and is farming in Missouri; William, who is unmarried and lives at home with his parents and Mildra, who married Mr. G. M. Stivers, a druggist at Bement, Ill.
The subject of this sketch has made agriculture his life work, coming to Moultrie County in 1859 and renting land for several years until he was able to purchase, in 1872, the farm on which he now resides. He has ever taken an active interest in political affairs and espouses the principles of Democracy. He has served with great efficiency in the offices of Highway Commissioner and Justice of the Peace for nine years besides various school offices. He still holds the position of Justice of the Peace and his administration of justice is indeed conducive to the peace of the community, as by his wise and judicious counsel, he saves many of his neighbors from expensive and aggravating lawsuits.
The Methodist Episcopal Church is the religious body with which Mr. and Mrs. Peters first became united, as they joined that in 1861 but as there has been no organization of that kind in the neighborhood where they reside, they withdrew from it six years ago and joined the Presbyterian Church, where they now worship and where they have proved themselves a power for good in all church work. This gentleman owns a splendid tract of two hundred and seventy acres and his son, William, has eighty acres adjoining. He is making preparations to build a residence the coming year, after which he will no doubt find great comfort in this new home in his declining years. He is identified with the order of Masons, being a member of Sullivan Lodge No. 764 and of Sullivan Chapter No. 128, as well as being identified with the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Eleazar A. Pyatt, M.D.
To attain distinction in any one of the learned professions is the proud ambition of many a man who is struggling through the early portion of his career, but it is looked forward to as the prize to be gained toward the end of the race, and when then gained it may well be accounted as having been worth a struggle. We occasionally, however, know of an instance when a man still young has attained to this high position, and his success is certainly worthy of applause and emulation. Such was the success of Dr. Pyatt, of Bethany, Moultrie County, during the early days of the Civil War, when he was placed in a position of responsibility and trust which established his reputation for all time.
Dr. Pyatt, who located in this county in 1868, and is therefore the oldest physician in Bethany, was born in Yancey County, N. C., October 9, 1832, and is a son of Joseph and Jane (Brooks) Pyatt, both of North Carolina, the latter being of Scotch descent. The grandfather of Joseph Pyatt was born in Coventry, England, of French parentage and came to the United States when only sixteen years of age, just before the breaking out of the Revolutionary War. He immediately attached himself to the cause of political liberty and served all through that period of conflict and shared in the struggles and hardships of Washington's army. At the conclusion of the war he settled in Burke County, N. C., and engaged in farming, though he was a hatter by trade.
The father of our subject was reared a farmer, and having married in his native State, North Carolina, resided there during his entire life, and dying at the age of seventy-four years. He and his worthy wife reared two sons and four daughters and our subject is the fourth in order of birth. He was the only one to choose a profession, as the others have all been abundantly satisfied with the pursuit of agriculture. Burnsville Academy in his native county gave to him a thorough education and prepared him excellently for the pursuit of his professional studies which he began at a very early age. When only twenty-five years old the Doctor was prepared to commence practice and located at Poor Hill, Tenn. He subsequently entered Jefferson Medical College at Philadelphia, and took his diploma from that institution in 1861, soon after which he entered the Confederate army. He was mustered in as a private but as soon as his talents and his professional skill became known he was made Assistant Surgeon-General, having charge of the Eastern Department of the Tennessee during the formation of those forces, some twenty thousand men being mustered into service in that department. After the duties of that position was discharged Dr. Pyatt was appointed Regimental Surgeon of the Nineteenth Tennessee Infantry, where he remained until the close of the war, being especially active during the engagements at Shiloh and Stone River. After the war Dr. Pyatt went to Virginia and was married October 16, 1865, in Washington County, that State, to Ann E. Mahaffey, daughter of Hugh Mahaffey. She was a native of the county in which her marriage took place, having been born there July 20, 1845. After marriage the young couple settled in Hancock County, Tenn., whence in 1867 they came to Illinois and for eight months were located at Mt. Zion, from which point they removed to Bethany. Dr. and Mrs. Pyatt have had six children, one of whom died in infancy and another, Mary Grace, married Warren A. Wilkinson and died April 23, 1891, leaving one son. Walter A., who is now deceased. Those who are living of the Doctor's family are: Edward C., a druggist at Brownsville, Ore.; George A., who is now attending Lincoln University; Lulu Pearl and Anna Dorothy.
Dr. Pyatt is a Democrat in his political views, but is not extremely partisan, notwithstanding the fact that he was connected with the Confederate service, but he esteems it his duty to take enough interest in local matters to cast his vote on election day. In regard to his large and lucrative practice and the handsome property which he has accumulated, he may truly be styled a self-made man, for he had but $3.00 and a horse when he made his home in Tennessee after leaving his native State, and he was obliged to pawn his horse for six months board. This, however, was only the beginning, as he at once commanded an extensive practice and was never again in straightened circumstances. He has easily accumulated property, as he has both the professional and business qualities which lead to success, and he now has over nine hundred acres of finely improved farming land, upon which he has placed over $9,000 worth of tiling. His land is all in Marrowbone Township, near Bethany, and is considered one of the best farms in the township. His residence is said to be the finest in Moultrie County and it is not only beautiful in the exterior and delightfully located, but it is also furnished throughout with good taste and is the scene of cordial hospitality and domestic happiness. He is connected with the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, which he has joined since coming to this county, as he had formerly belonged to the Old School Presbyterian Church. A lithographic portrait of the Doctor accompanies this sketch. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Samuel M. Rhoads
One of the most delightful homes in Jonathan Creek Township, Moultrie County, is the one occupied by the family of Mr. Rhoads. It is located on section 35, and is not only handsome in its exterior but delightfully located and fitted up, and furnished with numerous evidences of taste and refinement. The beauty of the home is not, however, entirely due to its material adornments, for it is permeated with a lovely spirit of cordiality and harmony, which gives to every visitor an impression of cordial good-fellowship and true home life. The owner of this pleasant home is the son of William and Rebecca (Bradford) Rhoads, both natives of Tennessee. The father resides at this present writing in Arkansas, where he was a few years ago bereaved by the death of his wife. Only two children blessed this worthy couple, namely: our subject and his sister Catherine. Christmas Day, 1850, was a date of great importance in the life of this family, as upon that day was born to William and Rebecca Rhoads their only son, Samuel M. Arkansas was his native home and the scene of his boyhood days, and after taking his training there upon his father's farm, and in such schools as the neighborhood afforded, he came to Moultrie County, Ill., and worked out by the month at farm labor, with the exception of eight months, when he worked in McLean County, this State. He has always been engaged in agricultural pursuits and has made of them a notable success.
The day of days to this young man was August 1, 1869, when he was united in marriage in East Nelson Township, with Miss Permelia Wiley, who was born in 1851. She is a daughter of the late Thomas Wiley, who died at his home in East Nelson Township. The young couple settled upon section 35, Jonathan Creek Township, and there they have ever since made their home, and upon this beautiful farm Mr. Rhoads has erected the pleasant house which serves as the family residence. He has made other substantial improvements and most of his two hundred and eighty acres is in an improved condition. Mr. and Mrs. Rhoads are the parents of six children - Emor V., Flora, Thomas, Edith, Edna and Black. This gentleman has, in his office as School Director, done much to advance the educational interests of the community, and is helping to build up a healthy public sentiment in this respect. His convictions have led him to ally himself with the Democratic party, and he believes that the principles endorsed by the author of the Declaration of Independence are good enough for Americans now-a-days. He gives his attention to general farming and stock-raising, in which he finds both enjoyment and success.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
EMERSON RHODES, a respected and worthy citizen of Cushman and one of the prominent business men of that village, being engaged in merchandise and the transfer of grain, was born in what is now Moultrie County, Ill., June 29, 1837. He is a son of John and Rachel (Centony) Rhodes, the former being a native of North Carolina, born in 1808, and the latter being born in Kentucky, in 1811. It was in 1829 when this couple were married in Indiana, and three years later they came to Shelby County, Ill., in February, 1832, and became pioneers here. Both died in Moultrie County after the division of counties was effected, the mother dying in 1879 and the father in 1887. This departed couple were the parents of nine sons and one daughter, and five of these still survive. The children are, namely: Margaret, now Mrs. Couther, resides in Texas; Levi, died in 1862 from the effect of measles while in the army, leaving a widow; William was twice married and lives at Anna, Ill.; our subject; one who died in early infancy; Francis Marion died in 1862 while quite young; Loren and John who also died in early childhood; Hilery is married and lives on a farm in this county and Alfred, who is married and living in Bethany, Ill.
The gentleman of whom we write was united in the bonds of marriage upon New Year's Day, 1857, with Miss Matilda Roney, who was born in this county in 1835. Her parents, Joseph and Elizabeth (Henderson) Roney, were very early settlers of Illinois and both of them natives of Kentucky. Soon after marriage Mr. Rhodes went South taking a tour for his health, and decided to make his home in Texas for seven years. It was in 1866 when he returned to his native county and three years later he returned to Texas, where he remained until 1883. While a resident of the Lone Star State he was a stock-dealer most of the time, and during a portion of his residence there he was on the Buffalo Range. In the fall of 1873 he built a mill, Caddo Johnson, Texas, investing several thousand dollars in this enterprise, which resulted in very serious embarrassment two years later by reason of its destruction by fire. He was a frontiersman for many years and had frequent encounters with hostile Indians. Upon December 28, 1879, he had the misfortune to lose his companion by death. In the fall of 1883, Mr. Rhodes returned to his native county and married Maria Selby, who was born in this county in 1842, and whose parents were pioneers in the early days and still reside here. Her paternal grandfather, Joshua Selby, came to this county in 1830, and her parents, Nicholas and Sarah (Goodman) Selby, were natives of Indiana. Immediately after his second marriage Mr. Rhodes returned to Texas and brought his family to Moultrie County, where he has since resided.
The nine children by the first marriage are all living, namely: Theodore, Serilda J., Barton, Margaret, John, William, Minnie, Charles and James. Five of them are residents of this county and four live in Johnson, Tex. To the second marriage one child was born, October 12, 1885, Gracie Gertrude by name. After his return to Illinois Mrs. Rhodes was a farmer and operated a sawmill for about three years. He then engaged in buying grain and afterward combined that business with merchandising. He carries a full stock of general merchandise, groceries, provisions, farm machinery, hardware, etc. Mrs. Rhodes has been the Postmistress at Cushman for about a year, and her husband was honored with the Deputyship. This lady is a worthy and consistent member of the Christian Church. Mr. Rhodes is a Democrat in politics and takes an active interest in political affairs, serving as School Director. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Andrew J. Richey
Among the farmers of Moultrie County who have retired from arduous labors and are quietly passing their declining years, is Mr. Richey, whose home is a pleasant residence in Atwood, Piatt County. It is not possible in the limits of a biographical sketch like this to do more than touch upon the scenes and incidents in a life which has been full of toil and usefulness, but it is our purpose to note the most salient features in that of Andrew J. Richey, until recently a resident of Lowe Township. He still owns the fine farm on section 2, which was for many years the scene of his labors, but this he now rents and expects to pass the remainder of his life retired. Mr. Richey comes of excellent families of Kentucky, both parents having been born in that State. The father, Robert, and the mother, Elizabeth (Biggs) Richey, were united in marriage in Shelby County, Ky., in 1826. Two years after that important event they emigrated to Indiana and resided in Montgomery County five years, where the father followed the vocation of a farmer. We next find them in Vigo County, Ind., where the father died in 1861. To him and his good wife eight children were born, our subject being the eldest. Kentucky is his native State and in Shelby County he was born October 22, 1827. He accompanied his parents in their various removals and was reared to manhood chiefly in Vigo County, Ind.
When of sufficient age Mr. Richey wisely chose the vocation in which he has gained a good maintenance and has been able to give his family educational and social privileges that add to their efficiency as members of society. On November 9, 1848, he was united in the holy bonds of wedlock with Miss Barbara Doty, a native of Indiana. Mrs. Richey died in Lowe Township in 1867, leaving five children - Theodore J., Emory R., James R., Mary M., (Mrs. James Griffin) and Eli N. After his marriage our subject settled in Sullivan County, Ind., where he lived twelve years, operating as a tiller of the soil. In the fall of 1865 he came to Moultrie County and settled in Lowe Township where he resided until 1891, the date of his removal to Atwood. The home of Mr. Richey is presided over by a lady of refinement and intelligence, who has aided her husband by her cheerful co-operation in all his enterprises. She bore the maiden name of Elizabeth Moon and was born in Monongahela County, Pa., December 12, 1830. Her parents, John and Catherine Moon died in Piatt County, Ill. At the time of her marriage to our subject she was the widow of Cornelius Williams, who died in White County, Ind., leaving to her care two children - William and Jasper. The ceremony which made her the wife of Mr. Richey was solemnized in Moultrie County, Ill., December 12, 1867.
Mr. and Mrs. Richey are active and consistent members of the Missionary Baptist Church. In his political affiliations Mr. Richey is a Republican and has been active in local affairs. He is especially interested in the cause of education and has served School Director and Trustee. Prior to his removal from his farm he had placed it under excellent improvements, both in respect to buildings and cultivation of the soil. The estate comprises two hundred acres of improved land and is numbered among the best farms in the township. Its beauty is enhanced by the numerous shade and fruit trees, whose foliage throws a pleasant shadow on the grassy lawn and whose ripened fruit blushes as though kissed by the summer sun. Mr. Richey is a reading, thinking man, public spirited and well informed, and owns one of the finest libraries in the community. He and his wife are deservedly held in high estimation by their neighbors; their warm hearts, kind manners, and many generous deeds have gained them the affection of the entire community.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
ISAAC RICHEY, a farmer and stock-raiser residing on section 13, Sullivan Township, Moultrie County, was born in Bedford County, Pa., May 7, 1845. His parents were Abraham and Elizabeth (Bollman) Richey, and were natives of the Keystone State. The father died in this county in 1881, and the mother, who still survives, resides in Jonathan Creek Township, this county. She is now in her eighty-third year and has been the honored mother of nine children, five sons and four daughters. Of the latter only one remains on earth, but the sons are all living. Our subject came to Illinois with his parents in 1866, and settled in Jonathan Creek Township as his father had purchased a farm there, on which the mother now lives. Mr. Richey has been twice married, his first wife being Ruth Homan, a native of Kentucky. They were married in that State in 1879, and the young wife was called from earth about a year later. Our subject was a second time married, taking as his wife Miss Anna A., daughter of David Kirkpatrick. Mrs. Richey is a native of Kentucky, and was born in January, 1859. Her parents still reside in the latter State. To this happy union four children were born, of whom one, Oliver J., is deceased. The remaining sons are: Clarence D., Jessie Earl and Clyde L.
The business of farming has been the vocation to which Mr. Richey has devoted himself with energy and enthusiasm throughout life. He owns a fine farm of one hundred and sixty acres, with good improvements and in a high state of cultivation. A beautiful park surrounds his home and gives to it a charm which few houses can boast. The refinement and culture which is implied by thus beautifying one's abode is a delightful acquisition to any neighborhood.
Mr. Richey is liberally inclined both in politics and religion. He has always vote for Republican candidates for President, but in State and local matters he uses his own judgment in selecting the best man for the place and in governed in this by purely business principles. He never made any profession of religion, yet gives liberally of his means to the support of the Gospel and other religious and benevolent enterprises. He at one time belonged to the Patrons of Husbandry, but is not now connected with that body. The estimate in which he is held by his fellow-citizens is shown by the fact of his being twice elected to the office of Township Collector of Taxes, and his having been called upon to serve as Supervisor of Roads. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Charles L. Roane
HON. CHARLES L. ROANE, who is now living a retired life in Sullivan, Moultrie County, has made his home in this locality since 1854, and in the years which have come and gone has occupied a prominent place in public affairs. He has been prominently connected with both the business and official interests of the county and is widely known throughout this part of the State. The story of his life is as follows: Charles L. Roane was born in Loudoun County, Va., October 3, 1820, and is the son of James and the grandson of William Roane. The latter, a native of the Old Dominion, belonged to the F. F. V.'s; he spent his entire life in Virginia and died when well advanced in years. The father of our subject was born and reared in Virginia and became a contractor and builder of turnpike roads. In Loudoun County he was joined in wedlock with Mrs. Mary Bartlett, daughter of col. Timothy Taylor. The Colonel was born in Bucks County, Pa., and came of one of the old and highly respected families of the Keystone State.
Mr. Taylor removed to Loudoun County, Va., and after some years, on the breaking out of the War of 1812 he enlisted and became Colonel of the Fifty-sixth Regiment of Virginia Volunteers. His two sons were also in that service, one serving as Colonel, the other as Adjutant and the old colonel commanded a regiment engaged in protecting the city of Washington against the British forces. Father and sons escaped uninjured and Col. Timothy Taylor spent his last days in Virginia. The daughter Mary grew to womanhood in her native county and when she had attained to years of maturity gave her hand in marriage to Mr. Bartlett who died, leaving two children. She afterward became the wife of James Roane and unto them were born four children, of whom our subject and his sister, Mrs. Clark of Virginia, are now living. The latter is a widow of Leonard Clark, a Union soldier of the late war who laid down his life on the alter of his country. James Roane and his wife continued their residence in Loudoun County, Va., for some years, the husband there dying in 1831, when past middle life. His widow spent her last days in Harrison County, W. Va., where she lived to a ripe old age. An intelligent and cultured lady, she had many friends and was highly respected by all who knew her.
