Native American News Stories
The Kunkakees (Kankakee?) a tribe of Indians living on the head branches of the Illinois river, are said to be in a state of the utmost wretchedness and want, partly from the severity of the late winter and partly from the diminution of game. Their extremity may be judged of, when it is known that they have been driven to the necessity, heretofore unknown among the Indians, of eating their dogs and horses.
Governor Cass, under the sanction of the government, has ordered no supplies for the sufferers. – N.Y. Statesman.
[Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, PA) April 27, 1827 - Submitted by Nancy Piper]
By the arrival of the St. Louis and Galena packet from the Upper Mississippi, on 3d inst., we have received the important intelligence that the Winnebagoes had refused to treat with Governor Cass at Green Bay and that in consequence, Gov. Cass had written to Gen. Atkinson, informing him of this fact and also that the war-club had been passed to the Pottawattamies, or in other words, that that tribe, or a part of them had joined the Winnebagoes in hostility against the United States. Governor Cass, therefore, committed the further management of these savages to Gen. Atkinson, who accordingly left Prairie du Chien on the 29th, with his command, consisting of about 600 men, for the Portage on the Ouisconsin, where he was to be joined by Major Whistler, from Green Bay, with a small body of regulars and Militia and 100 Menominies. Gen. Dodge and Major Whitesides, of Fever River, also left that place on the 29th, with about 140 mounted men, destined for the English Prairie, where, it was expected they would fall in with the main force under Gen. Atkinson. The Indians were in body to the number of about 400, at the Four Lakes, 40 miles from the Portage. [Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pa), October 17, 1827 -- From the St. Louis, Mo Observer, Sept 5. -- Sub. by N. Piper]
Washington, Nov 2.
From St. Louis, we learn, that the result of the late expedition, to quell the rising Indian hostilities has been exceedingly fortunate and satisfactory; affording proof of great promptitude on the part of General Atkinson and of efficiency on the part of the troops whose station at Jefferson Barracks seems to be admirably adapted for enabling detachments to be rapidly moved to any point of disturbance on the frontier. The General succeeded in obtaining a surrender of all the principal offenders of the Winnebagoes engaged in the recent transgressions, both at Prairie du Chien, and in the attack on the keel-boats returning from Fort Snelling, as well as a security to the persons and operations of the people of the Mining district on Fever river, and peace and tranquility to our frontier inhabitants. It is a subject of much gratification that the difficulties have been settled without bloodshed.
Nothing but a prompt and timely movement of the troops from Jefferson Barracks, it is said, prevented the Winnebagoes from attacking the mining people, destroying Prairie du Chien, and making war upon our frontier settlers. These attempts, if attended with partial success, would have drawn to their aid all the disaffected of the neighboring tribes, which it is believed would not have been very limited. Towards the end of July there were assembled on the head of Rock river some six hundred Winnebago warriors and all the bands had secreted their women and children. Hostilities would have followed immediately had not the causes above mentioned prevented it.
As to the report published in some of the prints that the whites were the aggressors, it is utterly destitute of truth. The Indians were the aggressors. In Council they offered no excuse for the offence, excepting that it was done by ungovernable bad men and not sanctioned by the Chiefs.
Four companies were drawn from Fort Snelling, to garrison Fort Crawford and the post was put under the command of Fowle, provisioned for twelve months and supplied with ordinance, ordinance stores and ammunition, amply. – Nat. Intel. [Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), November 14, 1827 - Sub. by N. Piper]
Governor Edwards of Illinois has addressed a letter to the Indian Agent for that District enclosing proofs or what he considers such, of a hostile disposition on the part of the Indians of that State. He complains that neither the Agent nor the Secretary of War have paid sufficient attention to his former representations and concludes with the declaration that,
“Under all these circumstances, I see no other alternative than to regard them as enemies – and to prepare to treat them as such. They will not be permitted to pass through any part of this State, except on lawful business and with a flag. Nor need they hope to gather any corn that they may have planted on the ceded lands of this State, within striking distance of our settlements. I should be glad to forewarn them of my determination, but cannot command the services of an interpreter and therefore must do the best I can without one.” [Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, October 29, 1828 - Sub. by N. Piper]
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