The subject of this sketch is the eldest of the parental family. After his father's death he was tenderly cared for and reared by his mother until able to care for himself. He is truly a self-made man and deserves no little credit for the success which has crowned his efforts. As before stated he came to Moultrie County, Ill., in 1854, and soon afterward, his fellow-townsmen having recognized his worth and ability, was appointed Deputy County Clerk. A short time elapsed and he was elected to the position of County Clerk, which he filled acceptable four years, then in January, 1862, embarked in the general merchandise business, establishing a store at the southeast corner of the square in Sullivan where he carried on operations for twenty-three years. Mr. Roane possesses good business ability, is energetic and enterprising and soon won a liberal patronage which constantly increased until his large trade netted him a good income and he became one of the substantial citizens of the community. His success was truly deserved for he tried to please his customers and honesty and fairness characterized all his dealings. In the meantime Mr. Roane was nominated, in 1883, on the Republican ticket for the Legislature when the election returns were received it was found that he had been elected by a good majority to represent the district which includes Moultrie, Shelby and Effingham Counties. He was appointed on several important committees, including those of Banking and Drainage, and was one of the members sent to visit and report on the State charitable institutions. His course as a member of the House won credit for himself and his constituents and he formed many pleasant acquaintances among the prominent men of the State. As before stated Mr. Roane continued in the mercantile business for twenty-two years, at the expiration of which time he sold out. Later he built and operated a tile factory for a few years, but it was subsequently destroyed by fire. He has now retired from business life but is still interested in Decatur and Sullivan property.
In the city where he yet makes his home, Mr. Roane was united in marriage with Miss Lucy Garland, a native of Bedford County, Va., and a daughter of Nicholas A. and Mary (Mitchell) Garland. The family came to Sullivan at an early day and Mr. Garland built the first mill at that place operating it for more some years. Subsequently he and his wife removed to Springfield, Ill., where he engaged in merchandising. He was also Deputy Sheriff of the county for some time and with his wife spent his last days in the capital city. Mrs. Roane is one of quite a large family. She has been a true wife and her union has been blessed with five children, four of whom are yet living, namely: Lucy, wife of W. A. Cash, a commercial traveler residing in Decatur; Fannie, wife of John K. Munsey who is employed as book-keeper for the firm of Stratton & Bird, wholesale grocers of Cairo; Charles, who wedded Eva Woodruff and is now engaged in the lumber business in Campbell, franklin County, Neb., and Austin at home. One daughter, Mary, is now deceased.
Mr. and Mrs. Roane are members of the Presbyterian Church and are people of worth who rank high in social circles and are widely and favorably known throughout the community. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Joseph S. Roberts
Among the men who are ambitious, not only for their own success but also for the prosperity and progress of the community in which they live, we are proud to mention the name which appears at the head of this paragraph, a man who was born in Moultrie County, and has made it his home throughout his life and who feels that its welfare is identical with that of himself and his family.
Thomas A. Roberts, the father of our subject was a Marylander, born May 4, 1822, and, his mother was Lovicy G. Hendricks, who was born in Kentucky, August 13, 1833. This excellent couple were united in Moultrie County and made their home in East Nelson Township, where they lived in domestic happiness and prosperity until 1860, when they removed to Whitley Township, where the faithful wife passed from earth April 29, 1868. The bereaved husband died in Shelby County, November 11, 1883. They had three children, of whom their son Joseph is the eldest.
He of whom we write was born June 22, 1854, in East Nelson Township. He resided in Moultrie County throughout all his youth and manhood and was educated in the common schools of Whitley. His happy marriage took place October 30, 1879, in Whitley Township, at the residence of W. H. Garrett, Cynthia R., the daughter of this gentleman being the bride. For farther details in regard to this prominent family, into which our subject married our readers will please consult the sketch of W. H. Garrett on another page of this Record. At the time of her marriage Mrs. Roberts was a lovely young woman of nineteen, as she was born in Whitley Township, August 5, 1860. She cheerfully and efficiently undertook the responsibilities of a home and became the happy mother of eight children, namely: Carrie L., Europe H., Mabel, John F., Roy, Pearl, Clarence and Edith. All are living except John and Roy who are passed to the better world. After marriage this wedded pair set up their household gods in Whitley Township, locating on section 4. There they now own a beautiful estate of two hundred and nineteen acres, and upon this tract Mr. Roberts has successfully carried on his agricultural pursuits, devoting himself to general farming. He is an influential man in his community and an earnest worker for the prosperity and supremacy of the Republican party. Both he and his wife are conscientious members of the Christian Church and in its communion and service they find spiritual strength and an abundant opportunity for labor. Both of them desire to see Whitley Township rank first in every desirable point among the townships of Moultrie County and are earnest promoters of every movement which tends to its progress, socially and industrially.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Frederick Schuetz, a prosperous farmer residing on section 29, Lowe Township, made his first settlement in Moultrie County in March, 1877. He was born in Prussia, Germany, January 19, 1840, being the son of Frederick Schuetz who lived and died in his native land. This son Frederick is the only one of the family who has ever come to the United States. He left his native land in 1864 and soon landed in New York Harbor where he at once too cars for the Great West, coming on without stopping to Bloomington, Ill. He was now utterly alone and among strangers, as there was not a man, woman or child in the United States who was known to him, but he found that although in an alien land he was not outside the bounds of human kindness and friendliness, and it was not long before he felt at home even among strangers. He first served as a farm hand but finally decided to be more independent and having learned the methods of agriculture employed in this country, rented land and began to work it. The land which Mr. Schuetz first rented and which he took charge of in 1866 was located in McLean County, and he continued in that county for some seven years, after which he went to Piatt county and rented land there and afterward removed from there to Moultrie County. He was now prepared to purchase property and bought the land which he now owns, which was at that time but very little improved, being nearly all raw land. He now has most of this under the plow and in a richly productive condition and has placed upon his farm a pleasant, commodious residence.
The marriage of our subject took place February 26, 1867, that united him with Mary Railing, who was born in Prussia, Germany, March 9, 1844, and came to the United States alone, being the only one of her family in this country. To this worthy couple have been born ten children, namely: Minnie, born October 2, 1867; Otto February 11, 1869; Emma, November 22, 1870; Mary, October 19, 1872; Fred, June 30, 1874; Sophia, August 6, 1876; Lizzie, July 27, 1879; Willie, December 6, 1881; Edward, May 27, 1885, and Lydia, December 5, 1887.
Mr. Schuetz has a handsome farm of one hundred and sixty acres, which is now in fine condition and very productive. It is in fact an ideal Illinois farm and well worthy the notice of the passerby. This worthy family are prominently identified with the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which they are ever ready to assist in every good work and cast their influence upon the right side. The declarations of the Republican party embody the political belief of our subject and he casts his vote with the candidates of that party. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Alfred R. Scott
Moultrie County owes much to her thorough, plucky, pushing, preserving business men who are an important element in the alchemy which through various processes, turns the wealth of the soil into the gold of commerce. The philosopher's stone of the ancient traditions is nothing to compare with them. Without their intervention which brings into contact the producer and the consumer, the farmer would be overloaded with the products of the soil and the consumers might starve for lack of sustenance. Such a man is he whose name appears at the head of this present writing.
Mr. Scott is not only the proprietor of the Exchange Bank, but also is a miller and a dealer in grain, and he has been a resident of Bethany since 1853. In addition to his other lines of business he was engaged for quite a period (beginning in 1868) in general merchandising. Ten years later he sold out this interest in order to devote himself more thoroughly to the grain trade, but in 1884, he again purchased the store and carried it on until 1886. It was in 1887 when he established the Exchange Bank and he had built the roller mills in 1881. This latter industry he has carried on successfully and has now entirely remodeled the establishment. He owned and operated the mill along until 1887 when he associated with himself, as a partner in the business, Mr. J. G. Holderman.
He of whom we write was born in Macon County, Ill., June 27, 1845. His worthy and honored parents, Joseph and Ethealind (Ashmore) Scott, were natives of Tennessee, who were married after coming to Illinois, as each had come to Moultrie County in early life. The paternal grandfather of our subject, James Scott, brought his family to the Prairie State, about the year 1830, settling at Mt. Zion in Macon County, where he undertook farming, which he pursued until he was called to the better land.
In 1853 the newly married parents of our subject located on a farm at Bethany, where the mother is still living, having become a widow in 1856. Her four children all grew to years of maturity, namely: James, who was a soldier in the Fifth Cavalry and subsequently re-enlisted and died in 1865; Elizabeth J., who married James McQuire and died in 1883 and Alfred R., our subject who is now the only surviving child of his mother's flock.
The farm, the district school and the Mt. Zion Academy formed the scenes of the early training and discipline of our subject. He left school in 1867 and the following year engaged in business at Bethany, having previously carried on for one year the buying and selling of live-stock. His happy married life began in 1868, he being then united with Mary J. Smith daughter of Samuel King Smith. This lady was born in Kentucky in 1850 and is the happy mother of eight children who bear the names of Ida, Hugh, Etha, Troy, Samuel Joseph, Augusta R., Smith Wilson, and Marie.
The successful business man and banker had but a small capital upon which to base the beginnings of his present expanded business. His abilities, especially in the line of finance, have brought him to the front and he has accumulated a handsome property and is now building a fine residence which will be the pride of Bethany. Besides his enterprises at Bethany, he has also carried on from 1886 to the present year a general store at Cerro Gordo, which is not only a credit to that town, but also a source of income to the proprietor.
Both Mr. and Mrs. Scott are members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church and in its communion they are active workers. The Knights Templar also claim this gentleman as one of their prominent members. His political views are in accordance with the platform of the Republican party and it is his earnest desire that none other than a Republican shall ever fill the Presidential chair. As Supervisor of Marrowbone Township he was during his incumbency of that office the prominent promoter of every movement for the welfare of its citizens and the prosperity of the community. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Andrew Wilson Scott
Andrew Wilson Scott, the leading merchant of Bethany, Moultrie County, has been in the business in this place since 1876. He was born in Mt. Zion, Macon County, Ill., September 25, 1848, and is a son of Jehu and Mary (Wilson) Scott, natives of Tennessee, and the paternal grandfather bore the name of James Scott. More will be learned of this excellent and prominent family by consulting the biography of A. R. Scott. Among the very early settlers of Mt. Zion were the parents of our subject, who came from Tennessee to Illinois, and located one mile south of Mt. Zion, where they proceeded to cultivate the land, and passed their remaining years. They became the owners of some eight hundred acres of land, and placed upon them substantial and handsome improvements. They were both earnest members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and are now both deceased. Two children only of the number grew to man's estate, of whom our subject is the older, and his brother, Alexander B., is a farmer at Mt. Zion and a partner of Andrew in business, the firm name being A. W. Scott & Bro. Thorough and systematic training upon the farm, and drill in the common school of Mt. Zion, was supplemented in the case of our subject by a course of study which he took in the university at Lincoln, Ill. After leaving school he came to Bethany and engaged as a clerk in the sore of A. R. Scott, and in a few years became a partner in the business under the firm style of A. R. & A. W. Scott. Some three years later he became sole proprietor of the business, and afterward associated with him as a partner Mr. J. L. McCoy, the firm then being Scott & McCoy, but in March, 1891, this was succeeded by the firm of A. W. Scott & Bro. Ever since its inception this store has been the largest and the leading business place of Bethany, and it has had its own effect upon the mercantile life of the place.
Mr. Scott was in 1874 united in marriage with Sarah J. Mott, daughter of Joseph Mott, of Princeton, Ky., which was the place of her nativity. One son, Walter, blessed this union. He was a very promising boy, and at the time of his death he had charge of the books of the firm, and was at the same time carrying on his studies. He would have graduated from the schools at Bethany with the Class of '92, but he was snatched from this happy home by death, April 15, 1891, at the age of fourteen year. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
The publishers of this volume would fail in their purpose of recording the lives of those who have been useful and are worthy of note, were they to omit mention of the successful career of Mr. Seass. He is the owner of one of the best farms in Moultrie County, and was for several years engaged in the agricultural implement business in Arthur, representing the Pitts Agricultural Company, of Buffalo, N. Y. He also engaged in the grain business, and built a large elevator in Arthur. He handled all kinds of implements and farming machinery, and during the years he was thus engaged only added to the reputation which he had already won - that of an honorable man, trustworthy in all business relations.
The father of our subject, Jacob Seass, was a native of Pennsylvania, but has passed the greater part of his life in Moultrie County. Here he was married in October, 1843, to Miss Jane Patterson, a native of Illinois, and an estimable woman, who still survives. They had a family of five children, who lived to maturity, our subject being the eldest. He was born in Moultrie County, Ill., October 20, 1846, and was reared to manhood upon his father's farm. His earliest recollections are of the scenes of pioneer life, and he has been a witness of the rapid growth of Illinois. During his youth schools were few and far between, educational advantages proportionately limited, and he had few opportunities to gain an education. He gleaned the rudiments of knowledge from the old text-books then in vogue, and at an early age acquired a love for learning which has induced him to read the best of literature, and keep posted upon all current events, until he has now that best of educations - the one gained in the school of which experience is the teacher.
With the exception of four years passed in Arthur, our subject has spent his entire life within the limits of Jonathan Creek Township. He now owns five hundred and thirty-six acres on sections 13, 14, 15 and 22, and is numbered among the most successful agriculturists of the county. He was married August 20, 1867, in Jonathan Creek Township, to Miss Elizabeth A. Powell. This estimable lady, who is the daughter of Nelson E. and Elvira (Henry) Powell, was born in Shelby County, this State, May 28, 1851. Mrs. Seass is a lady of culture and refinement, which is manifested in her home and shown by the circle of friends she has gathered around her, people of the highest worth and intelligence.
The family of Mr. and Mrs. Seass comprises six children, namely: Aurora L., Elvira J., Llewellyn D., Bertha E., Nellie C. and Waverly W. The parents have given the children the best possible educational advantages, and have endeavored in every way to fit them, for the duties of life awaiting them. Mr. Seass has served as supervisor of Jonathan Creek Township for two terms, and as Township Treasurer one term, discharging the duties of both positions in a manner creditable alike to himself and his constituents. He was appointed Census Enumerator in 1800. In the fall of that year he was a candidate for the legislature on the Independent ticket, and polled a large vote, running ahead of his ticket.
Upright and honorable in all his dealings, the course in life followed by Mr. Seass has been such as to secure the confidence and warm friendship of all with whom he is brought in contact. His dealings are always marked with the strictest integrity and fairness, and he has gained a competency through his arduous and systematic exertions. He is an honored citizen of this community, and it is with pleasure that we present this brief sketch of his life to our readers.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
The soil of this county being very fertile and the market facilities excellent, a great number of agriculturalists secure a competence by the cultivation of a moderate acreage. One of these successful farmers in Moultrie County is he whose name introduces these paragraphs. He owns and operates eighty acres in Lowe Township on section 9, and by close attention to his business, wise management and industry, he makes of his farm a more remunerative piece of property than do some who have many more acres. In all his enterprises, he receives the cheerful co-operation of his amiable wife, to whom his success is largely to be attributed. The natal day of Andrew Sentel was March 7, 1836, and he was born in Ross County, Ohio. He is the son of the late John Sentel, a native of Pennsylvania, and Catherine (Reedy) Sentel, who was born in Ross County. In the fall of 1845 the parents removed from Ross County, Ohio, to Coles County, Ill., whence five years later they came to Moultrie County and settled in Sullivan Township. Their family comprised eight children, our subject being next to the oldest. He passed his younger years in Ross County where he gained the rudiments of his education. Later he attended school in Coles County, although his educational advantages were limited to the district schools of those days. Mr. Sentel was first married January 3, 1858, to Miss Mary Montgomery, a native of Ross County, Ohio, who died July 22, 1881, in Lowe Township. The present congenial companion of Mr. Sentel, who has been his devoted helpmate, was born in England January 1, 1848, and was known in maidenhood as Anna Dalton. She was first married to Joseph Winskill and by that union became the mother of one child - John D. Mr. Sentel and his estimable wife were united in the holy bonds of wedlock in Sullivan, Ill., September 19, 1882, and their union has been blest by the birth of one child, a son, Elmer A.
When Mr. Sentel began life for himself he settled in Sullivan Township, this county, where he lived several years. Next we find him operating a farm in Douglas County, but after sojourning there four years, he returned to Moultrie County, and settled in Lowe Township on section 9, which has since been his home. In his political affiliations he is a Republican and has served the people in various official capacities, although he prefers domestic quiet to the turmoil incident to a public life. He is greatly interested in the cause of education and everything pertaining thereto, and has served acceptably as School Director. Public spirited and enterprising, it is not strange that his position among his fellow-citizens is an enviable one and that he is regarded as one of the most prominent agriculturists of the community. The attention of the reader is invited to a view on another page of the attractive residence and rural surrounding on the farm of Mr. Sentel. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
John R. Shelton
John R. Shelton, a farmer residing on section 2 Lowe Township, was born in Chatham Township, Sangamon County, Ill., April 28, 1833. His father, the late William Shelton, was a native of Virginia while his mother, who maiden name was Prudence Neal, was born in Kentucky. The came to Illinois early in life, and after their marriage in Sangamon County, settled in Chatham Township, where after a long and honorable life, the father died about 1877, at the age of seventy-two years. The mother survives at an advanced age and makes her home in Sangamon County.
The seven children born to this worthy couple were named as follows: William, John R., Amarine, Daniel M., Zarilda, James and George. The second son, John R., the subject of this biographical notice, was reared to manhood in Sangamon County, his youth being passed in much the usual manner of farmers' boys of that period. He gleaned the rudiments of his education from the primitive text books still in use in the district schools, and this knowledge has been enlarged and broadened through subsequent study, until he is now thoroughly informed on all events of local and general importance, and an agreeable conversationalist with whom many a pleasant hour may be passed.
When ready to establish a home of his own, our subject left the parental roof, and with his bride, began life on a farm in Loami Township. He has ever received the cheerful co-operation of his wife, with whom he was joined in the holy bonds of wedlock in Loami Township, Sangamon County, November 30, 1854. Mrs. Shelton bore the maiden name of Eliza J. Kinney, and was the daughter of the late Henry and Margaret (Dorronce) Kinney, natives respectively of Madison and Oneida Counties, New York. Mr. and Mrs. Kinney passed the first years of their happy wedded life in Loami Township, whence after a sojourn of many years, they removed to Chatham village and there the mother died in September, 1883. The father afterward made his home in Springfield and also with our subject until his death in Springfield, April 2, 1889. His family comprised five children, namely: Daniel, Clarissa, Caroline, Eliza J., and Rebecca M.
The birthplace of Mrs. Shelton was Loami Township, Sangamon County, and her natal day October 9, 1834. Under the careful training of her parents she grew to a noble womanhood, well fitted to take charge of a home of her own. Her first home after marriage was in Loami Township, but later she and her husband settled in Chatham Township. This was not their permanent home, however. In September, 1874, they came to Moultrie County, where they purchased a farm on section 2, Lowe Township, and here they still remain. The farm comprises one hundred and nine acres, and he has a neat set of buildings, including a commodious, conveniently-arranged residence, where comfort reigns supreme and hospitality abounds.
Seven children have been born of the happy wedded life of Mr. and Mrs. Shelton; William and Lewis are deceased, the former dying at the age of one year and the latter when seven years old; William (2d) died in Lowe Township in 1876 when seventeen years old; Richard is a farmer in Colorado; Luella is the wife of Frank Kagey; Charles and Caroline M. are still at home. Mrs. Shelton is a member of the Missionary Baptist Church, to which she has belonged since 1865. Her maternal great-grandfather was a surgeon in the Revolutionary War and lost his life at Ft. DuQuesne. On her father's side Mrs. Shelton is of English extraction, and on the maternal side of Irish descent.
When the preservation of the Union was threatened Mr. Shelton was deeply devoted to her welfare and enlisted in her behalf in August, 1862, in Company B, One Hundred and thirtieth Illinois Infantry, serving three years until the close of the war. During this time he was on constant duty and the hardships and exposures so undermined his strength that he has since never regained his former health. He participated in the following important engagements: Magnolia Hill, Champion Hills, Jackson, Miss., Vicksburg, Ft. Blakesly and Spanish Fort, besides numerous skirmishes of minor importance though not less dangerous. He was with the One Hundred and Thirtieth Illinois from the time of his enlistment until May 6, 1863, when he was detached and joined the Mercantile Battery of Chicago. After remaining with this battery one year he rejoined the regiment with which he had originally enlisted. This was consolidated with the Seventy-seventh Illinois Infantry, of which it was an integral part until peace was declared.
As might be expected Mr. Shelton is a prominent member of Harker Post, No. 189, G. A. R. In politics he is a firm Republican, but has never been an office-seeker, preferring domestic pleasures to the turmoil of public life. He is a fine type of our self-made men, as he entered upon his career as a farmer with but little means and only by the exercise of ambition and industry coupled with practical economy and excellent business judgment, has he worked his way up to a position of importance among the most substantial citizens of Lower Township. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Edward Lewis Shepherd
Edward Lewis Shepherd of Sullivan, Moultrie County, being for many years a merchant and saloonist on Main Street. He came here first in 1861, and began first as a restaurant keeper, merging this establishment finally into a general store until 1871, when he opened a bar on the west side of the square where he has been engaged for several years. He has been a very careful man in his business. He allows no game of chance to go on within the walls of his house, and no loafing or carousing and keeps strictly within the bounds of the law.
Mr. Shepherd was born in Scott County, Ky., August 11, 1832. His father, Mr. William Shepherd, was a native of Virginia, and the grandfather a Frenchman, who died in the Old Dominion. In that State William Shepherd grew to manhood and took part as a private soldier in the War of 1812. After seeing much hard fighting in that conflict, he came to Woodford County, Ky., and was there united in marriage with Evaline Ball, a native of Virginia, who came to Kentucky before her marriage. William Shepherd and his wife lived in Kentucky until their children had all grown to maturity, and in 1854 they came as a family to Sullivan, and here the father died March 15, 1871, having reached the age of seventy-six years. His wife survived him, but passed away April 29, 1875. They were members of the Christian Church, and in politics Mr. William Shepherd was formerly a Whig, and later a Democrat.
Our subject was the third child and second son in a family of five children. The two daughters are deceased, viz.: Ann, formerly the wife of S. P. Alexander; and Belle who passed away in infancy; John B. took to wife Sarah Hayden, and now lives in Texarkana, Ark.; and M. T., a banker who resides in Lovington, this county. His wife bore the maiden name of Jenny Mullikin. Our subject was married in Franklin County, Ky., to Miss Ann M. Hawkins, who was born in Kentucky in 1842, on June 30, and died in Sullivan, December 16, 1889, her death being caused by a cancer. She was a woman of kindly impulses and had a host of friends among the good women of Sullivan, and was an earnest member of the Baptist Church. She was the mother of one child, Laura B., who died in early childhood, in l864, have been foster parents to two children, Maggie, Mr. and Mrs. Shepherd who is now married to Walter Craig and lives in Sullivan, and Etta, the wife of George B. Bohling, who is a jeweler in Versailles, Morgan County, Mo. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Henry C. Shepard
A native of the Green Mountain State, our subject early imbibed the spirit of Yankee shrewdness which distinguishes the "down Easters," modified and blended by the influence that his father as a professional man brought into the family. His mother was a typical New England woman, with a large degree of ability, and deeply versed in all branches of the culinary art, one who governed her household with a firm hand, and at the same time was gentle and mild. His father was Dr. Roswell Shepard, a native of Barry, Vt., and his mother was Lydia (Sprague) Shepard, who was born in Brimfield, that State. The father practiced his profession in Vermont, Massachusetts and New York, and from the last named State removed to Pickaway county, Ohio, where he lived until decease, which occurred in Palestine, that county.
The widow of Dr. Roswell Shepard, came to Moultrie County and spent her last days with our subject, who had previous to this, settled here. He was the third child in order of birth in a family of five children, three of whom are living: Newman died when two years old, and Hamblin died after reaching maturity; he was killed in Shrevesport, La. Henry C. was born in Montpelier, Vt., May 11, 1826. He was thirteen years of age when his father went to Pickaway County, Ohio. There he grew to manhood, continuing to live under his father's roof until 1841, when he determined to strike out in a new direction for himself, and to see what the world contained for a young man with strength, energy and ambition. He engaged in various kinds of business, and for a time was employed by a. McCrea in the dry-goods business, during which time he farmed two hundred and fifty acres of land. This was 1854, the driest year known up to the present time. After his advent into this county, our subject was engaged for a period of three years in farming and dealing in stock, at the expiration of which time he returned to Pickaway County, and there remained until 1879. He was engaged in trading, and during the war, was occupied as sutler in the army for two or three years. After that he went to Franklin County, Ohio, and was there married, December 11, 1862, to Miss Jennie Armstrong, who was born in Columbus, Ohio. She was a daughter of William Armstrong. This gentleman died at the age of ninety-three years. By this marriage he of whom we write became the father of two children: Harry D., a resident of Columbus, Ohio; and William A., who lives on his father's farm in Lovington Township. Mrs. Jennie Shepard died August 22, 1867, deeply mourned by husband and sons.
In 1879 Mr. Shepard returned to Moultrie County and settled on section 2, Lovington Township, where he has since been a resident. Since his return he has been engaged in general farming, and has made a specialty of the breeding of fine horses, having some thoroughbreds upon his place that have been registered. He also is the owner of some fine Short-horn cattle, and breeds the same. He is the proprietor of two hundred and forty acres of land which boast the best of improvements. His buildings are first class, and the appointments of his place show him to be a thorough farmer and general manager. Politically Mr. Shepard has always fraternized with the democratic party, and although personal worth is more to him than party favor, he recognizes the fact that divided allegiance does not tend to the strengthening of government. He has filled the office of Highway Commissioner most acceptably. After his marriage, the original of our sketch purchased a large farm in Pickaway County, Ohio, which he carried on in connection with stock breeding and dealing. Although a portion of his time spent in Ohio was passed Columbus, which was the city of his residence, he carried on general farming for the greater portion of his time. In 1875 he undertook the management of a larger tract of land, comprising about one thousand acres, at the same time operating his own farm. He also had charge of ten miles of turnpike, and settled three estates which entailed not small amount of work and time. In 1855, when our subject first came to Moultrie County, he rode on horseback from Pickaway County, Ohio to Lovington, and although the journey must have been tedious and tiresome, no such idea of the resources and nature of the land can be gained now-a-days in our whirls by night and day over hundreds of miles, as in the equestrian journey, enjoyed at that time, by our subject. A man of many resources, Mr. Shepard has been able to meet and disarm every unfavorable barrier to his progress in life. He is a successful farmer and an intelligent man, possessing personally, great advantages. A fine conversationalist, his experience with men and his dealings in various fields, have given him a knowledge of human nature that enables him to enjoy it in all its phases. No rascal so smooth or finished but who, to him, has some redeeming trait. No man so good, but that he has his frailties that are to be condoned. Although he has been so largely engaged in business, with so much to occupy his time and attention in the various periods of his career his password to success has ever been thoroughness an adherence to the principles of rectitude and honor. His sons are men grown, who have taken upon themselves the responsibilities of life, and have established homes of their own. Harry D. married Miss Nora Shirey, and is the head of a pleasant home; William A., who married Miss Marietta Marks, is a farmer in Lovington Township, and young as he is, has already acquired a reasonable degree of success. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
George W. Shirey
George W. Shirey, who resides on section 25, in Lovington Township, Moultrie County, is a son of the late Samuel and Barbara Ann (Shede) Shirey, of whom a fuller history may be found under the sketch of our subject's brother, William S. Shirey, in another part of this volume, and of a family of ten children they original of this sketch was the fifth in order of birth, thus, in his childhood days, he had plenty of playmates and childish sympathizers with the youthful peccadillos in which he found himself. He was born in Clear Spring, Ind., August 7, 1839, and now has attained that period of manhood when speculation and experience go hand in hand and thus wedded, bring the best results to their possessor. His removal to Illinois was made when his father came hither and with him he lived until 1862, when he himself set up a household, placing over his home as mistress, Miss Mary J. Bear. They were married in Bloomington, this State, in June, 1862. The lady is a daughter of Samuel Bear, who died in Macon County, this State. The mother is also deceased. Mrs. Mary J Shirey was born in Cumberland county, Pa., April 17, 1844. She bore her husband eight children, whose names are Georgia A., Almeda, Samuel B. Leonora M., Charles, Homer, Gertrude, and Frankie. The eldest daughter is the wife of Orange Behan. Alemeda married Oliver O. Dawson. Leonora M. is the wife of J. H. White. Frankie died when one and a half years old.
Mrs. Mary J. Shirey departed this life march 28,1891. She was a true Christian and a conscientious, God-fearing woman, a member of the Lutheran Church and an interested, ardent worker. After marriage our subject settled first in Macon County, this State where he lived until 1874, when he removed to Moultrie County and settled in Lovington Township, finding this climate and country pleasant and adapted to his methods of agricultural employment. He has always been engaged in farming and upon the place where he at present resides there are many and valuable improvements there made by his own hands. He has a delightful home that, while neat and attractive exteriorly, interiorly presents the comforts and refinements that are so necessary to the enjoyment of life. Books abound, and the current literature of the day is found upon his shelves and tables. The domestic management is apparently without a flaw and the inner man is provided with the most toothsome delicacies. He here owns one hundred and forty-four and one-half acres.
A Democrat is his political preference, our subject is first of all an adherent of the principles of honor and right. Party is little to him, irrespective of the purposes and plans that it matures and executes for the benefit of the masses of the people. He has held several important offices in the gift of the township, having been Highway Commissioner for a number of years. He is also School Trustee, and in this direction his desire is to be thoroughly abreast with the times in education al matters and to procure for the young people of this district such advantages that they will never have occasion to look back with regret upon the days spent in school. Socially he of whom we write is a member of the Masonic fraternity, becoming thus connected about twelve years. On the breaking out of the war, he enlisted in the union Army, in August, 1862, and was mustered into Company B, of the One Hundred and Sixteenth Illinois Regiment, with which he served for a period of six months, at the expiration of which time, he was discharged on account of disability. Mr. Shirey is a man who is not satisfied with mediocrity in any way. He is not ambitious to possess great tracts of land, but does care that that of which is owner, should be cultivated to the fullest possible extent. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William S. Shirey
Our subject belongs to that class of people that have formed the brawn and sinew of the social and business life in America. A farmer himself, residing on a beautiful tract of land on section 36, of Lovington Township, Moultrie County, his father was a mechanic and manufacturer, and such were his resources, the quickness of perception of his keep mind and shrewd look, that had he been placed on a desert island he could have built up a small village for himself, with all accessories necessary to civilized and refined life. Our subject's father was the late Samuel Shirey, who was born in Franklin County, Pa., April 26, 1806. His mother, Miss Barbara Ann Shade in her maiden days, was born in Pennsylvania, April 24, 1808.
Samuel Shirey was a wagonmaker by trade and this business he followed throughout his early life, afterward being engaged in farming. The first part of their married life was passed in Greencastle, Pa. Thence they removed to Maryland, and then returned to Pennsylvania, where they continued to live until the spring of 1861, when they determined, for the sake of their growing sons, to remove to a State where there was a broader field and better chances for young men. They came to Moultrie County and settled in Lovington Township, where the father died June 20, 1870. The mother survived for some years, her decease taking place April 2, 1889. They had a family of ten children of whom our subject was the ninth in order of birth.
William Shirey was born in Greencastle, Cumberland County, Pa., January 26,1846. He came to the Prairie State with his parents in the spring of 1861, and continued under his parental roof until he became of age and was ready to take upon himself the responsibilities of a home. He was married in Macon County, April 5, 1886, to Miss Marty C. Coe, a daughter of John and Rachael (Kaylor) Coe. The father passed away in Macon County, this State. The mother died in Lovington Township at the residence of her son William. Mrs. Mary C. Shirey was born in Ross County, Ohio. After the wedding the young couple settled first in Macon County, where they continued to live until the spring of 1869, when Mr. Shirey came to Moultrie County and settled in Lovington Township, where he has since been a resident.
It is not every man who has concentration of purpose and patience enough to be a farmer. While there are always any number of details about a farm to be worked out, the principal work of planting and waiting for the outcome, is one of weary patience that is frequently tried to the uttermost by the thousand and one drawbacks that are inevitable to agriculture - drouth, flood, rust, grasshoppers, early or late frosts, are only a beginning of the trials that one might mention, that a farmer must endure patiently and uncomplainingly, and for which no one is to blame. He of whom we write has placed excellent improvements on his farm and is the owner of three hundred and twenty acres of good land, well located watered and drained. The latest improvements in agricultural implements are in use upon the place, and every acre is made to product to the uttermost. He is engaged in general farming. Their home is an ideal one in point of comfort and attractiveness from a domestic point of view; not hung with the richest tapestries, boasting no paintings by great masters, it is yet the abiding-place of content, and a pleasant assurance that each member of the family is the recipient of the affection and loving confidence of the others. Mr. and Mrs. Shirey are the parents of four living children who names are John Alpha, Willis B., Myrtle M. and Gracie Alice. Other little ones have come to the parents as buds of promise, but drooped and withered in their infancy and were gathered up by the diving hand, and now shed the sweetness of their spirits in a higher world.
Mrs. Shirey is an amiable and womanly woman, a discreet and wise mother, who studies the interests of her children, not from an envious or vainly ambitious standpoint, but seeking to help them to be men and women whose principles of right and honor shall be so high and perfect and whose intellects shall be so developed, that they will be honorable additions to whatever phase of life they may be placed.
He of whom we write has held many of the township offices, in local political life. He has been elected Highway Commissioner, in the smaller places an important office, that is not always so conscientiously attended to as it should be, but Mr. Shirey's constituents have no reason to complain of him in this respect, for he fully realizes that the public highways are the veins and arteries through which flow the wealth of the nation. He has also held the position of Treasurer of Lovington Township, and that even more important post, that of School Director. This is, indeed, an almost sacred office, for the selection of our teachers and the government of school affairs is one which should be given the most minute attention and wisest judgment. In his political relations he is a member of the Republican party and the tenets and doctrines of that body are to him vital, by both association and inherited opinion. Mrs. Shirey is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, while her husband is liberal in his religious belief. Socially he is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and also fraternizes with both Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias. The indomitable spirit that our subject inherits from his father is apparent in all his dealings. While living in Maryland, Samuel Shirey met with a severe loss by the burning of his wagon shop, and also his blacksmith shop, which was connected with the first-named. In this catastrophe he lost nearly all he had, but was undismayed and manfully set about retrieving his position. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Sullivan, Moultrie County, is happy in having among its list of citizens a number of men who are deeply interested in educational affairs, and sufficiently capable of being intelligent guides of its public schools. Among such we count Mr. Shuman, a practical and successful farmer living in Sullivan, and managing a farm upon sections 7 and 18, East Nelson Township. He there has a splendid property of four hundred and forty-two acres, which is well stocked, and most of it handsomely improved. He is a thrifty and practical farmer and stock-raiser and handles fine breeds of stock.
Besides his agricultural pursuits he has been for some five years associated with the Sullivan Progress as he removed to Sullivan from East Nelson Township several years ago. He was elected in 1882 by the Democracy of the county to the office of County Clerk, which position he filled with much satisfaction for eight years, his second term closing in 1890. For a number of years he was a member of the Board of Supervisors while living in East Nelson, and has been in the county since 1861. He was educated for a teacher at Lebanon, Ill., where he was graduated at McKendree College in the Class of 1872, and afterward taught in St. Clair County for some four winters. He had been a student in the city schools of Shelbyville before entering college. He began to teach in the public schools in 1872, and then engaged in farming for a number of years. Mr. Shuman was born in Philadelphia, Pa., February 21, 1843, his father, Charles G. Shuman, having come to the United States from Germany when a young man, and having learned there the trade of a shoemaker. In that city he married his wife, Mary Eberhart, who was also a native of Germany, and who had come to this country when young. After the birth of two children this worthy couple removed to Louisville, Ky., and there the father started a shop and conducted a prosperous business until 1847, when he removed with his wife and family to Edgar County, Ill., and there built up a trade at Dudley. In that village Charles G. Shuman passed away in l877, having reached the limits of three-score years and ten. He was a Lutheran in religion and a Democrat in politics. In his religious principles his wife sympathized most cordially, and she is still connected with the Lutheran Church, and is living in Edgar County, at a ripe old age.
Five sons and two daughters of this family are now living and are self-sustaining. He of whom we write was married in East Nelson Township, to Miss Mary McPheeters, who was born in Fayette County, Ky., January 25, 1848. She is a daughter of Maj. Addison McPheeters, for whose fuller history our reader is referred to the biography of Mr. A. W. McPheeters. Mrs. Shuman was quite young when her parents came to Illinois, and here she received her education and made her home until marriage. She is now the mother of four children, all of whom are still under the parental roof except one son, who has passed to the better world. Those who are at home are Bertha, Bliss and Irving. Mrs. Shuman is an earnest and active member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, where the entire family attend service. Mr. Shuman is prominently identified with the Blue Lodge of Masons, No. 764 of Sullivan, and is at present the Treasurer of the lodge. He is a great lover of education and one of the most useful members of the School Board. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Gottleib F. Silver
Although born in a land far distant from this, Mr. Silver is a stanch defender of the interests of his adopted home and there is within the bounds of Moultrie County no more patriotic citizen than he. From early childhood he has had his own way to make in the world and he has done well, for he has risen from poverty to a position of importance among his fellow-men. Nor has he been successful in accumulating a competency only, but in the best sense of the word he has been successful in gaining the respect of his associates, in justly winning a name for uprightness and honor, and in being numbered with the representative citizens of the county.
Wurtemberg, Germany, was the native place of our subject and February 10, 1828, the date of his birth. His immediate progenitors were John G. and Christian Silver, natives of the Fatherland, who came to America in 1832, seeking a home in this new country. They settled in Morgan County, Ohio, where the mother died in 1836. The father survived many years and passed from the busy scenes of earth in 1874, in Hocking County, Ohio. They had four sons and four daughters who attained to maturity, and our subject was among the younger members of the family.
Mr. Silver remembers few of the incidents of the voyage across the broad Atlantic, for he was only four years old when his parents emigrated to America. He passed his youth in Morgan and Hocking counties, Ohio, assisting his father upon the home farm in the summer while during a few months of the year he attended the common schools of the district. He was united in marriage October 20, 1851, in Hocking County, with Elizabeth Moutz, daughter of Gottleib and Catherine (Fritz) Moutz, both of Germany. Coming to America in 1832 they settled in Pennsylvania and after about two years spent there, they removed to Muskingum County, Ohio, where she died in the city of Zanesville. He passed from earth in Cincinnati, Ohio. Of their large family of children, Mrs. Silver is one of the younger members and she was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, November 16, 1829.
Hocking County was the first home of Mr. Silver after his marriage, and thence after several years spent there, he removed to Morgan County. Two years afterward he returned to Hocking County and sojourned there until 1873, engaged in farming operations and becoming known throughout the community as a thrifty agriculturalist and an honorable citizen. He came to Moultrie County in 1873 and settling on section 8, Lowe Township, proceeded at once to improve and cultivate the tract of land which he purchased there. He owns three hundred and twenty acres of fine land, which yields him yearly a tribute of golden grain. Farming has been almost his life pursuit, although for about ten years in Ohio he was a carpenter.
Five children came to bless the home of Mr. and Mrs. Silver and their record is as follows: Mary, the wife of David Van Curen; John F., who died when young; Elizabeth, who became the wife of S. E. Grant; John G., and William, who married Miss Nettie Buxton. In his political affiliations Mr. Silver is a Republican, and has served the people efficiently as Highway Commissioner three years. He and his estimable wife are members in good standing of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and he has been Superintendent of the Sunday school. They are genial, hospitable people, whose influence upon the community is apparent for good, and whose interest in the welfare of humanity is great. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William A. Smith, M. D.
One of the older men and physicians in Lovington, Dr. Smith belongs to a family that have experienced pioneer life in its many interesting, as well as trying aspects. His father was Nicholas C. Smith, who was born in Baltimore, Md., in 1784. From there he went to Westmoreland County, Pa., at an early age, and while there he learned the carpenter's trade and on the breaking out of the Patriot's War in 1812, he enlisted in the regular army for five years, and after the battle of Lake Erie he was transferred to the Western frontier. He was one of the first of fifty white men who ever set foot in Rock Island and assisted in erecting the Block House in that place and afterward erected another at Prairie du Chien, Wis. After his time of enlistment had expired he returned and settled in Davis County, Ind., where he was married late in the year 1823, to Miss Margaret Boos, who was born near Wheeling, W. Va., and was of Swiss and German ancestry.
After the marriage of our subject's parents they lived in Davis County, until the winter of 1830-31, when they removed to Parke County, Ind., and there continued to reside until the winter of 1836-37. They then removed to Montgomery County, Ind., at which place the father of the family died in the winter of 1849. Our subject's mother died in Tippecanoe County, Ind., about 1862. They were the parents of four sons and five daughters, our subject being the eldest of the family. He was born in Davis County. Ind., September 24. 1825. Up to the age of twenty, Dr. Smith made his home under the parental roof. At that age he went to Tippecanoe County, Ind., and August 16, 1846, he enlisted in Company K, in the regiment of Mounted Rifles and served through the Mexican War. At the end of the war he returned to Tippecanoe County and entered the employ of a gentleman by the name of Black who was engaged in the tanning business. Thus occupied he continued there until the spring of 1849, when, July 3, he was married in Clinton County, Ind., to Miss Sarah A. Stinson, who was born in Ohio, September 10, 1839. They settled in Tippecanoe County and there they continued to live until the spring of 1860, when the Doctor came to Sidney, Champaign County, this State.
Long having had a taste for medicine, but never having had an opportunity to gratify his inclination in that direction, in the winter of 1849, he embraced a chance which offered itself to begin reading medicine under Dr. Moses Baker, and continued with him until 1857. At that time he attended a course of lectures at the Rush Medical College in Chicago, remaining in that city during the winter of 1857-58. In the spring of 1858 he entered upon the practice of his profession at Odells Corners, in Tippecanoe County, Ind., remaining there until the spring of 1860, when he went to Sidney. Here he remained for one, year but in the spring of 1861, removed to Newman, Douglas County, this State, and practiced there until 1878, with the exception of one year (1873) which he passed at Kansas Station, this State, in 1878, he removed to Ellis, Ellis County, Kan., and there made his home for two years, but Indiana re-asserting her old claim over his affection and loyalty, he returned and settled in Parke County. He remained in that county until 1885 when he came to Lovington, making his advent here in April of the last named year. Being one of the older practitioners, he here enjoys a confidence and regard that many of the younger men could hardly expect to have attained so soon, however able and worthy they may be.
Dr. Smith is the father of six living children whose names are respectively: James C., Alice, Moses B., Anna G., Emma E. and Eva. The eldest son is a railroad man being engaged as a conductor on a railroad in Kansas. Alice is the wife of B. G. Bills; Moses B. is also a railroad conductor; Emma E. is the wife of Walter Liston of Decatur, this State, while Anna G. and Eva still complete the family circle and give a tone of freshness and youth to the social circle that would otherwise be marked by the sedateness of advanced years. One child was taken away from them in girlhood. Julia C. was but fifteen years of age when she died and her decease was a great blow to her parents and friends for she was at the loveliest period of budding womanhood, and promised to be a woman of whom her parents might well be proud.
Mrs. Smith is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and has been so connected for many years. The Doctor is liberal in his religious belief. He has for many years been a Mason, having been so made in Laruramie Lodge, Tippecanoe County, Ind., in 1849. He was conspicuously engaged in the Mexican War, during which he took part in all the engagements under Gen. Scott from the landing of Vera Cruz to the capture of the City of Mexico, at which his company was the first to enter the gates of the city after its capture on the morning of September 14, 1847. After having performed heroic service his regiment was discharged by special Act of Congress August 28, 1848.
While in Ellis County, Kan., Dr. Smith met with serious reverses on account of failure of crops. He had invested much of his money in a tract of land, but having sustained such heavy losses in other directions he was compelled to dispose of his land at a great sacrifice. In spite of the fact that he had at this time passed his youth, he set about retrieving his losses and with an indomitable will and energy succeeded in a great degree in so doing. He is now in the possession of a good practice in Lovington and is much loved among the people of that place. In connection with this sketch a lithographic portrait of Dr. Smith is presented to our readers. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William J. Snyder
The gentleman whose biography it is our pleasure to here give, at least in outline, is noted for the interest that he takes in the moral and religious good of the community; although he has been and is a successful farmer, he is a deeply religious man and devotes more time to the progress of mental, moral and spiritual life than to financial gain for himself. He is now one of the county Sunday-school workers, having been Superintendent for years, and once President of the County Board. He is at present one of the executives, and is also a standing delegate to the State conventions that meet in the interest of this work. In the business of general farming, Mr. Snyder devotes himself mainly to stock-raising, having one of the best stock farms in Flat Branch Township, being located on section 8, where he owns four hundred and twenty acres. All of this is under the plow. His buildings are all first class in construction, and the place is well stocked. Every improvement is the work of his own hands. He purchased the farm in 1866, locating on it the following year. It was then a wild brush patch, but with undaunted energy he set about clearing it, planted fine shade and fruit trees, tilled the fields and divided the meadows into paddocks wherein are now found horses, cattle, sheep and swine of high grade and breeding. Naturally Mr. Snyder is a progressive farmer and is never satisfied with well enough.
Prior to the coming of our subject to this State, he was a resident of Christian County, where he was born in Prairie Township, May 28, 1842. There he was reared and educated, going through the common schools and finishing at the High School at Mt. Zion, in Macon County. At the breaking out of the war, before he was quite twenty years of age, he enlisted in Company H, One Hundred and Sixteenth Illinois Infantry, Col. N. W. Tucker (now deceased) and Capt. J. L. Dobson, now at Salisbury, Mo., in command. They joined Gen. Sherman's Army of the Tennessee, and were with them in the battle of Oxford, Tenn. Our subject saw much service during his experience in the war and was honorably discharged in 1862. He later, however, re-enlisted in the Thirteenth New York Heavy Artillery, Company L, and did marine service on the United States steamer "Parks," Col. Howard commanding. This steamer was particularly and conspicuously engaged in capturing rebel torpedoes and in preventing the rebels from destroying the Union provisions at Petersburg. It also captured many local fleets and both commissioned and non-commissioned officers. It also captured the James River pirate, Capt. Hines. While this little marine band saw comparatively little hard fighting, they did a great deal of active and valuable service and won for themselves many laurels. Our subject received his final discharge at Newbern, N. C. in 1865. He was never wounded or taken prisoner, but suffered from experiences known to the kind of army life he had served, being swamped in the surf at Port Fisher, with many of his regiment.
After the war, Mr. Snyder returned to his home in this State and devoted his time to his business as a farmer. He has been remarkably successful and of his abundant store, he is generous and open handed. He is a son of Michael Snyder, of whom a further sketch may be found in another part of this volume. He was married in Brown County, Ohio, to Miss Eliza A. Grinner, who was a native of that State and county. She was there reared and educated, where her parents lived and died. Mrs. Snyder is an intelligent and capable woman and makes a charming home for her husband and children, who show the influence of refined and cultured home training. Our subject and his wife are the parents of six children, they are: Lula M., who is engaged as a teacher in the public schools of the township therein she lives. She was educated at the Wesleyan College at Bloomington, this State; Ernest F., May Bell C., William R., Lida Pearl and Grace G., who are all at home at home and make the family life merry with their brightness and intelligent converse. Our subject and his wife are popular young people. Mr. Snyder is a member of the Evangelical Association, while his wife is a member of the Lutheran Church. He is associated in all his work with the best men in the township and county. Politically he casts his vote and influence with the Prohibition party.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
L. M. Spitler
For more than twenty years, Mr. Spitler has been closely connected with the development of Moultrie County and since 1880 he has been prominent in the business and political circles of Sullivan. He is a general merchant and dealer in staple and fancy groceries, glass and queensware, and ranks among the most enterprising business men of the village. Prior to embarking in business as a merchant he operated a farm, upon which he located in 1871. Not only has he been influential in business circles, but in all matters of public moment he is interested. He has served efficiently as City Councilman and in other ways aided in the prosperity of the place. Politically he is a staunch Republican and never fails to deposit a ballot in the interest of that party. Mr. Spitler is descended from German forefathers. His great-grandfather crossed the broad Atlantic from Germany prior to the Revolutionary War and settled in Virginia, where he and his wife both died. Among their large family was a son named Jacob, who was reared to farming pursuits and grew to manhood in his native State. There he was married to a Virginia lady and there several children were born to them, including the father of our subject, whose given name was Henry. The latter was a youth of fourteen years when, in 1809, he accompanied his parents to Fairfield County, Ohio.
At that time Ohio was a wilderness and the Spitler family began life there as pioneers, improving the farm from the heavy timber lands and enduring all the hardships which fell to those brave men who opened a pathway for modern civilization. Jacob Spitler and his wife became prominent in the sparsely settled community and were active members of the Baptist Church. They died in Fairfield County at a good old age. After Henry Spitler had reached manhood he married Miss Mary S. Seitz, a native of Virginia and of German descent. She was only eleven years old when her parents removed to Fairfield County, Ohio, and there she grew to womanhood. After their marriage Henry Spitler and his wife settled on a farm in Fairfield County, where they both died at the age of seventy-four years, the mother surviving the father three years. They also belonged to the Baptist Church and the father voted the Democratic ticket. Our subject, who was a twin, was one of a family of sixteen children, eight of whom are yet living, all married and with families of their own. In his native county our subject grew to a vigorous manhood, receiving an academic education at the Fairfield Union Academy and afterward following the profession of a teacher for several years. He taught one term after coming to Illinois. Mr. Spitler owes much of the comfort with which he is surrounded to the untiring efforts of his wife, with whom he was united in marriage in Fairfield County, Ohio, in 1854. She was known in maidenhood as Margaret D. Friend, and was born in Fairfield County in 1826. Her parents, Jonas and Mary A. (Daily) Friend, were natives of Maryland and were married in Pennsylvania and settled at an early day in Fairfield County, Ohio. There they improved and cultivated a farm until their death, full of years and honor. They were good religious people and consistent members of the Baptist Church. They had a family of eight children, six of whom survive, all past middle age and with families. Mrs. Spitler was carefully reared at home and is a woman whose nobility of character and kindness of heart win for her friends wherever she is known. The otherwise happy union of our subject and his good wife has been saddened by the death of their only son. Jefferson D., who died at the age of thirty-two years. His death occurred in California, whither he had gone for his health. He left a wife, whose maiden name was M. E. Harvey, and who is now living in Sullivan, engaged in the millinery business. The surviving child, Mary J., is still under the parental roof and is an intelligent and refined young lady. Mr. and Mrs. Spitler are prominent in social circles and although not communicants of any church, are held in high esteem for their recognized worth of character.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Titus T. Springer
Since locating in Moultrie County, the gentleman of whom we write has been very successful in a business way. His friends characterize him as a manly man and a gentleman, one with keen business instinct, who, although still young, has had wide experience, having been engaged in business for himself at eighteen years of age. He is the senior member of the firm of Skinner & Stocks, hardware merchants at Lake City, who also deal in farm implements. Mr. Springer became a resident of Moultrie County in 1876 and for the past eight years has been engaged as a merchant at Lake City. He has been in his present business for only one year, but already it promises to be a pecuniary success. Our subject was born in the town of Jackson, Ill., January 1, 1852, and is the son of Lawson and Margaret (Hinson) Springer, natives of New York and Ohio respectively. The father of our subject was a farmer. He died in Jackson County, Ohio, in 1857 and left eight children, there being three sons and five daughters. Two daughter, Jenny and Lydia, died in early womanhood, and six members of the family grew to years of maturity and became heads of families of their own. Sarah married Ambrose Davis and is a resident of Ross County, Ohio; Louisa married Joseph Ziegler, also of Ross County, Ohio; Drusilla became the wife of Samuel Mulvana and lives at Burlington, Iowa; Pleasant is a resident of Jackson County, Ohio, and Wheeler of Moultrie County. The original of our sketch is the youngest of his family. Reared on the home farm he received a good common-school education. In 1870 he went to Richmondale, Ohio, and engaged in a general mercantile business, continuing there until 1876, at which time he came to Moultrie Country [sic] and purchased a farm. For a time after coming here he engaged in the general merchandise business. Endowed with unusual financial and executive ability Mr. Springer has been successful in his business efforts. He was only twenty years of age when he came to this county and at the present time, besides the business above mentioned, he is the owner of a drug store at Lake City. He also deals in grain, coal and groceries, and at Williamsburg carries on a general mercantile business. He owns all the business houses in which he has stock and other property comprising dwellings and store buildings. Mr. Springer was married in 1870 when but eighteen years of age to Miss Nancy Sinclair, a daughter of T. D. Sinclair. She is a native of Jackson County, Ohio, and was born January 17, 1851. Our subject and his wife have had six children. The oldest, Walter J., died in early boyhood. Five are living at the present time. Lawson is in charge of a store at Williamsburg; the others are Lydia, William, Charles and Jessie. He is a man who may always be depended upon in a political issue, being loyal to his county and section. He is a Justice of the Peace and a Notary, also a member of the School Board. Mr. Springer socially belongs to the Knights Templar.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William E. Stedman
William E. Stedman, M. D., one of the successful physicians and surgeons of Sullivan, Moultrie County, locating here in August, 1855, had formerly practiced in the little town of Horace, Edgar County, this State, where he began his profession in 1880. He is a native of Ohio, being born in Pike County, October 19, 1849, and is a son of Enoch Stedman, a native of Chenango County, N. Y., being of English parentage. Enoch was yet a small boy when his father, who was a seafaring man and captain of a vessel, was lost at sea. When Enoch had reached his majority and while still unmarried he came to what was then known as the Western Reserve in Medina County, Ohio, and there married Elizabeth McConkey who had been born and reared in that county.
Samuel McConkey, the father of Mrs. Enoch Stedman, was a native of the North of Ireland and came while yet a young man to this country and in Ohio married a Scotch lady. After marriage Mr. and Mrs. McConkey lived on a farm in Medina County through all the remainder of their lives, surviving until they reached extreme old age. They were highly esteemed for their honorable Christian lives and were members of the Presbyterian Church.
After Enoch Stedman and wife were married they began life in Medina County, Ohio. Mr. Stedman being a cabinetmaker by trade, but somewhat later they removed to farm in Pike County and there remained for many years. He has now reached the age of eighty-three years and has retired from active life, making his home with his daughter, Mrs. Cordelia Daley, of Waverly, Ohio. The Methodist Church was the religious body in which Mr. Stedman was for many years an active worker and he is still a member of its communion. He is a staunch Jacksonian Democrat in politics. He was bereaved by the death of his wife in 1887, as she died full of years in Pike County. The thirteen children of this excellent couple were a source of great comfort and pride to their parents, and eight of them are yet living, all of these having established homes of their own. The common schools furnished the educational advantages which were conferred upon our subject and for eight years he was a teacher in Ohio and Illinois. He is by taste and habit scholarly and keeps up with the trend of the times upon every point of public interest. He was graduated in the Class of 1880 from the Kentucky School of Medicine at Louisville, where he had been for three or four years. He had also studied under different preceptors in Waverly, Ohio, and Coles County, Ill., at the former place being favored with the instruction of Wells J. W. Jones, M. D., and at the latter place having as his teacher Dr. J. R. Hawthorn. Like many another poor boy he had to make his way upward by dint of push, pluck and perseverance and found it necessary to teach school in order to secure the means of acquiring a medical education, but his efforts have been crowned with success and he has reached the goal which his early ambition pointed out. The happy wedding day of our subject, which united him with Miss Ella Jenkins, of Edgar County, this State, came upon January 12, 1878. This lady was born, reared and educated in Ohio and came to Edgar County with her parents, Martin and Amanda (Sillcott) Jenkins, who live in Sullivan, having retired from active work as farmers. They are active and useful members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and Mr. Jenkins espouses the cause of the Republican party. Mrs. Stedman is a bright, earnest, capable woman, who is prominent as a leader in social circles and faithful and efficient as a home-maker and a wife. Both she and her husband are useful in their church relations and belong to the Methodist Church. The Doctor affiliates with the Democratic party and is a member of the Subordinate Lodge of Moultrie, No. 158, I. O. O. F. He is also a Knight of Pythias, belonging to Moultrie Lodge No. 222.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
One of the well-known farmers residing on section 11, Lowe Township, Moultrie County, is a son of James and Sarah Taylor. The father is still living, but the mother passed away some time since in Douglas County, this State. They had a family of eleven children, of whom our subject was the eldest, and he was born in Tippecanoe County, Ind., May 2, 1842.
Our subject was eight years old when his parents came to Illinois and settled in Douglas County, where this son was reared to manhood and received his education and training upon the farm and in the district school. He remained under the parental roof until he reached the period of manhood and was married in Moultrie County, March 4, 1864, his bride being Mary J. Nelson, a native of Virginia. After living upon his father's farm for a few years he removed with his wife to Texas, but not being satisfied with life in that region, he remained there only about eighteen months. Returning to Illinois, R. Taylor settled on the tract of land where he now resides - a fine farm, well improved and comprising some eighty acres. Six children have been granted to this worthy couple, three of whom died in infancy and the three who survive are James F. Norah and Harvey. The principles of the Democratic party embody the political views of Mr. Taylor, and he is interested in the progress of that party, although not an active politician. The office of School Director has been well filled by him, and while an incumbent of that position he did much to forward the educational interests of the township. Both he and his good wife are earnest and active members of the New Light Church, and he ever takes a prominent part in religious movements. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William H. Taylor
The business men of Dalton City are well-known throughout Moultrie and adjoining counties as worthy of high esteem on account of their thoroughgoing integrity, their active enterprise and their promptness in responding to the necessities of a business life. They have brought forward the financial interests of Dalton and made the young town one of mark in the county and throughout this portion of the State, and it is well for the rising generation to study not only their methods but their characters, as they are worth of emulation. The lumber merchant whose name appears at the head of this writing, located in Dalton in 1881, establishing the business which he has since conducted continuously. He was born in Wayne County, Ill., May 23, 1853, being a son of Robert and Mahala (Hawk) Taylor, both natives of Ohio, who settled in Wayne County in 1853 and are still residents there where the father is carrying on a farm.
The subject of this sketch is the third in a family of seven living children, there being nine in the number originally. He was reared upon the farm and educated in the district schools, and in March, 1875, he went to Macon County and pursued farming until 1880, when he began work in a lumber yard. In the fall of 1880 he became to Dalton City and took charge of the lumber business for S. D. Moore, becoming in 1883 a partner in the business, and two years later assuming the proprietorship and establishing also a trade in agricultural implements.
Mr. Taylor was married in January, 1881, to Anna Bottemfield, daughter of John and Maria Bottemfield, of Macon County, Ill. Her nativity was in Ohio, January 30, 1857. She has two lovely and interesting children, Edna Verne and Lynn. A number of local offices have been filled by Mr. Taylor to the satisfaction and profit of the community. He is a Republican in his political ties and an earnest advocate of the principles announced in the platform of that party. The Methodist Episcopal Church forms the religious home in whose communion and labors Mr. Taylor chooses to place himself. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William Thunemann is a dealer in and manufacturer of harness and saddlery in Sullivan, Moultrie County, and is located on the north side of the public square where he has been in business for many years, having opened his establishment here in 1861. He first began in a small way and has since built up a large business and a good trade, having been located in three different places in the city since coming here. He has an enviable reputation as a skilled workman and turns out some very line pieces of work.
Our subject came to Sullivan from Chicago in 1858, but worked on a farm until 1861. He had come to Chicago from Philadelphia, where he had been for two years, as he first located there on coming to this country from Germany in 1856. His native home was in one of the Rhenish Provinces, and he was born September 8, 1820, upon the banks of the beautiful and picturesque river Rhine. His parents William and Anna M. (Putz) Thunemann were of pure German stock, the former being born in Saxony and the latter upon the river Rhine. They were married and began life near her native home during the period of the Napoleonic wars. The father worked in the Government service, superintending a large harness shop which furnished equipments for the Russian Army, and he was thus engaged through out the war. Later in life he started in business on his own account and died near his native home in 1852, being then sixty-two years old. His wife passed away six years later at the age of seventy-nine. She was a devoted member of the Roman Catholic Church but her husband brought up the children in his own faith, that of the Evangelical Church.
Our subject is the youngest of the parental household, of whom but two are now living, his brother Jacob being a harness-maker in the Rhenish Province of Odenkieekeu, and being now seventy-four years old, a well preserved and active businessman. One of his sons, Paul, a fine young businessman, is with his uncle in business. Mr. Thunemann learned his trade when about fourteen years of age and has continued in its exercise ever since. He was married in his native province to Anna M. Gilbert, who was born February, 22, 1828, of good German stock, her father being a weaver of fine cloth and a farmer. Both he and his faithful wife, who like himself, spent her entire days in her native land, found in the Evangelical Church a religious home.
Mrs. Thunemann was reared in her native province and after her marriage she became the mother of two children before emigrating to this country. The little family left Antwerp on a sailing vessel which bore the name of "Matilda," and after five weeks upon the ocean they landed in New York City and traveled from there to Philadelphia. Somewhat later they came West, stopping first at Chicago in the fall of 1857, before coming to Sullivan which they reached in 1858. In May, 1875, our subject and his wife returned to their Fatherland and visited the old home. They had the pleasure of seeing the Emperor William and in October of the same year they returned to their home in Sullivan. They are the parents of four children, namely: Johanna, the wife of Edward J. Gilham, who is traveling for a St. Louis House in Southern Illinois; Mary, the wife of Charles Barnhart, the manager of the new Litchfield House at Litchfield; Margaret, who is a teacher in the public schools of Spokane Falls, Wash., and Emma, who is at home and a teacher of music. The members of the family belong to the Presbyterian Church and are active in the exercise of their religious duties. Mr. Thunemann is an intelligent student of our American institutions and a Republican in politics. He has been for thirteen years one of the City Aldermen. In connection with this biographical notice a portrait of Mr. Thunemann is presented to our readers.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
J. B. Titus
We are pleased to present to our readers a biographical sketch of one of the prosperous citizens, thoroughly educated gentlemen and old settlers of Sullivan, Moultrie County. He is one of the best known characters in this part of the county, and after having been an active and successful attorney, is now leading a retired life and looking after his real-estate interests in the place. He has been a resident of the place since 1856, and one of its attorneys since 1862. The well-known attorney, Hon. John R. Eden, and Judge Meeker, have been his partners. Some of the most valuable buildings in Sullivan have been put up by Mr. Titus, notably the Opera House block, which he owns, and he has in the county some twelve hundred acres of land, most of it being in Sullivan Township, and all of it being finely improved. He is one of the large property owners of the county, and the improvements upon his land have been mostly placed there by himself. He was County Clerk from 1865 to 1869, and while Supervisor of Sullivan Township, was Chairman of the Board. He has always been a live Democrat, and is frequently a delegate to State conventions.
Our subject was born in Brookville, Franklin County, Ind., and received his education in Miami College, being graduated in the Class of '58, and receiving the two degrees of Bachelor of Arts, and Master of Arts. While in that institution, one of his instructors was Prof. David Swing, who is now so notable as a preacher in Chicago. After leaving Miami he entered the Law School at Cincinnati, and was graduated at the Cincinnati Law College in the Class of '60. He then spent two years in a law office in Cincinnati before coming to this place and also spent some time in teaching. He is a notable linguist, being the master of five different languages, and stands high among scholarly men. Mr. Titus has two children - a son, William R., who is a practical farmer in Sullivan Township, and a daughter Winnie, who is still at home with her father attending school and studying music, in which latter branch she is quite skillful. As a public-spirited man, a broad thinker and a progressive citizen, Mr. Titus is a prominent figure in Sullivan. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Thomas T. Townley
Men of strict integrity, whose lives are governed by prudence and principle, are the real backbone of any community. The reliance which their fellow-men are able to place upon them strengthens every commercial transaction and reinforces that confidence in human nature which is the prime essential in all dealings between man and man. This necessary help in the upbuilding of a community is given by such men as Mr. Townley, an old settler of East Nelson Township, whose active life has brought him into relations with many of the men in Moultrie County, and whose public-spirited course has ever commended him to those who have had dealings with him.
Our subject is of English parentage, his father, William, having been born in Manchester and his mother, Sarah (Acton) Townley, being also a native of England. They were married August 3, 1815. They were both born in Manchester. This worthy and intelligent family came to America about the year 1827, although the father had come to this country one year previous. He was a machinist and found employment in the manufacture of cotton thread at Manayunk, and located his family in that city some eight miles from of Philadelphia. He remained there for almost eight years, after which he took charge of a machine shop of Brandywine Creek for about a year and later of another shop on the Schuylkill River. His work while in the vicinity of Philadelphia was in the line of making machinery for these different factories. He had built a factory in England, on German Street, Manchester, for a man named Duck.
About the year 1837, one year after the close of the Black Hawk War, the father of our subject came to Illinois and secured one hundred and sixty acres of fine land in Shelby County and in the fall of that year he brought his family on from the East and settled down upon his land and devoted himself entirely to agricultural pursuits. Afterward he added to it by purchase till he had six hundred acres. Both he and his good wife finally passed away in Shelby County. She died April 12, 1853, and he May 28, 1860. They had six living children, of whom Thomas T. was the eldest.
Manchester, England, Thomas Street, was the native home of Thomas Townley, and July 23, 1810, was the date of his birth. He came to America with his father's family, and remaining with them, did not come West until the fall of 1837. His marriage took place June 12, 1839, in what is now Hickory Township, and his bride, who was known in her maidenhood as Emily D. Apple, who was born in Philadelphia. They settled in Whitley Township and there established a happy home. This wife became the mother of two children, who lived to years of maturity, namely: Thomas W. and Francis, but she herself passed away, leaving her husband and children to mourn her loss. Her death occurred February 26, 1850. The second marriage of Mr. Townley took place March 11, 1851, in Edgar County, Ill., and he was then united with a lady of unusual amiability and character, who was known in her maidenhood as Mary Barnes and was born in Ohio February 5, 1828. She brought to the arduous and onerous duties of her position all the powers of her fine character and warm-hearted devotion, and was successful in the training, not only of her three children - George, Lucy and Josie - but of the two whom she found in her husband 's home. When Mr. Townley removed from Whitley Township he came to East Nelson Township and settled upon section 35, where he has since been a resident. Upon his splendid farm of five hundred acres he has erected good buildings, which are an ornament to the township. In his encumbency of the office of Highway Commissioner he has greatly benefited the traveling community. He has a good blacksmith shop upon his farm. which he uses to advantage, as he has worked at that business for some thirty years, in connection with his farm.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Frank Trainer, the editor and publisher of the Echo at Bethany, became a resident of Moultrie County in 1887, and on April 14 of that year issued the first copy of the Echo, which is now a seven-column folio, and is published as an independent local newspaper, devoted to the interest of Bethany and its vicinity. This gentleman was born in Meigs County, Ohio, September 28, 1862, his parents being Samuel and Amanda (West) Trainer, natives of Pennsylvania and Ohio, respectively. They were married in Ohio and settled in Megis County, on a farm, where the mother died January 27, 1876, at the age of fifty-three years, and where the father still resides, enjoying a green old age, as he is now seventy-seven years old, having been born in June, 1814. The ten children of this worthy couple were equally divided between sons and daughters, and our subject was next to the youngest in age. He was reared upon the farm and educated in the common schools. In 1881 he came to Illinois and taught school in Macon County, and in 1885 he entered a printing office in Macon City and there learned "the art preservative of all arts," after which he again engaged in teaching. It was in 1887 when he located at Bethany and established the paper which he has since owned and edited.
Mr. Trainer had married in 1885, before coming to Bethany, Miss Hala Bricker, daughter of Aaron and Louisa Bricker. She was born in Fayette County, Ill., and is now the mother of two beautiful children, Arthur and Alva Dean. The Cumberland Presbyterian Church is the religious body with which the young couple are identified, and their influence is ever cast in the direction of morality and Christianity. Although Mr. Trainer has not been a resident of the town long, he is a young man who is universally liked and well spoken of by the older members of the community, and he bids fair to make his mark in the future history of Moultrie County. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
James H. Vadakin
James H. Vadakin, M.D., Ph. G., is a practicing physician at Bethany, well-known in this part of the State as for ten years he has been here an extensive merchant. He was born in Sullivan, Ill., March 30, 1861 and is a son of Henry F. and Aseneth (Clemmons) Vadakin. The former was a native of the Green Mountain State where the Vadakin family has lived for several generations, the paternal grandfather of our subject being there a miller at an early day. Philip Vadakin, grandfather of him of whom we write, came to this State in an early day and settled in East Nelson Township, Moultrie County, where he was about the first settler. He it was, who platted and laid out the town, which was intended originally to become the County Seat of Moultrie County, he having settled previous to the formation of the county. There he passed his remaining years and his remains lie interred in East Nelson Township. The father of our subject was but a boy when the family came to what was then the far West, but young as he was, he performed the duties of driver from Vermont to Illinois, his beasts of burden being a yoke of oxen. He was studious and fond of books, and was his own teacher to a great degree. He entered the public schools as a teacher and saving the money that he earned in this way, he was enabled before a great while to engage in business at Sullivan, about the time that place became the county seat. His first effort in a business way was made in general merchandise, and later he engaged in the drug trade, although the last business with which he occupied himself was that of a grocer. Some years before his death he retired from active business life, being enable to live comfortably on the interest of what he had accumulated, having been successful in business. His death occurred in 1888.
The mother of our subject was born in Shelby County, she being a second cousin of Samuel Clemmons, better known under his nom de plume of Mark Twain. She died in 1873. Both parents were members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and were deeply interested in the spread of the Gospel work. Politically the father was a Democrat and during the latter part of his life held the post of Corner of this county. They were the parents of five sons and two daughters. Three of the sons, however, died in infancy, and only four children are now living (1891), namely: Dora, Mrs. Kilner, of Sullivan; Aggie is the wife of W. B. Townsend and resides in Shelbyville; James H. our subject, and Edward Lincoln who is the editor of the Forest City Times at Forest City, Ark.
The original of our sketch received his early education in the public schools of Sullivan and is a graduate of the Rockford High School and also of Becker's Business College at Rockford, Ill., after which he entered the School of Pharmacy at Carbondale, this State, from which he was graduated in 1882. Thus fitted for active life, in the same year he established a drug business at Bethany, having previous clerked in a drug store at Sullivan. To this business he added a general stock of goods and carried on a large and successful trade. During these years he also engaged in the manufacture of patent medicines, among them being "Casterole," "Vadakin's Instant Relief," "Sticky Fly Paper," and some fifty other things, and being a thorough business man and a liberal advertiser at that time, his remedies soon became known. Throughout his business career, he had been constantly engaged in reading medicine and in 1890 entered the Kentucky School of Medicine. That same year he graduated in microscopy, surgery and chemistry. In 1891 he graduated in the full medical course, receiving the degree of M.D. with highest honors. A diploma for bacteriology was also conferred upon him. During his college course he acted as assistant demonstrator in surgery, microscopy and pathology, assisting Dr. Matthews in treating diseases of the rectum. On leaving the college he was the recipient of fine testimonials from his preceptors. In 1891, our subject sold his general business at Bethany and gave his entire attention to his profession. In 1883 Dr. Vadakin was united in marriage to Nora M. daughter of W. L t. Meacham, a merchant at Waverly, Ill., and successor to the Doctor in his business at Bethany. Mrs. Vadakin was born in Waverly this State, May 1, 1864. She has presented her husband with three children: Diamond is the only one living, and is a sunny tempered child of seven years; the two youngest whose names were Ruby and Pearl, died in childhood. The latter was but five years of age when her death occurred at Louisville, Ky., June 13, 1891. The little thing was bright and had a remarkable voice for one so young.
Politically the original of our sketch is a Democrat although he gives but small attention to politics, except to perform his duties as a citizen. Both he and his wife are members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Socially he is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and also of the Modern Woodmen of America, being Camp Physician of said fraternity. He is also local surgeon for the Peoria, Decatur & Evansville Railroad. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
George W. Vaughan
Prominent among the public men of Sullivan, and eminent as a church and Sunday- school worker is the gentleman whose name heads this paragraph. He is no office seeker but an earnest worker in the rank and file of the Democratic party and has at the earnest request of his fellow-citizens, filled the offices of Supervisor and Deputy County Treasurer. His work in the line of Sunday-schools, has brought him before the best people of the county, as he has been President of the county organization and sits as delegate in most of the State Sunday-school conventions. He is now the President of the County Sunday-school Association. Mr. Vaughan is a retired farmer and stock-raiser, residing in a comfortable home on Jackson Street. He removed to the city from his large farm in Sullivan Township in October, 1886, leaving an estate which he had materially decreased in extent by gifts to his children. The well-improved tract which he still retains comprises two hundred acres, most of which he has brought from its native condition to a well drained and highly cultivated state. He has been a successful farmer in this county where he has lived since 1842 and now enjoys the benefits of his labors. Our subject was born in Shelby County in 1833, his parents having settled in Shelbyville in 1829. His father, James W. Vaughan was a soldier in the Black Hawk War and served as a private under Gen. Atkinson, and helped to bury the dead after Maj. Stillman's defeat near Dixon's Ferry. After peace was concluded and the Indians were sent beyond the Father of Waters, Mr. Vaughan came back to Shelby County, and there devoted himself to his trade. He was a mechanic and gunsmith and at the same time operated a farm. In 1842 he removed from Shelby County, where he had been a pioneer, to Whitley Township, Moultrie County, and later came to Sullivan but in January, 1864 removed to Coles County where he continued active in his trade and upon the farm until his death which occurred June 21, 1890, when he was past eighty-four years old. He was born in Virginia December 8, 1805, and was the son of Woody Vaughan who died when James was only eight years old. The family is of English stock with some German admixture and came to this country prior to the Revolutionary War. The mother of James W. Vaughan was a Miss Farrer, who was of German descent and who came with her family to Illinois in 1829 and died in Shelby County at a very advanced age, passing away as did her husband in the enjoyment of a beautiful Christian faith.
James W. Vaughan was eight years old when his mother moved to Tennessee and in 1829, after his marriage to Jemima McNealy a native of Tennessee he came to Illinois. This noble and lovely Christian wife died in Moultrie County at the age of fifty-four years. She had been a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church most of her life. The second matrimonial union of Mr. Vaughn was with Mrs. Melinda A. Ellis, nee Phillips, who is yet living and now at the age of seventy-three years makes her home in Coles County. She is a member of the Free Will Baptist Church, in which her husband, James W. Vaughan was for almost fifty years a minister. He was an earnest and hard working servant in the vineyard of the Lord, and filled many pulpits in this State. He was universally recognized as an earnest pioneer minister and rode from point to point on horseback to meet appointments and to minister to the spiritual wants of the people in the days when neighbors were twenty miles apart.
Of the children of this pioneer preacher one, Samuel is a Baptist minister at Decatur, Ill.; three, William, John and George, were soldiers in the Union army, John being Lieutenant of his company, and being killed in the battle of Shiloh during the great charge of the Union forces. He and William belonged in Company B, Forty-first Illinois Infantry, and escaped unhurt and is now living near Bethany. Our subject enlisted in Company C, One Hundred and Twenty-sixth Illinois Infantry, under Capt. A. N. Smizer of Sullivan and Col. Richmond of Mattoon. This regiment took part in the siege of Vicksburg, holding the key to the city in the rear, keeping the rebels from entering through the Yazoo Valley. Later they went to Arkansas doing service at Duvall's Bluff and Little Rock. Our subject was commissioned Second Lieutenant at the time the company was organized, but owing to sickness was forced to resign and received his honorable discharge before the expiration of his term of service.
The first marriage of Mr. Vaughan united him with Miss Beulah Rhodes, who was born and reared in Shelby County and died in December 1880. She was the mother of two children now living: Arthur L., a farmer, who has married Nancy Hughes; and Ida the wife of Arthur Hampton, of Demorest, Ga. A daughter now deceased, Olivia, was the wife of S. F. Corley, a Dakota farmer. Our subject was again married at St. Joseph, Mo. to Miss Nancy C. Henry, who was born in Macon County, Ill., May 13, 1851. Her parents were John and Sybil (Truit) Henry. She resided in St. Joseph at the time of her marriage. She is the mother of three children one son Jay, having passed away. Leslie H. is afflicted with loss of hearing and is a student in the Deaf and Dumb Institution at Jacksonville and Donna M. the baby of the household is the delight of her parents, both of whom are active members of society and useful in their church relations being connected with the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
The gentleman whose name is at the head of this sketch is the owner of a fine farm located on section 23, of Whitley Township, Moultrie County. He is a native of this county, being born here June 5, 1838, and a son of George and Bethaney (Haney) Waggoner, who came to this State in April, 1828, and settled on Whitley Creek in what is now known as Whitley Township. The parents of our subject were natives of North Carolina, in which State they were married and whence they came to Illinois. At the time of their coming hither there was quite an exodus from their native town, several other families accompanying them and all came through in two one-horse wagons.
George Waggoner entered land in Whitley Township, and started out in life without a dollar. In the early days of their settlement here in order to get some flour or meal ground, he was obliged to journey to Vandalia with his wheat or corn and patronize a mill run by horse power. The nearest market was St. Louis, and at that time the butter, eggs and other produce of the farm had to be taken thither by wagon and sold in exchange for the necessary commodities of farm life. These were the inconveniences of pioneer settlement, but in many respects life was not hard, for game was plentiful, and the ground easily tilled and astonishingly fertile and productive. Indians, it is true, were numerous, but were also friendly. Although Mr. Waggoner was all his life an industrious, hard-working man, he remained a poor man. He lived to the age of four-score years and died June 12, 1875. Our subject's mother had died some years previously at the age of fifty-one years. The old people reared a family of twelve children, their names being as follows: Alvin, Robert and Cecilia are deceased; Sarah, William, Isaac C., Elizabeth, Isaiah, Hezekiah, Narcissa, Hannah and lra. Elizabeth married John B. Dougherty, she died in this county in November, 1889; Isaiah is a Baptist clergyman in Nebraska; Hannah is the widow of Thomas S. Dougherty. Our subject's parents were members of the old-school Baptist Church. He of whom we write was reared on a farm and received such early educational advantages as could be attained at the school which the district afforded in those early days.
He of whom we write was married in March 22, 1863, to Cornelia Bullock, a daughter of Stephen and Lavina (Hoyek) Bullock. She was born in Delaware County, N. Y., September 22, 1846 and came to this State with her parents in 1857, her family settling in Whitley Township on a farm. Mrs. Waggoner's parents died in 1879, her father having attained the age of three-score years and ten, while the mother was seventy-one years of age at the time of her death. The lady is one of seven children who were born to her parents and all first saw the light of day in the State of New York. One girl died in childhood in the Empire State and six came to this State with their parents. John died in this county; George resides in Lowe Township, as does also Reuben; Elisha lives in Greenwood County. Kan.; Cornelia is Mrs. Waggoner, wife of our subject; Milton resides in Lowe Township.
After marriage the original of our sketch settled on the farm There was originally but forty acres in the tract which he purchased and this was entirely unimproved land. He is now the owner of two hundred and forty acres of land, all of which is under most excellent cultivation. Mr. Waggoner has followed mixed husbandry and has been reasonably successful. He and his wife have made a pleasant home that is the rendezvous for the best for the best class of people in the neighborhood. They are the parents of eight children, seven of whom have lived to be grown. Their names are Milton; Narcissa F.; Quincy, who is the wife of U. G. Armentrout; Newton; Ruth; Cornelia and Richard. They are all bright, energetic and progressive. Those who have grown to be men and women take hold of the duties which lie nearest them and fulfill them to the best of their ability, which in itself. secures success. Mrs. Waggoner is a member of the Predestinarian Baptist Church. Politically he is a member of the Republican party, being a firm believer and adherent of every tenet and plank of its platform. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Michael H. Warren
Public-spirited citizens who are broad enough to take an interest in the affairs of the community in which they live and sufficiently shrewd and far-sighted to force opportunities for its improvement, are the richest heritage of any community, and Moultrie County is not poor in such. Among her sons who have thus shown the nobility of their natures and their ability to forward the welfare of the county, we are pleased to mention Michael H. Warren, a retired farmer and Notary Public residing at Arthur.
Our subject has been a resident of the county since May 19, 1859, and is by birth a Virginian, being born in Harrison County, that State, August 9, 1820. His parents, Abijah and Sarah (Shields) Warren, being natives of the Old Dominion, remained there until about 1840, when they removed to Athens County, Ohio, and made their homes at Nelsonville. About a year after their migration, Abijah Warren passed from earth and in 1844 the family returned to Virginia. In 1853 the mother came to Illinois and settled in Jonathan Creek Township, Moultrie County, upon a raw prairie farm. There she made her home and cared for her children until 1865, when her death occurred. There were nine in the family, all of whom grew to mature years and all became residents of Illinois.
Michael Warren was reared to farm work, but after he attained his majority he learned the trade of saddlery and harness-making and pursued this calling until he came to Illinois in 1859, when he purchased land in Jonathan Creek Township and carried on a farm for some years. In the meanwhile, he had purchased more land - some eighty acres - upon which the west half of Arthur is now located. He early foresaw the necessity for a good system of transportation to bring Moultrie County within reach of the great markets of the world and was liberal in his gifts to secure the location through Arthur of a railroad, giving some twenty acres to the railroad to secure this end. He purchased one hundred and sixty acres on Section 25, Lowe Township, but has made his residence in the village of Arthur since 1873. He opened the first mail bag which was thrown off at this station, as he was then acting as Deputy Postmaster. The receipts of the office were then $12 per annum. During the Cleveland Administration he had the position of Postmaster. Mr. Warren was married in 1848, in Barbour County, W. Va., to Eleanor A., daughter of Daniel Bartlett. This lady is a native of Virginia and is the mother of thirteen children, all of whom reached the years of maturity. They are as follows: Sarah J., wife of A. H. Dolin; Winfield S., who resides in Nebraska; Sarah Elizabeth, who married C. W. Fleming; Millard F., a druggist at Arthur; Americus F., a carpenter; Mary Margaret, the wife of S. H. Dehart; Caroline Virginia, the wife of Daniel Evans, of Nebraska; John D., a harness-maker at Arthur; Martha; Rosa A., who was the wife of D. N. Huckelberry, and has died, leaving one child; Lilly, the wife of William Preble, a barber at Arthur; Eva Lee and Mamie.
Our subject has, since coming to Illinois, affiliated with the Democratic party, though while in Virginia he counted himself a Whig, though not a voter because unmarried, for in Virginia an unmarried man could not vote. He has here held some positions of trust and responsibility, having been County Surveyor for seven years and Justice of the Peace for twelve years.
Millard F. Warren, one of the sons of Michael H. Warren, who is now a prominent citizen of Arthur, was born in Harrison County, Va., August 29, 1853, and came with the family to Illinois in 1859, and thus grew to manhood in Moultrie County. He was educated in the common schools and assisted his father in tilling he soil. In 1873 he came to Arthur and for five years conducted a photograph gallery, after which he established a restaurant business, and in July, 1889, engaged in the drug trade.
This gentleman was twice married, the first time in 1873, to Alice, daughter of John and Permelia Gerkin. This lady, who was a native of Moultrie County, was both amiable and accomplished and well fitted to make a happy home, but her married life was not of long duration, as she died in 1882, leaving one daughter, Nellie. In 1884 Mr. Warren was married a second time, then uniting his life with that of Ella Luce, daughter of William Luce. She was born in Arcola, Ill., and has two children, William M. and Katie May. Like his father, this young man is a Democrat in his political preferences and has filled the offices of Assessor and Township Clerk. He is a man of warm social qualities and is identified with the Arthur Lodge, No. 742, I. O. O. F. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William A. Webb
William A. Webb is the popular druggist at Dalton City, Moultrie County, and in the compounding of medicines and remedies, is considered very expert. He is a dealer in grain, buying from the country around, which is rich in its cereals, and finding a ready market with the large grain buyers of Chicago. Our subject has been engaged in business at the same stand since 1873, at which date he became associated with George Ferro, under the firm name of Webb & Ferro, dealing at first in the general Mercantile business, and also in the grain business. He has remained constant to his post of business ever since, and is now one of the oldest business men in the place, and the leading grain merchants in the town. Mr. Webb is a native of Kentucky, being born in Boyle County, May 27, 1841. He is a son of William R. and Jane (Moore) Webb, natives of Virginia and Kentucky respectively, but married in the latter State. In 1837 they emigrated to Parke County, Ind., and lived on a farm for a short time. Thence they removed to Greencastle. In 1859 they removed to Decatur, Ill., and there became proprietors of the Oglesby House, now known as the St. Nicholas. In 1862 they removed to Mason, having traded the hotel property for a farm. Our subject's father subsequently retired from the active business of agricultural life, and made his home in the village of Mason; he there died in 1874. His wife had expired some years previous while residing in Decatur.
Our subject is one of a family of eight children, all of whom lived to be grown. By name they are as follows: Lucy, Margaret, Theodocia, Richard, Jane H., Lewis F., William A. and Edward S. Margaret married Joseph Ferguson, and is now a resident of Wichita, Kan.; Theodocia became the wife of William H. Baird, of Mason, Ill.; Lewis resides at Mason. The father of our subject was a Whig in his political preference, and during life was the incumbent of several local offices. He served as Justice of the Peace for several years. In his religious preference he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he was a Class-Leader, and throughout life a liberal supporter of the Gospel work.
William Webb passed his early life in his father's hotel and on reaching his majority he entered the grain trade at Mason and contined [sic] to be thus employed until he came to Dalton City, at which place he became one of the first merchants. He sold out his interest in the store to Mr. Ferro and gave his entire attention to his grain trade. He was also for four years station agent at Dalton. He also dealt in live stock, and in 1891 established his drug business.
Mr. Webb was married in 1874 to Miss Retta B. Jeffries, of Philadelphia, Pa. The lady is a daughter of Thomas J. Jeffries, a machinist and a manufacturer of car springs in the above named city. Mr. and Mrs. Webb are the parents of one child. Politically our subject is a Republican, having been brought up to that party and platform, and having imbibed the theories as held by the Republicans by inheritance and youthful association as by cool judgment. Our subject has at different times held various local offices. Socially he is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In the line of his business he also deals quite largely in agricultural implements and machinery.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Twenty odd years of residence in such a county as Moultrie gives a man an opportunity to show what is in him in the way of industry, enterprise and integrity. He must by that time have gained for himself a reliable reputation for either good or ill, and have established himself among his neighbors. Our subject has thus lived in Dora Township, where he resides on section 20, and he has proved himself a thoroughly good neighbor, a successful agriculturist and a man of standing among his fellow-citizens. Mr. Weidner purchased eighty acres of land, which he found but slightly improved and entirely unbroken, when he first came into the county, and he has added to it by purchase until he now possesses two hundred and ninety-three acres, upon which he has placed substantial improvements. He was born in Hocking County, Ohio, December 10, 1843, his honored parents being Frederick and Catherine Weidner, natives of Germany, and his paternal grandfather being George Weidner, who came many years ago to the United States and settled in Fairfield County, Ohio, where he remained until death called him hence. He had reared a family of four sons and two daughters, namely: Frederick, John, Godfred, Solomon, Phebe, Christina and Barbara.
Frederick Weidner, the father of our subject, was married while residing in Ohio, and made his first home as a man of family in Hocking County, where he pursued farming, clearing up land in the woods and remaining there until his death, being snatched away in the prime of life at the age of forty-seven years. His bereaved widow survived him for many years and reached the age of four score and two years. She and her worthy husband were the parents of eleven children, seven of whom are still living, namely: George and John reside in Hocking County, Ohio; Solomon is living in Fairfield County, the same State; Daniel, our subject; Phebe, who married William Fletcher and died in Dora Township; Catherine married David Ashbauch and resides in Van Wert County, Ohio; and Barbara, who is the wife of William Walker and lives in Hocking County, Ohio.
The ordinary life and training of a farmer's boy was given to Daniel Weidner in his youth and he grew up to a robust and active young manhood, and set about establishing himself both in his life work and in his life home. It was in 1867 when he was united in marriage to a lady who has been to him a congenial and helpful companion. Her maiden home was Mary A. Beery and she was born in Hocking County, Ohio, December 13, 1846, being the daughter of Abraham Beery. She has been the mother of eleven children and has had the sorrow of laying five of her little ones in their graves. The six who survive are: Nannie, wife of Augustus Reeder; Frank, Lilly, Hettie, John and Elmer.
The political views of our subject were formerly in accordance with the doctrines of the Democratic party, but he is now independent of party ties. Both he and his excellent wife are earnest and active members of the church of the United Brethren, and in its communion and services they find a broad field for influence and work. Their standing among their neighbors gives them an influence which is always exerted for good, and the success of Mr. Weidner in the cultivation and development of his farm his farm has earned for him the good opinion of all who know him. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
James S. Welch, M. D., deceased.
Sullivan, Moultrie County, is proud to name those in her foremost rank who have fallen in the conflict of life, but who have fallen honorably and whose past record makes them beloved and respected by those who knew them and whose example is worthy of emulation by the rising generation. Among such names we present Dr. James S. Welch who died at his home in Sullivan, September 4, 1884. He had lived in the county for a good many years and was formerly a resident of Shelbyville, where for some time he was in the mercantile business, Sangamon County, this State, had been his home previous to his coming to Shelbyville. Dr. Welch was born in Sangamon County, Ill., February 3, 1840, and as he had lost his father when quite young he had been reared to manhood by his mother who has since died in Sangamon County, full of years and in the enjoyment of the respect and affection of all who knew her. Our subject was a student at Ann Arbor, Mich., and later was graduated from the St. Louis Medical College. He practiced his profession for a short time only and then became a druggist, in which line of business he was very successful.
Our subject was prominent in political and social circles, was active in promoting the success of the Democratic party and was identified with the order of Odd Fellows at Sullivan. This order took charge of the funeral ceremonies after his death and he was buried with the honors of the lodge. His intelligence and affability brought him many friends and his business ability commanded the respect of all.
Miss Anna Reeder became the wife of Dr. Welch in Sullivan. She is a native of Warren County, Ohio, and a daughter of George W. and Jane (Thompson) Reeder, natives of Ohio who came of Eastern parentage, being descended respectively from families of Virginia and New Jersey. Mr. and Mrs. Reeder were married in Warren County, Ohio, and at once went to Wisconsin, becoming early settlers near Monroe, Green County, in the days when the Indians were much more numerous than whites. They traveled from Ohio by way of water, taking the river at Cincinnati, going down the Ohio and up the Mississippi to Galena., Ill., and thence with teams to Green County, Wis., where they lived for nine years, transforming the raw prairie into a productive farm which lies two and one-half miles from the present city of Monroe. That city was at one time located upon their land but during a county-seat war was removed an another site. On leaving Wisconsin they returned to Warren County, Ohio, and in the spring of 1865 they came to Illinois, settling in Coles County near Mattoon, where they lived for two years and then came to Shelby County. Six years later they removed to Normal. McLean County, and there Mr. Reeder, died in 1881, being then nearly seventy-two years of age. Mr. Reeder was a strong Republican in politics and a leader among men, and was a successful farmer all his life. His wife, who survives him, is now seventy-two years of age and makes her home with her daughter, Mrs. Welch. She is the mother of seventeen children, ten of whom are yet living. Four of her sons, Joseph H., Allen B., Caleb T. and James C., were soldiers during the War of the Rebellion. The eldest of these fell at the battle of Ft. Donelson by a shot from the enemy's guns. He was a member of the Eleventh Indiana Zouaves; the second son mentioned died from typhoid fever upon a hospital boat after the battle of Franklin, in which he took part; he was a Sergeant in an Ohio regiment. The last two named fought through the war and escaped unhurt. James being now a Kansas farmer, while Caleb F. is a general merchant at Stewardson, Shelby County.
Prof. Rudolph Reeder, another son of this eminent family, is successfully filling the Chair of Training in the Normal School at Normal, Ill., while another, Prof. George W. Reeder, has been Principal of various schools in Kansas and Colorado; their sister, Mrs. Welch, was carefully reared and well educated, completing her course in the Normal University at Normal, Ill., and was for twelve years a teacher, serving both in Mattoon and Sullivan, having been only sixteen years old when she began teaching. She is a Methodist in her religious belief and her mother belongs to the Baptist Church. She is an earnest temperance worker and is active in promoting every movement which will lead to the prohibition of the sale of alcoholic drinks in her town and country. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
John Whitaker, a retired farmer living in Sullivan, Moultrie County, to which he removed in February, 1891, came here from Douglas County, Ill., where he had lived since 1856. He had there improved a farm of some eighty acres which he afterward sold and purchased and improved a larger tract which comprises some two hundred acres. His farm is supplied with good farm buildings and a pleasant residence, and he has been more than ordinarily prosperous in his pursuit of agriculture. Mr. Whitaker is a native of Indiana, being born in Vigo County, March 12, 1833. His father, William Whitaker, was a Kentuckian by birth and there grew up, and while yet a single man removed to Vigo County, Ind., where he married Elizabeth Taylor, a Kentucky lady who had come to Indiana several years before her marriage. They made their home upon a farm and he died in Vigo County while still in the prime of life, when his years numbered less than half a century. His wife survived him for many years and died in extreme old age at the home of her son John when he was residing in Douglas County. Both she and her good husband were earnest and consistent members of the Baptist Church and throughout life were devoted to their religious duties and faith.
Our subject is the third of the four children born to his parents and only one besides himself now survives, namely: a sister, Mrs. Recnah Weddell, widow of Thomas Weddell, who was formerly a resident of Coles, Ill. John Whitaker grew up a farmer and has been very successful in his life work, having made all that he has by his own unaided efforts. His first marriage took place in Douglas County, being then united with Hannah Davis, a native of Vigo County, Ind., who had come with her parents to Douglas County when a child. Their family home continued there until after her death which occurred at the age of forty-one years. She was deeply mourned by her husband and the five children who survive her, who are as follows: Theodosia, the wife of John Hastings, a farmer in Douglas County; William, a student in the Chicago Law College; Mary E., the wife of Jacob Riddle who resides in Cincinnati, Green County, Ind., there he is a merchant; Cora B., who is at present with her sister, Mrs. Riddle, in Indiana, and Charles who is at home. Our subject was a second time married in Sullivan to Mrs. Harriet Dyson nee Elder, who was born in Springfield, Ill., and there grew to womanhood and was first married in that city to Mr. Levi Dyson, now deceased. Both Mr. and Mrs. Whitaker are earnest and consistent members of the Baptist Church and in its communion and labors they share being willing to lend a hand toward every morality. The Democratic party in its declarations and platform gives expression to the political belief of our subject, who is earnest and active in his advocacy of the party which is proud to claim as its most distinguished exponent the author of the Declaration of Independence.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Zachariah B. Whitfield
As the city of Sullivan is the center of a rich, highly cultivated and prosperous county, it is not surprising that within its bounds may be found a large number of retired farmers who have gained sufficient wealth by the labors of their early years to give themselves the luxury of rest and ease in their declining days. These retired farmers are not so old and decrepit as to have lost their interest in matters outside their homes, but are active and useful citizens, employing their energies more fully in the line of public improvements than they were able to do in the days when they were more heavily burdened.
Among such citizens of Sullivan we find the prosperous man whose name appears at the head of this present writing. His fine farm in Whitley Township consists of two hundred and eighty eight acres, which has upon it a complete set of farm buildings, and the acres are well improved and finely stocked. He came to Whitley Township in 1858 with his parents, having been born January 15, 1847, in Shelby County. His father, Willis Whitfield, was a native of Tennessee, whose parents were of Scotch-Irish descent. He became a farmer in his native State, and was there first married to Alementra Rhoads, a Tennessee lady. This worthy pioneer couple soon came to Shelby County, Ill., settling near Shelbyville when there was but one house in that place, and taking up Government land. This was about the year 1832, and one year later Mrs. Whitfield died of the Asiatic cholera, in 1833, being then in the prime of life. Her three children, Emeline, Louisa and Silas have all now passed to the other world, although they lived to mature years and established families of their own. The Rev. Willis Whitfield was a second time married in Shelby County to Miss Martha Pugh, who was born in Kentucky and came when a child with her parents to Shelby County. Mr. Pugh was killed when in middle life by a bolt of lightning when planting corn. In 1858 Willis Whitfield and wife came to Whitley Township and there took a farm, and making good improvements upon it, remained in this home through life. The father passed away in 1869, having reached the age of sixty-four years. The mother tarried five years longer, and then died at the age of sixty-four. They were active members of the Separate Baptist Church, and for many years Mr. Whitfield filled the pulpit in that church. He was a prominent church worker in both this and Shelby Counties. His political views were Democratic, and he was an earnest worker for that cause.
Our subject has one sister living - Elizabeth, the wife of M. L. Wagoner, of Whitley Township. He remained with his parents until their death, his mother passing away under his roof. He received a fairly good education in his youth, and is a genial man, and possesses the esteem of his neighbors on account of his intelligence and integrity. He has been a leader in the local politics of Whitley Township, and has been placed by turn in all of the offices of the township, having been Supervisor for five years. He is a favorite not only in the Democratic party, but in all political circles.
The marriage of our subject in Whitley Township to Miss Hannah D. M. Baker gave him a companion who has proved of inestimable value in his battle with life. She was born in Whitley Township, and is the daughter of William K. Baker, a prominent farmer and stock-raiser here, whose wife bore the maiden name of Lucinda Carter. Mrs. Whitfield was one of a numerous family, and herself has become the mother of six children. viz.: William K., Zachariah B., Martha L., Willis H., Lydia E. and C. Fred.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
The union of the family interests in business enterprises has long been made prominent both in the old country and in America. Many prominent firms have for generations borne the family name and it has been the pride of those thus connected to maintain these business relations and to build up an honorable record as a commercial family. So strong has been this feeling in some notable instances as to compel any who joined the firm as members to legally adopt the family name. This union of the family affection and business interests is well illustrated in the record of the well-known firm whose name appears at the head of this paragraph.
The Wilkinson Bros., dealers in lumber, tile and coal at Bethany, Moultrie County, established business under the present firm and style in 1882. The members of the firm are four brothers, namely: Jasper N., John J., Warren A., William W., all of them natives of Vinton County, Ohio and sons of Jacob and Mary (Morrison) Wilkinson. The parents were also natives of Vinton County, were there married and reared their family, removing to Illinois in the fall of 1864, and passing the winter at Millmine. The following year they located at a small town (now defunct) which bore the name of Dawtown, and the father of the family worked in a sawmill there as his business in Ohio and been in the line of operating sawmills and gristmills.
The family removed in 1868 to a farm near Argenta, Macon County, Ill., and there they rented land and afterward purchased a farm of three hundred acres, tilling and improving it and placing upon it fine stock. There the parents still reside and the father who has made a success of stock-raising, is now engaged in breeding red-polled cattle. These faithful parents who have succeeded in bringing up to maturity so fine a family are people of true Christian character and prominent members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.
Twelve children blessed this frugal pioneer home and nine of the number are still living, namely: Jasper N., Warren A., John J., William W., Mary E., George E., Charles E. Arthur L. and Luella J. Mary is now the wife of Walter L. Williams; Jasper N. was born in 1851 and early distinguished himself in local circles by his studious disposition, fitting himself for teaching at the early age of fifteen. In 1874 he was graduated from the State Normal University at Normal, Ill., and he is now a Professor in the State Normal School at Emporia Kan. He has formed a congenial marriage with Miss Nellie Reynolds, of Buda, Ill.
Warren A. was born December 14, 1857, and was reared upon a farm until 1881, when he came to Bethany and engaged in the manufacture of tile, being associated with his brothers; he built a tile factory, which they still own and operate, and thus was inaugurated the successful business which bears their name. His marriage with Grace, daughter of Dr. E. A. Piatt, brought him three beautiful children, all of whom are now deceased; his wife also passed to the other world in 1891. Warren A. resides at Bethany and gives his whole attention to the business of the firm. John A. was born September 23, 1859, and, like his eldest brother, is a graduate of the State Normal University at Normal, Ill., being a member of the Class of '85; he also gives his attention to teaching, being the Principal of the grammar school at Springfield, Ill., and having held the principalship of the Lovington schools from 1885 to 1889. William W. was born September 1, 1861, and when he had completed his elementary education he devoted himself to the study of book-keeping and commercial law at Lincoln, Ill., and later attended Bryant & Stratton's Business College at Chicago. After completing his studies he became a useful member of the firm of Wilkinson Bros. in 1882. He and his brother Warren are the active members of the firm and the efficient and capable managers, making their home at Bethany. This honorable and intelligent family have shown themselves capable both in the intellectual and business world and the parents of these sons have abundant reason to rejoice, not only in their success in life in their respective fields and in the respect which is meted out to them by all who know the, but also in their admirable Christian characters and in their efficiency in church work as they are all workers in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, with which most of them are personally identified. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Henry C. Wood
It has been said that merit is the only distinction, and none will deny that those who have been industrious frugal and honest, are deserving of recognition by their fellow-men. These qualities have characterized Mr. Wood in his dealings with man-kind, his labor for personal advancement and his connection with social affairs. He has for many years been numbered among the influential farmers of Moultrie County, having a goodly tract of land on section 10, Lowe Township. He raises on his two hundred acres crops of various grains, equal in quality and quantity to any in the neighborhood, and has also erected good bars and commodious out-buildings for the storage of grain and shelter of stock.
Mr. Wood is the son of Eli and Nancy (Moon) Wood, natives of North Carolina and Virginia respectively. Very early in life they came to Indiana, whence they removed to Illinois in 1847, locating in what is now Douglas County. They there remained until called hence by death. The father was an energetic and upright man, universally esteemed and respected. The parental family included five daughters and two sons, our subject being the sixth in order of birth. Knox County, Ind., was his birthplace and his natal day November 9, 1845. When he was one and a half years old he was brought to Illinois by his parents and grew to a vigorous manhood amid the pioneer scenes of Douglas County. When our subject was about fifteen years old he was bereaved by the death of his father, after which he made his home with an uncle, Martin Wood, for two years. He then worked out as a farm laborer for three years and gained a practical knowledge of the best way of carrying on a farm. He was less than twenty when he enlisted, April, 1865, in Company F, Eighteenth Illinois Infantry, and served until the close of the war. When peace was declared he returned to Illinois and once more resumed the pursuits of civil life. He first located in Piatt County and for one year worked out by the month, after which he engaged in agriculture on his own account in Moultrie County, of which he has since been a resident.
On October 20, 1866, in Piatt County, Ill., Henry C. Wood and Miss Ann Shultz were united in the holy bonds of wedlock. This lady, who was a native of Kentucky, died in Lowe Township, August 26, 1885. Their four children were named as follows: Ida M., now the wife of George H. Erhardt, Eva, Lucy B. and Robert W. Mr. Wood was again married, choosing as his wife Miss Martha A. Thurman, who was born in Pulaski County, Ky., August 15, 1845. The marriage was solemnized in Somerset, Ky., November 10, 1889, and has proved a congenial union. Mrs. Wood is a lady whose intelligence is universally recognized and whose hospitality and geniality are well known.A man of unblemished reputation and sound understanding, Mr. Wood occupies a place in the community among the very best citizens. He is a member of the New Light Church, to which his first wife also belonged. His present wife is a member of the Baptist Church. In his political affiliations he is a Democrat and has served as School Director two terms. He has always followed agricultural pursuits and in his chosen a vocation has accumulated the means which enable him at the present time to surround himself and family with the comforts justly the reward of those who work industriously and studiously. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
James Avery Wood
A pleasant gentleman whom Moultrie County may well be proud to claim as a son and native, is he whose name is at the head of this sketch. Born here March 31, 1848, his parents were Joseph M. and Parletha (Patterson) Wood. Our subject's paternal grandfather, Avery Wood, came to this county before 1840, and entered a large tract of land upon which he made some improvements before his death, which occurred in Sullivan Township, where his body lies interred. The father of our subject was the only boy in the family to attain the age of maturity. He was a farmer and died in Sullivan Township in the fall of 1852, having before his death acquired a handsome property. Our subject's mother, married a second time, a gentleman by the name of Montgomery, and by this union three children were born which were reared with him of whom we write.
The parental family consisted of three children whose names are as follows: Sarah J.; James A., our subject, and John W. Mr. Wood's only sister married William Hodge; she died in Sullivan Township, without issue. James A. was married in 1869 to Mary A. Hoke, a daughter of Samuel and Amanda Hoke. She was a native of the same county and State as her husband being here born April 18, 1849. Her death occurred June 6, 1890, and her loss is deeply felt not only by her immediate family but by many who have been the recipients of her kindly sympathy and aid in times of trouble. She lived in Sullivan Township all her life.
Mr. Wood is a progressive farmer and although he is comparatively a young man, has acquired a good farm which comprises one hundred and sixty acres of as fertile and well-located land as there is in the county. Upon this he has put valuable improvements, and has here a pleasant home. He devotes himself chiefly to general farming, but has some fine stock. The original of our sketch is not content to accumulate alone earthly riches, but realizes that for himself and family there are treasures of learning and wisdom to be had for the getting. His home boasts many books by standard authors and the latest current literature finds its way to his reading table. He is a thoughtful reader, forming his ideas from his own deductions, rejecting ready-made opinions upon any line of thought, whether it be political or otherwise. Five children comprise the family of our subject, whose names are: Zolla Newton, Estella May, Sarah Jane, Samuel A. and Lora Edith. Politically, Mr. Wood's sympathies all interests center with the Democratic party and this receives the weight of his vote and influence. Religiously he is a member of the United Brethren Church, and seeks to live in his daily life, the lessons taught by the life of the Divine Man. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
John W. Wood
The acquisitive faculty is one which some men possess in a high degree, and in which others are almost totally deficient. We frequently associate characteristics which are not admirable with one who is thus endowed. This, however, is neither just nor correct, for this faculty is as distinctly a gift of the Creator as is a mechanical, musical or poetical genius in people whom we cannot laud too highly for the results of their work. The name that heads this sketch is that of a man who possesses the acquisitive faculty in a large degree, and at the same time, he is generous and open-hearted to a fault. He is a prosperous, well-to-do farmer, owning four hundred and fifty acres of fine land upon which are the best improvements, a pleasing and attractively built house, good barns and granaries, sheds and outbuildings for the shelter and protection of his stock.
Our subject was born in Moultrie County, Ill., February 28, 1850. His parents were Joseph M. and Purletha (Patterson) Wood, natives of Kentucky and Illinois, respectively. For a further history see sketch of J. A. Wood in another part of this volume. He of whom we write was reared on a farm, and received the educational advantages common to boys of his age and position in life. On reaching manhood he was attracted by the charms and virtues of Miss Mary J. Kirkwood, and November 2, 1871, their nuptials were celebrated at the home of the bride's parents, who were James and Ann J. Kirkwood. Mrs. Wood was born in Ross County, Ohio, December 31, 1852.
The married life of Mr. and Mrs. Wood was blessed by the birth of seven children two of whom were taken into the fold by the Good Shepherd, while yet in the purity of infancy. Five of their children reached years of maturity: Minnie S., died February 22, 1891, at the age of seventeen years. The living children are: M. Rosella, Joseph W.; James A. and Freeda E. Our subject in his religious belief is non-sectarian, which does not, however, indicate that he is either infidel or atheist, as he believes fully in the goodness and mercy of a Divine Creator and Father. In political affairs, he is an ideal follower of Tolstoi, making no active opposition to any political party or measures, and in consequence favoring no party. He does not vote because it is contrary to his religious belief to do so, leaving all political matter to solve themselves by natural evolution, that is guided and governed by God. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William N. Wood
William N. Wood, a prominent farmer and stock-raiser residing on Section 17, Sullivan Township, Moultrie County, is a native of Hardin County, Ky., where he was born February 25, 1847. His parents, N. H. and Elizabeth (Lyon) Wood, were natives of Kentucky. They came to Illinois in 1852, bringing this son with them and located at Charlestown, Coles County, where they staid for two years, removing thence to Tuscola, Douglas County, where they remained until they passed from earth, the mother in January, 1855, and the father in January, 1865. The family is of English origin, although the grandparents of our subject were natives of Vermont, and became pioneers of Kentucky. Of their family our subject is the youngest of two sons and four daughters. The household in which Mr. Wood was reared, consisted of the following children: Martha R., who became the wife of W. L. Parker, a jeweler of Kansas City, Mo.; Mary died at the age of twenty-three, in March, 1863, in Tuscola; James Stratton married Susanna Thompson, of Douglas County, and now resides in Carlisle. Ark.; Sarah Jane is unmarried and resides at Lovington; William N., and Elizabeth E., wife of J. M. Durbrow, is living in Champaign County. He of whom we write attended the public schools near his home, and also took instruction at Lee's Academy in Stockton, Ill. He taught school for two years before engaging in farming in Douglas County, and was married March 14, 1875, to Miss Margaret C., daughter of Peter and Mary Evans, who was born in Licking County, Ohio, October 25, 1854.
Mrs. Wood is the youngest in a family of eight children, whose parents came to Illinois in 1856, and located in Moultrie County, where they both died, the father October 20, 1873, and the mother October 21, 1876. Of this family only two are living: Mrs. Wood, and Annie who became the wife of Felix Weaver, and resides at Adrian, Mo., her husband being engaged in the stock and commission business at Kansas City. The Evans family are of Welsh and German ancestry.
The farm where Mr. Wood now resides became residents of the family home in the fall of 1875. One hundred acres of this land came to his wife by inheritance, and to it he has added by purchase until he has a fine tract of two hundred and thirty-five acres, upon which may be seen a tasteful and attractive home and capacious and commodious farm buildings. Of their six children five are now living, their eldest daughter, Mary, who was born September l. 1876, being taken away March 1, 1878. Those who are living, are: Elizabeth, born October 12, 1877; Norman H., June 11, 1879; Charles, May 5, 1881; Homer Howard, October 13, 1883; Adeline, November 14, 1886. These children are all being thoroughly educated, but remain under the parental roof during their school days. Mr. Wood takes an interest in public affairs, and is a Democrat in politics, while his worthy wife espouses the principles of the Republican party. He has held various offices in his township, and is a member of the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Squire Woodruff, a retired farmer living in a pleasant home on Jefferson Street, left his farm in Sullivan Township some three years ago and for fourteen months made his home in Decatur before coming to Sullivan, Moultrie County. He purchased land in Sullivan Township when he first came to this county in 1854 and was remarkably successful in general farming and stock-raising, so that he now owns four hundred and sixty-seven acres of as fine land as there is in the county, three hundred and thirty-seven acres of which is under the plow and subdrained with tiling. One hundred and sixty acres of this land was obtained by his father, Moses, from the Government in 1837 and has never been deeded outside of the family. Mr. woodruff has had unusual success in breeding the best grades of sheep, swine, cattle and horses. He was born near the county seat of Fountain County, Ind., July 29, 1827, his father, being a native of New Jersey and a son of Samuel A. Woodruff of the same State, but descended from old New England stock.
The grandfather of our subject learned the trade of a tailor in New Jersey, and married Miss Joan Potter and after the birth of their children they emigrated with their family to Ohio, settling at Shakers' village and joining that peculiar sect, and lived there until her death. Somewhat later her husband came to Indiana and died in the home of his son Aaron Woodruff in fountain County, being then past seventy-four years of age. He adhered to the Shaker faith till his death, although his sons Moses and Aaron, when young men broke away from this faith and came to Indiana, there beginning life as farmers. This was just after the marriage of Moses Woodruff with Miss Margaret Petro, a native of Pennsylvania who came to Ohio when ten years of age. They were married in Monroe County, Ohio, after which they came to Indiana and made a settlement in the woods in Fountain County. They were without means and did genuine pioneer work in that new region, and there Moses and his wife lived and died. Moses passed away in 1838 when less than forty-two old, and his faithful wife survived him more than twenty years and died November 11, 1860, at the age of sixty-eight years. Moses Woodruff was an Universalist in his religious belief and his wife died in the faith of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Squire Woodruff is the first born of his parents and he and his brother Martin, a farmer near Sullivan, are now all that remain of the family, as their sister Mary A. died in infancy. The first marriage of our subject took place in Fountain County, Ind., he being then united with Miss Asenath Marvin of that county, who died in Moultrie County, Ill., January 5, 1857, at the early age of twenty-six years. The second wife of Mr. Woodruff to whom he was united in this county bore the maiden name of Mary Heffelfinger. She was born in Pennsylvania and came when quite young first to Indiana and later to Illinois, and when thirty-one years old passed away from this life March 6, 1869. The third marriage of Mr. Woodruff united him with Mary A. Yakeley. His fourth wife was formerly Miss Elizabeth Kepler. She died September 12, 1882. Our subject was again married to Hannah Horn who was born in Washington County, Pa., and came to Illinois after her first marriage. Mr. Woodruff had children by four of his wives and nine of them are living, namely: Ethan A., Mary E., Elias P., Martin A., Asenath, Cora B., Helen, Margaret A. and Edith D. The last three are unmarried and make their home with their father [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Samuel W. Wright, Jr.
Hon. Samuel W. Wright, Jr., represents the Thirty-third Senatorial District in the General Assembly. From a local standpoint he is an enterprising citizen and a liberal supporter of all worthy enterprises. Personally he of whom we write is modest and retiring, but a thorough business man and a gentleman. He lives on a farm, which he oversees, but as the greater part of his time is given to outside business the term of "gentleman farmer" might with propriety be applied to Mr. Wright. He is the owner, however, of a good farm in Sullivan Township, which, owing to his splendid management, is a model of neatness, order and attractiveness. Like the majority of farmers who do business on a large scale in the State, he deals extensively in live-stock and is a general trader.
The original of our sketch is the only son of James M. and Mildred (Dazey) Wright, and was born in this county June 30, 1850. The family removed, however, to Shelby County in the fall of 1850, and there the lad passed his boyhood days. He was seventeen years old when the family came to Sullivan, and the young man finished his education at Bastian College, then a noted institution of learning, but now defunct. Like the present leader of the Republican party, the Hon. James G. Blaine, he began his career as a teacher, and doubtless, in forming debating societies for his students, he early learned parliamentary rules and regulations that were of value to him later in his career in public life. In 1870 Samuel Wright was married, his bride being Miss Angie Powell, who was born in Moultrie County, March 4, 1850. Their nuptials were celebrated in Sullivan, where for a time the young couple made their residence. Mrs. Wright is a daughter of John and Sarah (Harbough) Powell. In 1879 they settled in Moultrie County, where they at present reside. Here our subject is engaged while at home, in stock-raising, being able to boast of some of the finest breeds in the animals that he owns. Politically, the originator of our sketch is an important factor in the local forces of the Democratic party. An intelligent, educated man, and a good speaker, he has done much for his party in the State. He has for three terms held the local office of Township Supervisor, and has also been Chairman of the Board, and has been instrumental in effecting many changes that have benefited the county.
In the fall of 1890 he of whom we write was elected to the State Senate, and was one of the one hundred and one who supported the Hon. John M. Palmer so ably for the United States Senate. His standing in the Legislature speaks for itself in the fact that he was a member of some of the most important committees, serving on ten in all, among which were those on appropriations, banks and banking, corporations, etc. He received the highly complementary vote of three thousand four hundred majority over his Republican opponents and several hundred over all other candidates, which speaks in most glowing terms of his popularity in the county. Mr. Wright's domestic and home life is exceedingly happy. His wife is a charming woman. who, while her chief interests are centered in her home and family, presides with great dignity and elegance over the domestic realm. She is a delightful hostess, making rich or poor, great or small, feel at home and easy in her gracious presence. She is the mother of eight children, whose names are as follows: Carrie E., Addie O., Walter P., James A., Minnie May, Edward E., Homer W. and Samuel Palmer.
Our subject is Past Grand Master of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and also a member of the Knights of Pythias. In their religious relations both Mr. and Mrs. Wright are connected in membership with the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Our subject is a man whose biographical sketch it is a pleasure to consider. Cultivated, educated and manly, with no inclination to boast of natural advantages or acquirements, he is one who naturally takes his place at the head of affairs and is recognized universally as one of nature's noblemen. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Albert Wyman, a large and successful dealer in boots and shoes, who is doing business in a fine establishment at the southwest corner of the public square, came to Sullivan, Moultrie County, in 1870 and entered upon work as a journeyman shoemaker. Later he began business on his own account and finally added a stock of goods and opened a store. He has been a hard-working man and is the architect of his own fortune, and out of his profits he has built the commodious business house which he now occupies. It is twenty-two feet wide by eighty-two feet deep, two stories high and was built in 1885, since which time he has kept it stocked with an excellent and extensive line of boots and shoes. Mr. Wyman came here from St. Louis, to which point he had traveled over a great many States since coming to this country in 1858 from Germany. He was born in Prussia not far from Berlin, July 10, 1835. His parents, Daniel and Dorathea (Heiser) Wyman, natives of Prussia, were of excellent German stock and reared him through his boyhood, giving to him the best advantages of a German education. The father passed from life in his native country in 1862 at the age of seventy-six, and his good wife, who was born in 1804, died in 1866. Daniel Wyman had fought with the German forces in the war with France which took place between the years of 1812 and 1815, being an active soldier for four years and bearing throughout life wounds received in conflict. He and his faithful wife were devout members of the Lutheran Church. Our subject is the youngest of his parents' children, six sons and one daughter, and two of these sons are now deceased. Albert having grown to manhood in his native Province, set out while still young for this country, breaking away from home and friends and coming all alone from Hamburg to New York City, landing there in 1858, and beginning as a workman at his trade which he had learned in his native country.
Mr. Wyman served for four months as a soldier in the War of the Rebellion, enlisting at the first call in the Second Missouri Infantry, and fighting at the battle of Wilson's Creek, Mo. He often says that this short experience gave him a sufficient taste of war and of rebellion and he was satisfied after that to settle down to his trade in St. Louis. He adheres to the church of his forefathers, the Lutheran, and is active and helpful in its good works. In political matters he is independent, not being trammeled by party ties.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
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